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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (July 13, 1888)
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Job Printing Done ca Stert Notice;
Legal Blank, Business Cards,
Loiter Heads, Bill Heed,
Circular. Peatere, Hte.
I,KBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, JULY 13, 1888.
F.urttUd is grind style so4 at lowest Hriaf I
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A R. CYRUS A CO.,
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan
Weaeralt'ollrctlow and Xetarj- Ibllc
Baalaena Promptly Attended to.
M. N. KECK.
DESICNER AND SCULPTOR.
MtiiBtiU and Headatonea,
AUKIXDSOr (KJIKTRHV WOKK
FIJtK MOSCMESM A BFEOIALTY".
Opp. Kivr Rouss,
St. Charles Hotel,
S. W. Oonu SCia snd fthrmn Streets, two Blocks
Kbt o R H LK-pot.
T. C. PEEBLER & CO. Prop.
Tables Supplied with the Rett the Market
. Allot d.
Room. sa4 lb Vmt AccomrocxUthni. fw
GENERAL STAGE OFFICE.
E.ilargin? from Small Pictures. In
C. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions,
TOBACCO t CICARS,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
qaeeaaware aat til ana ware,
Lamps kit Uap Fiatarea.
Mailt Ht Ltbaara, Ort.
ST. JOHN'S HOTEL
JOHN T. DAVIS, Proprietor
The table ia suDDHea with the very best the
Nice clean beds, and satisfaction guaranteed
to all guests.
In connection with the above house
.IOI irs DONACA
Keeps a Feed and Sale Stable, and will
accommodate tourists and travelers with
t ams, guides and outfits.
BURKHART & BILYEU,
Proprietors of the
Overy, Sale anfl Feea Staples
Southeast Corner of Main and Sherman.
Fine Buggies, Hacks, Har
GOOD RELIABLE HORSES
For parties going to Brownsville, Wa
terloo, Sweet Home, Scio, and all
parts of Linn County.
All kinds of Teaming
BURKHART & BILYEU.
A MUSUUW PRISON
Dr. I-ar14.lr.ll I'mix a Kathtr Pteaalag
I'tctaro or Knsslaa Affairs.
When ill Moscow in 1883 I drove
out with my traveling companion and
an American, a former Governor of
Virginia, to see the new Central
prison, recently built in the suburbs.
We arrived, however, "after tho fair,"
for it was at the eml of August, ami
most of the com panic f exiles hail
Marled, live lunidioil only remaining:,
of vtuiom cntcgories, includinj;, I
think, wives and children. We went
over the building, which was a great
improvement on the old one. The
wenU were very largo and lofty, re
minding one of extensive city ware
houses, and detached from the main
building were towers with small rooms
for iolitle:il prisoners.
The rooms certainly were not large,
luit they npre:ircil reasonably com
fortable, or at all events had nothing
about them to recall the sensational
dump," fugus-eolered ce'.ls luto
which certain writers on Russian
ptisons ai-e fond of thrusting their
political prisoners, especially in the
Alcxeicfsky ravelin of the fortress tf
Peter and Paul in St. Petersburg. 1
did not secure a photograph of the
Central prison at Moscow, but had
unexpectedly become possessed of a
sketch of n cell in the Alcy.rlefsky ravel
in made by ft political prisoner who
(Ceiipied it. This prisoner, on my
second visit to Siberia, heard me nar
rating to a friend that I had been per
mitted to vMt the Peter and Pawl
fortress, whereupon he drew me
aside and told me that he had been
a prisoner therein, and would tell me
his experience if 1 would call upon him
privately. 1 did m but was rather be
hind the time appoint d. and whilst he
avns waiting he made tor me a pen and
ink sketch of his tell or ttiom, which
measured eighteen feet eight Inches
long by sixteen feet four inchea broad
and nine feet four Inches high. It was
furnished with table, chair, commode
and a bel with two feather pillows, a
pair of sheets, blanket and woolen
coverlet. MexcntscfT, chief of the se
cret police, who was assassinntcd by
the Nihilists in 1879. asked him on one
occasion whether he wou!d like to
smoke, in which cae he should be snp-
pitctl with a quarter of a pouud of to
bacco for cigarettes every other J a v.
He was also us lie I if he w ould like t o
paint or write, and drawing materials
were brought to mm, as also book
from the library. It was in this fort-re-a
prison, he said, that he read (lib
hon's "lecline and Fall of the Roman
How f;r this state of things prevail
in the new prison at Moscow I am tin
able to say. but I should imagine not
to a great extent, because the Mos
cow cells are intended for political"
on their journeys. At the time of my
visit there were but two political pris
oners nn dig the five hundred others?
They were in separate cells, one hav
ing. I noticed quite a little library of
books, nml among other things a scent
Imttle, but whether contain ing eau-de-
Cologne or vodk't I w4 not sure.
