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About Falls City news. (Falls City, Or.) 190?-19?? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 9, 1918)
P A U K 4.
iUGSR CONTROL EUROPE NEK FOOD
SAVED MILLIONS ■ ■ ■
In the Ranks.
Faod Administration Declares It la an
Absoluts Sin to Waata Feed— Food
Haa Bacorn« Sacred.
American Comumer Profited by
$180,000,000— French Situ
HOME PRICE HELD AT 8 CENTS.
th is Nation’« .U (< r Bupply Reduoed
to liv t n t y Per Cant, af NormsL
Java Btocha Unavailable.
Rugar control haa saved I!»• Amor-
Iron public $180.000,000, llorbort Huu*-
or, United Htaloa food aduilulatrotor,
declared Ibo other day.
11« pointed out that atinar wua sell-
Inn tur U couta a pouud luat August
Itml that It would hnv» advanced to 5ft)
tonta a pound, with tho world ahort-
uge aa a atluiulua, hud uut tho food
.■iw iauinuioo eeeureo (te»
tio u o f tho roltuara and wholesaler«
aud (lied a augur price that today eu-
ablaa bouaewlvea to buy augar at from
HSi to ti ('«uta a pound.
"Every 1 cent fstae lu sugar from
September 1 to January 1 uiasns »13,
000.000 to the Auiericau ronaumer,"
Ur. Hoover sal I. “ Nutnbvra of gen-
tletuen will tall you that ‘JO cent augar
would have prevailed and the public
robbed o f llttu.OUO.UOO thin year If we
had uot taken theae action«.'’ I utter
Mr. Hoover called attention to the fart
that uncontrolled augar advanced to
U renta a pouud during the t'tvll War.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY, U, 191H.
FALLS CITY N R WH
BIG CORN CROP *
BIG HERDS GONE IS NOW MOVING
Europe la still sending an Insistent
call fur moru food. We must send It
If Ihe wur la to go on clllclcntly. If
we eat It all we cannot ship It, and
the food administration haa already
tried to picture how much that wheat
Is ueeilvd by people who will starve If
they do not get It, the food adiulnletra
“ For the leaat hit o f heedlesaneea
on your part In food conservation some
one aomewher« In the world must auf-
| fer privation," an official at«t«ineut
“ The food admin! drat loo
has mast «red the problem o f Ameri
ca'« food In «itch a way that every
ounce of food conserved and kept In
the currents o f trade goes to an empty
stomach In Europe.
“ It la an absolute aln to wuate food.
F«(Od haa become sacred.
“ Food means life ; It means aume-
body'a life, and you cauuot eacupe re
“There Is no was*« o f food among
the allied natlona.”
W ar Wastes Europe’!
American Stock Raleara Cc-eperato
With Food Administration In Con-
WAR RREAD COSTLY TO
Every year the British government
The American House Manager Is
pay« $ 21 X 1 . 000,000 toward the coat of
today a member o f the army that
that natlon'a war bread. That Is the
I h fighting to save democracy In
principal ieaeon why English bread
the world. More than 11,000,000
prices are lower today to the consumer
munagrra of American homes
than In America.
have enlisted for the duration of
British bread la much poorer than the
Franca Qot Our Sugar.
the war and pledged themselves to
support the fighting men by the
Today the Anierlran public haa haen
Great Britain haa taken over all
wuy they buy, cook and serve food.
allotted 70 per rent, of lia normal aup- home grown grain, bought at an arbi
Food will win the war, and these
ply, liefore the war the average an trary price, and all Imported wheat
women will help to win It. Amer
nual houaehold roiiauiuptlon here waa bought In markets o f Ihe world at pre
ica must send food to Europe.
U pountla a person. In England the vailing prices. Thla la turned over to
The armies cannot hold out If we
annual conauroptlou during the war la the mills by the government at a price
fall to send It. Only certain foods
24 pounds, and In France each peraou that allow« the adulterated war bread
Is allotted a little over one pound a loaf o f four pounds to sell at IS cents.
The two pound loaf costa 9 cents, aud
WHY W E MUST SAVE FOOD.
**ln August the French government the one |K>und loaf sella for 5 cents.
found Itself unable lo maintain even
In milling, however, 14 per cent,
The 1917 wheat crop In France was
this ratlou,-* Mr
Hoover declared. more hour la extracted from the wheat less than half normal, *ualng the crop
“ An appeal was made to America. than In America. And there la a com o f 1913 as a busts o f comparison.
