Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1903)
HOWAItll IllllMVM, l'libs.
' k " ' i ' " '
COTTAGE GROVE. . . OREGON.
If you would bo man of mnrk, lot
tlio tattoo nrtlat got Ms work In on
A dealer In old Iron may know noth-
Ins of prlto fights, yet lie's familiar
with-icrapn, h f t
fllr William Kingston nays ttioro Is
dangor In the .surgeon's knife. We
hava for some time suspected as much.
It's wonderful how rosy It Is for a
Ismail man to swnllow his n tiger when
(tlio other fellow happens to bo
Just as tlio I'acinc cable Is being laid
Marconi has Axed things so that cables
!aro not needed. Why couldn't ho have
made his plans public n little earlier?
Bitting Hull's son now stands on a
(western railroad embankment ns tlio
Imoth-o power of a shovel. In the long
Jrun'tlic spado Is mightier than the
Although the pnragraphers arc aware
stliat the name of the new Trench niln-
Ilster to Venezuela Is Welner, none of
Itbcni has yet suggested that ho Is
probably the Wurst..
The cake walk has been exported to
$Parls, and, like many California wines,
J will doubtless bo Imported after a llttlo
as tho genuine French article. They
j call It the danse du gateau.
'$ An Ann Arbor professor has dlscovcr
o,ed seven new posons. The old favor
Keg, however, will still continue In de
";mnud. and answer all legitimate and
Illegitimate purposes of destruction.
Dr. IO rent says be Is going to work
only half tho time after he Is GO years
old. Dr. Lorcnx Isn't working on a
railroad. If he were he might be glad
to have a chance to work even a quar
ter of the time after ho has had his
000; United States. 70,000,000: Her-
many, 60.000,000: Austria, 47.000,000
Japan, 43,000,000; United Kingdom,
4,000,000. In Tiir Ihese countries cx
cept tho United States the Increase
from deendo to decado Is for the most
I part from the native stock. Of the
united States It Is said that Its popu-
latlon would decline If It were not for
Immigration, and this fact or nssumiv
tlon Is treated In quite an nlarmtug
stylo by J. Weston, a writer for the
Nineteenth Century, whoso article is
entitled "Tho Weak Spot In tho Amcr
lean' Itcpflbllc.'' " Mr: Weston appeals
to statistics to show that In Mnssnehu
setts there ro 1,7-13,710 persons of
foreign birth and foreign parentage In
a total population of 2,S00.310, "The
population of Illinois," he adds, "Is
4,821,550. Of these 000,747 are foreign
bom and 1,4PS,473 of foreign parent
age, so that the proportion of genulno
Americans In this typical Western
State Is no greater than It Is In Ponn-
sylvanls. In California It Is less. The
native element Is stronger In the
South, but It Is not due to the produc
tiveness of tho American, but to the
productiveness of the Negro." Taking
the country ns a whole, the foreign
birth date has gained on the American
birth rate until It la four to one. It Is
the rule for families to decline as they
arc more and more removed from their
foreign origin. "Nowhere, not even
In France, Is (he problem so serious
as It Is In the United States. History
may bo searched In vain to And a par
allel for a country dependent on for
eigners for Its vital strength." Mr.
Weston does not go Into tho causes of
the decline, bnt be quotes approvingly
from a writer In the Papular Science
Monthly as follows: "We have not so
many people as we should have had It
Immigration had uoter come to us and
tbo native stock had continued their
old rato of Increase." It Is a question.
however. If this old rate would have
been continued, nnd It Is doubtful If
there Is much force In Mr. Weston's
warning that "only homogeneous peo
ples ever become great." Homogen
eous at most Is only a relative term.
and the French, whom be does not
rank among the great are perhaps
nearer homogeneous than tho British.
PIRATES IN HISTO.tY.
A man who bad lived by begging,
who bud slept In ash barrels, and
whose clothes were the cast-off gar
ments .of other people, died In Toron
to tho other day, leaving $100,000
cash. This proves conclusively that It
can t be taken along.
Advertisements signed by a Shanghai
Chinaman which have recently appear
ed la some of our American periodical
have a quaint, delightful flavor of that
wisdom which Is world-wide. "I want
smart youth sell my Chinese curios,"
announces the Shanghai man. "If he
catch much business, be earn many
cash." This Is worthy or Ben Frank
lin himself. To be sure. Franklin
x-'.iild have used different words, but
ht could not have stated the fact more
.ijraham Kuan Dovlett, who has re
cently been appointed Persian ambas
sador at Athens, Is said to be the first
ambassador sent from Persia to Greece
since Darius sent heralds In 401 B. C,
to demand earth and water from the
Greeks as symbols of submission to
him. The Athenians made arrange
ments to welocme the Persian this time
with Imposing ceremonies, as they do
not intend to kill him, as their ances
tors did the messenger of Darius. Al
though Persia has had no minister In
Greece for more than twenty centuries.
