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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 7, 1890)
He who thinks to please the World is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind.
LEBANON, OREGON, FKID AY, NOVEMBER 7, 1890.
EAST A2sD SOUTH
Southern Pacific Route.
THK MOUNT SHASTA ROUTE.
EXPRESS TBATXS LEA VI pOBTI-OtP PAltTt
4:00 P. M. I l.v
9 :iS P. SI. 1 Lv
7 : A. M-1 Ar
Portland Ar) 9;S A. M
Albany Ar ( :H A. M
San Francisco Lv 9 a P. St.
Above trains stp only at the following stations
north 1.1 Roseburg : East Portland, Oregon Wty.
u-vvihnn. saim Albanv. Tail ewnl. fcneaas.
Hsl-sey, Harrlsbuig, JuncUon Ct.jr. Irving and
Rosebus; Mall Dally.
A. K. lv Portland Ar L
1S:40 P. K. Lv Albany Ar la 0 X.
e :00 P. St. 1 Ar Boseourg Lv I e A. .
Albany Local Dally (Except bnnday.)
6 i O P. Ji. Ev Portland v Ar I 9 :00 A. X.
8-jJO p. St. Ar Albany Lv I 6 .00 A. X
Local Passenger Trains Daily Except
liOP. HILT ' Albany Ar 1 9:25 A. xl
a S4 P. X. I Ar Lebanon Lv 8 .40 A. X.
Ifl0i..Lf Albany Ar , 4 :i6 P. X.
8:33 A. St. I AT iA-banon Lt 3 :0 P. X.
PULLMAN BUFFET SLEEPERS.
Tourist Sleeping Cars
Tor accommodation of Second Class Pascgers.
attac ed to Express trains.
WEST SIDE D1Y1SIOX.
BETWEEN PORTLAND AXD COKYaLLIS.
Mali Train Dally (Except Sunday.)
11 :10 P.
Arl 5:30 P. X.
At Albany and Corrallls connect with trains of
Oregon Paclflc Bauroao.
(Express Train Dally Except Sunday.)
4 :40 P.
8:20 A. X.
5:15 A. X.
M-TTiTrmo tickets to all Doints East and South
For tickets and loll Information regarding
rates, maps, etc., call on Co's agent at Mtdfiao.
it KF-nI..K. E. f. KIH,EKn
Manager. Asst. &. F. & P. Agt
OR. C. H. DUCKETT,
D EN T I ST,
EEBAKON, OK ECO X.
J. K. WEATHERFORD,
ATTORNEY- AT - LAW,
Office over First National Bank.
.AXJBAXT. - - - - - OREGOST
W. R. PILYEU,
ATTORNEY- AT- LAW.
G. T. COTTON,
Croceries and Provisions.
Tobacco and Cigars,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Queensware and Glassware, Lamps and
PAY CASH FOR EGGS.
Main Street. Lebanon, Oregon
R. L. McCLRUE
(Successor to C. H. Harmon.)
Barter : and : Hairdresser.
Shaving. Haircutting and Shampoo
ing in the latest and best style. Spec
ial attention paid to dressing Ladies
hair. You patron age respectfully so
J. L. COWAN.
i. M. RALSTON.
Bank of Lebanon,
Transacts a General Banking Business.
KEPT SUBJECT TO
Exchange eold on New York, San
Francisco, Portland and Albany, Org.
Collections made on favorable terms
f -4 i
W --is i
Ashland, Or, owns new water worts.
Marysville Is troubled with Incendiary
The Great Falls (Mont.) strike was a
The American hotel at Seattle was
burned Oct. 23.
There were 110 exhibits at the San
Bernardino baby show.
George Francis Train has left Tacoma
and gone east to reside.
A clav bank caved on John Hedges at
Riverside and killed him.
Ventura county has 6S4 more registered
voters than two years ago. -
The western slope of Bdllnaa ridge has
been swept by a forest tire.
Chin Ah Junsr killed Wong Ah Sic 8t
Orland Oct. 2 and escaped.
Brakeman "William Bates was killed by
the cars at Geneva, Cal Oct. 23.
William Mercer's arm was cut off In a
sawmill near Woodf..rd, Nev, Oct. 20.
Stillman. who killed John D. Fiske at
Fresno, goes to the state prison ft)' Hie.
Thit-tv tons of beeswax went east from
San Juhego in one snipmeni rae otuer uay
-. . . . . . . . . ,
Mexico has contracted for $500,000
worth of improvements in San Bias har
The Santa Fe and Atlantic and Pacific
vard switchmen at. Albuquerque struck
D. A. Reynolds, a drunken tough, was
killed by Alexander Graydon at Globe,
Ar, Oct. 21.
Ventura county recently had thirteen
burglaries m fourteen aays ana no dut
glars were caught.
Five-year-old Lida S. Cohrs of Seattle
poured coal oil on tne nre ami k
burned to death Oct. 21.
Two Mexiean shepherds were hor
libly mangled a few miles south of Sii
ver City by Indians Oct. 22.
A band or four Apaches is raiding in
Sierra and Grant counties, "N. M, and
has recently killed four whites,
T. A. Harms of Pleasanton was thrown
from a wagon while the horses were
running away Oct. 21 and killed.
James Haahes' coat causrht in the ma
chinery of a shake mill at Crescent City,
Cal, and his arm was pulled out.
James Stewart attempted to steal
ride at Salt Lake Oct. 24 and fell be
tween two cars and was cut in two.
John McCoy, living ten miles south
Sprague, Wn, fell from a loaded wagon
Oct. 23 and was run over and Killed
Two men and a woman gagged, bound
and robbed J. W. Tway in his house at
Albuquerque Oct. 24. they got iiw,
Jose Yorba, who killed Jesus Figueroa
at San Gabriel last June, has been ac
quitted on the ground of self-defense.
