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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 3, 1888)
(I8SP EVERY FRIDAY.) '
H. Y. KIRKPATKICK . Publisher
Ettv dsscrtptloci of
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Each addi ioual lusertkm 15
Local Notices, per Hue 15 cent,
Regular advei tlsenif nt iiwrted iipnn ll'wm! tvntw.
Jill Printin Dose oa Start Mice.
Legal Blacks, Business Cards.
Letter Heads, BiU Heads,
Circulars, Posters, Eto.
Executed In rood stle and at lowest Bvfof prices.
I LEBANON, OREGON, FIUDAW AUGUST ;J, 1888.
IKBASOX IDDOK, SO. 4. A. F. A. M : Meets
at their new kail in Masonic muck, on Satui day
rauinff, on or before the full uioott.
J WA3SON, W. M.
LEBANON tODGE, NO. 7. I. O. O. F.: MseU Sat
urday evening of eah w.tk. at Odd l-VH' s Hull,
M iia street; visiuni brethren conllnllv Invited to
atuud. J. J. . HARLToX. S. Q.
HOJfilR LODGK NO. SS. A O. TT. W., I.-bnon.
4 Ireiton: Meets every first and third Thursday even
lngs in the luutlth. F.
11. tWSUfk M. V .
A. R. CYRUS A CO.,
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan
General Collection and Xotary Public
JBasiness Promptly Attended to.
M. N. KECK.
DESICNER AND SCULPTOR,
llenumrnts and Headstones,
ALL KISDS OF CEMETERY WORK
FINE MONTMENTS A 8PECIALTY.
Opp R :rere Roiue,
St. Charles Hotel,
IT. W. Corner Main and Sherman Street, two Block
East of B K Depot.
T. C. PEEBLER & CO. Prop.
Tables Supplied with the Best the Market
Sample Rooms and tbe Best Accommodations for
-GENERAL, STAGE OFFICE.-
Enlarging from Small Pictures. In
Groceries and Provisions,
TOBACCO & CIGARS,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
t)seetware and Glassware.
Lamps and Lamp Fixtures
Slain St, Lebanon. Ore trow.
ST. JOHN'S HOTEL
JOHN T. DAVIS, Proprietor
The table is supplied with the very best the
Nice clean beds, and satisfaction guaranteed
to all guests.
In connection with the above house
Keeps a Feed and Sale Stable, and will
accommodate tourists and travelers with
t'.ams, guides and outfit.
BURKHART & BILYEU,
Proprietors of the
Livery, Sale ami Feed Staples
Southeast Corner of Main and Sherman.
Fine Buggies, Hacks.Har
COOD RELIABLE HORSES
For parties going to Brownsville, Wa
terloo, Sweet Home, fecio, ana an
parts of Linn County.
All kinds of Teaming
BURKHART & BILYEU.
HOUSES IN ALGIERS.
Queer Ways of Urine Uncomfortable Cos
tume, or the Women.
The "regulation.' Arab house is al-
ways commenced In thd same way:
whatever the shape of the lot of ground
is there must bo a square court, some.
times with a fountain in the center,
and a colonnade surrounding the court;
in the smallest a column, with orna
mented balustrade between, at each
corner supports on horseshoe arches
the upper story, with a repetition of the
same number of columns and arches
supporting the roof; then rooms of ev
ery conceivable shape and to suit the
convenience of the owner and to make
the best of every inch of the lot, are
built around the court, the doors and
windows, with iron gratings, opening
into it; the outer wall forming a kind
of fortress, with few and very small
windows. The Arabs as well as the
English, can say that "a man's house
is his castle." In the large country
houses the same rule is observed on a
larger scale, and with more columns,
with a very extensive outer court, en
closed by a long colonnade and walL
Baia's house was of the most modest
order, a mere nutshell: a court seven
feet by four was converted once a week
into an extensive laundry where Fat
ma, a jovial and good-notured negress.
was in her element Under the stair
way, just wide enough for one, was a
well, next to which was a tiny room,
which received light only from the
court The lame and lonely woman
who occupied it did all her cooking at
the door, and when she was fortunate
enough to afford to fry any thing like a
mutton-chop, I was obliged to leave my
easel for the time being.
Once a week every thing is turned
out, on the acknowledged system, for
a thorough house-cleaning; buckets of
water deluged the tiled floors of the
court and under the little colonnade.
while a mop was used for the bed
rooms, which were also tiled. Wood
is seldom employed in the construction
of floors, as tiles are cooler in summer,
do not warp, are more ornamental and
cheaper. Her old mother abominated
shoes, and to see her assist in the gen
eral washing up on cold and rainy
days, going barefooted about the house
on the cheerless tiles, sent a chill to
my very marrow. To acknowledge
and return my sympathy, she ex
pressed her discomfort at seeing me at
work in a big overcoat and thick-soled
boots. When I went to see our friend
Belkassem at home with his family the
rain was pouring into the open court
of his dwelling, and his five children
were standing about on their bare feet
like forlorn, wet chickens; the mother,
with a babe in her arms, was afflicted,
like all her little brood, with sore
It is a strange fact that many of the
natives of hot countries wear almost
the same clothing winter and summer,
and do not seem to suffer from cold
when the thermometer stands at a few
degrees, in the severest weather, almvc
freezing point. Arab women are al
ways curious to see how European la
dies are dressed, and examine atten
tively their clothes and jewelry.
