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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 20, 1901)
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"JWIJ 1 I i it ) I 1 ) ) 1 f i
SENATE HEQIN8 CONSIDERATION
OF THE CANAL TUEATY.
Lodge lixplalncd (he Dllltrcme Itelween Hit
Old Canal Treaty mil llie New One A
Change )l Wording (lives Hit United
Stales Hie Klght to I'orllly and Control
Hie Canal In Time ot War.
Washington, Deo. 11. Tlio open
mMMiun of tho Hoimlii yesterday wns
dnvolod to roiitlim business, kiioIi a
till) prOIMlllllltloll ()( IiIHm, petitions
mid inimii.rlals. Tho scmiito then
wont into oiruutlvo session on motion
of l.ndgo, who has ohargo of the liny.
Pniiheofnto treaty, anil adjourned nt
I . r. r. . . . . i i . ... i. ' i .
innr going I til I) ox-
4'outivo session, Senator Hour present
ed tlio ruport of tlio ciiiiiiintKit on
judiciary, recommending tho ,.,,.
Illllliltlon of Altoriiny (lonornl Knox.
Tlio Miimto tliun, Uiforn inking up
tlio Isthmian cuniil trciity, proceeded
to liUMd upon other iiomimaionR, of
wliloli thtirt) urn tin exceptionally
largo minilMir before llm somite.
Altur ii number if iiuuiiiiiitions
lluil been confirmed Senator Lodge
illlctl lii tho ennui treaty mid umdi) u
lirluf statement togarding that, con-
VUlitlon. I ho Miinite then adjourned
ill order to give the Democratic mom
kim of tho coin in it ten an opportunity
to hold a mooting.
Lodge contended tliul the new
treaty does away with all the objec
tionable feature of tho last eonven
tion, and eniinierated the particulars
in which the revised agreement con
fomiH to tlu action of me uenale in
tho hint emigre, when the old treaty
was lieforo it. He analyed the new
trimly from beginning to end, show
inn that in specific terms it abrogates
tho Clayton Ilnlwer treaty of lMit),
which, he miiil. had hIimmI coiiht jntly
in llm way of the construction of an
isthmian canal. The abrogation of
thin treaty, he contended, waH ,Ml
iinKirtant ncliiuvei t, and ho did
not believe that tint 1,'nited HIuIoh
xlionld or would Iikc an oppdrt unity
to make secure that coiiciimiiiii.
Senator I.Mlgo also called attention
to the omission in paragraph 1 of;
article .'1 of the words "in time of
war an in time of mmoo. " He said
that in tlio old treaty the paragraph
road "that the canal shall Ik) free
mid ohiii in time of war uh in timo
vf piMce, to tho vessels of commerce
nnd of war of nil HMtioiiH on tenon of
ontiro equality, " etc. lie urged that
the omission of thin phrase hud tho
tffoel practically of leaving tho
United State to do with thu canal
in timo of war according to it own
pleasure. Ho also referred to thu fuel
that rnlo 7 in tho treaty of tho
power regulating the control of the
Sue, canal, which had Imtii em
bislicd in Ihonrigiual llay-l'aiiiicefotc
treaty, had been omitted from the re
He quoted from tliU rule, which
proMiletl that "no fortifications shall
lie erected commanding the canal or
the watern adjacent, " etc. Thin, ho
Hiiel, wan h material conccH.iiou to
the United States, and wan quite
Hiitlicient to meet the objections made
against the Agreement, that tho
UniU'd State would have no power
tn protect iln properly. It practical
ly left the United Statea free .to fort
ify tho canal in cubo it should Ik) coli
Hidereil doiirahlc to do ho, mid wan in
lino witli the omission of tlio restric
tion keeping the canal open in timo
WAR VETERAN UILL.
I'ensliin Measure Which Mm Hern Introduced
tiy Senator Mludell.