TT Ruse knocked R. W. Lewis down
the other day at Winnemueca and Lewis
got drunk and shot Rose dead Oct. 23.
W. RusselL nierht fireman at the Crown
paper mills. Oregon City, fell eighty feet
irom a Diatiorm ucu zi ana was smm
The 14-month-old chi'i of M. V. Sam
uels upset a kettle of boiling water upon
Itself at Maricopa. Ar, and was scalded
Four loaded freicht cars were backed
into the Columbia river at Kalama Oct.
21 and three, with their contents, were a
Haywards imposed a license tax on all
insurance comrjanles doing business in
that town and tne companies raiseu rates
25 per cent.
Isaac Boles, 73 years old, was choked
ts fionth In th Sierra county hospita'
Oct. 19 while trying to eat some of the
beef supplied there.
A imnanv has been incorporated at
San Diearo to build & railroad to Galves
ton. It will commence with a line to
the Jamul cement works.
Moriwnthii' candle works. In San
Franei.PO. worth $100,000. were burned
Oct. 22. Four cottages and the Pacific
mattress works went also.
Juan Barela of Tome. X. M, got drunk
on win Oct. 21 and started to walk home
al.ine the railroad track to his bride of
a week but was run over and killed.
Pascale, an Indian who killed J. M
Dunn In the Flathead country a year
ago, has oeen trieu at aiissouia ana con
victed oi murder in tne nrst uegree.
Ftfteen-vear-old Llovd Smith was rae
inir horse with another noy at. oantn
Ana Oct. 23 when the animal mi-n roue
fell and threw him, crushing his sauii.
The Union iron works, ban Francisco.
propose to put in a plant lor making
heavy ordnance If they can get some of
the contracts the government is letting.
Robert Gordan. the San Francisco tai
lor, has failed and his divorced wife says
he has sriven his brother Jacob notes for
several thousand dollars to oerraua nis
John Chart fatally shot George John
son at Prescott in the presence or sev
eral witnesses and a coroner's jury found
a verdict, that the shot was nred by un
Ramon Lopez and Edwardo Espinosa.
murderers, were taken from Santa Bar
bara to the Los Angeles county jail Oct
21 just in time to save them from
Sausalito had two fatal cases of diph
therla and investigation showed that
the victims several times a day passed
stagnant and filthy pool between their
homes and tne scnooi.
Stephen M. M. Irvin of Highlands was
married Oct. 25 at the San Bernardino
district fair to Mrs. Manda Coffey
Bloomfield, Ia who arrived from
east at noon of that day.
Six tramps tried to wreck a train be
tween Sausalito and San Rafael Oct. 21
because thev had been put off a preced
ing train. They put a steel rail across
the track, but it was discovered and they
A barn on L. M. HickmaL.'3 ranch
sixteen miles from Modesto, was burned
Oct. 2L with forty-seven horses and
mules, belonging to Hitchew & Meadows,
contractors on the Turlock canal, and
valued at $5000, in it.
John Bolton, 15 years old, accidentally
blew his head off while riding on horse
back from Payson to Salem, Utah, Oct.
24. and thu horse stood still with the
corpse on its back several hours till the
tragedy was discovered.
A cabin attached to White & I)e Hart'
lumber mill near Watsonville was burned
in the evening Oct. 24 and Frank Soto
perished in it. The other occupant,
Charles Manzaman, was found wander
ing about the hills, fast asleep. .
It is announced that the building of
the Santa Fe railroad's extension to ban
Francisco will begin Jan. 1. The first
section is ninety miles, from Rogers.
twentv miles east of Mojave, to Bakers-
fie'd. and work will begin on both ends
of it at once.
Mattie Scott, colored, who killed ber
lover, Willis Scott, In a disreputable
bouse at Tacoma last April and myste
riously disappeared, hus returned
stand trial. She says that the killing
was accidental and that she left on an
early train before the officers discovered
it and went to Texas.
Mrs. John Gridley of Ashland, Or, ate
bread in which blue vitriol had been
mixed and died Oct. 21. Her three chil
dren were also poisoned but recovered.
She claimed that the poisoning was ac
cidental, but as her husband had deserted
her and the family was destitute this is
A band of forgers who were about to
pass bogus letters of credit in the name
" f Drexel, Morgan & Co. In Madrid, Mar
Liege, Coblentz and other Euro
'es has been broken up. Men
. Vd in the cities named, and
he gang's headquarters.
i '. 7o-vear-old artist, and
. " . 74-year-old. picture
' with soma of the
"-rgerles in their
Von Moltke Is 90. "
Osman Digna gains ground.
The king of Vltu will fight the English.
The Irish land league Is out of funds.
Express rates have been raised in the
Cal fomla on wheels Is coming home
The Diss Debar la practicing elalrvoy-
ancy In Brooklyn.
Japan has had 35,000 cholera cases, of
which 23,500 were fatal.
Twenty blocks of Mobile were burned
Oct. 26. Loss $750,000; Insurance $400,000.
The Emrllsh market demanded 50 per
cent for taking tne new Portuguese loan.
Settlers in the western parr of Okla
homa are suffering for food and cloth
ing. Kritrands plunder most of the caravans
which pasa between Erzeroum and Trebl
zond. The Fenians have decided that here
after al their meetings shall be open to
Our irovernment indorses Mizner a
course In connection with the murder of
Mayor Patrick J. Gleason of Long Isl
and City is in jail for assaulting a news
Senatur Blackburn of Kentucky was
thrown from a buggy the other day and
his shoulder was broken.
The czar's car was fired at at Goodno
the other day as he was returning from
nuu lug trip in ruiuuu.
Another supposed vi.-tlm of the Mafia
In New Orleans has been found floating
n the river, tied up in a sack.
