Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The daily morning Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1883-1899 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 5, 1884)
YOL.XX. NO. 9.
ASTORIA, OHEGON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1884.
PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
NO AMERICAN SAILORS.
Swedes ami German the IJc-t Men Who
Now are Shipped Before tlic 3Iat.
A stranger in walking through the
groups of men that stand about, ap
parently idle, in Irout of the saloons,
the ship chandler stores and the
warehouses along South street, might
not notice that they differed from
laboring men seen elsewhere, except
IRjssibly that they are as a rule, of a
more comfortable appearance. But if
one stops to listen he will hear them
talking, always with a foreign accent,
of ships, ship news, and places in for
eign lands. They are sailors or sea
faring men, or men who get their liv
ing by dealing with seafaring men.
In a part of the street where the
groups are thickest was a little red
and white sign yesterday, which read:
"Give the old man a chance. Uncle
.Toe Bayles. Shipping office." A
narrow stairway led to a third story
front room with low ceiling and a rail
ing that divided the room across the
middle. Colored prints gave variety
to the walls. Men of various colors
and conditions and in all comfortable
attitudes served the same purpose for
. the rest of the room. Behind a desk
witliin the railing was Uncle
Joe and a partner. When asked
whether any difficulty was found in
obtaining sailors, they said : "None
whatever. We are overrun with cer
tain kinds of. men, and can get a good
crew without any delay."
"How many of the crews placed by
you are American sailors, or what pro
portion of each crew is composed of
The two men looked at each other
and then at the questioner for a min
ute, and then one said : "He wants to
know if any Yankees are shipped out
of this port."
'Oh!" said the other. "Ye-es.
Immesee. Was it two or three we
shipped this year ?"
"What nationalitv do vou ship
"Swedes and Germans mostly. Now
and then one or two from all other
nations under the sun except our
own. Captains who come in here tell
us they want Swedes or Germans.
Some take negroes, especially for the
West India trade during the sickly
season. They never call for Irish
men." r "Can you give any reason for this":'
"Yes. Swedes as a class are the
best sailors shipped. They have to
serve some sort of an apprenticeship
in their own vessels when they first
go to sea. Then they will staud more
abuse than any other nationality.
They are docile. They are as healthy
men as can be found anywhere. Ne
groes are good in summer, because
they can lie down on deck when the
tar is running out of the seams and
dripping from the rigging, and sleep
soundly. In winter the cold kills them.
Irishmen are dreaded, because when
disciplined with a marline-spike they
are pretty sure to kick up some sort
of a mutiny. The Dagos and the West
India negroes are treacherous. The
English are good sailors, but we do
not have many of them. They stick
by their line steamships."
"What has become of the Yankee
sailor that used to man the clipper
ships we read of?"
"He doesn't grow any more. Why
should he? What is there to induce
a boy to go to sea? Is it the SIS a
month that he can earn, but not al
ways get, when ho has sailed long
enough to learn his trade? Is it the
salt horse and hard tack that he lives
on? Is it the persuasive fist of the
mate when that gentleman is afflicted
with a sour temper? Can you think
of one reason why a young man
should go to sea?"
"Can't he get promoted if he is en
ergetic and capable?"
"Yes. The law will allow American
ships to take only American citizens
as officers. If the lad is energetic
and capable, as you say, he can, after
five or six years get promoted to a
second mate's berth. That means $o
a month more than the men before
the mast Here, look at this list"
The shipping list of the iron
schooner Josephine -was spread be
fore the questioner. Tho mate had
sicmed for 40 a month, the second
mate at $2o, one seaman at 20, four
at S18, the cook at S5. and an ordi
nary seaman at $14.
"That mate is a first-class man; he
has been to sea for years. The board
and lodging he gets on board are
about equal to what he'd got for $20
a month on shore. So he ranks the
mechanics who get $2.23 a day, with
this difference: The male works 12
hours a day, seven days in the week,
and the mechanic doesn't Is that
enticing to the energetic and capa
ble young man you told about?'
"But this is a coaster."
"Yes. The men before the mast on
the 'Frisco clippers get $16 instead of
$18 a month. That recalls another
thing. As soon as the vessel touches
the dock the men are called down be
low and are paid of " One may bo
kept for ship-keeper, but his pay does
not run on; he only gets his board.
Between the advance pay system,
which fattens the boarding-houses,
and the time he is idle, the sailor does
not handle as much money as the
tailor's apprentice. The Yankee does
not go to sea because he can do bet
ter on shore."
