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About Washington County hatchet. (Forest Grove, Or.) 1897-1??? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 4, 1898)
TH E HATCHET.
C a te r e d a t th e p o a t-o A c e a t F o rçâ t C r o c e , O r. aa
•e c o a d -c la a a m a il m atter.
W l d l TO SU B «'R IM E S.
P o sta g e F re e .
■ • y a a r ......................................................................1« 5»
M i a o a l h i . ...............................................................
T h r e e m o n th a ..........................................................
In A d r a n c e .
K a ta b lis h e d fo r t h e d ia a em in a tio n o f W a sh ln g -
t o a c o u n ty n ew a, th e d e r a t io n o f h u m a n ity an d
m o n e y w e ca n m a k e.
I t e m ! o f g e n e ra l in te re a t g r a te fu lly re c e iv e d .
K d lt o r 'i h o b b ie i a n d o p in io n ! on t h i! p a g e , a ll
reat facta— im p a rtia l a n d u n co lo red .
I f you ta il to receive yo u r p a p e r it w ill
be a favor if you w ill n o tify us a t once.
A U S T IN C R A IG . E d i t o r a n d P b o p b i e t o b .
C o u n t y O f f ic ia l P a p e r .
ea d a b l e
A U G U ST 4 . i«9»-
OUE PACIFIC COANT, THE FUTURE
COMMERCIAL RIVAL OF ASIA.
T h e greatest events in history
are those which are the m ost proli
fic and propitious to the laborious
stru g g le of hum anity to better its
condition in the advancem ent of
civilization. T he bold enterprise
of a nation which bares its arm s to
perils and hardships in behalf of
liberty for the oppressed deserves
n o t only the glory w hich crow ns
such m ilitary achievem ents, bu t all
th e com m ercial fruits th a t can l>e
gathered from such a m oral con
quest are the legitim ate trophies of
Such a nation is m orally bound
to hold the title to all such states
and franchises as it m ay rightfully
acquire in tru st a t least for the pos
terity of the people who under the
providences of G od poured forth
their blood and treasure like rivers
to enrich the ea rth w ith liberty,
law aud intelligence th at it may
become the fit dw elling-place for
h um anity, aw akened by a glorious
im pulse to m ake every root, every
blade, every stem and every bough
produce food, raim ent and re m u n
T hese m ultifarious
blessings a te the sym bols of G o d ’s
providences and constitute the
heralds of a system of civilization
under w hich every m an m ay be a
k ing and high priest, his ow n law
giver and ruler.
The potent events which may
What diplomatic wizard dare
advocate the surrender of soil
stained by the blood of our sons
slain in the cause of humanity and
liberty? What traitor with sac
rilegious hands dare haul down
Old Glory once hoisted to the
breeze over the Philippine archi
pelago which at best is only a part
of our just indemnity for the gold
expended in a war provoked by the
Spanish slaughter of American
sailors and citizens in time of
statesmen at Washington, may at station as the price of our cowardly
tempt to show how this nation can abandonment of the sacred trust as
honorably abandon eight millions sumed and re-assumed at every
already step iu our conflict with Spain and
of people who have
sought refuge under the folds of in the light of all the stars on
our flag, and with complacecy wit our flag whose stripes now stream
ness their re-enslavement under a defiance to every enemy of liberty
black Spanish system of autonomy throughout the world?
whitewashed for the occasion, but
the friends of liberty in this repnb- EX-SENATOR MITCHELL ON THE
FUTURE OF THE PH1LLIPINES.
lie will spurn such dishonor in
tones of thunder and at the can i In my ju d g m en t th e questions
non’s mouth, as they did the crafty now confronting the general go v
as well as subtle system of autonom y incu- ernm ent, and which involve to a
the slain of battle? W hat cold bated at W ashington to deceive very large e x ten t th e future terri
blooded politician dare pose as ' the Cubans strugglin g for liberty. torial, com m ercial and foreign pol
leader of th e A m erican
Give the whole Philippine arc h i icy of the United States, are more
people under a w hite flag headed pelago a ju s t m ilitary governm ent im portant than any w ith which,
for the .Spanish cam p in the sight adm inistered under acts of congress at any tim e in the past, the g overn
of our arm y, navy and Old Glory? and as fast as each of th e four h u n . m ent has been compelled to g rap
Let no political dem agogue de- j dred islands shall establish free ple, not excepting those evolved
ceive him self into any attem pt to schools and m aster o ur language by the w ar of the rebellion.