If the Europeans show the same
interest, and inquire into tin
dressing of the natives, thev
often find to their surprise, on cold
days, on lifting the haik of a Moorish
woman, nothing but a gauze chemise
and a thin cottou bodice covering the
breasts and a very small part of the
back, and from tbe waist to the feet
cotton p.'mt.-iloons. ample, it i3 true,
butYiot warm. The haiks are often
made of hand-woven wool, very thick
and warm, others of silk, while the
poorer classes wear a few yards of thin
white cotton stuff. The large halks
are about eighteen feet long by five
feet wide. With one of these, with
their vail to the eyes and falling about
fourteen inches, and with pantaloons
made up of seventeen yards of white
cotton tid at the waist and ankles, the
reader will have but little difficulty in
understanding how they can conceal
their figures and keep themselves warm.
But such ample drapery is comparative
luxury, and enjoyed by the wealthy
oi4y. On the other hand, one pities
them in hot weather for being ooliged
to wear the vail and follow the fashion
among the ladies of their standing of
burdening their frames with such a
weight of apparel.
ith all this drapery the women s
husbands and acquaintances readily
recognize them by their bearing and
gait; but one can form no idea, or a
very inaccurate one, of a woman from
what the exterior forms suggest. F.
A. Bridgman, in Harper's Magazine.
How Daniel Boone Died.
A Kentucky newspaper seventy years
old, and just found among some old
papers, gives the following account of
the death of Daniel Boone : "As he
lived so he died, with his gun in his
hand. We are informed by a gentle
man direct from Boone's settlement on
the Missouri, that early last month
Colonel Boone rode to a deer lick and
seated himself within a blind raised to
conceal him from the game; that while
sitting thus concealed, with his trusty
rifle in his hand, pofnted towards the
lick, the muzzle resting on a log, his
face to the breech of his gun, his riflo
cocked, his finger on the trigger, one
eye shut, the other looking along the
barrel through the sights in this posi
tion, without a struggle or motion, and
of course without pain, he breathed out
his last so gently that when he was
found next day by his friends, although
stiff and cold, lie looked as if alive, with
his run in hi hand just in the act of
tiring." Clricago Tribune.
The printers have been exceptionally
exempt from falling victims to the
cholera epidemic which have recently
occurred in the South American con
tinent When the yellow fever epi
demic in 18G8 created consternation
here the Typographical Union had only
to pay the expenses for two members,
and both of them recovered. Now to
day the same incident is recorded in
Chili with respect to cholera, where we
find that, according to the report of the
president of the Typographical Union
of Valparaiso, up to the date of his
last report not one of the one hundred
members of the Union had been at
tacked. Thus they enjoyed the same
good fortuu they ha'cf experienced
during the previousyeaiv.
WHY BROWN WAS JILTED.
A Domestic Melodrama son It. Harrow-
The other day Miss Jones spent the
afternoon with her friend and former
school-mate, Mrs. Smith, who ha9 been
married several years aud has a beauti
I heard the other day that you were
engaged to Mr. Brown. Is there any
truth it?" asked Mrs. Smith of her
friend, who w s holding the baby.
"I am not engaged to Mr. Brown."
But ain't yon going to be? lie is
such a nice, steady young man."
That depends upon circumstance".
One thing is sure, if he expects me to
take ndvantage of my leaj-year privi
leges he will wait a good long while,"
replied Miss Jones.
"But would you accept him if he were
to projHjse?" queried Mrs. Smith.
"I am nt q-iite sure that I would.
Men are so unreliable."
'Don't you love him?" asked Mrs.
"O. he is a very nice gentleman, but
there are so many unhappy marriages
that I don't think I care to take any
"You should get raarriel by all
means. 1 used to think and talk just
like yon, but now ihvt I am married I
am twice :ts happy as I was.
I have a
good, kind husband."
"You never quarrel, I suppose. He
never says any thing rude or unkind,
and ho never crocs out at night and
comes home late?"
"O. no. of course not."
"Never grumbles alout the expense?"
"What a strange girl jou are? What
makes you ask such foolish, silly ques
Well, you know there are some
"I've read about some such cases of
brutality, and I've heard people talk
about such husbands, but I don't know
any thing about it."
"I am so glad for your sake that you
are happy. II w sound the dour little
"Yes; I wish you would tak him in
the next room and put him in his little
cradle," said Mrs. Smith. Her frieud
complie 1 with hor request.
While Miss Jones was in the next
room the door was suddenly opened
and Mr. Smith entered. He had just
eon.e homo and did not know Miss
Jones was in the house. It was pi .tin
to see that he was as mad as a wet hen.