"If you are not making any sailors
where do the mates and captains
"Many of them are naturalized for
eigners. The Americans come from
a certain class of coasters and fisher
men, who ship their crews among tho
neighbors of the owners in the small
ports where they belong. Some o
the captains do not know tar from
puttywhen they first go to sea. The
captain must have the money to buy
an' interest in the vessel before he
can get command of her, sailor or
not If he has enough money and
wants to sail, he can buy into a ship.
His first mate is then at onco com
mander and schoolmaster to the cap
tain until the captain learns how."
A black and white sign in front of
a South street hotel reads: "Want
ed, men for the U. S. Navy. Seamen,
$21.50; ordinary seamen, $17.50; fire
men. S3L50." Mr. Edwin C. Prevost
had charge of the naval shipping
'"Wo wmif nhtaKrcimpn mid ordnmrv
seamen,"' he said. "There are plenty !
of applicants at those wages, but they
are not men we can accept They
are not seamen as the term is under
stood in the naw. An ordinarv sea
man who would be accepted in the
navy would be an able seaman m the
merchant service. The ordinary sea
man in the navy must have had at
lcast three year's sea experience; tho
able seaman six to eight years. Ex
actly six out of seven applicants are
rejected by the medical examiners.
The chief causes are poor eyes and
"How many of them aro Ameri
cans?" "I guebs I haven't had one. It
doesn't pay them to go to sea: the
are loo independent to stand the dis
cipline." "Is the food as jjood in the mer
chant service as in the navy."
"Better. That is, the quality is no
better, but the variety is greater."
"What chance has a boy to enter
"All he wants. The training ships
are open to him. After New Year's
able seamen will get $21 in the nay'."
The chief officer of the United
States steamer Yantic was discussing
with some reporters the conduct of
the sailors at the time the Porteus
sank in the ice. "Do you havo any
trouble in getting good seamen in the
navy?" was asked of the officer. He
answered: "We do. There is no
trouble in getting men who can haul
on a rope, but able seamen whom we
can promote to petty officers are not
to be had." He would oxpress no
opinion on the cause of this condition
Another naval officer said: "The
apprentice are doing welt They will
have the first chance in promotions
to the warrant offices, but that is not
chance enough to fill the navy with
able seamen. Naval officcis will not
often admit it, but if the cadets at
the naval academy were all chosen
from among the apprentices who
could pas- a rigid examination after
three year's service, there would lo
something to induce boys of- energy
and ability to so to sea."'
"Wouldn't the failure of the many
who didn't get promoted drive them
from the navy?'
"No. They would get accustomed
to the manner of life, and the sailor's
instinct, with the new pay rates,
would keep them."'- N. Y.Snn.
Northern Pacific Note-..
New York, Jan. 2. Frederick Bil
lings called upon Villard yesterday
and had a long frafik -talk. Villard
was depressed in spirits. He told
Billings that he was wrecked finan
cially. The latter congratulated him
on the fact that this would deprive
his enemies of their strongest weapon
against him. Villard advised Billings
not to take the presidency mid there
ns some doubt wncincr ne aviu. au
depends upon the manner in which
the place is offered to Billings.
Billings is said to have parted with
none of his holdings of Northern Pa
cific, and retains full faith in the en
terprise. On account of his health
some of his friends think lie would
be unable to retain the presidency if
he accepted. He is credited with
saying: "It is lime the Northern Pa
cific should be separated in the pub
lic mind from the Oregon and Trans
continental, and from the general rep
utation of Villard slocks. I believe
it an ejusy mailer for the Northern
Pacific to earn- all its burden." Vil
lard has, up to this time, made no as
signment of property to the company.
Holmes, his legal . adviser, said he
owed the company nothing.
Wall street men at the Windsor ho
tel, and other up town resorts, yes
terday expressed opinions that Trans
continental stock was worth from
fifty next to nothing. Attention was
called to what was characterized as
important omissions in the statement,
and a lack of definite and detailed in
formation. Among ihe liabilities
that do not appear in the report, is
its guarantee of interest upon the $7,
400,000 of bonds of the uncompleted
Oregon and California railroad, and
of the 2 per cent dividend yearly
its $12,OOT),000 capital stock, for three
years from January 21.
Fabri is out in a card, denying the
interview which appears in the World
as having taken place witn mm, in
which he is made to say that his com
mittee contemplated proceeding a
gainst Villard to recover moneys aris
ing from stock sales. Fabri says: "I
avail myself of this opportunity to
say that while very grave mistakes
have been made by Villard, I have
yet to discover anything that would
reflect unfavorably on the integrity
of his actions or the honesty of his
motives in the management of prop
erties in his charge."
Some queer things happen during
tornadoes. A gentleman traveling in
Louisana was surprised by a .tornado,
and immediately afterward was
nelted liv catfish. One of the fish
knocked him down, and his horse ran
away. Several thousand of the fish
felt They had been scooped up by
the wind from a lake near by.
