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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 9, 1891)
He who thinks to please the World is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind.
LEBANON, OHEGON, . FHIDAY, JANUAIi Y 9, 1891.
oiitliera Pacific Route.
S THE MOBSt SHASTA ROUTE.
ttE?s rUArxS LEAVE rOKTLiSD DAILY :
1'ortlaiul Ar9:3A. M
Albany Ar6 a5A. M.
Sau Francisco Lv 9 :00 V. M.
slop onlv at the following station
VMirg: East Portland, Oregon City,
Salem, Altany, Tangent. Shedda,
j-risburg, Junction Cliy, Irving and
..Roseborg Mail lally.
Ar I 4 P. M.
Arl MM M.
Lvl 6 : A. M.
y Local Dally (Except Sunday.)
V K. Lv
l P. M. 1 AT
I 90 A.
1 W A.
Passenger Train Daily
Ar 19 .25 A. M
Lv 8 :0 A. K.
Ar 14:26 P. K.
Lt I 3:40 p. M.
SAN BUFFET SLEEPEKS,
Tourist Sleeping Cars .,
'or accommodation of Second Class Passengers.
attached to press trains.
iWEST SIDE DIVISION.
1TLAXD AND COKYALIIS
Mall Train Daily (Except Snnday.)
S :R0 P. M.
13 3d P.
it Albany and Corvallls connect with trains of
t jvgon raoinc Kauroaa.
I Impress Train Daily Except Snnday.)
8 20. A. at.
5:45 A. SC.
i-Thrt.ugfcUeketsto all points East and Soath
or tickets and foil information regarding
fes. maps, e r., call on Co'a agent at Lebanon
E. I. ROGERS.
Asst. G. F. P. Agt
J. K. WEATHERFORD,
ATTORNEY- AT - LAW.
Office over First National Bank.
AT.RATSY. ----- OREGON.
W. R. PILYEU,
ATTORNEY- AT- LAW.
Graemes and Provisions.
Tobacco and Cigars,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Qoe'ensware and Glassware, Lamps and
i;LH. Lv Portland Ar
jSU P. AT OorvaUia Lt
, Lamp fixtures.
X PAY CASH FOR EGGS.
aYntreetT " Ubanon, Oregon
X L. McCLRUE
(Successor to C. H. Harmon.)
Shaving, Haircutting- and Shampoo-
ing in the latest and best style. Spec
'"t ial-attention paid to dressing Ladies
liair. Your patronage respectfully so
'licited. ! ' " ;
- J. L. COWAN.
J. M. RALSTON.
Bank of Lebanon,
Transacts a General Banking Business.
ACCOUNTS KEPT SUBJECT TO
Exchange sold on New York, San
rancisco, Portland and Albany, Org.
Collections made on favorable terms.
'. KELLESBERGER, Prop.
A- A T.TED BEEF. PORK, MUT-
; SaCsage, Bologna & Ham.
i LWAYS ON HAND
Mrs. O'Shea is in Paris.
Dr. Schliernann is doad.
General Spinner is dying of cancer.
FarneU was defeated in North Kilkenny.
Spain has adopted a protective tariff
The Argentine wheat crop is the larerest
Wairea have been cut 10 per cent in the
Pullman car shops.
Extreme destitution In Peru Is leadinar
to revolutionary movements.
Sittlntr Bull's followers, bound for the
Bad Lands, have been captured.
The German Catholie oleriry have been
instructed to make war on socialism.
An attempt to have the bible read In
the Chicago public schools was a failure.
A thousand railway men at Hull have
struek for shorter hours and highor
Four hundred and six Italian paupers
were relused a landing at xsew lorfc
The Glasgow strikers have been trying
to wrecK trains and assaulting non-nuton
The ltussian government has ordered
the expulsion of 11,000 Germans and
Several persons have been arrested for
a plot to overtnrow trie Argentine gov'
As stated In this column several weeks
ago, the Indian scare in the northwest
has petered out.
The Liondon Times Is making1 war on
Booths scheme of social regeneration
ror earnest Ljogiana.
Twelve girls were drowned in Holstein
Dec. 22 by the breaking of the ice while
tney were stating.
The Columbian congress has legalized
the extension of time for th; completion
oi the I'anama canal.
XTrugtay is likelv to raise the tariff on
spirits, sugar, perfumery, silks, canned
provisions and tobacco.
Isaac B. Sawtelle has been convicted at
Dover, X. H of murdering his brother
Hiram for his property.
Five negroes were lynched for the
murder of Dr. F. R. Higgin in Mecklen
burg county, Va Dec. 20.
A farmer In Mahaska county, la., found
a gold nugget weighing seventy ounces
on his place the other day.
John Watson, bookkeeper of the Meri-
aen silver plate works at aienaen, uonn
is a defaulter ana missing.
Samuel Malone and John Hicks were
burned to death in Malone's house at
Holden, Mo on Christmas.
Mrs. Pearcv. who murdered her para
mour's wife, Mrs. Hogg, and her baby,
near London, has been hangid.
-The Masonic temple at Baltimore has
been bnrned and all the reeoixls of the
Maryland grand lodge destroyed.