Shaking a bill at his wife, he said in a
hoar-e. cynical tone:
Here is anotherone of your infernal
bills. You must think I'm made of
"11-u s-h!" said his wife, putting her
finger to her lips aud pointing into the
"Hush." he blanked. "I don't give a
continental whether the blank brat
squalls or not. 1 want you to under
stand that I don't propose to put up
with any more of your extiMvatiaice.
This is is the second hat yon have had
since we were married. Do you pro
pose to break me up in business with
your senseless extravagance? By the
way you buy new hats one would sup
pose yon had half a dozen fool heads on
"O. George! Dear George!"
Just cheese that deah George rack-
: et (iuisi:ieking her.) Oaly last week I
I paid a grocery bill of one dollar ami
thiity-seven cents. You must thiuk I'm
a little Jay Gould on wheels. Did a man
bring a demijohn of brandy and two
hundred cigars for me?"
"Yes, and here is the bill for fifty
For heaven's sake quit looking as
if y u were going to blubber! I just
came home 1 1 tell )-ou not to sit up for
me. After the lodge is out I am going
so attend a little oyster supper with
the boys and soma theatrical people
down at the hotel. I may not get back
before three o'clock." and off he was.
Of cour-e Miss Jones heard every
word of this joint discussion, and when,
shortly afterward. Brown proposed, he
was jilted and bounced so promptly
that he left the house without his hat
and cane. He was even more aston
ished than the lightning was when it
struck a magazine containing 1,755.843
pounds of giant powder. Mocking Bird.
Gum and Peppermint
Chewing gum has come to be con
sidered the popular cure for dyspepsia,
at least by those young dames who
have reason to imagine that they sutler
from the ill effects of midnight suppers
and too long a series of dinner parties.
In Newport lat summer peppermint
drops wero introduced at a certain
point in the meal and partaken of by
every one, and at an entertainment
which was given recently, when ice
cream was served, Jamaica ginger was
pas-ed and a few drops recommended
to counteract the effects of the ico.
When the plates were changed for the
last time at a gentleman's dinuer, given
a few nights ago. each one held a ticket
for a Turkish bath, a sad commentary
on the condition that the guests must
Lave been in. 2f. J. Press.
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
The Presbyterian church, organ
ized in 178& has 389 presbyteries 8.323
ministers. 11,212 churches or parishes
and 750,000 members.
American churches are springing
up all over the Argentine Republic,
nearly every important town having
one with a Sunday-school attachment
The number of women attending
co-educational colleges has doubled
since 1874. About the same number
of women are attending co-educational
colleges that are attending separate
Nearly all the German universities
have l.-irgi endowments, and yet the
state budget everv year gives them
large fums of money. The University
of Leipzig, for instance, is more than
four hundred years old and has large
possessions of real estate in the city,
The Saxon Government, however,
gives it every year about $400. 000.
The Baptist Theological Seminary
at Morgan Park, near Chicago, lately
dedicated a new building for chapel,
library and recitation purposes. It is
a two-story structure of brick, with
stone basement and granite trimmings.
Building and grounds cost fS8.000,
and were the gift of Mr. E. Nelson
Blake, president of the seminary's
board of trustees.
PRINCESS SALM SALM.
(nt.r.stlna Hlatorjr of m Romantle, ClueesT
rod and ttveatfal Life.
Several queries have been made of
late as to what became of Princess
Salm Salm, an American lady whose
venturesome character elevated her
from the common people to the rank
of Princess. Newspaper stories have
lecn published from time to time about
her, but none contain a full and cor
rect account of her life and final dis
appearance from the eyes of the world.
The last days of her career were a
l.appy conclusion of a life full of ro
taantic associations. Through the
kindness of L. E. Hinckley, now resid
ing in this city, but who was born and
raised in the Princess' native village,
the Call is enabled to give some inter
esting particulars of her life.
Well I remember," he said to a
reporter, "when yet a child in my na
tive town of Philipsburg. Province of
Quebec, listening to old Captain Henry
Joy spinning yarns in his little cob
bler's shop. We called him Captain,
but he was a privateersman in the
American service, and finally settled,
down to mending shoes and harness.
His wife was an Indian sqnaw a
Cherokee, I believe the pet of all the
little children and a female doctor.
They were married many years and
bad a family of two sons and four
daughters, hut died some years since.
These were the parents of Princess
Salm Salm. quite illiterate and without
any ambition, aud they were always
the same there. Adelaide Joy, the
Princess, was a remarkable child, and
even then would ride bareback horses
through the country without any fear.
She could shoulder a gun. too, and
spent many a day hunting in the woods.
School was a matter of small impor
tance to her, so at fifteen she went to
work in private families. This monot
onous life was badly suited to her ad
venturous spirit, and at seventeen she
went to St Albnns, Vt, and thence
South with Charani's circus as a tight
rope walker and equestrienne, under
the assumed name of Agnes Sinclair.
