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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1888)
-' i VI II II LI 1L ;
(ISSIT SVERT TRIDAT.)
H. Y. KIRK PAT KICK . Publishers
Every description at .
M Printing Does on Snort Notice.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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Six Months 1 ii
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TERMS OF A D VERTISING.
' ( LF.GAl )
One sruare, first Insertion ........................ .S2 00
Each aildi.tunal insertion . 1 50
Local Notices. p-r line 1 cents
Ke,ul:u: a.ln.iUBeilx-ntsinsorte.1 mnn llnil term-.
Legal Blanks, Business Cards.
Letter Heads, Bill Heads,
Circulars, Posters, Etc.
- Executed In food style and at lowest Hrbif pries.
LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1888.
LEBASTOX LODGE, NO. 44, A. F. & A. M : MeeU
at their new hall in Masonic lUock, on Saturday
eveuuiz, on or before the full moon.
J WASSON. W. M.
LEBANON LODGE. NO. 47. T. O. O. F.: ' Meet. St
urduy erenins of ea h at Od.l K-ll..wa HnlL
Main street; viaiUus Kretlireu ecmii;Uly invited to
attend. J J. CHARLTON. . O.
HONDR LOIX5K NO. S3. A. O V. W.. L-bann.
Oregon: Meet every first and tlitrJ Tmirsdajr even
tugs la tba montlt. F. H. ROSOO.E. M. W.
A. R. CYRUS . CO.,
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan
General Collection and Xotary Pnblie
Business Promptly Attended to.
M. N". KECK,
DESICNER AND SCULPTOR,
Monuments and Headstones.
ALL K1SDS OF CEMETERY lVOItK
FINK MONUMENTS A SPECIALTY.
Opp. S iTere House,
St. Charles Hotel,
IT. W. Corner Main and Sherman Streets, two Blocks
East of E a Depot.
T. C. PEEBLER & CO. Prop.
-Ts.trle S-jpplied -with the Best the Market
Sample Rooms and the Feat Accommodations for
-GENERAL STAGE OFFICE.-
Ealargmg from Small Pictures. In
C. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions,
TOBACCO & CIGARS.
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
Qaeenaware and Glassware,
Lamp and Lamp Fixtures.
SlAin St., Lebanon. Ore iron.
ST. JOHN S HOTEL
JOHN T. DAVIS, Proprietor
The table is supplied with the very best the
Nice clean beds, and satisfaction guaranteed
to all gueeta.
In coauectiou with the above house
Keeps a Feed and Sale Stable, and will
'accornmod-ite tomi?ts and travelers with
trams, guides and outfits.
BURKHART & B1LYEU,
Proprietors of the
Livery, Sale aiifl Fesi Staples
Southeast Corner of Main and Sherman.
Fine Buggies, Hacks.Har-
GOOD RELIABLE HORSES
Tor parties goine to Brownsville, W
terloo, Sweet Home; Scio, and all
parts of Linn County.
All kinds of Teaming
V BURKHART & BILYETJ.
fSONEY FOR EVERYBODY.
Value of the Principal Cola of Different
Austria-Hungary Issues a florin or
fuildor equal to 100 kreuzers. tin 8
dorin silver piece. Tho florin is worth
-.bout 40 cents of our money. The
NV therlands count tho same, only they
fount thoir kreuzers cunts and their
florins guilders, and they issue 10-gildei-gold
pieties. Denmark, Sweden,
and N irway hare a decimal currency.
100 being equal to one krone, worth
about 27 cents. Germans count 100
pfennings to a mark, which is worth
about 25 cents, and issue thalers (3
marks). 5, 10, and 20 mark gold pieces.
France, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland.
nd Uoumania us fractionally the
same, eurreiu'y of 103 centimes to the
franc, worth about 1 9 cents;. but the
Italians call their francs lirea, tho
Roumanians loi. and the Swiss call their
centimes rappen. and have ten rappen
coins called batzen, Greeks count 100
lepra to tho ilrachma, worth about 16
cents. The Servians use the Frenoh
currency, but call the francs dinars anil
issue a gold milan, worth 20 franca, a
stiver para worth 2J centimes, and
copper and nickel coins of 20. 19, and
5 centimes. The Spanish coins are 1
real, worth 100 centimes; 1 peseta,
worth 4 reals; and 1 oscudi. worth teu
reals; the real is worth a little less than
5 cents. The Portuguese chief coin is
the milreis. or 1,000 reis, worth about
$1. The Russians count by rubles.
One bun died kopecks make a silver
ruble, which is worth about
75 cents; they issue now a
great deal of paper money in
denominations of 1. S. 5. 10. 25 and 100
rubles. The large coins of Turkey are
the lira, or gold medjidie, worth about
14.87; the piastre, of which it takes
100 to make a lira; and the becklik and
altilik 105 to make the lira. They
keep thoir large accounts by the
"purse." equal to 5 liras. The Egypt
ians hare dimes, ten of which makes a
piastre, worth 5 cents. Algeria has a
pretty gold coin called a sequin, worth
a little more than $2, and a monzon
nah, worth about li cents. Morocco
issues a blanked or muzoona. which is
equal to 6 floos, worth about one-fifth of
A cent; an ounce, or oki.a, equal to
4 Man keels, and a mitkal, equal to 10
ounces. In Turds 16 karnubs make 1
piastre, which s worth about 10 cents.