Mnshihgioii, Deo. 12. Henntor
.Mitchell's Indian war veliiran loll,
recently Introduced, read a follows:
"That the provisions, liinitutioiiH
and honofitH of an act entitled 'An
granting pensions to thu survlv-
Vu8i.i . I,Mli"" warn of 18:i2aml
IHU, iiKilimive, known a tho lllack
Hiiwlc war, (Jreek war, Cherokee diH
lurhanceH, and the Kcminolo war,'
ipproved July 27, 1H!)2, ho and tho
ame are Hereby extended, from
llm dalii of IhopaiwiKo of thin net,
l' the MiirviviiiK olllcera and cnliHted
inen, including niarinen, and alno
the volunleerM of tho military ami
naval Mcrvien of tho United Htatrn
who mirveil for III) iIuvh in ilw i.'l.inl.
and (Jt'orgia Keminolo Indian war of
iJ to 1K1H; tho Kevro river ludinn
war, of lllmoiH, of IH27; tho Kac and
x Imlian war of I KM ; tho Kaliino
Indian didtuibaiiccMof lHIlt) mid 1H.'(7;
the CayiiKo Indian war of 1H47 and
INlKon the I'acillc eoant; tlio Florida
warn with the Seminole IndiaiiH from
IKIlilo iHiH, incliiHive; the Toxin
and Mew Mexico Indian war of 18 til
to lH.1fl;tho California Indian dihturh
anocBof IH51 and I8.ri2; the Utah In
dian diHtiirhaneen of I KHO to I85.'l,
inehiHive, ami the Oiegon and Wiwli
iiiKton territory Indian warn of I8.rI
to 18.11!, inehiHive: and iiIno In in
clude the HiirviviiiL' widowH of nuch
oIIicitk and enliMed men, provided,
that Hindi willows have not remarried,
and provided fuitner, that where
there ia no record of enlintmont or
miiHter into tho servico, in any of tho
warn mentioned in tlim act, tho re
cord of pay hy thu United States filial!
lie accepted iih full and uatinfaotory
prooi oi hiicii nnlistincntanil Kurvicu.
A CARNEGIE OEFEH
WILL GIVE $10,000,000 FOn
STILL HAVE RATE TROUBLES
THE BRITISH COAL TRADE.
rlllm Oil or Exporli Ciuiti (ioud Deal
Now Yirk. Dec. 11. Tho situation
in tlio Hritiidi coal trade is canning a
fcroat deal of apprcheunion on the
jmrt of tho ownern and merchants,
nnd there is a resumption of the
outcry against the export tax which
formed so prominent a feature of Sir
Micliaol llicks-Itoacli's last budget,
nays tho London correspondent of the
Trihtino. Coal exports have de
creased hy lfi8,000 tons during the
first 10 iiiontlw of the present year,
nnd the average nuinlier of days
worked hy tho colliers lias genurally
fallen oil', while in most of the prin
cipal districts thu supply is inqo.ecss
of tho demand. The iron industry,
which usually acciunts for Hfi.OOO,
000 to .10,000,000 tons a year, has
greatly reduced its consumption,
owing to thu reduction in tlio num
hor of furnaces in Idast.
Violent Dliturhance In the Kocky Mountain
Keijlon All Llnei Concerned.
Salt Lake, Utah, Dec. 12. Kvery
muromi uoing imsinofts in Utah, ac
corning in me llerald, is engaged in
a rate war, tho slashing heing prin
cipally on west hound trallic, for
which thero is it wild scramble, rc
gardless of rates. Tho llio (irandc
road and tho Missouri Pacific, com
prising tlio western part of tho Could
lystem, are said to have been active
in starting thu fight. Tho Oregon
Miori j.ino and the Union I'acilic
says tho Herald, held well aloof on
Chicago and Missouri river west
bound business until yesterday, when
snippers over that system were in
formed that they would Ik) "taken
caro of," no matter what might come
With tho Union I'aciTic in the fray,
all tho roads aro now mixed up in it,
and westbound business from tho At
lantic seaboard is Itoiug moved in
many instances at CO jior cent of the
regular tariff rates. Dusiness from
Chicago and Missouri river was taken
yesterday at .(0 to IS jwr cent reduc
tion on tho regular tariff.
Tlio trouble originated, according
to tlio Herald, about a mouth ago,
when tho Mallory and Morgan stcaiu
ship lilies liecame engaged in active
competition on shipments from Now
1 ork via ;sow Orleans and tialveston
to points in tho Kooky muoutain tcr
DOLE DENIES REPORT.
Cruller May Oo to Panama.
