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About Eagle Valley news. (Richland, Or.) 191?-1919 | View This Issue
THE MEN BEHIND THE GUNS
This Is a reproduction of a drawing
the author contributed to the food administration for use In Its campaign for
Military Organization of
Romans 2,000 Years Ago
Was Model of Efficiency
1 When Homo Invaded tho Gcrninnlc
countries nhout 11 H. O., or Julius
Caesar's time the Itomnn general Fluff
wan obliged to scud back to thu rear
along tho Ithlne nml the I.lppo largo
nmouiitH of grain and other rations,
says the People's Homo Journnl. The
vessels In which these were transport
eil nearly '.'.(KM) years ago hnve been
found In iiiouuiIn of earth nml refuse
recently excavated. These great earth
en vhhiIh are marked with many
Inscriptions regarding their con
tents, showing how carefully tho lto
man general staff did Its work. As
nn example of elUeleuey the ltoman
military organization Iiiih been the
wonder of the world. From the In
scriptions on these vessels one ills
rovers how the Hoinan soldier was
fed. Ills rations evidently consisted
of bread, the staff of life, for the
preparation of which the grain was
ground In small hand mills.
1'ImIi, snails, miiKsels and oysters, as
well as many kinds of fruit, especially
peaches, were Included In the hill of
fare. Of metal vessels the common
man of that day knew very little; be
nto from earthen ungluzed dishes and
cooked his food In pots of the name
ware. A curious document has been
found 111 the caves of the 1,000 lludil
has In India, written about 000 A. I)..
and In a good state of preservation.
The author, a military olllcer by the
name of Itugatiir Chlgsll. pronounces
In angry terms Ids dissatisfaction with
tho food supplied by the commissary de
partment, viz: One sheep and two
lint Is of water for the commandliiK olll
cer mid ,'tO adjutants, all of whose
names are recorded. 'Ttugul, the
commissary, Is a wretched, good-for-nothing
slave," declared Iliigatnr. This
complaint recorded over 1,000 years
ago, Is the "touch of nature which
makes the whole world kin."
Guard Little Expenses and
Big Ones Give No Trouble
It Is not "mean" to keep an account
of little expenses, observes mi ex
change. Tho United States govern
ment requires nil postmasters to col
lect and soil waste paper and string,
and render an account of thu money
realized from tho sale; nriny olllcers
uro required to account for every ham
mer, every bit of harness, yard of
cloth or gilt button; and tho weather
bureau requires Its observers to re
port tho disposition of every postngo
So It Is In every groat mercantllo or
manufacturing establishment, tho lit
tle expenses nro rigidly looked after,
bucnuso oxporlonco 1ms shown that
In thu aggregate they amount to lnrgo
Tnkci enro of tho pennies by noting
whoro they go, nnd you will bo sur
prised to find how tho prnctlco will net
na o check on useless expenditure
Km a guard on the little cxpchsoHj
UUU 3flu "vu u iruuuiu Willi mu
by Howard Chandler Christy, which
Mud Hornet Is More Than
A Match for the Spider:
Captures Victim by Trick,
I once saw. dn the p6rch of my
residence on Lake HopatcotiB, n mud'
hornet deliberately fall Into and en-'
tangle, herself In a spider web. Hud
son Maxim writes In tho North Atner-,
ican jieview. -j lie spider, perching.
upon an outer corner of tho web, In
stnntly sprang at the hornet, then
stopped, and decided that It diet not-
want 10 incKiu the hornet, and re
turned to Its perch.
After waiting a while for the spider
to como to tho attack, the hornet
freed herself very easily from the'
web; and I watched her tly several'
times In circles nml then deliberately1
alight In another nearby web and en-'
tangle herself In It. Instnntly the,
alert spider, evidently either more
hungry or less cautious than the oth
er, sprang upon the hornet, when,
with an alacrity that would shame the
lightning, and with a precision devel
oped beyond the contingency of error,
that hornet seized the spider, Jabbed
her sting Into It and paralyzed It.
Then she did It up nicely and carried
I learned afterward, In the study of!
Insects, that this Is the regular habit'
of the "mud hornet that she catches,
spiders In this manner, pnralyzlng
them with her sting. Shu places them
one after another In a mud pocket.
that she has constructed for tho pur
pose, until she has enough canned
spiders to feed her young when they
hatch out In the spring. The spiders
do not die, but remain alive In their
prison until attacked by the larvae of
the hornet and eaten at tho proper;
time, ltatber hard on the spiders '.
but the habits of tho spiders them
selves are not such us to elicit much
I Wise and Otherwise.
i Lnvo makes tho world go
I round ami men go broke.