Th London trades council has sent
$70,000 to the striking miners in Aus
tralia and promises fluo.ooo more.
At Booneville. Mo, H. S. Hines and
F. B. Huffman have been held for rob
bing the Missouri Pacido at OcterviHe,
The statement that the Germans at
Bacamovo had isued a decree permitting
the sale of slaves is authentically denied.
Four men are charged with the mur
der of Chief of Police Hennessy in New
Orleans and eleven with being accessory,
The federated British shipowners are
discusaiuir a ceneral lockout to break
down the federation of maratlme labor
The Standard oil monopoly Is reducing
the prce paid to producers from 30 cents
barrel down, lhe price to consumers
John Fox poured oil of vitriol over hia
mistress. Mrs. Kohler, In Chicago Oet.
25. frightfully burning her, because of
Michael Brazell's body was found lyiDg
in his yard at Desplaines, III, Oct. 22,
with the skull split open and the pock
The new French tariff places cereals.
liv stock and meat in the list of articles
the duty on which may not be reduced
The Western Union telegraph company
is discharging those operators in Chicago
who are active members oi tne teleg
Michael O'Grady, the Fenian leader
and advocate of dynamite, was bured
to death in a tenement-house tire in
Brooklyn Oct. 23.
The supply of natural gas at Pittburg
proves Insufficient and it has been shut
off from the 1000 puddling furnaces that
used if lor ruei.
Three men robbed te occupants of
Pullman car of $'500 near San Antonio.
Tex, Oet. 23 and jumped from the mov
ing train and disappeared.
The duke of Marlborotgh acted in such
an ungentlemanly way while attending a
theater at New nrk with his wife Oct.
24 that the audience hissed him.
A law taxing express companies 2 per
cent of their receipts for carrying freight
over leased lines in Kansas has been
sustained by the federal circuit court.
Boodler MeGaiigle of Chicago the other
nay attempted to shake hands with bher-
iff Matson. from whom he escaped a few
years ago, and Matson knocked him
The British government will relieve
distreea caused by the failure of the po
tato crop in Donegal county, Ireland, by
spending $2,900,000 in railroad building
Riots and conflicts between soldiers
and peasants are reported in varions
parts of Russia, and tne t risons are full
of suspects, mostly young men of edu
Albert Ludermeyer of Kewaunee, Wis,
quarreled with his young wife about the
quantity of potatoes they should lay In
for winter and snot and Killed her and
The Allan steamship line agreed with
its employee tu submit their differences
to arbitration, but hen this was done
the employes broke faith and refused to
abide by the decision.
A passenger train and a freight train
met in a tunnel near Somerset, Ky, Oct.
22, and were wrecked and nearly entirely
destroyed by fire. Six persons were
killed and six badly injured.
The woman ho wrote for the Oakland
Times over the name of " Sophie Search,"
Mrs. Harlow Davis, has been arrested,
with her husband, at Omaha for writing
obscene blackmailing letters.
Walter James Lyons, who caught his
mother and Quartermaster Sergeant
John Stewart of the royal artillery hold
ing improper relations in London and
killed the sergeant, has been convicted
An English company offers to con
nect Prince Edward island with the Ca
nadian mainland by a railway tunnel
costing $17,000,000 if Canada will guar
antee 6 per cent for 100 years on that
amount of bonds.
A hurricane struck a balloon in which
three aeronauts had risen from Paris
Oct. 22 and carried it 150 miles to the
northeast, where 'the occupants were
thrown out and badly injured, but;
strangely enough, they were not killed.
Thomas J. Mins and Miss Gertrude
Pitman were married in front of the
grand stand at Birmingham, Al, at the
state fair Oct. 24, In the presence of
10,000 people, and then went up in a bal
loon which landed them on the top of a
mountain seventeen miles away.
Three hundred Polos, attempting to
reach Prussian territory from Russia
Oct. 24, with intent to emigrate o Bra
zil, were ordered back by the Russian
frontier guard, and, refusing to go back,
were fired on and six men, two women
and one child were killed.
The chemist at the Quaker City dye
works, Philadelphia, has been experiment
ing with a new dye. The ingredients
foi med a compound that produced prus
stc acid, some of which leaked Into the
dressing-room of the employes, four of
whom were poisoned, two fatally it was
thought, by inhaling the fumes.
Jimmy Hope, the burglar, who served
a term in San Quentin and was then
taken to New York to answer to the
charge of complicity in the Manhat
tan bank robbery, but cou'd not be held,
is raising cattle In South America. He
has just secured the release of his son
John in consideration or the return ot
the bonds stolen irom the bank. John
went to Sing Sing for twenty years In
1S79 for the Manhattan job.
A Santa Fe vestibule train left the
track and was completely wrecked near
Waukesha. Kas.. Oct. 24. and twenty
two persons were injured, among them
E. M. Beaslee and Airs. George Turley
of Fresno. Mrs. J. White and 1.1 zabetli
Babbett of Oakland and S. Sylvester or
Jack the Ripper notified the London
police Oct. 23 by a letter that he had
returned from a visit to Ireland and
would do some work in Hamnetead and
andsworth. The next evening between
6 and 7 a woman was found In the middle
of the street at Hampstead with her
head cut ulrnost -off, but she had first
boe,n killed by blows on the b&ck of the
head, which is not Jack's wav, and the
uim was traced to a Mr. Piercy.
SEEKING HIDDEN TREASURE.