The small proportion of political
prisoner to crimiittls just ment.oned
will not coincide with the popuUr
i.lea as to their number. but in
f.tct much nonsense has been " writ
ten and more believed respeet-
ng the number of Russian po-
t.tical offenders sent into exile. One
writer talks about a calculation that
in t-istern Siberia alone there were
from SO.) to 4 ). OX) Polish political
exiles, whereas, in 1879, for instance,
818 was the total number of Polish
iriminals exiled, and criminals out
number the politicals by qiore than ten
to one. Others, When they heard
prison statistics quoted that from
17.000 to 20.000 Russians were exiled
yearly, jumped to the conclusion that
these, or a large portion of them, were
(l'.ticai offenders, whereas the dejwr-
laliwn of political onemters, until re
cent years, did not come under the or
dinary iiion administration at all.
ut was separately managed. The
political" traveled alone, and was
nsutlly kept in prison alone, specialty
guarded; and under these circum
stances from time to time I saw them
in the prisons of Russia and Sibert i.
but it- was always in ones and twos
and as rare birds among a whole flock
of others. I do not think I met with
tirty in going through near'y all the
principal prisons of Siberia; and this
impression receives support from such
information as I could obtain from an
official 1 know, high in the prison ad
ministration, who told me in Novem
ber. 1881, that the total number of po
litical offenders of all kints sent to Si
beria that year was seventy-two, of
which number, however, about half
had been condemned to the mines in
four previous years, but detained in
Russia. Dr. Lansdell, in Harper1
IMPORTANCE. OF TRIFLES.
Little Tliti)? That H t Chanced History
and Perso sal Career.
A Cunarder pnt out from England
for New "York. I' was well eqtuncd.
but. in putting np a st VJ in the pilot
box, a nail was driven too near the
comnas-v. You know how that nail
would affect :he compas . The ship's
officers, deceived by that distracted
comna. put the ship two hundred
miles ff her course, and suddenly the
man on the lookout cried: Land,
ho!" and the 5-hip was halted within
few yards of her demolitiot on N a
tucket shoals. A sixpenny nail came
near wrecking a great CunarJer.
Small rones hold mighty destinies.
A minister, seated in B iston at his
table lacking a word, puts his band
before his head and tilts back his chair
to think, a; d the ceiling falls an
crushes the table, and would hare
crushed him. A minister in Jamaica,
at niah', by the sight ot an insect
called the candle-fly. is kept from
sweeping over a precipice of a hun
dred feet. F. W. R -bertson, the cele
brated Englishman, said that he
entered the ministry from a tra'n of
circ mistances started by the bai k ing
of a dog. Had the wind blown one
way on a certain day the Spanish in
quisition would have been established
in England; but it blew the other way.
and that dropped the institution, witb
75,000 tons of shipping, to the bottom
of the aea, or flung th broken and
splintered logs on tb rocks.
am Mighty llantr rl.tio at the
I never saw a aja-serpont," si'd
Cilouel Nichola Pike, formerly Con.
Mil at Mauritius, .'but a fish was seen
while 1 was stationed at Port Louis
which answered v.'ry nearly to what
is generally known as a sa-serpent.
1 lie keeper of the lighthouse several
miles below the port nml on a led-je
some distance out at sett snnt me word
that a huge fish, some ninety feet long,
luid nppe ired there, and wait tod me
to count down Immediately. 1 took
the tlrst b a', but. unfortunately,
when we reached tit desired spot we
were unable to laud on account of the
r Highness of the sen, and were obi I god
to stand on and off until ll calmed.
When we finally landed Iho huge lish
hxd dtsnpiiearcd. 1 talked with at least
fif y persons who were entirely trust
woithy whi had seen it. They nil
agreed as to Its enormous size and un
usual npxnrancv Mv opinion Is that
it w i s a sort-s"reut, and that it came
In shore to spawn.
'Thit Island of Mauritius is thii-13
miles long ami twenty wide and con
sists of one huge volcanic dexslt. Pi
contains ninny caverns which oen
Into the sea. In these I hare found
lish and animals which were marvel
for form ami color, rome being liean
lifttl and others hideous, A si range
serpent was said to inhabit one of
the caverns, for which I made a dlli
2enl search. Ot I fishermen would not
go near Its supposed hannts. A gee
tlentait owning a sugar estate near by
dcclar d that he had seen It and nn
oth r that he hat ftl It with cuttle
lish an. I that It. was the most hideou
brute he had aver seen. 1 senrrhej
for hi in inn ihaleboat with a boni'i
lance and other lae'ele, but never
came across him. At or 1 left the
Island my friend. Hon. William Ward,
who was a great shark hunter, took my
rig and went in search of the monster.
II 1 states that be saw his bead and It
was as big it" a wine pipe and was
coveted with barnacl -s; that he put a
harpoon into It, which wa twisted off
as if it hadbcen a pes em. He in
tend, d to blow it lip. but c mid not get
the charge in the right sHt and fin
ally abandoned the search.
'J It. re were so many beautiful and
imeres'.ing things in nature at my
si at i n, ho never." said the Coonel.
that it was not worih wh'le to waste
any time searching after monstrosities.
There was a lish seventy feet long,
which seemed to ba c m.po;ed entirely
ot cartilage. When it was lamlod It
eoul.l all go to pieces, having no
lones at all Then there was what
was called t he angel-flh, which, when
liung ti seemed to hare broad, white
wings like an aiivrcl. Then there was
he wonderful e.ds which measured
Ine feet. One I caught a specimen
f this fish, and getting hint on the
b-.ink. he fought so de-perately that I
lid it t know what to do with hi r.
