He who thinks to please the World is dullest of his kind; for let him face which way he will, one-half is yet behind. VOL. IV. LEBANON, OREGON, FKID AY, NOVEMBER 7, 1890. NO. 35. a EAST A2sD SOUTH -VIA- Southern Pacific Route. THK MOUNT SHASTA ROUTE. EXPRESS TBATXS LEA VI pOBTI-OtP PAltTt 4:00 P. M. I l.v 9 :iS P. SI. 1 Lv 7 : A. M-1 Ar Portland Ar) 9;S A. M Albany Ar ( :H A. M San Francisco Lv 9 a P. St. Above trains stp only at the following stations north 1.1 Roseburg : East Portland, Oregon Wty. u-vvihnn. saim Albanv. Tail ewnl. fcneaas. Hsl-sey, Harrlsbuig, JuncUon Ct.jr. Irving and Eugene, Rosebus; Mall Dally. A. K. lv Portland Ar L 1S:40 P. K. Lv Albany Ar la 0 X. e :00 P. St. 1 Ar Boseourg Lv I e A. . Albany Local Dally (Except bnnday.) 6 i O P. Ji. Ev Portland v Ar I 9 :00 A. X. 8-jJO p. St. Ar Albany Lv I 6 .00 A. X Local Passenger Trains Daily Except Sunday. liOP. HILT ' Albany Ar 1 9:25 A. xl a S4 P. X. I Ar Lebanon Lv 8 .40 A. X. Ifl0i..Lf Albany Ar , 4 :i6 P. X. 8:33 A. St. I AT iA-banon Lt 3 :0 P. X. PULLMAN BUFFET SLEEPERS. Tourist Sleeping Cars Tor accommodation of Second Class Pascgers. attac ed to Express trains. WEST SIDE D1Y1SIOX. BETWEEN PORTLAND AXD COKYaLLIS. Mali Train Dally (Except Sunday.) 7:30 A. 11 :10 P. Lv AT Port land Corrallls Arl 5:30 P. X. LtJUSP At Albany and Corrallls connect with trains of Oregon Paclflc Bauroao. (Express Train Dally Except Sunday.) 4 :40 P. 7:25 P. Lv AT Portland ilcMinnvflle Ar Vf 8:20 A. X. 5:15 A. X. M-TTiTrmo tickets to all Doints East and South For tickets and loll Information regarding rates, maps, etc., call on Co's agent at Mtdfiao. it KF-nI..K. E. f. KIH,EKn Manager. Asst. &. F. & P. Agt OR. C. H. DUCKETT, D EN T I ST, EEBAKON, OK ECO X. J. K. WEATHERFORD, ATTORNEY- AT - LAW, Office over First National Bank. .AXJBAXT. - - - - - OREGOST W. R. PILYEU, ATTORNEY- AT- LAW. ALBAXV OREGOX. G. T. COTTON, Dea'er to Croceries and Provisions. Tobacco and Cigars, -Smokers Articles. Foreign and Domestic Fruits, Confectionery, Queensware and Glassware, Lamps and Lamp Fixtures. PAY CASH FOR EGGS. Main Street. Lebanon, Oregon R. L. McCLRUE (Successor to C. H. Harmon.) Barter : and : Hairdresser. Lebanon, Oregon. Shaving. Haircutting and Shampoo ing in the latest and best style. Spec ial attention paid to dressing Ladies hair. You patron age respectfully so licited. J. L. COWAN. i. M. RALSTON. Bank of Lebanon, LEBANON, OREGON. Transacts a General Banking Business. AOCOUNTS KEPT SUBJECT TO CHECK. Exchange eold on New York, San Francisco, Portland and Albany, Org. Collections made on favorable terms LEBANON 4 J f -4 i W --is i in et Ashland, Or, owns new water worts. Marysville Is troubled with Incendiary fires. The Great Falls (Mont.) strike was a total failure. The American hotel at Seattle was burned Oct. 23. There were 110 exhibits at the San Bernardino baby show. George Francis Train has left Tacoma and gone east to reside. A clav bank caved on John Hedges at Riverside and killed him. Ventura county has 6S4 more registered voters than two years ago. - The western slope of Bdllnaa ridge has been swept by a forest tire. Chin Ah Junsr killed Wong Ah Sic 8t Orland Oct. 2 and escaped. Brakeman "William Bates was killed by the cars at Geneva, Cal Oct. 23. William Mercer's arm was cut off In a sawmill near Woodf..rd, Nev, Oct. 20. Stillman. who killed John D. Fiske at Fresno, goes to the state prison ft)' Hie. Thit-tv tons of beeswax went east from San Juhego in one snipmeni rae otuer uay -. . . . . . . . . , Mexico has contracted for $500,000 worth of improvements in San Bias har bor. The Santa Fe and Atlantic and Pacific vard switchmen at. Albuquerque struck Oct. 24. D. A. Reynolds, a drunken tough, was killed by Alexander Graydon at Globe, Ar, Oct. 21. Ventura county recently had thirteen burglaries m fourteen aays ana no dut glars were caught. Five-year-old Lida S. Cohrs of Seattle poured coal oil on tne nre ami k burned to death Oct. 21. Two Mexiean shepherds were hor libly mangled a few miles south of Sii ver City by Indians Oct. 22. A band or four Apaches is raiding in Sierra and Grant counties, "N. M, and has recently killed four whites, T. A. Harms of Pleasanton was thrown from a wagon while the horses were running away Oct. 21 and killed. James Haahes' coat causrht in the ma chinery of a shake mill at Crescent City, Cal, and his arm was pulled out. James Stewart attempted to steal ride at Salt Lake Oct. 24 and fell be tween two cars and was cut in two. John McCoy, living ten miles south Sprague, Wn, fell from a loaded wagon Oct. 23 and was run over and Killed Two men and a woman gagged, bound and robbed J. W. Tway in his house at Albuquerque Oct. 24. they got iiw, Jose Yorba, who killed Jesus Figueroa at San Gabriel last June, has been ac quitted on the ground of self-defense. TT Ruse knocked R. W. Lewis down the other day at Winnemueca and Lewis got drunk and shot Rose dead Oct. 23. W. RusselL nierht fireman at the Crown paper mills. Oregon City, fell eighty feet irom a Diatiorm ucu zi ana was smm The 14-month-old chi'i of M. V. Sam uels upset a kettle of boiling water upon Itself at Maricopa. Ar, and was scalded to death. Four loaded freicht cars were backed into the Columbia river at Kalama Oct. 21 and three, with their contents, were a total loss. Haywards imposed a license tax on all insurance comrjanles doing business in that town and tne companies raiseu rates 25 per cent. Isaac Boles, 73 years old, was choked ts fionth In th Sierra county hospita' Oct. 19 while trying to eat some of the beef supplied there. A imnanv has been incorporated at San Diearo to build & railroad to Galves ton. It will commence with a line to the Jamul cement works. Moriwnthii' candle works. In San Franei.PO. worth $100,000. were burned Oct. 22. Four cottages and the Pacific mattress works went also. Juan Barela of Tome. X. M, got drunk on win Oct. 21 and started