Joe Taflinger and Bud Robinson were
killed in a fight at a Christmas enter
tainment in a church at McXabb's Station,
Dr. E. L. Shurly of Detroit is treating
consumption successfully with subcuta
neous injections of iodine and chloride of
The treasury department decides that
natural gas piped from Canada into the
United States is subject to a duty of 10
Though Parnell's candidate In North
Kilkenny was' defeated by McCarthy's
Parnell will continue his fight for the
The steamer Shanghai has been wrecked
near Nanking and the crew of sixty
natives and several European officers
At New Corydon, Ind., Dec. 23, Wesley
Tellis killed Virena Travel and himself
because the girl's parents would not let
her marry him.
Americans traveling in Germany are
warned that it is a crime to remain
seated- when the emperor's health is
John P. Matthews, postmaster at Car
rollton. Miss., tried to kill W. S. McBride
Dec. 25 but McBride fired first and killed
Nineteen shovers of counterfeit silver
dollars, sent out from New York, and
$1100 of the coin have been captured at
All the American republics except
Guatamala, Uruguay and Paraguay have
adopted the plan for an international
Bob Pruitt killed City Marshal Kit
treli, who attempted to arrest nitn at
Gainesville, Ga, LVc. 26, and Policeman
Lowry killed Pruitt.
A 6trike of railroad employes stopped
traffic between Aberdeen and Edinburg
Dec. 22, and many collieries, furnaces
and large factories had to close.
Earl B. Smith has been driven insane
by a hazing he was subjected to at
Deveaux Episcopal college at Suspension
Bridge. His recovery is hoped for.
Parnell says the defeat cf his candidate
in North Kilkenny was accomplished by
the priests threatening spiritual penal
ties to all those who voted for him.
The government building at Chicago
sunk so as to burst the water pipes and
flood the building Dec. 24, ruining, among
other things, much Christmas mail.
The Jenkins hotel at Washington, Ind-
was partially wrecked with dynamite
Dec. 26 by James McBride because his
wife, who lived in the hotel, refused to
Cordova, the second city in size In the
Argentine republic, has been 6wept by a
flood, resulting from the bursting of a
dam, which des toyed loo houses and as
Alexandria, Mo, once one of the most
prosperous towns in Northeast Missouri,
has been swept by successive fires and
floods until Dec. 22 it was almost com
pletely wiped out by fire.
A man named Mickel killked his wife
and stepdaughter because they would
not get up and drink with him when he
went home at St. Paul, Christmas eve,
and then committed suicide.
Three men have been sent to prison
for from two to thirteen months in
Paris for aiding the escape of the
nihilist Padlewsky after he had murcered
the Kussian uenerai benverskort.
R. B. Merriam, a 41-year-old widower,
seized Miss Josephine de Marse and
lumped into the river with her at Water-
town . Ji, Lee. 24, Decause sue would
not marry him, but both were saved.
The census shows that there are 10,018
Jewish families, with 60,030 members, in
the United States, and the death rate
among them is about nan tne general
average of the country, being 7.11 iu 1000.
At Des Moines. Ia 6ix aldermen and
ex-aldermen, six ex-constables and haif a
dozen other citizens have been indicted
and arrested for conspiracy and attempt
to evade the prohibition law. lney were
released on 1000 bail each.
The mavor of Deadwood had the fire
hose turned on a lot of drunken and
quarreling railroad graders Dec. 26 to
quell a disturbance and there were three
fires that night, believed to have been
set in revenge by them. I he loss was
The Detroit Boat company is building
a submarine boat Iorty feet long, nine
feet beam and fourteen feet In depth of
noiu wnich will rnn by an electric motor,
carry a supply of oxygen and be lighted
by electricity. Stopping the machinery
will bring it to the surface.
The severest snowstorm in years visited
the Atlantic coast Dec. 26 and many ves
sels were wrecked and several lives lost.
Railroad travel was impeded and electric
wires broken down from Pennsylvania
to the Canada line. A wing of the storm
crossed the Alleghanies and extended
through western jVennsylvauia and Ken
Mrs. Annie G .-teau. worth $300,000
has been dive . oftd rendered a pauper
'a?e while absent from
her home ,
erty was d,
husband m '
- ,re su-
- wiMinn. Her prop--"
the woman her
. Mrs. Barteau
Firebugs are working at Marysvllle.
The Truckeeitea hava had Ann weat hnr
Pedro Antonio Tjiiv7. illml t R&nfca Fa
Dec. 23, aged 115.
A. J. Johnson of Sacramento has been
appointed state printer.
The Southern Pacific haa secured rbzht
of-way through San Luis.
Ell "Mantes killed Alf Redman In a
fight at Red Bluff Dec. 22.
Mrs. Amy Patten died at San Ber
nardino Dec 23, aged 103.
The last stone has been laid on the
American river dam at Folsom.
David Treiello killed Ignaclo Reyez at
Jerome, A. T Dec. 26, In a fight.
The Gilroy cannery was burned Dec.
26 through the carelessness of tramps.
Thirteen-year-old Bennle Kelly of St.
Helena, Or, as dragged to death by a
The vlcarate of Utah has been made a
diocese and Father Scarettan is the first
C. W. Lemperle fatally shot C. W.
Mitchell in a quarrel in San Francisco
William Harris had his left arm acci
dentally shot off while hunting at Goshen
A national park will probably be set
off on Puget sound where the largest
A San Francisco doctor claims to have
discovered the long-sought-for specific
cure ior cancer.
Miss Laycock, a Longmont school
teacher, was stabbed by a big boy he
attempted to whip.
J. B. Curtis. 64 years old, was burned
to death In his cabin one mile from
Sutter Creek Dec. 21.