I h.i native who was in attendance
culled out, "Mas.. 1 fix biiii.' mil
leaning down graspi-d the squint. Lig
ti.-h with both hands, bit through his
verb b e, and the lish succumbed im
mediately. 1 his specimen is also in
the museum at Cambridge. The de Il
ls'), also found in the Indian icean,
s not very pleasant to m -et some
limes. I saw a man nln had his arm
o badly lacct at'd by 0114 that it ha I
t bo amputated- It has a body as
arge as an ordinary dining-r.oiu
a!l with tentacles ex ending over a
space eqnal to an nrdiuary room and
.nt so str. n; that thycat seise a
tn n and uiax htm out of a boat.
Victor II i,ro speaks of this fish in his
Toiler of the S sa." Bariittnt also had
ne on exltibt ion her; at ont time.
Then, again, there Is the tnzxard.
whih has b.-cn ca'.led the tiger of the
ocean. It j is not longer than a wa k-
ing-stick. but terribly fierce. In
walking over Ihe reef I have fre
quently encotiniereu mm. 11 ne sees
you appronch he will wait and then
dart at you like a flash. If there is
any jx riion of your body exposed lie
will tear a piece out of it as it it had
liecn cut with a raa r. Falling one
d.iv ff the mouth of the harbor. I
uooketl iwool these nti at the same
time with two tliuorenl lines, and in
Tying to get them into my boat they
foug'.t mo with such desperation that
1 w.obligid to call two fishermen to
help m and they declared that they
were two ot ine worst nstt they ev.-r
killed, being worse than bull
dogs. A lisli called the laff exudes
a do dly poiso t. A row of spine are
conceab d in Ins b.ick wlr.ch, ivli -n
exc.toj. ne erect. 1 ncso spines are
tilled with a milky-looking substance
which, when in :cte I into the human
nh, can -s the mr-st intense agony.
..1 if remedies are not applied
mo : pily, results fatally. Thi fish
;ei crally co iceals itself in the sea'
weed wher it is apt to be stepped on
by the bather. I saw a soldier once
who had bce:i unfi rtunale enough to
step on one of theso fi-tli. and his cries
could be heard for half a mile, his
foot swelled greatly, but .he surgeon
was successful in counteracting the
effects of the poison and th. man re
covere L O ; shore at Mauritius there
were no da g -rs but tha moment you
til your f-.ot into the water vo 1 wire
oirr unled by dangerous fishes and
epliles. " Brook y 1 Art ;e.
A Pretty Work-Basket
A very convenient and pretty work
basket may be made of two peach
baskets. The baskets arc firmly glued
tosretber, bottom to bottom, somewhat
in the shape of an hour-glass. Then
the entire structure is covered with
sateen of any desired color, laid in full
plaits. tack:d at top and bottom, and
nt the p int of union of the baskets.
The top basket is lined with sateen. A
piece of heavy pasteboard cut round
and smoothly covered with sateen fits
in snug ly, covering the bottom and
making a neat finish. Full pockets
are sewed in below the top of the
basket. The outer rim has a deep,
lace flonnce, beaded by box-plaited
ribbon arranged to conceal the rim of
the basket, A broad piece of ribbon,
tied around where the bottoms of the
baskets meet, is finished by a large
bow. Farm and Fireside.
The wonderful growth of music In
the churches can not but be remarked.
MONSTERS OF THE
INSIGNIA OF MERIT.
Knnip.su rtr air Hnllitlind of Store
Than Ortlnry Inter..
Inquiry has been made as to the sig
nificance of the Iron Crows the late
Emperor William was so desirous to
have buried with him. Tim Iron Cross
s the chief badge of military service.
and was conferred upon William when
u was a Prince by his brother, then
King, for great bravery and sol-
llerly conduct. This was In 1849, when
he Wits given supreme command of the
ioj al forces when linden and the Pala
tinate rushed into arms against consti
tuted authority. The cross wns more
prized by hint because he liad been re
called from banishment ho was exiled
by imperial order In 1M48 nml the
order pHur h meritr, better than hi re
call, attested Ills restoration to favor.
The order of the Iron Cross was
founded by Frederick William lit 1813.
The Insignia is a cast-iron cross with
silver mountings nml hearing no in
scription on the reverse 5 the upper
part, of the obverse contains the initials
t. . surmounted 011 a crown: the
center Is adorned with three oak leaves.
below which is the number 1813. When
the cross is conferred for military
merit, the ribbon supporting It is of
black watered silk with white stripes;
for civil merit, the ribbon is white
watered silk with black striix's.