to walk home al.ine the railroad track to his bride of a week but was run over and killed. Pascale, an Indian who killed J. M Dunn In the Flathead country a year ago, has oeen trieu at aiissouia ana con victed oi murder in tne nrst uegree. Ftfteen-vear-old Llovd Smith was rae inir horse with another noy at. oantn Ana Oct. 23 when the animal mi-n roue fell and threw him, crushing his sauii. The Union iron works, ban Francisco. propose to put in a plant lor making heavy ordnance If they can get some of the contracts the government is letting. Robert Gordan. the San Francisco tai lor, has failed and his divorced wife says he has sriven his brother Jacob notes for several thousand dollars to oerraua nis creditors. John Chart fatally shot George John son at Prescott in the presence or sev eral witnesses and a coroner's jury found a verdict, that the shot was nred by un known persons. Ramon Lopez and Edwardo Espinosa. murderers, were taken from Santa Bar bara to the Los Angeles county jail Oct 21 just in time to save them from lynching party. Sausalito had two fatal cases of diph therla and investigation showed that the victims several times a day passed stagnant and filthy pool between their homes and tne scnooi. Stephen M. M. Irvin of Highlands was married Oct. 25 at the San Bernardino district fair to Mrs. Manda Coffey of Bloomfield, Ia who arrived from the east at noon of that day. Six tramps tried to wreck a train be tween Sausalito and San Rafael Oct. 21 because thev had been put off a preced ing train. They put a steel rail across the track, but it was discovered and they were arrested. A barn on L. M. HickmaL.'3 ranch sixteen miles from Modesto, was burned Oct. 2L with forty-seven horses and mules, belonging to Hitchew & Meadows, contractors on the Turlock canal, and valued at $5000, in it. John Bolton, 15 years old, accidentally blew his head off while riding on horse back from Payson to Salem, Utah, Oct. 24. and thu horse stood still with the corpse on its back several hours till the tragedy was discovered. A cabin attached to White & I)e Hart' lumber mill near Watsonville was burned in the evening Oct. 24 and Frank Soto perished in it. The other occupant, Charles Manzaman, was found wander ing about the hills, fast asleep. . It is announced that the building of the Santa Fe railroad's extension to ban Francisco will begin Jan. 1. The first section is ninety miles, from Rogers. twentv miles east of Mojave, to Bakers- fie'd. and work will begin on both ends of it at once. Mattie Scott, colored, who killed ber lover, Willis Scott, In a disreputable bouse at Tacoma last April and myste riously disappeared, hus returned stand trial. She says that the killing was accidental and that she left on an early train before the officers discovered it and went to Texas. Mrs. John Gridley of Ashland, Or, ate bread in which blue vitriol had been mixed and died Oct. 21. Her three chil dren were also poisoned but recovered. She claimed that the poisoning was ac cidental, but as her husband had deserted her and the family was destitute this is doubted. A band of forgers who were about to pass bogus letters of credit in the name " f Drexel, Morgan & Co. In Madrid, Mar Liege, Coblentz and other Euro 'es has been broken up. Men . Vd in the cities named, and he gang's headquarters. i '. 7o-vear-old artist, and . " . 74-year-old. picture ' with soma of the "-rgerles in their (Sntcral Bctus. Von Moltke Is 90. " Osman Digna gains ground. The king of Vltu will fight the English. The Irish land league Is out of funds. Express rates have been raised in the east. Cal fomla on wheels Is coming home i December. The Diss Debar la practicing elalrvoy- ancy In Brooklyn. Japan has had 35,000 cholera cases, of which 23,500 were fatal. Twenty blocks of Mobile were burned Oct. 26. Loss $750,000; Insurance $400,000. The Emrllsh market demanded 50 per cent for taking tne new Portuguese loan. Settlers in the western parr of Okla homa are suffering for food and cloth ing. Kritrands plunder most of the caravans which pasa between Erzeroum and Trebl zond. The Fenians have decided that here after al their meetings shall be open to the public. Our irovernment indorses Mizner a course In connection with the murder of Barrundia. Mayor Patrick J. Gleason of Long Isl and City is in jail for assaulting a news paper reporter. Senatur Blackburn of Kentucky was thrown from a buggy the other day and his shoulder was broken. The czar's car was fired at at Goodno the other day as he was returning from nuu lug trip in ruiuuu. Another supposed vi.-tlm of the Mafia In New Orleans has been found floating n the river, tied up in a sack. Th London trades council has sent $70,000 to the striking miners in Aus tralia and promises fluo.ooo more. At Booneville. Mo, H. S. Hines and F. B. Huffman have been held for rob bing the Missouri Pacido at OcterviHe, The statement that the Germans at Bacamovo had isued a decree permitting the sale of slaves is authentically denied. Four men are charged with the mur der of Chief of Police Hennessy in New Orleans and eleven with being accessory, The federated British shipowners are discusaiuir a ceneral lockout to break down the federation of maratlme labor unions. The Standard oil monopoly Is reducing the prce paid to producers from 30 cents barrel down, lhe price to consumers is rising. John Fox poured oil of vitriol over hia mistress. Mrs. Kohler, In Chicago Oet. 25. frightfully burning her, because of Jealousy. Michael Brazell's body was found lyiDg in his yard at Desplaines, III, Oct. 22, with the skull split open and the pock ets rifled. The new French tariff places cereals. liv stock and meat in the list of articles the duty on which may not be reduced by treaty. The Western Union telegraph company is discharging those operators in Chicago who are active members oi tne teleg raphers' union. Michael O'Grady, the Fenian