San Francisco, Dec 12. Tho Unit
ed States cruiser Philadelphia has
coniu down from tho Mare Island
navy yard, whero she has Jieun under
going repairs, and is now awaiting
orders. It is oxpectedtlmt she will
The armv transport
i r.,,,.,,,i. ; uniuulnli'd to sail for
Manila on tlio Kith, with UH) sol
diem nf tho Twont V-SOVCIltll infantry
I'I.k Ri.i.ri.bm will bo in readiness to
limu. Shu is to
carry 1,700 soldiers and passengers.
Arid Land Hill.
Wasliington, Deo. 12.- A confer
enen of tho senators and representa
tives intonwted in legislation for tho
irrigation of arid lands bus tlctoi
inlni.fl to innko tlie 1 Iiinborough'
V.....I.....1 I. Ill tl lnidis of notion, nnd
WMU1H Mill HI' tit
'this measure is being perfooted lo
united tttipport. It lirovidiM that
tho proceuds of thusulo of pub hi
fund for HUH
Hawaiian Governor Hat No Thoueht of Rc.
ilnlnj Foreign Physlclani Excluded.
Honolulu, Dec. .'!, via San Fran
cisco, Dec. 12. Governor Dolo has
given another statement in an inter
view that hu had no thought of re
signing. The board of health has adopted a
rule requiring that all examinations
of physicians wlio apply for licenses
to practice hero bliall I hi in tlio J'.ng
lisli language hereafter. Tho rulo
may uxcludo many Japaueso anil
ither foreign physicians.
The steamer Tainpieo, of tho now
line between Honolulu and heattle,
arrived here today from tho bound
port, after a stormy trip, nho was Hi
lays covering mo instance, owing to
tho fearful storms encountered.
During one of the gales iier lorccastlo
rail was carried away.
The transport Uosecrans arrived
here on November 27 from Portland,
en route to Manila. bho tools on
coal and left December II, continuing
on her journey. ...
The battlcslmi Wisconsin is in pon
here, having arrived from Pago Pago
on December 1. She will take 1,000
tons of coal and leave in nuoui a
week for Acapulco, Mexico.
Molten Metal Exploded.
Sharon. Pa.. Di'o., 12. An explo
sion that shook tlio earth for miles
around, shattered windows in hun
dreds ot houses at South Sharon,
moved adjacent buildings from their
foundations, ami caiiseu uiu n ju.jr
nine men, two peruaiM mi....j,
curred at tho Sharon Steel Company s
nlant today. The explosion i..v'
n tho easting department of tlio pig
mill The metal was being poured
from' tho liu i,lt" the easting ma
chine when it cauu. in com o ..
somu water, cainiuK "Jr
Kitchener's Weekly Report.
London, Doo. 12.-Lord Kitchener,
in IV uispatoh from Pretoria, reports
that tho result of lasl .week's work .a
:il liners killed, 17 wounded. .l.iJ
uiul0 lu.i8oners, ICI sunendered and
mmiititiesof supplies captured. J y
h t n e, to carry out systematic and
Prtildenl Kooievell Will Send Ills Utter
Conrcii In a Special Menaje Duel
Niil Aik (he (loverinrnt to Appropriate
a Dollar Leading Educators of the
Country Endorse the Plan.
Washington, Deo. J 1. President
Roosevelt has received a letter from
Andrew Carnegie in which tho latter
oilers to iiuiku a donation of $10,000.
000 to tho United States. Tlio lotto
will bo roferrwl to congress by the
president In a special messago.
Jir. Lamegie s gift is for tho our
pose of establishing in Washington a
university for higher education. An
far as his idea has been developed, it
proposed a gift nfler tho milliner of
the bcijiiesl of .lames Sniithson, the
I'.ugllHhmiin, who gave $1,000,000
for the establishment and minute
nanco of what is now known us tho
Smithsonian institute. Kmithson
desired thu institute founded by him
lo be a factor In tlio dilliision of n
entiflc knowledge. Mr. Carnegie pro
posed that the university which hi
to endow shall lie the greatest msti
tution in tho world for the develop
ment of higher education. Ho has
consulted President Oilman, of Johns
Hopkins University; President Had
ley, of Yale; President Kliot, of liar
vard; ex-President Into of Cornell
and all the leading educators in the
country. I buy heartily endorse his
J he proposed university will not
interfere in tho least with the cduca
tional institutions already established
nui, win Htiiiniomciii itiem. lor. ac
cording to tho present plan, its doors
will be open only to those who desire
to take up a post graduate course
Mr. Carnegie also wants tiio new uni
versity to take the lead in original
researches, so Mint the United States
can eventually stand side by side with
liormany, if not excel that nation.
in Miieutihc development.