I Some peoplo nro proud of
f their past because It Is past.
What women say causes nioro
trouble than what men think.
To tho woman who carries
her ago well life Isn't much of
It doesn't pay to advertise un
less you are ublo to deliver the
Ono way to maVo peoplo be
lluvo In you Is to pretend that
you bollovo In them.
Gossips have no use for peo
plo who refuso to supply them
with rnw material.
I should sny sincerity, n deep, great;
gonulno sincerity, Is tho first charac
teristic of nil men In nny wuy heroic.
When Dwarf Sees Farther.
Tho dwarf sees farthor thaj tho
giant when ho lias tho giant's shoulders;
to mount on. Colenlilgo.
Fresh Air In Both Home
and Hospital Important
Says a Health Official
fresh nlr Is tho environment In
which man developed to his present
statu of perfection. Now that our news
papers reach to every nook mid corner
of tho world, bearing tho message,
most men nnd women appreciate the
part pure nlr plays In sustaining
health, writes Kamuel (J. Dixon, M. D
l) D, He, commissioner of health.
Owing to tho various demands of civ
ilization wo Unit It hard to be where
we can best earn a livelihood and at
the same time dwell In an atmosphere
Mtilllclontly pure to maintain perfect
health. Not only the medical profes
sion, hut now thu general public, ap
preciates that In tin; cure of tubercu
losis of the lungs fresh air Is essential,
and, therefore, all our best hospitals
are built and managed so that the pa
tients may receive the maximum of
I'urlty of nlr Is necessary for the
sick. This Is often lost sight of In
patients and those to whose care they
are Intrusted. During convalescence
of patients from ucute diseases In cold
weather, we And In homes and hospi
tals where there are the greatest lux
uries that those In attendance on the
sick often neglect maintaining the reg
ulation temperature. J'hyhlclans, In
ternes and nurses, who have to be up
mid down at all times of the day and
night, and often fall to dress them
selves sulllclently for protection
against the cold air that the patient In
bed should receive If those In charge
are to get the best results. They
should measure the temperature of the
room by a thermometer and not by
their own feelings.
Rats, Pets of Miners, Warn
Workmen of Unseen Dangers
There Is one place In the world
where rats are pets. Such Is the case,
says the public health service. In the
deep gold mines of the mother lode In
In those underuround workings there
nro great numbers of rats, which are
petted nnd fed by the miners. When
the latter assemble at noontime to eat
tlieir luncfi, the hungry rodents 'like
wise gather to receive scraps of food
thrown to them. They are very tame.
The miners cultivate their good will
because they believe that the rats
warn them of unseen dangers, nnd that
the little animals can tell by Instinct
when the roof of a tunnel or gnllery
Is unsnfe. In the latter ense they
scurry away. If poisonous gases nre
present, they give notice of the fact
by showing symptoms of distress.
WH I 1 Ull MM 111 1 I I t M It
t Mother's Cook Book
IHH I H-M If 1 1H I 1 I I It I
Variety In Put-Up Lunches.
The problem of school lunches for
the mother who has this dally routine
Is one which needs study and plan
ning. Thu sandwich, however good,
attractive and In what variety, Is not
tho whole Idea of food for the lunch
basket. The usual hard-boiled egg
which Is so frequent In the lunch,
might be replaced by a cooked egg,
finely chopped and well seasoned, put
Into n small Jar with u screw cover.
Other edibles of soft nature might be
served In the same manner, such as
potato or other salads, a little fresh
fruit In season, canned fruit, apple
sauce cranberry or various custards.
Coffee or lemon Jelly Is n great fn-
yurlte and Individual cakes are more
Inviting and dainty than sliced from
a loaf. When possible In school, espe
cially In cool weather, u hot drink like
cocoa, hot milk or a steaming hot soup
Is most satisfying.
arley Sponge Cake.
Separate the whites from the yolks
of four eggs. Heat the yolks and a
tablespoonful of lemon Juice nnd n
cupful of sugar, a pinch of salt nnd u
cupful of barley Hour. Told In the
whites of the eggs and bake In a slow
Spice Garley Cake.
Tako n half cupful of shortening, n
cupful of sugar, u cupful of sour milk,
u tenspoonful each of cloves, cinna
mon, nutmeg and allspice, one egg, a
fourth of n cupful of sliced citron, 2V
cupful8 of barley Hour, three teaspoon
fills of baking powder, n half teaspoon
fill of soda, dissolved In the sour milk,
u cupful of raisins and two tablespoon
full of molasses. Mix ull together and
bnko in n moderate oven.