Other F.tiropenn orders may Iw re
ferred to whit liiliMesL The Uoial
Prussian order of the Ulack Kngle,
founded In 1701 by Fiderli k. is a blue
enameled cross, each arm of which is
forked with a center sold monogram
F. R." (Fredrlciis Rex) and a crowned
black eagle with spread wing. The
motto is Sunm Ciqiie" (every one his
dm-). The order is never conferred
Uxr. jH-rsons lielow thirty years of
age, (term.tny ha also the order of the
Red Eagle, the second order of the
kingdom, founded 1706; the royal or
der of the House of Hohenzollern. n
gold cross with white and black en
nntel, foil ruled 1841; Ihe order of
Louise, a small blaek enameled gold
cross, founded in 1814. exclusively re
served for ladies; the Ibtvnrian order
f St. Hubert, founded 1411, to be ad
mitted to which requires that one
should have bwn six years a member
of the civil order of merit of the H 1-
Austria share with Spain, since the
time of Charles V., the right of the or
der of the (Tolden Fleece, founded in
1429 by Philip III., the (io.al. Duke of
Burgundy and Count of r'laiulers. The
French legion of Honor was founded
in 1H02 a a reward of civil tnerit or
military valor. The ,b.igfiei order o'
Russia i that of St. Andrew, founded
IfiOH, nml is conferred exclusively on
persons of the most exalted rank. It
I represented by a blue enameled
figure of St. Andrew on the cross.
Russia has a military order of St.
George, founded in 1709, which is
never con ferret I but for a gallantry al
sea or in the field. The Insignia is
white enameled rnss with gold rim. on
the obverse side of which is an Imnge
of St. George and the drn?on.
Spain has numerous orders, the old
est lieing that of Culatrava, founded in
1158, and is now a court distinction
rarely conferred. The order of Alcan
tara was founded in 1177, and is lim
ited to those whit can prove noble
descent through at least four genera
tions. The orders of Great Britain tire
more or less famous. The first in dig
nity is that of the Garter, founded in
1349. The next that of the Thistle.
founded in 1540, the motto of which Is
"Nemo me inipune laeessit;" that of
St. Patrick. 1783. "tjuis HeparabitP"
that of the Iiath. 1389. "Trln jnncta in
uito;" the Star of India. 18tl, motto.
Heaven's Light Our Guide;" St.
Michael and St. George. 1818. The
chief order of Brazil is that of Pedro,
founded in 1822.
Denmark has one of the most illus
trious orders of chivalry, the order of
the Elephant, which ranks even with
that of the Garter, founded at an tin
certain date, but probably in the
twelfth century.- It is limited to thirty
knights. Italy's chief order is t h it of
the Annunciada. reorganized in 1518.
Sweden has the nobler order of the
Seraph, founded 1280, and limited to
twenty-three natives ami eight foreign
ers. Chicago lntr-()cean.
Knight of the Throttle
About His Clleacaes-
There is a a general belief among the
uninitiated that all good engiuees ar
practical machinists. This belief is
entirt ly erroneous, for the rule has al
ways been that the best engineers com
up from the ranks of the firemen and
not from the machine shops. Whilt
an engineer of experience can repair s
break in the machinery of liis chargt
he could not build a locomotive or any
part of it at all intricate in construc
tion. Instances can he cited where
machinists have totally lacked the
nerve, gained by long experience, to
run an express train at the high rate
of speed necessary to niake scheduli
time, nnd in the majority of cases
where a man is taken from the shops
and placed on n locomotive he makes
a belter freight engine driver than
when put in charge of a passenger. 1
once knew a popular engineer who
had worked in the machine shops until
into middle-life, and had then been
given a desirab e run on the limited
express. His train was always behind
time, and in a few months he looked
terribly aged. One day he threw up
his job, and none too soon, for he
would inevitably have lost the place
anyway, and he afterward told mr
that he lacked the nerve to pull the
throttle out and give her the full head
way needed to make the time on his run.
lie said that when running at a rapid
rate he felt like a man gazing down
ward from a dizzy height, and nothing
oould induce him to step within the
cab again. He went back to the
shops. There are exceptions, of
course, but they are few and far be
tween. St. Louts Globe-Democrat.
The latest Maine romance comes
from Biddeford, where an honest, awk
ward farmer, who had been pestered for
years with a suit for sending indecent
letters to the girl he loved, has Just
been able to prove that their author
was none other than her rascally
brother, who hoped, by preventing
her marriage, to keep undivided their
Plow to lasnr Self. Approbation and !
Every person of common reflection
must be aware that he owe to other.
and to society, certain social and civil
duties, in requital for the kind offices
ml protection which he receives and
enjoys from the community of which
he Is a member: and he should know.
for such we consider to ba tha indis
putable fact, that upon the manner In
which these duties are performed wilt
materially depend hi. reputation with
good men, and the measure of his pure
enjoyments in life. Hence it is of the
liint importance that he should ilx upon
a scale of morals in early life, which
shall govern iu his business transac
tion, and In hi intercourse with
Every class In society seems to have
a scale of moral peculiar to liself. lit
its business affairs, notie of. which jtre
exactly fitted for general adoption.
The Importing merchant, for Instance,
thinks it justifiable to ue deceptive in
voices, by which lie defraud Ihe reve-
utitt of a part of the duties due upon
merchandise; whilsj the salesman li
valued an I rewarded according to hi
tact in extolling his ware to the buyer
in giving them a fictitious value.