Prance needed 100,000 tona We pulsory adulteration o f 20 per cent, There waa a shortage o f 170,000,000
agreed to All this demand and up to aud an allowable adulteration o f 50 bushels, or 63.3 per cent. The potato
December had shipped U.ILU tons. Iu per cent.
crop waa only wtthlu one-third of nor
the meantime an appeal was mude to
Compared with American bread, the mal. The sugar beet crop showed a
the American public to reduce Its sug British product Is ouly shout 05 per
deficit o f 07.9 per cent. Her meat
ar rosSuiupUou. and recuesta were cent, pure at Its heat.
herds In the eurly fall showed a short
mada to distributors lo supply the
In France, under conditions some age o f 1.300,000 animals.
confectionary and sweet drinks trade what similar, hut with a larger extrac
Those are a fuw o f the reasons
with SO per cent, o f normul supply. tion, the four pound loaf sella for 10
America must feed her associates In
This has been generally followed, al cents.
the war. They are no longer able to
though such regulations were volun
feed themselves, and unless we com*
tary, aa the food administration hud
to the rescue are face to face with
no authority to I iuihmc them."
starvation. And starvation means de
Domestic Prlca la t'/§ to 9 Cento.
feat In the war.
Retail grocer* throughout the coun
try are auppo«n! to take u profit o f no
more than 50 cents u hundred half a
“ We have already exported the
cent a pound—on sugar. By reason of
food administration regulation*, bind- whole o f the surplus o f the 1917 wheat
>ug refiners and wholesalers, the re harvest, over and above the normal de
tailer la able today to buy augur at mands o f our own population. It la
from 0 to OIL cents a pouud. This necessary, therefore, for the food ad
enables him to sell to the housewife at ministration to restrict ex|>ort of wheat
so as to retain In the United States
to 9 cents a pound.
There have been some violations of sufficient supplies to carry our own
the sugar rulings. Mr. Hoover said people until the next harvest.
"Therefore all exports o f wheat
recently: “ Sales o f sugar from 10 to
JO cents per pound have been reported from now forward are limited cntlrly
and followed up vlgoroualy and stop to volume o i saving made hy (he Amer
ped and la evidence Itself of the prices ican iteople In their consumption of
at which consumera would have been wheat and wheat products.
mulct had we not Intervened. W e have
“ We continued wheat shipments for
forfeited wholesaler«’ licenses In ag December as far as our situation al
gravated rasca, and we huve Issued lowed. but even with all the conserva
warnings to first offenders In a great tion made we were still unable to load i
iiisriy Instances through our local ad several hundred thousand tons o f food
stuffs urgently required hy the allied
natlona during the month o f December
Effect on Military Situation.
American augnr storks could he fill
H E n n E R T nO OVER.
ed to normal very soon If ships could
he sent to Java, where 230,000 tons o f
sugar la waiting for shipment. Hut
W HEAT-CORN YE A S T BREAD.
the shipping situation Is so acute that
ihe nation cannot spare the eleven
ships needed to trnn^ort this sugar.
It would take the Stoats one year to
haul 250 000 tons. In the same time
they could be used for transporting
200.000 soldiers to France.
The food administration believes
that the American public will diminish
Its sugar consumption by 10 or 15 per
cent, when It la made clear that such
sugar saving Is a patriotic act and
when It la understood that there are
plenty o f aweetenera available to take
Wheat-corn bread la more nutritious
the place o f sugar, such aa honey or than bread baked with wheat flour
alone. Thousand« o f American fam
ilies today are using this mixed flour
Why 8hortaga Exista.
The three great augar producing cen bread, and In so doing are enabling
ters of the world are Germany, the America to provide more wheat flour
West and Hast Indies. German augar for the allies. Here's a tested recipe
la, o f course, used at home. The Kaat for this bread : Take one and a half
Indian sugar Is unavailable because of cups o f milk, water or a mixture of
the tw o ; one-half cake compressed
■ he ship shortage.
While U boat* made big Inroads on yeast, one and n half teaspoons salt,
the world's shipping, France and Italy one tablespoon sugar, one tablespoon
ceased to he self sustaining In sugar o f fat If desired, one cup comment
manufacture. England In the mean and two cups wheat flour.
Put one and a half cups o f water,
time was cut ofT from German augar—
1.100.000 tona a year— because o f the the comment, salt, sugar and fat (If
war. The reault has been that the al used) Into a double boiler and cook
lied nations have heen forced lo turn twenty minutes. The water Is suffi
to America und the West Indies for cient only to soften the meal a little.
Allow the meal to cool tc about the
temperature o f the room and add the
flour and yeast mixed with the rest
EVADE RIQID FOOD CONTROL.
o f the water.
make Into loaf, place In pan o f stand
Food la Bought In Germany Surrepti ard size, allow to rise until nearly
tiously In Violation of Auto
fills the pan and hake 45 or 50 mln-
utea. It Is hardly practicable to use
Even the autocratic food control of a greater ttercentnge o f corotneal than
Germany haa been powerless to pre this even In emergencies, for bread ao
vent surreptitious sales, according to made differs very little from baked
Leas cornmeal can be used
semi-official reports reaching the Unit mush.
ed States food administration. Illegal and In suen a case the general meth
sales of butter are being made In Ger od given above may he followed.
