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About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (June 3, 1914)
I 111 IIIM III I I I"
In Address at Commonwealth Conference State En
gineer John H. Lewis Discusses irrigation De
velopment, Pointing Out The Advantages
of State Aid and National Co-operation
At tho Commonwealth Conference
' hold nt Hugcno Inst week State Engl
necr John II. Lewis delivered on nd
drops dealing with tho development
of Oregon's resources, from which
tho following paragraphs nro extrud
ed: "It Is generally agreed that largo
Fcalo Irrigation dorelopmcnt cannot
ho had through tho agency of private
"This fact Is recognized by other
countries. Australia has provided a
system of stato aid to prom&to Irri
gation development. A cash-payment
of only 3 per cent Is required at tho
outset and 31 H years with Interest
nt A per cent. Is allowed In whtoh
to completo payments. Thus 6 per
cent, of tho original cost paid nnnu
nlly will in such time pay both prin
cipal and Interest. Houses nro inillt
for settlers on a. cash payment of
nbout one-fourth tho cost, payment
of the remainder mny ho extended
over 20 years with C per cent. Inter
est, and similar aid Is also given in
the purchase of live stock, and farm
"WWio Australia and .now zcatnna
have led In the movement to aid set
tlers, their example is now being fol
lowed In other developing countries
South Africa has adopted It, and tho
newspapors royort that Hntisii
Columbia Intends to adont It.
"With such competition from other
countries, we should not be surprised
If fancy colored literature falls to at
tract settlers to Irrigated lands tn
Oregon. Wo must eventually make
pome change In our present policies.
The building or vast engineering
structures Is only one-half the prob
lem. It requires an equal amount
t money as a rule to build houses,
fences, and make other necessary Im
provements to bring the land to Its
maximum state of production.
"We aro confronted with somewhat
similar conditions with regard to
water power development, in Ore
gon, we havo over 3.000,000 horse
power going to waste. Instead of
trying to encourago Its development
and use, and the sale of electric ener
gy at the lowest possfble cost to the
consumers, wo havo imposed obsta
cles which unquestionably tend to
drive private capital to other states
"Doth Oregon and the United
States Impose special annua charges
on each horsepower to be developed
In the future and which charge is
not required of those companies now
operating. Tho Oregon chrrgo is
b somewhat Indefinite end varies from
25 cents to $2 per horse power year.
The state also limits franchises to
40 years with 'a proferenco right of
renewal, but for power projects un
der the control of the United States,
only an Indefinite grant can be se
cured which Is revocable at will by
"Consorvatl. n Is supposed to mean
rlcht use. The imposition of heavy
annual chr.rges ou those who uso hy
droelectric power seems to bo in di
rect conflict with the theory of con
servation. The charge Is inevitab
ly passed along to the consumer, who
in addition to his regular taxes must
pry the public a special license
through incrorced rote for tho priv
ilege of using b resource which !s
largely going to waste.
"We havo In tho Columbir river
br.sln approximately c no-third of all
the undeveloped water power in tho
United States. Would not the de
velopment of this power with Its In
direct afd to navlgcion and irriga
tion be of far more vrlue than any
policy of direct revenue? Tho In
crease of taxable wealth with conse
quent reduction In toxes and ln eai
ed opportunities for labor should not
"Cheap money is essential to rapid
development. At, the lastTscselon of
the Legislature, a conctitutlonr.l
amendment was submitted for vote
of the people, which provides for
loaning the state's credit to the ex
tent of two per cent of the ascessed
valuation, for the construction of Irri
gation and powor projects, and for
developing the untitled lands of the
state. We will be called unon to
vote upon this amendment at the
general election In November of this
year. In this connection it may be
of Interestfto note that six of the
eight candidates for tho office of
Governor who answered the ques
tions recently propounded by the
Oregonlan, favored loaning the
state's credit for irrigation, ono was
opposed, and one was non-committal.
Safety of Investment Is the proper
consideration. If the people can b
assured that the money will be Wisely
expended, and ultimately returned
with Interest, I am unable to think of
any class who could oppose the plan.
