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About The Lebanon express. (Lebanon, Linn County, Or.) 1887-1898 | View Entire Issue (June 29, 1888)
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Letter Heada, Bill BeexU,
LEBANON, OREGON, FRIDAY, JUNE 29, 1888.
KxacntW hi food at?) aa a kMt Sa
1 -. ?
LEBANOX IOD0K, NO
41. A. F A. M : Meet
their new hall In Maxmto Block, on SatuiJaj
.!,. o or befor th. t.,U w M
LEBANON I.OIK3K. VO. 47. I O IV F.: Mwt. Sat
urday ln of eaih twl, a Odl tc-ll.m Hall.
Min Mnel: vlslUn tohnn eonllallv lurttcd lo
attend. J. J. CHARLTON. H. U.
H0HOK LnlXlR NO. A
O. V. W . tfcanon.
i hMon: MtvU every ai
rri: Meet every urnl aim mini luanou en-
taw in the munth.
It. wri-'B. fla. .
A. ft. CYRUS A. CO.,
Real Estate, Insurance & Loan
Ueneral Cellectlea and Notary Public
BulaMM Promptly Attended to.
M. N. KECK.
DE3ICNER AND SCULPTOR.
HtHHtati and Headstone.
ALL K1D OF CKJIETERY WORK
TINS MONTMENTS A BrECIALTY.
Opp Rivera Hone.
St. Charles Hotel,
K. W. Oorner Main and Sherman Street, two Blocks
East at R R. Depot.
T. C. PEEBLER & CO. Prop.
Tables Supplied with the Best the Market
Sample Room and the Peat Accommodation for
-GENERAL STAGE OFFICE.
Enlarging from Small Pictures. In
C. T. COTTON,
Groceries and Provisions,
TOBACCO & CIGARS,
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
qerawre aad lMwirf,
Eanaps and Laasv Flxtirr.
Mala Bt, IeBanon. Oregoo.
ST. JOHN'S HOTEL
JOHN T. DAVIS, Proprietor
The table is supplied with the very best the
Kice clean beds, and satisfaction guaranteed
to all guests.
In connection with the above house
.TO II IN DOXACA
Keeps a Feed and Sale S: able, and will
accommodate tourists and travelers with
teams, guides and outfits.
BURKHART & BILYEU,
Proprietors of the
Southeast Corner of Main and Sherman.
Fine Buggies, Hacks, Har
C( OD RELIABLE HORSES
For parties going to Brownsville, Wa
terloo, Sweel Home, Scio, and all
parts of Linn County.
All kinds of Teaming
C ' .
" BURKHART & BILYEU.
k N - --,
Bow Little Boy and Girl Aro Trained
for tho Profession.
The other day I called on a bender,
a lady, not a gentleman, who Is well
known as a most serpentine contor
t'o list. I wished to ask Mile. Von are
n few questions about her art, with a
flew of throwing some light on the
training of little boys and girls for tho
professi-m. The lady was sitting be
fore the fire with her sister, who has
abandoned bending herself, and ex
hibits a troupe of highly-educated
poodles. A huge wicker basket con
tniiied her dress and other stage hab
its. From its depths she produced a
bundle of photographs of herself, tied
and knitted into all manner of curious
That is the business of a bender.
The body is thrown into a score of un
natural postures, hich appear to the
audience to be achieved by dislocating
every joint in the human frame, and
to be eflected at great risk to limb and
life. Artists are generally enthusiastic
bout their callings, ami I must say
hat Miss Von are declared she would
rather be a bender than a queen, or
mething to that effjet. She began at
four years; at five years and
eight months she was before
he public, and remains a
bender still. "My father saw a con
tortionist one night on the stage, and
he asked himself why he should not
teach me, aged four. I was put into
training at ones, and enjoyed the fun.
as a child will enjoy any thing new.
Was I beaten? Was I starred? No.
seemed to take to it like a little duck
takes to water. You see. we were a
family of athletes, ani, besides. I wa
a daughter and not aa Apprentice. If
the father is the trainer he may not
are the rod, but he is cruel only to
be kind. .My experience Is that les
rod and more kindness is the best
lan. Father nsed to bribe us into
i.ing the difficult tricks. To bo suc-
ci ssfnl means years of hard work.
ractice and performance. I am
nineteen now, and my performance
keeps me in capital traiulng."
In the business of contortion the
first lesson is the backward bend, first
with the anna, and then without. Tou
tand on a Ion? mattress, so that there
s no danger, and at first your teacher
controls vour movements with a belt.
t is much the same with other forms
f acrobatic work, and the cruelty
fien takes the form i-f taking away
the mattress, which creates a sort
of panic in the pnpil's mind. If
j has really tried his best and
i let), he is so lerrifi-d that he is al
most certain to fall unless he has a
groat deal of pluck. If he has only
been sulking, it may bring him to his
bearings. Of course children are often
ubboru, and try the patience of the
teacher to its uttiost limit.
lit art of contortion." continued
Miss Von are. "is learned by degrees.
