Image provided by: Hood River County Library District; Hood River, OR
About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1915)
REAL WARFARE IN
Senator Chamberlain Proposes
Object Lesson for Congress.
POSITION NEAR WASHINGTON DESIRED
90-MILE GALE WITH LIGHTNING,
SNOW AND RAIN SWEEPS EAST
New York One of the weirdest
storms the East has seen in many
years rain, hail and snow, accom
panied by thunder and lightning and a
gale that reached a maximum velocity
of 90 miles an hour descended from
the northwest early Monday as the af
termath of a Christmas foe. It indi
rectly caused seven deathB in this city.
carried down telegraph poles, damaged
shipping, crippled railroad traffic and
caused coniderable property damage.
The phenomenon of thunder and
NORTHWEST MARKET REPORTS;
GENERAL CROP CONDITIONS
Portland Wheat Bluestem, 971c
bushel; forty-fold, 97c; club, 94c; red
Fife, 92c; red Russian, 92c.
Hay Eastern Oregon timothy, $15
17ton; valley timothy, $1214; al
falfa, $13.6014.50; cheat, $1011;
oats and vetch, $1112.
Millfeed Spot prices: Bran, $22
ton; Bhorts, $23, rolled barley,. $29
Corn White, $35 ton; cracked, $36.
Vegetables Artichokes, $1.10 doz. ;
tomatoes, California, $1.251.50 case;
HIGH DIPLOMAT SEEKS AMICABLE
ADJUSTMENT OF ANCONA AFFAIR
Washington, D. C. Pending receipt
of Austria-Hungary's reply to the sec
ond American note regarding the sink
ing of the Italian steamship Ancona,
Baron Erich Zwiedinek, charge of the
Austro-Hungarian embassy, is conduct
ing or forming a basis to conduct in
formal negotiations with Secretary
Lansing looking toward an amicable
settlement of the controversy. An in
timation to that effect was received at
the State department Wednesday after
the charge had conferred at some
Demonstration of Actual Operations
in Field Would Enlighten Mem
bers of Lawmaking Body.
Twenty-five persons aboard 15 canal flower '75j1.25 dozen; 'ceiery, 50
Washington, D. C Congress will
have an object lesson in preparedness
for modern warfare, if Senator Cham
berlain, of Oregon, chairman of the
senate committee on military affairs,
succeeds in carrying out a plan he has
conceived to illustrate graphically the
problem of national defense.
When congress reassembles the sen'
ator will propose that a division of
regular troops or of regular and Na
tional Guard troops be assembled at
the nearest suitabe point to Washing
ton. He would have these troops
when mobilized dig trenches and other
wise fortify a defensive position.
Although the position would not be
defended by troops and no " men would
be under fire at any time, the Senator
is of the opinion that the attack would
furnish a more valuable object lesson
than an ordinary maneuvers or sham
Mr. Chamberlain believes that after
witnessing the mobilization of a divis
ion and an attack of this character
senators and representatives would re'
turn to Washington better prepared
. to legislate for the equipment and
training of an army required by mod
ern conditions of warfare. ,
Here are some of the issues , which
would be illuminated by such an object
First The training, organization
and discipline necessary if a division
is going to dig itself in properly and
otherwise prepare for the defense of
any position it may hold,
Second The difficulties attending
the defense and attack of a position
and the training and discipline abso
lutely essential if such defense or at
tack is to be made,
Third Effect of high explosive shell
and grenade fire and what it means to
have to face it,
Fourth Our lack of heavy field
guns needed to smash infantry trenches,
Fifth How difficult it would be for
us to mobilize one complete division,
which is the smallest complete division
of an army.
