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About Bohemia nugget. (Cottage Grove, Or.) 1899-1907 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 11, 1901)
MMNEJ) IN A MINE
DAMAGE 18 LARGE AND FLAMES
CANNOT DE CHECKED.
TwcWt Men lUve Been Loil Tlity Entered
(o Subdue the Fire and Could Not Oct
Dick Pit Lamp the Cause of the Dli
iter The Mine May lie Uumed and
Survlvon Deprived of Employment
Nitiialmo, J). 0., Oct. 2. Curtain
iNo. 2 ciuiL'lit tiro
from a tit lamp nt noon. Tho firo
extended to tlio woodwork and wan
caught by an Indraft and carried
through tlio ininu. 'i'ho inun worn
warned and all got out safely.
Twelve man who enteral to huImIiio
thu flamus never canto .buck. Three
otherN went after tlieni, Then a nw
cue puny wan lorinen. iiioy wero
driven out by fire and mnoko, one of
them iiiicnniiclotiH. Then the fire
attacked So, Jl, which In connected
with No. 2. Keveral slight explosions
then occurred. Hnioko iioured out of
all tlio entranced. l'lamoH from No,
2 idiot tin Into the air. All hope for
tlio men in tlio mine is abandoned
The mine Ih probably ruined. No
water Ih available, and there in iij
way of extinguishing the fire except
liy closing tii) tlio entrance, wlnoli
might cause a terrible oxploHion. It
Ih feared tluit htimlredit of men will
be thrown out of work
Premier Duiismulr, president of the
tt..ll! . .. .1 I .
m uiuiigiun voiu company, wiiicn
operate the mines, left the royal re
ception at Victoria and started for
the sconu on a special engine. Th
Ih the fourth disaster
liero this year.
in the minus
MADE FULL C0NFE88I0N.
Binamln J. Goe the Man Who Killed Mcln
tyre at Chehalli, Waih.
Chehalin, Wash., Oct. 2. Hy clover
detective work tlio mtirtlerer of i;d-
wind Molntyro hint been run to earth,
and ho now rests in the Kalama coun
ty jail, having made a full confession
of thu shooting. Benjamin J. Goe
In thu man who wan arrested fur tlio
crime, and who hati admitted that ho
in thu guilty man. Ho wait taken into
custody by Sheriff Huntington at
Wiulock, a few miles from the
Patterson hop yard at Olcqua, whero
the murder took place. Detective
8am Simmons, of Portland, was
the lending spirit in tlio forces that
havo lieon working on tlio case. JIo
arrived last week and went quietly to
work. I ho one fact more than any
other that led to Goo's arrest wan tlio
discovery of tlio bullet and tlio bole
made liy one of tlio shots' fired, by him
the evening of tlio murder. Tiio do
tcctivo and bin assistants surveyed
tlio lino of this shot and found that
it oonul bnyo coino from nowhoroolau
than Goo'iTdoorway With this 'evi
dence to support tholr suspicions,
thu authorities determined to arrest-
nil the momlci'8 of tlio Goo family.
This was done. Warrants wore
sworn out In Kelso, and the whole
family was corraled on btinday even
BOER MATTER DECIDED.
The llajue Tribunal Will Not Assume the
Initiative In Intervention In Any Form.
London, Oct. 2. A dispatch to tlio
Times from Brussels says that the
council of Tlio JIaguo Permanent
Court of Arbitration has unanimously
'decided that tlio question of tlio ns
miming tlio initiative in arbitration
or intervention In any form in regard
to tho South African war must x defi
nitely abandoned. Tho decision, it
is stated, probablj accounts for tho
fact that tho ditto of tho meet
ing of tho council to consider tho ap
peal of tho Boor representatives-in
Eurono hud not been fixed, and it Is
not hkoly that such a meeting will
tako place for a considerable timo.
Young Girl Durned to Death.
Lunda, Utah, Oct. 2. Yesterday
morning while tho 7-ycar-old daugh
ter of Lorenzo 'Davis, of Quitcliapa,
Utah, was trying to nfako a cup of
coffco on tho kitchen stovo, hor dress
caught firo. Her littlo brothor, after
vainly attempting to quench tho
flames, ran to the barn for his mothor.