We have only 7 people to the square
mile as compared with 508 for the
state of Rhode Island, and it Is ap
parent to all that some new plan of
financing these vast enterprises
which are so important to the fu
ture prosperity of our stato, must be
devised. With our conditions and
problems peculiar to the West, we
can hardly expect Congress to pro
vide sufficient funds to accomplish
much, unless we who are familiar
with Western conditions are willing
to divide the risk and share some of
"If this constitutional amendment
is approved, we will be in a position
to co-operate with the United States
In Its endeavor to develop our state.
, To hasten tho improvement of our
water ways, we havo Joined hands
with the United States and the same
plan should work as to other devel
"If the superior credit of tho Unit
ed States- could be loaned for this
coopcrattvo work, tho Interest rnto
could still further bo reduced. In
stead of Boiling sny $10,000,000 of
stnto bonds bearing 4 per cent, in
terest nnd an equal amount of Fed
eral bondn nt 3 per cent, tho ontlro
$20,000,000 of Federal bonds could
be Issued nnd sold nt 3 per cent In
terest rate, and tho United States
secure Itself for ono-hnlf tho amount I
by retaining tho stato bonds In Its
vaults without sale. It fifty years
could bo allowed tho farmer for pay
ing bhtk the principal this saving of
ono per cent would In such time nt
compound Interest, fully wlpo out tho
original Indebtedness. Tho small
payment of only 4 per cent annually
would thua pay both principal and
Toadies, tho Skuso Hardwaro Com
pany have a completo now Hue of
white enamel ware. Adv.
Got WIbo. Let Wyso do It. Adv.
A Yow hours at a nlco classy, clean,
up-to-dato placo especially prepared
for gentlemen, will remove all worry
and troubles, Tho Metropolltan.-Adv
Lot Wyso do your cleaning. Adv,
I WILL FURNISH
for planting for
it half interest
in the crop.
Hartwig. JMHIican, Ore.
tiih nKNi nvi.iiimx, ikni, ohk., vkini:hoay, jvnk n, ion.
8I0XS FOlt HATiW.
"Kor Item," "For Knte," "Hooiun
to litt", "IloiiBckcvpliiK lt(H)tii," "No
AOinlttniiuV. "No Hinoklnit" ctt
etc., l'lnnml minted In laijjo tym
on heavy lirlMnf board, in cents oik-It,
leea In nuiuitltlco. lliillotlu Oftlcc. 12tf
Lawn mower, garden I1080, whtol
Imrrows. Skuso llnrdwnru Com
DIIV AND BTKAM CLHANINO
HU1TS MADK TO OltDKIt
Next Door to Vienna Hotel
with the awcltcr
hot range. Get on oil stovo thic summer and do jour
kitchen work in comfort. Tho
OIL COOK STOVe
docs all that any wood or coal stovo will do. It hakes, broil,
roosts nnd toasts perfectly. The long chimneys conccntrato
tho heat just under tho utensils. It Is not wasted or thrown
out into the room. Tho New
smell; doesn't taint the
clean, cheap fuel. Think
wood to lug; no ashes
your dealer for tho
FOR ". (California)
BEST RESULTS H
USE PEARL OIL
Reduction in Prices
of MAZDA Lamps
25 watt lamps 40c
40 watt lamps 40c
60 watt lamps 50c
. 00 watt lamps .... 80c
MM Wvaier OgBt & Power Co.
1IKAL KHTATH TltANflKlillH.
(lusiu'd by Crook County Abstract
W. M. Tandfl to J. 11. llntnngartnor
ot nl Hint It. S, bllt, 17, Wloaturln.
Matt Olnrk to Alworth'WaHhburn
Co. SV 33.12-10, $200,
Snino to Bnmo WMi NW, NW BV
lOdwnrd J. Hush to Samo SW 33-13-10,
Article Incorporation Central Ore
gon 1'lro Patrol Association, lluud.
"lluntl Compnuy to Cascade Ilonlty
Co. Its, 8, 12, blk. 4. Cascade.
Samo to Anton llatda It, 4, title. 17
Park Add, Mend.
Samo to Samo It. 0, blk 10, Park
Houd Company tn Irving H. Snoll,
It. 10, blk. 30; 7, 8, l-3,; 1, 8, 0,
If., 10-30; 1. S. I), 10-44! S, 14-G2;
1, 7, S, 14-R3. Center Add, Houd,
Tumnlo Project contracts from
tho Stato to tho following persons
havo been tiled: Vernon A. Furbos,
SK NW 2-17-1 1: William Drown, 810
SW S-1C-13: J. II. Minor NB BH. 32.