F.rst tha backward bend, then the
"dislocation. then the "splits,' and so
n. What we call closeness di-
Inguishes the b-.-st bending. To the
and'enco binding seems most difficult;
but I experience no discomfort or in
convenience. I was a puny child, xou
see me now." The lady bender was
certainly most healthful and cheerful,
s'.out it body and ruddy in complex
ion, aid she strongly maintains that
all women would be greatly benefitted
if thev took to bending. "It is quite
mistake to think that we put our
imbs out of joint, or that we stiff -r
om the curious na!ure of our per
formance Of course, after one or
more d fficuit positions, one may suf
fer a little i ain, bat it goes in no time.
In some attitudes I may remain for
twenty seconds, as tbe breathing be
comes rtitucult: but these are tr.ninsr
nco ivenieuces. I practice a few min
utes every day to keep myself loose.
here in my room, and that is about all
need do." Pall Mall GazelU.
Source of Napoleon's Genius
Napoleon, as all the world knows.
ate very plain food and little of it.
though always with hunger and rapid-
lv. A little clar't was all he drank; a
si ng'e glass of M tdeira would flush
his whole countenance. He was
neither an ea'.er nor a Judge of eating.
wrote Care me. but he was grateful
(was he?) to M. de Talleyrand for the
style in which he lived. Hi differed
widely from that poor Stanialas of
Poland, who fondly st i. died onion sonp
in the inn kitchen at Chalons. Na
poleon had a strange theory about his
bile, a here is no personal defect, that
a man can not get himself to be vain
of for one reason or another. "Don't
you know." said he to the Comte da
egnr. hat every man that's worth
any thing is bilious? 'Tis the bidden
fire. B the help of its excitement I
see clear in difficult j tnctures. It wins
me my battles!" Care me himsalf ate
sparingly and drank nothing a sort
of Moses of the Pro'uised Land by
choice. Saturday Review.
The Most Courageous Wins.
If a man does a thing bravely and
well, even though it be directly at
variance with our habits of thought
and action, it is impossible to with
hold from him a certain sort of re
spect. He has courage to assert him
self! an 1. say what we will, we all
secretly like that quality, even wiie'i
it tells against us. A person who goes
crecpingly and self-deprecia'.ingly
through the worlil. like a shy Uog in a
strange place, mome itarily expecting
a pursuing stick or stone, will gener
ally get it, but let him "show tight,"
and he mav choose his road, free from
cowardly interruption. The most cour
ageous wins. O.ir moral is that this
courage should iiave the right direc
tion ear y. -At Y. Ledger.
Tse got mo' spect fur er kind-hearted
f.Kl den I has fur er cruel wise man.
De bus'ness dat makes drunkards
only thrives when dar is er sober man
at de head o' it.
Nine times outen ten de man what is
alius er sa3'in' dat man is got er
stronger mine den er 'oman ain't able
ter control his own apertite.
De man what doan know nuthin' but
book larcin' is all right long ez he is in
de parlor, but he ain't much ercount
when he gits out inter de woods. Ar
Tho Proo and EaT Way In Which The)
Welcome Travelers and Strangers.
One hot afternoon, as we were ap
proaching Big Dry Creek, a cowboj
suddenly rode in sight on the crest of
ridge, and came down the slope towarc
us at a swinging gallop. He sat tu
erect as a bronee statue, and had hi
been lashed to his horse like anothei
Mazcppa he could not have sat ruori
perfectly motionless in his saddle. In
stinctively we straightened up our tirec
shoulders, and sat erect also. Evident
ly he wanted to speak to us. So wi
rode frward to meet him, wonderine th
while whether his manner would bt
agreeable or irritating.
After we had civilly exchanged how
do-you-dos, he inquired if we had seer
any horses since morning. He had lost
some, and up to that time, two o'clock,
had ridden about twenty-five miles in
search of them. No, we had not seen
any horses. So we feil to asking ques
tions about trails, creeks and water
holes. We were getting a deal of infor
mation, when he suddenly exclaimed:
"Looky here, fellers! The best thinp
yon can do is to pull on to our ranch
and put np for awhile. It's only twelve
miles from here. Take the trail that
turns off to the left, about three miles
ahead. You won't find anybody at
home the boys are all off on the round
up, you know but just go right in and
make yourselves at home."
"Isn't the door locked?"
"Thunder, no! We never lock doort
in this country. Somebody might come
along hungry, and want to get iu to get
some grub, or stay all night. If a cow
boy wanted to get in, and found the
door locked, he'd just simply break it
"Aren't you afraid of thieves?"
"O, no; nothing is ever stolen. A
man's upon his honor, yon know; and.
besides, if a feller'd ever really steal
any thing out of a shark, the count.ry'd
soon be too hot to hold him. Anyl-nly
that comes to a shack hungry is ex
pected to go in and get a stpiare meal,
and stay all night if he wants to."
"Isn't that privilege often abused?"
