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About The Athena press. (Athena, Umatilla County, Or.) 18??-1942 | View Entire Issue (March 7, 1919)
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ATHENA. UMATILLA COUNTY. OREGON. FRIDAY. MARCH 7, 1919.
The deaths of Mrs. Nettle Buroker
occured Friday afternoon, February
28, after a long Illness from cancer,
at the home of her daughter, Mrs.
Lloyd Mlchner, In Portland. The body
was accompanied to Athena Friday
night, by Mr. and Mrs. Mlchner and
another daughter Mrs. Roy Burke.
The funeral was held Saturday after
noon at 2 o'clock In the Christian chu
rch, Pastor Burton conducting the ser
vices. Interment was in Athena cem
etery. Mrs. Buroker leaves besides her Im
mediate family, a large circle of frie
nds to mourn her loss. Prior to leav
ing for Portland about six months ago
Bhe had been active in Red Cross work
and was a faithful worker In the local
knitting circle, making many articles
of comfort for the soldiers. She was
of a particularly pleasing personality,
and was loved by all who knew her
Nettle J. Hume was born in Urbana,
Ohio, February 5th, 1868. Early in
life both her parents died, leaving
her an orphan without any known rel
atlvees. On ChrlBtmas day, 1889, she
was married to N. BuroW and they
moved to Walla Walla, wuere Mr. Bu
roker's relatives reside. From there
they came to Athena about eight ye
ars ago and had resided here until
going to Portland.
She leaves her husband and two
daughters, Alta Fay Mlchner and Ora
May Burke, both of whom now live in
Portland. The husband and daughters
have the sympathy of the community.
RESUME OF WORK OF
Thirtieth Assembly Adjourns
After Holding Over For
Making Rapid Progress
IN FAVOR OF ROAD BONDS
Approximately one-half the register
ed vote was polled in the special bond
election, Tuesday, and the bond issue
carried by an over whelming majority
throughout the country.
A total of 133 votes were cast in
the three Athena precincts, an even
hundred majority being given in fav
or of bonds. The vote follows:
Preoinct No. 18 for the bonds, 26;
against the bonds, 5.
Precinct N. 19 for the bonds, 36;
against the bonds, 16.
Precinct No. 20 For the bonds, 38;
WOMAN RETECTS SPY
Postal Censor Caught First One
Became Suspicious of Letter and Hun
Later Was Run
London. How the first German spy
In England after the outbreak or the
world war was detected through h .et
ter which fell Into the hands of a
'volutin postal censor litis Just Iwen
"I was suspicious of his letter when
I first saw It." she declared "The
writing was In lines half tin Inch spurt
I could discover nothing wrong, how
ever, until I noticed n peculiar little
mark, almost Indistinguishable, at the
bottom of a page. 1 could not explain
It. Experiment proved that It had
hecn made by Invisible ink. ?'lie vis
llile Writing was Innocent Jlj'If. but
the Invisible writing told move
ments trf ships and soldiers, or forti
flcctiodULfnr' docks. The letter wound
up wlfif : -Tomorrow Dublin.' To
Dublin the Hun went and his letter
from Ireland was further evidence of
his guilt. He was caught on arrival
in London and his execution followed."
According to government officials,
vjmen have hecn far quicker In spot
ting spies than men, many Instances
being recorded in which woman's In
tuition has led to experiments which
have produced startling results..,
Until recently the postal cense- em
ployed 3,800 women and 1.000 men.
They were fluent In 34 languages.
From Private to Maior
in 5 Months 21 Days
Rochdale. Mass. Rising from
the ranks to major In the army
In a period of five months and
twenty-one days was the remark
able achievement of J. H. Rog
ers, of thl town. Previous to
enlisting In the Coast Artillery
Rogers was treasurer of a knife
manufacturing company here.
Roads Receive Much Attention Pro
gram of Reconstruction Mapped Out
Lieutenant Governor Up to People
Broad Educational Program Pro
vided For House Kill State Mar
keting Commission Compulsory
Military Drill Falls.
Salem. The 30th assembly of the
state legislature completed its labors
after a session which extended five
days over the 40-day constitutional
period. By holding over a few days
the session closed without the cus
tomary midnight confusion and tur
moil during closing hours, with meas
ures being killed and passed while
many members were so tired out they
were unable to fully appreciate what
was going on.