When tho mothor readied tho hotiso
tho littlo girl's clothes had all been
burned from tho body and tho flesh
burnt in a 'terriblo niannor. The
littlo girl asked hor mother to pray for
death, and while tho mothor prayed
tho child died in great agony.
Boen Attack a Garrison.
Durban, Natal, Oct. 2. A forco of
1,000 floors, commanded by Gon.
Botha, mado an attack which lasted
11 day Soptombor 20, on Portitala,
on tho bordor of Zululand. The
burghors wero finally repulsed, but
t a heavy cost to tlio garrison, whoso
losses wero an ofllccr and 11 men
killed and C oflloors and 38 men
woundod. In addition 03 mow aro
missing, of wliioh lunnbor many aro
boliovcd to havo boon killed or wound
ed. Tlio Boor Commandant Oppor
man and 19 burghors wero killed.
Capital and Labor In Assam.
London, Oot.2. Tho Simla corros
liondont of tho Tlmos reports that tho
Assam tea plantors will probably pro
sontal memorial embodying a request
for tho appoiiitmoiiint of a commis
sion to consider tho prosont rolations
botweon capital and labor in Assam.
Thoro is said to bo no chanco of any
thing doflnito ovolving from tho con
troversy botweon tho plantors and tlio
. ohiof commissioner for thn province
PRO-BOER8 IN BERMUDA.
Aided Dutch Prisoners of War to Escape from I
the British Camps. 1
Hamilton, Bermuda, Oct, .1, Thu
pro-Doers In Bermuda are excelling
themselves over the oHcapo of somo
prisoners of war whom they mado
very effort to aid In tholr attempts
to regain tholr freedom. Last Hatur
day night three men a nephew of
tlio Into Commandant Joiibort, Alfred
Miirtliiiis Joiibort, and two brothers,
named Indoiuar mado their esciipu
from tho prison at Barrel I's Island
and swam over to the Princess hotel,
whero tlioy drewd themselves in
clothing carried over, tied in bundles,
on a plank. Tlion, making their
way to a livery stable in Hamilton.
they hired a trap and drove to tho ports tho following from BitHoy,Houth
residenco of Dr. Outerbridiio. at ern Hainan 'Twenty-four men, in
iiaiiuy h nay, anil men retired to it
place of concealment in tlio neighbor
hood. Tho search continued for two
days and nights, soldiers, sailors, mil
itary ami civilians takinu part in it.
before tho men wero captured. The
all'air has caused great excitement
here, not merely because the men
succeeded in makini; an escape, but
because of the apparent exhibition of
tlio pro-Boor spirit hero.
CABLE TO PHILIPPINES.
Proposed Scheme of John W. Mackay Is Dis
cussed at a Cabinet Meeting.
Washington, Oct. .'I. Five of eight
members of the cabinet wero present
at today's meeting. Tho principal
subject discussed was that of a cable
to Hawaii, Guam and tho Philip-
lines. A proposal has neon mado to
ay a commercial cable from San
Francisco to' connect thoco islands,
and tho question under discussion
was whether, under our pcaco treaty
with Spain, tho United States could
authorize or in any way encourage
the laying of such a cable by privato
persons. The question now at issue
is whether permission to land tho pro
posed cable at Manila or some other
rhilippiuri port would bo a violation
of the terms of tho l'aris treaty.
I Jio attorney general will preparo a
statement for tho president covering
all the questions involved.
STRIKE ON SCRANTON ROAD.
Line Covering the Entire Lackawanna
Is Completely Tied Up.
Hcranton, Pa., Oct. 3. Tho striko
of the employes of tho Scranton rail
road company is now on, covering tho
mtlro Lackawanna Valley from l'itts
ijurg to i-orrest uity. rot a car
started. Tho men refused to accept
tho olTor of Gen. Manager Stillman to
leave tho question involved m tho dm
chargo of the two Carbouditlo conduc
tors to tho arbitration of Bishop Ho
ban, or ono of tho priests of the dio
coao whom hu might name, becauso
tho offer did not givo tho employes
tlio representation tfiey domaiiuod.