It Is possible to make a yeast raised
many at price« ranging from 11.76 to
$2.25 a pound. Eggs aold contrary to com bread without first cooking the
the German food regulations are comment. In thla case not more than
bringing 10 to 15 cents apiece, accord one cupful o f meal should he used to
ing to theae reports. And bacon or four cupfuls o f flour. In other re
Is bringing from $2.25 to $3.25 a spects the bread la mixed and baked
as In the above recipe.
AMERICAN SAYINGS WILL
MEASURE WHEAT EXPORTS
(Copyright by Life Pub. Co.)
Courtesy of Llfs and Charles Dana Oinsoa,
can he shipped those that pack
the moat food value Into the small
est shipping space. These foods
are wheat, meat, fats, sugar. We
cannot eat them and send them
We cannot eat them aud
send others. We must send these
foods, and In order to do that we
must eat other foods ourselves.
The American House Manager
will see to It that no food cornea
Into her home that does not do its
full duty under her management
In winning the war.
HASTENED RUSSIAN COLLAPSE
“ We must not overlook the fact that
1 Kussla collapsed, not because of the
Germans on her border«, but because
•he failed to organize and feed her
j own citizenship,” the food admlnlstra-
| tlon announced
“ We must be warned that If we are to
emerge victorious from this war we can
not risk the collapse of another o f our
associates In this war from this cause.
“ Anybody that Is looking for the col
lapse o f the German people on the food
question had better turn around aud
look at the moon, because the results
will be the same. Germany Is In no
more danger o f collapsing on that
score than we are, If as much.”
w i l l \yin the w a r
— ; v
w h o wastes
a c ru s t o f brea d
prolongs the w ar
dont w a s t e it!
ave a loaf
help w in
It Is probable that Europe for many
years after the war will look to A
greut «ite m to America for Its meat
Europe's herds ara dwindling under
war’s demands faster than they can he
When the German armies retired
from occupied portions o f France and
Belgium approximately 1,300,000 head
of cattle were appropriated. This ad
dition virtually safeguarded Germany
from cattle shortage other nations dow
In England some 2,400,000 acres of
grass lands have by compulsory meas
ure» heen forced Into grain production,
thus reducing pasturage and hay lands.
A declining scale of maximum meat
pieces for live cattle waa ordained In
England, aa follows ; For September,
$17.70 per hundred pounds ; October,
$17.28 ; November and December,
$10.03, and for Junuury, $14.40. The
evident Intent of this measure was to
drive the beef aulmala Into market as
soon aa possible.
According to official French figure«,
the cattle o f France have decreased to
a total of 12JMl.900 as compared with
14,307,000 In 1913. Today, due to lack
of forage principally, France la pro
ducing only one gallon of milk where
before the war two and one-half gal
lons were produced.
Meantime the United States food ad
ministration haa taken steps to con
serve our flocks and herds and to In
crease their numbers. The stock breed
ers of thla country show a disposition
to co-operate with the government In
For many years It has heen a prac
tice among many of the dairy people
of this country to kill male calves at
birth and In many Instances the fe
males If not needed to replenish their
herds rather than go to the expense of
maturing them Into veal. The high
prices o f meat caused the virtual dis
continuance o f this killing. Another
encouraging fact I* 75 per eent. of
calves killed fo r veal this year were
Somebody has very aptly said that
the wars o f the world have heen won
with grease, meaning that bacon and
lard have heen as essential to success
In war as powder, which Is true.
The hogs o f Europe have been very
greatly sacrificed to present day needs.
This makes the American burden all
the more heavy and makes doubly es
sential an Increased pork production
In this nation. In Italy grain Is now
forbidden to he fed to hogs. In Den
mark under a recent order one-fourth
o f the hogs were ordered to be killed.
It Is estimated that one-half huve now
* * * * * * * * * * * t* * « « « « * * * * «
More Than 3,000 Million Bushels
Raised in $ 917— Gives , .
SAVES WORLD FOOD SITUATION
1 Amarles Baginning Greatest Corn Con
sumption In Hlotory, Using Cerasi
In Many Delicious Dishes.
Corn, America’s greatest cereal crop,
la now moving rapidly to market
More than 3,000 million bushels—
80 bushels for every man, woman and
child In America— were raised In 1917.
It waa a mighty crop. The actual la-
crease la about 500 million bushels.
