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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (June 28, 1918)
0 start of Freedom's banner bright
That clustered shine in field of blue.
From faint, far depths of heaven's
Your constellated fires you drew!
From ttarry ways of ages down
Ton bring the light of old renown!
Greece first your dawn-bright radiance
When Freedom's star rose o'er the
And Athens' glory full orbed grew
When Parthenon crowned the Acrop
The fame of Greece then brightly shone
With splendor since through ages
But kindled by Prometheam fire
O'er other lands rose Freedom's
Unquenched by blood, they still aspire
Where far beyond the old world
They rose above the new world bright
And blent as one their kindred light
Long may these stars undimmed still
In Freedom's glorious galaxy)
Long may our land still be the shrine
To all the world of Liberty,
Whose statue stands at Freedom's
And for the coming millions waits I
H. T. SuJJulh In Neto For World.
THAT WAS NAMED
Carlisle, Pa., Claims to Have Had
Within Ita Limits a Station of Im
portance That Antedates the Nation
al Capital by Many Years Made
First Move for American Liberty.
fA ARLISLE, Pa., claims to have
M 1 bad within its limits the first
1 pluoe (Washingtouburg) In the
United States to be named for
George Washington and to have the
oldest meeting house west of the Sus
quehanna, wherein the germ of Ameri
can liberty was conceived.
' Access to hidden records and facts
long burled In state archives Is re
writing history and a lately discovered
"Uncompleted Paper" by the late
Christian P. Uumrlch, Esq., discloses
the fact that on the present site of the
united States Indian school at Car
lisle In prerevolutionary times was an
establishment of "recognized Impor
tance, and of great historical Interest,"
known as Washingtouburg.
No record Is found In state or coun
ty of Its existence, but research shows
that it was quite an Important place
nd more than a eulmrb of Carlisle,
It was a national and not a state es-
tablUhment for "Col. Flower, Commls-
ary-Qcnerol of Military Stores," re
quests that he nilght have "Carpenters,
Farriers, Gun Suitths, Tluinen, Siul
dlers and Shoemakers" for work at
Coal Used Industrially.
Dr. Charles F. Itimcs of Dickinson
college writes: "It was, too, an up-to-date,
or rather, away-ehead-of-dute,
establishment, at least In regard to
fuel employed, for anthracite coal from
Wllkesbarre region was floated down
the Susquehanna and hauled In wagons
from Harris' Ferry (llarrlsburg) to
this point This was the first use of
such coal, on such a scale, and for In
dustrial purposes." Evidence of the
large force of workmen employed la
found In meat bill, dated February 7,
1781, for 150 head of beef cattle to
supply the artificers and others at
Washingtouburg, at the "Continental
works near Carlisle."
ThejwuteuUon Is that this military
post was the first place In the United
States to be named for Washington
and that its existence antedates by
years Washington, D. 0..
When General Washington was In
Carlisle during the whisky rebellion
he, with Alexander Hamilton, wor
shiped In the "Old Presbyterian Meet
ing House" on the public square la
Carlisle, and it was In this Identical
meeting house, on July 12, 1774, a yeai
before the Mecklenburg declaration, e
public meeting of patriotic citizens
gathered from the town and surround
ing country, condemned the act of the
British parliament and urged vigorous
measures to correct the wrong. Col.
John Montgomery was the presiding
officer. James Wilson was present and
was appointed one of the members ol
the committee to meet with other com
mittees to take action. He was later a
member of the Continental congress, a
signer of the Declaration and a justice
of the Supreme court. Wing's htstorj
states, "and when In the Continental
congress he received Instructions from
his constituents In Cumberland countj
to advocute nn entire separation from
the mother country, this was prob
ably the first utterance of that senti
ment of the country."
Bancroft's Tribute to Wilaon.
Bancroft says of Wilson : "ne was an
ardent pntrlot, like many other eml
ncnt men of that day not at first
avowedly In favor of severance from
trie mother country, but he desired II
when he received definite Instruction
from his constituents."
Bellman, writing of the potency ol
this meeting held In the "Old Meeting
House" on July 12, 1774, says: "The
lnlluence, therefore, of the meeting, oi
of subsequent Instructions to which II
gave rise, seems to have determined
the action of Pennsylvania In that
great crisis which men even like John
Dickinson were too timid or too cow
ardly to meet."