leader and advocate of dynamite, was bured to death in a tenement-house tire in Brooklyn Oct. 23. The supply of natural gas at Pittburg proves Insufficient and it has been shut off from the 1000 puddling furnaces that used if lor ruei. Three men robbed te occupants of Pullman car of $'500 near San Antonio. Tex, Oet. 23 and jumped from the mov ing train and disappeared. The duke of Marlborotgh acted in such an ungentlemanly way while attending a theater at New nrk with his wife Oct. 24 that the audience hissed him. A law taxing express companies 2 per cent of their receipts for carrying freight over leased lines in Kansas has been sustained by the federal circuit court. Boodler MeGaiigle of Chicago the other nay attempted to shake hands with bher- iff Matson. from whom he escaped a few years ago, and Matson knocked him down. The British government will relieve distreea caused by the failure of the po tato crop in Donegal county, Ireland, by spending $2,900,000 in railroad building there. Riots and conflicts between soldiers and peasants are reported in varions parts of Russia, and tne t risons are full of suspects, mostly young men of edu cation. Albert Ludermeyer of Kewaunee, Wis, quarreled with his young wife about the quantity of potatoes they should lay In for winter and snot and Killed her and himself. The Allan steamship line agreed with its employee tu submit their differences to arbitration, but hen this was done the employes broke faith and refused to abide by the decision. A passenger train and a freight train met in a tunnel near Somerset, Ky, Oct. 22, and were wrecked and nearly entirely destroyed by fire. Six persons were killed and six badly injured. The woman ho wrote for the Oakland Times over the name of " Sophie Search," Mrs. Harlow Davis, has been arrested, with her husband, at Omaha for writing obscene blackmailing letters. Walter James Lyons, who caught his mother and Quartermaster Sergeant John Stewart of the royal artillery hold ing improper relations in London and killed the sergeant, has been convicted of manslaughter. An English company offers to con nect Prince Edward island with the Ca nadian mainland by a railway tunnel costing $17,000,000 if Canada will guar antee 6 per cent for 100 years on that amount of bonds. A hurricane struck a balloon in which three aeronauts had risen from Paris Oct. 22 and carried it 150 miles to the northeast, where 'the occupants were thrown out and badly injured, but; strangely enough, they were not killed. Thomas J. Mins and Miss Gertrude Pitman were married in front of the grand stand at Birmingham, Al, at the state fair Oct. 24, In the presence of 10,000 people, and then went up in a bal loon which landed them on the top of a mountain seventeen miles away. Three hundred Polos, attempting to reach Prussian territory from Russia Oct. 24, with intent to emigrate o Bra zil, were ordered back by the Russian frontier guard, and, refusing to go back, were fired on and six men, two women and one child were killed. The chemist at the Quaker City dye works, Philadelphia, has been experiment ing with a new dye. The ingredients foi med a compound that produced prus stc acid, some of which leaked Into the dressing-room of the employes, four of whom were poisoned, two fatally it was thought, by inhaling the fumes. Jimmy Hope, the burglar, who served a term in San Quentin and was then taken to New York to answer to the charge of complicity in the Manhat tan bank robbery, but cou'd not be held, is raising cattle In South America. He has just secured the release of his son John in consideration or the return ot the bonds stolen irom the bank. John went to Sing Sing for twenty years In 1S79 for the Manhattan job. A Santa Fe vestibule train left the track and was completely wrecked near Waukesha. Kas.. Oct. 24. and twenty two persons were injured, among them E. M. Beaslee and Airs. George Turley of Fresno. Mrs. J. White and 1.1 zabetli Babbett of Oakland and S. Sylvester or Milton. Jack the Ripper notified the London police Oct. 23 by a letter that he had returned from a visit to Ireland and would do some work in Hamnetead and andsworth. The next evening between 6 and 7 a woman was found In the middle of the street at Hampstead with her head cut ulrnost -off, but she had first boe,n killed by blows on the b&ck of the head, which is not Jack's wav, and the uim was traced to a Mr. Piercy. QUttraiT Bnus. SEEKING HIDDEN TREASURE. A WllUrat Scheme to Recover a Pirate's Plunder. Captain Rotert Annett la fitting out at New York an expedition to search for nine earthen jars, each as high as a man and filled with Spanish doubloons, which .Captain Morgan, a pirate, is reported to have hidden many years ago on Santa Catallna, an island a mile In circumfer ence in the Caribbean sea. When Mor gan was captured by a British man-of- war he offered to tell where the treasure was hidden if his lire was spared, but the offer was declined and he was exe cuted. John Curry of Kingston, Jamaica, claims that he landed on the island from a Spanish vessel in search of food and water, found the treasure and carried off $10,000, all he could conveniently carry. In five years be spent all the money and when he returned for more he was arrested and taken to Asplnwall, where the Spanish authorities tried to make him reveal the hiding-place of the treasure, but he refused. British Consul Com p ton interfered and he was released. For this favor Curry told Compton or his find. Compton spent all his fortune fitting out an expedition to search for the treasure, but when he reached the Island Curry refused to reveal its where abouts. Search was u na vailing and Comp ton committed suicide. Arnett got a permit to hunt on the island and went there in 13S7 in the yacht Maria. TheSpanish became suspi cious, however, and sent a man-of-war to investigate. While she approached one side of the Island