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About Polk County observer. (Monmouth, Polk County, Or.) 1888-1927 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 30, 1915)
THE POLK COUNTY OBSERVER. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1915.
Published Each Tuesday and Friday.
Office .617-519 Court Street
Telephone. , . . .Main' 19
BY LEW A. CATES.
One Tear.. $1.80
Biz Months. . . ,
No subscription taken unless paid
for in advance. - This Is imperative.
Entered as second-class matter
the Postofflce at Dallas, Oregon.
NEED OF MORE REVENUE.
The need of more revenue for the
government, and how to get it, hare
brought the present democratic ad
ministration to something of a dilem
ma. For some time now government
expenses have exceeded the govern
ment income, which itself is cause
for worry. In addition to this, it
practically is a foregone conclusion
that congress at it's coming session
will decide on a program of greate;
military preparedness, meaning anoth
er large expense for the government
and calling for additional revenue
that simply must be provided, in some
way or other. ,
Two things are plainly responsible
Jfor the fact that Ithe government
revenue nas zaiiea io Keep up wixu
government needs the disturbance to
foreign trade on account of the great
European war, and the reduction of
the tariff by the last congress. As a
consequence there has been a deficit
on the first of July of nearly $50,-
000,000, and it is steadily piling up.
The cash balance in the treasury is
now down to about $100,000,000 and
it is decreasing steadily from day to
day. It is manifest that the Wilson
administration must "strike the rock
of the nationul. resources" as Hainil
ton did to the end that "streams of
Irevenue may gush forth. ' '
But the president is opposed to any
increase in tariff taxes. His party is
committed against that and so, ap
parently, the easiest door for the
least unpopular kind of taxation is
closed. But if we are to spend large
ly increased sums of money in blind
ing sIhpb and organizing an army,
'. we must find some way to pay for it.
The people are not going to take
kindly to a retention of the "war
tax" in a time of peoce. The little
all proportion to the amount of rev-
nue produced. A bond issue to pay
the current expenses of the govern,
ment proved unpopular in Cleveland's
lay and would make people wince
again. The income tax might be tin
-nnBA In Pant ia llL-alir tn ko An
'export tax on war munitions could be
made to give to the government
part of the huge profits now being
made bv American manufacturers or
war materials. But when all is said
ana mme, iiiv mum is uiii
to find it very hard to avoid a grow
ing 'deficit and eventually a bond is
sue, unless President Wilson backs
water on his tariff position and gives
his consent to an advance in certain
tariff taxes for revenue purposes.
" '' For these reasons, the recommenda
tions of the president on the matter
of government revenue will attract
more attention than any other por
tion of his forthcoming message to
congress. And according to Wash
ington reports (he president is giving
many hours of anxious thought to
this problem, and regards it as on
of the most difficult questions he hasj
faced since he assumed his present'
In a plea for every man and woman
in the United Stntos. to join in a
movement for annual or other peri
odic medical examination of them
selves, this movement to lie formally
launched on December 8, the Nationul
Association for the Study and Pre
vention of Tuberculosis presents fig
ures in a bulletin issued (recently
which show that very nearly 100 per
cent of the supposedly well people of
the Tinted States over 30 years of
age have some physical defect or im
pairment. About 70 per cent of these
impairment were of a more or less
serious nature. There were besides
about 30 per eent of defects of a
minor character. '
The figures which the National as
sociation presents are based upon Hie
careful studies made by the Life F.x
tcnslon 'institute among two highly
specialird groups of people, the first
group consisting of workers in the
Ford Motor company of Detroit, and
the second group consisting, of em
ployes of commercial bouwj. banks
and trust companies in New York.
The records of these examinations
show that practically none f those
examined, men and women, are nor
mal in the strict sense nfthe word.
Another striking fart in the examina
tion is that only 10 per ceit of those
who were impaired were aware that
there was anything the matter with
them. This fact alone, the National
Tuberculosis association point out, is
sufficient to make every man and wo
man in the United States give care
ful consideration to the necessity for
at least one physical inventory of bis
entire body a year. , . '
URGING PEACE CONFERENCE.
Mrs. Henry Ford, wife of the De
troit automobile magnate, has con
sented to finance a new movement in
tended to hasten the restoration of
peace in Europe, through the calling
of a peace conference ot neutral na
tions to discuss the possibility oi tind-
ine a just settlement of the war.
furtherance of this project Miss Jane
Addams of Chicago, president ot the
Women's Peace party, has dispatched
about 10,000 telegrams to the local
president of women's clubs in every
state and section of this country, sug
gesting an immediate telegraphic ap
nea! to President Wilson to call
Deace conference of neutral nations.