The vote of Jnmes Wilson deter
mined the vote of Pennsylvania. Had
Pennsylvania failed to accept the reso
lution we today would he under an
Philadelphia may be considered "The
birthplace of American liberty," but
Its conception In the "Old Tresbyterlnn
Meeting House," In Carlisle, Cumber-
hind county, Pennsylvania, made
possible to be born.
The Scotch-Irish part In the Itevolu
tlonary war and the events preceding
It Is becoming more apparent and Im
portant, and the notions taken In the
Preshyterlnn meeting houses through
out Pennsylvania are vital to historic
Principle Mint Be Adhered To.
One of the statesmen who fashioned
this government upon Its broad lines
that have endured left us the guiding
words that "eternal vigilance is the
price of liberty," and we should hold
fast te that In all our future; that
vigilance which shall make us pre
pared In peace for possible war, pre
pared In war for promised peace, and
watchful both In peace and war for
the principles and the policies which
have safeguarded the constitution and
which will save, If anything will save,
our republic till natlous are no more.
Put Hit Americanism First
"You must remember," said he who
first came to us as Marquis de la Fay
ette when he was asked by what title
he preferred to be addressed when he
was last on these shores, "that 1 am
an American general."
He had renounced meanwhile one
of the proudest patents of nobility In
France that he might feel strongei
wlthtn hlro. the call of freedom. The
reply Is characteristic of his whole
outlook of life.
EMPEY TAKES HIS FIRST TURN ON THE FIRING STEP OF
THE TRENCH WHILE BULLETS WHIZ OVERHEAD.
Synopsis. Fired by the sinking of the Lusltanla, with the loss of
American lives, Arthur Ouy Empey, an American living In Jersey City,
goes to England and enlists as a private in the British army. After a
short experience as a recruiting officer in London, he is sent to train
ing quarters In France, where he first hears the sound of big guns
and makes the acquaintance of "cooties." After a brief period of
training Empey's company is eent into the front-line trenches.
- Mud, Rati and 8hells.
I must have slept for two or three
hours, not the refreshing kind that re
sults from clean sheets and soft pil
lows, but the sleep that comes from
cold, wet and sheer exhaustion.
Suddenly, the earth seemed to shake
and a thunderclap burst In my ears. I
opened my eyes I was splashed all
over with sticky mud, and men were
picking themselves up from the bottom
of the trench. The parapet on my left
had toppled into the trench, completely
blocking It with a wall of tossed-up
earth. The man on my left lay still. I
rubbed the mud from my face, and an
awful sight met my gaze his head
was smashed' to a pulp, and his steel
helmet was full of brains and blood.
A German "Minnie" (trench mortar)
had exploded In the next traverse. Men
were digging Into the soft mass of mud
In a frenzy of haste. Stretcher-bear
ers came up the trench on the double.
After a few minutes of digging, three
still, muddy forms on stretchers were
carried down the communication
trench to the rear. Soon they would
be resting "somewhere In France," with
a little wooden cross over their heads.
They had done their bit for king and'
country, had died without firing a shot,
but their services were appreciated,
Later on, I found out their names.
They belonged to our draft
I was dazed and motionless. Sud
denly a shovel was pushed into my
hands, and a rough but kindly voice
'Here, my lad, lend a hand clearing
the trench, but keep your head down,
and look out for snipers. One of the
Fritz's Is a daisy, and he'll get you if
you're not careful."
Lying on my belly on the bottom of
the trench, I filled sandbags with the
sticky mud, they were dragged to my
rear by the other men, and the work of
rebuilding the parapet was on. The
harder I worked, the better I felt Al
though the weather was cold, I was
soaked with sweat.
Occasionally a bullet would crack
overhead, and a machine gun would
kick up the mud on the bashed-ln para
pet. At each crack I would duck and
shield my face with my arm. One of
the older men noticed this action of
mine, and whispered :
"Don't duck at the crack of a bul
let Tank ; the danger has passed you
never hear the one that wings you.
Always remember that if you are going
to get it you'll get it so never worry."
This made a great Impression on me
at the time, and from then on, I adopt
ed his motto, "If you're going to get it
you'll get it."