A WllUrat Scheme to Recover a Pirate's
Captain Rotert Annett la fitting out at
New York an expedition to search for
nine earthen jars, each as high as a man
and filled with Spanish doubloons, which
.Captain Morgan, a pirate, is reported to
have hidden many years ago on Santa
Catallna, an island a mile In circumfer
ence in the Caribbean sea. When Mor
gan was captured by a British man-of-
war he offered to tell where the treasure
was hidden if his lire was spared, but
the offer was declined and he was exe
cuted. John Curry of Kingston, Jamaica,
claims that he landed on the island from
a Spanish vessel in search of food and
water, found the treasure and carried
off $10,000, all he could conveniently
carry. In five years be spent all the
money and when he returned for more
he was arrested and taken to Asplnwall,
where the Spanish authorities tried to
make him reveal the hiding-place of the
treasure, but he refused. British Consul
Com p ton interfered and he was released.
For this favor Curry told Compton or
his find. Compton spent all his fortune
fitting out an expedition to search for
the treasure, but when he reached the
Island Curry refused to reveal its where
abouts. Search was u na vailing and Comp
ton committed suicide.
Arnett got a permit to hunt on the
island and went there in 13S7 in the
yacht Maria. TheSpanish became suspi
cious, however, and sent a man-of-war
to investigate. While she approached
one side of the Island Arnett failed away
from the other in the Maria, which was
wrecked soon after and went to the bot
tom, tho crew being saved by a passing
shlP- ' -
Havoc Wrought by a Fnrlons Atlantic
A terrific storm raged along the Atlan
tic eoat Oct. 23. At Sandy Hook the
New Jersey Southern railroad track
was damaged a good deal by the waves.
At Seabright, Monmouth and Galilee
there were heavy washouts. Long Branch
suffered mo:e than for years past. Sev
eral vessels foundered along the coast
and many small beats were destroyed.
The furious storm extended as far south
as Norfolk, Va, where on the 24th -the
passengers on board the steamer Vir
ginia, while she was on her way down
the bay, . were very badly frightened.
The waves broke over the deck, flooding
the downstairs saloon, and the port
wheelhouse was crushed by a heavy sea
and the joiner work on the port ftlde
s tattered, and before the vessel reached
Norfolk all the passengers had on life
preservers and were begging the captain
to beach her.
The steamer Lahn, from Bremen with
Z2ti cabin and 7o6 steerage passengers.
arrived off Sandy Hook at midnight.
The waves were making a clean breach
over her. Hying clear over the bridge,
and the captain gave up the attempt to
make port. He swung her around, thrust
her nose into the teeth of the gale and
forged out to sea. and not until seventy
miles off shore did he dare to lie to for
At Revere beach, Boston, the wiud
and high tide played havoc. The Woburn
bouse was lifted from its foundations
and settled deep In the sand. Many
other buildings were partially wrecked
and several small vessels were driven
A Lowell Heroine.
Eighteen-year-old Mamie Connolly of
Lowell, Mass, heard a burglar in her
father's house at 2 In the morning Oct.
25. She arose and, making her way to
her father's smoking-room, she took
a revolver from a drawer and pro
ceeded to the room from which the noise
bad come. Here she saw that the in
truder had entered the main portion of
(he house. She fol'owed and found him
rifling her father's desk.
" Surrender or 111 shoot t " shouted
Mamie. The fellow sprang at her, but
she put two bullets Into him. His pal
who was watching outside, rushed In to
the rescue, but when he faced Mamie's
smoking revolver he weakened and began
begging fot mercy. She made him sit
down till the male occupants of the
house arrived and he was handed over
to the police.
The man she shot proved to be a no
torious Boston crcok named Tobin. One
of the bullets went through him lust
above the left lung.
Mrs. Murket of McClelland town. Pa,
was attacked by two men one night last
August and tortured and robbed. Her
assailants threatened to burn her to
death. A month later they visited her
again, tied her to the bed, saturated her
clothing with coal oil and threatened to.
set It on fire. They finally left her
more dead than alive. She Identified her
assailants as John Dean and Reuben
Bowers and they were arrested and sent
to jail to await trial. Dean recently got
out on $3000 bail, and early in the morn
ing of Oct. 25 an attempt was made to
burn her and her house, but she discov
ered the fire and it was put out. No
motive for these crimes is known except
robbery at first and revenge afterward.
Persecuted by Suicides.
Two men had committed suicide in
George Belfel's saloon in Seattle before
John Hansen got drunk - last summer
and walked Into the saloon and took fif
teen morphine pills In a glass of beer.
Relfel thought there was a conspiracy
among the suicides to all die In his place,
and In his wrath he hauled Hansen out
and threw him under the sidewalk to die.
But this suicide did Belfels more harm than
the other two, for Mrs. Hanjen has just
got judgment against tho saloonkeeper
for $5875 for not having her husband
pumped out and saving hia life.
Frozen, to Death. .
William Nichols end his 16-year-old
daughter were each driving a team from
Folsom to Iiatan, N. M, Oct. 2 when a
blizzard came on and thy lost sight of
each other and It was a difficult task to
keep the trail. After a hard siege, when
Nichols got home he was surprised to
find that his daughter had not arrived,
as she had been ahead of him on the
road. She was found the next day, froien
to death, having lost the trail.
Pedro will probably go home to Brazil
ana apena ma aeeunuie yr ia vum.
The frequent failures of the Delaware
peach crop in recent years are probably
duo to soil exhaustion. Callfornhins
should learn a lesson from this. Our
soils may be richer than those o Dela
ware evw were, but they are not inex
haustible, and the use of fertilizers is
becoming more and more frequent. Ro
tation of crops is easy with plants as
short lived as peach -trees, and is always
beneficial to the Boil, but It alone will
not keep up the fertility. Our aorlcul
tural colleges and experiment station
ought to be able to tell us what elements
of the Delaware soil have been exhaust
ed and how to restore them or to render
them available if they lie insoluble in
Petaluma potato growers are getting
about two-thirds of a crop. At the prices
likely to be real'zed this will pay well.