In China the unit is the Haikwan tael.
worth . about $1.25. It is equal to 10
mace, or 100 candercens. or 1,000 cash.
Persia issues a silvery kran, worth
about 15 cents, copper and silver shahl,
?nd a gold toman; worth about $1.75.
The current coins of India are a pie,
worth about a quarter of a cent; a pice,
equal to 3 pics; 1 anna, eqnal to 4 pice:
1 rupee, equal to 16 annas, and 1 gold
moinir, equal to 15 rupees. The molnir
is worth about $7.25. The Japanese
count 1 yen equal to 100 sen; the yen is
worth about 75 coats. The South
American countries generally count bv
dollars, some times calied polsos or
s.!es. I he Australian and boutb
African colonies use the British cur
rency. Y. J". Commercial Advertiser.
MENDING BROKEN LEGS.
Msjor Alvord r.lTea pace or Two Oat of
His Own Kxperienc
Every owner of domestic animals oc
casionally experiences losses from ac
cidental injuries to them, and this is
especially true of breeders who hare
animals running together in numbers,
in yards or pastures. Broken legs are
not uncommon witii horses and cattle
of various ages, and the question al
w.iys arises as to the best course to pur
sue. The prevalent disposition is to
regard a broken leg as incurable (and
tLis in spile of abundant evidence to
the contrary), and to condemn the un
fortunate animal at once to death.
There are cases, undoubtedly, in which
this is the better course, as where the
age or small value of the animal will not
warrant the expenditure of money and
valuable time upon it. But in other
cases it pays well to mend the broken
Too often.however.particularly wbei
young animals are killed as soon as
broken legs are discovered, it is true,
even if veterinary skill can not be ob
tained, nature and common sense mar
be combined to bring about substantial
recovery. A few cases iu my experi
ence, to which have been added the ob
servation or account of others similar,
lead me to believe that where horses
and cattle have broken legs, and are of
sufficient value to wan-ant some ex
penditure of time and labor, and not
too old, an effort should he made
to save them. Where possible it 5s
doubtless true economy to em
ploy the best veterinary assistance
in such cases. Country doctors, in
general practice, are pretty good com
parative anatomists, and are usually
found willing to apply their surgical
skill to injured animals. Ths animals
themselves will generally do much to
wards i-ecovery. if only placed under
r.-i ri .rable conditions and reasonably
- 't?d by their owners.
Some years ago a two-year-old colt,
v. iLii others in an outlying pasture, was
:n:ud with a fore leg broken above the
knee and hanging limp and useless. It
was early June, hot weather fast com
ing on; the animal, although fairly
gentle, had never been accustomed to
stall or harness. I knew it was useless
to attempt putting it in a sling, or ad
justing a sidlnt und bandage if left in
pasture. There was a small lot avail
aide, with excellent grazing, water and
shade. In this the colt was placed,
simply watched, given a little extra
nourishment in the form of oats, anil
left to his fate. The leg bung in such
i way that the Done was in a natural
position, and the muscies were used to
eep tho foot clear of the ground. The
.; u i n i.il moved about on three legs for:
Qionlli, took guoi1 care of the one in
jured, und 1 do fcot tntnk it Ktl.npted
to lie down during this time. Then it
began to put its foot to the ground and
gradually to use the leg. By the time
pasturage failed in the fall it had a sub
stantially sound leg again, and was a
useful animal for years. When trot
ting it showed slight lameness, proba
bly'due to a little shortening of the in
jured leg, but in field work and for all
ordinary farm purposes it proved o
thoroughly serviceable horse.
A valuable heifer just a year old had
one hind leg very badly broken, includ
ing an uslv flesh wound, J'h,ile unload-
ing from a wagon. This leg was set.
put in a stiff plaster bandage for weeks,
the animal kept in a box stall, lying
down most of the time. After a loti"
and varied experience with surgical as
sistance, making a case of much inter,
est, but which can not now be de
scribed in detail, the animal recovered
to such nn extent that, although she
has an awkward leg, she Is a good
tow and a regular and profitable
Within a few weeks a thrifty calf,
running tit a covered yard, showed
great lameness, and on examination
the bone of a foreleg was found broken
between the knee and thn ankle. It
was evidently caused by a blow, from,
I fear, a brutal attendant, now dis
charged. The age and condition cl
the animal were like those of the colt,
so no attempt was made to sling it and
use a bandage The calf has been
given a comfortable and safe place,
fed well, and simple applications have
been made to reduce inflammation aud
keep the leg in a favorable condition.
It has been impossible for the creature
to keep its foot entirely clear of tht
ground, and this bus retarded the
healing; but it is now using the leg,
and while there has been a bony
growth, which will enlarge the leg and
be a blemish, I do not anticipate much
permanent lameness, nnd expect to see
the little fellow become a sound, ser
viceable bull. Major If. E. Alvord, in
COMBUSTIBILITY OF IRON.
Conditions Coder Which tho Metal Hill
Combustibility is not generally con
sidered one of the properties of iron,
yet that metal will under proper condi
tions burn readily. The late Prof.