Usually there is more or less criti
cism of a legislature after the session
closes, but the sentiment seems to be
that the 30th session has to its credit
achievements which surpass those of
any previous session in recent years.
Early in the session It appeared as
though the appropriations called for
by various measures would exceed the
6 per cent constitutional limitation,
but the ways and means committee-
held down appropriations and kept
within the limit. The committee re
ported adversely all save-really meri
torious salary measures, and mustered
enough votes to defeat those to which
it was opposed.
Numerous Road Measures Passed.
Road building legislation is covered
in several measures, most Important
of which is a $10,000,000 bonding en
actment. Another highway bill places
on the ballot at a special election on
June 3 a proposed $2,500,000 bonding
enactment for the construction of the
Roosevelt military highway along the
Oregon coast from the Columbia river
to the California line. This issue
would be contingent upon the appro
priation a like amount by the gov-
Besi'dW inserting in the ,$10,000,000
bond act' provisions insuring free and
open competition in highway con
structlon, the legislature also enacted
several separate measures striking at
the paving trust, and putting highway
construction upon a competitive basis.
Reconstruction Referred to People
While It was unable because of lack
of funds to pass a reconstruction pro
gram that would become effective im
mediately, it mapped out a comprehen
slve one, and referred It to the people
at the special election. The program
calls for the Issuance of $5,000,000 In
bondB, for reclamation of lands in
conjunction with the government; the
construction of public buildings and
land settlement Primarily the object
of the reconstruction program is to
aid returning soldiers, and secondar
ily, to unlock and develop the resour
ces of the state.
Another Important measure that
will be submitted to the people at the
special election and which Is consid
ered a part of the reconstruction pro
gram, is the bill of Senator Pierce
levying a mill tax for the construction
of market roads.
A considerable number of measures
tending to aid in the development of
the arid lands of the state, ami en
courage agriculture, dairying and
other industries were enacted.
Parole Officer Continued.
' Efforts to abolish the office of state
parole officer were defeated in the
senate an hour before adjournment,
when two bills by Senator Lafollett,
which were aimed at Parole Officer
Keller were killed by an overwhelming
The closing hours of the senate
were spent in debate ovfcr the pro
posed amendment creating a lieuten
ant governor, and the house joint reso
lution, submitting to the people at the
sp-ctal election in June the question
of creation of the office of lieutenant
governor was" passed. The resolution,
If accepted by the people, will enable
the governor to appoint his own suc
cessor. The legislature provided for the
broadest educational programme ever
accomplished in the state, and has
listed 20 measures which have mater
ially broadened in scope the results
of the session along that line.
Marketing Commission Killed.
Senator Huston's bill providing tor
creation of a state marketing commis
sion had short shriit when It came up
in the house for final passage. It died
under a thunder of ayes when the
motion was put to indefinitely post
pone. The house also made quick work of
Senator Dlmick's bill, prohibiting the
teaching of the German language In
the schools and with a yell indefinitely
The measure which provided for
physical and military drill in high
schools and the establishment of a
military training camp, met a similar
fate in the house.
Land Probe Authorized.
Provisions were made for a wide In
vestigation by the attorney-general of
conditions surrounding lauds alleged
to have been fraudulently secured
from the state, and the further pro
vision that suits may be prosecuted
to cover such lands, in event evidence
is found sufficient to lead the attorney-general
to believe he can be suc
cessful in reclaiming them for the
school fund. In addition the legisla
ture provided for a general reclassifi
cation of lands under the supervision
of the land board in order to better
meet land settlement developments.
Rural Interests Receive Recognition.
Agricultural and livestock interests
secured considerable recognition. The
lime plant Is kept going, a number of
bills were enacted having for their
purpose the betterment of livestock
and dairy herd breeding and powers
of inspection and condemnation are
Increased to prevent further infection
Many amendments to the irrigation
laws were passed. Eastern Oregon
counties were given the power to vote
on county questions under the initia
tive and in another bill an effort was
made to extend the initiative and ref
erendum to counties on local meas
ures, but doubts have been expressed
as to the constitutionality of this bill.
County officials generally received
salary boosts, probably in greater
number than at any preceding session.