The Baltimore Weics, says it is pre
posterous to speak of the substantial
succes without intrinsic, unques
tioned merit St. Jacobs Oil, the
great pain-cure, is a most pronounced
example. Its immense sale is due to
A Nasal Injector free with each
bottle of Shilolfs Catarrh Hemedy
Price . cents. Sold by W.E. Dement
J. S. D. GRAY,
winleale and retail dealer in.
GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
LIME, SAND, AND CEMENT.
General storage and Wharfage on reason
able terms. Foot of Becton street. Astoria
Lumbago, Backache. Headache, Toothache,
Sorts Throat, SwclUnc. Sprslnt, BruUes,
Burnt. Scalds. Frost Bite,
JISD ALL OTUEE BODILY MISS AJD ACHES.
Soil tr Druggists and Deileri ewryirbere. Fifty CtnU
bottle. Direction! is 11 Linguges.
THE CHARLES A. VOGELEtt CO.
(SaeeesKnuA-TOUELECftCO.) BalUaore, Si.CS. A.
P w STOMACH
Tlie necessity for prompt and efficient
household remedies is daily crowing more,
imperative, and of these HoMetter's Stom-.u-li
Hitter is the chief in merit and the most
oopular. Irregularity of the stomach and
bowels, malarial fevers, lier complaint, jle
liility. rheumatism and minor ailments, are
thoroughly conquered by this incomparable
family restorative and medicinal safeguard
aud it is justly regarded as the purest and
most comprehensive remedy of its class.
For sale by all Druggists and Dealers gen
entlly. S. ARNDT & FERCHEN,
ASTOKIA. - OKEGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
Boiler Shoti "Y
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC.
THE BEST BRANDS OF TOBACCO.
Cor. Squemoqua and Olney Streets, Astoria.
A. V. Allen,
Wholesale and Retail Healer In
Glass and Piated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
R. M. LEATHERS
Has reopened his boat shop, over Arndt &
Ferchen's, foot of LaFayette stroer, and Is
prepared to tur out
Alili WORK GUARANTEED.
NEAT, CHEAP AND QUICK. BY
Main Street, opposite X. Loeb's.
JOS. P. LEATHERS
Formerly OTcr Arndt & Fcrchen'B Michine Shon
IS BUILDING FIRST-CLASS BOATS IN
the shop formerly occupied by M. John
son on Concomlv street, one block west o
Haasen Bros Mill. Mead, Material aad.
J " CELEBRATED l5
Ed. D. Curtis & Co.
STYLE AND FINISH.
A COMPLETE STOCK.
Hardware ant Ship dantey
A. VAN DUSEN & CO.. -
Hardware and Ship Chandlery,
Pure Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binnacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
Hemp Sail Twine.
Cotton Sail Twine,
Wrought Iron Spikes,
Galvanized Cut Nails.
Paints and Oil.s. Groceries. ic.
The Gem Saloon.
The Popular Resort for Astorians.
Finest of Wines and Liquors
(Jo to the GEM SALOON.
ALEX.CAMLM1ELL. - I'ROPRIETOIt.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Brntok Stkkkt, Xkak Paiikrk House,
ASTORIA. - OREO OX.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Of all DescriptloiiM made to Order
at Short Xotire.
A. D. "Wass, President.
J. G. Husrr.Kii,Secretary,
I. V. Cask, Treasurer.
C. H. BAIN & CO.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
A specialty, and all work Kiwrahteed.
Oak. Ash. Bay. and Walnut lumber ; Ore-
pon and Port Orford Cedar.
All kinds of boat material on baud.
C. II. BAIX A CO.
THE LATEST STYLES
B. B. FRANKLIN'S,
NEXT DOOR TO ASTORIAN OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to select.
Window curtains made to order.
"My patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper
will be found convenient to my patrons.
The London Fisheries Exhibition
HAVE AWARDED THE
The Barlionr Brothers Company
? OF THKIR
FLAX NET THREADS,
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
SI, B. PAItKRR. Prop.,
ASTORIA. - ; V - OREGON.
E. P. PARKER. - Manager and Agent.
Al. CROSBY. - - Day Clerk-
Phil. BOWERS. - - Night Clerk.
.las. DUFFY-has the Bar and Billiard room.
First Class in all Respects.
FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE.
ITIS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is the Best in
lie has" Always on Hand FRESH
Shoal Water Bay and East
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
He lint been Proprietor of the "Anrora
Hotel" In Kaapptoa seven 5 ears.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
A Good Gup of Coffee
AND OYSTERS AT
Mrs. Powell's Coffee House,
On Main Street next to Oregon Bakery.