Magnus, of Berlin, Germany, devised
the following method of showing the
combustibility of iron: A mass of iron
filings is approached by a magnet of con
siderable power, and a quantity there
of is permitted to adhere to it This
loose, spongy tuft of iron powder con
tains a large quantity of air imprisoned
between its particles, and is, therefore,
and because of its extremely commin
uted condition, well adapted to mani
fest its combustibility. The flame ol
an ordinary spirit lamp or Bunsen
burner readily sets tire to the finely di
vided iron, which continues to burn
brilliantly and freely. By waving the
magnet to and fro the showers ol
sparks sent off produce a striking and
The assertion that iron is more com
bustible than gunpowder, has its origin
in the following experiment, which is
also a very strikinz one: A little alco
hol is poured into a saucer and ignited.
A mixture of gunpowder nnd iron fil
ings is allowed to fall in small quanti
ties at a time into the flame of the burn
ing alcohol, when it will be observed
that the iron witl take tire in its pas
sage through the flame, while the gun
powder will fall through it and col
lect beneath the liquid alcohol
below unconsumcd. This, however,
is a scientific trick, aud the experi
ment hardly justifies the sweeping
assertion that iron is more combustible
than gunpowder. The ignition of the
iron under the foregoing circumstances
is due to the fact that the metal pai ti
des, beiug admirable conducters ol
heat, are able to absorb sufficient heat
during their passage through the flame
and they are consequently raised to
the ignition point. The particles of the
gunpowder, however, are very poor
conductors of heat, comparativclv
speaking, and during the exceedinglj
brief time consumed in their passage
through the flame they do not become
heated appreciably, or certainly not to
their point of ignition. Under ordinary
circumstances, gunpowder is vastly
more inflammable than iron.
Another method of exhibiting the
combustibility of iron, which would
appear to justify the assertion that it
is really more combustible than gun
powder is the following: Place in a re
factory tube of Bohemian glass a quan
tity of dry, freshly-precipitated hy
drated ferric oxide. Heat this oxide
to bright redness, and pass a current
of hydrogen through the tube. The
hydrogen will deprive the oxide of its
oxygen, and reduce the mass to the
metallic state. If, when the reduction
appears to be finished, the tube is re
moved from the flame and its contents
permitted to fall out into the air, it
will take fire spontaneously and burn
to oxide again. This experiment indi
cates that pure iron iu a state of the
extremest subdivision is one of the
roost combustible substances known
more so even than gunpowder and
other explosive substances, which re
quire the application of considerable
heat or of a spark to ignite them.
m . e i
Mamma "I doVt see where papa
can be,. He's very late to-night"
Mildred "Why, he's fixing his cane
or something. I heard him tell Uncle
George, this morning." Mamma
'What did ho sayP'' Mildred He
said, George, I've got to blow that
new club of mine off to-night' "
Dudley (who is not as big a fool its
he looks) "Did you, ah, give my card
to Miss Bondclipper?" Servant "Yes,
sir." Dudley "What did she thayP"
Servant "She told me to tell you, sir,
that she was sorry that the was not in."
Dudley "Ah, indeed! Please tell your
mithtress that I said I wath glad I
didn't call." Mocking Bird.
"What won't they make whisky of
next!" exclaimed old Mrs. O'Paqne,
upon reading that "a wild cat distil
lery" had been captured in Butler
County, Ala. "I'd sooner drink strych
nine," she added, "than to pour down
my throat whisky made of wild cats.
It must scratch awfully as it goes
down." A'orristown Herald.
' Threadneedle (head of the firm) to
new clerk "Mr. Jumper, we have a
special trade and you must bo veiy
careful in your manner. Some you
may trust at all times, some only occa
sionally, others under no circum
stances. To some of our customers
you must be elaborately polite, while
others prefer short sharp and brisk
answers. To some of our . Where
sre you going, Mr. Jumper?" Jump
er "To look for another place, sir.
You don't want a clerk, you need a
, oiind-reader." Drake" $ Ma gating.
OLL CREOLE CUSTOMS.
New Origan Society M'tt Honor the Tra
union of the Old lelms
Tho social customs of New Orleans
differ widely from those of any other
city of the Union, derived as they
largely are from the usuages and pre
cedents of the French and Spanish
regime, many of which hold good to
day. The old French social law. which
divided people into three different
clas-tes the aristocrat the bourgeois
and the canaille has to a great extent
become a dead letter.
Tho middle class is to-day an un
iinpoi t;int factor iu society hre. One
misses also that s a'ldivision into cliques
and sets which exists elsewhere. In a
social sense Now Orleans is virtually
a dual city, the dividing line between
Canal street, its principal thoroughfare.
Above this dwell the Americans, who
now predominate in the population.
Below it live the Creoles, the descend
ants of the haughty cavaliers and
leauties who formed the court of the
French and Spanish Governors of the
province, and who still hold sacred
tho stately nitnners. the stringent
customs and the prejudice of their an
cesfrirs. They, however, have for the
greater part suffered reverses of for
tune. This prevents their active partici
pation in society or the lavish mode of
entertainment to which they were
It has not deprived them, however,
of a certain influence over the social
tone of the city, and in no respect is
this more readily manifested than in
the universal observance of the chap
eron system. This system Is closely
auiiercu to as well in American as in
Creole circles, and the penalty of its
disregard is scandal and gossip, and
perhaps, if the offense be sufficiently
serious, s-jcial ostracism.
Young ladies do not attend the
theater with a gentleman without a
chaperon, especially at night, unless
they be nearly related or betrothed.