Alva Alexander, a boy, blew the top of
his head off by accident Dec. 23 near
Fairfield while hunting.
Octavio L. Telles got drunk and shot
Simplicio Marquezdean on the street at
Albuquerque Christmas morning.
The 5-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs.
Baugh of Sansevaln, Cat, was burned to
death while burning brush Dec. 26.
R. Armine haa been arrested for assault
ing an 8-year-old colored girl, Maud
Hope, at Alpine, San Diego county.
The Los Angeles police declare that
the Sunday-closing ordinance Is strictly
ooservea Dy me saloons oi tnat city.
The family of J. H. Wilkinson of Eu
gene, Or, was badly poisoned by head
cheese bought In the market Dec. 26.
Fope laibot s bark Atalanta was
wrecked off Clayoquot Dec. 14, but the
crew, after much suffering, were saved.
John M. Stoop killed Grant Lebarr at
the Peck mine near Prescott Dec. 21 and
on Christmas committed suicide In jail.
A fine deposit of stone coal Is reported
to have been found near Millvlile, Shasta
county, by an expert from Pennsylvania.
William Armstrong cut James Welch's
throat at Sacramento Dee. 25 in a row
In a dive but prompt aid 'Bared Weleh's
Fort urenara. n.. nas been recom
mended by the commission appointed to
se eet a site for the Puget sound navy
The colored people of Tacoma hare
organized to encourage the Immigration
of colored peopl from the southern
Baron Paris Hochkofler. an Austrian.
died of delirium tremens at National City
Dec. 25 and his wife took a fatal dose of
James Harris fired three shots Into
R bert Majors at Santa Crux Dec. 22.
and Majors put four bullets through
A Mrs. Schweitzer lumped Into the
river at Sacramento Dec. 25 but was res
cued and says she will not try it again
n ine winter.
J. C. Scott, one of the Arm who had
Wtlls, Fargo St Co.'s agency at Porter-
vi He, has decamped, $2400 short. Friends
have paid the money.
The coal company at Carmelito. Mon
terey county, expects poon to be pre
pared to ship 250 tons a day.
The four-year-old son of Rudolph Miller
of Vallejo played with a cartridge Dec.
24 and luckily escaped with the loss of a
thumb and part of a third finger.
About 1700 ex-emoloves of the Union
Pacific have been waiting for their pay
In Portland and many of them slept in
the city jail and lived on charity.
The concession to the Ensenada woolen
mill has been canceled by the Mexican
government. The mill Is given sixty
days in which to fill orders on hand.
The secretary of war haa been asked
to detail a force of cavalry to protect
the big tree forest from the Kaweah col
onists and the fire-spreading shepherds
Thomas Griffiths, an old Grass Valley
gentleman, fell in a fainting fit the other
day and got his foot In the fire and it
was burned off before he was discovered.
Samuel McCowan, a vasrant. objected
to the cooking in the Albuquerque jail
on Christmas, and attacked Jailer James
Mullen, who killed him with a butcher
Burnette G. Haskell and the other
Kaweah colonists arrested for cutting
timber on government land were placed
under bonds to appear for trial at Loe
Loser, one of the four tramps accused
of the murder of Brakeman Shuilenberger
at Glenn's Ferry, Idaho, has been held
and the others discharged but afterwards
The government commissioner who
examined the Indian school building at
Carson pronounces It "an architectural
monstrosity " and says the walls are not
even maoe piumo.
Mrs. David Rockwell, wife of a wealthy
rresno arayman, joined tne salvation
Army and then went to the bad and
Rockwell has Bold out, taken his children
ana gone to Arizona.
jacoo . iayior. tne ssan Lieco cap
italist, has been arrested for seducing
Jessie Marshall under promise of mar
riage. The. girl recently got. a verdict
for $2o,ooo damages against him.
William McDonald has been arrested
at Port'and for a will forgery alleged to
have been committed In Lancaster, Eng.
He says he was in this country when the
crime is alleged to have been committed.
Harry Bishop, a carpenter worklno- on
me vuuoriiia-si.reet, railroad s new en
gine-nouse in oan r rancisco, worked on
Christmas but celebrated occasionally in
a saloon and finally fell fifteen feet and
was fatally injured.
Gust Bremen, who Is accused of burn
Ing his brother Erick to death at Santa
Cruz, is under arrest. He is the fellow
who -was tarred and feathered at San
Fedro lor boasting that he had led an
other man's wife astray.
Two locomotives escaped from the
switch yard at Fresno Dec. 26 and ran
into affreight train three miles north of
there, killing Brakeman J. Lafferty,
fatally injuring Fireman J. Stanager and
seriously injuring Lngineer John Moore
uan rtoDerts urea iour shot at a
blacksmith named Trunan Dec. 24 at
close range without hitting him and
Trunan gave him a clubbing. Next day
he fired three more shots without hitting
T . . -J . I 1 . . i i V"
iiunau iiiu mo laiwr naa mm arrested
The eighth burglary In three months
at San Leandro deprived Miss Lottie
Waite, daughter of P. T. M. Wait, of a
gold watch Dec. 23. An attempt was
made to chloroform Miss Waite but she
screamed and the burglar fled.
A buck that weighed 120 pounds when
dressed was chased from the mountains
Into Santa Rosa Dec. 22 and jumped Into
D. M. Carithers' co servatory, doing $50
or $100 worth of damage to plants and
glass. The animal was afterward killed
on the street.