defeat th is republic in its purpose then enable them to organize te rri
T he question, m oreover, as to
to m ake the Pacific coast the rival torial governm ents, u n d er congres- how the general governm ent shall
of Asia as it has m ade the A tlantic ; sional legulations, republican in deal with foreign territo ry recently
seaboard the rival of Europe in the form. T his nation will have ful acquired by
for commercial filled the spirit of its m ission as set courage, the m ilitary and naval
forth in its declaration of war w ith skill and prowess of th e Am erican
T he products of this coast, its Spain when this has been accom arm y and navy in o ur w ar with
great forests, m agnificent in their plished, and not until then. T h e Spain, is one, no m atter how deter-
prim eval grandeur, its m anufactu United States having once under- ! m ined by the adm inistration in
red tim ber, lum ber and other fab taken the deliverance of a people power, th at will be m et from cer
rics, will build a hundred A m eri cannot abandon them to the tender j tain classes w ith unsparing, and
can cities in our A siatic colonies mercies ofcom m ercial governm ents. perhaps m erciless criticism . T he
with a m ighty m etropolis on the is
T h e decisive battle w ith Spain adm inistration,
land of Luzon w hich will rival in the Philippines was fought by whom th e great responsibility of
H ong K ong as an A m erican depot Dewey and his heroes. It now re- determ ining this im portant ques
for our sur plus products and sup- j m ajns to be seeu w beth er politi- tion is throw n, ju stly m erits the
plies, creating an A m erican trade eians will attem p t to circum vent patien t, considerate sy m p ath y of
in Asia am ounting to hundreds of God and this nation by a species of all, as we are bound to believe that
m illions of dollars each year, as u n diplom acy which shall blast th e w hatever is ultim ately done will be
ham pered and unobstructed as the hopes of eight m illions of people prom pted by m otives of the highest
traffic betw een our other states and and th w art the unm istakable p u r patriotism and will be th e result
territories, under com m ercial re g u poses of God to m ake the islands of of the best ju d g em en t of the pres
lations stim ulating industry and the sea an inheritance for his re ident
his advisers, aud
enterprise in the four hundred in generated sons and d au g h ters b ap done only after the m ost careful
habited islands of the archipelago. tized in the flood of lig h t which has and thorough consideration. And
T he differentiation of our trade will illum inated the pathw ay of this it is also tru e th at w hat seems to
reach every island of our republic nation from P lym outh Rock to me, or to you, in o u r capacity of
through our great com m ercial clear Manila Bay.
private citizens, the proper course
ing house on the island of Luzon.
Politicians m ust rem em ber th a t to be pursneu, m ight present itself
T he Philippine archipelago is ours the same power which creates the to us in an entirely different aspect,
by the decree of the highest court lurid clouds th at breed the torna- were we in a public position,
on earth, the court to w hich Spain does and the w hirlw inds m ay also clothed w ith the enorm ous respon-
appealed, and shall we not hold our store up portentious storm s in the Ability o f definiug a policy of such
jew els in Asia, won on the b attle heart of this people w hich will s h ip - ! infinite im portance for the govern-
field, th a t our people may grow in wreck the hopes of office-seeking | m ent and preg n an t w ith such tre-
w ealth, influence and intelligence m ariners who m ay attem p t to steer m endous and far-reaching results.
until they equal the splendor of the our ships counter to th e D ivine
Personally, however, w hatever
G recian colonies? Shall we not compass which will alw ays be fouud may have been the cause or causes
strive to m ake them our pride and in the arm ory of H eaven till the which led to the war, or w hatever
glory? Can we do so by su rre n d er Pacific shall drive back our shore m ay have been the declaration of
ing them to Spanish spoliation?