Under no circumstances is it possible
for a young girl to lunch or dine in a
public restaurant unless a chaperon
le present, and few New Orleans girls
would enter such a place except to at
tend a lunch or dinner party to which a
number of guesti were bidden and
where- oue or more chaperons were
As regards horseback exercise, in
which New Orleans gitU indulge but
rarely, the ride requiring a chapron is
much less -tSgidly enforced, but upon
driving tpjlhout the matronly protec
tion there is virtually an absolute pro
hibition. Stwial calls are for the most part
confined to Sunday evening, when
gentlemen present themselves as early
as seven o'clock, and are exected to
withdraw mt later than eleven o'clock,
good breeding, of course, requiring the
first comer to yield to his successor.
Formal calls ai-e paid only on Sunday
or on the evening of the hostess"
special reception days, ami do not here
much exceed half an hour.
In Creole circles the mother of the
younr lady receiving the caller is in
variably present but among Americans
the custom is observed only according
to the degree of intimacy between the
pnrties. Excursions, picnics, etc., form
no part of the social entertainments tl
New Orleans, though occasionally par
ties are formed to visit the neighlior
ing plantations when the cane is being
converted into sugar. In such case
the host makes a point of providing at
least one, and often several, chaperons.
Invitations to balls parties, or recep
tions are alwavs wonted to include the
chaperons, and subscribers to the club.
german or cotillion, of which at least
one is jnven tiurinr tho season, are
furnished with separate cards for chap
erons ami partners.
In matters of courtship and marriage
the Creoles follow tho French plan and
the maternal supervision ends only
with the signing of the nuptial regis
try. Among the American portion of
the population the American custom
prevails, and the moment an acquaint
ance merges himself into a suitor he is
accorded greater freedom of communi
cation. ,. I. Ve.t..
Another Musical Prodigy.
A small and pretty twiy, who is re
markable in two directions, is Philip
Spooner, the third son and youngest
child of Senator Spooner. His talent
for music is almost that of genius.
Though he does not know one note
from another, lie will carry the music
of an opera, after hearing the perform
ance, right along with his mother's
accompaniment on the piano. His
voice is like a girl's, and sweet and
clear as the notes of a bird. The boy
is never so happy as when permitted to
go to nn operatic performance, and his
criticisms are so unerring as to be
startling in the advanced ideas ex
pressed by a child. He cares nothing
for the theater, but craves music, and,
if deprived of it he would be a very
unhappy child. lie never touches the
piano himself and is not inclined to
instrumental music, though his two
brothers raise the roof with banjo
playing. But he will sit by his mother
for an hour or two, and pour out hi?
beautiful voice in high, pure notes,
and .with, perfect time to the piano.
Capitalist "Is the climate health- !
fulP" Land Agent 'Healthful P Well,
I should say it was! Why the jury out "
in our town had to bring in a verdict
of murder in tho first degree against a
man for horse st aling so as to inau
gurate our new cemetery." Towr
Tommic was at Sunday school in
his first pair of trousers, and a picture
of a lot of littlo angels was before the
class. "Tommie. would you like to
be a little an gel P" asked the teacher.
"No ma'am." replied Tommie, after
a careful inspection of the picture.
Not be an angel. Tommie? Why
not?" inquired the teacher in surprise.
Cause, ma'am. I'd have to giye up
my new pants." Critic
Railroad Agent "No, sir; under
the Inter-State law I can't carry your
company for less than four dollars
and a nail apiece; but I U tell you
what Til do, seeing it's you. Let's
see; how many people have you gotP"
Theatrical Agent "Twenty-seven,"
Railroad Agent "Well, P 11 have to
charge you the full four-fifty, hut I'll
send you over the line with a conduc
tor who can't count more than
TWO TEXAS LAWYERS.
They Alert In u Hotel sort Violate
Klhloi of fie Profession.
At a fair held nt Dallas. Tex., an Im
mense number of people from all parU
of the Statu were assembled. The ho
tels were crowded as never befor".
Among tho arrivals at a Dallas hotel
were Major Duck, of Sin Antonio, and
Colonel Sam Bender, of Houston, both
members of the legal profession. They
had never been introduced to each
other, but the genial landlord, who
knew them both, performed the cere
mony. Major Duck, allow me to introduce
you to Colonel Bender, one of the lead
ing lawyers of Houston. Colonel
Mender, you will lie glad to know
Major Duck, the great criminal lawyer
of Western Texas, the nest-egg of the
N. B. Tho landlord shouM have said
testor of tho profession.
"Major Duck." exclaimed Cootie!
Bonder, grasping Duck's ba id. "I am
more than charmed to mako your e
.itaititatiee. I've often read yonr
aaiisc in the papers."
"I am proud, sir. to le introduced
to such a prominent jnrUt as Colone
Bender, whom 1 know by reputation."
said Duck, clasping the hand of Colore.
And now, gentlemen, since we ate
little crowded in this hotel, I sup
pose you have no objections to occupy J
inn the same room," said the landlord,
rubbing his hands.