Tako n cupful of milk, n cupful of
sugar, two eggs, four tublcspoonfuls
of melted shortening, n hnlf tenspoon
ful of salt, n fourth of n tenspoonful
of various spices, threo tcnspoonfuls
of baking powdor ndded to two cupfuls
of bnrley flour, using tnoro to mix nnd
roll out, nbout five cupfuls In nil. Fry
In deep fnt as usual. Sprlnklo with
powdered sugar und senre.
am a mm tvttttt to
! IN BRIEF.
School children in Denton and Polk
county districts will hold u rural life
week February 17-23, in which they
will feature George Washington as a
Tho Umpqun river is expected to
become ono of the industrial centers of
thu state, and tho first of threo new
sawmills now under construction will
be ready for operation in two weeks,
probably, nnd in threo certainly.
Parole Officer Keller has received
letters from three men' now out on
parole tendering their services to go to
trance in event ft company of prison
ers is selected from the state peniten
tiary, along tho lino of Keller's sug
gestion of a few days ago.
Formal organization of the Central
Oregon irrigation district, recently
voted by settlers on the Central Oregon
Irrigation company project, has been
completed nt Bend, with the election
of J. A. Thompson as president and
James G. McGifiie as secretary.
For tho purposo of developing a
saner and better system for tho settle
ment of agricultural and logged-off
lands of the state, Governor Withy
combc has created a new non-salaried
commission, to be known as the Ore
gon Land Settlement commission.
Frank Astman returned to Canby
from Rocknway Beach, Tillamook, last
week, where he has a timber claim,
Mr. Astman said that he has a contract
with tho government to cut 1,000,000
feet of split spruce. He will cut 56,
000 feet each month. He already has
n crew of men at work.
Lost week Hood River residents
were unable to obtain fish. Local
dealers say that halibut has been un
obtainable in the Portland wholesale
mnrkct, and the cost of salmon, 26
cents a pound in Portland, makes it
so expensive as a food there that pa
trons cannot afford to buy it.
Bend policemen raiding a shanty oc
cupied by Joe Kaaleston, in Terminal
Addition, this week, uncovered a com
plete still used in the manufacture of
liquor. A patent iron press and five
gallons of wine and an additional quan
tity in process of fermentation were
also found. Kaalcstori is held under
The United States government is
making an investigation of the ship
building possibilities of the Siuslaw
river. A. A. Eichler, of Oakland,
Cal., special investigator for the
Emergency Fleet Corporation, has ar
rived nt Glenada, and will check up
reports on the river now on file in
The dangerous crossing of the Pa
cific Highway and the Southern Pacific
tracks at Divide, just south of Cottage
Grove, must be eliminated during the
coming year, according to an order of
the Public Service commission. An
overhead crossing must bo constructed,
the railway bearing 40 per cent of the
expense, the county 30 per cent and
the stnte 30 per cent.
County agents, home demonstration
agents nnd girls and boys clubs of
Oregon have concluded a busy week of
preparation for the big food campaign
to meet the call of tho government for
more food production and better con
servation. Plans for orgnnizing the
farm and tho. home nnd the school
forces for concerted nnd well-directed
effort by which every lick will be
mnde to count for the most possible,
were very thoroughly worked out, and
will be put into effect in tho counties
that hnve responded to the nation's
call for county agents in every county.
Tho Henryville mine, near Marsh
field, lensed n year ago by It. M. Jen
nings, has been turned back to it own
ers, the Coos Bity Lumber company,
with liabilities agninst it amounting
to nenrly ?30,000.
Cyrus H. Wnlker, of Albnny, oldest
living white man born west of tho
Rocky Mountains, was struck by nn
auto in Albnny Friday night, but es
caped serious injury. Ho suffered 30
vero bruises, however.
Henry Hooker, said to hnve declnred
to his fellow workers in the Silver
Falls Lumber company's camp, neur
Silverton, that he is an nlien enemy
nnd would return to Germany nnd fight
for tho Kniser if given tho oppor
tunity, wns taken to jail nt Snlem by
Deputy Sheriff Bowers. Hooker says
ho wns bom in Prussia nnd hns lived
in Amoricn for years. Ho will be
turned over to tho Federal authorities.
R. Alcxnnder, a prominent merchant
of Pondleton, is considering becoming
a enndidnto in tho Republican primar
ies for stnto trensurer, according to
word received in Salem.
Tho Southorn Curry County Tele
phono compnny wns granted a reclassi
fication of its rates in an order issued
by tho Public Service commission Sat
urday, to become efToctivo Februnry 1.