Nearly (100 men aro involved in the
strike. Besides tho reinstatement of
the men discharged, tho men demand
tho forming of a new agreement in
place of tho ono they claim has been
violated by tho company, andjt uni
form scalo of zu cents per hour.
Deftat of Invaders Confirmed.
Colon. Oct. 3. Arrivals hero from
tho coast bring no nows from Bio
Hacha, but they confirm tho news
previously cabled to tho Associated
Press- of the defeato of tho Vcnez
uolian invaders at tho peninsula of
Goajira by Colombian troops, uuassist
ed by Vcnczucllan invaders. Sov-
oral guns, somo mitrailleuses and
rifles and a largo quantity of am
munition wero captured. After this
dofcat, tho Indians who inhabited
uoajira captured tho returning Yen
ozioliaus, among tho prlsonors being
thrco Vcnczucllan robot chiefs. Tlio
nvadcrs lost many killod. Goneral
Orbis, who formerly served under
General Alban, was also killed.
Costa Rica's Neutrality.
Washington, Oct. 2. Itoforring to
nows in regard to tlio Colombian ro
volution in which it is said that tho
liberal party has organized in San
Joso, Cocta Rica, for tho purposo of
carrying on tlio revolution now m
progress in Colombia, tho Costa Iucan
minister states that his covormont has
observed and will strictly obsorvo tho
laws of neutrality.
Oil In the Kitchen Stove.
Pittsburg, Oct. 3. As a result of
using oil to hurry along tho kitchen
flro, Mrs. Barbara Sturgont is dead,
her husband and their son aro dyine,
and two other children aro very bstdiy
burned. Tho bturgents lived in a
tenement house' Tho buildine
caught firo and other families hud to
bo rescued by firomen,
Textile Workers May Strike.
Fall Rivor.Mass., Oct. 3. At a meet
ing horn today of tho textile council
at wliioh ovory union in this city was
represented it was unnnmously agreed
to ordor n striko offectvo Octobor 7
if tho manufacturers refused to grant
tho 5 per cent inorcaso ,in wagos do,
Disorders In Yangtse Province.
London, Oot. 3. "Disorders havo
arieon In tho Yangtso provinoo, ow
ing to tho ravages of tho floods and
tho diversion of tho rollof funds by
corrupt olllolals," says tho Shanghai
correspondent of tho Standard.
Tlioso throaton to culminate m
robollion. Th situation is very gravo
and tho local authorities havo boon
ordered to mi so troons and nlaeo tho
districts In a statoof dofinso."
DISASTER AT SAMAR
FORTY-EIGHT AMERICAN8 WERE
KILLED BY FILIPINOS.
Attacked While at Breakfast
beri , of the Company
Eleven Were Wounded Entire
of Stores and Ammunition Captured hy
Washington, Oct. 1. Tho war
received the following
dispatch from Gen. Chalice;
"Manila, Bupt. aw. Adjutant
General, Washington: Hughes re
Ninth Regiment, United States In
fantry, wounded, have just arrived
from Balangiga, remainder of tho
company killed. Insurgents secured
all thu company supplios and all rifles
except 12, Company was. attacked
on morning of Sept, 28; company 72
The news of tho disastrous fight
was sent promptly by General Hughes,
commanding in that Island, to General
Chall'eu at Manila, and by him trans
mitted to the war department. It
reached the department during tho
early hours today, and Adjutant Gen
eral Corbln, realizing its importance,
at ouco mado it public, after sending
a copy to the White House.
Thu news created a sensation in
official circles. It was tho first sevcro
rcvoiso that has occurred for it long
time. Still, the officials were not un
prepared for the news of just this
character from Saniiir, in which the
revolution started by Agtiinaldo still
continues. Samar is a country about
as large as the state of Ohio and tho
American forces of occupation num
ber In all between 2,000 and 2,r)00
men. They aro distributed among
various posts in tho island, a largo
number being located at the moro im
Spain never made any effort to oc
cupy Samar and it has only been
for probably thrco months past that
the United States has undertaken that
work. The latest report mado by
General Hughes to tho war depart
ment was that tho number of insur
gent rillcs in tho island aggregated
Tlio Filipinos carried on a guerrilla
warfare and operations against them
Tho disaster to Company C of tlio
Ninth Infantry occurred it is boliovcd
while it was engaged in an expedition
to clear tho country of roving bands
of these insurgents. Immediately on
receipt of the dipatch Adjutant Gon
cral Corbln cabled General ChafTcu to
send a complete report of tho light
and a list of tho casualties.