The two lawy rs expressed gre ii
satisfaction that they were thrown int
-uch pleasant c; mnar. y, and took pos
session of the Hin.i'l iipartmi-nt. A
ach, by a Miigiil.tr coincidence. -.-uo.idu
I wit.t a flask of whisky, they
trdcrcd 8 mn warm water and sugar,
tnd successive hot toddies accelerated
the flow of (Olivers: lion Very nritcri
tlly. At th same time, the stimulant
made them egotistical- and quarrel
some, as is oftt-u the case with Texas
"How is business now in the Houston
rtfurts?'' asked M-j r Duck, stirring
up his ghiss of tod lr,
""It's very poor. In fart, the law
.nsiness is overdone; there are too
man v lawyers."
Same way in Antonio. Hardly any
new suits tile I, and new lawyers turn
ing up every day. It se rasto me that
every little, half-st trved. jaek-legsed
lawyer in the South moves, to Texas.
They are worse than the carpet-bajr-gers
were after the war. or the grass
hoppers." Co'onel Bender did not respond very
enthusiast:ca!ly. In fact beseemed to
lie in pain.
What a b'ankity blank absurdity it
is for ti.ese frauds from other States to
ry to practice law in Texas before they
lave eve:i read Texas law," continued
Major Duck, excitedly.
-What, you say." replied Colonel
Bender, slowly. app!is to some few
cases. Imt wSipti applied to lawyers.
sir. who. like myself, hae been in the
State three years, it has no signili-
That depends on how much law they
knew before they came to Texas," re
plied D:!ck. with a sneer.
If that slur is mnnt for me, all l"v
rot to say is that i consider mysell as
weil qualified to pracliea law a if 1
itad come to lexas under au al as be-
fo-e soc ety w-ts organized,"
This was a hon thrust for Duck's
ttitecedent were rather cloudy.
"You area sizzle-soulnl. insinuatfns
tvhitle?. a poor, s tllow. slimy lizzard. a
nilden cd. corpse-f-icenl caitiff from San
An'oTiio. That's whit you are. find
have been for years, and you know it"
retorted Colonel Bender.
"I can outlaw you anr day. you
Bayou City fraud," retorted Duck.
' N doubt you can outlaw me. You
ire oid at tilt business. You were nn
utlaw before you came to Texa.
There is a rew trd offered for you yet
n Alabama." observed Bender.
"You are a liar. Your slanderous
soul is imbued with the electric lires
f jierd.ton. Your black heart emit.
ulp iiirous fumes. Yon are no renUe-
"Whatever I may have don;. I neve
swindled ignorant old Mexic ins of
heir land by getting them to sig"
deeds which they thought were pow.-1-s
of attorney. That's your regular busi
ness, ) Lawyer G.issiwty. of San An
.'onio. told me."
"A Houston srentleman," resp:inde
D.;ck, "told mo confidentially tha
when a criminal Is in a tight place i
i oiiston he hires you to assist in th'
nrosecution. and then he always g-t-clear.
That's the kind of a criniina
lawyer you are."
"1 never was a member of the. Texa
Legislature and played poker with
Y u are a liar and a wart on flu
orofesslo'i. You lie in your foil
throat You have rot no style nboir
vou, anyhow." said Duck, lookin;
arou:.d for something to throw.
"S;re. here," observed Colonel Ben
dL'r. "your remarks nro beginning t
border on personality. Your lnnguat
is a violation of the ethics of the pro
fession." " Take your hands off me, yon in
"Take that," retorted Bender, up
setting the table, and hitting the wall
with iiis fist Then they clinched,
rolled on the floor, using language
that w-s too strong for the halls of
Congress. The landlord rushed into
the room and separated them.
"You had better let The detectives
know that Shyster Bender of H uston
is in town." howled Duck.
Take that t ing out of here before
I shoot him. Send for tho police, and
let tiiem take him out into the back
V rd :hd shoot him. He is .in escaped
comic iroiu Alabi.ma," be. lowed lien
Ueu llA-Atioruey-General Brewster left
an estate valued at f 100, 000. to beheld
ill trust for his son until he reaches the
ago of thirty. If his son dies without
issue before neaching that age the
property goes to the Sisters of St
Francis, of Philadelphia.
Sir Morell Mackenzie, though not
musical himself, is warmly interested
in vocnlization and every thing per
taining to the human voice. He never
accepts a fee from a professional singer,
but doctors free of charge the throats
I of all public singers who apply to him.
ma Unenterprising Editor Loec
Hold on the Community.
"Have you a neyspaper here?" I
asked of a man who came over to where
we were ramped on the edge of a little
"Yes. got one; did have two. but the
oilier feller pulled out last weuk,"
Didn't it p.ty?"
"Naw. ho wa'n't no good got out
the weakest paper vot ever seen."
"What was the trouble with it?"
No news, or least none to 'mount to
any thin-'. Course, if something big
haupeiied that he couldn't heln seein''
he'd git it in, but ev'ry we.-k there'd le
a whole lot o spicv things that ho'd
keep still's a mouse about, an' stick in
lot o' pieces on free trade, or protev
'ion, or mebby sometimes the t.triST.
B.tt the other man wa'n't that style
no blowin' pieces i:i his'n. but all the
pu-y an Interest in news Uiat haji-
So yoti froe the long editorial man
"Had to do it. I tell you he didn't
now enough to pound sand. W'y.