Mr. Carnegie's plan does not tiro
pose a national university in the sense
that an appropriation will be asked or
needed. I ho government is.simply to
no the trustee ol tho magnihcuut en
dowuieut, just as it administers tho
fund bequeathed by Smitlison. Jt is
probable that a hoard of regents will
bo appointed, as in tho case of the
Smithsonian institution, or it may be
that tlio government will he retire
acntcd upon tlio board of directors,
which, it is contciuplatetd, shall con
sist of men of national reputation.
Mr.Carncgio has kept tho proposed
endowment a secret until ho could
definitely arrange tho plan and scope
of tho now university. Even yet, all
these details have not been arranucd.
so that little more than tho outline of
tho gift can lx published. It is
known, however, that ho does not
propose to ask from Congress a single
loot oi land.
JUMPED A SWITCH.
Wrecking of a Passenger Train on the Cen
tral of Georgia.
Macon, Ga., Dec. 11. Tho Central
Georgia passenger train from Savanah.
after crossing tho river onterinw
Macon at about -1 o'clock this morninir
with 100 passengers jumped a switch
on a big embankment. Tho encme
and tender parted from tho train.
Tho iiaggago and express cars were
thrown into a culvert and burned.
Tho second class coach was thrown on
its sido nnd burned. The first class
passongor coach foil over tho embank
ment. Tho Atlanta Blooper, filled
with liasscngors, caught firo and was
destroyed. Two coaches we're saved.
FREIGHT TRAINS COLLIDED.
Accident Happened on a Trestle at Salem
Nobody Was Injured.
Salem, Or., Dec. 10. A head-on
collision between tho southbound
extra freight train and tho regular
northbound freight. No. 22(i. oc
curred at t:2.r) o'clock yesterday after
noon, within 2UU yards ot the passen
ger depot in this city. Tho engine
of tho extra freight was badly dis
abled. Nono of either train crow was
njured. Tho sccno of tho accident
was on tlio trestlo across a branch of
Mill crock, about .100 .yards distant
from Saturday's fatal wreck. Tho
trestlo is on n curve, bordered by a
high board feuco, whero an ap
proaching train is not visiblo 100
Strong Appeal for Death List.
xsow iork, Jicc. li. Liberal news
papers aro appealing to Mr. Urodcriok
to publish tho Octobor figures of tho
mortality in tho concentration camps
in South Africa, says tho London
correspondent of tho Tribuno. Thero
lias never been such delay m an'
nounoing tho provious monthly ro
ports, and it is feared that owing to
tlio heavy rainfalls whieh havo beon
reported, tho death rato among
children cannot have decreased to any
PNEUMATIC DYNAMITE QUN.
Satisfactory Test of a New Weapon at
ton Mead S. C.
Savanah, (la., Dec. 11. The test
of the new pneumatic gnu ,a Hilton
Head, S. C, yesterday, under the
auspices of a board of army olllccrs, is
believed to havo been satisfactory.
Major Ira McNtitt, of the ordnanco
department, was chief ofllcor of tho
hoard. Tho gun is at tho entrance
to Port Royal harbor, which it com
mands. It was shown that tho gun
hfti a range of 0,000 yards. Klght
projectiles loaded with explosive
tela lino were fired. Six of them ex
ploded upon impact and throw vol
umes of water into the air. Two
were fixed with timo fuses. If they
exploded, it was at such a depth un
der water that no disturbance was
discernible. Tho explosive charges
ranged from CO to 200 pounds of ni
trogelatiue. Five dummies were fired
to test the speed. Urn government
rentiired that they should Ikj (lis
charged in 20 minutes. Tlio timo
taken to fire them was 10 minute.-.
Forty dummies of 1,180 pounds each
were then fired as an endurance test.
Thero was no hitch.
FORGED JAPANESE BONDS.
Charge Against a Traveler Arrested In Min
neapolisWill Contest the Case.