"No, hardly ever. Say, you'll find a
cow up at the ranch and you ran milk
her if you want to. There are plenty of
eggs about the stable; if you want 'em
go for 'em. Just make yourselves at
home, and stay as long as you like. I'll
be glad to have yer company."
A few more remarks were exchanged,
and then our cow bow gathered up his
reins and said:
"Well, I've got to finish my circuit,
twenty miles more, I reckon; so I must
be moving. So long. I'll see you at
the ranch about sundown."
And flinging the last remark over his
shoulder at us his pony galloped rapidly
away, a moment later he rode over the
ridge and disappeared. IT". T. Ilorn
aday, tn Vosmopotttin.
Tho Qneor HenM-Boali Moored Along the
Bank of the I'pper Tharaea,
Villas on the Thames, especially in
the pleasant, picturesque stretches be
tween Hampton court and Wiudsor,
command such fabulous prices during
the summer months that nothing but
millionaires can indulge in the luxury.
"Necessity is the mother of invention,"
aud an ingenious mind has initiated a
movement that will make of the npper
Thames a series of floating villages.
This new fad is a house-boat, built on
almost a flat bottom, thus allowing it to j
be moored at any sylvan spot close under j
the umbrageous trees that line the j
banks. The boat has its saloon, dining j
and sleeping rooms, and is generally j
fitted up by the ladies with exquisite
taste and comfort. There is great luxury I
in a quiet life on these handsomely-ap-
pointed crafts, and their numbers in
creased so rapidly last year that the
tradesmen sent round small steam
boats taking orders and delivering the
provisions. The owners of fine villas
arc naturally indignant at the constant
inroads on their privacy, and the ques
tion as to the right of mooring such
boats in close proximity to the ground
of a park is to be tested in the law
courts. These craft were moved to
different parts of the river by means of
tugs, but recently a stern-wheel veloci
pede has been tested as a motive power.
The paddles, two feet in diameter, are
connected with a gut-band to the driv
ing-wheel, which is twenty-six inches
in diameter and over seventy pounds in
weight. Ordinary bicycle handles,
which are connected with the rudder
saddle cranks, and treadles are used.
The boat is thirty feet long and seven
feet beam, and was propelled two miles
.tnd a half, between Marlow and Bourne
End, in forty minutes, which is good
time. It caused a great deal of aston
ishment to the oarsmen and inhabitants
of other house-boats to see such a big
thing propelled so easily by one man.
In the school-books of a generation
ttill young a vast tract of territory west
of the Missouri river was known as the
"Great American desert," and the man
ner in which that supposed sterile area
has been transformed into profitable,
grazing regions and has even been cov
ered with fertile farms and gardens is
one of tlio most remarkable achieve
ments of American enterprise during
the past decade. Eastern people who
!chold with wonder the present rapid
growth of that section are even led to
believe that the settlers bring an in
creased fainfall with them and thus
overcome the arid character of the
olains, or at least that the cultivation
f the soil and the planting of trees en
hance the supply of atmospheric moist
.ire. N. Y. Herald.
Didn't Show It a Bit.
Kansas Tramp What town's this,
jn' aliea 1?
i KinsHS Farmer Odcaloosa.
j Tramp Where they've elected a lot
o' w omen to the offices?
' Farmer The same.
' Tramp (shouldering his bundle and
preparing to take the back track)
That's all I want to know. I won't
have nothin to do with nosuch tlurned
town. I was raised in a country where
men was capable of runnln' things
Farmer (relative of member of City
Council) Gol! you don't show it a
bitl Chicago Tribun -
AN INTERESTING CITY.
Why Now Orleans Has Roaaon to Eipoel
a Urand Fnturo.
One might make various studies ol
New Orleans; its commercial life; its
methods, more or less antiquated, ol
doing business, and the leisure for talk
that enters Into it; its admirable
charities and its modiasval prisons; iu
romantic French and Spanish history,
still lingering in the old houses and
traits of family and street life; the citt
polities, which nobody can explain, am.'
no other city need covet; its sanitar
condition, which needs an intelligent
despot with plenty of money and an
ingenuity that can make water run up
hill; its colored population about a
fourth of tho city with its distinct
social grades, its superstition, non
chalitit good-humor, turn for idling aud
basking in 1 he sun, slowly awaking to
a sense of thrift, chastity, truth-speaking,
with many excellent order-loving, patri
otic men and women, but a mass that
needs moral training quite as much as the
spclling-lxiok lwfore. it can contribute
to the vigor and prosperity of the city;
its schools and recent libraries, and the
developing literary and art taste which
will sustain book-shops and picture
galleries; its cuisine, peculiar in its
mingling of French and African skill,
and determined largely by a market
unexccllml in the quality of fish, game
tun! fruit the tig alone would go far to
reconcile one to four or live months of
hot nights; the climatio influence in as
similating raves meeting there from
every region of the earth.