I'-mme tell you a little case: Couple o
months ag I built nm a new chieken-
.-np not a very bi un. 'cause I only
r't six hens an' a fightiu rooter but
I made it very keerful an' put in two
round roosts an' whitewashed 'em. an
hree nests. I figured on half ths he-is
-estin an scratchiu while to other
hift was lavin. an nailed some : n
iver a box in one co-nr to shut up the
ett-rs in an' make 'em quit their
nonkey bus'ness, an fixed h -r up ir
t vie generally. Pretty soon old Co;er
hi- man Hints go-it, come alon in
i called him in an' sav I: Jes g.-t mi',
he nw hen-ho:isrt I ;;?u a-buildin.
That loo 's firsf-riTw. tays he. Vig
;le it.' sirs I. lit wiggle 1 it i
oears solid.' says h. THai-u it's !!.
wst hen-house in tha city." says I
Wouldn't wonder." says he. Then he
ra!kd off with hishea t d.iwn. a-ihiuk-ti".
I reckoned, what he shoald say
bo-jt it. S imehow I didn't manage ts
ee the other feller U. tell him 'bout it.
nit Lord r. how do vou think it come
H-tven't anv idea. Hit did it?"
'V'v. sir, I w-u nef to Hank
J or je's an' borrowed his copy of
'oiler's paoer so mi's it come ont
"lank hadn't got alook at it yet himself
an' took it home a t wadml through
it. till t.ot a line i-mt my hen-eioi!
Not a line! Nt a word! Didn't ay
nothing 'bout it my name wasn't in
the paper! I went so fur as to even
read clear through along piece on "Our
Common School System." tliinki'i' ni"b
bv that he stuck in o iiethiug "b ut tnv
!ie;i-hoiis - in it s ui-where, but he
hadn't Well, I was ma I. an 1 think
I had a right to lev I throwd the pa
tierdownan did i't even take it baeic
:o Haak. B it next m rnin when I
st-i-n one of th" 'her feller's papers
down in the tr my eve stuck out so
vou could "a bung your hat on 'em.
There it was in his p toer "bon my hen
coop !ig"s a Mexican dollar! ll read
'ikethi-- Wrt hear ih it Uncle Abnr
Doty ha j-s' completed a large, an"
convenient hen-house for his fine flock
.f Shanrhis. lL-amv. Plymouth Rocks
tfi" so forth, together with his famous
rightin' roos er. B -si Butler. We hav
iot let ha I the pleasure of samplin
tnv of the exgs laid in this new he i
house. but we know that Uncle AVi-r
is not the m in to long f rget ye editor."
That's the very way he had it word for
word, name an' all. Jes scion's I read
it I went ri rbt out an toM ev'rybodi
we foul tn't 'f r 1 to u;viort O! I C op -r
no lo-tger 'cause he was hurtiu th
town by not, mentimiin the improve
ments, and I jes' ken' up the talk till
what littln bus'ness he did have
Iroppcd off an' noledy wouldn't haie
nothing to do with him. an' he's left
You can see yourself that we couldn't
very well do any thing else after the
way he used me on that hen-house."
F. fl. Carruth, it Cjhcio Tribune.
KEPT HIS PROMISE.
4. Small Boy SUrrrt from a- Reined
Ivy a Kind Word.
I remember a case that happene
years ago in Illinois. A lawyer friem
f mv fa'h-r defended a lad for-stealiu?
apj-les. me owner in me orcuaru wa
without pity, but the lawyer pleadet
that the child's act was merely one n
gluttony aud that he ought to te in
diligently treated. This was the vie
of the matter taken bv the justice am
he spoke to the accused in a fatherh
"Yon hear." he said; "what has beer
siinl ai'o'it vou. inar- vou are no imei
now 1 .-tin tfoing to acquit you, but yoi
must liiit promise that in future yon
will liehave iu a way to redeem thi
fault you have committed."
"The boy. who had been crying bit
terly, looked up. wiped away his tears,
and gave the required answer in a firm
voice. Years paved away. One day
as the lawjer stepped off the train at
D.-troit he wa accosted by a gentle
man who asked if he rememliered him.
"No. I do not ret-itli ever having seen
oii before," wan his reply.
"Well. 1 nm the little apple thief
whom you once defended. I want to
let you know that I have kept the
promise 1 n ade on that occasion, i
now own a wagon factory in this place,
am a married man ami the happy fathel
of several children. It is to you and
the good justice of that day that I am
indebted for all this. I am sure that
had I been sent to the reform school I
would very likely have grown up to Ih"
anv thing but an honest man.' Co-.
.V. O. I'icatune.
PERSONAL AND IMPERSONAL.
Rosa Bonhenr, the famous French
irti.t, goes about on sketching tours
lnd in trousers and a cutaway coat
The eldest daughter of the famous
riieodore Hook died lately in an ob
scure lodging in London so friendless
that even her burial had to be provided
by the parish.
President Cleveland and Senator
ngalls are related. Mr. Cleveland's
rrnudmothor was a Mehitable Ingalls,
who was first cousin to Rufus Ingalls.
father of tho Senator.
An old lady of seventy-six, living
si Dooly County, Ga., is able to per
form the feat of dancing a jig with a
tumbler of water balanced on her head
.without spilling a drop. .
THE ZUNI INDIANS.