Potatoes, one year with another, are as
profitable a crop as can be raised by
those who have a suitable soil for them.
always, of course, excepting our phenom
enal fruit crops. But one must know how
to succeed, even In raising potatoes. A
great many think anything will do for
seed potatoes provided it is the right va
riety. They plant little refuse tubers
that have been rejected as .untlt for
cooklnsr, or seed ends cut off from t bers
the bulk of which have been cooked, or
knobby, gnarly, unsaleable refuse, or
potatoes that have sprouted and grown
unUl their vitality has been exhausted,
and then wonder that like begets like.
Large, handsome, well-kept tubers, put
Into a strong, sweet and hot too heavy
soil, are seldom a failure.
- How Milk U Made.
All the milk of cows is made In a most
mysterious way. The elaboration is ef
fected in two glands called the udder.
You can take one gland from the other
without rupturing the remaining one.
There is no organic or distinct division
between the two quarters of each gland.
The milk In the gland is elaborated
from the blood, a physiological process
but little understood. That being so, it
becomes necessary for every dairyman
to so treat, feed, water and shelter ha
cows that they will have wholesome, vig
orous blood coursing in their veins. Tr e
blood from which the milk is formed
enters the glands by two large arteries.
Alongside the arteries runs a large vein
and nervous cord; Numerous ducts rise
from the milk cisterns at the top of the
teats; they ppread through the whole
surface ot the udder. A small portion or
the blood exudes or nercolates through
the membrane that lines these ducts and
Beginning from the bottom the teat,
there is an opening which stays closed
without any ffort on the part of the
animal, therefore the mil - does not leak.
If "his muscle relaxes the milk will drop
out. At the top of the teat there is an
other valve, over which the cow exer
cises some control. She can close it and
hold the milk above that valve; tiien a
man may tug all be likes .and can get
nothing while the cow holds up her
milk. When the cow has this valve
eloeed it Is mainly owing to undue ex
citement. When the -ow Is much ex
cited the lack Of nervous equilibrium
will make her close this valve and shut
off the milk flow.
There are a great many tiny cells on
the inside of the ultimate follicles of the
milk ducts They are so small that If
you measure a row of them not one inch
in lemcth you will find 3000 or 5)00 of
them. They each grow a bud ; that bud
grows larger and larger until it becomes
a globule, and these globules furnish
the fat of the milk. These tiny glcbules
drop and trickle down the milk tubes
and come down with the rest of the
miik. Professor Robertson of Ontaii-j.
Three years ago we imported a large
number of cuttings of both the commer
cial and the wild fig of Smyrna through
onr agent, whom we sent to Asia Minor
for the express purpose of obtaining
them. The cuttings were only Becu'ed
after confeiuerable trouble, as'the Smyrna
people are very Jealous of the fig indus
try and do not hesitate to place any ob
stacle In the way of any one who seeks
to introduce their fig in any other local
ity. The mature figs which I have pro
duced this year were produced from these
I claim that the figs, which I have
dried, are " the true Smyrna figs." The
seeds are perfect, the skin Is thin, the
flavor Is the same as that of tho im
ported and they are equal In all essen
tlal poiiU. My experiments have proven
conclusively to my mind that without
caprificatlou the Smyrna fig cannot be
produced, and that In this respect alone
the Smyrna fig differs from all other
varieties. Of the twenty odd kinds which
I have growing and bearing on my place
all have matured fruit, none of which,
however, contains seeds having germin
ating power. The Smyrna fig, sing ularly
enough, will drop its fruit unless the
flowers are fertilized. On the tree from
which I took the figs of which I have
spoken there were several hundred, all
of which dropped to the ground when
small with the exception of the four
fruits Into which I introduced the pollen
of the wild flg. These four remained
on the tree until fully matured and
ready to dry, and then fell.
In tho green state the fruit ordinarily
resembles tho White Adriatic, both in
shape and In the color of the skin. The
pulp, however, is of a rich amber color
and is of rather inferior flavor, the deli
cate taste being acquired only arter hav
ing been drlod. George C. Brooding of
Fresno Id California Fruit Grower.
Singular Horse Disease.
A disease is . prevalent among the
horses In the vicinity of Colvllle, Wn,
which, It not properly attended to, Is
fatal. It closely resembles lung fever,
but treatment for that ailment is una
vailing. It is supposed to result ,'rom
swallowing the dust from dry lead and
silver ore. The afflicted animal will stand
In the same position for two or three
days, with the ears cold and drooped and
legs cold to the second joint, and sel
dom rise after the first fall. An exam
ination of several victims or . the disease
showed the throats to be lined with
small cancers or boils, while the lungs
were merely a decayed, discolored inass ,
resembling so much clotted blood. -
C. D. Everett's house at Haywards was
burned Oct. 25 and Mrs. Everett narrowly
eaeaped belnr burnad to dath.
About Those Spheres.
Forest Gbove, Oct. 24.
Mr. Editor : I never thought I would
take to writing for the papers, but I
hare read and heard so much lately
about woman's sphere and some of the
things written have been so outlandish
that I conclude! I would have my say
if you don't object. If you do I can
only protest; I can't appeal to a higher
tribunal to compel youto print what I
write. When an editor devotes time and
space to telling what Is womau's sphere
I always want to ask hhn if he is sure
he has a sphere himself, and, if he hut
and it d.es not include scolding girls
and women for -attending to their own
business, then why In heaven's name
don't he jump buck Into that sphere o
his and lock himself in for a while to
keep him out of mischief ?