B it whatever way we regard New
Orleans, it is in it aspect, social tone
and character ut gem-ris; its civilization
differs widely from that of any other,
tnd it remains one of the most interest
ing places in the republic. Of course
social life in these days is much the
same in all great cities in its observ
ances, but that of New Orleans is
markedly cordial, ingenuous, warm
hearted. I do not imagine that it could
tolerate, as Boston does, absolute free
dom of local opinion on all subjects,
aud undoubtedly it is sensitive to criti
cism; but I believe that it is literally
true, as one of its citizens said, that it
is still more sensitive to kindness.
The metropolis of the Southwest has
geographical reasons for a great future.
I.ottisiaii& is rich in alluvial soil, the
capability of which has not yet been
tested, except in some localities, by skill
ful agriculture. But the prosperity of
the city depends much upon local con
ditions. S-.-ience and energy can solve
the problem of , drainage, can convert
all the territory between the city and
Lake Fontchartrain into a veritable
garden, surpassing in fertility the flat
environs of the City of Mexico. And
the steady development of common
school education, together with techni
cal and industrial schools, will create a
kill which will make New Orleans the
industrial and manufacturing center of
that region. Charles Dudley Warner,
in llarper'B Migazinr.
Timely ngcstlon Which Aro Just as
Valuable Here a In F.ngland.
Lord Brabazon draws attention to the
fact that unless some sjMedy change is
mule in the social condition of some of
our women and children the natiou
must inevitably deteriorate in the next
generation. The utter absence in many
large towns of adequate public playing-
grouuds is a serious evil, as It is impos
sible for children to develop into healthy
men and women without sufficient air
and exercise. A public play-ground
has been opened in Horsemonger Lane,
and some also in Manchester and Sal-
ford. It hrtS been found by the Metro
politan Public Gsrdeu Association that
a play-ground caa be daily provided foi
S.tsW children at a cost ot iliw a
ve.tr. Horsemonger Lane play-ground
contains a gymnasium, swings, run
uing-eround. giant stride, five court
and many other advantages. After
6:30 p. m. the young" men of
the neighlKrhv.d are allowed to
enter the bovs' inclosure, and the
vonng women that of the girls. There
can be no question of the inestimable
Immhi thns conferred on thousands of our
poorer fellow-creatures, and the ad
vantage to the national welfare will be
great in its influence on the health of
the people. Many efforts have been
made of late years to shorten the hours
of labor for various classes, but there
still remains a class for whom legisla
tion is necessary. Lord Brabazon states
that girls in shops and refreshment-
rooms are kept standing for an un
pardonable length of time. In places
of public refreshment girls work alter
nate days fifteen and eighteen hours.
with but a very short interval for food
Many of the shop-girls also work for
fourteen hours. The effects of these
long hours aro most Injurious in every
way. That it is physically injurious it
scarcely seems necessary . to remnrk
and it appears also to be so morally.
Many return home broken in health.
and there are numberless sail tales of
insanity, phthisis, bronchial affections,
chronic dyspepsia and other maladies.
It must Ikj said that many of the shop-r-eeners
would willingly abridge the
tours could it be made incumltent on
ill shops to close earlier. London
A Practical Invention.
It the hundreds of railroad appli
ances that are annually invented, few
seem to be of really practical service
when the test is made, lliere is al
ways something lacking to make it
"just the thing." A recent invention
in railroad equipment has apparently
all the requisites of a good thing and
seems to be not only scientifically cor
rect, but simple and easy to adjust.
is in the form of a platform projection
for Dassenger coaches, suitable for
either a vestibule or ordinary train
The projection docs away with the
vertical and lateral motion of the coach
which the Miller buffer only partially
succeeded in doing, and is a protection
against accidents incident to the jump
ing off the track of the trucks. Should
the truck and wheels become derailed,
as in the recent Florida accident, the
projection on tho adjacent car would
hold the derailed car in place, and the
truck would become suspended, not
touching the ties. There would be no
jolting or bumping along, and a possi
ble smashup of the coach; As a pre
ventive of accidents by derailment it is
claimed to fit the needs exactly.
Tho Home) hat Hhailoery Rxlatenoa of Ana-trlu-Hungai-y's
The Emperor of Austria is a shadowy
personage compared with the other po
tentates of Europe. He is obliged to bo
a constitutional monarch, but in being
so he is not obliged to mingle more
than lie pleases with his subjects. The
Emperor of Germany takes pleasure in
showing himself to his subjects when
ever his health will permit. TheCrown
Prince with his family walks about the
streets of Berlin. The Prince of Wales
shows himself at nil sorts of gatherings.
Even the Emperor of Russia, though
he is obliged to bike every precaution
against Nihilist conspiracies, is more in
the public eye than this descendant of
the llapsburg. Francis Josenh wns
born an absolute monarch, and with the
dea that ho has no equals. To what ex-
en t that Idea dominated the Hapsburgs,
may be inferred from an anecdote that
told of Joseph IL When this
sovereign threw open the Trater and
the Augarten to his people, one of hit
nobles remarked to him that there
would soon bn no place where he could
mingle with his Peers. "If I wished
to content myself with the society of
my Peers," replied the autocrat, "I
should be obliged to pass my life' in the
vaults of the Capuchins." It is in the
monastery of this order his ancestors
are hurled. Yet Joseph II used to walk
al)tit familiarly among his people, at
lid also Leopold II. while Maria Theresa
was a motherly tm press, whom her
subjects regarded as a personal friend.
