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About Eagle Valley news. (Richland, Or.) 191?-1919 | View This Issue
HUNS DEMAND BALTIC
WE MUST FIGHT ON
TEUTON SPIES ACTIVE
Teutons Tell Russians to Yield Pro
vinces or Fight - Pence Negotla
Hons Practically Broken.
Try to Paralyze Trulllc and Hinder
Movement of Coal --Authorities
Alert and Guards Doubled.
Brief Resume Most Important
Daily News Items.
COMPILED FOR YOU
Events of Noted People, Governments
and Pacific Northwest and Other
Things Worth Knowing.
The resignation of Count Hiuiik, tho
Hurgarian food minister, has been ac
cepted, according to a dispatch from
"Uncle Joe" Cannon reappeared at
the Capitol Friday in a wheel chair
with a knee disabled and an arm frac
tured at the shoulder from his recent
The house of representativso by a
vote of 27S to 53 Friday defeated a
Dill designated to give to settlers on
government irrigation projects the
right to make farm loans from Federal
Warm spring wind is blowing across
the plains country of Nebraska and the
snow is everywhere disappearing un
der a bright sun. As the chinook
reaches further eastward warm weath
er in that direction is developing.
Guy E. Waite, of East Ottawa, Ont,
is an independent man in these days of
coal shortage. Some months ago he
discovered a two-foot vein of high
grade coal beneath his house. Now he
digs coal and shovels it direct to the
furnace, regardless of snow-blocked
railroads or heatless days.
An upheaval in the New York police
department, the most sensational in
years, was caused by Mayor John F.
Hylan Thursday when he demanded the
resignation as commissioner of Fred
erick H. Bugher, whom he appointed
to the office on January 1. Mr.
Bugher promptly complied with the
Hearings before the President's me
diation commission, endeavoring to
settle difficulties between the meat
packers and their employes, were con
tinued Friday, with indications that
the workers proposal that the govern
ment take control of the packing
plants for the war will not be dropped
by the men.
Stories of labor unrest, agitation by
radicals and shortage of workers in the
Northwest were declared Friday by
the United States Employment Service
to be greatly exaggerated and mis'
leading. Workingmen in other sec'
tions of the country were warned par
ticularly against going to the North
west without first ascertaining what
job3 are in sight.
Half of the 30,000 men who have
taken refuge in Switzerland as desert
ers or in order to avoid military serv
ice in their own country are to be mo
bilized by the Swiss government for
civilian service. They will be put at
work on the land to increase the agri
cultural production. They will receive
food and clothing and 26 cents pay a
day, the pay of Swiss soldiers.
An old desk, which has been used in
the United States land office in Van
couver, Wash., since it was first estab
lished in 1801 and which was shipped
around Cape Horn in a sailing vessel,
was sold for $1.20 to Mrs. Elizabeth
Funk, at a public auction held in the
old office Friday. Mrs. Funk will do
nate the old relic to a historical society
in Vancouver, which will make a col
lection of as many old relics as possi
ble and have them on exhibition there.
The Philharmonic Society of New
York has announced that no composi
tions of living German composers shall
be played by the Philharmonic Orches
tra for the duration of the war.
Letters have been sent by the Treas
ury to 124,000 ministers asking them
to impress upon their congregations
that it is their duty to pay their in
come taxes cheerfully and willingly.
To the bill requiring the War de
partment to furnish Army officers with
uniforms at cost, Secretary Daniels
has asked the senate military commit
tee to add a provision for naval offi
cers. Two persons were killed and 15 seri
ously injured at Omaha early Monday
night when a railroad coal car loaded
with cinders broke away from a switch
train and crashed into a streetcar load
ed with passengers.
Observance of the Sabbath by all
men in military and naval service was
directed by President Wilson in a
Btatement issued Tuesday at the White
House. All Sunday labor, ho asked,
be reduced to tho measure of strict ne
Petrogrnd The Uusslan delegates
to tho Brest-Litovsk peace, conference
have decided unanimously to reject tho
terms ottered by tho Germans.
Tho decision of tho delegates was
announced to tho Associated Press Fri
day night by M. KamenelT, n member
of the Russian delegation.
Final decision as to peace or war, M.
KamenelT said further, rested with tho
congress of soldiers' and workmen's del
egates, which was convened here. Tho
congress is expected to take up tho
question of peace or war at once.
Russia must give up Courland and
all tho Baltic provinces or tho Germans
will resume military operations and
occupy Reval within a week, tho Ger
man delegation at Brest-Litovsk ne
gotiations informed the Russian repre
sentatives at tho last session of tho
An adjournment was taken until
January 29 to permit tho Russians to
consider tho German terms.