Arnett failed away from the other in the Maria, which was wrecked soon after and went to the bot tom, tho crew being saved by a passing shlP- ' - DESTRUCTIVE WAVES. Havoc Wrought by a Fnrlons Atlantic Coast Storm. A terrific storm raged along the Atlan tic eoat Oct. 23. At Sandy Hook the New Jersey Southern railroad track was damaged a good deal by the waves. At Seabright, Monmouth and Galilee there were heavy washouts. Long Branch suffered mo:e than for years past. Sev eral vessels foundered along the coast and many small beats were destroyed. The furious storm extended as far south as Norfolk, Va, where on the 24th -the passengers on board the steamer Vir ginia, while she was on her way down the bay, . were very badly frightened. The waves broke over the deck, flooding the downstairs saloon, and the port wheelhouse was crushed by a heavy sea and the joiner work on the port ftlde s tattered, and before the vessel reached Norfolk all the passengers had on life preservers and were begging the captain to beach her. The steamer Lahn, from Bremen with Z2ti cabin and 7o6 steerage passengers. arrived off Sandy Hook at midnight. The waves were making a clean breach over her. Hying clear over the bridge, and the captain gave up the attempt to make port. He swung her around, thrust her nose into the teeth of the gale and forged out to sea. and not until seventy miles off shore did he dare to lie to for the night. At Revere beach, Boston, the wiud and high tide played havoc. The Woburn bouse was lifted from its foundations and settled deep In the sand. Many other buildings were partially wrecked and several small vessels were driven ashore. A Lowell Heroine. Eighteen-year-old Mamie Connolly of Lowell, Mass, heard a burglar in her father's house at 2 In the morning Oct. 25. She arose and, making her way to her father's smoking-room, she took a revolver from a drawer and pro ceeded to the room from which the noise bad come. Here she saw that the in truder had entered the main portion of (he house. She fol'owed and found him rifling her father's desk. " Surrender or 111 shoot t " shouted Mamie. The fellow sprang at her, but she put two bullets Into him. His pal who was watching outside, rushed In to the rescue, but when he faced Mamie's smoking revolver he weakened and began begging fot mercy. She made him sit down till the male occupants of the house arrived and he was handed over to the police. The man she shot proved to be a no torious Boston crcok named Tobin. One of the bullets went through him lust above the left lung. Fiendish Robbers. Mrs. Murket of McClelland town. Pa, was attacked by two men one night last August and tortured and robbed. Her assailants threatened to burn her to death. A month later they visited her again, tied her to the bed, saturated her clothing with coal oil and threatened to. set It on fire. They finally left her more dead than alive. She Identified her assailants as John Dean and Reuben Bowers and they were arrested and sent to jail to await trial. Dean recently got out on $3000 bail, and early in the morn ing of Oct. 25 an attempt was made to burn her and her house, but she discov ered the fire and it was put out. No motive for these crimes is known except robbery at first and revenge afterward. Persecuted by Suicides. Two men had committed suicide in George Belfel's saloon in Seattle before John Hansen got drunk - last summer and walked Into the saloon and took fif teen morphine pills In a glass of beer. Relfel thought there was a conspiracy among the suicides to all die In his place, and In his wrath he hauled Hansen out and threw him under the sidewalk to die. But this suicide did Belfels more harm than the other two, for Mrs. Hanjen has just got judgment against tho saloonkeeper for $5875 for not having her husband pumped out and saving hia life. Frozen, to Death. . William Nichols end his 16-year-old daughter were each driving a team from Folsom to Iiatan, N. M, Oct. 2 when a blizzard came on and thy lost sight of each other and It was a difficult task to keep the trail. After a hard siege, when Nichols got home he was surprised to find that his daughter had not arrived, as she had been ahead of him on the road. She was found the next day, froien to death, having lost the trail. Pedro will probably go home to Brazil ana apena ma aeeunuie yr ia vum. Sotm Boles. Pertinent Paragraphs. The frequent failures of the Delaware peach crop in recent years are probably duo to soil exhaustion. Callfornhins should learn a lesson from this. Our soils may be richer than those o Dela ware evw were, but they are not inex haustible, and the use of fertilizers is becoming more and more frequent. Ro tation of crops is easy with plants as short lived as peach -trees, and is always beneficial to the Boil, but It alone will not keep up the fertility. Our aorlcul tural colleges and experiment station ought to be able to tell us what elements of the Delaware soil have been exhaust ed and how to restore them or to render them available if they lie insoluble in the ground. Petaluma potato growers are getting about two-thirds of a crop. At the prices likely to be real'zed this will pay well. Potatoes, one year with another, are as profitable a crop as can be raised by those who have a suitable soil for them. always, of course, excepting our phenom enal fruit crops. But one must know how to succeed, even In raising potatoes. A great many think anything will do for seed potatoes provided it is the right va riety. They plant little refuse tubers that have been rejected as .untlt for cooklnsr, or seed ends cut off from t bers the bulk of which have been cooked, or knobby, gnarly, unsaleable refuse, or potatoes that have sprouted and grown unUl their vitality has been exhausted, and then wonder that like begets like. Large, handsome, well-kept tubers, put Into a strong, sweet and hot too heavy soil, are