The present Emperor is not lacking
In amiable qualities. The constitution
of 181 deprived him of nearly every
attribute of sovereignty, except the
ommand of the army, which he re
ased to give up. He yielded grace
fully, and uow never attempts to trans
rend his traditional rights. He is a
hard worker. He signs the acts of Par-
anient that are brought him after five
o'clock in the morning, and takes his
coffee at the desk where he performs
his work. Maria Theresa left twelve
sons, who, having been nearly as pro-
i fie as herself, have created a society
of Peers whom the Emperor may asso
ciate with without a sense of degrada-
ton. and who are sufficiently numer
ous to prevent his getting lonesome.
They form the principal part of his so
lely. As for the ordinary nobility.
thev see him rarely and tinder the fol-
owing circumstances: Sometimes
there is an aristocratic ball, at which
he shows himself, not to please with
gracious familiarity, but to dazzle by
his momentary presence. On these oc-
.-uuons he sometimes addresses a few
ondescending words to a few persons
if importance. He appears also in the
same fl;".ng way at the balls given by
associations of burghers, students, or
of the industrial classes. Every year
there is a court ball, to which are in
vited the chamberlains, the ladies of
i' noblese of sixteen quarterings, the
officers of the army, and the chevaliers
who wear imperial orders. He gives a
Sffond fete, to which are invited the
families of sixteen quarterings and the
diplomatic corps. Occasionally the
Emperor offers a dinner. ith these
exceptions he is not seen outside the
circle of his numerous relatives.
Having been born to the rule bril
liantly, he takes not nnkindly to the
duties that his position as a constitu
tional monarch imposes. He keeps
himself au eourant with public affairs.
As he is not able to rend all the news
papers, there is prepared for him a
daily journal called the Review of the
Fress, made tip of extracts from the
oornals all over the empire, and con
taining every thing that he cares to
know in reseet to public opinion.
Personally he is popular, not alone at
Vienna, but in the provinces. He has
been doing his best to Germanize the
empire, by having a knowledge of the
German language diffused everywhere
In his personal habits he is remarkable
for sobriety. He drinks little. His
only diversion is the chase, to which he
is so devoted that he will stalk a deer
with the most ardent huntsman, follow
the chamois to his remotest haunts, or
rise at dawn to get a shot at the bird
whose only appearance during the day
is at that untimely and unimperial hour.
It is not the Emperor, but his Ministers.
who are responsible for public acts, and
one who read the late speeches must
have remarked that while his words
were cool, conservative, unwarlike.
those of his Ministers were more sig
nificant and threatening. It is prob
able that though he is confident of his
army (and it is owing in a great meas
ure to his personal efforts that it has
been brought to its present degree of
efficiency), he wants war as little as
any body in his dominion. Cor. San
f ranctsco Chronicle.
The students of Trinity College,
Dublin, raise $3,000 a year, which they
give to the support of the Church Mis
sionary College at Fuchow, China.
The Scotch universities have recently
decided to unite in the support of
mission in India. Students of Prince
ton College have raised $1,600. and
missionary has already been selected,
The Theological .Seminary at Prince
ton raised $(146. and will increase tht
sum several hundred dollars befon
designating a missionary. Knox Col
lege, Toronto, and Queen's College.
Kingston, Canada, have each sent ou
their owu missionaries.
In treating a negro in Leipsic for
for an ulcerous affection, it was found
necessary to replace portions of the
skin with pieces taken from one or two
white persons. These latter pieces
gradually grew darker in color, and
finally as black as the patient's own
skin. This singular fact led to an ex
periment being maJo of transposing
portions of black skin on a white pa
tient, and it was found that after a few
weeks these began to grow pale. In
less than fourteen weeks they had, in
fact, grown so white as not to dis
tinguishable from the patient's natural
skin. Boston Budget.
Court etiquette is said to be
branch of instruction in the fashionable
ladies' schools in this city. Since the
immigration of so many society doodI
to London during "the season" has set
in, the knowledge of "How to be pre
sented at court is indispensable to
every ambitious belle, Y. X. Graphic.