"It was rumored that she was mar
ried to a performer, but she was cer
tainly married to some officer of the
Federal array after she had left the cir
cus when the war broke out She trav
eled to Mexico with this officer, and
there met Prinee Salm Salm. who ac
companied Maximilian. Salm Salm
was Priuce of a province or princedom
in Germany, and was sentenced to be
shot with Maximilian, but through ber
pleadings the Mexican authorities par
doned him, with the understanding
that he should immediately depart for
Germany. It was never known what
became of the American officer, but
the Princess then accompanied Salm
Salm to his native land, and they li;ed
together there in peace till
the out- 1
break of the Franco-Prussian war.
Then the Frince fought with the Prus
sian army and fell before Metz. She
died alout three years ago in Germany,
arid left two sons, who are young men
"During Ler lifetime she never for
got her parents. A letter would be
received regularly every three months
by the postmaster of Philipsburg, and
it contained a remittance with another
letter for the old couple. Her picture
and that of her husband and children
were suspended in the little cobbling
shop and would be shown with pride
by the old father. The postmaster was
always instructed not to disclose her
identity to that of the people, lest it
might cuin her social standing in
Europe. After her death she was high
ly spoken of. and ber charitable acts
during the Franco-Prussian war are
When a domestic servant her natu
ral desire for adventure and the stage
induced her to study Shakespeare, and
she - purchased large volumes of his
-works. In her palmy days, when Phil
ipsburg had been parted from her for
ever, these same books wrapped up old
shoes and the illustrations adorned the
walls of the shop.
The Princess was a dark brunette,
very handsome and engaging in man
ners, still she was not a woman who
depended on natural gifts or graces as
objects to gain her ends. She died at
the age of fifty-five to sixty years.
'lhe whole family are now in good
circumstances. One son, Henry Joy,
is now a prominent physician of Chi
cago; the other, George, is a purser of
a Cham plain steamer. Mrs. Mendall,
a sister, is owner of the Mendall Lith
ographing Company, of Chicago, aud,
in her oivn way. made a success of
life. She married a working-man, who
died quite young, leaving a small busi
ness, which she then managed, with
good results. She now has several
houses on Dearborn avenue and is
reputed very wealthy. Another sister
is married to a Philadelphia banker,
and the fourth is the wife of a United
States official in Mexico. George re
sides in Philipsburg with his daughter
aud guards the old homestead, where
a reunion of the family is sometimes
held." San 1'rancisco Call.
China now furnishes a third only
of the tea used in England. Iudiis
furnishes the greater part
American capitalists are said to
have $12 000.000 Invested in gold
mines in Honduras.
The Prussian and German De
partments of Justice have commis
sioned Judge Aschrott to study and
report upon the American penal sys
tem, with the view of making it the
basis of a new system in Germany.
Isabella, the ex-Queen of Spain,
has grown so stout that she has had
to have a carriage made with an open
ing at the back that falls and forms a
doorway to allow her to enter. It
In various military districts in
Germany, as well as in Holland, trials
have been made of wire soles covered
with a substance resembling India
rubber. These soles are said to be
more durable than those made of
leather, and to cost only about half
Mount Vesuvius serves as a gi
gantic barometer and thermometer for
Naples. The direction in which the
smoke from the crater blows indicates
unerringly a comUig change of weather
twenty-four hours in advance. Also
tbe approach of the hot and depress
GENIUS AT WORK.
Kreentrlcltle. of Soma of the Famous
Stan or tlio World.
Voltaire had In h s roo.u sometime''
I've desks, at which he pursued differ
The great romancer, Balzac, after a
frugal dinner at six or seren o'clock,
was culled at midnight when he t ok
a cup of black couch, or green, rather,
and extremely strong, and worked till
Turgot never worked but when In
had dire I heartily.
- Pitt hever ate but at his own table,
which was fruga'. only when he h id
some imimitant affair t discuss lie
took a little port wine with a spoonful
of Peru v an bark.
Ad ison speaks of an advocate win
would never plead a case without hav
ing his hand to the end of a threat'
drawn tightly round one of his thuml
all the time his speech lasted. The
wags sa d It was the thread of his dis
course. Dr. Shapman relates that a celebra
ted advocate of Loudon, always n-
plied a blister t hi arm whenever lie
had an important case to plead.
Girodet never h.ved to work durlr.g
the day. At night, when inspiration
fnnio to him. he arose, lighted candles,
and. half muflled up. painted.
Michael Angelo did nearly the same,
but with a single candle.
The historian. Mezeray, would wo k
only with a candle, even t midday ai d
midsummer. He never tailed to wi,!t
on his visitors, even to the street, willt
a candle in his hand.
Gretry, to animate himself wlie.i
composing, breakfasted and took coflW
and then applied himself day and night
to h's piano.
Bossttet worked in t dd room, with
his head warmly enri 3. .ped.
Jt is said that M-hiH ;r. before com
M!ng, put his feet in cold water.
Guido Kent painted with much
pomp. He dressed himself magnifi
cently, and had his pupils attend him
i;i sence ranged around him.
't? arti, the musician, composed only
in darkness. -
Michael Angelo, Leonardo da Vinca.