seldom a failure. - How Milk U Made. All the milk of cows is made In a most mysterious way. The elaboration is ef fected in two glands called the udder. You can take one gland from the other without rupturing the remaining one. There is no organic or distinct division between the two quarters of each gland. The milk In the gland is elaborated from the blood, a physiological process but little understood. That being so, it becomes necessary for every dairyman to so treat, feed, water and shelter ha cows that they will have wholesome, vig orous blood coursing in their veins. Tr e blood from which the milk is formed enters the glands by two large arteries. Alongside the arteries runs a large vein and nervous cord; Numerous ducts rise from the milk cisterns at the top of the teats; they ppread through the whole surface ot the udder. A small portion or the blood exudes or nercolates through the membrane that lines these ducts and becomes milk. Beginning from the bottom the teat, there is an opening which stays closed without any ffort on the part of the animal, therefore the mil - does not leak. If "his muscle relaxes the milk will drop out. At the top of the teat there is an other valve, over which the cow exer cises some control. She can close it and hold the milk above that valve; tiien a man may tug all be likes .and can get nothing while the cow holds up her milk. When the cow has this valve eloeed it Is mainly owing to undue ex citement. When the -ow Is much ex cited the lack Of nervous equilibrium will make her close this valve and shut off the milk flow. There are a great many tiny cells on the inside of the ultimate follicles of the milk ducts They are so small that If you measure a row of them not one inch in lemcth you will find 3000 or 5)00 of them. They each grow a bud ; that bud grows larger and larger until it becomes a globule, and these globules furnish the fat of the milk. These tiny glcbules drop and trickle down the milk tubes and come down with the rest of the miik. Professor Robertson of Ontaii-j. Smyrna Fis;. Three years ago we imported a large number of cuttings of both the commer cial and the wild fig of Smyrna through onr agent, whom we sent to Asia Minor for the express purpose of obtaining them. The cuttings were only Becu'ed after confeiuerable trouble, as'the Smyrna people are very Jealous of the fig indus try and do not hesitate to place any ob stacle In the way of any one who seeks to introduce their fig in any other local ity. The mature figs which I have pro duced this year were produced from these trees. I claim that the figs, which I have dried, are " the true Smyrna figs." The seeds are perfect, the skin Is thin, the flavor Is the same as that of tho im ported and they are equal In all essen tlal poiiU. My experiments have proven conclusively to my mind that without caprificatlou the Smyrna fig cannot be produced, and that In this respect alone the Smyrna fig differs from all other varieties. Of the twenty odd kinds which I have growing and bearing on my place all have matured fruit, none of which, however, contains seeds having germin ating power. The Smyrna fig, sing ularly enough, will drop its fruit unless the flowers are fertilized. On the tree from which I took the figs of which I have spoken there were several hundred, all of which dropped to the ground when small with the exception of the four fruits Into which I introduced the pollen of the wild flg. These four remained on the tree until fully matured and ready to dry, and then fell. In tho green state the fruit ordinarily resembles tho White Adriatic, both in shape and In the color of the skin. The pulp, however, is of a rich amber color and is of rather inferior flavor, the deli cate taste being acquired only arter hav ing been drlod. George C. Brooding of Fresno Id California Fruit Grower. Singular Horse Disease. A disease is . prevalent among the horses In the vicinity of Colvllle, Wn, which, It not properly attended to, Is fatal. It closely resembles lung fever, but treatment for that ailment is una vailing. It is supposed to result ,'rom swallowing the dust from dry lead and silver ore. The afflicted animal will stand In the same position for two or three days, with the ears cold and drooped and legs cold to the second joint, and sel dom rise after the first fall. An exam ination of several victims or . the disease showed the throats to be lined with small cancers or boils, while the lungs were merely a decayed, discolored inass , resembling so much clotted blood. - C. D. Everett's house at Haywards was burned Oct. 25 and Mrs. Everett narrowly eaeaped belnr burnad to dath. About Those Spheres. Forest Gbove, Oct. 24. Mr. Editor : I never thought I would take to writing for the papers, but I hare read and heard so much lately about woman's sphere and some of the things written have been so outlandish that I conclude! I would have my say if you don't object. If you do I can only protest; I can't appeal to a higher tribunal to compel youto print what I write. When an editor devotes time and space to telling what Is womau's sphere I always want to ask hhn if he is sure he has a sphere himself, and, if he hut and it d.es not include scolding girls and women for -attending to their own business, then why In heaven's name don't he jump buck Into that sphere o his and lock himself in for a while to keep him out of mischief ? Women have done everything tha' men have in the world, from lead in, armies in battle to spanking babies and from ruling nations to hogging three quarters of the bedclothes on a cold iihtht. I don't mean that I think th. proper place for a woman Is leading on. force of men to butcher another or rul ing a people who ought to be free; 1 don't think It Is the proper place for a man, either But If a woman does it as well as a man it is as much her spben as his, and he shows a eight of presump