STRIKE DECLARED OFF.
Attempt to Tie Up the Chicago Elevatrd
Road Was h Failure.
Chicago, Oct. 1. Tho strike on the
South Sido Klovated road was practic
ally declared off. Believing that thev
would not be able to forco tho officials
of tho company to grant tho conces
sioii demanded, members of tho cm
ployo's union began deserting tho
ranks of the strikers and asking to bo
reinstated. Tho striko leaders will not
admit that their forces aro weaken
ing. Tho company moved trains
during tho day with littlo difficulty.
A largo iron bar which is presumed
to iiavo been placed on tho rails by
striKcrs nearly caused serious acci
dent to ono of tho trains tonight,
Tho cars wero loaded to ovorflow
ing an sovorai persons woro moro
or less injured in tho panic that at
tended tho smashup.
A New Counterfeit.
Washington. Oct. 1. Tho treasury
department has issued a warning that
a now counterfeit $5 silver certificate
is in circulation. It is of tho series
of 1899, check lottor B, plato number
a, nnu bears tho portrait of Indian
cshiof "Ono-papa." Tho countorfoit
is printed from nhoto etched nlatea
of fair workmanship, on good quality
oi paper, uearing lines in mutation
of tho silk fiber of tho genuine
Auto Frightened the Bulls.
Pans, Oct. 1. A dispatch from
uiiyoiHio to uio i-icaro describes a
bull fiRht thot occurred there vostor.
day, in which an automobile replaced
tho horso of tho picador. Tho novoltv
urow an enormous crowd, but sovon
i' . ...
bulls in succession turned tail and
fled at tho sight of tho automobile
Boston Frelsht Handlers' Strike.
Boston, Oct. 1. Tho striko of tho
oxprcss drivors of transportation firms
uiua imr to cause serious complica
tions unless a speedy setylomont is
readied. Ono moro .attomt to reaoh
an adjustment of tho troublo will bo
mado tomorrow and in caso of fall-
uro tho olllcors of tho transportation
trades council composed .of freight
olorks truckmen and goneral mor
ohaudibo handlers havo beon empow
ered to call out ovory member of thoir
varous organzatons. This deoision was
reached todayjat a special meeting.
In Behalf of Miss Stone.
PConstantinoplo. Oot. 1. O. M.
Dickinson, Unitod Statos consul con-
oral horo, has mado representations to
tho Bulgarian government with a
view of scouring tho roleaso of Miss
Stono and hor companions who woro
captured by brigands Soptombor 3.
It is reported tfiut a numbor of mom
bors of tho Bulgarian-Maoodonian
revolutionary committeo havo boon
arrested on ovidonco implicating
thorn in that abduotion.
VENEZUELA IN A BAD WAY.
No Payments Made on Indebtedness for
Three Years Peorle Are Suffering.
Caracas, Venezuola, via Wllllam
utail and Colon, Oct. 2. Tho finan
cial condition of Venezuela is best ox-
Only 24 Mem. amplified by tho fact that tho -rcpub-Escaped
and " m P"'(1 llt'-'rct on its foreign
Of ftlff.rtltit flirtf.tif f..lflriBU ltr ft... tinuf
,:i8 months. Only two or three im-
porting houses at Caracas aro paying
expenses, businoss is practically lim
ited to needed foodstuff's, many im
portant orders have been counter-
' maiided, .extreme lack of confidence
prevails In business circles, and the
immediate f lit tiro contains nothing
promising. Tho general expecta
tion is that the financial situation
will become worso beforo it can im
prove. TJio war rumors havo de
creased imports and the government
Is getting into more severe straits
to find money to meet tho extraor
dinary expenso Incident to maintain
ing tho army on tho frontier.