"I am constantly impressed with the
difficulty of creating a thorough under
standing of the necessity of providing
adequate National defense," said Sen
"People read how battles are fought
lightning in the midst of driving snow ... ' on, 1 k- mnH' length with the secretary,
A XT V 1 4. 1L. L.:.Li -Bf " B.., r , - 7..j...i. .-
.nucmmwiurmDu mo uBigab peppers, 1012Je; eggplant, 10c; uuumuwu dmviu wiwiuu
of the storm about 7 o'clock. an, r,.. w-.Hih si. nii- attempting negotiations similar to
storff, the German ambassador, follow
ing the sinking of the steamship
Arabic. It is considered improbable,
however, that sucn negotiations can
develop to an important stage until
after receipt of the next formal com
munication from Austria-Hungary,
which is expected some time within
boats driven ashore off Sandy Hook
were rescued by the coast guard crew.
A barge sprang a leak and sank 12
miles east of Ambrose Lightship.
Seven Erie railroad barges loaded with
automobiles sank in the East river.
The deaths in the city resulting from
the gale all occurred while the blind-
DAVID STARR JORDAN
3B8fiMW185tiiS 1 iriMTfriiiiiSi
90c; beans, 12J15c pound; lettuce,
$22.75 crate; peas, 15c pound.
Green Fruits Pears, $11.5Q box;
grapes, $b barrel; cranberries, tlU
Potatoes Oregon, $11.15 sack;
Yakimas, $1.161.25; sweets, $2.50
Onions Oregon, buying price, $1.10
f. 0. b. shipping point.
Apples Spitzenbergs, extra fancy,
$2.25 box: fancy, $2; choice, $1.25
1.50; Jonathans, extra fancy, $1.50;
fancy. $1.25; choice, $1; Yellow New-
town, extra fancy, $2; fancy, $1.75;
choice, $1 & 1.25; Baldwins, extra
fancy, $1.60; fancy, $1.25; choice, $1
Russets, orchard run, $1.
Eggs Oregon ranch, buying prices
No 1, . 85c; No. 2, 28c: No. 8, 18c.
Jobbing prices: No. 1, 88c; Oregon
Poultry Hens, small, 12 12jc
pound;, large, 13J14c; springs, 12
13c; turkeys, live, 1820c; dressed,
2324c; ducks, 1216c; geese, 10
Butter City creamery, cubes, ex
tras, selling at 294c; firsts, 27c;
prints and cartons, extra. Prices paid
to producers: Country creamery, 24
27c; butterfat, No. 1, 81c; No. 2, 29e.
Veal Fancy, 1010jc pound,
Pork Fancy, 6J7c pound.
HopB 1915 crop, nominal.
Hides Salted hides. 151c; salted
kip, 16c; salted calf, 18c; green hides,
14c; gpreen kip, 16c; green calf, 18c;
dry hides, 25c; dry calf, 27c.
Wool Eastern Oregon, 18 25c;
valley, 2626c; fall lambs' wool, 25c;
mohair, Oregon, 28c.
Cascara bark Old and new, 8J4e.
Cattle Choice steers, $7 7.50;
good, $6.76 7; medium, $66.75;
choice cows, $5.255.75; good, $5
6.25; medium, $4.605; heifers, $3.50
6; bulls, $35; stags, $4.505.Z5.
Hogs Light, $5.956.10; heavy,
Sheep Wethers, $4.756.75; ewes,
$46; lambs, $67.60.
HARVESTING OF SILAGE
Corn Must Be Cut at the Proper
Stage of Maturity.
Most Economical Succulent Food That
Can Be Obtained for Dairy Cows
at a Season When Pasture Is
(By WILBUR J. FRASER, Illinois.)
It Is of great importance to know
at what stage corn should be cut to
secure the best results, how rapidly
nutriment Is stored up In the corn
plant as It approaches maturity, and
when the maximum amount Is reached.
To have the silage keep well the
corn must be cut at the proper stage
ot maturity. If cut before It Is suffl-
MISS MARGHERITTA TILLMAN J
- w ' " iiV ;v v-f- V Cutting and Storing Silage.
Dr. David Starr Jordan, president oi
Leland Stanford, Jr., university, sug
gested to President Wilson that
conference of neutral nations be
called to act as a voluntary court oi
arbitration to receive and consider any
plans that may be advanced looking
toward peace In Europe.