It helped me wonderfully. I nsed It
so often afterwards that some of my
mates dubbed me, "If you're going; to
get it you'll get It"
After an hour's hard work, all my
nervousness left me, and I was laugh
ing and Joking with the rest
At one o'clock, dinner came up in
the form of a dlxle of hot stew.
I looked for my canteen. It had
fallen off the fire step, and was half
burled In the mud. The man on my
left noticed this, and told the corporal,
dishing out the rations, to put my
share in his mess tin. Then he whis
pered to me, "Always take care of your
mess tin, mate."
I had learned another maxim of the
mat stew tasted nne. i was aa
hungry aa a bear. We had "seconds,'
or another helping, because three of
the men had "gone West" killed by
the explosion of the German trench
mortar, and we ate their share, but
still I was hungry, so I filled in with
bully beef snd biscuits. Then I drained
my water bottle. Later on I learned
another maxim of the front line, "Go
sparingly with your water." The bully
beef made me thirsty, and by tea time
X was dying for a drink, but my pride
would not allow me to ask my mates
(or water. I was fast learning the
ethics of the trenches.
That night I waa put on guard with
an older man. We stood on the fire
step with our hands over the top, peer
ing out into No Man's Land. It was
nervous work for me, but the other fel
low seemed to take It as part of the
Then something shot past my face.
My heart stopped beating, and I ducked
soy head below the parapet A soft
OlTOERYING Hi HUMCE
chuckle from my mate brought me to
my senses, and I feebly asked, "For
heaven's sake, what was that?"
He answered. "Only a rat taking a
promenade along the sandbags."
felt very sheepish.
About every twenty minutes the sen
try In the next traverse would fire
star shell from his flare pistol. The
"plop" would give me a start of fright.
never got used to this noise during
my service In the trenches.
I would watch the arc described by
the star shell, and then stare into No
Man's Land waiting for it to burst. In
its lurid light the barbed wire and
stakes would be silhouetted against its
light like a latticed window. Then
Once, out in front of our wire, I
heard a noise and saw dark forms
moving. My rifle was lying across the
sandbagged parapet I reached for it
and was taking aim to fire, when my
mate grasped my arm, and whispered,
"Don't fire." He challenged in a low
voice. The reply came back Instantly
from the dark forms:
"Shut your bllnkln' mouth,- you
bloomln' Idiot ; do you want us to click
it from the Boches?"
Later we learned that the word, "No
challenging or firing, wiring party out
In front," had been given to the sentry
on our right, but he had failed to pass
It down the trench. An officer had over
heard our challenge and the reply, and
immediately put the offending sentry
under arrest. The sentry clicked
twenty-one days on the wheel, that is,
he received twenty-one days' field pun
ishment No. 1, or "crucifixion," as
Tommy terms it
This consists of being spread-eagled
on the wheel of a limber two hours a
day for twenty-one days, regardless of
the weather. During this period, your
rations consist of bully beef, biscuits
A few months later I met this sentry
and he confided to me that since being
"crucified," be had never failed to pass
the word down the trench when so or
dered. In view of the offense, the
above punishment was very light in
that falling to pass the word down a
trench may mean the loss of many
lives, and the spoiling of some impor
tant enterprise In No Man's Land.
"Back of the Line."
Our tour in the front-line trench
lasted four days, and then we were
relieved by the brigade.
Going down the communication
trench we were In a merry mood, al
though we were cold and wet and
every bone In our bodies ached. It
makes a lot of difference whether you
are "going in" or "going out"
At the end of the communication
trench, Umbers were waiting on the
road for us. 1 thought we were going
to ride back to rest billets, but soon
found out that the only time an In
fantryman rides is when he is
wounded and Is bound for the base or
Blighty. These limbers carried our
reserve ammunition and rations. Our
march to rest billets was thoroughly
enjoyed by me. It seemed as if I
were on furlough, and was leaving be
hind everything that was disagree
able and horrible. Every recruit feels
this way after being relieved from the
Wa marched eight kilos and then
halted in front of a French estamlnet
The captain gave the order to turn
out on each aide of the road and wait
his return. Pretty soon he came back
and told B company to occupy billets
117, 118 and 119. Billet 117 was an
old stable which had previously been
occupied by cows. About four feet In
front of the entrance was a huge ma
nure pile, and the odor from it was
anything but pleasant Using my
flashlight I stumbled through the door.
