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About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 6, 1884)
I C, and
Mt gatljj icrati.
AN AMERICAN SONG OF THE SIIIRT.
It is not to a poet but to a profes
sor that we owe an American version
of the pathetic stanzas with which
so many years ago Thomas Hood
roused the conscience of England to
the dreadful condition of the poor
seamstresses of Londen:
1n poverty, hunger and dirt,
Sewing at once with a double thread
A shroud as well as a shirt."
In a letter recently published on
the profits insured by the existing
tariff to certain manufacturers at
Willimantic, Prof. Sumner has made
a clear and vigorous statement of the
amount and pressure of the taxation
imposed, in the interest not of the
public revenue at all, but of these
Willimantic manufacturers, upon ev
en' poor and industrious woman in
the United States. This tax is levied,
like the tax of death, with impartial
hand at the proud portals of the rich
and at the humble doorway of the
poor. But, unlike tho tax of death,
it presses with peculiar weight upon
the feeblest and the most needy.
"From the cradle to the grave," Prof.
Sumner truly says, ''every individual
from the beggar to the millionaire,
must have thread," and a tax on
thread comes therefore almost as di
rectly and inevitably out of the earn
ings of every man, woman and child
in the community as would a tax on
air or a tax on daylight But upon
no persons in the community does
such a tax press so cruelly as upon
women who are compelled to support
themselves by needlework. It is the
custom of the employers of women
in our towns and cities to impose
upon them the purchase of all tho
thread which they use. Now. if there
bs any class of laborers in these
United States who can put forward a
righteous claim to protection, this
csrtaiuly is the class. And how does
it protect these poor and helpless
women ': In order that the managers
of the Willimantic Mills may aston
ish visitors by the "perfection and
elegance' of tho appointments of
their factories, and at the same time
pay dividends of 20 per cent to their
stockholders and water their stock in
addition once in every three
or four j ears, this sjstem compels
every one of thee toilirg, ill-paid
women to contribute of her hard
won earnings day after day to the
Willmantic manufacturers tho differ
ence between three cents, for which
she could buy in Canada every spool
of thread she uses, and five cents, the
price which our existing tariff laws
force her to pay in the United States
for every spool of thread she uses! If
she uses six spools of thread a week
shem ust pay a tribute of twelve cents
a week towards the 20 per cent divi
dends and the watered stock of the
Willmantic company! And what
does this tribute of twelve cents rep
resent? An eastern working-woman
who earns one dollar by ten hours'
work and how many working-women
earn so much? -earns one
cent in six minutes. If such
a woman lived and -worked in
Canada she would earn the price of tJ
spool of thread in eighteen minutes.
Living under the "protection" of our
own beneficent laws she must work
for twelve minutes more to earn the
price of this spool ol thread in New
York or Boston or Philadelphia. So
that to pay her tribute of twelve
cents a week to the Willimantic mill
owners every working woman in the
United States who uses six spools of
thread i week must labor with weary
eyes and hands an hour and twelve
minutes more each week than would
be necessary did she live under the
British flag in the Dominion of Cana
da. Well muy Professor Sumner
"When we consider what this means
to the women whose lives are run
ning away in the minutes spent in
that way, it arouses all the honest
indignation and love of justice of
which a man is capable. The linen
company do not like to have the
truth pointed out, but a man who
sees the truth and would not preach
it would be the most contemptible
Is this the best '"protection" that
American votere can award to Amer
The sewing women, the saleswomen,
servants, teachers, washerwomen,
and the laborers' wive3 and daughters,
scattered in garrets, tenements -and
cottages, struggling often with pov
erty and misery, and enduring a di
minution of their comfort and well
being to pay the taxes which go to
keep .up the mill.
"The Willimantic. mill started in
1854 under a 23 per cent tariff, turns
out between 5,000,000 and 0,000,000
dozen spools per annum, the en
hanced cost of which to the consum
ers is not less than $1,000,000. The
consumers would no doubt make a
good bargain if they should hire the
whole establisliment at present rates
of wages and profits to stand still,
provided that thread might be
bought hero as cheaply as in Canada.
"The Willimantic mill is, therefore,
very much what Yale College would
be if it were supported by taxes on
sewing women and laborers and ware
owned by a joint stock company
which ran it to make money. The
public treasury gets a revenue from
thread of $65,000 or $70,000 per an
Inum, being for 1883 78 per cent on
tho cost The consumers of thread
pay as much tax to tho "Willimantic
company in twenty days as they pay
to the public treasury in a year.
NO CAUSE FOE COMPLAINT.