A Carious People That la Neither Ancient
Cosmos Mendeleff has returned from
Arizona to Washing' on,
Mendeleff, as j
his name indicates, is a Russian, nnd
he is an intelligent and expert explorer
on the staff of Major John W. Powell,
Chief of the Bureau of Ethnology.. For
six . years he and his older brother,
Victor, have b;en engaged in the survey
of the antique ruins of Chaco and the
inhabited pueblos of Zuni and the seven
villages of Tusayati, and together they
mapped the queer habitations of those
mysterious people, and hare made foi
the National Museum models of tin
largot and most interesting pueblos. -
MendelaTbas made some three mm-.
ilred photographs and a large numbei
of free-hand sketches of the strange
residences of this remnant of a race.
"I don't know that there is. much
that is really new." said Mendeleff.
It was formerly, indeed recently,
thought that the pueblos were very
ancient tba same in which this half
civilized race lived at the time of th
Spanish conquest but we now know
better. . The inhabited villages which
exist to-day are all modern. It wa.
forraerly supjiosed that the Tusayan
Indians never changed their pl.tee o'.
alode. but held to the same site from
generation to generation. It is now
known that they have been in the habit 1; gained access to the tower room and
of abandoning their old houses and j commenced to cIimb-tothe top of the
Huilc.ing new. In early days the vil- tower. This had to be done by ascend
lage were mostly in the lowlands, and ing from the outside, and as he had
they were gradually crowded ujt r nothing to cling to one may we'd im
eHmbed up to the practically inacces i agine his t-isk. Fancy, reader, that
sible mesas sharp e'itfs. easily de- yon see a man climbing beaven-fensible-
The reasac for an abandon j ward uj.on the steeple of St
tneiit of villages a-d the building o Peter's. State street Albany,
others are many, sometimes military
but often rooted in some superstition
"The builders of these pueblos ha
very meager architectural attainroen.
Their houses are poor piles of stout
and mud. Their ingenuity was pnerile.
The element of skill is almost whoil;.
lacking. These curious ruins are simply
an evidence of the existence of a rac
with unlimited time at their disposa
and unlimited material at band. Every
where is shown a lamentable lack of
constructive ability. They did not
know how to make a square room, or
how to rear one wall at right angles,
or how t make a circle or even
-Mr. Mendeleff has comprehensive
photographs of the seven Tusayan vil
lages. Each village consists of fifteen
or twenty houses and each bouse of
several residences. The bonse is
series of terraces, receding as they rise.
The first story is alfout seven feet high,
and is approached from without only
by a ladder, which leads to a hole ir
the roof. In war times the ladder i?
Jt as pu'led up. From the rear of
this story rises the second story, sever
feet higher, m mntetl als i by a ladder. (
a h! other ladders lend to a thirJ and j
i)-rhaos fourth story. Of course the !
tirst story nn Jer this arrangement is of j
ninch the largest and the npper story '
of much the smallest area, and as the !
la ter is the lightest, the best ventilated j
and the safes", being defensible from i
all the roofs below, it is the favorite j
habitation, and usually occupied by
the officers and the aristocracy. It is j
estimated that in all the seven Tusavan
villages there are 2.0W people, Tney j
live miinly on India- corn, squashes '
and beans." They are under M inn n i:i- !
fiuence and will not permit a census oi
hold much intercourse with Americsns.
Colonel and Mrs. Stevenson had trouble
with them, and were compelled to de
par. Mr. Mendeleff and his rr!-J
were treated remarkably well and are
puzzled in trying to account for it
"Perhaps the oddest thing." a Ided
Mr. Meiilelefr. after" a m-.iment's pause.
is the status of woman in thes,. queei f
communities. She owns all the houses j
and most of the property. The man j
owns the crop in the field, but as soon ;
as it is harvested it belongs to his wife. '
She controls the houe and all that 5s iu
It. She works steadily and constantly
in the duties of the household, but she
docs no field work, and, taking it all
together, her condition compares favor
ably with that of the American farmer's
wife. The descent of all property i in
the female line and through the mother;
it is she who makes the will and pro
vides for the offspring."
'What does the man own then,?"!
he said: I
"The donkey", perhaps,"
but I am not sure about that"
"And the land?"
N j. the land is not owned individu
ally. Ever since before historic time
land has heau owned ly the whole na
tion. If an Indian goes ont and takes
up some lnd not in ne and cultivates
it, nobody can take it from him. But
if he stops us'm-r it anybody else can
jump it It belongs to the fellow that
can use it"
"How does that work?"
"Tli ere are no miiiiona'res. There
is about the same degree of comfort
that, there is among very poor people
anywhere. As to land, the shrewdest
and smartest Indian manages to get the
best, the same as under any system."
-WlV 7.N 3 WISDOM.
A watch that won't run doesn't
need nuy chain.
The very first step toward action is
the death warrant of doubt
We can not conquer fate and
necessity, vet we can yield to them in
such h manner as to be greater than if
we could. Landor.
If the greatest pleasure in life is
the plejismre of anticipation, the young
man's tailor certainly ought to be the
happiest of men. iwm-rrilie Journal.
We lire habitually trying to get
more out of life than we put into it to
empty from the vessel what the vessel
has never contained, and hence our
many failures. United' Presbyterian, .
Every one fancies that his own
neglect will do no harm, but that it is
somebody else's business to keep a
lookout for him, and this idea cherish
ed alike by all is the secret ruin of all.