Ryland Drennan, aged 13, and George
Sagar, a boy about hts age i-re hunt
ing near Santa Cruz Doc.. ' Sagar
fired what he supposed ""ears
tridge at Drennan and r " s
' iiheek and lower - .-..
ved.' -r ' : "
William S. Lyon, chief forester of the
California state board of forestry, says:
It is not generally known that the
common black oak. used for tanning
purposes, la becoming scarcer each year,
and to take Its place we have been look
ing around for a aultablo tree, and have
found it In tha black wattle. Slnca we
made the discovery of which tree was
best adapted to the state and for the
purpose wanted, the state board has been
hard at work Introducing Into California
the black wattle from Victoria. Australia.
As long ago as 1873 the university of
California Imported red wattla and golden
wattle from south Australia, and a
species known as the Hack wattle. This
last has turned out to be a spurious tree,
absolutely worthless for the purposes for
which It was designed. We have at last
found the genuine article, the black wat
tle of Victoria, and we propose to plant
these seeds throughout the state as soon
possib'o. My forthcoming biennial
report deals largely with this important
subject. The report will have thirty-two
full-page lllustratlors dealing with the
growing of barks for tannery purposes.
The coast supply of common black oak
will In time be exhausted, and the black
wattle is tie only tree to take Its place.
Another important work we are com
mencing Is the distribution of the cluster
pine, made necessary to state interest
from the fact that our pine forest do
not yield tereblnthlne products, such as
turpentine, tar, pitch and resin, in
ufllclent quality or quantity. 1 he cluster
pine is the best for the purpose, and it
does not take a lifetime for it to yield
Then we are making rapid progress
with our experiments with the eucalyptus.
The railway company for eight years has
been making experiments at Truckee,
and now announces the eucalyptus a
failure for use in railway ties, not from
Its liability to decay, but beeause the
wood checks and splits. We are gradu
ally discovering what the railway com
pany failed In finding. By all means the
eucalyptus should be fostered In Califor
nia, for we imported from abroad no less
than 15,000 pounds of eucalyptus ell last
year. A firm in Loe Angeles is now pro
ducing eucalyptus oil equal to the best
English product. The oil is taking the
place of mineral antiseptics in medicine
and surgery. A superb and healthful
table cirink called eucalypta Is also just
commencing to be manufactured. We
are oistnouung tne red and tne sugar
gum In all parts of the state, and I pre
dict that great industries will arise in
California from the result of planting
Dom It Pay to Stimnl ate Fowls
If we want egga when prloes are high
and want to get the utmoet profit ot of
our poultry It does pay to "stimulate the
ovaries " and promote digestion, Doee It
pay to stimulate our cows with meal,
oil-cake, cottonseed meal, etc, etc.? It
does, and cows well eared for and gently
stimulated pay their owners twice the
profit that they would by following the
natural method. It is the same with
poultry. By the natural method the
chicks are hatched about June, become
mature about the following April when
eggs are away down and pay their
owner just about as much as the food
costs; while by inducing early laying
and ( as a consequence ) early broodlness.
the chicks can be hatched the last of
March or first of April, and, if fed to
growth, will come to maturity in Oetober
or November, or if fed for eggs and
gently stimulated they will lay vigor
ously all winter when eggs bring high
prices, and pay their owner a liberal
No better proof of this can be furnished
than the egg yield on our farm for two
weeks last past. We have about 300
pullets (SO of them are year-olds) and
they have laid In the 14 days ending Dec.
2 1454 eggs for which our grocer paid us
$48 43. It costs us not far from $1 a day
to feed them, which leaves $34 43 profit;
about $2 50 a day . Can any farmer earn
$2 50 a day easier than by taking care
of 800 pullets and hens? We know a
farmer who keeps about 80 fowls and
who actually had to buy a dozen eggs
last week for the Thanksgiving cooking.
He said his "pesky hens don't lay."
Well, he follows the natural method. He
has pullets, year-old and two-year-olds,
all rurnlng together and roosting in one
house. He feeds them once a day on
"corn mostly" and gives them a drink
of water olcs a day if he don't forget
it, and his "pesky hens don't lay." We
intend to .sell (for killing) all of our
fowls when they are about 17 months
old, believing that ' by that method we
get the - atmost profit out . of them.
By.- getting' them to laying early : and
keeping - them-, laying by -keeping the
birds healthy and stimulating the ovaries,
we get the cream of their egg-yield be
fore they moult the next fall, and then
market them. New England Farmer.
Infected Eastern Trees.
Information was received at the board
of horticulture a few days ago that three
carloads of peach trees had been shipped
from New York to San Jose, and that
the trees were Infected with the eastern
peach borer. Alexander Craw, executive
officer of the board, went down to San
Jose to Investigate, and, finding the In
formation to be correct, he had the trees
treated with a strong insecticide, which
will completely destroy, the pest.
B. W. Lelong, secretary of the board,
went down to Fasadena recently on a
slmilat errand. ' He has just returned,
and says he found three carloads of trees
sent to Pasadena from Georgia, all badly
Infected with peach-yellows'. The yellows
Is a fungoid disease and Is Incurable; so
the trees have been placed in quarantine
and ' will be returned to the shipper.
Both these diseases are contagious, and
if they once get a foothold in California
it will be extremely difficult to dislodge
then. Chronicle, Dec. 23.
Later Mr. Lelong denied that he had
discovered peach yellows at Pasadena
and Mr. Craw went down to investigate.