and the A tlantic subm erge this our governm ent in the beginning
A m utual Interdependence will continent. A nation w hich selects as to the purpose of the war, I am,
cultivate a loyalty to our flag and a m odern diplom at will m eet sh ip w ith th e lig h ts before me, most
governm ent. Patriotism and in tel wreck upon the breakers . and unqualifiedly of the opinion that.
ligence will grow w ith our com the sands. B ut ju stice and liberty if d u rin g the progress of such war,
m unity of interests and w hen the are pilots who are not afraid to the Americon flag is th ro u g h the
hour of peril m ay come th eir peo take the whole crew into their c o n - ; sm oke and fire of b attle hoisted by
ple, like S p artas, will be borne fidence. T hey have never lost a (our triu m p h an t arm y an d navy on
from the field on their shields u n ship. But they know the H and any foreign soil of S pain, then
th at holds the w inds and the such flag should never, under any
der Old Glory.
Our language taught and spoken storm s.
circum stances or for any considera
will soon enable that people to
T he civilization of th e P h ilip tion w hatever, be tak en down.
master a knowledge of our laws pines m ust be reconstructed upon
Should o u r nation before the
throughout our colonies. The the n atu ra l and inalienable rig h ts ; cessation of hostilities capture Ca-
“ W h a t e v e r may
w h ic h
l e d t o t h e w a r , or w h a t e v e r m ay h a v e been
DECLARATION OF OUR GOVERNM ENT IN T H E BEGINNING
AS TO T H E PURPOSE OF T H E WAR, I AM, W ITH T H E
LIG H T S
MOST UNQUALIFIEDLY OF T H E
O PINION T H A T , I F DURING T H E PROGRESS O F SUCH W AR,
t h e A m e r ic a n f l a g is t h r o u g h t h e s m o k e a n d
F IR E OF BATTLE H OISTED BY OUR TRIU M PH A N T ARMY
AND NAVY OH ANY FO REIG N SOIL OF S P A IN , T H E N
SUCH FLAG SHOULD NEVER, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES,
OR FOR ANY CONSIDERATION W H A TEV ER , BE TAKEN
DOWN.— E x - S e n a t o r J o h n H. M i t c h e l l .
n atu rally flow to us by m aintaining the su rrender back to Spain,
our sovereignty over every Spanish any other pow er, either whole
island in every sea, w hether At- m part, of th e Philippine
lantic or Pacific, w here th e valor R apidly succeeding events in the
of our arm y and navy has, d u rin g last few m onths have blazed the
the war, planted the A m erican flag way for us w ith unm istakable cer-
But, in addition to all this, are tain ity to a national destiny higher
n o t the natives of the P hilippines grander, greater and m ore invinci-
as m uch entitled to
protection We than th at ever attained, either
ag ain stth e barbarities of the Span- by this or any other nation, on the
ish people, and the oppression o f ! face ° f the earth . I t would not be
the Spanish governm ent, as are the f well, therefore, to close o ur eyes to
! this great national o p portunity,
reconcentrados of Cuba?
T h e trade benefits and commer- I and th u s perm it o u r ship o f state to
cial advantages which will accrue | become becalm ed in th e sluggish
to th is country, especially to th e i seas of inanition.
A s one citizen of Oregon, I sin
Pacific states, by m aintaining the
regret to learn from recent
A m erican flag in th e Philippines
th at th e policy I
are w ithout stopping to specify— ]
which I believe
sim ply im m easureable. T o secure
these benefits, which are of such
incalculable value, th e people of
this coast should, irrespective o t '
p arty, ex e rt every effort in th eir , of the U m ted S ta te s~
power to aid in nerving the execu CONGRESSAMN tongue on t h e
tive and his advisors to regard this
great question, of such infinite im
A nsw ering th e question, “ should
portance to th e U nited S tates, and
U nited S tates control th e P h il
especially to the people of this
ippines?’’ P erm it me to say briefly
coast, as we see it.