Minneapolis, Dec. 11. Acting on
telegraphic instructions sent from
Washington by Attorney General
Knox, United States .Marshal Grim-
shaw today arrested Francis C. May
er, charged with having committed
forgery in Japan. The arrest was
made upon tho Great Northern over-
laud train as it pulled into Minnean-
olis union station. Mavcr was ac
companied by his wife, his two child
ren and u Japanese servant. Mayer
said that he had been in the news-
pajK-r business nt Yokohama for a
number of years. The charge against
him is that he forged signatures on
debenture bonds, but the exact nature
of the crime or the amount of money
involved is not known. He quitted
Yokohama November 10, sailing
upon the Japanese Sliinauo Maru.
Ever since then the authorities have
lecn on tho lookout for him. In
some manner ho managed to evade
the officers at Seattle.
MINERS ON A STRIKE.
Disagreement fictween the Management and
Vancouver, U. C, Dec. 11. A
special from Nanaimo says that the
mines at Alexandra, owned hy the
Dunsmuirs, were closed down today
because of a disagreement between
the management and the men. Tho
unions of niincworkcrs at Nanaimo.
Alexandra and Extension formed
general federaion on Saturday. These
mines are not all owned by tho same
company, nnd it was stated that,
wnuo inc uunsmuir interests were
willing that all tho men in their
mines should federate, consent was
lacking to an association between
Dunsmuir miners and those employed
by other companies. It is announced
that negotiations are now in progress
bjtween the management and tho
men looking to the rconenine of the
Alexandra mines. The lockout at
Alexandra affects 600 men. The
Extension mines, under the same
ownership, employ a larger number.
V4nx n4 Waterln Fowl.
Whrro there la a scratching slied con
nected with the potiltry-lioiiBo. nil of
the fenllng should be done there. If,
however, this valuable addition can not
be had. and the feeding nnd watering
mut lie done In the roosting room, some
provision should be made so that tho
food will lie neither wasted or soiled
Uj the fowls, says the Indianapolis
News. Crntes are Inexpensive, and are
readily constructed of light material.
The slats should bo of smooth lumber
nnd placed so that the fowls can get
their heads In nnd out without diffi
culty. They should he open In front and
on both tides. If placed ngalnst the
walls of the house, or. If set In the
open spare, they should be open on both
sides and both ends. Kacli crate should
have a solid floor of hoards and a hing
ed top. so that the (inns of food and
wnter may be placed In position with
little trouble, nnd tlio crates be readily
cleaned. If the house Is so small that
1'OL'I.TnY FI.KMNO CI'.ATn.
these crates can not be a fixture
It. they may bo placed In position
feedlus time and removed later.
MISS STONE HEARD FROM.
Canal Route Leased.
Managua, 'Deo. 11. Dr. Ferdinand
Sunipoz, Nicaragua!! minister of for-
oign alVairs, and William h. Merry,
United States minister to x icaragua,
iL-ned a treaty today by which Nio-
aragtm agrees to leaso a section of
Nicaragua!! territory six iimus wmo,
which inoludosf.tho routo of tho Nica
ragua canal, to tho United States por-petually.
American Officers Will Dispatch Aeenti to
Deal With trw Bandits.
Sofia, Dec. 11. According to infor
mation received from Salonica, Miss
Ellen M. Stone and Mine Tsilka, her
companion, aro concealed in tho vi
cinity of Kilo, about fivo miles south
of Dubnitza, in Bulgarian territory.
The nows was brought hv a Mace
donian, who loft thero December 1,
and who furnished prcciso informa
tion rcgardiing tho hiding placo and
tlio names of tlio agents supplying
food for tho brigands nnd their cap
tives. It is understood that tho informa
tion is considered roliahlo enough to
justify the American officers in Tur
koy to dispatch aeents to treat with
tlio bandits, and application lias al
ready been made to tho Turkish gov
ernment for tho freo pnssago of the
emissarios across tho Turkish fron
tier, which is vigorously guarded by
troops at ovory hundred yards.
Hlwinc cticar TIret.