In some markets fowls cannot be ' sold
if drawn, while in others they must be
drawn, cleaned, and be perfectly fresh.
but the heads must be removed and the
shanks cut off at tha knees. The thieha
are then nicely passed into the skin near
the opening,- and the wings locked ( or
crossed L This must be dona under pen
alty or connscation, ana it is a practice
that la worthy of Imitation elsewhere, as
h Ttralls are the drst portions of the
-A to decompose. It is -Oao to the
- ,ge of the farme- --. he drawn
. be salted. '- - "to bear
SEATTLE SHAKEN UP.
A CkrUtnia Windjttorm Without
ceded In the Morthwest.
Seattle had a windstorm on Christmas
that she will not soon forget. The storm
broke early in the morning and con
tinued all day with undiminished fury.
The climax was reached about 5 a. in.
Vessels in the harbor were torn from
their moorings and tossed about like
corks. Large trees and telegrph and
electric wires were laid low. All railroad
travel was suspended and many build
ings were demolished. The damage was
George Bell, a woodchopper, was crushed
to death in his tent by a falling tree.
Magnus Nelson, a railroad laborer.
was struc I by a large Mr tree which
crushed his skull. Nelsen lived about an
hour. The tree was about fivo feet" in
diameter' and fell across the b.irn of Z.
T. Clark, on Melford street, crushed in
the roof, and a large beam in the peak
of the roof fell, killing a large dray
horse and fatally wounding another.
A fir tree, blown across the long trestle
on Deep ravine, on the Seattle, Lake
Shore and Eastern road, broke the trestle
completely in two and many large trees
wore blown across the track.
The Seattle and Northern road also
suffered great damage on the Snohomish
flats. The wind at Ballard lifted the big
pattern shop of the iron and steel works
from Us foundation and turned it part
way round, nearly wrecking It. At Red
mond, on the Seattle and Lake Shore road,
a barn was blown down and several cattle
were killed. In Snoqualmle county huge
trees were upturned and the wagon roads
were nearly all blockaded.
Seattle and Montana contiacUrs esti
mate the damage to the roadbed at $15,000.
EPIDEMIC OF CRIME.
Brutal Murders the Order In New Met Ico
A Christmas-time dispatch from Santa
Fe say : Mysteries thicken In Colfax
county. Two Mexicans were found dead
a week ago near an uremer lakes.
Their throats were cut and beside
them lay their rifles. They had not
been rot bed, for money was found In
the pockets of each of them. Then
followed the killing of old Julio Martinez,
living on the Point. He was called to
his door at night and shot down by per
sons on the outside. Deputy Sheriff G.
N. Cook is under arrest for this killing,
and says he had a warrant for Martinez'
arrest, issued by a Catsklll justice, and
fhot him while he was resisting service
of the same.
Another mystery is the disappearance
some six weeks ago of J. P. Jones, a
respected citizen residing on Verruljo
creek, and still another tragedy has oc
curred in the death of Mrs. Stockbridge
near Raton, who was dead and burled
seventeen days without the lntelilgeiiee
having been communicated to anyone
save her son. John Stockbridge, and his
An examination revealed the fact that
she had been beaten and strangled to
death by her son John, who is in jail.
At his preliminary he attempted to ex
plain that he had done everything under
the direction of God;-that he had not
worked for five years because God had
told him to use his efforts in another
way, and that he was trying to
evil spirits out of his mother,
brutal chastisements were done
Newfoundland Thrantens to Rebel.
By an old treaty between England and
France the French, besides retaining the
Islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon, were
given, temporarily, the right to land and
dry and salt fish along a strip of the
Newfoundland coast, and to fish along
that coast. Newfoundland fishermen
claimed the rlcht to fish in these same
waters and for a year or two French
fishermen have denied that right and
French war vessels have driven New
foundland fishers from the disputed ter
ritory. Newfoundland now demands that
French fishermen be excluded from her
shores and waters.
.The British government haa failed to
settle the controversy and now proposes
that it shall remain as it stands another
year while It settles the matter with
France on terms which may or may not
suit the Newfoundland parliament, and
at this announcement the Newfoundler
Newfoundland never joined the Doniln
ion federation, though strongly pressed
to do so, and now a leading paper voices
the popular sentiment when it says:
" We are determined that only one flag
shall fly over Newfoundland, and that
flag wilt be the Btars and stripes If En-
doea not do her duty. There Is a move
merit on foot in connection with this
matter that will startle the people when
" No arrangement entered Into by Great
Britain and France will be submitted to
for one day rmJese it Is assented to by the
Newfoundland parliament. The people
will defend tholr rights and franchises
alike against the Imperial government,
the aueen's naval officers and the sub
jects of France."
A Brother Discovery.
Emma Mather was killed Dec. 26 on
railroad bridge near Halifax, Pa.,, by
train running at a high-, rate of speed
She was half-way across it, and realizing
her danger attempted to drop through
the ties into the creek below.
The space was too narrow, - however,
and while she was trying v to squeeze
through the engine struck., her. All her
clothing was torn from her as tho. train
passed over, killing her instantly.' Her
body dropped into the creek and one of
the men who helped to carry the crushed
body to the shore stopped to see if he
could identify it. Suddenly he exclaimed :
,My God, it is my sister!" The girl was
23 years old. ' '-.'