Women have done everything tha'
men have in the world, from lead in,
armies in battle to spanking babies and
from ruling nations to hogging three
quarters of the bedclothes on a cold
iihtht. I don't mean that I think th.
proper place for a woman Is leading on.
force of men to butcher another or rul
ing a people who ought to be free; 1
don't think It Is the proper place for a
man, either But If a woman does it as
well as a man it is as much her spben
as his, and he shows a eight of presump
tion when he complains that she Is out
of her sphere and Is crowding , him out
of hU. because she has taken a sltuatloi
In a Etore or an office. I cannot imagine
anything much more contemptible thai
a stout, healthy, able-bodied young man
standing arouud sucking his cane heati
when he Isn't smoking, begging mor.e
from his mother to buy his cigarette
and whining that the girls have taken
the job of measuring tape which be
coveted and which was about th
only thing he is mentally competent to
do. Girls have gone on government Ian
and wrested homes from the wilderness
with never a protest from Bubby. That
did not compete with him. It was
work. They took colony tracts in Fresnc
county and cultivated them with the l
own hands and he did not com pit in
The girls or America are all right ; the
will take care of themselves. The grown
up sissies in pants, who want an eas.
Job at good pay. are the ones who nee
some ody t follow them around with
iiursing-tottie and a slipper.
As regards the right to vote. I don
know as it would make much difference
presume the majority of the men vot
just about as the majority of the me.
nd women would If all could vote.
suppose I should vote u I had th
chance, tut I'm not dying for the chanc .
Still, I think as a matter of fairness and
justice we all ought to have the chance
There ; I've said my say and I feel
oetter. Ac XT Fxizabith
Cooking Dried Frait.
-j- iuat tne time lor the cousuaip
of dried fruits is near at hand. i.
will not be amiss to give a few general
directions regarding its preparation foi
tne table, belect the fruit that you in
tend to use, and rinse it thoroughly In
clear, fresh water; then place it in ai
earthenware dih with sufficient water t
cover it and allow it to soak for Troth
ten to fifteen houts before it is requires
ior use. Arter this the vessel in whiol
it l, I T. - 1 i . , .
" cuuneii siioutu te placed on
the back or the stove and the fruit, with
the wa er in which it has been soaked
huuwjtu si raer siowiv. iist once In a
whiie coming to a bi.ll, until it is ttioi
oughiy cooked. If the water in whii-1
tue fruit is soaked is thrown away and
rresh water substituted much of the fla
vor and nutriment of the fruit will be
lost. Sufficient suirar should be aririeH
when the fruit Is nearly done to make It
palatable. Dred fruit cooked in this
way can be served either hot or old
as desired. As a rule, when allowed ti
cool It will be fully as palatable as i
eaten warm. By cooking dried fruit ac
cording to this method there will be se
cured a wholesome, palatable diah. full
flavored and resembling, as near as pos
sible, in appearance, size and taste th
original green proiuct. California Fru
lire Right at Home.
How many of us live at home just as
we talk in meeting ? There are so manv
who are all smiles abroad and all frowo!-
at home. Sweetness or word and gentle
ness or tone pervade our eonversaiior
abroad,- while vinegar and harshness
characterize It at home. Many a father
and mother have pleasant sayings and
kindly acts fer other children, but for
their own little else than threats and
blows. Many husbands are all suavity
ano considerate politeness to those ladies
whom they meet In other circles, while
in the home circle and to their own wives
they are either uncouth or silently
neglectful. Many wives and mothers
are sweetness and gentleness and love
liness abroad, but are bitterness, testi-
ness and uu loveliness . at home. Many
children are well-behaved and polite and
quiet and respectful abroad, but are rude,
impolite, noisy, irreverent and disobedi
eui, uu uuiue. Anas was a pertinent re
joinder which a Salvation army soldier
made to a person whe interrupted her
with tho query : "How do you behave
at home ?
" There s my mother," she said, " ask
Her mother thereupon arose and de
clared: "She lives at home just as she
talks In meeting."
Can it be suld of us that we " live at
home as we talk In meeting ?" Califor
nia Fruit Grower. -
The California state Convention or the
Women's Christian Temperance Union
decided to start a weekly paper.
The San Francisco milliners have
changed the hour of closing In the even
ing from 8 or 9 to 6 o'clock.
The state convention of the Women's
Christian Temperance Union at Stockton
Oct. 23 passed a resolution in favor of
woman suffrage with only one dissenting
Two more women doctors have been
recleved into the faculty of medicine
in Paris. They are Mrs. Kouindjy, a
young Russian, and Miss Marie Roussel.
from Rouen. Both read their theses be
fore the taculty, and were applauded
wariniy oy tue masculine doctors.
Mis Elizabeth Hodge, who baa made
herselr famous by htr success In the Ox
ford, England, examinations, having ob
tained a second In "greats," with a first
In clMjanlAnl mrvloraf-.iroia Kta .MuntA
an appointment as mistress In St. Marys'
eoJieg, JeJxin6b9jcgi South Afrkxu
UNDER FALSE COLORS.
"Talking abont game men," said the
Eroprietor of the Rootersville Palace of
eiight to a N. Y. Herald man, 'that
quiet-looking feilow in the corner is
ust the spunkiest fellow I ever clap
ped eyes ou. though he don't look as
be had backbone enousrh to stand off a
coyote. But, jee. whiz! he's a cool
one. Why. ri;:ht here in this very
room I've seed him Blare death in the
face an never turn a hair. Yes, siree,
I've seed that man look rteht into the
barrel of Blazer Jim's pistol when
Blazer Jim's hand was on the trigger,
an' he didn't ay a word, didn't ask
Blazer Jim to let up ou him nor noth-
u , didu t even w iuk. but jnst stood
there faciu' tbe music and ready to
drop in his tracks dead game."
"lhauk4. it s awful dry; l don t care
if I do. Well, here's luck." .