Among the people the suffering from
the bard times is greater. Tho sala
ries of all tho government civil em
ployes have been cut in half, but
even this is not now paid.
Since tlio reverses at Guajira, the
government has been transferring
its attcntoin to tlio San Cristobal
country, south of Maracaibo, and is
sending arms, men and 750,000
rounds of ammunition from Caracas to
Barqucsimcto, where tho interior
forces are converging. Tho feeling
of the country against President
Castro is growing stronger every day.
Tho country's discontent at General
Castro's dictatorship is evidenced by
many comparatively insignificant
signs, but they plainly fortell a grow
ing revolution, A rupture lietwecn
Colombia and Venezuela would give
the revolutionary element tho desired
chanco to attack the government.
The president recognizes discontent
exist ins and is taking measures to
meet whatever revolutionary exigen
cies may arise.
OCTOBER 8 IS THE LIMIT
Brigand: Fix That Date $110,000 Is the
Price of Miss Stone's Release.
Constantinople, Oct. 4. The bri
gands who carried off Miss Helen II.
Stone, the American missionary, and
her companion, Mine. Tsika, a Bul
garian lady, havo fixed October 8 as
tho limit of timo for the payment of
tho ransom, $110,00, demanded for
Miss Stono's release. Tho hiding
place of tho brigands has not yet
been discovered, and tho delay ac
corded by tho abductors is taken to
indicto that they consider their re
treat quite secure.
Abductor of Miss Stone.
NewYork, Oct. 4,-Tho report from
Sofia mentioned by tho Vienna cor
respondent of tho Telegraph throws
a new light on tlio abduction of Miss
Stone, says tho London correspondent
of thu iribunc. Inero is every rea
son to believe that the chief of tho
'and which carried the woman off to
tho mountains was Bous Sarafou,
the former president of the Macedon
ian committeo at Sofia.
SWEATED OUT OF HIM.
M!ouri Man Confessed That He Killed His
. Sister and Her Suitor.
DeSoto, Mo., Oct 2. After being
sweated eight hours, William Green
hill tonight made a confession to
Posccuting Attorney Williams, in
which ho says his brothor, Daniel
Greenbill, killed their sister, Mrs.
badio Uron, and her suitor, John
Meloy. The confession says that
tlio brqthers objected to Meloy's at
tentions to their sister becauso ho was
a spendthrift, and wanted to marry
airs. Uron for her money. On tlio
night of tho murder, Saturday last,
Daniol entered tho room of Mrs. Uren,
according to tho confession, and
found tho woman sittins on Moloy's
lap. In a fit of ratre, ' Greenbill
grabbed a hatchet and sunk it into
tho head of Mclov, after which ho
brained his sister. Ho then took a
revolver from Moloy's pocket and
fired into tno wounds ho had indicted
with tho hatchet.
First Locomotive Engineer Dead.
Now York. Oot. 7. Wood Bonson
95 years old, is dead at tho almshouso
here, lie went to uciicvuo hospital
on Juno 25, suffering from a scalp
wound, and asked for treatment. At
tho hospital it was found that his
general health was poor, and as ho
had no friends to whom ho could refer,
and no home, ho was sont to tho
almshouse. At that institution Bon
son told tho keepers that ho was tho
first locomotive engineer to run On
regular trips in Amorica. Ho also
related many anecdotes of his ex
periences in railroading and gavo tho
names of sovorai promient mon who
had, ho said, been oloso friondsof ins.
Whon ho died some of tho mon men
tioned as living in Washington woro
communicated with and thoy at
onco sont word that thoy would bury
Doer Prisoners Willing to Swear Allegiance.
London, Oct. 2. A dispatoh to tho
Times from Colombo says that Sir
Joso Ridgoway, tho governor of tho
island, has announced that 200 of tho
Boor prlsonors in Ceylon havo ex
pressed thoir willingness to tako tho
oath of allogianco to King Edward.
Tho prisonors not only desire to tako
tho oath, but also wish to enlist in
tho British army. Thoy are willing
to sorvo anywhoro but in South Africa.
Kor Weten fnriner".