tion when he complains that she Is out of her sphere and Is crowding , him out of hU. because she has taken a sltuatloi In a Etore or an office. I cannot imagine anything much more contemptible thai a stout, healthy, able-bodied young man standing arouud sucking his cane heati when he Isn't smoking, begging mor.e from his mother to buy his cigarette and whining that the girls have taken the job of measuring tape which be coveted and which was about th only thing he is mentally competent to do. Girls have gone on government Ian and wrested homes from the wilderness with never a protest from Bubby. That did not compete with him. It was work. They took colony tracts in Fresnc county and cultivated them with the l own hands and he did not com pit in The girls or America are all right ; the will take care of themselves. The grown up sissies in pants, who want an eas. Job at good pay. are the ones who nee some ody t follow them around with iiursing-tottie and a slipper. As regards the right to vote. I don know as it would make much difference presume the majority of the men vot just about as the majority of the me. nd women would If all could vote. suppose I should vote u I had th chance, tut I'm not dying for the chanc . Still, I think as a matter of fairness and justice we all ought to have the chance There ; I've said my say and I feel oetter. Ac XT Fxizabith Cooking Dried Frait. -j- iuat tne time lor the cousuaip of dried fruits is near at hand. i. will not be amiss to give a few general directions regarding its preparation foi tne table, belect the fruit that you in tend to use, and rinse it thoroughly In clear, fresh water; then place it in ai earthenware dih with sufficient water t cover it and allow it to soak for Troth ten to fifteen houts before it is requires ior use. Arter this the vessel in whiol it l, I T. - 1 i . , . " cuuneii siioutu te placed on the back or the stove and the fruit, with the wa er in which it has been soaked huuwjtu si raer siowiv. iist once In a whiie coming to a bi.ll, until it is ttioi oughiy cooked. If the water in whii-1 tue fruit is soaked is thrown away and rresh water substituted much of the fla vor and nutriment of the fruit will be lost. Sufficient suirar should be aririeH when the fruit Is nearly done to make It palatable. Dred fruit cooked in this way can be served either hot or old as desired. As a rule, when allowed ti cool It will be fully as palatable as i eaten warm. By cooking dried fruit ac cording to this method there will be se cured a wholesome, palatable diah. full flavored and resembling, as near as pos sible, in appearance, size and taste th original green proiuct. California Fru Grower. lire Right at Home. How many of us live at home just as we talk in meeting ? There are so manv who are all smiles abroad and all frowo!- at home. Sweetness or word and gentle ness or tone pervade our eonversaiior abroad,- while vinegar and harshness characterize It at home. Many a father and mother have pleasant sayings and kindly acts fer other children, but for their own little else than threats and blows. Many husbands are all suavity ano considerate politeness to those ladies whom they meet In other circles, while in the home circle and to their own wives they are either uncouth or silently neglectful. Many wives and mothers are sweetness and gentleness and love liness abroad, but are bitterness, testi- ness and uu loveliness . at home. Many children are well-behaved and polite and quiet and respectful abroad, but are rude, impolite, noisy, irreverent and disobedi eui, uu uuiue. Anas was a pertinent re joinder which a Salvation army soldier made to a person whe interrupted her with tho query : "How do you behave at home ? " There s my mother," she said, " ask her." Her mother thereupon arose and de clared: "She lives at home just as she talks In meeting." Can it be suld of us that we " live at home as we talk In meeting ?" Califor nia Fruit Grower. - The California state Convention or the Women's Christian Temperance Union decided to start a weekly paper. The San Francisco milliners have changed the hour of closing In the even ing from 8 or 9 to 6 o'clock. The state convention of the Women's Christian Temperance Union at Stockton Oct. 23 passed a resolution in favor of woman suffrage with only one dissenting vote. Two more women doctors have been recleved into the faculty of medicine in Paris. They are Mrs. Kouindjy, a young Russian, and Miss Marie Roussel. from Rouen. Both read their theses be fore the taculty, and were applauded wariniy oy tue masculine doctors. Mis Elizabeth Hodge, who baa made herselr famous by htr success In the Ox ford, England, examinations, having ob tained a second In "greats," with a first In clMjanlAnl mrvloraf-.iroia Kta .MuntA an appointment as mistress In St. Marys' eoJieg, JeJxin6b9jcgi South Afrkxu UNDER FALSE COLORS. "Talking abont game men," said the Eroprietor of the Rootersville Palace of eiight to a N. Y. Herald man, 'that quiet-looking feilow in the corner is ust the spunkiest fellow I ever clap ped eyes ou. though he don't look as be had backbone enousrh to stand off a coyote. But, jee. whiz! he's a cool one. Why. ri;:ht here in this very room I've seed him Blare death in the face an never turn a hair. Yes, siree, I've seed that man look rteht into the barrel of Blazer Jim's pistol when Blazer Jim's hand was on the trigger, an' he didn't ay a word, didn't ask Blazer Jim to let up ou him nor noth- u , didu t even w iuk. but jnst stood there faciu' tbe music and ready to drop in his tracks dead game." "lhauk4. it s awful dry; l don t care if I do. Well, here's luck." . Yes. I ll tell you all about it if you like. You see, the professor that's. what we nllus called him from tbe moment he first showed tip, wasn't posted on the wars of s&ssiety in these here parti when lie fust came here. I guess maybe they're kinder different from what they are where he cum from, round about Boston or some such fossilized place. Well, tou see. Blazer .Jim had struck it rich that day, an' was settin1 em up all round, when the ..professor dropped in. ..