And this extra store o f grain Is com
ing on to the market In the nick of
time, since the American wheat sur
plus has been sent to help feed famine
Just as it happened In the Colonial
days, the W ar o f the Revolution, and
the Civil War, corn baa actually be
come the nation's mainstay.
In the entire Hat o f America's food
commodities there la no Item that Is
better than com. In puddings, bread,
corn pone, and aa hominy combined
with meat or eggs, corn Is without a
peer. Housewives are fast learning
the large number o f delicious dishes
that may be made with corn and their
families are benefiting by an increas
ed use o f the cereal. Corn, more than
any other cereal, contains all o f tha
elements essential to maintaining Ufa
In order that tha fighting men
abroad and In the army camps at home
may be fed, and In order that actual
famine may be kept from the nations
associated with America In the war,
the citizens o f America are finding
corn products delicious and palatabla
on "wheatlesa days" and glory In the
fact that "wheatleas days’’ her« mean
more wheat for the «ear worn allied
nations In Europ«.
England, France aad Italy must be
fed from America's great storehouse.
They will get some com— especially
Italy— but most o f their grain ship
ments must be w heat Their ability
to use com is small compared to the
facilities they have for using wheaL
And It Is the opinion o f officials in
Washington that the present Is no time
to try aud -,'hange the eating habits o f
America's greatest use o f com will
he In the form o f com bread and corn
meal, mixed with wheat In the making
o f leavened bread.
Mixed with 80 per cent, wheat flour,
com meal can be used In bread mak
ing, producing a loaf more nutritious
than bread baked with wheat alone.
It Is a fact corn millers will verify
that dozens o f the large American bak
ers have Veen successfully using a com
flour In bread making for several
Hominy grits, served at breakfast
with a poached egg, or eaten at any
other meal with meats or gravy. Is an
other use o f corn that will become un
usually popular during the war.
Com syrup to sweeten com cakea.
and com oil for use in all kinds o f
cooking, are two more products that
are already welcomed In thousands o f
* ANCHORED TO THE IN FIN ITE . *
* The bunder who first bridged Ntag- g TH E U NITED STATES FOOD
A D M IN IS T R A T IO N SA YS :
Before he swung bla cable, shore to yf
Food saving is In Its essence the
yf Sent out across the gulf his ventur- tg
dally individual service o f all tho ;
people. Every group can aubatl- I
yf Beering a slender cord for unseen |g
tute, and even the great majority
Mf To grasp upon the farther cliff and W
o f thrifty people can aa.e a little
— and the more luxurious elements !
'if A gr later cord and then a greater yf
o f the population can, by reduc
tion to simple living, save much.
yf Till at tha laat across the chasm %
Thla meant no more than that wo
yf The col ic- then the mighty bridge yf
should eat plenty, but wisely and
yf So we may send our llttla timid yf
yf Across the void, out to God's reach- yf
yf Send out our love and faith to yf
thread the deep—
•if Thought after thought until the lit- yf
yf Haa greatened to a chain no chance <&
yf And—we are anchorad to the In- yf
LA R G E part o f the
world Is coming to
the position that
Belgium Is In ; com
ing to the stage
Letter* of Introduction.
where the pri
mary and Im
Letters o f Introduction should not he
worded In too complimentary or highly
In l i f e
flattering term«. Aa they are left un
enough f o o d
sealed and delivered in person It Is em
to keep alive.
barrassing for the caller to deliver
Food has now
them. The letter should simply intro
taken a domi
duce the bearer, state that he Is a
nant position In the war. The
friend and that any courtesy or enter
American people must prepare
tainment shown him will be greatly ap
themselves to sacrifice far more
than was at first thought neces
"The atroogest plume In wisdom’s
The cold facts a re : France,
pinion la tha memory of past folly.” —
Italy and England have Just
enough food to keep them going
ten or twelve weeks.
America's food shipments stop—
The little boy had told a little girl
the allied nations begin consum
that he loved her, aud the teacher or
ing Into this slender store and
dered him to write “ I love Bessie” on
begin a swift march Into actual
the blackboard 100 times.
famine conditions— which would
"But that w-aa no punistimeut,” said
mean defeat In short order.
the teacher later. "H e would cheer
Europe then must live oi
fully have written It 1,000 times.’’—
America’s surplus. Tour savtnr
Increases our available stock
Just that much and actually feec'
some person in the countries wit
“ Is Mr. Flubdub busy?" asked the
which w e are associated In ot
war against the Central Powei
’’Mr. Flubdub 1« always busy,” re
Our surplus wheat has sires'
plied the pompous attendant
been shipped to the allies.
‘Well, let him stay busy." And tbat’a
how Mr. F!ut>dub loat a big order —
U. 8. FOOD ADMINISTRATIS
Food W ill W in the
*********** yt nr * «yf ***** a