The who subsist on the spoils of office
consider that "all Is fair In politics"
that "the end Justifies, the means." The
lawyer encourage litigation liecnttse it
I his vocation hi dependence for the
w nuts and Ihe superfluities of life. The
phvsician knows when he gets hold of
a rich patient, and deems it no breach
of morals to make hint pay well to
pay something for hi ioor neighbor.
The parson, even, feel no compunc
tion in abandoning bis flock to the
wolves, and accepting a higher salary,
when he is persuaded h can be more
eminently useful to the cntie of vital
piety. And 1I19 farmer practice n
thousand little devices to multiply hi
pence which he would hardly applaud
in his neighbor.
We do not menu to charge these
practices ujhii the w hole of the differ
ent professions for there are many
ttonorahiu exceptions in all we would
inert ly intimate tint they are besetting
sins, human propensjiies which it re
quires fixed principles and inflexible
fortiuide to re-1st and overcome. If
ttce successfully indulged In, they an
pt to obtain an ascendancy, and to lie
come more and more ditlicult of re--ti
But there Is a precept, of the highest
authority, applicable to all classes and
conditions of life which all commend,
though few practice it. It I to "do
.into other what you would that they
-hotild do unt t you." This constitute
the highest rule of moral conduct, and
it observance confer the highest
honor the purest happiness. Adopt
it as n rule of life. It a ill insure you
the resjM'ct and love of all who cherish
virtu; It will do more it will insure
self-approbation and self-respect. X.
Why Ynana; Men IT ho Jara nensltlTO-tess
Are Ksrely Mneeeasfnt.
Many talented ers.ns miss the road
to fortune by want of humility and
patience. They think every thing must
depend on "a good start," and unless
they can make gitoJ engageni"nt"
they will remain out of employment for
weeks a id mouths. They miss three
things support for that time, th
practice that keps talents improving,
and the furnishing of the best evidence
that they are willing to work.
A man is far more likely to be called
from an "humble to a more advantage
ous position thau from idleness to the
place he desires.
The trouble with many young men Is
a foolish pride which seems to say that
idleness is more honorable than work.
They have very delicate feelings it
goes "against their feelings" to do this
and that, when there is nothing what
ever of immorality or debasement con
nected with the employment. To give
an Instance, we will repeat, a dialogue
which took place recently.
A young man, nicely brushed up and
very genteel, entered an office, and.
ith a polite air, addresseit the gentle
man with ".Mr, you want a young
man here, I believe?"
Yes," was the reply.
"Here are my recommendations,"
said tho voting matt, as he handed a
paper certifying that he was worthy of
The gentleman read Ihe paper, and
looked up, remarking: "We should lie
lad to do your friend the compliment
f engaging you. and therefore von
will please let me say something iu re
gard to fitness."
"What shall 1 be expected to dor"
asked the young man.
"To aid in the office as opportunity
may present, and to piy notes and col
lect drafis, etc.." was the answer.
I don't think collecting draf.s would
igrce with my feelings," replied the
"Well," quietly responded the gentle
man. "1 would not advise you to any
thing against your feelings. Good
morning." Worth and Wealth.
No Wonder They Were Fresh.
These fish, my dear Mrs. Hen
Iricks," remarked the minister, who
was discussing a Sunday dinner Willi
the family, "are deliciously fresh. 1
am enjoying them very much."
.They ought to be fresh," volun
teered Bobby, who was also enjoyirig
them. "Pa caught 'em only this morn
ing." A'. Y. Sun.
It is related of the ex-presidt nt o.
the Press . Club, John C Hennessey,
who is a devout Catholic, that on a
fast day recently he jnt into the club
restaurant and called for boiled sal
mon. "We have no salmon to-day
only steak, roast beef and some game,"
said the waiter. "Well," said John,
meekly, "you may bring me a steak,
but God knows I asked for fish." N.
Y. Sun. t)
Sunday " School Teacher "What
does it mean, Johnny, in the prayer
where it says Lead us not into temp
tation.". Johnny "W'y I guess it
means, they needn't trouble theirsolves
because we can go into it ourselves
without leadty" Crtfto.
Bill Nja Urapptos with tho Nw atylo ot
I am extremely sorry that Matthew
Arnold did not live to read more of
our American base-ball literature. 1
think he would have liked it better if
he had done eo. In saying that we
were a vulgar people and that the
American humorist was a National mis
fortune, I think he criticised 11 hastily,
for he wa only In this country a little
while and judged our humor largely
by tho supply he read while here and
which he brought with him In his
trunk, but if he could have seen the
base-lialt word-painting of our glo
rious country he would have loved us.
If he could have read that Richard
son went out, Irwin to Farrar, that
Foster hit safely and stole second,
that Welch filed out to Wttod. and all
about Tiernau's scratch hit. and Ew
Ing's failure to sacrifice, and Ward's
miss of a grounder that went through
him. Mr. Arnold would have said that
ke had done us An Injustice.
We do not claim much for our long
Hue of ancestry, and those of us who
came over In the MayfloWertry to con
ceal it as quietly a possible, but here
in this wild and savage land we are
trying to build up classic style of
writing up our .National game that
will make the mother country tired.