It has been represented In Athens by
a consul In recent years.
The "affair of honor." ns the duel Is
called In France, Is, fortunately, dis
reputable In tho United States. Never
theless, this country has Its own af
fairs of truest honor. A New York
banker, who eight years ago was over
whelmed In a financial crash, recently
paid tho $700,000 from which the bank
ruptcy courts bad relieved him. In
1601 he was so poor that he bad to
borrow money for a railway fare. To
day, by honorable business methods,
he Is again a millionaire. Somo years
ago another New York banker, who
had once failed for a large amount,
gave a dinner to all his former credit
ors. Under each plate, attached to the
name card, was a check covering the
debt and Interest which. In honor, al
though not bound by law, he owed to
The child bom In the United States
a hundred years lience will live longer
than the child born In 1000. Tbat Is
to say, bis chances of greater longev
ity will be assured under normal con
ditions of birth and living. This does
not interest the youngsters bora In
1000 or those bora In 1800, but It Is
the most Important fact disclosed by
the vital statistics of the- twelfth cen
sus. It shows that the average length
of life In the United States Is slowly
but steadily Increasing. Ten years ago
the average length of life was thirty
one years, while the last census shows
It to bo thirty-two. This means If
tbo same rate of Increase Is maintain
ed that the average length of life In
the year 2000 will be forty-two years,
aud, Incidentally of course, the num
ber of centenarians, as well as those
who pass the scriptural milestone of
threescore and ten, will be greatly In
creased. While this advance of one
year In length of life In a decade may
strike tho ordinary Individual as very
slow progress, If he will only keep In
mind the littleness of a century when
It cornea to measuring the ago of tho
human raco he will Hud himself grow
ing very skeptical as to whether such
a rapid Increase can be maintained.
Much less significance attaches to the
figures giving the number of centen
arians In this country In 1000, for an
occasional centenarian may be found
in localities that appear to prcseut few
conditions favorable to longevity. The
Important conclusion to be drawn
from tho vital statistics Is that the
conditions of life, Including a wider
observance of hygienic and sanitary
taws, are growing more favorable to
longevity of tho American people.
After China and India the order of
tho more populous countries of the
world Is: European Itussla, 100,000,-
Their Works Lin After Thorn In Ex
There was a world-wide gulf be
tween Drake and Morgan; but It was
Spanish ferocity tbat taught the bucca-
ncers their bloody trade; and bestial as
they were, they were not utterly dca
plcable, for they fought marvelously.
L'Olonnols at Maracalbo, Morgan sack
ing Panama with his 1,200 ruffians.
put the fear of death Into the
Spaniards. Hut neither Spaniard nor
buccaneer could stop the growth of
commerce and civilization, and early
la the eighteenth century the great
fleets that followed L'Olonnols and
Morgan bad dwindled to a crazy ship
or two commanded by such overrated
scoundrels as the "pirates of New
Providence," petty rascals, whose loot
was generally as paltryas their crimes.
There has been a curious conspiracy
among those who have written upon
the subject to exaggerate the wicked
ness of these men; as If their truculent
swagger, their blood-curdling violence
of language, bad served to Impose
upon their modern biographers as well
as to Intimidate the degenerated sailor-
men of their own day. Howard Pyle,
of Wilmington. Del., published One of
the latest histories of their exploits
under the title of "The Buccaneers and
Marooners of America." From this we
learn that Captlan William KIdd, who
was hanged at Execution Dock In 1701
never killed anybody but his own gun
ner, whose skull he crushed with a
bucket According to "The General
History of the Pyrates," published by
Captain Charles Johnson In 1724, bis
greatest booty amounted to about 8.
000. Captain Edward Teach, otherwise
Blackboard, tbe Bristol prlvateersman.
who sailed from New Providence as a
pirate In 1717, "stands par excellent
(sic) In an unique personalty of bis
own. Here Is bis description: "Ills
board was black, which be suffered
to grow of an extravagant length; as
to breadth. It came up to bis eyes. He
was accustomed to twist It with rib
bous In small tails, after tbe manner
of our Itamlllles wigs, and turn tbem
about his ears. In time of action he
wore a sling over bis shoulders with
three brace of pistols hanging In hol
sters like bandoleers, and stuck light
ed matches under his hat, which, ap
pearing on each side of his face, made
blm altogether sucb a' figure that Im
agination cannot form an Idea of a
fury from bell to look more frightful."