Reports of tho session indicato that
the Germans took n definite stand, and
most frankly outlined demands ujwn
which they are insistent.
The secretnry of the Ukranian dele
gation gave out an account of tho
meeting. It says the Russians put a
question to the delegates of tho cen
tral powers as to what were tho final
General HofTmann, ono of tho Ger
man delegates, replied by opening n
map and pointing out the following
line which they insisted should consti
tute the future frontier of Russia:
From the shores of tho Gulf of Fin
land to the aest of the Moon Sound Is
lands to Valk, to the west of Minsk,
This completely eliminates Courland
and all the Baltic provinces.
The Russians asked the terms of the
central powers in regard to the terri
tory south of Brest-Litovsk. General
Hodman replied that was a question
which they would discuss only with
M. KamanefT, a member of tho Rus
sian delegation, asked:
"Supposing we do not agree to such
conditions what are you going to
General HofTmann's answer is re
ported to have been:
"Within a week, then, we would oc
The Russians then asked for a re
cess, which was granted reluctantly.
The Germans declared it was the
last postponement to which they would
WORKERS TO RULE SCHWAB
Labor Destined to Solve Big Economic
Questions of Future.
New York Charles M. Schwab,
president of the Bethlehem Steel Cor
poration, declared in an address at a
dinner here Friday night that the time
is near at hand "when the men of the
working class the men without prop
erty will control the destinies of the
"The Bolsheviki sentiment must be
taken into consideration," Mr. Schwab
declared, "and in the very near future
we must look to tho worker for a solu
tion of the great economic questions
now being considered. I am not one
to turn over carelessly my belongings
for the uplift of the nation, but I am
one who has come to believe that the
worker will rule, and the sooner we
realize this the better it will be for
our country and the world at large.
"In these times of war we of Amer
ica Bhould not criticise the actions of
our President and our nation. We are
behind him and we are behind the na
tion. When I say 'we' I mean the
steel men of the United States.
Within the next 18 months wo will
have more tonnage on the ocean than
all the nations of the world.
"But don't let us run away with the
idea that we have a light job on our
hands. We must realize that it is the
duty of every citizen to give his last
dollar and his last drop of blood in de
fense of his country."
Chinese Profess Regret.
Pekin Tho foreign office has ex
pressed regret for the attack on the
American gunboat Monocacy in the
Yangstse Kiang river last week, in
which one sailor was killed and two
others were wounded. The foreign
office has promised to make an investi
gation and to give reparation.
A patrol of tho river by foreign
warships is likely to result from rec
ommendations made by tho diplomatic
German Floods do Damage.
Amsterdam Telegrams from Frank
fort to Dutch newspapers report that
the recent sudden rise of tho river
Nahe, a tributary of the Rhine, caused
damage of several million marks to
Germn property. Tho town of Sobern
heim, on the Nahe, with a population
of about 3000, Is reported to havo col
lapsed like a pack of cards.
German Attitude Toward Peace
Brings Call for Allied Aims.
U. S. ACTION PLEASES
Loyal Adherence to Policies Outlined
by Wilson and Lloyd George In
dicated nt Tollers Meeting.
Nottingham, England Tho British
Labor Party Thursday declared its jh
Bition as regards war and peace. By
a majority of about two-thirds In a
viva voce vote the delegates supported
the war aims program recently pro
mulgated by their executive commit
tee, which corresK)ii(ls generally with
the recent utterances of President
Wilson and David Lloyd George, tho
Presidunt Wilson figures as ono of
tho Labor Party's prophets. In the
opening session his namo was men
tioned no less than six times, in each
case in connection with his recent war
aims speech, which was described as
essentially the same point of view as
tho British Labor Party's.
Tho delegates of the French Social
ists gained hearty applause when he
"President Wilson has declared on
behalf of tho common people of the
whole world the terms which tho com
mon people want. This statement has
now been agreed to by every allied
government, including tho Russian
Bolsheviki. In tho face of this unan
imity of opinion tho central govern
ments are silent, but their peoples arc
restless and disturbed, and before long
they, too, may come into tho agree
ment." All amendments suggested by paci
fists were swept aside in favor of a
single resolution of moderate length,
welcoming the utterances of President
Wilson and Mr. Lloyd George, and an
invitation was put forward to tho cen
tral powers to make known their war
aims, as tho entente allies have dune.