It Is the custom In some localities to
haul sucar beets to the factory If pos
sible when harvested, and If It Is not
possible to do this they are gathered
and placed In long ricks or plies on tho
surface of the ground. The base of
these ricks or piles Is from 3 to 3V6 feet,
with a helcht of 3 to 4 feet, tapering to
ward the top. Along each side of these
rlcki several furrowi are run with a
stirring plow In order to loosen the
dirt The ricks are then completely
covered with this dirt by the aid of
shovels. This covering Is put on to the
depth of about 0 Inches, occasionally
air spaces or ventilators being left on
the tops of the ricks, which are usually
made by the use of tiling or small elon
gated wooden boxes or simply straw,
tho purpose being to prevent fermenta
tion. Storing the beets In this way Is call
ed siloing, and tho ricks or piles nre
called silos. In case severe cold weath
er conies on, theso silos are covered
with straw manure, straw or some
thing of that sort, and then an addi
tional amount Is thrown on the straw
covering. In this way It has been
found that the beets will keep In very
good condition until the last of Janu
ary If necessary.
fore and while she Is nursing the pigs.
I Miring the period when the brood sow
Is on the range she should have nu
abundance of green food and In some
variety, rape especially being good for
her. The grain foods should be bran,
pons, oats, nnd little or no corn, and
when confined she should have plenty
of clover hay to take the place of tho
green food of the summer. Aside from
the danger of the sow eating the young,
the corn diet Is too heavy, nearly al
ways exciting a feverish condition bad
for Ixith the sow nnd the pigs. Ex
change. rrcxcrviiiir rntt.
Numerous methods of preserving eggs
nre In use. snys Field n rid Farm. Tho
Idea of all of them Is to keep out tho
air so that oxygen decay mny be arrest
ed for a considerable length of time, es
pecially If the eggs are perfectly fresh
at the start and are kept In a cool, dark
place. The standard method most used
by speculators and dealers Is to put
eggs In lime wnter. The process Is as
follows, tills recipe having been widely
sold at $5 under pledge of secrecy. Take
two gallons of water, twelve pounds of
unslaked lime and four pounds of salt,
or In that proportion, necordlng to tlio
quantity of eggs to be preserved. Stir
several times dally and then let stand
until the liquid has settled and Is per
fectly clear. Draw or carefully dip off
the clear liquid, leaving the sediment
at tho bottom. Take five ounces each
of baking soda, cream of tnrtnr. salt
peter and an ounce of alum. Pulvcrlzo
and mix these and dissolve In one gal
lon of boiling water and ndd to tho
mixture twenty gallons of pure llmo
wnter. This will about fill n elder bar
rel. Put the eggs In carefully so as
not to crack any of the shells, letting
the water always stand an Inch above
the eggs, which can bo done by placing
a barrel head a little smaller upon them
and weighting It. This amount of
liquid will preserve 1.10 dozen eggs. It
Is not necessary to wait to get a full
barrel or smaller package of eggs, but
can be put In nt any time If fresh. Tho
same liquid should be used only once.
Chnucinu Mil kern.
What effect does a change ot milkers
have on the yield of cows? This de
pends both on the cows nnd on the
milkers. A comparison of the dally av
erage of nine cows was recently made
In the Kansas Agricultural College; tho
average yield both before nnd nfter n
change of milkers showed that there
was practlcnlly uo difference. In both
cases only one out of the three regular
milkers was changed. At election time
last November all the regular milkers
were absent from three to seven inllk
Ings, and the regular routine of work
was of course more broken up thnn If
only one milker had changed The to
tal yield for the herd was considera
bly less for this period, nnd the yield
In Individual cases dropped nearly one
half In seven mllklugs. The more ner
vous the cows the more they were af
fected. A continual change of milkers
would menu more or less Irregularity In
the manner of handling the herd, nnd Is
not advisable. Again, good milkers aro
scarce, and the change Is likely to pro
duce a poorer for the better hand.
Officers Fight With Robbers.
Lead, S. D., Doo. 11. Tho store of
Edward Wood, at Galena, S. D., was
robbod of some morohandiso and ?10
in nionoy Inst night, nnd Slioriff
Doton, of Dcadwood, and Deputy Pat
rick ratorson, of this city, pursuod
tho robbers, camo up to tluom and
fight ensued, Ono of tho robbors
was killed, and tho drivor, who
escaped, was wounded. Tho thitxl
was captured. Noithor of tho officers
Ulnc Lime Intelligently.