-..' JNatiie ver pizen, stranger said Blazer Jim, just as perlite as any feller with an imported parlay frongsay polish "scuse my French could be; it's all hands this time, an' I'm doin' the treatin. "As I said the before the professor wasn't posted oa sassiety ways in these parts, an instead oi stepnm np like a man u' orderiu hi drinks, he held off. kinder hanghty. an Says, he: I beg your pardon, I don't drink; I'ni a prohibition!-?!, ao besides its not my habit to allow straujrers to pay for any refreshments I may partake oL' ".Now, accordin to sassietv reg la- tions down here, that was a downriirht nsalt. an I didn't feel like blamin Blazer Jim. nor did anybody else. when he whipped out his shooter an' told the professor right np an' down just what be thought of him, an didn't spare the eu words neither. Bnt when we seed how the professor, in stead of pliimpin' on his knees an beggia' for lne'-cy. just stood like a sdaloo an' said nothtn'. why. there came about a revulsion of feeHn', an' Candy Jack voiced the sentiments of the tueetia' when he said: "Look'ee here. Bill; von've been in sulted and ver deserve satisfaction, bnt I'm if tbe professor ain't game. an I dou t want to see .t game man die like a do. It's my opinion thaf he only insulted you 'cos be was ignorant of sassiety ways up here, an' Its my opinion that if ver let np on him this time you II earn the gralitude ox this assembly.' "Well, Blazer Jim. like the gentle man he is. did let up on I. mi. and right then an' there told the professor that he forgave him. and told htm that he was a brave fellow, an that he could knock the spots out of any fellow who said he wasu't. an other complimentary things of that sort. An' after that we fouud out that the professor wasn't a bad sort of fellow at all you made al lowance for his ways. An thouarh I don't believe that I'd ever do anything of that sort, I sent' to town and got a lot of sarsaparilla so he eoaUl drink with the boys without hurlin' his principles." I na a new arrival m liooiersrille myself, attracted thither by a "boom'' which proved more ephemeral even than most booms, and busted' lots of people. But before that happened tbe professor and I became quite - chum my." He was a mild-manner, be spectacled, stooped-shonhiered in dividual, eliock full of book-learning," but almost as ignorant as a child on the wars of the world. When we had trot pretty well ac quainted I asked hitn about his ac count with Blazer Jim. Mt friend," he said, Tm a truthful man aud an honest man, and I like not to lie thought that which I am not. Bnt I feel that I can make a confidant of you. The reputation which I acquired out of that incident has bfeen a grievous burden upon my cousclence. The truth is that wheu that rude and pro fane man leveled his pistol at me I was so completely paralyzed with fear that I was bereft of "all power of speech or motion. I couldn't even mure a muscle. Often and often I have felt that 1 ought to tell these men the truth about the matter, but the fact is I have Jacked the courage to do so. Now. do you think I ought to tell them?"' I told him bluntly that if he did he would deserve to be in an idiot aylnm for the ret of his life. Ho took my iulie and as long as he was in Krttervii!e nnbou? ever veutured la molest him. CATHERINE'S WRATHFUL CRUELTY. now Ci irlon Poul-ihed Prince for a Smile. Teritsla Tre V eritzins were nobles of enor mous wealth and jtower. Paul held a high office in court. One night, glit tering with jewels and orders, the young prince, who was one of the handsomest-men iu Russia, danced in a quadrille opposite the empress. As she passetl him in the dance sue fancied that his eyes scanned her gross lignre with covert amusement. After the quadrille she beckoned to him. and with a suiilo handed him her tiny ivory tablets, containing seven pages, one for cad day iu the week. Ou the first was written: The imperial ball room. St. Peters burg." On tho last: "The mines. Siberia." tic reau it; his lace grew grav as that of a corpse; he bowed low. kissed her hand ami withdrew, "tak nj says the old chronicle, "his wile, the beautiful princess of Novgorod, with him." He was heard to say as he left the ball room: My minutes are numbered; let us not- lose oue." Flight or resistance was impossible. The hold of Catherine on her victim was inexorable as death. Prince Vcr itziu was forced to remain passive ia his palace while" each day the power. the wealth and the happiness that life bail given him were stripped from him First he was degraded from all his ofhees at court; net his estates were confiscated by tho crown; his friends were forbidden to hold any communi cation with him; his very name, one of the noblest in Russia, was taken from him, and he was given that of a serf. Then his wife and children were driven out of the palace to herd with beggars. "The last day," says the recor.f. Paul Veritzin, "in rags and barefoot, chained to a convict, Dade an eternal farewell to his home, and departed to I tne dark and icy north. I 'of men no mor." CVo.'r, lift was sec a ECCS OF THE CREAT AUK. Precious Itlie of a Creature That Not Betas Fittest Did Not Kurrlve. In 1888 an egg of the great auk was sold for 160 guineas, whilst more re cently an egg of the same specie fetched 225; and although these may seem enormous sums to give for a relic, the transactions are not without others to keep them in countenance. Only a few years ago two eggs of the same kind fetched 100 and 102 guineas respectively, while the egg first named realized a little over twenty years .ago 33 10s. At that time it was discov ered, together with fourothers. packed away ia a dust-covered box "in the museum