One amendment, which was downed
with scant consideration, was a pro
posal to eliminate mention in the reso
lution of President Wilson ami Mr.
Lloyd George, although tho backers of
it carefully explained that it was
olTered in no spirit of unfriendliness,
but in the belief that the resolution
would carry more weight ' with tho
German and Austrian Socialists if it
avoided the appearance of approving
the acts of "representatives of capi
At the opening of the conference
Frank Purdy, the president, said t iat
if Germany would not accept tho terms
President Wilson, Premier Lloyd
George and the Labor party had lai i
down as the minimum, "we must fight
on." Purdy Haid Germany could claim
no longer that sho was fighting a de
G0MPERS OFFERS 7 HOURS
Labor Leader, in Address to Miners,
Proposes New War-Time Measure
Indianapolis, Ind. After a spirited
contest the proposition to give all dis
tricts in the coal industry of tho coun
try representation in conferences
where basic wage agreement is made,
or a policy formulated that is appli
cable to other districts, was defeated
in tho convention of tho United Mine
Workers Thursday by a vote of 958 to
Tho proposition had been before tho
convention for three days and was op
posed by district and international offi
cers as a menace to tho life of tho or
ganization. Tho fight was resumed Thursday af
ter Samuel Gornpers, of the American
Federation of Labor, had made a
speech in which he suggested a univer
sal seven-hour day during tho war to
conserve fuel, instead of tho present
plan of having idle MondayH.
Mr. Compere' speech to tho milium
was regarded as labor's message to the
country on tho action of tho Fuel ad
ministration. Bolsheviki Busy Looting.
Amsterdam According to a Petro
grad dispatch to German newspapers
which was received by an Indirect
route, the Bolsheviki have seized a
portion of tho funds of tho Roumanian
treasury deposited in Moscow banks
and also have taken the Roumanian
Crown Jowels at Kishinev.
According to the dispatch, Queen
Marie of Roumanla has fled from
Kishinev to J ussy, tho Roumanian
Now York Deflnlto information
said to havo been obtained by tho gov
ernment that German agents had been
instructed to use all mcatm to paralyze
tho ulTort to move freight and clear
ship Is understood hero to bo rcsonsI
bio for tho doubling of guards Tuesday
at all piers, shipyards and torminals.
Copies of instructions sent to Gor
man agents by tho headquarters of the
German spy system aru reported to
havo boon obtained by agents of tho
United States government.
Orders wero received hero Monday
night to take all proiautloim to pro
vent attempts to do damage.
Guards of all kinds, military and
private, have been doubled at all
H)lnts where shipping and shipping
interests are concerned.
In addition to extra guards, It was
learned that orders wero also issued to
scrutinize with moru than usual euro
tho credentials of persons seeking to
pass the barred zones.
Tho orders came from Washington
and wero issued by telegraph. It was
learned they called for prompt action.
It is understood they applied not only
to New York, but to every ort on tho
Atlantic and Gulf coasts.
General observance of the first heat
less Monday was retried throughout
Many railroads wore assisting In tho
elTort to supply homes and trans-Atlantic
shipping with coal, and were
moving little general freight.
Coal and food wero virtually tho
only comtnodios moving, aside from a
small amount of necessary war sup
plies. Tho volume of coal reaching sea
board for bunkering ships was steadily
State Fuel administrators rcortod
most nllico buildings, although per
mitted certain exemptions, were burn
ing only enough coal to prevent freez
ing of pipes.
Department stores and other estab
lishments generally wero closed.
PORTLAND AUTO SHOW SOON
War Emphasizes Economic Importance
of Automobiles an Never Before.
Portland - Special rates will bo
granted by the railroads to the coming
big Portland Automobile, Truck and
Tractor Show, which will bo held in
the new City Auditorium from Fobru
ary 7 to 13, inclusive.
Tho war has emphasized tho eco
nomic importance of the automobile as
never before. Ono of the main pur
poses of this automobile show will bo
to demonstrate the many ways in
which the passenger automobile tho
truck and the farm tractor can help
business and industry and thereby add
to tho war resources of the nation.
All the latest passenger car models
will be shown, hut the truck and tho
farm tractor particularly will havo a
place of honor at tho show. Tho farm
tractor has added tremendously to tho
agricultural efficiency of Franco and
Great Britain. In fact, farm tractors
havo helped so greatly to defeat tho
German submarine campaign by mak
ing jiossiblo tho cultivation of in
creased acreage for food production,
that tho French anil British govern
ments have placed huge orders in this
country for stilt more of them.