Yet only a few years ago Just such a
figure might have been . encountered
In the public streets on any Qtb of
November. W. J. Fletcher, In the
OPINIONS OF GREAT
ON IMPORTANT SUBJECTS
Tlio Migration to town.
HR Increase of urban population nt the expense of
the rural population Is commonly deplored, but n
closer study of tho character of the depletion of
country districts Is desirable. Statistics tu the gross
tell us very little about tho real nature of tho migra
tion from country to town. There are ns many farmers In
the country ns ever, the l-omlon Times contends, the. per
sons that have gone from tbe rural districts to the cities
being, In fact, not farmen or farm laborers, but mechanics
who formerly produced locally what Is now manufactured
more cheaply at a few centers of Industry. "Seventy years
ago, says tho Time, "country districts had to bo self
sufficing to n far greater extent than at present Com
munications were Imperffcct nnd many things had to bo
produced on the spot which are now more economically
produced In urban centers nnd more cheaply delivered to
the consumers. Therefore, a large rural population whtch
was never engaged In rural labor, but only In supplying
those who were so engaged, Is transferred to tho towns.
The transfer does not renlly nrguo any such general with
drawal of agricultural laborers from agricultural labor as
Is sometimes assumed nnd bewailed. To a considerable ex
tent It argues only wholesale lustend of retail production.
and easy Instead of dltllcult distribution. Machinery has'
Invaded even agriculture, and by lucrvaslng tho ctllc'.ency
of the ludlvldual has enabled agricultural work to be don
by a smaller number of hands."
There Is another fact which militates against the com
mon view that agrtcultur Is restricted by tho desertion of
agriculturists. Where agriculture .Is a prosperous business
aud offers large rewards there seems to bo no lark of men
to carry It oil The rush for Oklahoma a few years (go,
like the present Influx of farmers and laborers Into Canada,
shows that agriculture still attracts. In tho South tho
towns have grown rapidly, but not. It appear, at the ex
pense of the real farmlug population. The mechanics that
served the local population may have left the country dis
tricts, but not a large proportion of tho tillers of tho soil.
No doubt the high wages offered by municipalities and by
some manufacturers, together with the attraction of easier
city life, bring many to town, but this movement has, per
haps, been exaggerated. Baltimore Suu.
the people, make access to tbo markets easier. Increase
business and enhance (ho value of farm lauds,'' That this
Is tho view which ninny If not most of the IVnusylvnnla
farmers take Is shown by tlio fact that thn Htntc tlrimgo )
DENMARK'S OIIEAT CATHEDRAL,
Historic "mictimrv with lbs lteitielns
of Killers tint llosklldc,
Tho-greut cathedral ,r Deilinntk Is
situated about eighteen inlloa west of
Copenhagen In tlio lltli town of ltos
klldo, where In former day wns it
royal residence. llosklldo I on llio
main railway lino running across Zen
laud to Kursour, lh llttlo port on tho
Great Belt, from whence Out boats
snll for Kiel nnd Nyborg, It Is n very
quiet tittle town of 0,000 Inhabitants,
tho picturesque houses looking very
humble beneath tlio lowering mass of
To Mnk Ilfllrr Kiiml UomW,
Thn roMtoUlco Ih'tmrtmcut ln
lint .Mil luiil fnl -Intti.ltn- oil tllil Itf .
sclWmn undpr consideration which, If
Iho hill which drop preclpllouslydowu nlplcd, will help tn do nwny with tho
i. i,-.,! i... t 1. 1, ...... i v ,-.!, ii,,,. c,r'i ii... ii..i .., ii. r.,..i it mu I'ad road to m found In many parts
strnngo to see so grand a pllo built en-, " '"" 1 "' """ "'.
tbo $2,000,000 expenditure. There Is some difference of
opinion as to how the money la to be raised, and there aro
formidable obstacles In the way of creating mi effective
good roads system for tho State. But with united senti
ment as, to the mnln question there should bo no very seri
ous dimcultles to prevent Inaugurating satisfactory action.
Pennsylvania Is well situated to carry out such n seiieme.
King llaruld Bliiatiind
century, was of wood.
In the lentil
This wns fot
It Is n wealthy State. It has ample source from which Iho lowed In tbo next century by n build'
necessary mouey can tie drawn without Inflicting hardship , lug consisting of n nave and two
or Injustice on any ouo and It has n largo surplus In Us j nlsles, constructed of limestone. Tlio
treasury which can tie minted ror tho puimc goon, u is
well placed to Jolu the good roads proeesslou. Troy Times.