The testimony on the part of farmers
to use lime without much regard to the
condition of the soli Is wrong. Where
the soil Is plainly acid In charnctcr as
shown by tests with blue litmus paper
tho uso of lime. In quantities sufficient
to reduce the acidity of the soil. Is ad
vocated, but Its continued uso year nf
ter year Is not In the line of progressive
agriculture unless the crops nre such
as to demand lime In grentcr or less
quantities during the season. Of course,
this can only be known by actual tests,
for while In one soil currants, barley.
oats, onions and other plants, which
nre benefited by the application of lime
In a general wny, will respond freely
to the llmo treatment. In other soils
they would not be benefited, but might
be Injured. The blue litmus paper test
referred to consists In placing n small
piece of blue litmus paper, obtainable
at any drug store, In n crack In tho
soli rondo by the blade of a spade nnd
leaving It there for twenty-four hours;
If tho soil Is acid nnd needs lime the
paper will turn red. This should be
the general guide In the use of lime on
farms whero a mlscellnneous lot of
crops are grown. IndlnnapoIIs News,
Fo- rrerchy Rnll.
Herewith Is produced an Illustration
of n device copied from n sketch pre
sented In n leading agricultural paper
In Australia. Tho
device Is thus de
scribed: "A block
of wood Is screw
ed on to each
horn and n wlro
block to blncl.-
nose rlnir. na
shown. So long ns there Is no pressure
on tho wires between the ring nnd tho
horns the nose riug Is simply field up
ward without any discomfort to tho
animal. Should the bull rush any oth
er anlmnl or attempt to get through
any fence the pressure pulls the nosa
ring upward, cnuslng considerable pain.
u requires very few experiences to
teach the animal that nny misbehavior
on his part Is attended by suffering to
himself. One prominent breeder says
even the fiercest of bulls Is quickly
tamed by Ills device.
Kcarsarge Joins the Squadron.
Now York, Deo. 11. Tho United
States first class battleship ICcarsargo
left port today to join tho North
Atlantic squadron. It is thought
that sho will proceed dircotly to Ha
vana, whoro tho other vessols of tho
squadron aro duo to arrivo on tlio
17th. ' At tlio rcquost of Gonernl
Wood, the squadron will remain in
Havana for Christmas.
Weight for Itarn Ue.
Frequently tho farmer wishes to feed
a given weight of this, that or the other
tuff and has no scales nt hand to
weigh It. If ho hns a quart men sure
handly. ho enn use It to measure out
the required weight. Tho quart weight
of various feeds Is as follows:
Cottonseed meal, 1.5 pounds; linseed
meal, old process, 1.1 pounds; gluten
meal. 1.7 pounds; gluten feed, l.'J
pounds; wheat bran, coarse, .5 pound;
wheat middlings, conrse, .8 pound, and
fine, 1.1 pounds; mixed wheat feed, .0
pound; corumeal, 1.5 pounds; onts, 1.2
pounds; rye bran, .0 pound; II. O. dairy
feed, .7 pound, nnd Victor corn feed, .7
noiind ner quart. Theso weights nre
worked out by tho Connecticut experi
ment station. With theso equivalents
nt hand tho feedmnn may know where
ho Is at when ho desires to feed by
Cn mi llm 11 am Arnnnc Fwliir,
In nlno cases out of ten whero sows
kill nnd cut their young tho trouble Is
duo entirely to Improper feeding, and It
will bo genernlly found that such sows
nro fed on n corn diet nlmost exclusive
ly. Tho brood sow needs protein be-
people who consider milking
will never mnke good dalry-
It Is not nlwnys tho man with
biggest herd of cows who clears
most money from his dnlry.
Gilt-edged butter Is moro to be do.
sired on tho nvorngo customer's pinto
than nny dellcncy of tho season.
Tho dairy woman who churns beforo
sun up in tho morning, often makes
firm-grnlned butter without tho uso of
Tho reuson some fnrmers never or.
tract tho Intent gold In dnlry cows Is
that they persist In looking to tho eraln
nnd corn fluids for It.
It Is a parody on cleanliness to trv to
strain filth out of milk when It might
have been obviated by the exercise of
tho most ordinary precautions,
Desplto nil of the laws to tho con.
trary, skimmed cheese Is yet sold for
"full cream," nnd oleomargarine for
real butter. Whore Is the remedy?
While It pays to raise good horrs In
conjunction with tho dairy, It nover hns
or nover-will pny the mnnufnetory to
keep tho swlno quartered nenr n choesu
fnctoVy or creamery. Exchauge.
land reclamation nnd irrigation.