Titian. Kill ens, passed from the chisel j
in me pen or me i.rusn. xui ctiange
rested them frfim the preceding work;
in 1 thus, during long life, they ac
complished marvelous works.
S miic jH-rsons can think only Blami
ng, or in talking the room with swift
strides. Some, like Montesquieu.
Hm;ose in a post-chaise. One has
need of complete isolation, profound
ratio; another of the on air and the
iinNe of the crowit
Buflon wrote in lr co ruffles; Alex
ander Dumas in his shirt sleeves.
M:ltni composed his "Paradise Lost"
in a large arm-chair, and bis head
Fx had eaten heartilv hi
would retire to his study, envelope his
head in a napkin soaked in vinegar
! and water, and work sometimes ten
i hours in succession.
Jeremy Bentham jotted his ideas on
Uttlu Squares of paper, which lie piled
j upon each other, and this little pile of
; papers S' itched together were the first
foi m of his manuscripts.
f Napoleon hail h s particular mode of
; meditation anil work. When he was
nit i-i council he sta d in Ins study.
; tH (J to h inself and
child, cut the arms of h's chair; then
ud lenly rousing up. would give the
plan of a monument to bo erected, or
of one of the great military movements
"which ns'.ouished tbe world. Chicago
ONE MAN'S WORK.
The Arrsvs Individual Illarnre
9t. Loalaan In Honduras.
Durinrmy travels in Honduras last
ye ir, 1 found, situated several days'
journey in the interior, a mine that
w s discovered in 147 by a native
who has since continued to work it,
but in a slow nnd i ellicicnt niMnner.
The old miner lias driveu severnl tun
nels, or rather levels, averaging each
al out 70 yards long, about 9 feet high,
and about 5 feet wide. The di-tance
vertieallv between the levels is about
20 feet; the several levels are conneet
el by independent shafts alxutl 4 feet
by 6 feet, situated at different points,
descending from level to level, each
an average of say 29 feet Tims the
total length rf the seven levels t qnals
a total of 490 yards, and the tota'
dept i of the seven shafts of 29 feet
e:ien equals 20J feet. Until the last
eight years this native worked his
in ne for silver only w ithout any assay.
He then discovered he was throw. r.g
away much more value in gold than he
saved in silver. His only mode of ex
tracting the gold h s been and is by
carrying the ore out of the mine in a
sack to a huge boulder on the surface,
in which is cut a concavity somelhiug
larger than a hat crown in size. An
other round boulder tits into this cav
ity, and is worked l3" a wooden handle
mortised into its top. The dirt ami
rock from the mine is rather soft. It
is easily pulverized in this primitive
manner, then washed and the gold
gathered by quicksilver. This mugni-
ttulc of tho work accomplished bv Ih's
old man during the lastl'oity years, in
his poor way, is simply incredible, for
he has done it all himself with a single
bar of iron. The natives never use
powder for mining, but do all the work
with a short iron bar. If the work
can not thus bo done they invarinbly
abandon the mine. C. . PvW:rs, in
1. Louis O obc-CemocrvU
A novel and excellent feature has
ecu introduced in the high school at
Caldwell, Kan., which keeps a file oi
ill the leading county papers, with
magazines and papers for young peo
ple, nil of which are accessible to the
students at unemployed moments.
Every afternoon a portion of the time
is devoted to live topics of the day.
On a recent Friday one of the students
gave an extended account of the rail
road strike, another the death of Em
peror William, and his successor;
others of the life of Miss Alcott, of the
Eastern blizzard. Oklahoma. to.
Europe now hm twen.y-two cre
matories, ten of them added within the
past year, while no less than 600 bodies
have been burned in Germany and 800
in Italy. The United States has seven
crematories, with six buil ling. Thus
it seems that prejudice against crema
tion is fast abating.
Fl b,rm,s Wttb
Considerable Aw a.
A very large and ancient-looking
shark has been .rimming about Tabo.
a Bay recently. It is known to the
Islanders and generally down the bay
by its marks, aud by those who know
It, It is culled the "Somberera." owing
to it having seized and eaten a man fl
Anton some years ago under peculiar
circumstances. It appears a schooner
wits sailing slowly along oft Anton
Point when the hat of one of the crew
was blown overb ard. The man
jumped into the sea to regain his hat,
when he was seized by this shark
which promptly dived with Its prey.
Subsequently, oil the Morro Island, the
same animal was seen to seize the
brother of the Rev. Salinas, of Toboga.
while he was bathing, and to cany
him under. No further traces of his
second victim were ever seen.
The same shark is credited by the
bay sailors with other deaths, but the
instances mentioned are vouched for
by many. Tbe natives, who claim to
recognize it as an annual visitor, speak
of these inc:dents as a matter of island
history, dating from th period when
the factory of the Pacific Steam Navi
gation Company was at the Morro,
and when the animal first acquired
notnrlely by eating an Englishman
who attempted to swim from a vessel
then at anchor there to another.