Tbe keeper In attendance on a guest
at a Norfolk shooting party recently
looked on with disgust at the gentle
man's erratic marksmanship. Ho was
banging away here, there and every
where, but no birds felt
"Aim 'igber, sir," advised tbe keeper.
Still the birds flew untouched.
"It ain't tbe gun, sir, and It ain't tbe
cartridges," remarked tbe Norfolk man.
Try shuttln' your right eye Instead of
the left, sir."
But not a pheasant felL
Tbe keeper scratched bis bead.
"Tbe birds Is very strong on the wing
this year," be remarked, "but there's
one more chance. If I was you, sir, I
should 'ave a pop with both eyes shut."
A Simple Huggesilon.
Yes, he built a cannon In accord
ance with tbe principles of bis Inven
tion aud It cost a great deal of money."
"I want to know."
"It did. And when It was all done
he didn't have money enough to Are
'Money to Are It Gee whiz, but tbat
seems awful extravagant! Why didn't
be touch It off with a match?" Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
Nearly every wife says to her bus-
band: "I've taken a good deal from
you, and I suppose I'll take a good
deal more, but thero's ono thing I
won't stand, and you might as we!!
When a man Is In lovo he doesn't
know axle grease from butter.
Winning tho right with Consumption.
Hi: decline In the death rate by consumption from
2.M per 1,000 In 1800 to 1.87 In UHX) proves the sur
prising advance In tbe success with which the "white
death" Is now fought nnd conquered. Most of this
chauge has been wrought by common seuso meth
ods of treating the disease. Yet the figures In detail seem
to demolish the theory of some extremists that climate has
little to do with cure. Damp Ithode Island Is, so far as
white population Is concerned, the State where consump
tion most rages; "acclimated" natives suffer less than Im
migrants, and of the foreign born those are least suscept
ible who come from Eastern Europe, and who were there
habituated to a "Continental climate" like our own In Its
variations of beat nnd cold.
The three hygienic specifics, rest, good food and outdoor
air with a favorable climate Is possible, and safeguards
against Infection, will yet rob consumption of most of Its
remaining terrors. New York World.
Stop tho Handshaking,
N New Year's Day. President ltoosevelt was mado to
stand before a surging mass of men nnd women Mr
three hours nnd n half and to shake the bands of
0.SX) of his fcllow-crcnturcs. There are many rldlcu
lous things In this world of ours, but Is there any
thing more ridiculous than thntl In Its origin tho custom
of handshaking wns reasonable and even necessary. Meu
wero almost savage In those distant days, and when two
of them wished to hold converse each gar tbo other his
weapon-wielding hand as n pledge of a truce In their nor
mal relations, which were hostile. But nowadays not even
the ttmldest soul that ever shuddered over the thought of
sudden .death would suspect President Hoostvelt of an In
tention to murder htm, and If the President should find nn
assassin In the throng at a reception tho nvoldd handshake.
as was proved In the case of I"resldent McKluley, would
not prepare him for his danger. Such an expetleuco as the
President was compelled to submit to on New Year's Day
does uobody any good, and It Is nu Imposition upon his good
nature and a menace to his health.
Mark Twain says somewhere that the only reason pcoplo
go up Pike's Peak Is to say that they bavo beeu there, but
as for himself, Lo could say that Just as well without taking
tbo trouble to make the ascent Let the sentimental people
who want to tell their neighbors that they have shaken tlio
hand of the President of the United States go ahead and
say so, but In the namo of common senso let them spare tho
President tbe ordeal of gratifying tbrlr vanity. Chicago
Good Road Movement.
PENNSYLVANIA Is waking up to the importance of
good roads also and Is discussing a proposition to
spend ? 2,000,000 In highway Improvement The
Pennsylvania farmers, like their brethren elsewhere
are realizing that they have a special Interest In this
matter, ns It concerns tbem more directly than It ilnn.
one else. The Philadelphia Itc-ord puts the case concisely
when It says: "Good roads facilitate Intercourse araonir
Money the Blood of Civilltiitiort.