The up-to-date farmer with a largo
acreage finds It slow work to plow bis
fields with the old single plows of tho
past, and so ho utilizes the electric cur
rent and multiplies tlio number of plow
shares to suit himself. In tlio West
this Is practically a necessity, on ac
count of the large size of the Holds and
the cost of labor and teams. Our Illus
tration shows a convenient form of mo
tor plow which lias been designed by
Conrad Melssner of Froderlchsburg,
Germany, It consists of two electric
motors operating winding drums on sep
arate carriages, which may be placed
at any required dlstanco apart, only
ono motor being connected with tho
main feed wire. To supply power to
KLLCTniCAI.LY Ol'KKATKI) PLOW.
the second motor a feed cable lying
parallel with the traction cable Is read'
justed at every trip of the plow to fol
low the latter down the field. The
mechanism Is so adjusted that when
once set In motion the apparatus prac
tlcally operates Itself, moving the car
rlagcs forward at the beginning of each
trip o bring tho plowshares In post
tlon for the next row of furrows. The
plows are attached to a two-wheeled
truck, which Is pulled back and forth
across tho field, moving forward at the
end of each set of furrows as lone as
tho power Is turned on.
Growing Rxe Profitably.
In sections of the country where
wheat was formerly an Important crop,
rye has largely taken its place. The
best method of growing rye Is to seed
It with timothy In the fall, and follow
It with clover the next spring. This Is
the plan used where rye Is In the regu
lar rotation after corn nud oats. To
get the best results the seed sliould be
sown thinly on fairly good soli. The
time of sowjng usually being early In
September, never later than the middle
of the month. If the soil Is rich and In
good shape, one and one-half bushels
of seed per acre drilled In is sufficient
On land that Is poor, a bushel and three
pecks Is usually used In seeding. Ilye
straw brings good prices In the market.
and as the grain Is less likely to be In
Jured by Insects than wheat, and can
bo grown on soli too poor for wheat. It
can be used to advantage In feeding
for certain stock. It Is not particularly
good for cows, as It seemingly Injures
tho quality of the butter. It Is excellent
food for swine, and to a moderate ex
tent for poultry. Whllo It has no par
tlcular value as a legume, rye is valu
able to turn under for green manuring.
Tho Morab'e Mnntcer,
When stock Is fed In the field, as It Is
oftentimes convenient to do, a num
ber of movable mangers will be found
very useful. A horso such as is used
by carpenters Is constructed of light
wood and a light board eight by twelve
Inches wide nailed to the legs on each
sido of tho horse This leaves suffi
cient space between the board and tho
top bar of tho horse for any animal to
get his head In and feed. Thero Is no
need of having any bottom to this man'
ger unless the feeding Is dono In somo
place where It Is wet. Of course. If
tho feeding Is dono against a fenco or
A JIOVAULK MANOEH.
the sido of a building or wall, It will
bo necessary to attach tho board on
that sido of the horse Indianapolis
While somo of tho experiment sta
tions havo reported that In testing dif
ferent amounts or fertilizer per acre
for potatoes they have found tho prollt-
ablo limit to bo apout 1,500 pounds,
there Is a farmer on Long Island who
claims that It la protltablo for him to
uso 3,000 pounds per acre. Ho claims
that ho was forced to It by tho dlfll
culty of getting enough of stablo ma-
nuro and tho high prlco of It. Ho found
It would cost about tho same for tho
3,000 pounds of fertilizer as for tho
manure ho usually bought, and ho de
cided to try one aero. Now ho uses
about twenty-flvo tons a year besides
all tho manure mado on the farm. Ho
uses It en the potatoes, and then fol
lows them with wheat one year, grass
two years, corn ono year. Thcso all
without fertilizer excepting that put
on tho potatoes. After flvo years rota
tion tho land Is ready for potatoes
again. Each year about four acres of
tlio potato ground Is sown to ryo. and
tho next year that Is sown with tur
nips and carrots. His crops sold one
year were 4,500 bushels of potatoes,
4.000 bushels of turnips, 400 bushels
of wheat, 200 bushels of rye 1,800
bushels of corn, ten tons of carrots, ten
tons of rye straw, eighty tons of hay,
bosldo some tons of rye straw and sev
eral moro of corn fodder. Upon a farm
out In a section whero ono would think
It necessary to grow principally market
garden crops, he Is growing upon com
mercial fertilizers alone such crops as
ono might grow on a farm remoto from
markets, or even from railroads, that
he need not sell until he Is ready to go
to market, as even the potatoes can bo
kept for weeks and others for months
If necessary, and he finds It succcssrui
farming. Massachusetts Ploughman.