The following Is a brief summary of
the Important measures passed:
Ten million dollar bond issue for
Proposal for 1 mill road tax to raise
Increased license tax on automo
biles will add an additional $400,000
to state's funds. Tax follows: For
motor vehicles up to and including
23 horsepower, $15; for motor vehicles
up to and including 26 horsepower,
$22; 30 horsepower, $28; 36 horse
power, $36; 40 horsepower, $48; in
excess of 40 horseoower, $56.
Definite policy of expenditure of $5,
000,000 for a comprehensive building
programme of. permanent improve
ments for the state and for -lie open
ing wedge toward an eventual gigan
tic scheme of land settlement, based
on the premise of aiding the soldier,
sailors and ma-ines first, but not to
overlook the private citizen.
The legislature definitely passed an
act providing for a land settlement
commission and appropriating $50,000
for that purpose. The $5,000,000 bond
issue that Is passed up to the people
will broaden the service to, be ren-
GAME TO PASS
lerod Cy the land settlement commis
As other aid to returning .soldiers
and sailors the legislature passed a
$100,000 emergency fund, for their
immediate relief, the money from this
fund to be loaned to the needy ones.
Out of this was also taken $5000 to be
used in New York for helping the men
landing there from overseas on their
way back to Oregon. The legislature
also will submit to the people for their
approval a proposal to provide state
aid to the soldiers who desire to re
ceive education, this provision to con
sist of $200. a year for four years to
the men whWtaalify under the act.
Some important changes were made
In educational llgtslation. A mini
mum wage of $75 a nonth was-provid-ed
for the teachers rjKthe state.
The state provides for vocational
education in connection"' .with the
schools. Educators consider tltis one
of the most important victories of the
session, despite the fact that the
measure invoked but little discussion
during the passage through the legis
lature. Provision was also made for
part-time schools, and in this was en
acted a provision raising the school
limit age from 16 to 18 years, another
change which has been fought by
Famous oleomargarine bill is hailed
as a victory by the dairying interests.
Provides for a license tax on the man
ufacturer, wholesaler and some of the
distributors of oleomargarine, but not
on the retailer.
One exceedingly important piece of
legislation was the passage of the bill
providing for a board of conciliation
and acbitration. Board, however, has
no inherent powers to force a settle
ment of labor disputes and muBt de
pend upon publicity attendant upon
Bill defining criminal syndicalism
covers a wide field In the effort to
suppress tendencies toward Bolshev
ism. The red flag was also made ta
boo In another act.
Labor won one of its biggest vic
tories this session by passage of the
Home bill, which legalizes labor un
ions and writes upon the statute books
of the state practically a replica of
(he Clayton amendment to the federal
Sherman antitrust law. This bill,
among other things, prevents the Issu
ance of Injunctions against strikes
'.hat are peaceably conducted.
Powers of board of health enlarged,
'.specially In the handling, of epidemic
conditions, and codifies the laws al
yttj in force.
A great sheaf of amendments to the
irrigation laws were passed, being
mainly detailed in their report.
INCOME TAX IS
A TRULY POPULAR.
A "The payment of Income taxes
takes on a new significance
which should be understood by w
every citizen. The taxation sys-
tent of this country Is truly pop-
ulnr, of the people, by the poo-
pic and for the people. Every
citizen Is liable to tax, and the
amount of the tax Is graduated
according to the success and for- w
tune attained by each Individual
In availing himself of the oppor-
tnnities created and preserved
by our free Institutions. The
method and degree of the titx Is
determined by no favored eliiss,
but by the representatives of Ihe
people. The proceeds of the tax
should bfl regarded as a national it
k Investment." Daniel 0, Itoper, it
Commissioner of internal iteve-
PUT IT OVER ON BARBERS
Tonsorlal Artists In Cleveland Suburb
Are Victims of Joke They
Do Not Relish.
Cleveland, O. Some one played a
Joke on the four barbers of Berea, a
suburb of Cleveland, a Joke they do
not relish, recently.
Haircuts went to 40 cents there re
cently and shaves to 20 cents. Then
posters appeared announcing that a
new shop would open which would
cut these prices to 30 and 15 cents.
The four old stands promptly an
nounced n cut to 25 and 10 cents, ef
fective the day of the opening of the
The day the new place was to have
opened two clothing dummies appear
ed In its window with a sign around
their necks : "We had lots of fun. Did
the other four?"
Prices are still 40 and 20 cents.