Just before entering I observed a
white sign reading: "Sitting SO, lying
20," but at the time, Its significance
did not strike me. Next morning I
asked the sergeant major what It
meant He nonchalantly answered:
"That's some of the work of the R.
A. M. 0. (Royal Army Medical corps).
It simply means that in case of an at
tack, this billet will accommodate
fifty wounded who are able to alt up
and take notice, or twenty stretcher
It was not long after this that I was
one of the "20 lying."
I soon hit the hay and was fast
asleep, even my friends the "cooties"
failed to disturb me.
The next morning at about six
o'clock I was awakened by the lance
corporal of our section, informing me
that I had been detailed as mess, or
derly, and to report to the cook and
give him a hand. I helped him make
the fire, carry water from an old well,
and fry the bacon. Lids of dixies are
used to cook the bacon in. After
breakfast was cooked, I carried a dixie
of hot tea and the lid full of bacon to
our section, and told the corporal that
breakfast was ready. He looked at me
in contempt and then shouted, "Break
fast up, come and get It 1 1 immedi
ately got wise to the trench parlance,
and never again Informed that "Break
fast was served."
It didn't take long for the Tommies
to answer this call. Half dressed,
they lined up with their canteens and
I dished out the tea. Each Tommy
carried In his hand a thick slice of
bread which had been issued with the
rations the night before. Then I had
the pleasure of seeing them dig Into
the bacon with their dirty fingers. The
allowance was one slice per man. The
late ones received very small slices.
As each Tommy got his share he im
mediately disappeared Into the billet
Pretty soon about fifteen of them made
a rush to the cookhouse, each carrying
a huge slice of bread. These slices
they dipped into the bacon grease
which was stewing over the fire. The
last man Invariably lost out I was
the last man.
After breakfast our section carried
their equipment into a field adjoining
the billet and got busy removing the
trench mud therefrom, because at 8 :45
a. m., they had to fall In for Inspection
and parade, and woe betide the man
who was unshaven, or had mud on his
uniform. Cleanliness is next to godli
ness In the British army, and Old Pep
per must have been personally ac
quainted with St. Peter.
Our drill consisted of close-order
formation, which lasted until noon.
During this time we had two ten-min
ute breaks for rest, and no sooner the
word, "Fall out for ten minutes," was
given than each Tommy got out a fag
and lighted it
Fags are issued every Sunday morn
ing, and you generally get between
twenty and forty. The brand gen
erally Issued is the "Woodbine." Some
times we are lucky and get "Gold-
flakes," "Players" or "Bed Hussars."
Occasionally an Issue of "Life Bays"
comes along. Then the older Tommies
Immediately get busy on the recruits
and trade these for "Woodbines" or
"Goldfiakes." A recruit only has to
be stuck once in this manner, andhen
he ceases to be a recruit There Is a
Resting Back of the Lines.
reason. Tommy is a great cigarette
smoker. He smokes under all condi
tions, except when unconscious or
when he Is reconnoiterlng In No Man's
Land at night Then, for obvious rea
sons, he does not care to have a light
ed cigarette In his mouth.
Stretcher bearers carry fags for
wounded Tommies. When a stretcher
bearer arrives alongside of a Tommy
who has been hit the following conver
sation usually takes place: Stretcher
bearer "Want a fog? Where are you
hit?" Tommy looks up and answers,
"les. in the leg."
After dismissal from parade, we re
turned to our billets and I had to get
busy Immediately with the dinner Is
sue. Dinner consisted of stew made
from fresh beef, a couple of spuds,
nuiiy Deer, Juaconochle rations and wa
ter plenty of water. There is great
competition among the men to spear
with their forks the two lonely pota
Back en the front line, after a
stay in rest billets, Empey gets a
shock when a German bullet cuts
down his first friend of the
trenches. He telle the story In
the next Installment
tTO B CONTINUED.)
Make Light of Heavy Load.