There is an undertone of uneasi
ness throughout the state. While
Oregon never does nor never need
know what "hard times" are, yet the
present scarcity of money and general
dullness is of near kinship. Especially
is this the case in the interior and
among those who have obligations to
meet Prom the comments of the
journals it would seem to be general
In Eastern Oregon the complaint
partakes of the nature of a surprise.
The line of completed railroad brings
results that though partially fore
seen, are unpleasant when they do
appear. Competition finds merchants
unprepared for the new order of
things, and the inevitable adjustment
of modes and values makes trouble.
In the Willamette valley mortgages
seem to be in trouble; in Portland
the real estate boom has subsided,
and the O. & T. deal has hurt a good
In our own section of the state no
one is out anything, and, on the whole,
we of Astoria are to be congratulated.
. Selfishly speaking, Astoria is bet
ter off than any other section of the
state. The building of the Northern
Pacific railroad cost us relatively less
than any other portion of the north
west; our gain will be relatively more.
It gives us all the benefits of competi
tion; it; gives us prompt and easy
communication; it insures jus a thou
sand, comforts and conveniences
hitherto unsupplied; it opens to us
the markets of the east.
We have no wheat to hold, nor
market to stock; the grain crop of
the northwest will seek the sea by
way of the Columbia; the completion
of the fourth line of transcontinental
railway will in no way interfere with
Astoria's commerce. It will, on the
other hand be of great and growing
benefit to us in. disposing of our great
crop, our staple production,
Up to the close of the last fishing
season the Columbia salmon canners
were under disadvantage in the
American market Sacramento ship
pers were able to place their pack
along the line of the Central Pacific;
to reach the Mississippi valley the
Columbia shipper had to first send
his salmon to New York. Tho com
pletion of the N. P. E. B., changes
this by creating a new market for the
disposal of the Columbia river pack.
Already three agents of Astoria salmon-canning
establishments are taking
orders and establishing trade on the
line of tho N. P., and the sales effect
ed where a dealer can buy from 100
to 500 cases as he needs will be an
important item in the sales of '84.
As to railroad progress in Mexico,
the Jxovr Orleans Times-Democrat
sajs: "The English were twenty
years in building 263 miles of rail
road from Vera Cruz to the capital.
The Americans have built 2,500 miles
of radroad on Mexican territory
within five years. The Central Com
pany alone has constructed 1,400
miles at different points, and the
Mexican National about 900 miles.
The subsidy granted these companies
will average $11,000 in round num
bers per mile. It results then that
the present administration has paid
these two companies the enormous
sum for 2,000 miles of road of $22,
000,000. It is probable that more
than 1,000 miles of road have been
built by Mexican and other compan
ies during the same period, and -which
enjoy the same or even greater sub
sidies. To the above sum must be
added $11,000,000 mora This total
of $33,000,000 has in a great measure
been paid? in cash."
The force of contrast ha9 been sel
dom greater in the history of the
world than in the present case of Mr.
Villard's altered fortunes. But 119
days ago he was at the head of three
gre.it railway corporations, the host
of an assemblage selected from two
continents, the central figure in the
driving of the last spike in the
Northern Pacific railroad; the man
that had achieved that result, and
had caused the Atlantic and North
Pacific to be connected by a railway;
the acknowledged manipulator of
millions, -with the prestige of success
and in the flush of triumph. Last
Friday, -worn and -weary he lays down
the last semblance of leadership, and
if the telegraph tells truly, is bereft
of fortune as -well as power. "But
yesterday the -word of Caesar might
have stood against the world; now,
none so poor to do him reverence.''
It is a striking commentary on the
transitory nature of man in his best
Every newspaper man knows there
is no other such delicate and sensi
tive commodity as news. There is
nothing else that depends so largely
lor value upon the source whence it
emanates. There is nothing which
comes before the public on which
-the "label" is so carefully scrutinized.
Newspapers have characters as vari
ous as tne individuals wno conduct
and control them. It is just as true
now as it was in the morning of the
Christian era, that "men do not
gather grapes of thorns or figs of
thistles." The character of the news
not only depends upon the Jabel the
name of the journal in which, it ap
pears but upon, the character lor
truth and veracity of the persons
who furnish it.
EianxEEEK eightx-foub is the
presidential year, but what is of
greater importance, perhaps, is that
it is also leap year, when every young,
middle-aged and old lady in the
country has the inalienable right to
propose to whom she pleases. This
is one of the immemorial privileges
of the sex. Its origin is lost in tne
mists of matrimonial antiquity, but
its observance is wide as the bound
aries of civilization iteelf.