No Lowering of Apple Standards.
Spokane Refusal to sanction any
lowering of the standards of grade and
pack featured the annual conference
here Thursday of Washington fruit the next week,
Miss Margherltta Tillman, daughter
of Commander H. Tillman, U. 8. N.
and Mr. Tillman, hat Just been for
mally Introduced to Washington so
ciety. She has been one of the lead
ers of the younger set In the national
Injun i.nu uwn imun w ivuiui .
nowadays in Europe, but they are of ing snow storm was at its height. A
the preparation to fight such battles." fireman was fatally injured while re
sponding to an alarm. A woman was
Chinese Editor Is Assassinated
in San Francisco Banquet Hall
San Francisco Wong Yuen Yung,
former editor of the Asiatic Mews, a
paper published at Shanghai, as the
official organ of Chinese favoring a re
turn to the monarchist form of govern
ment, was shot in the back . and killed
while attending a Chinese Christmas
banquet here Saturday night.
The assassin escaped and was unrec-
Just what authority has been given
Tl . fl,4. J H. J.n mn. """" " " 'v-'"v" "J " '
haB not been made known. It was re-
tered around an attempt to allow the called here that relations between the
putting of worm-stung apples into the United States and Germany were seri-
fnpv. or No. 2. irrade. The Yakima ously strained when the Uerman Am.
, , .. , . s bassador took virtually a free hand to
Valley delegation led the battle in 1 the negoti8tion8( which pre
... 1 roun nT Trio, Tit d n nnr. wai iujh i mti iiu hi . 1 x 1 1 1 r . m 1
run over by a streetcar. Another " -'-vented me situation irom Decoming
woman collapsed and died in the street vote of 160 to 20, the opposition being more Berious than it at one time was,
while battling against the gale on her championed by the Wenatchee growers.
way to church. A flagman at lotten- The fruit men aiBO voted. 90 to
vine, staten lBiana, was Diown in
fpnnf nf a train nnn lrilieri innr.linrlv.
A bicyclist in a heavy rain ran into an "C" grade. In the heated debate that
automobile at Mineola and was fatally preceded the vote J. S. Sugrue, of
injured. His wife, who was riding Cavere, leader of the Wenatchee dele
with him, also suffered injuries from Baid 8entiment in hig diBtr;ct
wnicn sue may aie. An agea man ien - -
on an icv imvement in Newark and WM that eventually
GIVE HARNESS BEST OF CARE
When Placed Just Guhlnd Work Team
Leather Becomes Brittle and Some
times Breaks Very Easily.
Many farmers haus tbelr harness
In the barn just behind the work team
so that It will be handy when wanted.
Uf course It Is convonient and can be
thrown onto the backs of the horses
in a few minutes, but there Is a con
siderable loss in hanging the harness
at the back end of the Ftall.
There Is a constant passing oft oi
ammonia from the manure behind the
harness and this has a bad effect on
the leather of the harness. This is
the reason why a barneys that is al
lowed to hang In stalls cracks and
dries out, becomes brittle and some
times breaks very easily. One would
have to keep the leather thoroughly
soaked with oil to prevent Injury from
the action of the ammonia.
Then there is danger ot harness be
ing thrown down Into the manure of
the stable by the constant passing ot
the horses from the lot into the stalk
When It is thrown down end tramped
into the manure it is filthy to handle
and Is injured by the action of the
The best plan is to have a room in
the barn in which to hang the har
ness. It is even better to hang it in
the hallway than over the manure.
The room need not be large. Every
thing In it may easily be kept in
proper order, and all repair material
should also be located here. This
room should be free from mice and
rats, for these rodents are destructive
TO SERVE EGGPLANT
VEGETABLE VALUABLE IN GIVING
VARIETY TO MENU.
DIG HOLES BY HORSE POWER
Friend of President Wilson on
Secret Mission to Theater of War
died of a fractured skull on his way only two grades of apples, and that the of the preBjdent.