Tho United States government in
encouraging tho use of tractors and
trucks to oltset tho growing shortage
of man power and horses and to in
crease food production and business
efficiency. Added to this is tho fact
that they are cheaper to opurato than
horses doing only a small part of tho
A largo attendance from outside
points is expected during Automobile
Show week. Special arrangements
aro being made for tho reception of
dealers and other visitors from out
side of Portland.
Woman Slays Husband.
Boise, Idaho George Burko, of
Mountain Home, near here, was shot
and instantlly killed by his wife, Mon
day, as a culmination of a family
quarrel. Mrs. Burko accused her hus
band of anltempting to beat her. She
says ho fired the first shot, which went
wido of the mark. Mm. Burku fired
two shots, both of which took effect.
Mr. Burko was 55 years old. Tho cor
oner'a jury late Monday exonerated
Mrs. Burke, who pleaded self-defense.
Price-Fixing Is Bought.
Washington, D. C- Draft of u bill
giving the President broad powers to
fix prices of foods and other products
essential to the conduct of tho war or
for domestic consumption was laid be
fore members of tho house agriculture
committee Tuesday by President Wil
son, with tho request that it be pressed
Million Men and Women Said
To Be Out on Strike.
WAR PLANS SUFFER
Military Situation Declared to Be In
, volvcd and Even Endangered by
Geneva Some nows of n reliable
nature has begun to tricktu across tho
Swiss frontier which seemingly proves
that Austria and Hungary aro In tho
throes of tho greatest economic crisis
since tho war began.
It is estimated that more than n
million workmen and women have
struck. A majority of those wero em
ployed in the war industrloH, and only
a small section of them havo returned
in answer to tho bail of higher wages.
The others, it Is said, are assuming
a moru than threatening attitude and
dally aro demanding peace and cheaper
it Is said that Hungary abHoiitoly ro
fuses to give cereals either to Austria
or to Germany and that Roumanian
stocks of grain aro exhausted. The
military situation is involved and oven
endangered by the strikes which con
tinue. London The strike movement and
tho accompanying food demonstrations
have spreail throughout tho whole of
the dual empire, including (ialicla, anil
have tncry where assumed a di Ileal
character, with the demand for peace
taking precedence over everything
On Sunday evening, according to a
Wireless Press dispatch from Borne,
disorderly scenes took place when hun
ger marchers wort) organized, and a
number of shojw looted in Vienna.
Ono crowd attempted to cut ita way
toward tho Imperial palace, but was
driven back by tho guard. Tho police
were unable to handle tho mobs which
ran riot in some of tho streets.
FOURTH BIG STORM BLOWING
East Again Buried in Snow, Co
Shortage In Fuel ami Fond
Chicago The fourth great storm of
the winter season is sweeping over tho
Eastern states, tying up transHrta
tlon, crippling telegraph and telephone
wires and greatly increasing the sulTor
ing caused by a shortage of fuel and
Tho storm originated in the South
west and raged up the Mississippi .val
ley. It was diverted by northwestern
gales and pursued a course eastward
through tho Ohio valley, Pennsylvania
and West Virginia.
The storm comes just at a time
when tho various cities were strug
gling out of previous blizzards.
Extraordinary work has been done
everywhere to clear away the snow so
trains could operate and the fresh on
slaught will cause much of this labor
to bo repeated.
The country districts over a vast
area aro hopelesnty snowbound and will
remain so until March.
Tho farmers have trampled Indian
trails through the banked roads and
can get to and from town on horse
back, but tills Is tho only means of
locomotion over at least eight states,
except around thu towns and cities
where organized oirort has partially
broken through tho roads.
Families who aro not supplied with
food and fuel are existing upon what
can bo carried in bags and baskets, by
a man on horseback.
Thu coal situation la acute all over
the East and with tho advent of a
fresh snow storm passenger tralim
were abandoned and thu loeornotivcH
sent to haul coal trains,
Tho worst fuel situation in the his
tory of the city confronts Chicago.
Not ono pound of coal has been accum
ulated as a surplus, despite thu five
day suspension of business, and zero
weather is in sight.
Million Dollars Mislaid.
New York Eight mall sacks con
taining money and jewelry valued at
close to $1,000,000 which wero sup
posed to have been stolen from a mall
truck during a ferryboat trip from
Communipaw, N. J., to this city Janu
ary 7, wero found Wednesiuly night In
tho postofllco building. William F.
Cochran, chief of thu United States
postal inspectors, expressed tho belief
that they had been mislaid during a
great rush of mail.