ONEY la to civilization what blood Is to Iho animal
body, the carrier. Mouey Is In portable and per
manent form tho equivalent of labor and useful
ness. Where there Is no mouey tho farmer raises
what ho can, and that has to do him. If thcro Is
a shortage ho suffers. If there Is a surplus he saves It for
the next year. But ho can never get tery far abend, for
He can never accumulate more tlinn enough to keep him a
few years. His crops will rot In bis granaries after a short
while, and having no wenlth he has no leisure. Conse
quently be does not Improve In cither social or Intellectual
But If there Is money In circulation tbt whole world be
comes his neighbor. His surplus crop can be turned Into
coin which, will bring him various commodities from other
climes. Ill's life becomes more varied, more elegant He
can travel, for he may carry with him what will pny bis
way. He can accumulate enough to educato bis children
and to give hlmulf nnd them power. Money creates com
mcrce and commerce goes Into strange lands, develops new
regions, carries Ideas back aud forth, enlarges tho scope of
every nuninu ueing. Han l-ranclsco llulratln.
tlroly of red brick, but tbo cathedral nwJor appointed In the rural fro.,
of lto.kll.le Is of this material within u" "r.f ,nr . ' ' , . , .
and without. iu " ,u" l,rt lo. t'vr,v1,, wl,ul!,.,,r ",(:
rouun uver which 11 is irifiNi. rurui
curriers shall travel aro tit.
At present tho department Is swamp
ed with the complaints of thn rural car
riers about tlio condition of tlio raulu
over which they are oxpocM to carry
the mall. Tbo department has had no
way of making thn mud supervisors
, bettor tho condition or thn nuili. Miw
'it Is proposed to ask Congress for au
thority to abolish tlio rural routes that
Include parts of bad. roads nnd not to
re-establish tbem until they bavo been
so repaired ns to make It possible for
an ordinary horso lo drag nu ordinary
' vehicle over tho roadbed In tho full
ptcHcnt building Is believed to have
been commenced In 1210, when Peter
Suueson wns bishop of llusklldo.
All the Danish royal family nru laid
to rest In lloskllde; the word "burled"
is scarcely applicable, for tho royal re
mains merely stand In great rotllus In
tho various chapels on the north and
south sides of the cathedral.
Ono of the chapels Is dedicated to
Christian IV. -ono of Denmark's most
famous kings, who lived In the latter
part of the sixteenth nnd the tlrst half
of the seventeenth centuries. The
chnpel was built party after tho king's
own design between Klin and 1020.
but the mural paintings were added
Inter by Christian VIII. In the naval
battle of Femnru the king lost nu eye,
and fell fainting from loss of blood.
Christian IV. 's cotlln Is of oak, cov
ered with black velvet, and ornament
ed with silver plates on the sides, ami
a crucifix nnd the king's sword on the
top. Tho colttn nearest his Is that of
Queen Anirn Catherlun, tbo ilrst con
sort of Christian IV., and another be
longs to the Prince Christian, who was
elected successor, hut died before bis
During (juccn Alexandra's recent
visit to Denmark most of the mem
bers of the royal party nt Beruslnff
visited Itoskllde Cathedral on the mi-
ulvorsnry day of the death of the Into
Queen of Denmark. The colli n Is cov
ered with wrcutht. and the one setit
iy Queen Victoria n few years ago.
though withered, I still kept with the
others which cover the collln.
and spring months.
The duty of tho proposed Inspectors
shall ho to exnmlliu nil thn run, Is nbout
which complnlut Is made. If they Olid
tho allegation to be true, It ahull bo
their duty tn notify tbo supervlior of
the roads for tho township through
which tho rond pnases Hint unless It Is
put Into condition within tho llxed
time, the carrier service will be illscuii.
tluurtl. There nrn about 11,000 rural
rieo delivery routes and on three
fourths of them the roads aro In a had
condition for about half (ha year.
HOME DISTILLING PLANT.
I ever. Tho bantam ben was a partlcu-1 hands nnd ns he bra-died tbo dust from
larly smull one, yet she looked gigantic bis shirt he calmly remarked: "I knew
lucre is no question nut tnat a large when comnarMl with n,o. tin turn.
n.n.l. 1. I I . .lit. .1.1 -t. I r
1muiiuuU oi in..- .iu wwi iimra aie, of do-n. Ono of them died when
mankind is afflicted Is due to Impure about two oM and ,
water, taken when the system Is weak- j slipped easily Into a half-ouuco lnl.
ened from some cause and unable to, wben about nfiixm Ur. nM mm .sm.
exert Its strength to light the disease pj from , run, am! wctlt straight
microbes with which the water UD to the air almost twenti feet. It
anor.nus. it is common practice ror was found necessary. In order to recap
the physician to recommend the uso ura tttti i.inl. tn lot tti h-n l,,o
of distilled water for a patient 111 with and walt untn tne mltca of a partruco
one disease In order to guard against 1 creot under her
the liability of other disease germs be- .,.! ,,,. , .
Ing taken Into the stomach, and It '"'
under tbe bantam and gradually work
prescribed for constant use were It not
for the difficulty of securing It It Is
to provide a constant supply of this
pure water, with ns little trouble ns
possible, that the household still shown
In tbe lllustratlond has been Invented
GIVES A COSSTAKT SDPrLr
by Edward Warren and George W.