New York Colonel E. M. House,
confidential advisor of President Wil
son, said Wednesday that he would
shortly sail for Europe at the request
to a hospital.
Wong had taken his Christmas din
ner in a private dining-room with L.
Y. Kuo and C. T. Lob, both Chinese
commissioners to the Panama-Pacific
exposition from Chili provnice, China.
In the adjoining banquet hall hun
dreds of prominent Chinese were seat
ed at dinner.
Wong left his companions for a mo
ment to light a cigarette at the cash
ier's desk. Just as he was about to
Five Provinces Revolt.
San Francisco "The punitive ex
pedition against Yuan Shi Kai" is the
name selected for the 'organized revo
lutionary party reported to be active
in China against the return to mon
archial government and the coronation
of Yuan Shi Kai as its emperor. This
information was contained in a cable-
Wenatchee growers favored the estab
lishment of a combination grade to in
elude both the fancy and "C" grades.
He urged that the development of the
by-products industry, preferably by the
Colonel House declared the sole pur
pose of his trip would be to deliver to
certain American ambassadors informa
tion regarding this government's at
titude on various international matters
now pending. He denied emphatical
return to his table an unidentified
Chinese fired two shots, both of which gram received here Tuesday by Tong Hour prices upward agian,
took effect. Wong fell and crawled King Chong, president of the Chee vance is 20 cents a barrel
to tbe room ne naa lett a moment oe- Kung Tong (thmeBe Kepubiic Associa- whicn put8 wh0lesale quotation at $6.
lore, ne was ueau wueu uieuicu mu non 1 irom me neaaquaners 01 lue
reAched him. I mnvomAnf nt. Rhnncrhnl. From the
The assassin threw his weapon to same sources came the first news of similar advance. Export flours are
!!!? lyth.t hi. .trip will in any way be a
""f""" . "-" 6" " neace mission.
nage 01 cun iruii. "I am coin? to Eurona at there-
quest of the President and the Secre
tary of State, for the purpose of tak
ing information to some of our ambas
sadors," he said, "in order that they
may have more intimate knowledge of
this government's attitude regarding
certain phases of inernational ques
tions and in order to obtain from them
their point of view on these matters.
"It is not advisable to bring home
at this time any of our ambassadors
Flour Takes Another Jump.
The strength of the wheat market
in the Pacific Northwest has forced
clently matured, too much acid de
velops. If too ripe, it does not settle
properly and the air is not excluded.
Corn should not be cut until the
ears are out of the milk and most of
the kernels glazed and hard.
The corn should be cut with a corn
binder, as it is much more easily
handled when bound in bundles. It
the silage cutter is large and the work
Is done with a good force of men, the
corn binder should have a start ot
half a day. If enough horses are used
on the binder to keep it moving at a
good pace the corn can be cut down
as fast as It can be put into the silo.
Using a small cutter with a large en
gine Is dangerous unlesu great care Is
exercised in controlling the power.
If silage is to keep well It must
settle evenly. To this end the leaves
and the heavier parts ot the corn
must be kept thoroughly mixed and
evenly distributed In the silo. Owing
to the great pressure ot silage, fric
tion with the sides of the silo has a
tendency to make the silage less com'
pact at the edge, and for this reason
it should be thoroughly tramped next
the side. Every time three or four
Inches ot cut material Is added to the
sllo it should be tramped thoroughly
around the edge, taking short steps
and packing the silage as much as
possible next to the wall. These pre
cautions must be observed during fill
Ing to obtain perfect silage.