Lima Beans, Dried. Soak one -pint as
beans In warm water over night. Iu the
morning drain off this water ml'- -cover
with fresh, warm water. Two hours be
fore dinner-time drain agaio cover them
with bolllDg soft water and boll thirty
minutes; drain again, cover with fresh,
boiling soft water and boll- until tender.
Add a teaapoonful of salt after they have
been boiling an hour. When done, drain
them, dredge with a tablespoonful of
flour; add one tablespoonful of butter, a
half-pintrof cream, salt and pepper t
taste; or, they may be eer vlth
ter, sail and pepper "K , .
such as butt"' . ..
Frer"- " ' ..., .'
So long as the influence of home and
mother surrounds the child It rarely goes
wrong, as most children or sixteen and
under are good and true; If, after leav
ing the Influence of the mother, they
withstand temptation until twenty they
seldom become other than good men and
When boys or girls leave home for
the harder battles ith lite if their tur
roundings are such that they have the
influence of good women about them
they do not easily become bad. It is
when the home counsels and influences
are withdrawn that we see them go down
You can scarcely find among all the
really great of earth one who did not
attribute to his mother's influence, pre.
cept and example the exalted position he
Women do right intuitively and shun
wrong more from instinct than men.
The man sits down and reasons the
matter where the woman is governed by
the shorter and usually mora accurate
route through her emotions.
As a rule the motherif she be what
the ninjority of our New England
mothers are teaches her children the
two most important factors in the form
ation of character, to obey and to work.
And obedience means something more
tuan forced and sullen doing of the things
commanded through fear of punishment.
but is a cheerful acquiescence in yield
ing to parents or teacher. Children are
easily tanght this, and if we go where
any number of them are together we can
select those who have been taught that
true obedience does not degrade but
strengthens and Improves. The same is
true of labor, and where the two are
properly united they make the strongest
factor in the formation of charcter. In
no place ia this matter so clearly Bhown
aa at school. It is not the precocious
scholar wno turns out the best one; it
more frequently happens that the one
who patiently and industriously studies,
whom we call hard to learn, is the be&t
educated, simply because he haa been
taught industry and obedience. Up to
this period the character of the chid
has been largely formed by the mother.
In going from the school to the shop
or farm the child is taken from the im
mediate influence of women, and unless
tha start has been right there is more or
less danger "of degeneracy. The neces
sary mingling with men of coarser fibre
shows another side to character than
that taught under the pure Influence of
home and too many youths get an idea
that it is smart and manly to disregard
early Instruction. Vice is concealed under
beauty, and character is oftentimes soiled
by a failure to comprehend that the
glitter is dross and not pure gold. Any
course of conduct derogatory to women
Is equally entitled to censure in men. Is
the influence of men upon cheracler and
society aa great for good as that of
women when they are credited with a
good character and tolerated in good
society with vicious habits clinging about
them? When character, and character
alone, shall be the open sesame to good
society we shall see less evil power in
the masculine influence than to-day. The
field of politics open to men ' and f om
which women are praetieally excluded
has much to do with character and
society. He who understands the differ
ent phases of political action and closely
studies the causes which affect measures
and men is a power socially, and many
recognize this without stopping to con
sider the character behind it.
In many places where men's influence
upon character and society '-exceeds that
of women the reason is simply because
our sisters fall to interest themselves In
questions vital to the interests of the
church and state, and in summing up
this question I am inclined to divide it
somewhat and claim that where the
judgment of character for purity, for
uprightness and true nobility is con
cerned women have made it and pre
served it. Where society has been, purged
of vicious surroundings and is free from
the taint of wickedness it is where women
have been no small factor in the work,
but where the judgment of character is
all formed by business successes and
worldly honors without regard to better
qualities, men have been the instruments
of Its creation, and society (which is
but the cover of immorality by some
other name ) men with their less noble
sisters compose It, and both alike should
have the censure of the good and true
of both sexes. From a paper read at
Worcester, Mass., grange.
Mechanical Help in Jlousework.
It has been said that baking would be
greatly simplified when a thermometer
could be attached to a stove to tell just
how hot the oven Is at the time the bread
or cake goes Into it, and also to in
dicate any variation , in the temperature
during the baking. The man who has
Invented such an accessory to the range
told tne recently that he was encouraged
to work upon this Invention by reading
so much about the need of it. Now that
he has succeeded In supplying the ap
parent demand, , he finds that ' the
women-folks are.slow In trying it."
He must wait patiently, for-, sometime
the oven thermometer will be considered
indispensable, and his own patent seems,
upon superficial examination, to have no
fault. But while the women beat their
cake with an iron spoon iustead of a
wooden one, make tea in a tin pot, sweep
their parlor carpets with a stub broom
instead'of ' a carpet sweeper, use cheap
soap arid boll their clothes, he must ex
pect to contend with conservatism. -'
So . many useless, household utensils
have been patented that jwomeTi are wary
of spending money for anything new; in
that line. ,
Some of these Inventions are useless
because the inventors are men not familiar
with household work: they-believed that
certain things might bo done more easily
and better and have tried by experiment
ing to bring this about.
An example of woman's success as an
inventor is seen in the handy nickel
plated wire soap holders. These holders
ate made adjustable to any tub, pail or
sink, and the demand for them is con
stantNew England Farmer.-
Ten thousand do"-""
head of Garclp s
2000 men .
How It Always Works.
They tried to choose
men to find.
Jury twelve honest
Distinguished for their absolute vacuity
One candidate was challenged because be
brousrht to view
Some little trace of Intellect and that would
The next was dropped directly, as quick aa
you could wink.