Captain Eads, replying to the over
tures of the Galveston City Council,
undertakes to give thirty feet of water
at Galveston bar, twenty feet guaran
teed inside of two years, for a total
consideration of $7,500,000, the pay
ment to be made as water is obtained
upon the same plan as was pursued
in deepening the south pass at the
mouth of the Mississippi For a
further expense of $100,000 a yearly
depth of thirty feet will be main
tained for twenty years.
Apteb putting in Villard's hands
$150,000 in coin for the Green Biver
branch, Seattle justly complains that
in the new Northern Pacific maps
that enterprising city -is totally ig
nored. Northern Pacipic earnings foctho
third week of December increased
$83,270. Manitoba earnings "for the
same time decreased S20.350.
Anil railroad work on the Baker
City branch has been stopped. The
Oregon & California extension goes
Br John BooersF' when spoken
in the right tone of voice, is "consider
ed an oath in Vermont
In Astoria. Jan. 5, 1884, of typhoid fe
ver. B. G. Cabaniss, son of Dr. T. T. and
E. G. Cabaniss, aged 20 years, 11 months
and 12 days.
California papers please copy.
mHERE WILL BE A STOCKHOLDERS'
JL meollng of the Point Adams Packing
Co. at their office, at Upper Astoria, on
Thursday. Januan 17th, at 10 o'clock a. m.
By order of the Board of Directors.
W. T. CHUTTER.
.5-l wk Secrt'tarj.
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE STOCK
holders of tho British America Packing
Company ill be held at the residence of G.
Holmes, in Upper Astona, January 18th,
By order of the board of director..
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE STOCK
holders of the British America Packing
Company, Skeena, will be held at the resi
dence of G. Holmes, in Upper Astoria. Jan
uary 20th. 18M.
Bv order of the board of directors.
THERE WILL BE A SPECIAL MEETING
of the Astoria bocial Club at the rooms
of Hook and ladder Co. No. 1, Tuesday
evening. January Sth, at 8 o'clock. All
members are requested to be present.
By order of M. C. CROSB V.
C. W. STONE. President.
At 1 :30 and 7 P. 3F.. at
Carl Adieu's Old Store.
DEALERS, ATTENTION !
The special attention of Traders in
Toys, Notions, Fancy Goods
is called to this auction announcement.
I am instructed by Mr. Carl Adler to take
possession of all the stock remaining in his
old store on Saturday morning next, and
close it out at public endue, positively
WITHOUT AXV KKSEB E, HIXDKANCK OK
INTKBFKn-EJ.CE OX HIS PART.
The salcwill commence at half-past one
o'clock on Saturday afternoon, and be con
tinued in the eenfng and so on until all Is
The goods (for which lie cannot possibly
find room in his new store) consists in
part of Fancy and Plain" Stationery. Books,
Albums, Picture Frames. Chromos, Ebony
Brackets, ifall rockets. Tojs, Faucv Glass
ware, Jenelrv. CIocus, etc Also, Twenty
Thousand DOMESTIC CIUAKS; Lamps,
Counters aud Shehing.
E. C. HOIBE-V. Auc'r.
The A 1
Fast Sailing Schooner
IK tous register, will leae Astoria, on. or
JANUARY 10th, 181,
All freight now in Astoria, or that may be
shipped by the O. K. & N. Co., care of the
steamer "General Miles," for Gra 's Harbor,
prior to the date of hailing, will go forward
without delay. For further luf onnation op
ply to J. H.D.GBAY, Astoria, Oregon.
Steamer TOM MORRIS.
and Favorite Beat
IS NOW READY FOE BUSINESS AND
can be chartered for excursions, special
nHfM of, of TterinnilA rutju A mhamI
steamboating business transacted.
T- rtT? r T TVr xr .
. uiwlujimj, miuier.
NOTICE TO PILOTS.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TO ALL
whom it may concern that there will be
a meetinz of tne Washington Territory
Board of Pilot Commissioners for Columbia
Riyer and Bar, held at Ilwaco. W. T., on the
15th day ot January. A. D. 16S4, at 10 o'clock
Done by order of the Board.
C. A. REED,
You Are Sure
Hall, Office, library Parlor, Chamber
. . -..and DSNING ROOM, in
WALNtfi, 'CHERRY, ASH, AND MAPLE.
We are without a doubt showing tli Largest and Host Complete
line of CHAMBER. SI" ITS in this city, unequaled in Design, Work
manship and Finish.
We Carry an IMMENSE STOCK OF CARPETS of AH Designs
and Colors in
Body, Roxlmry, and Tapestry Brussels, Three Plys.
Extra Supers aud Ingrains.
Are not excelled by any
north of San Francisco.
Nothing but the best
convenience for the com
fort of guests.
Imported Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
The Most Complete Establishment in Astoria.
AT THE ENTRANCE TO THE 0. S. & N. DOCK.