FLIGHT OF LOCUSTa
Kat Vm Every Urooa Thing
Ln tho Earth m IoorC
An army of locusts is a wonderful
nd an Interesting sight to the travel
er who does not own a yard of soil
nd is a mere onlooker at their frlght-
ul devastation. It is Attila and his
enumerable horses rushing over the
vegetable world. To-day the wide
plains are shining green with donor
foliage; to-morrow nothing but brown
wigs and bare branches, when the
egions move off on their combined
mission. As ther arrive the dense.
dark clouds moving tin from the
horizon, and often obscuring the sun's
rays, proclaim the approach of the
widely-dreaded scourge. The alarmed
villagers congregate on the expected
line of march, beating drams and
brass pots, shouting and lighting bon-
li res and making all kinds of hideous
noises. On one occasion, in South
Africa. 1 drove off the enemy from a
friend's garden by making four heaps
of damp rubbish one at each corner
in preparation, and then, lighting
them at the proper moment, we dis
persed the advance guard, our col
umns of thick smoke being carried by
the wind upon the main body, which
altered its route. Horses and oxen.
their heads and nostrils tormented by
the clinging limbs of tbe swarms,
were bolting away to the woods,
kicking and plunging in their hasty
flight. A hissing, crackling sound
arose on all sides; the whole air
seemed to be occupied by the
falling and flying imps of mis-
hief. The "locust birds" (a
kind oC crane) hovered in small
parties on their flanks, and subsisted
on a very small percentage of the in
sect hosts. In desert localities, tbe
hungry pests actually pitched on bones,
matting, sticks, etc., and falling in a
meal, attacked and devoured each
other. On another occasion I drove
for miles along a sandr tract, the
wheels of the vehicle crushing
myriads of the newly-hatched insects,
all crawling and creeping, with mi
gratory instinct, toward the cultivated
racts. In India, locust visits are
further betwer -, but far more for
midable, owing to the overwhelming
masses. Sometimes a series of clubs.
composed of their flights, cover sever
al miles simultaneouily. Fortunately
there are several bird and - beast-in
quest oi ineir bodies, and I bare even
seen them salted; dried, and sold in
the markets. I have often inspected
a dish of curried locust, but could not
bring a sufficient amount of curiosity
to bear on the tasting experiment.
though a prawny odor went np with
the steam The fishes are great de-
vourers of these winged visitors, for
thev fall into lakes and rivers during
changes of wind and weather. Be
sides tires made of green rubbish at top.
found gunpowder explosions very
useful in scaring them away from the
vlciuity of my garden. When several
successive hordes alighted on my grass
and I loaded my gun with dust shot.
and, stooping low on the ground, dis
charged the contents of both barre's
nto their midst. Having done so
several times, 1 enjoyed the welcome
sight of seeing them rising into the
air and going elsewhere. I have no
doubt a small cannon on such oc
casions heavily loaded with sharp sand
would hasten their flight English
Tho Extent of a Comparatively
American lad a try.
"There is hardly a trade in the world
that has grown so rapidly during the
p ist few years as the cloak trade.
aid a manufacturer. "A few years
ago it was a trade' almost entirely un
known on this side of the Atlantic. In
this country alone now there are hun
dreds of houses devoted to its inter
Can you give me any figures as to
"According to retnrns made at the
last census, we find that the amount of
business transacted in the matter of
women's clothing fot.t -d np nearly
$30,000,000. and it is likely thet the
greater part of this was for outer gar
ments. About two-thirds of this, or
19.000.000. is credited to New York;
to Phila lelphia, $2,500,000; Boston.
$1,800,000; Chicago. $1,500,000; Cin
cinnati and San Francisco about $L-
000,000 each. According to the same
returns the amount of capital employed
was about S7.500.000; now it most be
about $10,000, 000."
What is the center for manufactur
ing cloaks in Europe?"
"Birlin, probably, because of the
cheap mtcuer in which they can be
puS together there A number of
cloaks used to be imported here from
Berlin, but the importation has largely
fallen off and domestic goods are now
used. The foreign manufacturers can
not make garments to fit our Ameri
can ladies welL"
"Where do the various style come
"Paris stands at the head of the list
of cities furnishing designs, although
we are every year advancing in that
line ourselves. Nearly all the cloak
houses have representatives abroad,
who visit London, Paris Be. i lin and
Vienna. They buy samples of what
they think wonld be a popular style
and send them over to be copied."
.V. . Mail and Express.
Egypt Is rapidly adopting the
usages of civilized nations. The new
i's movo in that direction is the en
gitgtiment of a ballet for the theater
a Cairo. Tho Khc-.livo has commis
sioned Ambrosclli at Paris to find the
dancers. Conditions are that the girls
must bo above fifteen but uol over
thirty years old. They must all be
good looking, which rule does not
allow of infringement except as re
gards the first dancer, the perfection
of whose feet may be a set-off for an
ngly face. Salaries to range from $50
to tS. 000 a year.
The transplanting of large trees is
said to be best effected by trenching
around them and severing the roots to
within a movable compass a season be
fore they are taken np. With ever
greens it is better to defer this opera
tion until the drying winds are over.
Tho Manner In tl t.cu ;olrm Aro Caught
hy Natives of India.
Mr. a T. Buckl.tml, F. Z. S., the
originator of the crusade against
snakes in India, mentions that, having
seen a cobra bite a fowl, lie watched
and saw the fowl fall dead within thirty
seconds from the time it was bitten.
This occurred in the house of a friend
who had engaged an itinerant snake
charmer to exhibit snakes to a party of
guests. Observing that Some people
have a peculiar faculty for handling
snakes. Mr. Buckland mentions that in
a work published not long ago by Mr.