Ilealy of Fort Thomas, Ariz. Tbe In
tention Is to utilize tbe waste steam
from the teakettle, aud tbe Invention,
therefore, comprises a double reser
voir, having a receiver for the steam
and a cold water chamber surrounding
the condenser. A curved tube Is slip
ped over tbe spout of tbe kcttlo to
conduct the steam Into the condensing
cbahber, and as fast as tbe distilled
water collects In this chamber It Is
drawn off for use or bottling. The
cold water reservoir Is filled from time
to time, nnd has a faucet to feed tbe
kettle through an opening In tbe tube
which covers tbe spout. Thus the steam
from tbo boiling wnter Is constantly
producing the distilled product. Instead
of wasting Itself In the air.
Raised Under a llsiitsm Ilea and Look
The llttlo hen partridge was far too
timid to be fruited with her own eggs,
for whenever In the least disturbed she
would go booming off the nest the eggs
In Imminent danger of being crushed.
So they were placed under a clucking
bantam hen, who proved to be a most
excellent mother. Tinier birds could
hardly bo Imagined than tbe little part
ridges, which hatched In three weeks.
They wero no larger than a good-sized
bumblebee and Just about the name
color. Yet three hours after batching
they ran so fast that It was difficult
to catch tbem, and when cornered tbey
would crouch flat, with bead and body
pressed close to tho sand, resembling
little dried leaf or a tiny clod of
earth. Their wings grew with aston
ishing rapidity, while for a week or
two 'their bodies remained as small as
up under her wings until close to her
shoulders. When she stood up to feed
she would naturally bold her wings
more closely to her body than when
brooding, and as a result the little
birds would.be held prisoner In the
hollow under her wing. Their llttlo
feet would dangle down and kick lg
orously as their-owners tried to get
out The ben could hear their peeping
and would look all around the runway
for tbem. Ignorant of their where
abouts. As she walked about or
scratched she looked exactly ns n per
son does who carries a bundle under
each arm. Before long something
would cause her to flap or stretch her
wings, wben the little fellows would
drop out. They were comfortable
enough In their unusunl position, but
the movements nnd clucks of the hen
made them eager to get out. Country
Life In America.
KNEW HE. COULD REACH IT.
WonJcrfnl Nsrve of a Player la a
University Baseball Team,
Some Ave years' ago a group of col
lege men, in which were many mem
bers of tbe Yale and Princeton base
ball teams, was discussing tbe game
of the next day, which was to decide
tbe championship. '"Slugger" Kelly,
the hardest bitter on the Jersey nine,
predicted, In tbe course of the conver
sation, that he would get a home run
In the coming game. The Yale pitcher
turned toward him and asked how cer
tain he was of tbat b.nne run. Kelly
replied that he was sure to the extent
of $5,000 and the Yale pitcher remark
ing tbat bo was convinced of tho op
posite to a like degree tbe two players
shook bands on the wager apd went
home to bed. During the first eight
Innings Kelly came tj tbo rmt II vo
times and Ave times he got bis base
on balls, the .Yale man taking care to
send In no ball that Kelly could touch.
When tbe "slugger" came to tbo bat
In the last half of the ninth tbero
were two men out and an eagtr tiger
was hovering off Arst base. Kelly
knew that It was his last chance to hit
tbe ball and as the first ball pitched
came flying down far to one sldo of
the plate the ''slugger" stepped away
across the rubber and bis bat met tbo
ball with a sharp crack. Tbo next
second the broken bat was lying on
tbe ground and Kelly was flying
around the diamond. Ho reached borne
with tho winning un about a second
before tho ball landed In the catcher'
I could do It"
Without entering Into tho question
of the morality of belting, that sort of
spirit Is whnt Is needsJ to-dny by the
mnn who wnuts to accomplish some
thing. Not the cone tit of the mnn
who deludes himself with a magnified
picture of his own abilities, but tho
calm certainty of the one who knows
what ho can do and Intends to do It
Tho word trusts tlio man who trusts
himself. Albany Argqs.
ALARM TO WAKEU THE DEAF.
Of Coarse Tlier !n Nat Hear II. but
Blumbrr Takca lis Flight.
An alarm clock for draf mutes Is the
novel Invention of KIzs Cretzer, a deaf.
mute In tho employ of tho Wushoo
smelting plant, who ,-ealdes nt 15 Birch
street, says the Anaconda Htnmbird.
How to awnko nt n curtain hour lias
long been n problem among thesu un
fortunate people, nii-1 In Mr. C'retzer's
Invention the solution hns been found.