After filling, the top six inches
should be wet once and the whole sur
face tramped every day for a week to
obtain a thin, compact layer ot well
rooted silage which will exclude the
Properly prepared, corn Blinge is,
as a rule, the most economical succu
lent tood that can be obtained tor
dairy cows at a season when pasture
Is not available. Although not a bal
anced ration in Itself, it tends to
heavy milk production and economical
milk can be made by feeding corn
silage and a legume hay without the
use ot much grain.
the floor and dashed down a long stair- the declaration of independence from also higher at $4.204.30. Millfeed from the belligerent countries. It has
way to the street, where he was lost the rule of Yuan Shi Kai by Yunnan is holding steady In spite of large been found impossible to convey or on
to view in a dense crowd of Chinese province and the reported revolt of stocks, as there is excellent demand, tain by cable or correspondence quite
and sightseers. four other Chinese provinces. Wheat is decidedly strong in all the the correct atmosphere,
country markets. Bids on the basis 01
Oregon Goes to Militia. Marshall's Tree Costly. $1 Coast were made for bluestem, but
San Diego, Cal. The battleship Washington, D. C Desiring to con- larmers asxea ii.uanamore,
Oregon, "the bulldog of the Navy," form to an amiable Indiana custom of
will be turned over to the California allowing no Christmas go by without
naval mtlitia nt. Ran Frnnitiflm On Fh- I a froa VtA PmMMrfanl-. Marahntl uent
nam IK anmnlinff ) nrdari TaoaivaH kia .hatiffaii i Virginia n hrintr una Atlantic Seaboard terminals 18 HOW
Monday by Commander Reeves from Later the vice president
Wheat Outlet Closed.
The embargo on wheat shipments to
Gotham Can Now Eat Horseflesh.
New York Sale of horse meat for
food will be permitted in New York
after January 1, the board of health
announces. Commenting on the rev
ocation of the section of the sanitary
was advised practically complete, and aa the larger code which prohibited the use of horse
Secretary of the Navy Daniels. that his chauffeur had been arrested part of the buying of late has been for meat, Mr. Emerson said that, while
The militia will not have an oppor- far speeding, and the vice president's shipment of that character, the result tne Heaitn department does not exactly
tunity to handle and fire the 13-inch secretary, Mark Thistlewaite, went to is a material subsidence of activity in recommend it, no harm can be seen in
guns on the Oregon, In Commander the rescue. The vice president had the Northwest. Export operations its use. "ine norBe never nas tuner
Reeves' ooinion. because of the heavy his tree in the anartments in the Will- have not entirely ceased, however, and culoeis, and almost never communi
cost of operating these oig pieces ard, but he said that he would advise I it is said there i little buying against cates a malignant disease to human
his chauffeur next time not to be the possibility that the embargo will beings," ne said. tiereaiter 010
such a hurry about it not be of long duration. There 1b also horses will be fattened for meat."
some trade for Eastern muling account,
Santa Will Build Home. but, on the whole, business passing in
and of tbe long course of trainnig re-
German Attack Costly.
Paris "Information received re-
New York-Christmas day brought fe country -is of much smaller volume.
French Call Off Cruiser.
Washington, D. C French embassy
garding the fighting on December 21 the announcement that architects have . . officials, although lacking official word
htMn Ynrea and Armentiers indi- been commissioned to nrenare clans CoaI Boom fcxPM- of the activity of the cruiser Descartes
at that the fiermana sustained a for a monument to Santa Claua In the Chehalis, Wash. Reports of the n West Indian waters, believe that
loss of more than 8000 men without form of a building which will serve aa possible building of railroad through she has been ordered to cease search
ninlncr nv irround." savs a disnatch headauarters in this citv for the Inter- the Cascade mountain! in the vicinity ing American ships on the high seas,
on the northern front. "The fighting national Santa Claus association. The of the Cowlitz Pass have aroused much and that no further search or seizure
waa most severe and a large quantity structure will exemplify the spirit of Interest here, owing to the ownership would be made until diplomatic corre
of asphyxiating gas was used, but the Christmas. The plans will provide for by Chehalis people, and others, of val- spondence over the Coamo, Carolina
English lines remained intact. a liliputian auditorium, where chil- uable anthracite coal deposits in that and San Juan incldenU is closed. They
The attack is tnougnt to nave I dren s plays will oe given, and a Da- vicinity, inese ooioinga may ne soia poim oui um me nuiaricau yivv-
hmn tha nrelude to an offensive or zaar for the free exhibition of new to Eastern coal ODeratore who are look- ably was not delivered in time to reacn
to test the strength of the English toys to encurage the toy-making In- ing for Western property for develop- the Descartes before PurBer William
front." dustry in this country. ment. Many who have examined the Oarde waa tanen irom tne uonnquen.