1G-11; It. II. liny ley NW NK 3 CIO.
11; Wm. Q. Phoonlx NK 8B 7-1 6-1 2;
Cook in a
good otl etovo will do awny
and discomfort of a hinting
rerfectton docsn t smoke or
food. It hums kerosene, tho
of the comfort no coul or
to dirty tho kitchen. Ask
10. It, Post HV BW 17.10-12; Jons
HnwulhorK, (2) 8NVNW, NWNW 27-10-11;
It. U. Fllcklngor H10 NIO, 111
1013; Jno T. Pnrk HI? HIO 2D.lti-13i
P. H. MoNiItt (4) NW 8V HV NW
3d, NH HW, HI8 NH 37-10-11; W. W.
Long NW NW 7-10.12; A. J. llitrtor
(2) BW NH, Hl'J NW 24-10-11; liar
vnnl Bullion; (4) NW NW, HW NW,
NH, NW, HW NW 10.10-121 Albort
llarpor (4) 8W NK, NW NH, NH
NW, 8H NW 8-1(1-13; Orovor (I,
Gorklng (R) 813 HW, NH 8W, NW
SIC, HW HK, 8W 8H, 8H 8H 7-10-12:
Dan It. Smith NH NW 23.1011;
Chns. J. Mock (T.) HW NH, HK NH,
NH NH, NW NH 35-10-11, NW NH
Houd Pnrk Co. to Agnes Ilrnnon
The Miller Lumber Company
Wenandy Livery & Auto Co.
NEW AUTO TRUCKS
Will bo put on between Hcnd and Silver Lako April 1.
BEND-LA PINE 2.o0
BEND-FOHT KOCK S4.G0
BEND-SILVEH LAKE.. SG.00
will bo chnrRcd on nil Express nnd Hokkorc.
OKEaON-WASMINflTON RAILROAD & NAVIGATION CO.
Mill ncll Itounil Trip Tlrkrt nt itrvnt
ly ratiirci! farm for Ilio Nth nutiiml
OX HAI.K IIAII.Y, Jl'Ni: 7.11.
I-'IXAL ItltTl'ltX LIMIT, Jl'XK Ifl.
.Mitko your jiIuiik now to titleiul
l'ortltiiiil'it nniimil frnut of nc.
For full iMirtlculnrN, fnrcx,
M-lirdulcM, etc., iikk
J. II. COItnKTT, AkciiI 0,.V, It. & X.
Juno 7 to 11
((iiffisj 1 IKi iillR IKIINn KY 4 1
Portland Rose Festival
Four Days of Dazzling Attractions June 0-12
OTII MAUIXi: lUOKAXT,
COIIOXATIOX. It O H K
HI lOW. .MIi-ITAUY DIH.
10T1I VI, O It A L I'AIIADKH.
VAL. 1IANII CONTKHTH.
Limit June 15. Details on application to
J. H. CORBETT, Bend, Oregon
See Clatsop Beach on the Oregon Coast, one-day side
trip, from Portland.
It, 3 blk. On, llonil Pnrk.
Kenwood Promotion Co. to l.llllnn
,1. Cnlilwoll It, 1 u 4 It. 2, blk. 14,
Tho llutul Co. to Potor W. lirown
It. D, lilk 11, Hum).
First got tho iiuiiu down pal
then Inly It of your druggist, .lust lliu
very limit thing for uotiHtlpiitlon, slclc
lumtlnolio, Hour iitninnoli, limy llvur,
sluggish, cotmtltutml bowels. Tho
plunnaiitesl, miri'Nt, hlcciit, tnxatlvo
you over used. Tunica good lllto
Iniiioniuln. Acta promptly, without
pain or iiimiboii. (lives you tho most
nnllHfjictory Hushing you httvo uvor
lititl. Ailv. Patterson Drug Co,
CENTRAL OREGON LINE
11T1I HUMAN ItOHimUI)
IAIIAI)i:. NATIONAL HA.
LOON ItAOK. OIOCAT
12TH OAVLIOHT I'AOKANT.
OAL I'AIIADK AT NKJIIT,