All the fishermt n hare a peculiar, and
it apMnrs wel'-founded, terror of this
animal, and none will dive iu the vicin
ity o its haunt although the water is
not over fiv feet in depth. In connec
tion with this carnivorous monster, the
old inhabitants 'f Taboga relate a
legend, and in which they appear to
have perfect faith, which is worth re
counting. They believe thatbelow the
ppot where lie s const: ntly swims,
when on his periodical visits toTabo-.
there lies a valuable coral bed. and
when in that vicinity the shark believes
it to be its peculiar duty "to keep con
stant and careful guard over r.tat
One thing In connection with this
peeu'.iar legend Is, however, certain.
md that is that none of the bay divers.
and they are all good men. as they
have proved when pe rl fishing, will
attempt to dive in that vicinity, and
you can not persuade any of the
islanders, addicted as they are to the
water, to bathe in that place. This
animal, we are informed, is of the
shark species, and not a marine mon
ster of the flat-headed type, such as
was the last big one canght there some
few years ago by an Italian ni.t--of-wir
which was then at anchor off that
island. i'o iamt Star.
Thousands of the Little Creatnree Attack
an Indiana tlooeer.
Many instances are narrated of wea-
sles attacking, savagely b.ticg and
sometimes even killing human beings.
But squirrels are regarueU as more
timid aud harmless animals, yet the
following anecdote illustrates that
thev. under certain circumstances, may
become formidable antagonists. Colo
nel J. I Cult crtson. of Edwardsport,
lnd.. tells it as a story of his experi
ence about the year 1854. the time of
the preat migration of squirrels from
the East to the u est
He was a young man then, and one
day took his rifle and went about a
mile from town to hunt He was going
through the woods when he met the
army of squirrel iuey became so
thick around him and seemed so fear
less that be stood in amazement
Finally he struck one with a stick. The
squirrel uttered a sharp squeak, and in
stantly mvriads of squirrels from
all directions rushed to the de
fense of their associate and attacked
Mr. Culbertson, who kicked them
off and clubbed at them with his gun.
They climbed up his legs, jumped upon
his back and on top of his head. He
fought desperately, but the more ha
succeeded in hurting, the louder the
chattering and screaming around, him
became, which only brought greater
numbers of the infuriated little am
mals to the attack. They bit his legs and
arms and gashed his face and neck, and
lacerated his hands, fairly scrambling
over each other in their fierce assault
He dropped his gun and retreated as
fast as he could, fighting desperately
as he went Blood streamed down his
face and neck and hands. They bit
him through the ears, and held on until
thev actually tore their hold loose. He
got out of the woods, and still scores
followed him and clung to him until
they wero pulled off by the clerk and
others in a store into which young Cul
bertson rushed for assistance. Some
of the friends who helped to pull off
the squirrels, and who saw him come
inlo town literally leset with them,
still reside at Edwardsport His friends
washed his wounds and stayed the flow
of blood which trickled down his legs
and back and gushed from his face and.
neck, an , with good care and atten-
j tion, he slowly recovered. Youth's
Senator Ingal's will rewrite his
novel, the manuscript of which was
recently burned with Lis house at
. Wilkie Collins says that he has
written some of his most entertaining
passages while suffering intensely with
General Lew Wall.-c has received
f.17.000 as royalties ou "Ben Hur," the
sales of which have reached nearly
Mr. Herbert Spencer works three
hours a day dictating all his writings.
His favorite recreation is found in
The father of Amelia Rives, the
Viriri.iia authoress, is chief engineer
of the Panama Railroad Company,
with an office in Colon.
"Octave Thanet," who has be
come known as the writer of very
brisrht and oritrinal short stories, is
Miss Alice French, of Davenport, la.
"Strange, isn't it," remarked
Haggles, "how even the greatest men
pass out of the minds of peop'e? As
soon as a dignitary dies he is straight
way forgotten, and all the interej
centers in his succesgjjJesTes,
ranrjnured Snaggles, "nothing suc
ceeds like successor.
The Half--Mythical Traditions t tba
Among the most interesting monu
ments of pie-historic pagan tirr.es in
Ireland are those found on and near
the bunks of the river Bo-tie. in the
eutity of Me-ith. a few miles west of
Drogheda. Her was a -cemetery of
some of the princes and' chieftains of
Erin at a period to which no certain
date can be ascribed, but to which may
Im) i ef erred the h.-il -mythical tradi
tions of the Tuatha-de-Datiaan, the
f:dr-haired race of arrangers, valiant
horsemen, singers and hariser and
magicians, who are supposed to lv ve
conquered some part of the island, and
to have established their King's throne
on the hill of Tara. Of their protracted
war against the Fomorians and the
Firlxdgs. whoever those invaders were;
if the Fomoriau King B lor. who had
one eye in the in:d lie of bis fotehe.td
and another in the back of his head.
which could kill men bv a glance; and
f a ad a Airgeat Lamb, the King with
ilver band, m.-uin to replace his
hand lost in the battle of Moytura. the
lovers of romantic fables may read at
their pleasure. It is probable th .t
Meath was, in a very remote age, the
alwule of a warlike teople. who gained
vvmsiderahle nseeiidwncy over the
tril.s ,if th adjnee t parts of Jreland.