district declare there Is large tonnage
Silk Hosiery Worn More. Rocks Rolled on Town. of high-grade coal. No coal has ever Big War Melon Is Cut.
Washington, D. C A report of an Rome, via London The following bn shipped from that Peid.
investigation of the hosiery manufac- official statement was issued Monday:
Cleveland, Ohio Directors of the
Grasselll Chemical company Wednes-
Klamath Falls Packing Plant Starts, day cut war melon by declaring an
Klamath Fails, Or. Klamath Falls extra cash dividend of 5 per eent and a
has a meat Dtck he nlant that began special stock divdiend of 10 per cent,
oneration this week. The clant is an in addition to the quarterly dividends
extension of the operations of the of per cent on both common and pre-
raault cotton hoaierv manufacturers Anitre. from overhanging cliffs, with- Klamath Pack he eomDanv. of this ferred stocks.
ara makina leaa nrofit than silk mano- out causing serious damaee. citv. and. in addition to supplying The combined dividend on Dotn com
farturara. American manufacturers "Our arti erv shelled nnmerona Klamath Falls market, it will ship to mon and preferred snares, including
were reported to be making a profit of columns of munition store on the California point. An expert packer the special dividend, have a eash val-
nearly 12 per cent on capital invested. march." I is in charge. I u of approximately $3,000,000.
taring industry by the Department of
Commerce was transmitted to Presi
dent Wilson by Secretary Redfleld.
Americans were found to be wearing
ilk hosiery more and more, and aa a
"Along the Tyrol-Trentlno-Camia
front there ha been an intense artil
lery engagement. Tbe enemy also
rolled enormous boulder on the vil
lage of Loppio, in the valley of the
PLAN TO STORE VEGETABLES
Bruise Form a Place for Decay Germ
to Enter Dry In Sun Bofore
Putting In 8tora,'.
(By R O. WERNER, North Dakota Ex
Vegetables must be stored under the
conditions that will keep them In the
best condition for ubb.
In the first place they should be
handled carefully. Bruises form
place for decay germs to enter. Tbe
vegetables store best If a little Imma
ture. Cabbage, celery and root crops
keep best at low temperature, with
fairly moist atmosphere and good ven-
tllatlon. Onions keep best just above
freezing In a dry atmosphere. Squash
and pumpkins need a dry atmosphere
at about fifty degrees. Celery when
dug Is really transplanted as It has
to be kept growing when in storage.
Dig It with a good deal of soil on the
roots and plant closely In sand
loose damp soil In a cool cellar or pit
The root crops keep best when burled
In sand or soil In a cool place. The
vegetables, excepting celery, will keep
better If well dried In the sun before
Don't Tolerate Weaklings.
In your culling weaklings should
never be tolerated. Kill and bury the
runt and crowheads. Roup is Infec
tious and the weaklings are the one
to first become Infected.
Us of 8oda,
In cooking, It often Bares fuel, time,
and flour. Strong beans, beets, green
peas, or onions require a great deal
ot time tor boiling In order to make
them palatablo, and by adding a gen
erous pinch of soda to the water
which tbey are boiled, they will
come tender In an hour' time without
Injuring the flavor.
Indian and Kaffir Corn.
The two grain, Indian corn and
kaffir corn, are almost Identical In
Use of Soli Auger Farmer Is En
abled to Avoid Much Manual La
bor and Twisting of Back.