Undor tho present rates $6 n quarter
is charged for its various classes of
business and residence service. ,
Cut out the following recipes and
paste them In your cook book tchelp
you Hooverlze. They have been
thoroughly tested by Instructors and
special lecturers In the department
of economics at the University of
Eggless Rye Muffins 2 c ryo flour,
4 tsp baking powder, J tap salt, 4 tap
sugar, 1 c miik, 1 tbsp melted fat. Mix
dry ingredients, add milk and melted
fat and bako in a hot oven.
Graham Biscuit 1 c white flour, 1
c graham flour, 5 tsp baking powder, 2
tbsp shortening, lc milk, i tsp salt.
Mix dry ingredients and sift twice.
Work in shortening with tips of fin
gers, add gradually the liquid, mixing
with knife to soft dough. It is impos
sible to determine exact amount of
liquid, owing to difference in flour.
Pat and roll lightly on floured board to
1 inch thickness. Cut with a biscuit
cutter, place on buttered pan and bake
in hot oven.
Rye BiBcuits 1 c white flour 1 c
rye flour, C tsp baking powder, 2 tbsp
shortening, 1 c milk, 1 tsp salt. Mix
dry ingredients and sift twice. Work
in shortening with tips of fingers, add
gradually the liquid, mixing with a.
knife to soft dough. Pat and roll
lightly on a floured board to J inch
thickness. Cut with biscuit cutter,
place on buttered pan and bake in hot
Not only can yeast breads and hot
breads be made with other flours than
white, but cakes made with rye and
graham flour are light, attractive and
delicious. Spices mask the strong
taste of the rye.
Boston Favorite Cake 2-3 c short
ening (Cottolene, Kream Krisp, oleo
margarine, drippings), 2 c sugar, 4
eggs, 1 c milk, 3 c flour (equal parts
graham and rye), tsp salt, 5 tsp bak
in powder. 1 tsp cinnamon, 1 tsp
cloves. Cream shortening, add sugar
gradually, eggs beaten until light,
then milk, and then flour mixed and
sifted with baking powder. This re
cipe makes two loaves. If flavor of
graham flour and rye is too prominent,
use a little more spice.
Coffee Cake Without Shortening.
3 eggs, 1 c sugar, lc molasses, 1 c
coffee, 2 tsp cinnamon. 1 tsp cloves, 1
tsp allspice, 1 tsp soda, 1 lb. raisins,
2i c rye flour, 2J c white flour. Mix
dry ingredients, add molasses, coffee
and beaten eggs and raisins.
Wrheat Bulk basis for No. 1 grade:
Hard White Bluestem, Early Bart,
Allen, Galgalus, Martin Amber, $2.05.
Soft White Palouse bluestem, forty
fold, white valley, Gold Coin, White
Russian, $2.03. White club Little
club, Jenkins club, white hybrids, So
nora, $2,01. Red Walla Red
Russian, red hybrids, Jones fife. Cop
pel, $1.98. No. 2 grade, 3c less. No.
3 grade 6c less. Other grades hanledd
Flour Patents, $10.
Millfeed Net mill prices, car lots:
Bran, $30 per ton; shorts, $32 per
ton; middlings, $39; mixed cars and
less than carloads, 50c more; rolled
barley, $63(?i;G5 rolled oats, $60.
Butter Cubes, extras, 50c; prime
firsts, 49c. Jobbing prices: Prints,
extras, 5253c; cartons, lc extra;
butterfat, No. 1, 5657c delivered.
Eggs Ranch, current receipts, 51c;
cnndled, 53c; selects, 55c per dozen.
Poultry Hens, 2323ic; springs,
26; broilers, 2930c; geese, 1618c;
turkeys, live, 20025c; dressed, choice,
Venl Fancy, 1818ic per pound.
Pork Fancy, 1919ic per pound.
Sack vegetnbles Carrots, $1.25 per
sack; beets, $1.501.75; turnips,
$1.50; parsnips, $1.501.75.
Potatoes Oregon Burbanks, $1
1.25 per hundred; Yakimas, $1.60;
sweet potatoes, 55ic per pound.
Onions Oregon, buying price, $1.75
Green Fruits Apples, $12.25;
pears, $2.25; cranberries, Eastern,
$17.50 per barrel.
January 23, 1918.
Med. to choice Bteers. . . .$10.35(5)11.00
Good to med. steers 9.3510.35
Com. to good steers 7.75 9.25
Choice cows and heifers. 7.75 8.50
Com. to good cows and hf 6.60 7.75
Cnnners 3.00 6.00
Bulls 5.00 7.60
Stockers and feeders. . . . 6.00 9.00
Primo light hogs $16.7516.00
Prime heavy hogs 15.7516.10
Western lambs $14.5015.00
Valley lamba 14.0014.50
Ewes 9. 60 10. 60
NORTHWEST HARKET REPORT