b u t em phatically, yes, for th e fol
T h a t the m oney pow er of the
low ing am ong o th er reasons:
E ast, fearing th e retention o f the
F irst— T h e rapidly increasing e x
island would result in foreign com
ports of the U nited States to E a st
plications, does not tak e th is view
ern Asia and islands in th e vicinity
of the question, and is ex ertin g all
of it, du rin g th e past few years,
its m ighty influence to in d u ce th e
and the prospect for m uch greater
president to relinquish the P h ili
increase in th e future, m ake it
ppines, there can be no doubt, and
absolutely necessary to the welfare
there is great reason to fear the a d
of the Pacific states th at we should
m inistration will com prom ise by
have a good, safe naval station in
th e retention sim ply of a coaling
th a t portion o f the w orld. If we
station or tw o in th e w aters of the
let slip th e .present opportunity it
m ay never retu rn . A m istake now
T h e unexpected has happened would be fatal and probably irre
d u rin g the sh o rt progress of this trievable. T h e e x ten t of our com-
w ar; this is, th e occupation by th e ¡ _________ . ,
arm y and navy of the P h ilip p in es,1
” “ ot * ? ePea<f llPon
and the u n fu rlin g of th e A m erican
To ProPerly con-
trol th e h arbor of M anila we should
flag at and near, if n o t directly control Luzon, upon w hich M anila
over, th e g reat O riental trade cen is situate. No peace should be con
ter— M anila.
And this circu m cluded th at does not provide for
stance, as a direct and leg itim ate o ur retention o f this.
result of th e w ar, is so p regnant
Second— W hile the retention of
w ith benefits, so frau g h t w ith i .. _
. . . .
. . . . ,
¡tü e rem aining islands is not so
ab u n d an t fru its w hich tend so | .
transform the slaves of priests and
kings into social, moral, intellect
ual and accountable beings, the
absolute sovereigns of independent
important, it is important that they
strongly to enlarge and vitalize should not fall into the hands of
thought and action, are now pass
American trade, broaden the field any nation that can by any possi
ing into the history of the world.
American commerce and individ
The great victory which God be
bility become our enemies, and use
enterprise, and widen the do them to our disadvantage.
queathed through Dewey to the
of humanity as the source of its diz, Barcelona or any other Spanish main of American civilization, that
American people will, if not sur
Third—We began this war in
strength, its prosperity and its en seaport, situated in Spain proper, it seems to me it would be little
rendered, establish not only reg-
interest of humanity, to compel
qlatcd liberty but a civilization language, the language of liberty durance. It is not half so neces and there unfurl the American flag, less than a national crime, under Spain to relinquish her tyrannical
which will in its development and law, the language which is sary to have a settlement with I might regard the question as to the present circumstances, to ne and inhuman control over a people
establish laws, institutions and determined to be spoken through Spain as it is to have a right settle that particular place or those par glect to garner them, or to permit that of right ought to be free. In
principles nuder which the down out the whole earth and which is ment. Peace regardless of justice ticular places, as somewhat differ them in a treaty of peace or other the interest of justice, humanity
now the court language of every or equity to her colonies will be a ent in settling terms in a treaty wise to be frittered away. Such
trodden may become the common
and civilization we ought to refuse
nation in the world.
treacherous sleep whose waking of peace.
But, had I my way, an opportunity to add to the na
beneficiaries of those laws, institu
The Divine Presence in the from the lap of that Spanish Deli I should never consent that on tional force a vital element of to permit Spain to re-establish its
tions and principles which have
Philippines is witnessed by the un lah will be worse than blindness, it any terms whatever the Amer strength of such incomparable destructive and tyrannical power
made this a wise and happy nation.
over the inhabitants of the Philip
Will this nation have the wisdom paralleled victory and success of will be death among inhuman foes. ican colors should be haulad power, and whose influences will pine islands.
our arms. The conjun.tion of per
It is always safe to be right. down; or American sovereignty be tell so suddenly and so decisively
and courage to seize hold of the
T homas H . T o n g u e .