Yes. I ll tell you all about it if you
like. You see, the professor that's.
what we nllus called him from tbe
moment he first showed tip, wasn't
posted on the wars of s&ssiety in these
here parti when lie fust came here. I
guess maybe they're kinder different
from what they are where he cum
from, round about Boston or some such
Well, tou see. Blazer .Jim had
struck it rich that day, an' was settin1
em up all round, when the ..professor
dropped in. ..-..'
JNatiie ver pizen, stranger said
Blazer Jim, just as perlite as any feller
with an imported parlay frongsay
polish "scuse my French could be;
it's all hands this time, an' I'm doin'
"As I said the before the professor
wasn't posted oa sassiety ways in these
parts, an instead oi stepnm np like a
man u' orderiu hi drinks, he held off.
kinder hanghty. an Says, he: I beg
your pardon, I don't drink; I'ni a
prohibition!-?!, ao besides its not
my habit to allow straujrers to pay for
any refreshments I may partake oL'
".Now, accordin to sassietv reg la-
tions down here, that was a downriirht
nsalt. an I didn't feel like blamin
Blazer Jim. nor did anybody else.
when he whipped out his shooter an'
told the professor right np an' down
just what be thought of him, an didn't
spare the eu words neither. Bnt
when we seed how the professor, in
stead of pliimpin' on his knees an
beggia' for lne'-cy. just stood like a
sdaloo an' said nothtn'. why. there came
about a revulsion of feeHn', an' Candy
Jack voiced the sentiments of the
tueetia' when he said:
"Look'ee here. Bill; von've been in
sulted and ver deserve satisfaction, bnt
I'm if tbe professor ain't game.
an I dou t want to see .t game man die
like a do. It's my opinion thaf he
only insulted you 'cos be was ignorant
of sassiety ways up here, an' Its my
opinion that if ver let np on him this
time you II earn the gralitude ox this
"Well, Blazer Jim. like the gentle
man he is. did let up on I. mi. and right
then an' there told the professor that
he forgave him. and told htm that he
was a brave fellow, an that he could
knock the spots out of any fellow who
said he wasu't. an other complimentary
things of that sort. An' after that we
fouud out that the professor wasn't a
bad sort of fellow at all you made al
lowance for his ways. An thouarh I
don't believe that I'd ever do anything
of that sort, I sent' to town and got a
lot of sarsaparilla so he eoaUl drink
with the boys without hurlin' his
I na a new arrival m liooiersrille
myself, attracted thither by a "boom''
which proved more ephemeral even
than most booms, and busted' lots of
people. But before that happened tbe
professor and I became quite - chum
my." He was a mild-manner, be
spectacled, stooped-shonhiered in
dividual, eliock full of book-learning,"
but almost as ignorant as a child on
the wars of the world.
When we had trot pretty well ac
quainted I asked hitn about his ac
count with Blazer Jim.
Mt friend," he said, Tm a truthful
man aud an honest man, and I like not
to lie thought that which I am not. Bnt
I feel that I can make a confidant of
you. The reputation which I acquired
out of that incident has bfeen a grievous
burden upon my cousclence. The
truth is that wheu that rude and pro
fane man leveled his pistol at me I
was so completely paralyzed with fear
that I was bereft of "all power of
speech or motion. I couldn't even
mure a muscle. Often and often I
have felt that 1 ought to tell these men
the truth about the matter, but the
fact is I have Jacked the courage to do
so. Now. do you think I ought to tell
I told him bluntly that if he did he
would deserve to be in an idiot aylnm
for the ret of his life.
Ho took my iulie and as long as he
was in Krttervii!e nnbou? ever
veutured la molest him.
Ci irlon Poul-ihed Prince
for a Smile.
Tre V eritzins were nobles of enor
mous wealth and jtower. Paul held a
high office in court. One night, glit
tering with jewels and orders, the
young prince, who was one of the
handsomest-men iu Russia, danced in
a quadrille opposite the empress.
As she passetl him in the dance sue
fancied that his eyes scanned her gross
lignre with covert amusement. After
the quadrille she beckoned to him. and
with a suiilo handed him her tiny ivory
tablets, containing seven pages, one
for cad day iu the week. Ou the first
The imperial ball room. St. Peters
On tho last:
"The mines. Siberia."
tic reau it; his lace grew grav as
that of a corpse; he bowed low. kissed
her hand ami withdrew, "tak nj
says the old chronicle, "his wile, the
beautiful princess of Novgorod, with
him." He was heard to say as he left
the ball room:
My minutes are numbered; let us
not- lose oue."
Flight or resistance was impossible.
The hold of Catherine on her victim
was inexorable as death. Prince Vcr
itziu was forced to remain passive ia
his palace while" each day the power.
the wealth and the happiness that life
bail given him were stripped from him
First he was degraded from all his
ofhees at court; net his estates were
confiscated by tho crown; his friends
were forbidden to hold any communi
cation with him; his very name, one of
the noblest in Russia, was taken from
him, and he was given that of a serf.
Then his wife and children were driven
out of the palace to herd with beggars.
"The last day," says the recor.f.
Paul Veritzin, "in rags and barefoot,
chained to a convict, Dade an eternal
farewell to his home, and departed to
I tne dark and icy north. I
'of men no mor." CVo.'r,
lift was sec a
ECCS OF THE CREAT AUK.
Precious Itlie of a Creature That Not
Betas Fittest Did Not Kurrlve.
In 1888 an egg of the great auk was
sold for 160 guineas, whilst more re
cently an egg of the same specie
fetched 225; and although these may
seem enormous sums to give for a
relic, the transactions are not without
others to keep them in countenance.