1 admit that I can not utiderstan I It
at all yet, but I am striving to do so
and I am willing to work hard.
I sometimes wih that Lord Tenny
son could come here for one summer
and sit with me on a bleaching-board.
with hi numerous hair hanging oy jr
his top-coat, while I explained to hi lit
lliat it looked rather squally for the
Gii.nts, for Instance, till Flattery jolted
merry thunder out of the horsehlde.
tore tho tar out of the willow, smashed
the leather, and then, while the 1'hillie
tumblers were pullingdandelion greens
n. onu the llarlem. the Metropolitan
in-tie!der lit out like future punishment
beating tan-bark, accumulated a one
b tgger. a two-bagger and a three-bag-tec.
straightened himself out like a
tong-waisted jttk-raobit across the
plate and made hi roral red home run
just a the No w York Central got in
with the bad and the band olaved
Tommy Make Room for Your
I think that Alfred would like that
If me Lord like a vivid and searching
tvle he would find it here. I am only
beginning to write in this way, and it
i new to me, but I think I can ulti
mately give a description of a ball
game that will appeal to every heart.
When I began I would have said, for
Instance, that O'Rourke swatted at the
ball and missed it, till the pitcher hit
O R xirke's person with it and then be
went to the first and gradually got to
the third base, but now I would say
that O'Rourke, the Gothic extended
catcher for the Giants, strove to belt
the blooming ball to windward, mauled
;he atmosphere two times nnd con-
t-ussed the life preserver on the right
leg of L nipt re Daniels, wa presented
with one base as a mark of esteem, and
with a blister as big ns a hornet's nest
where he had tried tn bisect the orbit
if a hot ball with the bosom of his
knickerbockers, he bungled a second,
tnd while Hallman was muffing the
trb, catching invisible crabs, fluking
very thing in sight and corking hi.uself
generally, O'Rourke lit ont like a
icared-to-death bobtail cornet, fell ff
ty feet horizontally, and with his ear
full ot hot ball, a blister acrois bis,
meridian a fractured thigh and his
mouth full of sand, hoarsely ejaculated
There Is a description that appeals
to every heart. There Is a literary
moss agate that ought to tickle a man
like T.-nnys'in, unless he has a foolish
prejudice agaiust American writers.
My ambition Is some day to write
the lurid description of a base-ball
j;aine which will go snorting down the
corridors of time, along with Balak
lava. Marco llosxaris and the stubborn
youth who stoo I on the burnin deck.
I want to write it so that it will be
bright nnd jaunt in style, and yet 1
would like to sock a little sadness in
it, a description that should be rich in
coloring, and yet free from informa
tion, a carefullj' and professionally
prepared gem of literature that would
contain abput a column and nothing
The London Saturday Review says
that "what AmerJca wants is a liter
ature that shall smack of the soil.'
llsre Is the opportunity. Let the um
pire take down the remarks of a
Giant who has tried t reach nine feet
and catch hold of the third base with
his front teeth, and then demand
j idgmcnt before spitting out the north
end of the Polo ground. BUI Nye, in
S. Y. World.
Not One of T hat Sort.
"1 suppose you are a fatherless boy?"
he observed, as they mado change fot
Hut your father gets drunk and yor.
have to support the family P"
"But you give all your money to your
Not a red of it."
Well; you are poor?'
"Not much! I'm just doing this for
recreation, while my brothers are cut
ting the coupons oil father's bonds. Say.
f you go tip ns far a the coupe office
tell 'cm to send me down a turnout to
roll me up home. It must be gcttin
near our dinner hour, and we havi
fourteen invitations out to-day." De
troit Free 1'ress.
Spencer, Muss., has public-spirited
citizen. The other da" one of them
gave fourteen acres of land for a pub
lic park, another gave $30,000 for a
high school 11 tid another gave 25,00C
for a public library.
Not the Key-Hole.
A citizen stood in an unsteady way
gazing at a front door on First street
the other night, and another belated
who passed that way halted and asked:
'Looking for the key-hole, old fel
"No, itur. I've goz way beyond rhat,
stir. I'm looking for 'er door itself
4 Sheemi to be too many of 'em hcve.
1 HE SIBERIAN ROAl.
Dsrlptln of tho llistorte tllchtray tram
tho I ral Mountains to Tinmen.
These transport wagons, or "obozes,"
form a characteristic feature of almost
every l:tndscaie on the great Siberian
road from the Ural Mountains to
Tinmen. They aresmnli four-wheeled,
one-horse vehicles, rude and heavy In
construction, ,jgh with Siberian
products, and covered with coarse
matting securely held In place by large
wooden pin. Every horse is fastened
by a long halter to the preceding
wagon, so that a train of fifty or a
hundred obozes forms' one unbroken
CHravan from a quarter of a mile to
half a mile in length. We passed 538
of these loaded wagons in less than
two In uis. and I counted 1,445 in the
course of our first day's journey. No
further evidence wa needed of the fact
that Siberia is not a land of desolation.
Commercial products at the rate of
1.500 tons a . day do not come from a
ban en arctic waste.