sons and events seem providential, The b u sig tiio t this guverument is withdrawn from the Philippine is in the advancement of American
mighty events which are to change
so much to seek peace as to lands. This should be the policy, interests, and in the development
ibe m ap ot the world as the result that such a soldier, SMtorawt
Congressman Tongue Saturday
iner should have stood waiting all seek out the causes which will re- in my judgment, irrespective of of American civilization, and in ad
of our war with that Spanish
telegraphed to President McKin
thes« years to sink a whole fleet in suit in an everlasting peace be- any question of commercial benefits ding lnster to our national prestige
dynasty which sacrificed millions
ley: “ Unanimous sentiment of
of lives to establish universal em single battle with an insoleut and tween this nation, Spain and the trade considerations, or naval ad- both at home and abroad, should Oregon, without distinction of
arrogant foe, that such a hero, a Philippines. The Latin races have vantages, or even of that other not ^
itted t o unembraced party, seems to favor retaining
pire and hurled nation after nation
simple New Englander, true, skill adopted expediencies which have paramount question of humanity j It U Ktdoul any nation has,
Philippine islands. To surrender
ful and lion-like, as Dewey, should contributed to revolution and upon which from the first, the war through the circumstances of war any portion of Luzon would evoke
Will this nation surrender the
i or otherwise, such opportunities intense bitterness. This question
commercial wreathed, the fruit- have been sent to the Philippine bloodshed, and a Spanish autonomy was justifiably waged.
archipelago to destroy all hope of is one of those expediencies. The
But not only so, but our govern- presented to it, and all of which, as is of special interest to the Pacific
laden victory won by the prowess
Spain in Asia, that such a consum Anglo-Saxons have mastered right ment having risked the dangers in this case, may be accepted with- Coast. Opportunity lost now may
and valor of American arms in the
mate statesman of the noblest pa principles which have contributed and assumed the responsibilities in out and breach of national honor, J never recur.”
Philippine archipelago that the
triotism should have been inspired to the science of civil government volved in the wage of battle, hav- [ or without being rightfully sub
wicked dynasty of Spain may be
with wisdom and courage to out in its highest sphere and to the ing imperiled the lives of our sold jected to any charge of unreason
resuscitated to again offend Heaven
Governor Lord is said to be con
general the German meddler, are noblest sphere in human welfare. iers and sailors on the field and on able claim or demand from a con-
aud earth with her crimes and
templating an extra session of the
evidences of (rod’s planning for the
Let America attempt no political the high seas, having exposed to quered foe. No acquisition of ter- legislature for this fall.
again be dragged to the execution
deliverance of eight millions of expediencies nor trust to the fabled the shot and shell of the Spanish ritorv. or cession of other rights, ;
er a block to suffer the retribution
I slaves from the Spanish yoke in honor of Spain to guarantee local navy, and of her fortifications, onr however important or valuable,
so long past due and stored up by
self-government to a people whom magnificent battle ships, having either in Cuba, Porto Rico, or any
Probate.—Petition presented asking
the judgments of Heaven
o( a guardian for O. A.
This nation will no more return she has enslaved for four hundred expended millions of dollars in other of the West _ Indies,
j ^ ^
Can this nation count her heroes
slain and maimed for life in their
millions oi human beings and the speakable barbarities in Cuba, and within reason be demanded, would 1 turnable on Aug. 10. 19W. at 10 a. m.
battles with Spanish Sodom and j Spanish tyranny than will the peo
they inhabit would brand in compelling her to conform to i i my judgment compensate the 1 Report of sale of real estate file-1 in re
then suffer any party, potentate or
IV. A. Freeman estate. Same approved
power to force upon our republic a voke the proclamation of Abraham j our people as unworthy of our the most elementary principles of United States, or the American j and conveyance ordered ma<le.
army and navy who have won humanity, onr country and our people, for hauling down the
concluding treaty of peace which | Lincoln which made four millions
Law Docket —Landees et uz vs.
victories the most renowned in the people are. in my judgment, by American flog at Manila, planted Dailey et al. Bill of W. A. Fool for
shall remand to the sovereignty of of freemen.
history of the world. Shall our every consideration of justice and there by Dewey and his brave men. I keeper’s fees allowed in the sum of Jltf.
Spain a single island of the seas i A diplomacy gifted with inspira
once justly forfeited to onr arms by j tion under Spanish bribery, man sailors and soldiers be dishonored j of right, entitled to enjoy all the aided by our gallant soldiers, many ! John A. Yandehey and Albertina Jan-
by accepting a commercial coaling 1
which wllj 1 0f them from onr otm ftate, or for ‘
out licis aud sailors? j ipulated by French and Italian