Tho Va'm of tnnilone 1 Farm.
Every once in a whllo communica
tions come from farmers In tho West
and South, who, for reasons of tholr
own, desire to teturn to tho Eastern
States. They have read about tho
abandoned farms In New England and
New York, and seem to think that If
they could obtain one of these fnrms at
little or no cost, their future would bo
assured. In many cases these aban
doned farms are simply land that Is
worn out, or too stony to be worked to
advantage with tho modern form crops.
In nearly every caso the vital objection
to these farms Is their distance from
market. The great majority of them
are located miles from a railroad or a
market, which can only bo reached
over very rough and littlo traveled
roads. Some of tlicso farms are capa
ble of being made profitable, but tho
expense of marketing the crops Is so
great that It Is a question If It would
pay any one to take up one of thcso
places. Gradually, the Increase In tho
number of trolley roads throughout tho
Eastern States Is bringing these farms
within easy access of markets, and as
soon as these roads become a reality,
the farms quickly disappear from tho
market. Any farmer who Is located
within reasonable distance of a good
market, and who ran reach It readily,
had best stay where he Is. Of course.
If he Is In a position to buy an Im
proved farm better located than tho
one be at present occupies, that Is a dif
ferent matter, but as for taking up ono
of these abandoned farms. It would bo
like going from tbe frying pan Into tho
fire. Indianapolis News.
The I.'e I Poll Corr.
The Bed Poll Is coming and will fill
an Important place with the farmers
who keep a few cows, milk them and
nen poli, cow.
grow their calves. While of quite a
different type, yet the Bed Poll fills
very nearly tho same place that the old-
fashioned heavy milking Shorthorns
did twenty-flve years ace Breeders'
Fllo and Kuallaee.
People are fast learning that good
ensilage can only be secured In a first
class silo and that a silo mado of poor
material or from lumber that warps or
twists will always prove disappointing
to Its owner, says a writer In National
Stockman. This Is Illustrated by the
method of canning fruit. If the can Is
scaled airtight, the fruit can bo pre
served all through tho winter. But It
tbe rubber packing Is poor or tho top
Is uot screwed on tight, admitting tho
air, the contents "work" and aro spoil
ed. Tho same thing holds true with a
silo. Unless the walls are Impervious
to both air and moisture ono must not
expect to keep this ensilage sweet. The
cheap structures mado of old fenco
boards should not be called silos. Ves-
sel3 of this kind havo also let) many
men to reject silage and probably ac
counts for tho unjust and sweeping
condemnation of It by milk condensa
tes. There has never been a food up
on which all kinds of stock thrive so
well and which gives such largo re
turns as Indian corn, cut and preserv
ed In a silo In tho form of ensilage. As
Prof. Henry says, "Cheap silos are a
delusion and a snare, while good onei
enable Indian corn to yield Its great
est benefactions to man."
In dairy work thero aro three very
Important thlugs, brushes and plenty
of clean white dish and wiping towels
(not rags), scalding water and salsoda,
says Rural New Yorker. Tho vlrtuo
contained In a pinch of sal soda can-
uot bo estimated. It does not tako
very long to run boms In towels for
dairy work. There Is nothing better
than flour and snlt sacks. They aro '
soft and pliable; also easy to wash,
navo several dishcloths. Don't uso
one for an tue aairy woru ono for
separator, another for tho butter uten
sils and still another for milk palls.
Weak lire In llonei,
Keep a dark shade over tho eyes dur
ing tho daylight, batho tho eyes twlco
a day well in not water anu put a row
drops of tho following lotion In the eyes
after the bathing wnn a camel's balr
brush: Four grains of sulphato of zinc,
four grains of morphine, ten groins ot
cocaine and ono ounce of water.