This evidently is intended to supple
ment and join with other similar
movements having in view the calling
of a neutral peace conference. And
unquestionably it is hoped to put so
much pressure on President Wilson
that he will feel under obligation to
ioin this movement by officially issu
ing the call, as requested. Conceding
there is practically a universal desire
fon the restoration or peace, however,
(and this applies to the people of the
fighting nations no less than to neu
tral countries), the lurther tact snouia
not be overlooked that there also is
such a thing as unwarranted outside
meddling at an inopportune time a
mistake that might do more harm than
good. There is nothing as yet to
show 'that the belligerent nations are
sufficiently ready for peace to make
concessions that would promise to be
satisfactory to the other side, and not
much chance of peace until this point
reached. Ill other words, while
both sides naturally desire peace.
neither side is sufficiently victorious
to dictate terms to the other, and
neither side sufficiently exhausted to
be willing to accept harsh and arbi
trary terms imposed by the other side.
Both are anxious for peace, but each
stubbornly determined to "fight it
out" until it either is whipped and
thus compelled to submit to dictation.
or until the other side is placed in
This being so, it goes without say-
that anv outside movement to
luierco t ie neuieerenis wuum w
o-arded'bv the latter as perniciously
meddlesome, and such movement prob
ably would meet with speedy rebuff,
no matter how good the intentions
mieht be. It is a case that parallels
onr own experience during -the. civil
war, for if neutral nations had urged
a settlement of the- war while the lat
ter was in progress1 both sides unques
tionably would Save,- responded:
Mind your own business, or some-
thins to that effect. And this situa
tion has its counterpart in Europe to
day, where neither side s truly ready
for peace, although hoping tor ano
anticipating the time when peace , will
he restored. However, no,, harm proD-
ably will result from the activities of
individuals and organisations in try
ing to encourage and promote peace
talk and peace movements.
Next Saturday, which will be the
fourth dv of December, will mark
the closing of the Panama-Pacific In
ternational eygttion at San Francis-
,. ,i scored a tremendous
success both frofy an durational and
from the financial standpoint. And in
connection with tb'e. official closing
certain ceremonies will be observed
tbal. "undoubtedlywill attract wide
spread attention and arouse much in
terest. At noon on that day, for in
stance, it lias been arranged that an
ternntionol toast will be presented
bv President- Wilson, and all nations.
organizations and institutions partic-
patine in the exposition will he asK-
ed to join in this toast at the exact
hour of noon. San rranmro time.
The toast itself, it is announced, will
he a " message of peace and good will
o all mankind," calculated to inspire
thoughts of world peace, world ser
vice and world patriotism.
The arrangement of this ceremony
was a happy tnougiu, anu uu
iiiortune time possibly could have
lun eolected for carrvintr it out. It
has been worth something to the
world that while all of hurope has
been engaged in the destruction of
lives and property, and in exhibiting
he worst passions of the human race.
America has been exemplifying to the
world the beauties and advantages
of peace. ' While Europe has been
prostrate. America has entered into
a season of unprecedented prosperity.
which is growing larger and larerr
with the passing months. The San
Yaneiseo exposition has been the
medium through wmen aimn s mis
sion in the world has been displayed,
and the service planned for the fourth
of" December is as fitting as it is
The second monthly Sales day. and
the first under the auspices or the
Dallas Commercial club, held last Sat
urday, was pronounced success, al
though the attendance might have
heen much larger. It showed, how
ever, what the persistency of one man ,
may accomplish. Mr. Davis original
ly undertook to promote this institu
tion, and later when it became a com
iuunity affair that gentleman was
named chairman of the commercial
organization committee which took
hold of the work and carried it to suc
cess. And that the succeeding event
will prove even more complete than
that of last Saturday there can be lit
tie doubt. The fanners of the rural
realm are co-operating with their city
brethren and if this continues along
the line on which they have started
Sales day will not only become a per
manent community institution, but
will be one of the biggest and best
of its kind in the Willamette valley.