The streets of Jerusalem within the
walls are as narrow and crowded that
It Is impossible to drive wagon
through them, and many of them are
built of a series of steps upon the hill
side, so that It Is a task to lead camels
or donkeys through them after sunrise,
Therefore most of the carrying and
porterlng Is done by men. They carry
the most surprising loads. I am told
that they will step along briskly wlta
600 pounds on their backs, with stout
ropes holding the bundles to. thtlr ton
OF CURRENT WEEK
Brief Resume Most Important
:Daily News Items.
COMPILED FOR YOU
Events of Noted People, Governments
and Pacific Northwest and Other
Things Worth Knowing-.
Charles J. McCarthy was Tuesday
inaugurated as governor of the terri
tory of Hawaii, succeeding Lucius E.
President Wilson will deliver a
Fourth of July address at Mount Ver
non, Va., in connection with a cele
bration in which representatives of
allied nations will participate.
Discontinuance of instruction in Ger
man at the University of Denver was
announced Wednesday. During the
second semester of this year only 50
students enrolled in the German class
es. Clarence Young of the American
aviation forces, while making a flight,
was compelled to descend within the '
Austrian lines. His comrades have
assured headquarters he was not in
jured. Representatives of clvio organiza
tions of Washington, Oregon and
Idaho, at a conference in Seattle Mon
day, adopted a plan of organization for
a zone industrial commission of the .
war industries board.
Mexican sisal growers have entered
into an agreement with the food ad
ministration to sell in this country
500,000 bales of this year's sisal crop
at a price 3 cents a pound below that
received last year.
Coal dealers and distributors are
prohibited in a fuel administration
order from adding to the price of coal
they now have on hand the freight
rate increases on this commodity
which became effective Tuesday.
The Dublin police have seized 40,-
000 rounds of ammunition found in a
consignment of grain in the Smith
field market. It is believed the con
signment formed a part of a cargo of
arms and ammunition landed on the
northern coast some time ago.
A Washington dispatch says the en
tente allies are earnestly seeking a so
lution of the Russion problem one
that will assist President Wilson in
the execution of his pledge to "stand
behind Russia" and latest reports
from Europe indicate that progress is
Lloyd George, In discussing the war
situation Monday in the house of com
mons, referred to the amazing organi
zation which was bringing American
troops to France. "Enough Americans,"
he added, have arrived to satisfy the
allies and to disappoint and ultimately
defeat our foes."
American troops on the Marne front
Monday night captured the northwest
ern part of Belleu Wood. The Ameri
cans cleared this strategic position of
all Germans, captured some prisoners
and took five machine guns. The
Americans are now in complete posses
sion or the woods.
More than 700 men of draft age were
rounded up by the New York police in
the Brownsville district of Brooklyn
Tuesday and questioned concerning
their registration cards. The raid was '
prompted by local draft officers, who
were disappointed In the registration
of June 4.
The accusation that Alonza Sargent.
engineer of the empty troop train
which crashed into tha Hatrnnhnck-
Wallace circus sleepers near Gary.
Ind., causing the death of 85 persons,
was asleep at his throttle, was made
Tuesday by J. McFadden. attnrnnv for
the Michigan Central railway.
A nrnnlftmftHnn lammd Tnaalav da.
elares the seaport of Tralee, County
Kerry, Ireland, to be a special military
area. This means the same system of
martial law has been applied to Tralee
as has been enforced In the County
ware, remits win be necessary for
persons to enter the orescrlbed dis
The AustriAntt linva koan ahla fn
make virtually no progress against the
British forces holding an important
Section of the line on tha Italian frnnt.
says a London dispatch Thursday.
Drenching raina nn tha Flathead
reservation, Montana, have saved a
probable wheat crop of 2,000,000 bush
els just as farmers were getting ready
to turn s toe it into their fields, accord
ing to reports.
Onlv five minutes warn rantiirad tnr
passage Thursday by the senate of the
annual general pension bill, carrying
$220,000,000, the largest pension
measure by $12,000,000 in the govern
Austria's grain supplies have com
pletely run out and such food of this
nature as she is (rettin? la eominir
from what Germany has allotted to
her from the Ukrainian aunnliea. ac
cording to indications in a Copenhagen
dispatch to the London Exchange Tele-
'tThe Americans in the Woevre sent
their first gas against the German
lines from projectors Wednesday morn
ing. A German raid at Remieres
Wood waa repulsed. Some of the
enemy were killed and one prisoner