Of course, tho ordliviry alnnn clock
hns been useless. Mr. Cretzer, who Is
nn Ingenious fellow. Is n water and
fliimo tender at the tVnshoe smelter.
His work necessitates Ills rising nt nn
enrly hour In thu morning, nnd ns ho
lias no means of nwakcntng he has lost
ninny days of work by being lote. He
accordingly set about Inventing an ap
paratus by which he could always be
The dropping of a pillow on the
sleeping person Is the h wakening agent,
nnd It Is operated se that tbo pillow
falls nt the desired time. An ordinary
alarm clock Is placed In a cigar box
which fits It closely. It Is then nailed
lo tho wall nt tho bond of the led. A
string connects the clapper of thenlnrm
clock with on ordinary spring mouso
trap fastened to tho top of tho cigar
box. jly a system of -inn II pulleys and
screw eyes a pillow Ii fastened to the
end of a string and pulled to tho cell
ing directly nbovo the bed, An Ingen
ious arrangement connects tho other
cud of tho string to tbe mouso trap,
The clock Is set, and when tbo alarm
goes off the string attached to the bell
clapper springs the mot) 30 trap and re
lenses tho pillow, which drops on tho
persons sleeping In the bed beneath.
"When It does not hit mo It hits my
wife," Mr, Cretzer wmte on a piece of
paper, "and so I novcr miss u day any
The Germnn emperor stands twenty
fourth In the list uf succession to tho
In nn Ironclad of ten thousnnd tuns
tbo hull weighs .1,100 tons nnd lbs
mnchlnery 1,400 Ions.
Thibet Is larger than France, Ger
many and Hiialn comblued, but has
only six million people.
Divers' boots weigh twenty pound"
apiece. The helmet weighs forty
IKiuuds, nnd the diver carries nlso
eighty pounds of lend tn enable blm
to keep tils bnlnnco nt the bottom of
Tho Japaneso rip their gnrments
apart for every wnshtug, and Ihey
Iron tbelr clothes by spreading them
on n tint bonrd nnd leaning this up
ngnlnst tho house to dry. Thu suu
tnkes the wrinkles out of the clothes
nnd some of them have quite a lustre.
The Japanese woman docs her wash
ing out of doors. Her washtub Is not
more than six Inches high.
The ancients did not bare lightning
rods constructed ns ours nre. but tbey
bnd lightning conductors, which shows
that tbey knew how to protect tbem.
selves from the danger Hint lies In n
thunderstorm. Even so long ngo ns
tho tenth century lightning wns divert
ed from fields by planting In them
long sticks or poles, on lop of which
were lance bends. It Is said that the
Celtic soldiers used to try to mnko
themselves snfn from the stroko during
a storm by lying on tho ground with
their naked swords planted .point up
ward beside them.
HE PAINTED "LOVE AND LIFE."
Iteller Untitle vs. Ileltsr "clinnle,
Ono of the most beneficial results of
road Improvement Is tlio facility It
gives to consolidate country schools
and thus concentrate our children Into
(entrnl buildings, so making graded
schools possible In our country ill"
tllcts. In traveling around thn State
Mu hnvn notlr.il that whero tmprow-d
road exist thu children, by men hi of
bicycles, easily go long distances In
antral schools; thus graded roads
mnko possible graded schools, the Im
proved rond working In harmony with
tho Ktnto education law, giving tho
children of the rural districts the same '
advantages ns (huso residing In cities.
In one year forty-four Connecticut
towns, by means of Improved Muds,
wero enabled to give free transporta
tion to n largo number of their pupils.
i:ighty-fonr small schools wero closed
nnd HID children rode lo thn central
schools. Thu cost of trunnportntlon wns
about ll".(ioo. but a gross amount uf
roiuu f.M.IMH) wns saved, leaving n net
saving of some f.M.msl. This saving
was only a small part of the benefit
derived, for It resulted In a bmtor at
tendance nnd better schools. 'Mils
clone cfl-ordlnntton between Improved
rond nnd education cannot Iki Ihi
strongly Impressed upon thn public at
tention. New York Tribune I'uruier.
. CHEAP HANDY MAN.
In Mew York Titers Is n Yntilli Who
Work fur a Penny,
No womnn, no matter how poor she
may be, who lives within the counties
of n certntn territory on the upper
West Hide, In New York City, nrcd Iw
without help In her household duties
nny more--lhnt Is, provided the pres
ent statu of things In the section con
tinues. She can rnll to her nhl n man
of -nil. work who will perform nny serv
ice she requires, nnd nil alio will have
to pny Is one penny.