To the committee in charge of the af
fair much credit is due for its until'
When business was prostrated.
more than a year ago, and the wail
of the pessimism prevailed throughout
the land, the electrical industry, with
its investment of approximately $3,
000,000,000, sensing a demoralized
trade condition, determined to switch
the public mind from gloomy forebod-
lnes, and as a result Llectncal Pros
perity week was developed with the
sole thought of wiping the fellow pos
sessing that depressed feeling off the
map. The magnitude or this impor
tant event, which this week reigns
supreme in every community through
out the land, is a great big example
of what can be accomplished by co
operative effort. Although the coun
try has passed back to prosperity
through a logical chain of influences,
the promoters of Electrical Prosperi
ty week did mueh in restoring busi
ness to normal conditions, having the
endorsement and hearty support of
other great industries in their under
taking. When the present week is
a matter of history, it may be said
with truthv that, the initiative and en
terprise of the electrical industry has
again been asserted.
But. Electrical Prosperity week ac
complis'hes more than this. It shows
how industry may take advantage ot
recent progress in applying electricity
to improving business conditions, and
epecially as regards -'transportation,
power, light, safety, cleanliness and
economy in production and distribu
tion. In the language of Thos. A
Edison, ' ' never in its history has elec
tricity offered such wonderful help in
every commercial department of life.
It promises horseless, smokeless, dirt
less, noiseless cities; and so many big
economic revolutionary thing3 that it
would take a volume even to list
William Jennings Bryan is a good
illustration of a man possessing the
confidence of a large following, final
ly wearing out the patience and trust
of the very men who have backed
him. He is a great talker' and
small doer; and is most seriously
lacking, like all great talkers, in that
constructive common sense that mares
all true statesmen. Bryan has talk
ed himself to death politically.
An exchange says there will be no
typographical errors in heaven. This
information is sufficient in itself to
cause the worried publisher to forth
with seek everlasting salvation; and
especially so when he glances over
his sheet fresh from the press and
finds pottering spelled "puttering,"
and incensed "incenced."
About the only thing not yet affect
ed by the European war is the Sunday
paper comic supplements. Ihe origi
nators of funny pictures apparently
see no chance to work the war into
their line of business.
The European war has added to the
proserity of this laid, but the Eifr
opeans are paying a terrible price
for extending us this favor.
BRICK BUILDING TO GO UP.
Frame Destroyed by Fire Recently
Will Be Replaced.
A new two-storv brick building will
be erected on the site of the recent
fire at Independence, and a clean-up
of the premises is already under way.
The remains of the Fowler restaurant
are being removed and the charred
timber, warped pipes and tin cans
that marked the scene of the disas
trous fire of several weeks ago, will
soon entirely disappear. E. Fluke of
the fluke Johnson grocery com
pany is snid to be the man behind the
operation, but several other person
are interested with Mr. Fluke. A mod
ern two-story building will be erect
ed, large enoneh to accommodate the
business houses that were forced out
bv the fire.
"Put in the Brick."
In the matter of the mail our tn-
cle Samuel has some peculiar rules.
for instance the foreman ot the tn-
terprise mailed a package of printed
matter to Thomas Prince of Dundee.
(a distance of about three miles) this ;
week at a cost of 23 rents. The gen- j
tlemanly clerk stated that, bad the ,
parkas weighed one and one-half
pounds more, the postage would have i
been but 9 rents! So it seems that I
half a brick could hare been tied up
inside that parkase and a dear fav
ine of 14 cents made thereby in pos-!
tagc Xewberg Enterprise. J
A Rare and Curiftus Collection
of Fact tnd Fancy.
The other night the writer stood
in the presence of a small assemblage
of Elks when the dial told of the
dying day, and obedient to the custom
of that fraternity 'they paused to unite
in a salutation of sweet remembrance.
And we pondered auew over the grac
ious custom proclaimed by the eleven
cliimes, which is to recognize an hour
tor the direction of thoughts toward
absent brothers, 'toward friends of
other days; for reflection upon their
virtues, and' for expression of hopes
as to their wellbeing.; lie they cross
ed in adversity or joyous affluence,
Elks' send to each at this stated hour
the message that absence shall but
endear and that affliction shall but in
tensify their lasting friendship. A si
lent toast is " mythically dirunk. (to
those suffering 'the burdens of sick
ness and distress, t) those denied the
companionship of friends, to those
weary and far from home. They drink
to youth and age, to those in the
portals of promise, and to those in
the vale or long shadows, 'to those
crouched in anguish 'neath the majes
tic wing of death, and to all in every
land, who, under infirmity, dwell in
the twilight of peace. They drink to
those from among their number who
have gone to that bourne from whence
no 'traveler returns, and in memory's
hour pray that they may cluster
round, as in days agone, to listen to
the supplication ithat he who guides
o 'er all the universe shall
"Lead us on,
O'er moor and fen, o'er crag and tor
'Till nisht is gone.