Because he said when he was young be some
times used to think.
The next was turned away in haste without a
For he imprudently confessed be once had
read a book.
A nig Monopoly.
t have taken many trips to destinations near
I have sailed In every kind of ship that plies
the restless main:
I have traveled iu an omnibus, a carriage,
and a car:
1 have pone to town on horseback and then
ridden home again.
But of all the many vehicles upon the land
A train of chairs that runs between the dining-room
Although you might not like It much, is cer
tainly to me
Jleyond a douht, the plcasantest conveyance
of them all. -
And the traiu-condactor goes around to
gather up the fares:
While the ding d'Hig and dell
Of the big dinner bell
In a mighty racket mingles with the crashing
of the chairs.
T. Jackson, in St, Nicholas.
THE UAILWAY (J110ST.
Wcstfield is an old, old town, and
the railroad has run through it for
many a year, now upon embankments
which tdopc to creeks and inlets, now
through narrow ents with high hills
rising sheer on cither side. ' Day alter
day, year after j'ar, the trains .go to
ami fro, and sometimes reckless way
farers are seen in tlie brightness of the
midday making tlso'r way from West
fielil to the nearest village, or return
ing, on the railrorttl "rack.
But tlii're arc few v. ho venture that
way after sundown. It is dangerous,
they sav. Many huvt; met their deaths
through folly of tli s kind. And this
is true. Neverthelo 8 there arc those
among them who aiv thinking of the
It is the ghost of a
.muan. A dozen
site died. And
years and more since
always at dusk that f.
, sad wraith
floats to and fro over l:n shining sreel
rails t:tat run down -;ty ward from
Westticld between the high rocks and
beneath the first dark an-h of stone; it
is there the white sli;i;e floats and
fades and reappears. For it was at
that spot . . . Tlier,: is - a curve
immediately !eyond the bridge, an.i
all shut in by rock. Yo;t e.-tn scarce
breathe, having heard the first dull
roar of the approaching; traiu, ere it
is upou you, U-apitig and shrieking,
aud the carriages dattee by like mad
But the p.tle ghost kuo.vs no fc:tr.
It lingers there as vt-r. And fourteen
years ago there was no ghost.
Let us turn b.tck fourteen j"c.ir3 and
read the storv.
It is uiorn.ng in June. M.rnnig in
the great city. The sun shines sweet
ly, the leaves of ivy and wisteria si;. tu
rner in the soft wind, where the titlck
vines hat e hidden sombre iiro.vu stone
Innmmi-r:i!!o aggressive sparrows
compete, carriages clatte r through the
t-lose-bu.it erosi-strt,vts o;-v.-as'o.ta!'y.
and a hami-or-.-t.s mi:!ch i-iv is m;as
uring off vard-ie.iglhs vt Tiis Little
l'wo people hear the tune as they
starxl smiling in e:tf i others eyes.
Tiiev stand near the window in the
tlran injr-roouj of nno of those fine
brown stone, wisteria-mantled man
sions. Tho window is opened n little.
and the tune comes up in blithe stac
cato; one almost hears the words:
Pee how his face h covers.
He was tin- pr.nee of lovers.
The two people stand smiling a lit
tle longer; then the man tnrns from
I must go," he says. ''Everything
is prepared. Yon will not fail at the
last moment? You will lot be afraid?"
He is tall, and dark, and large-
framed; she is slight, ami fair, and
She looks at him with great shining
eves of azure.
"Oh no." she says; "I will not fail.
I am a woman."
"Then a? reroirVhesavs. "At three.
I will meet the cab at the station.
"Gootl-bve," she savs, audwatches
him go out and down the sunny street.
"He was the prince of loversrl the
hand-organ flings it at Jaer from the
distance. And she hums the tune as
she goes about her task. Her task is
great, yet little. Only to write a let
ter the briefer the "better. AH else
is complete. Her ' traveling-bag
packed. She is ready to go to leave
all for him whom she loves. "
The letter is brief." She writes
without a tear or pang.
"George, it says, "l have gone
for ever. Do not seek me. I have
never loved you. - No one is to blame.
I was never happy as your wife." .V
"" . . Irene
As the clock " strikes the' half -hour
before three,'-She'" places' the letter
where it shall easily bo" found,- "and
goes out into-the suushine goes -out
from her husband's home for ever.
The lovers travel far away; they
journey unmolested, even by con
science. The woman is happy in her
choice. " They have no wealth corn
pared with that once hers. But they
have each other.
Months slip bv. They rarely speak
of the past. But at length she says to
him one day:
"George could not have cared much.
He will soou rut the legal knot.. And
we ea'n be married, can't ye, Francis?"
: "Yes." he answers carelessly.
Other months slip by... The ."lovers
tire of journeying. They drift back to
Lie great city, out somehow do not
care to rest t here. ; .- It is anether J une.
more stilti'y atui like midsummer.
Wo will go, to, Rome near town
gome quiet - wsttei-side-", place,".' he de
cides. And she fccfees with him. He
will f e-ehter -business hi the city; he is
tired of idleness, he-says.
". ltis in the old . town of Westfield
that they chance to find that which
they sec kl A house upon a hillside
looking one way dowu . upon '" the dis
tant railroad and one way dowu upon
llio green sea water.