A it gradually drew dark towards
midnight, these caravans- Id'gan to
(top for rest and refreshment by the
roadside, and every mile or two we
came upon a picturesque bivouac on
the edge of the forest, where a dozer,
or more oboxe drivers were gathered
mound a cheerful camp-fire in the
midst of the'r wagons, while their lib
erated but hoppled horses grazed and
jumped awkwardly here and there
nl-ng tho road or among the treea
The gloomy evergreen forest, lighted
up front beneath by the flickering
blar.o and faintly tinged above by the
;low of the northern twilight, the red
nnd black Rembrandt outlines of the
wagons, and the group of men in long
kaftans and scarlet or blue shirts gath
ered nlmut the camp-fire drinking tea,
formed a str&ngc, striking and pecu
liarly Russian picture.
We traveled without stop through
out the night, changing horse a every
post station, and making about eight
miles an hour over a fairly good road.
The sun did not set until half-past
bine, and rose again about half-past
two, so that it was not nt any time
Very dark. The villages through
which we passed were sometimes of
great extent, but consisted almost in
varibly of two lines of log houses
standing with their gable to the road,
and s p.trnted one from another by in
closed yards without a sign anywhere
of vegetation or tree. One of these
villages formed a double row five
miles in length of separate houses,
all fronting on the Tsar's highway.
Around every village there was an in
closed area of pasture land, varying
in extent from 2W to 500 acres, within
which were kept the inhabitants' cat
tle; and at the point where the inclos
ing fence crosed the road, on each
side of the village, there was a gate
and a gate-keeper hut- These vil
lage gate-keejcrs are almost always
old and broken-down men. and in
S.leri they are generally criminal
exiles. It is their duty to see that
none of the village cattle stray out of
the inclosure, And to open the gates
tiir nnsalntr trediiclpa nt m11 hriiirtt of t ha t
day and n.ght. I rom the viMage com-
mune mey receive ior meir services
a mere pittance of three or fourrubles
a month, ami live iu a wretched hovel
made of boughs and earth, which
throughout the year Is warmed, light
ed and filled with smoke by an open
lire on the ground. George Kennan, in
THE HAMMOCK'S MISSION.
How Two L m Were Mveri and
Hearts Forovrr Itlasto.l.
It was but a shy, retiring hammock
covered with dust; it bad lain for
months in a secluded garret where the
silence was broken only by the scam
ering of the mice or the noisy odor of
the cockroach. Yet this hammock had
a mission in life, nnd when the hired
man came up and yanked it forth from
its lair of old linament bottles and
seatless chairs it knew that its time
for action In d come.
Soon was it oscillating gently be
neath the shadows of the great oak
trees, awaiting the coming of Algernon
aid M.tbeL who were soon seen stroll
lug down from the front porch. Soon
the folds of the hammock no longer
swung listless. Three hundred pounds
of avoirdupois is likely to take any
trace of listlessness oat of the most in
The turf.e doves ceased their gentle
musiclistened and hung their heads in
shame to find that' after years of prac
tice they bad not mastered the Lrst
principles, of the art of cooing. A
single star came out twinkled for a
lew moments, then hid itself behind
a moonbeam, discouraged at finding
itself out-dazzled by the love-lit luster
of two pairs of eyes.
Suddenly the hammock's over
strained nerves gave way. A single
report like the snapping of a toy pis
tol, and mother earth received tow of
her children on her bosom.
"Confound that ! !!!!! ham
mock." said Algernon simply, yet
poured his whole soul iuto those few
" Algernon.I can never be any thing
to you more than a sister," she said,
gently, as she pulled her back hair out
of Algernon's coat collar.
That was alL
Two hearts were severed and
hearts forever blasted.
The mission of the hammock
fulfilled. Merchant Traveler.
A Booming Psalm of Life. .
Tell me not in monraful numbers
that the town is full of gloom that the
man's a crank who slumbers in these
bursting days of boom. Life is real.
life is earnest, and the grave is not its
goal, every dollar that thou turnest
helps to make the old town roll. But
enjoyment, and not sorrow, is our des
tined end or way; 11 tou have no
money, borrow buy a corner lot each
day! Lives of great men all remind us
we can win immortal fame; let us leave
the. chumps behind us, and we'll get
there just the same. In this world's
broad field of battle, in the .bivouac of
life, let u make the dry bones rattle
buy a corner lot for wife! Let us, then,
oe up and doing, with a heart for any
F.. .... afill ajthiarinff ctill nmvninrr
lltlV O.II4 OV k .U,, 0V... ft. OUtll.
I rooming early, booming late. Atchi-
on (an.) Giofa.
SCOTCH OIL .MINES,
Curious Potroloum Fl-lt
William F.tidiey. of West Calder.
Scotland, which is the ancient oil
shale region of that country, has been
making a lour of the Pennsylvania
petroleum field dnring the Inst few
weeks, and was in New York this
"I am more Ihsn ama"d," said he,
"at w hat I hnve seen.. The petroleum
of Scotland is milled like coal, and al
though I had rend f the oil-wells of
America. 1 was not prepared for such
a vast difference In the method of oil
production. The Scotch petroleum Is
not In the fluid stnte. b t lit a shale
formation. The extracting of the
product of this shale was for many
year a most Important Industry, an I
is q lie nn cx'enslve one yet; but the
Amcrica-i oil. both illuminating and
lubricating, is now set down in tir
markets cheaper than the Scotch oil
can be produced, and how long our
oil pr. duct ion wilt last 1 only a ques
tion of how long nndotial pride will
resist consideration of economy.