A soil auger by means ot which the
farmer may make his horse do the
heavy work of post-hole digging, In
stead ot twisting his own arm and
back muscles, Is here shown. The out-
tit Is simple to operate. The horse
pulls a rope through a grooved pulley,
this action revolving the auger. All
the uger operator has to do Is to
press downward on the handles. When
the auger Is full the horse Is stopped
and the earth shaken out. This Is re
peated until the hole Is of the desired
depth. From 35 to 45 feet ot rope Is
pulled out to complete a three-foot
hole, nine inches In diameter. In mak
ing the first hole, a stake Is driven
Into the ground to fasten the anchor
cable to. After the first hole Is bored, J
an anchor post Is used, the anchor
cabin serving to measure the distance
from hole to hole, as well as to keep
the auger upright during the boring.
Pulling of Rope Revolves Auger.
At one end of the anchor cablo la a
short piece ot chain, the purpose ot
which is to allow the cablo to be
quickly shortened should the auger
begin to lean. Popular Mechanics.
Care Bestowed on It Preparation Will
Be Well Repaid by the Tastlnea
Which I It Characteristic
When Well 8easoned.
The eggplant is nlentlful and at lta
best just now. Well seasoned and
carefully cooked, it may give In many
dlBgutses many varieties to the menu.
Many of the recipes given below are
from southern France, where the egg
plant is the favorite vegetable. When
choosing an eggplant select one of
medium size and firm, otherwise It
may be too ripe and full of grains In
side. However great the virtue of
the eggplant may be, remember that
by Itself it la quite tasteless; so sea
son and season well.
Eggplant Salad. Put in the oven
one eggplant, five green peppers and
two tomatoes. You will bake the
tomatoes first, then the peppers, and
the eggplant last. Gradually skin,
grain and drain oft the above vege
tables. Use a silver knife. Arrange
in a dish. On a moderate fire in a
half cupful ot olive oil fry a small
onion cut Into small pieces and halt
a cupful of olives stoned and cut Into
pieces. When the onion is slightly
brown add everything to the dish. Salt
and pepper to taste and add two table
spoonfuls ot good wine vinegar. To
be eaten cold.
Broiled Eggplant. Cut the eggplant
In two lengthwise. Put in a mar
inate composed ot two tablespoonfula
of olive oil, one teaspoonful Bait, one
half teaspoonful ot pepper and some
parsley. Leave it to marinate tor an
hour or more. Broil and serve with
Fried and Au Gratln. When you
cut an eggplant Into pieces for frying1
or other purposes be sure to sprinkle
it with salt and let It stand under a
weight for about two hours. Drain
oft .the water, dry well and then try.
For the gratln cover with either to
mato or white sauce and bake for
from 15 to 20 minutes.
For Fritters. Soak the pieces two
hours In milk; dry and fry, using the
following recipe for fritter batter: One
cupful flour, two teaspoonful of bak
ing powder, one-fourth teaspoonful
salt, on-fourth cupful milk, two eggs,
one taulespoonful lemon Juice. Sift
the dry Ingredients; add the Well beat
en eggs, lemon Juice and milk. Beat
well. Prepare a few hours ahead.
Stuffed Eggplant. Cut the eggplant
lengthwise. Make Incisions with a
knife, salt and let stand for an hour.
Drain off the water; cut the pulp
and fry It for a few minutes in oil.
Pound well; add four tablespoonfula
ot pounded ham, a teaspoonful ot pars
ley, salt and pepper. Sprinkle with
crumbs, to which may be added some
parmeBan. Put over it a little oil and
bake in an oiled pan for an hour. Ot
course you may use butter instead ot
oil, but the olive oil blends itself bet
ter with the eggplant. If instead of
ham you use hashed mutton, cooked
rice and a bit ot garllo and pimento
you may call this dish "eggplant a la
Eggplant and Tomatoes. Peel tho
eggplants; cut lengthwise in piece
one-halt Inch thick. Salt, let stand
and dry. Put In a pan; cover with a
well seasoned tomato sauce. Cover
tbe pan and cook on a moderate fire
for an hour.