It is. a pr-ettv house when all is fixed
and fitter!. But it is lonesome very.
lonesome for the woman who Js-l''
much alone, while he isu ' ,
city: Left all alo'pi-""' . ...
valit and . , ;
spunk," . ..:.' r.
no relic?. They only serve to ci .
waning love. . .-.-- -
Deeper and deeper grows th ,
ow, colder and. colder grows his
until one day comes the end. V'e'i " " .
of her gloom and tears he pcaks
sharp reproaches, and they part
bitter anger. He goes off to thecif
ml she sits nursing her dull liea- .
ache all day long.
Evening comes, but he does not.
turn. She watches and listens, butl
oes not come. She will not .
er fast or quench her thi"""" -
does not come. She hears ; .
conic thundering in and p . - . -r. --
his footstep, but she bears
Quieter and quieter it grt. '- " - - :
waits for the midnight tr. - w
watches at the gate, watches ,
as far as she can see in the clo..-- ".
She whispers his name over.
over, "Jtrancis, trancis! and pi
with him to come to her once m -
'I will never speak impatiently agf -
never weary you, if you wul o.
come," the says. "Only come, Franc
my love, myall: j
1 here is a great agony in hej err -
but he does not come. Theiast trait. ' .
is in. ihereare no more trains til
morning. Why does jfot the mora inf
come? Oh, why? She , flings hersel.
upon the earth and grovels in her, .
terror and suspense. 'Francis, mjy"
love, my. love! Only come back to V .
And dawn breaks and 'the sun if
risen, and happy day smiles u poii th
earth. But he has not returned. 1
The servant goes about the house V
singiug a careless song. Does the ser- (i
vant know the mistress agony?
I owara noon the servant goes dowa -
to the village postofBce and presently,.
returns witn a letter. . -
"Give it to me," the mistress saysA-
her face whiter than the white sails on
the distant water. V
She is cold and dead at heart. She
knows his handwriting. She : mu-st
read and live or die. X
The words must burn through her
eyes and fire her brain. Yet she does
not cry out or fall swooning. She
only reads and reads again his cold
"Better for us to part-J""atoTfe m Mm
We have made a mistake. . . Before"?
reading this you will have heard of
vour husband's suicide. You drove
him to it, He was a good husband to ';
vou and yoa deceived him. We might
live on togetner even now, when, love
is dead, but you could hardly expect
me to respect you, knowing your crime
towards him. ... For my part I am
1 he servant had gone away, and th
woman who read this fell down on her f
face upon the floor. f .
"God !" she eried huskily; "my crime! f
He told me what to do. He urged me- -.-.
he implored. It was for his sake V -
that I sinned, and now be turns to :
She had cried her last strength of
passion out with these few husky m
words. Now she lay silent for a
time. It was the end. She saw that
his love was dead and he cou!4 not re
spect her. She would not have him
come back to her now, not fo;a'i -f
wealth of the universe. She,- -
not have him back. But how
without him? How to live, t
to breathe? How to keep fron
ing to heaven to let her die?
Francis loved her noltngefv
end had come. It was Nemesis.
had wronged her husband;-that huV"M!
band's death avenged the wrong. AH
was over, and welcome death at any ;
The afternoon had dragged to its .
elose: the sun had set, and a soft breeze :
t-.rrert me glorious trees m the road.
A slender form went out of tle house.
and dowu the path, and through .the ;
gate. She did not look back, though
she knew she was going out lor ever. 7
She did not turn her white pinched ; '""
face upward for any starlight to bless.
She walked with head bent clown, oold,
as if half dead already. -V
Sometimes she said over to herself
her name, "Irene," and his name. r
Dusk was fully come as she left the
road and went slowly down the rail
road track towards the dark shadow
of the deep cut.
Into the shadow she passed slowly, t
resolutely, untremblingly. ' ' t
The train sped swiftly along, - One J
man sat with head thrown batk and
eyes fixed upon the car-lamps. '
"It is quite dark by this tiir3Tw "
s;iid. 1 wonder if she i-fn-io- r.
wonder if she has eripd much, ard if ,
she is wishing fo-e-Hie to come now. .
I shouldn t have written that let. ;
Bsc she'll forgive roe. . . . No; I wa$j ,
a brute, I suppose. . . Still sh
made me so mad. And that interna .
suicide. ... She loved mc Ter
much; she must have loved me Xo r
with me. " Well, it's all . over no) w
He's dead. We'll marry and she'll g. '
over shedding tears and mopis
She'll get over ft when her health; .'
better. . ". -. I wish I hadn't writ
that letter. I'll not do it again. .
must have loved me very much..''
don't suppose, in her place, I'd hi'
made he sacrifice. And she's jb?
very true and good to me." I
There was a queer vibration c. "V
car. He stopped thinking and -Tlie
train was coming to an t": a -stop-
This was not a station. s .
were not yet at "Westfield. . Han -i- ...
thing happenedVVany accident? t s ".
The train had come to a f ull
It was backing up now quite slo."-
He' thought he would go out f"4 , -platform
and see what the trout
or had been. - J
-. He shivered a little at what hi ' i
Someone walking upon the tr
been struck and killed. ' .
- By-and-by, after considerafel
he saw them lifting a white ' .
carrying it upon a stretcher. .
They took it into the gu
He hurried forward from hU
as the train began slowly to
ward. - , ' ..
And now he shuddered .' ,. , ".
more. For someone said: -young
and beautiful."- An -else,
"Mangled! No, nc
much." And still another ' - -"Yellow
hair in o.-"""
form " - ; .
HehivS- - - .