PEAK YEAR IN COAL MINES
Only a philosopher or a man with
Indigestion ran refrain from quarrel
ing with tbf cost of living.
The government owes Its soldier
boys a debt of gratitude, and Incident
ally some sums In ready cash.
272,373,714 Net Tons Estimated Pro
duction for 1918 in Penn
narrlsbtirg, Pa. Pennsylvania's
coal production during 1918 Is esti
mated at 272,373,741 net tons by offi
cials of the state department of mines.
It Is estimated that 110,514,334 tons
were anthracite and 172,859,380 tons
bituminous. The production In 1917
amounted to 271,519,710 tons.
The number of employees In the
anthracite region Is given as 147,868
and In the bituminous region 172,000,
The coke production was about 24,
000,000 net tons.
The number of fatal mining acci
dents during the year was 1,044, of
which 549 occurred In the anthruclte
mines and 495 In the bituminous. In
1917 there were 1.075 accidents.
About the only French phrase that
has got safely across the water to
this side, so far. Is "sny la gnlr."
Anyhow, the war taught the kings
a lesson. Some of them learned
enough to go In out of lite reign.
Cooties Come in Letters.
Wooster, O. The turuntula which
escapes from a bunch of bananas and
terrorises freight handlers or grocery
clerks Is going to have n rival In the
news columns If a recent Incident In
the post office here Is any indication.
A large, octlve and hungry cootie
was discovered on the wrist of a clerk
handling soldiers' mall from overseas.
It apparently bad escaped from one of
An admirer of Olo Hanson, Seattle's
internationally famous mayor, hands
the Press the following for publica
tion: And it came to pass that the city
of Seattle which is by the Sound cal
led Puget, waxed strong and flourish
ed as a green bay tree, and the in
habitants thereof grew and the city
became mighty because of its people.
And many, ships were builded within
the gates of the city, even ships for
And behold, there came to the city
many workmen tofashton the ships
because of the great need of them.
And there came also a few men cal
Id "radicals" who sought to set the
workmen against their employers, and
against the government and the chos
en rulerB therof.
And much mischief was done by
the radicals who inflamed the work
men Bayiny, "Ye are poorly paid, why
will ye toil with your hands for so
palthy a recompense. Harken unto
us, refuse to labor until your employ
ers increase your stipend."
And many of the laborers heard the
injunction of the radicals and wot not
that the radicals devised to overthrow
the government and Us rulers and do
violence to all in authority. And many
more did hear the radicals and devin-
ed their hidden purpose, but feared
to raise their voices against them least
they be dealt with harshly.
And after many days it came to pass
on at fixed date radicals compelled
all who worked with their hands to
cease from their labors, and refuse to
And all the people were seized with
a great fear because the carB ran not
through the streets, neither did the
jitney pursue its course and many
threats of violence were heard, and
much inconvenience was fastened up
on the Inhabitants.
Now Ole of the Tribe of Hanson
Norseman, .was the ruler of the city.
ftnd when he saw the evil which was
being wrought to all the people and
the defiance of the radicals of author
ity, he was very wroth with righteous
indignation for he knew that great
harm was being 'done to the laborer
as well as to the employer.
And he arose and girded up his loins
and smote his breast and called for his
Chief of Police, one Joel F. Warren,
a mighty man of valor, whose stature
was very great, and who feared no
man. And the ruler, even Ole, said
unto the Chief, "Canst thou with thy
valient band provide full protection
for these, my people who suffer, for I
will issun edict directing business
to be resumed as usual at 8 a. m. on
Then the chief, raising himself to
his full height, which is head and
shoulders above other men, anBwered
the ruler saying, "Verily 'rsvlth my
men am fully prepared to offer the ful
lest protection to all the people ag
ainst our common enemy, and should
any there be who openly defy the
authority or seek todoBtroy property
or life, I will drive them before mo
until their hats float over them In the
waters of the Sound."
And Ole the ruler was -much pleas
ed for he knew It was even as the
Chief had said.
AndOle called In a scribe and caus
ed a parchment to bewrltten reassur
ing all the people even the laborers
and he denounced the radicals as "rev
olutionists,'' "reds," "bolshevists,"
'enemies of the government." And bo
tore from the radlttys their mask,
which had hidden them.