Only a few years ago two eggs of the
same kind fetched 100 and 102 guineas
respectively, while the egg first named
realized a little over twenty years .ago
33 10s. At that time it was discov
ered, together with fourothers. packed
away ia a dust-covered box "in the
museum of the Boyal College cf -Surgeons,
these being sold in 1865. From
this it would seem that in the ornitho
logical market the complete shell of a
great auk's egg is worth nearly 170.
and a broken one only 70 less. It
will be seen that the purchase of one
of these may be a good investment,
and what a mine of wealth a great aok
that was a good layer might prove to
his fortunate possessor can only be
conjectured. At the present time th
number of eggs of this species known
to exist is sixty-six twenty-five of
which are in museums and forty-one ia
private collections; of the total number
forty-three are retained ia Great
When a bird becomes so rare that
the individual remains can be counted,
the same may be taken to be practically
extinct as a species. The great auk
has pursued a'policy of extinction for
the past two or three centuries, until
now, like the mighty moa and the do
do, it has ceased to exist. The great
auk, or garefowl, was one of .those
birds which, from long disuse, bad lost
at once the power of night and preser
vation. It was a great shambling bird,
as large as a goose, and ill-adapted to
travel on land. How these things told
against it maybe inferred from the
story of one Captaine Richard Whit
bourne, who, writing of the discovery
of Newfoundland in 1620, says that
among the abundant water fowl of
these parts are penguins (great auks)
"as bigge as geese, and rlye not, for
they have but a short wing, and they
multiply so infinitely, upon a certain ,
flat island, that men drive them from "
thence upon a board, into their boats
by hundreds at a time."
This process of extinction went oa ia
Iceland and elsewhere until about the
middle ot the present century hardly
any birds remaired. The Icelanders
robbed the anks of their eggs fr do
mestic nse, and upon one occasion-the
crew of a British privateer remsinei
upon one of the Skerries all day killing
many birds and treading down their
eggs ami vonng. 1 his went on until
the last birds were taken, and there is
but the faintest hope that i$ may yet
liuger on in the inaccessible north..
Although awkward and traveling with
th greatest difficulty on land, the
great auk was perfectly at home ia the
water, and traveled both upon and un
der the surface with the rapidity of a
nsn. j tie lime ot haunting the land
was during the breeding season. ia
earlv summer- At this period the auk
resorted to -the rocks. ' ia the dark'
recesses of which the females deposited
one large egg large even for the size
of the bird. These had a whitish-green
ground, streaked with brown, and
nearly lire iuches in length.
Tola by Veterans of Chteamauga.
Of all the reminiscences of Chicka-
mauga's iron hail-storm, Jim Brother
ton's experience was the hardest strain
on credulity, says the St. Louis Globe-
Ueniocrat. Jim was lighting the best
he knowed how." He was ia the thick-:
est of the assault ou Snod grass hill.
As he charged across the road and over
the field toward the Dyer farm Jim
caught a glimpse of the house he was
born in. But valor did not make Jim
forget discretion. He took advantage
of all the pine trees he con til when go
ing into and coining out of the ugh t.
On his back was slapped his knapsack,
and over the knapsack was rolled his
blanket. the two made a hnmp
which projected beyond tbe trees be
hind winch Jiui took temporary shelter.
When Jim unloaded his knapsack and
blanket the night alter the battle he
found that thirty-seven . bullets had
penetrated it; "Yes, , sir," said Jim.
looking the listener straight la the
eves; thirtr-seveu r.ullets had gone
into my blanket aud knapsack -thirty-
seven bullets and two buckshot. If 1
had that blanket and knapsack nw
wouidu't take $1,000 for them. After"
the battle I gave them to mother and
told her to keep them for rae until I
came back from the war. But
Tou know how it is when folks is
moving around. Thiugs got lost. 1
don't know : what become - of the
blanket or knapsack."
There was only one veteran who told
a story which approached that of hm
Brotherton in pietnresqueaess. He
was Private Sinnatt, who came all the
way from Virginia to attend the re
union. Private Sinnatt was particu
larly anxious to meet and renew ac
quaintance with some of tho Twelfth
Georgians. A big man of the Twelfth
Georgia saved his life. Private Sinnatt .
said. He explained how. Wheii tit
got iato what seemed to him"- the hot
test place he had ever found Private
Sinnatt lay down behind a tree which
wasn't more than eight inches through
nuu mane limine t as sumii as putwtc
While lie lay there wondering how
long it would be before he would be
hit a stapping fellow from the-Xweifth
Georgia grabbed him bv the leg, lifted.
him from behind the tree, and lav
.imvn n-lici-A 1 c ha.-l Keen Rinn.-it.t
LI s !. lt ...,l.l.,'f 1T..L 1,1m
ca Ko (!. tha Koet nf a Kir! aitntiitinQ .
crawled up behiud the Georgian, and
kept quiet. It w asn't but a few min
utes until a bullet struck the Georgian
and killed him. Sinnatt lay still be
hind the body, which stopped tirteeu
bullets before the wave of battle p.i?seJ
on. -That is why Private Sinnatt
he will always cherish a kindly feeU-usf
for the Twelfth Georgia.
The Same Came Natural.
. . .'..
Names are sometimes changed . ia
Jiieer ways. A few years ago a
t! in, i int W .ic-oi-il trtiVn
witviumu v i'.i.' . . ... . . . . .v
and proceeded to work at anything he
could find to do. "Siuirtly after hia
arrival the local paper, p.irtly out of
fun and partly out of a deaire to help
him. printed this paragraph about
him: "A foreign trentleuiaa with aa
unpronounceable n me recently struck
town. He is proving to be such a
good chfeeu iu every respect that we
are disposed to relieve hiu of his if
cubus of a flame, and we therefff
alnr-e $'m-3Jhu Slhilh." ViT:ua'
B'iietiU An heard of the paragispa &
was mweb pleased and immediately
adopted the new uaine, and Mi. John
Smith is now oue of the leading citi
zaus of the town.