F. B. Simson, a retired India civilian,
the following prescription for catching
eohrnx is given:
"When you come npon your cobra
make him rear up and 'expand' his
hood. He generally does this quick
enough; but, should he delay, whistle
to him. imitating the snake-charmers.
He will then certainly raise his head.
Then, with a small cane or stick, or
the ramrod of a gun, gently press his
head to the ground. The snake will
not object; he seems rather to like it.
When you press his head lightly to the
ground with the stick in your left hand,
you should seize tbe snake firmly with
j our right, close behind the head, hold
ing his neck rather tightly; then let go
the stick and catch hold of the tail.
The snake is jiowerless, and yon cat
do -what yon like with it You shouir
have an earthen pot brought and let th
snake pass into it, as snakes will at
ways go into any dark place."
Mr. Simson says that he had an ele
phant driver, or ninlmut. who was
great snake-catcher aud very reckless.
He writes thus:
'I never saw htm press down th
snake with a rod such as I have d
scribed; but he caught numbers
snakes of all sorts, and sent them aliv.
to his house. His movements were s
rapid, and generally in jungle wit
his back to me, that I never made ou
exactly why be did not get bit. ll
used to jump off his elephant, ieaviuj.
the animal in my guidance, and in :
moment afterward lie had the snake'-
neck in his hand. He said be caugh
them by the tails, swung them nnde
his arm, and held them there while h
slipped his hand np to the back of th
head. He then gave the snake sum
of bis clothing to amuse itself with
and on which to expend its venom. H
then wrapped the reptiles np in a loo
cloth and took very little trouble will,
them. I have seen him catch snako
scores of times; but I rather discour
aged him, as I did not like the idea o'
having live venomous snakes at large,
or even in earthen pots or boxes. A"
the same time he received good price?
for bis snakes."
Some people who are nsed to hand
ling snakes seem to lose all feeling o.
apprehension regarding them. Sii
Joseph Fayrer had no fear of them.
But he was very nearly bitten one day.
He and a friend were busy exaniiuiug
the peculiar anatomy of a portion of a
cobra's tail. The cobra was in a box
and a native assistant was supposed t
be holding down the lid of the box s
as to allow only the tail to protrude.
Somehow the native became careless
and he relaxed bis bold on the lid, s.
that the cobra suddenly put out its
head to see what Sir Joseph Favrer
was doing with its tuiL Luckily it was
more pleased than offended at the
liberties which were being taken with
its tail, bnt it was unpleasaut for Sir
Joseph iayrer to hnd his face almost
touching the cobra's mouth.
Dr. Bichards was another officer
who assisted Sir Joseph Fayrer in his
experiments with snakes. Dr. Rich
ards came one day to see a lady patient
at my house. He arrived in a palan
quin which was put down on the
portico. He went to the lady's room
:iid paid her a brief visit, and when
ha Came out of the room he went to the
palanquin and brought over to show
me in order to prove by experiment in
my presence that a particular kind ol
wood, which a native fakir declared to
be an antidote to snake jioison, was of
no value. It is unnecessary to recapit
ulate the experiments, but his familiar
ity with tho deadly snake was quite
alarming. Longman a Magazine.
WORK THAT COUNTS.
It Is Never Done by a Man Who Labor
Without Any Sratera.
It is one thing to work ; it is anothei
thing to do work. Yet men generally
are inclined to think that they ought to
itave credit and ought to receive paj
according to the number of hours or
days they spend at a piece of work,
rather than according to the work they
do in a given period. A man may
faithfully work all day. looking among
his papers for a missing memorandum
which he needs to enable him to do a
piece of work for which he expects
payment. It would hardly be fair,
however, for him to include a charge
for that day's work in his estimate of
the value of his services to the man
who employs him. So, again, a man
may work without any system, and by
his aimless methods waste five times
as many hours as he uses to advantage.
The work he does bears no fitting com
parison with his working. In fact,
rlie unfairt-st estimate a man can put
upon his work is by measuring it ac
cording to the time he spends in its
doing. Before a man congratulaie?
himself on having worked hard and
honestly all day, or all the week
through, he would do well to stop and
see whether he has done much work,
or has merely been at work. And if
he finds that he has little to show for
his working, it behooves him to learn
how to work, in order that work may
le a result of bis working. S. S.
Kill your lifj so fu'.l of helpful
thoughts and deeds for others that
there will be no room left for s lflsh
or sinful thoughts or deeds of any
kind. Serve faithfully your country
and the people with whom yon live,
help your brother, and remember he
is most your brother who most needs
your help, and that in helping others
yi n are best helping yourself. SL
Some public lecturers ot subjects
rclaiing u iho higher lore charge an
exorbitant priee; but, when they can't
get it, they generally eoasent to take
a lower hire.
rroplttatlng tho Evil Spirits aad the GroaS
Dragon of Canton Rtvor.