EGGS ARE "FANCY"
When fresh, clear and full
bodied. When shells are sound, clean,
bright and of uniform color.
When they weigh 24 ounces or
more to the dozen.
It pays to produce and market
SWEETEN SOIL FOR ALFALFA
Sourness Can Be Corrected by Appli
cation of Air-Slaked Lime Test
With Litmus Paper.
Alfalfa will not do well on sour or
acid soli, llefore growing alfalfa, the
soil si:ould be tested with blue litmus
paper, which can be secured from a
druggist. Take a handtul of moist
ened earth from a tow inches beneath
the Burface of the ground and press
into a ball. Break this mud ball In
to halves and place a strip ot blue lit
mus on one of the halves and cover
with the other. After five minutes ex
amine the litmus paper, and it it has
changed color from blue to a distinct
pink or becomes spotted with pink
spots, the soli Is acid and noeds lime
tor successful alfalfa growing.
On sour soils from two to four tons
of air-slaked lime or ground lime
stone rock or marl or lime refuse
should be applied. Whatever form is
used It should always be applied to
the surface of plowed land and har
rowed or disked in. It may be put
on In the fall or early spring prior
to seeding the alfalfa. Lime distribu
tors are desirable when large areas
are limed, but with small acreage It
can be conveniently spread with
How to 8pllt a Short Cake.
AlmoBt every housewife knows how
troublesome It Is to split either short
cake or a loaf cake without having it
heavy and soggy, and especially Is
this so when the cake Is hot. I r an
age In this way: As soon as the cake
Is taken from the oven I make a slight
incision with sharp knife where I
want the cake divided. In this I In
sert a strong thread and by holding
one end in each hand I draw the
throad gently backward and forward
until I have the cake divided to my
Table Scraps Good Feed.
The table scraps should be saved
and fed to the hons. Table scraps
make rather a rich feed, and there
fore should not be thrown Indiscrimi
nately before the fowls, but should be
prepared and cooked and ted to them
regularly once a day.
Infortlle eggs produced by flocks In
which there Is no male bird are the
only kind that can reach the consura
er In good condition during the hot
summer months. The only object In
having a male bird In the flock Is to
gei fertile eggs for hatching purposes.
Now that the hatching season Is over,
sell off all the rooster or shut them
away from the hons.
Excellent Chicken Feed.
Swiss chard make excelleut chicken
Leg of Lamb.
Get a leg of lamb, put plate in bot
tom of kettle, place leg of lamb on
top, then dressing pinned up In cloth.
Dip cloth in hot water, flour and place
the drosslng in the middle ot cloth,
tie or pin up tight. Place on top ot
lamb, boll until done, then press lamb
and dressing together and slice when
cold. Take the water lamb was boiled
In, add one carrot, two onions and po
tatoes. Place one-fourth cupful of rice
on stove to cook, add to stew Just be
Materials- Cold roast ot veal, two
cuptuls; one tablespoonful gelatin,
Utensil. Breadpan, saucepan, meat
Direction. Stew pieces of roast In
a little water until tender. Grind or
chop meat and season highly. Dis
solve gelatin In one cupful ot water
in which meat was cooked; mix with
meat and mold In breadpan. Chill and
serve in slices.
Creamed Chipped Beef.
Put one tablespoonful butter In the
frying pan. When melted put In one
fourth pound chipped beef and fry un
til well browned, stirring often to
keep from scorching. Add one pint
milk. When It begins to boll thicken
with one rounding tablespoonful flour
dissolved In a little water. Thl make
the gravy a little brown. Try It and
ee It the flavor isn't better for frying
To Dry Sweater.
Make hammock of a piece of
mosquito netting or any thin material.
Hang outdoors if the sun la shining
and lay the sweater on It Draw the
hammock out flat so the sweater will
not be doubled up. It will never alter
In shape or size when dried In this
way. Hanging a sweater up In any
other way pulls It out of shape or