The Scotch oil shale I black, a d '
lies nt a dep h of aliout four hand red
feet benentu the surfnc The shnle
frodiicing regions ar a 1 ba. wee 1 E 1
in burgh an 1 G.asgow, and are known
ns the oil fields of West Calder. 'I hey '
are very extensive and literally ln x
hatistible. That is one hope we have
The fluid oil of this country will un
doubtedly becom j exhausted or grea.
ly eursniled in production some lime
i t ihe future. It would not be kind
In rue 10 sny that I hope s , but. well,
I am interested In West Calder.
When your fields cease to poor not m
quantity of o'l that enables yon to
refine It, export it, and sell it 1 1 Scol
land at a lest figure than it cost ns to
exir.-'ct the oil from the shales at the
n-ry threshold of Scotch markets we
will come to the front with onr oil
mines again, a id know whatever hap
pens they can't be exhausted.
When thrfoil fields of West Calder
were being operated to a full capacity
(he shsle refinery there known as the
Addiswell oil works, and which cover
icVenty-five acres of ground, gave em
ployment to over two thousand men.
lit various parts of the field there were
shale crushing works, not unlike your
coal breakers where the shale is run
n being taken from the mines. It is
broken np into small pieces, and the
rude oil extracted at the crusher.
What we call crude oil. yon would call
ar over here. The refiners take it
in that condition, and from it extract
Humiliating and lubricating oil, am
monia and wax. The latter is called
parafine in the oil traxle of tbi conn-
ry. The tar from a ton of shale will
yield fourteen gallons of illuminating
oiL This is snl jected 1o four di -i'erent
acid distillations, each one
II nth heavier than any the Amer
ican fluid petroleum requires. The
result is a clear, white high-flash
illuminant as good as American kero
sene, bat four limes as expensive. If
the American prod net simply came in
competition with ur illuminating oiL
Ihe rflect on our trad would not be
much consequence, as in that
brnnch of tbe oJ1 nsi
not where the profit lies. The lubri
cant, the ammonia, and the wax ar
the products which make the shale
koines valuable. The American lubri
cating oil is cheaper, and those wh
use it ssy better than any. The lat er
altogether I can't nrree with. Of
course the American oil does not in-
terfere with 'our ammonia produe s.
or with our wax trade, bnt, we can't
jtiTordtijprodr.ee kerosene and lubri
cating oil to throw away in order that
we 1. ay get al the ammonia and wax '
that the shale contains. I am forced
to say. 1b-re fore, to use nn American
ism, that the Scotch oil business is
nt boo 11. ing at the 1 resent time.
THE POPE'S PRESENTS. .
Will Carletoo n Ttm aosl Gisraa Btal
as to Thotr Splendor.
As a mark of special favor I was
taken by one of the attendants at the
Vatican to see the Pope's presents.
What warehouses full of wealth have
ieen sent for this aged man to look at
just before he steps into the grave!
They are all his own; have been gives
him absolutely; he has had them in
sured for over a million dollars. But
those who look upon bis frail form and
white face know that the possession of
them must consist merely of a glance.
Here are some of the queerest as well '
as the grandest things that could evei
be sent to a ruler, temporal or spirituaL
Gold nnd silver have been hewn by the
smith's cunning knife into every sort
of jewel that the enthusiastic mind
could invent Diamonds flashed their
way here from every direction. . Kings
and Queens could not have sent more
magnificence if they bad drawn upon
their stock of crown jewels. In the
midst of these gleaming signals to the
senses is a plain though richly bound
copy of the Constitution of the United
States refreshing in its grand sim
plicity, and full of instruction for any
potentate who will read it.
Here are slippers, enough to have
clad the feet of every Pope that has
lived, and more pontifical robes than
Leo can ever wear. Here are top
boots, embroidered sofa pillows, mus
kets, medicine cases, sets of carpen
ters' tools and enough clocks to make
green with envy the Philadelphia col
lection of a certain unwilling candi
date for the Presidency.- Among the
things which people wonder what the
Pope will do with are a lot of baby
clothes and rattle boxes.
Here are tokens from Catholic mis
sionaries all over the world. War cos
tumes, stufld monkeys and birds,
carved ivory, pictorial histories oi
Buddha and Confucius, the teeth oi
the beasts and the stings of the rep
tiles which the Pope's messengers
have to encounter in the torrid zone
and on the islands of the sea. Many
of these seem to say to Leo: "See what
your missionaries suffer for the cause!"
There are also hundreds of knapsack
ready packed for missionaries who are
yet to go. Each of these contains an
altar service and a relic of some saint,
w ithout which mass could not be said.
Hundreds of new church bells are la
the adjacent garden waiting to be senl
as silver-tonged messengers to some
I new temple of worship,