And with the morn, 'those angel faces
Which we have loved long since and
It was the well-taught lesson of
brotherly love, the fundamental prin
ciple upon which 'this great fraternal
organization, the influence ot which
is felt 'throughout the civilized world,
is founded. It was a lesson worthy
Breeze Gibson says it's a good
thing to give thanks before we eat
the Thanksgiving dinner, because it's
pretty hard to get up a thankful feel
'Mid the excitement of a late fire
the other night, H. C. Seymour and
Dr. Starbuck played the O. A. L.-
U. of 0. football game over again.
The fire was out long before 0. A. C.
established an alibi.
Life's Two Mirrors.
The mirror that time holds up to
you today tells a tale, a pretty story
of a life that has just begun; of
hope and happiness; of illusion and
mystery; of youth and impulse; of
fun and tolly. But sometime in the
by-and-by he will hold up another
mirror before your face, and yon will
not want to look. It will tell a tale
of a life well-nigh spent, of patience
and knowledge; of endurance . of hap
piness and understanding; of wasred
opportunities ; of deeds that are done
and cannot be undone, and -perhaps
of remorse and repentance.
Orville Schultz was on his high
horses lost week, and those same
horses were certainly some travelers.
We have Orville 'g solemn oath that
he rode 475 miles, in thirty minutes.
That dogone horse must 'a rambled
"When you mention the world
beating 0. A. C. hens," says C. B.
Williams, the sportive railroader and
telephoner, "1 must beg to remark
that there are some chickens in Inde
pendence. ' '
District Attorney Sibley says he
will see that the county vaults, where
confiscated liquors are kept, are as
"dry" after January 1 as any of the
city's well-known depositories.
Heavy Tax For Independence.
A twenty-mill tax levy was author
ized by the city council of Indepen
dence on Friday evening, when the
vote of the previous meeting was rat-
tied. Councilman Faddock was the
only dissenting voter, he maintaining
that an eighteen mill tax was suffic
ient. It seems to be a general opin
ion that the twenty-mill lew was nec
essary in view of the conditions that
confront the city administrators this
year, but with a cautious regulating
of the affairs of the city, hereafter,
such a tax will not be required again.
Twtce-a-Week Observer SI. 50 a Tear.
REMEDIES ARE THE BEST
HEALING AGENTS KNOWN
FOR DISEASES OF HORSES.
CATTLE, HOGS, SHEEP AND
Dr. Korineck's Tonics
HAKE BETTER LIVESTOCK
FOR SALE BT
MAIN STREET, CORNER MILL
Dallas Grocery Co.
Asks a Continuation of the Old
" Firm's Business.
We are out after, new bus
iness. Give1 us a7 trial.
We give ifcC Green Trad
Star Transfer Co.
WE MOVE ANYTHING
THAT IS MOVEABLE
G. A. & L. C. MUSCOTT & A. P. STARR, Props.
Phone Stands: Webster's Confectionery 511 Ellis' Confectionery 1062
Barn 1074 ,
Business Man's Proposition
We are desirous of forming a connection with
a strictly representative man in your city. High
class guaranteed income proposition. Applicants
will be required to furnish first-class references
and invest a small amount. ,
No local corporation can furnish such an at
tractive proposition with such sure returns on
This business, established since 1910, is de
manding the greatest attention of investors, par
ticularly from bankers, .retired capitalists, farm
ers and men active in business.
Active live wires who are successful are the
men we want to have associated with us.
tYour most careful investigation solicited.
Write or wire. Address
DESK E, 363 EAST OREGON ST.
HEN in need of
lights and Batteries, Pock
et Cutlery, Bicycles, Mo
torcycles, Sundries, Blast
ing Powder, Gun Repair
ing, Umbrella Repairing,
Bicycle and Motorcycle Re
dairing, or in fact any light
Mechanical Repairing, call
L. B. HIXSON, Jr.
315 MAIN ST.
The Observer,. Twlce-l-Week pa
per, costs no more than a weekly.
Each thm ftof of if dan. 1
wptmJid gradm at 2 cfiffcm
- ' and
7. Kimd With Urn fW
. SOLD tr U)
DALLAS MEAT COMPANY.
Simoniton & Scott.
High - Class
You Our Esti
mates of the cost of the lumber yon reqnirt
yon can depend upon it that the fig
ures will be as low u first-clan, well
seasoned lumber can be told for hon
estly. If yon pay more yon pay too
much. If yon pay less yon get less
either in quality or quantity.
AF THE OBSERVER