Let It be borne in mind that the
cords of love which bind hearts so
closely together that neither life nor
death nor time nor eternity can sever
them are woven of threads no bigger
than a spider's- web. --
ST. STEPHEN'S CHURCH.
As Episode in Cnnii--tin With th Tower
of Vienna' iraait Sanctuary.
The street terminates at the Stephen's
Platz, and here iu the heart of all busi-
ataia is the Church of St. Stephen, the
most important oue in the city. To
enumerate nil its details would demand
Loo much time and space in this letter,
but a few may interest the reador
Facing the platz is the "liiesenthor" of
Giant's Door, which is opened on great
occasions only. Of the stained glass
windows but two are real aticientones.
In front of the veMry steps is a stone
which closes the entrance to the old
burial vault of the sovereigns of Aus-
tria. The pulpit is of 1512 a-ul exe-
cnted in stone. Lxten-ive reparations
are still, being; carried on in the inte
rior. The exterior is much blanched.
and is ' covered with sculptures, sorp?
of which are in a verv bad condition.
The toWer. which rises above every thing
else in the city, is 4i9 feet high. It
was erected in 1860-4 in lace of the old
one, which, owing to its condition, had
to be taken down. The finest view
over the city is to be had from the top
of this tower.
There is a little episode in connec
tion with this tower worth giving. It
illustrates bow Kaiser Joseph is thought
of by his sajbjit-l-s. The evening pre
ceding the King's birthday a man
fierce wind blowing around his body
is wrapped a flag- For two long hours
he toils upward. All below are uncon-.
scious of the unusual proceeding which
is going on save a comrade, who '
breathlessly awaits the resnlt of his
companion's venture. At this stage
the fire watchmen, who inhabit the
tower in order to give alarm in case of
fire breaking out in the city, dis--rn an
obiect above them and call out: "Who
is there?" The climber, now near the
summit, hears and answers: "Only L
I am going to hang out a flag for the
Emperor's birthday." Upon this word
is telegraphed to a police station that
a man is climbing the tower. Police
men come upon the scene. The wait
ing eomrade is seen with the climber's "
boots and. asked who they belong to,
replies: Oh, to my companion, who
is aloft" Meanwhile the climber has
reached the top. and he manages to get
the flag from his bfdy, and what is
more, a huge pole which he had car
ried over his back, and then at then at
the height of 449 feet he elings with
one hand to his frail support, ties the
Pue to the top of the tower and the
flaft to it After remaining there half
an hour he makes the descent in two
more hours, and is met by a policeman,
who "nqnires: "Are these yonr boots?
"Yes. "Then put them on." and hej
Is rrrarched off to the station. Upon
being qnestioned he stated that he
merely wished to give his Emperor a
and he was immediately re-
And for over a week many
persons coo Ul be seen standing gazing
up at he flag and prophesying that it
would falL After thi the tower was
inclosed for a wav up bv boards, but
the feat was again attempted by a
youth, who, after going a short dis
tance, gave it up and returned to "four
teen days" for his smartness. Now
spikes may be seen in place of boards,
and the one w!h next attempts the as
cent will doubtless soon be in need of
a tailor. Cor. Albany (X. T.) Argus.
Every Braark of Trad,.
The Minister of the United States at
Pekin. China, transmits to the State
Department at Washington an interest
ing article on the Chinese guilds, in
which it is shown that every branch of
bnsiness and every trade is arbitrarily
controlled by these despotic, organiza
tions. The trade unions boyeott op-
pressively. regulate hours, apprentices,
cause strikes, and adjust prices in a j'
very complete manners The guild 3JT7,t oTCsTfe,
have grind bails, with very expensive
decorations, they being arranged . for
the use of the memlters somewhat as
i are onr club houses. The methods of
j the trade guilds are somewhat noveL
One nieniber of the gold leaf craft at
Soochow recently violated the rule,
and too more than one apprentice at
one time. His union punished him by
biting him to death. The union was .' v
composed of 123 nien. and each mem-.
ber set his teeth in the flesh of the of
fending brother. Other penalties
slight infractions of the rules are : the
furnishing of a theatrical perform- '"
ance, a feast for over ten, and qusmti
ties of liquors. While their rule is,
undoubtedly, very despotic, the Minis
ter considers them not altogether
harmful, as they administer justice and
compel their members to act honestly.
The language of the Bible grows
more harmoniously luminous with tha
growing light, when its words are read
and interpreted simply, as words still
living; they are found to give the
spiritual message which each age re
quires, the one ir.essivge made audible
to each hearer in the language wherein
he was born. Canon Wcstcott. -
Attachment to Jesus Christ,
planted in a human soul by the-Holy
Spirit is the groundwork, and tte- only
possible groundwork, of a beautiful and"
effective Christian elfaracter. The
deeper this love, tho deeper the piety.
The stronger this love, tho greater will
be the rejwlinesj to make costly
sacrifices for his cause. Mornina Star.
--"Hang the luck!" exclaimed the
foreman, as he w;ts busily at work .
making up the paper, "I've pied the-
whole galley of this, leading editoria.
on the Chinese question, and in five'
minutes it will. lie time to go to press-ay f
What in blazes am I going to do?' Ml
TTiat's all right" said the editor
easily. "Pick it up as well us you can
and run it in as a new dialect story by .
a rising young Southern author. It's -
sure to make a tremendous hit" '
trviilt Journal. - - -
- -- s