In the ruined sort of a court-yard be
low amateur photography was attempt
ed, but not a coolie could be made or
hired to stand np before the big earner
on the tripod. Superstition la one of tbe
contradictions and inconsistencies of
Chinese character, and, shrewd as they
are in cheating and bargaining, their
acumen and penetration fail utterly
when they come to spiritual affairs. A
Chinaman's prayers and offerings are
all to placate and appease the evil
spirits, his hard-headed logic working
out that the good spirits are bound
to look after and kindly help him, so
that the averting of the schemes of the
evil spirits is the real thing for him to
look out He believes that photography
is an invention of the devil for stealing
away his spirit, and that when his Im
age appears on the paper something of
hie real bodily self has been taken
away. They hare the greatest terror
of losing an arm or leg. or any part of
themselves, and dissection of ter death
is the most awful thing a foreigner can
threaten them with. With all their
terror of the devil and the machina
tions of the evil spirits, they yet seem
to have poor opinion of the wits of these
Infernal ones, as they try to hoodwink
and deceive them by the most childish
and ludicrous devices. The reason ef
always putting a screen at the door
way is to prevent the devil from jump
ing in, and the round doors and win
dows, that are emblems of the son, are
opposed to keep back all spirits, none
being able to pass through one of these
magic circles. At the midwinter and
midsummer festivals all the supersti
tions crop np. Dog meat, which is as
freely exposed in the markets as fish,
er long-necked ducks, and always with
the black tuft at the end of the taQ
left on to prove its superior quality,
is eaten at these times to promote
health for tbe rest of the season. One
is sure to partake of the qualities of
the animal whose flesh he eats, and as
cat and dog meat make them tireless.
brave and enduring.rat meat is believed
to surely quicken the hearing and to
make the hair grow luxuriantly. This
theory is shared by all primitive and
uncivilized people, and the American
Indian has the same belief. At the
midsummer festival more noise is made
than at any other time of the year, as
the great dragon of the Canton river
has then to be propitiated. He once
dragged a fisherman down to
watery depths and devoured him,
and his fiery eyes and phosphores
cent body are often seen prowling
the river in search of another juicy
fisherman. The boat population turn
pandemonium loose in June and fright
en the dragon Ait of his appetite by
their gongs and firecrackers, and tone
npon tons of boiled rice and gallons of
rice brandy are poured into the river
as substitute food. They have a real,
actual fear of the great water dragon,
and they scored a point on the scoffing
foreigners, who dread the horrible,
three-inch-long, coal black, hook
clawed Canton cockroach far more,
when a deadly cobra was fonnd on
Shameen island. The cobra, or for a
long time the "what is it," was known
to be on the island, but it hovered too
closely about the club-house and mani
fested itself too late at night for any
one to believe it more than the legiti
mate dragon of bottled spirits. The
few night-owls who claimed to have
seen it cross their paths by moonlight,
or to have hr.d it coil itself around their
ankles, were treated as people are
treated at home when they tell of the
sea-serpent. The American Consul de
termined to settle the question, after
he had felt its coil, when he was enter
ing the club-house early one evening.
In due course of time the intrepid
American caught his cobra, bottled it
and sent it to the Hong Kong museum,
and the Chinese shook their heads
wisely at the proof that the original old
dragon was sending its young after
offenders. Cor. SL Louis Olobe-Iemo-craL
PARIS RAG GATHERERS.
A Woll Organhceel Army of Thirty Thou
sand Men and Woman.
There are in Paris over thirty thou
sand people who make their living ont
of rag-gathering and burrowing in the
ash bins of the city, and many more
who are dependent directly on the rag
industry. Unlike their professional
brethren in London, they have not
taken to rag-gathering as a necessity
when every throg else had failed. They
are organized and knit together like
any co-operative or industrial society,
and are divided into two great classes
of workers diurnal and nocturnaL
The nocturnal breed begin to ply their
work about eleven o clock. They may
be seen going from street to street car
rying a huge basket on their back and
with a lantern in one hand and an iron
hook called a crotchet in the other.
They walk smartly along the gutter.
looking keenly about their feet, and
now and then pick np something with
the crotchet and pitch it into the hotU
or basket. They stop at every dust-
box, and after ransacking it to their
heart's content, proceed on to the next.
The weaker and younger members of
the fraternity work at home. Tbe rag
gatherers have regular beats on the
streets. When a chiffonier wishes to
retire, he sells the good-will of his bus
iness to his successor before he give
up his medal. Every master chiffonier
has a certain number of pickers at
tached to him. He pays them by piece
work. The daily earnings of the craft
vary from twenty-five to thirty -seven
cents. Paris Letter.
A Considerate Husband. t
Husband-! never rebuke my wife
except in two cases.
Friend What are theyF
"In the first place, I am rode to her
when she reproaches me."
"And under what other circum
stanc s are yon rude to her?"
"Well, when she don't reproach
The Czai receives from his treas
ury tffioer every year 9 500,000 rubles
for household expenses and 2.000,000
rnbles for his stable. A ruble is worth
65 cents. In addition to this, the
Crown Prince, now a boy at home, re
ceives 2,000,000 rubles a year until he
Is of age.