THIS INSTITUTION, UNDElt CAKE OF
the Sisters of Chanty, Is now ready for
t he reception of patients.
Private rooms for the accommodation of
any desiring them.
Patients admitted at all homs.day or night.
No physician has exclusive right, even
patient is free" to and has the privilege of
eniploj Ing any physician they prefer.
United States 21arliie
Seamen who pay Hospital Dues, are enn
tied to Free care and attendance at this Hos
pital during sickness. Fennlts must be ob
tained tor United States Marines at tho Cus
SISTERS OF" ClIAKIT I
" J'' J--X3LA
BITTERS !j I
Wilmerding & Co., San Francisco.
Loeb &Co., Agents,' Astoria.
THE STOCKHOLDERS OF THE GARI
baldi Packing Co. will hold a meeting at
the hail of Astoria Longshoremen No. 1, in
Astoria, on the 8th day of January. 1884, at
9 a. m. for the purpose of electing officers
for the ensuing j'ear. and to transact such
business as may come before the meeting.
Astoria, Dec. 21, 1883. dt
to be Suited
and Club Rooms
and every 9
SilALL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
OP ALL KINDS.
FINEST VIOLIN STRINGS,
Piano, and Organ Instructors
& mBE M0S!
President of United States''
. "Governor of Oregon'
J Astoria Musical Society,
, Mrs. J. W. Conn, of Astoria,
j Ami other prominent persons. Pianos and
Organs of many leading makes,
w uoiesaie ana reran,
CELEBRATED TABER ORGANS.
LITTLE GIANT STECK PIANO
Largest House on This Coast.
165 First St., Portland, Oregon.
Ready for Business.
The Portland and Astoria
Is prepared to contract with masters and
consignees of essels for the
Loading and Unloading of Vessels
AT EITHER PORT.
Promptness and satisfaction guaranteed
in all cases.
TER apply to the Captain., or to
Fine Goods ReducedPrices
Ladies desirous of procuring Goods
unequaled in Style and Pinisn will
take pleasure in examining our
SILKS, SATINS and DRESS GOODS.
GENTS' FURNISHING DEPARTMENT,
Everything is Complete
and of the best.
Jolm J9L Montgomery,
(BCCCESSOr. TO .TACKfNS & MONTGOMERY.!
PLUMBING, GAS FITTING, AND CANNERY WORK
Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms.
CIIEAAMUS 8TJREET, West toC L Parker Bfx.
THE NEW MODEL
A FULX STOCK ALWAYS OK HAND.
S3. 3EL. IQLATTtrXSSk
Two doors east of Occident Hotel.
M. OLSEX. J. OUSTAFSOX. A. J0HK8O3T.
MARTIN OLSEN & CO.
DEALERS IN Emf
FURNITURE Sh BEDDING.
Corner Main and Squemoqna Streets. Asterlm, Oreffsa
WINDOW SHADES AND TRIMMINGS; WALL PAPER' ETC
A Complete Stock.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS QUALITY WILL AFFORD.
AM, KINDS OF FURNITURE REPAIRED A1SB YABMSHED.
TAKE THE CAKE!
Huj Ing it at
F. B. ELBERSON'S
You will be sure that
Eery Variety of
Fine Cakes and Confectionery
For the Holiday Trade.
Candies, Christmas Tree Trim
The Best Quality or
Delivered every Morning
F. B. FXBEUSON, Proprietor,
Shiloh's Cough ana Consumption
Cure is sold by us on guarantee. It
cures consumption, Sold by W.E. Dement.
Eben P. Parker, Heater.
For TOWING. rRKIQHT or CHAS
Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Wart.
A General Assortment of
Magee Stoves and Ranges
The Best in the market.
Ptumblng goods of all kinds on hand. Jo
work done in a workmanlike manner. .
RANGE CAN BS HAD IN AS
TORIA ONLY OF
E. M. MAWBB,
CALL AND EXAMINE IT, YOU
WILL BE 'PLEASED.
E. R. EAWES Is also agent for tn
Ml patent (Mini Store
And other first-class stores.
.Faraaoe Work. SUmk TU-
The best of California and Foreign
Wines and Liquors
Kept Constantly on Hand
Domestic aad JFrelK Clears T
the beat Brmata.
NATIONAL BREWERY BEER.
On Concomly between Benton and Lata
lm SEOKGE GOEUEK
The new Steamer
N.P.JOHANSEN, - - - Master.
Will leave for TILLAMOOK, oa
FOR SAILING DATES AND PABTIOU
lara apply to J. G. HUSTLE. Mala
street Wharf, Asteria: ALLEN Jfc.LXWlI,
Portland; J. L.BTOBY TUlaaaocE