and whose King may sometimes have
Ix-eti the head of a federal league to re
sist the incursions of the Danes and
N 'rsemen. " 1
Tne scpuleh- al mounds, cairns or
hnrrows in the neigh borhoorof Dowth
and Newgraiige. associated with the
names of King Du bath and Arhnd
Aldai (the name of Dowfh'' being a
torruption of Dubbth in the opin
ion of Celtic scholars) were ex-tinmed
by members of the Royal Irish Acad-
m v tortv vejir ago. tne uowtn
mound is an immense pile of small
boulder stones, in the interio" of which
are chambers and passages constructed
of very large bb-a'ts of stone rudely
laid toge her in the tlolmen fashion
of IV i t-mv and othr Celtic examines;
the first rhamlier. formed in the shape
of a cross (thongh certainlv not o-
Christian d sign), eont.t'ned a broken
stone coflin. with a few bronze or iron
ornaments, and half-burnt human
liones. A pafsvge twenty-seven feet
long conducts to a series of small
cypts. and to a square chamber, the
stones of which are sculpt ured with a
variety of decorative, perhaps symbol
ical, patterns and devices. The more
important of these have engageI the
study of antiquarians with a view to
ascertain their possible significance.
They appear in the greatest richness
and ci mplexity on the huge stoni s f
'he interior of the great sepulchral
monument at Newgrange; the carvings
are of wonderful diversity circles,
spirals, zig-zig. indentations, lozenges
and lines and dots, which some think
to be a form of writing. I.owIoh Seic
Ilnw Teople Mtsht be Tao-ht the Rights
and Duties of leixenship.
Fonr Indian students lielonging to
the H.-tmpton Inst tute were taken to
llsiii t n recently by one . of their
te-c ers t get an idea of public busi
ness ami the duties of citizenship.
F.rst they stopped at the bank, where
th routine of the ba king business
was explained to them, and they were
shown the great safe, and all the curi
osities of the place. Next they visited
tbe office of the tax-c-dlector. and
learned all aliout the processes by
which the public treasury is every year
r-rdeiiishcd and emjtieL
Then they called upon the mayor,
who told them what his duties were,
and explained the other departments
of the city government They went to
t' e office of the eonnty clerk, where
they examined the records f the
ancient town, which go back fc the be
ginning of the last century. They
.vere greatly interested in some of the
liiaint entries. Here. too. they learned
how 'and is bought and sold, how deeds
are drawn, executed, recer led and
Finally, they took their seats in the
mil t-room. and heard part of the t.lal
of a case. Here an Indian would find
himself at home, as he is fond of argu
ment and takes naturally to oratory.
One of the. students, who wrote a brief
account of this tour, gave his impres
sions of the M-ene:
"We heard lawyers arguing to the
judge on Mints of law. From this we
got some good ideas of law. or how a
aw can be twisted to fit e t'l-r side.
We heard each man make his side clear.
but did not stay long enough to hear
how the judge decided. From what
the lawyers said, they were Iki1i right,
but we were sure that somewhere be-
v nd our short vision something was
With this visit to the court-room their
afternoon's lesson in civil government
ended, lney returned to meir college
with a keen interest in ihe subj-ct. and
strongly desirous of r.peatiug their
There is i hint here for teachers of
high scli-ols in which an attempt is
made to te ch the pupils the rights and
duties of citizenship, which surely
ought to be part of the scheme of every
idvanced school. Our Indian lads.
however, attempted too much for one
day. A series of visits to public offices.
with explanations of their uses anal
methods, would lie an excellent . sup i
pleinent to the lessons learned from the
Ixk k. Youi'i's Companion.
According to the annual report o:
the treasurer of Yalo College tho tola
amount of the university, funds is
$."' '2. 705. 6 . and '?f the academical
funds. 1.03 ). 420.43. The income 1
the academical department is about
JMOi.ow ami us expenses aoout f i.u.-
00A The largest item under this head
is for salaries of instructors. $93,892.
The Sheffield Scientific School, one of
the most prosperous arms of the uni-
versity. lias investments amounting
to $160.989. 21. Its receipts are stated
to lie $70,9(7 63, and its expenses $64,
533.65. Prejudice is the conjuror of imag
inary wrongs, strangling truth, over
powering reason, making strong men
weak and weak men weaker. God
give ns the large-hearted charity which
beareth all things, believeth all
things hopeth all things, endureth all
things;" which "thinketh np evA."
The Losses Farmers Sustain
Cattle Too Loo.
That many farmers are heavy losers
by keeping animals intended solely for
producing meat too long is certain.
All the reports of our fat stock fairs
show that the gain in weight of cattle
is the greatest while thev are young,
and the smallest . after they hav
reached maturity. They also show ' .
that young animals will thrive and be
come fat on cheaper food than old ones
wilL Young cattle will take on flesh
and fat if they have no other fo"d than
grass in the summer and hay in tho -winter.