of the Boyal College cf -Surgeons, these being sold in 1865. From this it would seem that in the ornitho logical market the complete shell of a great auk's egg is worth nearly 170. and a broken one only 70 less. It will be seen that the purchase of one of these may be a good investment, and what a mine of wealth a great aok that was a good layer might prove to his fortunate possessor can only be conjectured. At the present time th number of eggs of this species known to exist is sixty-six twenty-five of which are in museums and forty-one ia private collections; of the total number forty-three are retained ia Great Britain. When a bird becomes so rare that the individual remains can be counted, the same may be taken to be practically extinct as a species. The great auk has pursued a'policy of extinction for the past two or three centuries, until now, like the mighty moa and the do do, it has ceased to exist. The great auk, or garefowl, was one of .those birds which, from long disuse, bad lost at once the power of night and preser vation. It was a great shambling bird, as large as a goose, and ill-adapted to travel on land. How these things told against it maybe inferred from the story of one Captaine Richard Whit bourne, who, writing of the discovery of Newfoundland in 1620, says that among the abundant water fowl of these parts are penguins (great auks) "as bigge as geese, and rlye not, for they have but a short wing, and they multiply so infinitely, upon a certain , flat island, that men drive them from " thence upon a board, into their boats by hundreds at a time." This process of extinction went oa ia Iceland and elsewhere until about the middle ot the present century hardly any birds remaired. The Icelanders robbed the anks of their eggs fr do mestic nse, and upon one occasion-the crew of a British privateer remsinei upon one of the Skerries all day killing many birds and treading down their eggs ami vonng. 1 his went on until the last birds were taken, and there is but the faintest hope that i$ may yet liuger on in the inaccessible north.. Although awkward and traveling with th greatest difficulty on land, the great auk was perfectly at home ia the water, and traveled both upon and un der the surface with the rapidity of a nsn. j tie lime ot haunting the land was during the breeding season. ia earlv summer- At this period the auk resorted to -the rocks. ' ia the dark' recesses of which the females deposited one large egg large even for the size of the bird. These had a whitish-green ground, streaked with brown, and nearly lire iuches in length. Tola by Veterans of Chteamauga. Of all the reminiscences of Chicka- mauga's iron hail-storm, Jim Brother ton's experience was the hardest strain on credulity, says the St. Louis Globe- Ueniocrat. Jim was lighting the best he knowed how." He was ia the thick-: est of the assault ou Snod grass hill. As he charged across the road and over the field toward the Dyer farm Jim caught a glimpse of the house he was born in. But valor did not make Jim forget discretion. He took advantage of all the pine trees he con til when go ing into and coining out of the ugh t. On his back was slapped his knapsack, and over the knapsack was rolled his blanket. the two made a hnmp which projected beyond tbe trees be hind winch Jiui took temporary shelter. When Jim unloaded his knapsack and blanket the night alter the battle he found that thirty-seven . bullets had penetrated it; "Yes, , sir," said Jim. looking the listener straight la the eves; thirtr-seveu r.ullets had gone into my blanket aud knapsack -thirty- seven bullets and two buckshot. If 1 had that blanket and knapsack nw wouidu't take $1,000 for them. After" the battle I gave them to mother and told her to keep them for rae until I came back from the war. But Tou know how it is when folks is moving around. Thiugs got lost. 1 don't know : what become - of the blanket or knapsack." There was only one veteran who told a story which approached that of hm Brotherton in pietnresqueaess. He was Private Sinnatt, who came all the way from Virginia to attend the re union. Private Sinnatt was particu larly anxious to meet and renew ac quaintance with some of tho Twelfth Georgians. A big man of the Twelfth Georgia saved his life. Private Sinnatt . said. He explained how. Wheii tit got iato what seemed to him"- the hot test place he had ever found Private Sinnatt lay down behind a tree which wasn't more than eight inches through nuu mane limine t as sumii as putwtc While lie lay there wondering how long it would be before he would be hit a stapping fellow from the-Xweifth Georgia grabbed him bv the leg, lifted. him from behind the tree, and lav .imvn n-lici-A 1 c ha.-l Keen Rinn.-it.t LI s !. lt ...,l.l.,'f 1T..L 1,1m ca Ko (!. tha Koet nf a Kir! aitntiitinQ . crawled up behiud the Georgian, and kept quiet. It w asn't but a few min utes until a bullet struck the Georgian and killed him. Sinnatt lay still be hind the body, which stopped tirteeu bullets before the wave of battle p.i?seJ on. -That is why Private Sinnatt he will always cherish a kindly feeU-usf for the Twelfth Georgia. The Same Came Natural. . . .'.. Names are sometimes changed . ia Jiieer ways. A few years ago a t! in, i int W .ic-oi-il trtiVn witviumu v i'.i.' . . ... . . . . .v and proceeded to work at anything he could find to do. "Siuirtly after hia arrival the local paper, p.irtly out of fun and partly out of a deaire to help him. printed this paragraph about him: "A foreign trentleuiaa with aa unpronounceable n me recently struck town. He is proving to be such a good chfeeu iu every respect that we are disposed to relieve hiu of his if cubus of a flame, and we therefff alnr-e $'m-3Jhu Slhilh." ViT:ua' B'iietiU An heard of the paragispa & was mweb pleased and immediately adopted the new uaine, and Mi. John Smith is now oue of the leading citi zaus of the town.