There Is n youth Just verging on
manhood who patrols the section
every morning regularly, going Into
the ynrds nnd calling out nt the top
of his voice Hint he will "do nny kind
of work for 0110 cent."
The lerrjtory covered by this strange
character extends from street to
110th street and from Central Pnrk
West to the North Hlver. Hnmetluie
he goes n Utile nlxivc or below this sec
tion, but usually he confines, himself
to these limits. He wns first noticed n
little more than n month ago. unit
since that Ilmo he hns not failed to
appear on nny dny except Hundny.
He goes Into the yards of flat houses.
tho Janitors seldom making nny objec-
j lion, nun lulling imwis 11 ttni III llllllgs
he will do for n cent Here are a few
Tnko tho clothes on the roof.
Curry coal from cellar.
Mnkc the beds.
Wnsh the dishes.
Wash thu dog.
Clean the beds of bugs.
Scrub the floor.
"I will do anything nt all," he goes
on, "for one penny."
The youth Is nppnrently In earnest,
and when nny one, Inking compassion
on him, throws out n coin ho will In.
vnrlnbly nsk: "Do you want nny work
Ho seems loath to tnko tho money
without giving lis equivalent In work,
thus exploding Iho theory Hint soma
formed nt first that he wns inprl
playing upon their sympathies. Homo
nvallad themselves of hu services out
Oeorae Pretterlck Watts, Creator
the Much' Discussed Picture.
Tbo picture. Lovo nnd Life, which
President Itoosevclt Intends to keep
on the walls of the Whlto Houso III
spite of tho pro
teats of tho Worn
a n ' a Christian
ion, Is n character
istic work o f
Wntts, the noted
Kngllsh painter. It
represents two hu
man figures a
young nnd timid
utunuis y, watts, girl who la strug
gling along tho rocky uphill path of
life, whllo lovo personified by n mnn
nngcl tenderly bends over her hesitat
ing flguro as sho places her hand In
his for guidance up tho rocky path,
Without tho protection of love sho
dare not venture. The plcturo wns
presented to tho United Htntcs by Mr.
Wntts nt the tlmo of the World's Fair
In Chicago. Prosldcnt Cleveland sub
sequently bung It In tho Whlto House,
but took It down jmd sent It to tho
fnrnnwnn 1,1 l It.,.-., ...IAI. ,t... It
T. U. protested ngalnst It F.vsldont .Tr."1,?" J" "i'".' linv
Hoosovelt thinks tho White House Its ", """ """ um wen, nnd
proper place. now ,",cy do "ot Wo '" they could
Wntts Is 82 years old. lie first ' "Ithout him.
ncl.loved success us a portrait nnd his- M?"y 1,ou"0"'lv(, "' "nts who do
toricnl pnlnter, Later ho turned to ! i "im una youin ex-
An Knual fialtot.
An Irish clergyman during his first representations' of tho grout things of cmll"K1J oftil, They get u, hardest
.1 l.lt.... ,t.n n..i.t. 1 ... . Iiart of tbelr wnrb itnti.. ....I..I.I.. I
me which nre mo common uungs to , , " "'" 'i".7 '"
lovo, death nnd Judgment. His pic- c"cnl"lr n,1l "nt hnvu to contend
turcs appeal to tho masses. Somo of , " ,"mty a""H)'ccs consequent on
his paintings nro In tho Houso uf Pur- koon,"K n Kr I" " "mall lint. Most
llnment, others In tho Tnto gallery In J,crBonl' w,' "'"I'loy Ihu youth give
London, nnd four of his beat In m Mm "u,ro I'1"1' " penny, but ho does
Judo's Church, Whltechnpel, tho poor- n,ot ,c'm to lect nny moro.-N6w
est district In London. Ho Is n tire-j "rIt rl"lcs-
less worker, nrlslng at -1 o'clock In tho ,7 ; j T
.,,miir in mmiinim.
But few people nru awnre Hint there
nro In Muntnnn somo of ihu finest gla
ciers In the world,
curacy found the ladles of tho parish
too helpful. He soon left the place.
Ono dfty thereafter b met his succes
sor. "How are you getting on with the la
dles?" asked the escaped curate.
"Oh, very well." was the answer.
"There's safety In numbers."
"I found It In ISxodus," was tho
Ono good thing about tobacco chow
Ing; A quid lacks that chewing gum
quality which would fasten It to tho
under sldo of chairs aud tables.
morning and working until Into.
Itcal old-fashioned people novcr look
nt tho picture of a girl taken profile
without wondering If sho had It taken
that wny because sho Is cross-eyed.
Thoro In entirely too much future to