And all the people heard their ru
ler and took heart, and they said,
"Surely God Is good that such a Just
and fearless man is our ruler," and the
name of Ole Hanson was mighty thro
ughout the length and breadth of
the land. And his people loved him
and alsohls Chief for the salvation
which they vouchsafed, not only to
the people of Seattle, but the whole
And the deeds of Ole became an
example for the rulers of other cities
of the land.
Sterling Parrls, who had bis knee
Injured In the gear of a feed chopper
last week, is getting along nicely. W
would advise Sterling to carry hi
knee In his pocket hereafter, while
running the chopper, and thus avoid
a repltlon of the accident.
DIED AT CAPITAL
James Withycombe, Governor of
Oregon, died at Salem Monday night
after a long illness.
He was born in England, at Tavis
tock, March 21, 1864, and lived there
until he was 17 years of age, when he
came to America. He was educated
in the public schools of England and
by private tutors. In 1876. four years
after he came from England, the young
fatmer married Isabel Carpenter, of
Farmington, Or. Three sons and one
daughter were born to them and one
of the eons enlisted in the service
of his country soon after the outbreak
of the war.
Following his successful breeding of
livestock cattle, horses and sheep
which brought him prominence as one
of the progressive farmers of Oregon,
the future governor entered the ser
vice of the state in 1889 as state vet
erinarian. He served until 1898, when
he became director of the Oregon ex
periment station at the Agricultural
college. In 1914 he was first elected
governor of Oregon. gjj
James Withycombe . Was Oregon's''
war governor. In the proud record of
the wepfoot state, which was first
or among the first over the top in
volunteer enlistments, money contrib
utions and bond buying campaigns
throughout the 19 months of warfare
his was the guiding hand. It was on
his record as war governor that he was
re-elected without difficulty by Oregon
tepublicans in the 1918 elections.
As farmer, educator, breeder of Im
proved livestock and state veterinarian
for nine years, and director of tne
state experiment station Mr. Withy
combe made a name for himself in the
affairs of his chosen state for more
than 40 years before he was made its
The honorary degree of maBter of
agriculture was conferred upon Mr.
Withycombe while he was director at
Oregon Agricultural college. At var
ious times he acted us trustee of the
Oregon academy of science, secretary
of the Pacific Woolgrowers' associa
tion and president of the; Northwest
Stock Breeders' association. He was
chairman of the republican county
central committee of Washington
county for two years and was a mem
ber of several fraternities and frater
With the death of Governor Withy
combe, Ben Olcott, secretary of state,
automatically succeeds to the gover
norship. Mr. Olcott was a candidate
for the office of governor In the repub
MUSICAL UNO LITERARY
ENTERTAINMENT ON 14TH
Following is the program to be
given in the auditorium of the Chris
tian church on Friday evening, March
14, the program to begin at 8 o clock.
The entertainment is presented by
Private G. C. Sutton, baritone, Mrs.
G. C. Sutton, soprano, and Miss Hazel
Burton. pianist An additional at
traction has been secured in the assist
ance of Miss Besse Munselle, reader
supported by Miss Ruth Shangle, at
Ihe piano. Mish Munselle is a grad
uate of Columbia College, and a stu
dent of Whitman Miss Shangle is
one of Milton's most prominent mus
Where My Caravan Has Bested
Mr. and Mrs. Sutton.
A May Morning, - L. Denza
Reading, - The Sweet Girl Graduate
(a) Oh, Heart of Mine, -
- T. B. Galloway
(b) The Fate of the Flimflam, -
Mr. Sutton. ,,y
(a) Rustle of Spring,
- - Christian Binding
(o) The Chase - Rheinberger
(a) The Wren - Liza Lehman
(Iff. The Woodpigeon Liza Lehman
' ' Mrs.'Sutton.
The Lost Chorj) - Sullivan
Reading, - - The Lsst Hymn
(al Oh, Dry Those Tears.
Teresa Del Riego
Mb) Springtide - - Becker
Mrs. Sutton. ' ,
One Fleeting Hour. - Dorothy Lee
Reminiscenscs from Ihe S. P. D,
Army Jokes and Songs
Mr. and Mrs. Sutton.
Adults 85c. Children, 15c.
Tickets will be on sale at Stephens'
Grocery from Wednesday, March IS
until Friday the 14th.
Sum Hutt had his truck In service
nesday, transporting the house-
effects of Bert Klrby from Adam:
.k A lk