Old cattle, however, must
have grain or they will not improve ia
condition. Their appetite is not si
keen and their digestion is not as good
as when they were young. The like ia
:rue in respect to pigs. When young
hey will eat almost any thing, and
a-ill eonvert much of It into flesh and
fat As they advance in age they take
'ess exercise, have a less keen appe
tite, and are more particular about -'heir
food. Their digestion is not as
good, and as a consequence the food
they consume does not prodace so great
a gain in weight
Sheep raised chiefly for the'r flesh
should be prepared for market and dis
posed of early. If they are raised
partly for their flesh and partly for
their wool there is ordinarily no gain
'U keeping them over more than three
winters. It is difficult to feed an old
sheep so that it will afford good uut
ton. It may be policy to keep good
breeding ewes as long as they will raise
lambs, but the profit in keeping thera
will be in the lambs, as the mothers
will be likely to decrease hi valne after
they are fonr years old. The risk of
keeping animals intended to furnish
meat beyond the time when t ey can
be fitted for the market should be al
ways taken. into consideration. The
risks incident to disease are Tery large
in the care of pigs, now that the swine v
plaguo and hog cholera have become so
common and are so generally fataL A
delay of a few days in fattening and
selling a lot of pigs may result in the
loss of all of them. The risk in keep-
in?; a lot of steers or sheep is not as
great but it is considerable.
Farmers are generally anxions to ;
keep an animal till such time as it will
bring the highest price that can be ob
tained for it They like to obtained a
large sum of money for an animal
raised on a place, and have the credit
of obtaining it There is some pleas
nre in having a steer that weighs a to a
and in receiving the amount of monev
it will bring in the market It should
le remembered, however, that the last
fire hundred pounds added to - its
weight are generally obtained at a lost
The grain consumed in producing it
was worth more than the feed, and
could have been sold for more money.
It should also be remembered that
there is greater risk in keeping a vety
heavy asimal than one of light or
medium weight It is more liable to
injuries on the place where it is kept
or in the car in which it is transported.
A very heavy animal is defenseless,
and. if it receives a slight injury, is
not likely to recover from it It can
not be driven any considerable dis
tance without-suffering from fatigue or
a loss in weight It can not endure
extremes of heat and cold as well as a
A few years ago there was quite an
inducement held ont to farmers to feed
steers till they weighed 2,0X ponntis
each and to keep a lot of hogs till they
averaged 400 pounds. The highest
prices in all onr markets w re paid for
"extra heavy-weights." Such is not
now the cas-. A well-fattened steer
weighing from l.SOO to 1.500 pounds
will bring as much per pound as on a
weighing a ton. A few very heavy
steers are wanted by city butchers for
the Caristmas trade. Their meat ia
desired for maki g a display and at
tractive to customers. For o-dinarr
trade, however, medium-sized animals
are preferred. They cut np to better
advantage, and the size of the ro sts
and steaks are nearer what most cus
tomers desire. What is true of steers
is also true of hogs. At one time tLer
was a demand for specimens tf a i
mated lard weigh n- from 400 to 600
pounds. Now that A-ictly pure kettle
rendered hog's lard is made from beef
tallow and cotton-seed oil. there is no
occasion for making pigs very fat and.
as medium-sized hams nd shoulders
are more desirable than very large
ones, there is no reason for feeding
hogs till they are overgrown.
Quite likely baby beef and pig ports
are unprofitable alike to the seller and
the buyer, but mature, well-ripened
meat can be produced withous keeping
anima s till they exhibit marks of age.
Some kinds of stock can be sold when,
ery young at higher pr ce than they
w.ll ever brin afterward. Such is the
case with lambs that ore dropp -d early
n the season. A lamb which is of
good size when the first green peas ap
pear in the market, can o.ten ba sold
I t more money than a sheep that ia
three or fou.- years old. Spring chick
ens sell for more than fowls that have
lived long enough to eat bushels of
corn. In relation to dr: ft animals it
i ay be said that it never pays their
raisers to keep them till they have be.
g::n to decline in value on account of
-Id age or infirmities. Keepinghorses
nntil they have on: lived th-.-ir useful
ness may give evidence of sentiment
and of k ndly feeling, but it is a losing
eerned. Old stock on a farm rarel
ever pays, and it is about as unsalable
ss the old stock in a store. Chicago
Georgia has a white slave. John
S. Hughes, of Atlanta, owed a farmer
a bm that he wa3 nrulble u, p, anl
jotingiy offered a bill of saleef himself
to caru.el tbe bilL His offer waste-
cepted. and a lawyer drew the docu-
merjt3. After signing. however.
Hughes repented; but his owner
wouldn't relent and lawyers who were
consulted said the sale was valid and
the courts would endorse it Much
against his will, tha white slave has
been oblig -d to go on a farm to wori
for his owner.
When an Arab of the desert want
to inquire if his sister is going to leave
home for awhile, he says, ""Are yon
going oasis?" ruisburgk thrvHielt. .
WHEN TO SELL