SEW A.D WELL EQUIPPED
L. Serra has rebuilt his establishment and
ij prepared to accommodate the traveling
A good meal furnished at any hour of the
day or night.
'I he finest Liquors and Cigars at the bar.
Two doors est of Ike Foster'3.
n2S-m LU1GI SERRA.
Announces to tho public that be has located
iu the rooms formerly occupied by the City
Book Store, where he will keep a
Restaurant anil Chop Home
FumNning meals to order at all hours.
Ills patrons will find the tables supplied
with ten or twelve of the best newspapers.
His reputation ns former proprietor nf the
New England Restaurant Is a sufficient
recommendation for his new house.
Boarding and Lodging House.
fhas. Walluian has opened a boarding and
lodging house south of O'Brien's hotel, near
the gas works.
The table Is supplied with the best the
market affords : good food and clean beds
will be furnished at the regular prices.
Give me a call and satisfy yourselves,
Fiffures Hbtot Lie !
OF THE CHOP .HOUSE
Can prove by his hooks that he is doing the
biggest business of any
In the city, and he will guarantee to give
the best meal for cah.
H, B. PARKER,
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Wood Delivered to Order,
Draying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
Mrs T.W. Eaton. 7tlss Florence Carnahan.
Cass Street, next door to Odd Fellows
I. .W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
Corner Chenamos and Cass streets.
ASTOBTA - - - - OREGON
Oregon Railway & Navigation
"O CKAX 3lVIHIOX
During the month of Januaryj 1884, Ocean
Steamers will sail from Portland forSan
Francisco, and from San Francisco for Port
land every 5 dnys, leaving Alns worth. Dock',
Portland, at Midnight, and Spear Street
Wharf, San Francisco, at 10 am.
Through TirketM sold to all principal
cities in the United States. Canada and
Passenger Trains leave Portland for East
ern polnw, at 7 :30 P. M". dally.
UIVEU DniMU.V (Middle ColHmbia).
Boats leave Portland for Dalles af7 :O0
Leave Pon-I i f f l T
land for iMonl Tu. I We.lThu.1 Fn. I S ti
toria and I I
lower Co-1 I
Dajton. Or.; AM J
Salem ....J K AM
Victoria.BCK AMjG AM
hAM 6AM CAM
, 16 AM
Leaves Astoria for Portland at H a. in. daily ex
Pnltman Palace Cara running between Port
land, and St. Paul.
C. H. PKESCOTT. JOHN WOTB,
Manager. Sup't of Trarac
A. L. STOKES. E. P. ROGERS,
Assist. Sup't. General Agent
of rraffic. Passenger Dep't.
Oregon & California R. R
OREGON & TRANSCONTINENTAL
On and after Dec 2d, 18S3. trains will run as
follows : DAIL (Except Sundays).
Between rOKTLA.ND and GRANT'S PASS
Portland 7 :30A.Minrant'sPassl:20 A. m.
Grant'sFass 10:ioi mi Portland ......4:25 v. M.
ALBANY EXPRESS TRAIN.
Portland :00 i M.'Lcbanou 9 0 1. it
Lebanon 4 :15 a. at. Portland... 10 :03 a. it
The Oregon and" California Railroad Ferry
makes connection with all Regular Trains
on Eastsidc Division.
Between Portland ami 'rvnllin
Portland 9 rfX) a. M.ICorvalli- 4 :30 v. M.
Corvallis 8 :o0 a. m. (Portland 3 0 p.m.
Portland 5 :00 v atlMcMlnnvllle 8 :00 pm
McMlnnvlIle5:i5 a M'Portland 8 Dau
Close connections made at Grant's Pass
with the Stages of the Oregon and Califor
nia Stage Company.
csl'ickets for sale at all the principal
points In California, at Company's Offlce,
Corner F and Front Sts., rortland, On
Trelght will not be received for shipment
after 5 o'clock p.m. on either the East or
West side Division.
A, L. &TOKEN
sup't. of Traffic.
Ilwaco Steam Navigation Go.'s
Astoria to Fort Steuens. Fort Car.by,
Connecting by stages and boats for
Oysterville. Montesano and Olympia
-KRa Until further notice the Ilwaco
SSmUb Steam Navigation Co.'s steamer
ill leave Astoria
On Mondays Thursdays, and Saturdays
(Oysterville and Montesano mail days.
at 7 A. M.
Ft.Stevens, Ft. Canby and Ilwaco
Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Fridays
The steamer will leave Astoria at 9 a. m.,
as formerly, not being confined strictly to
Fare to Fort Canby and Ilwaco,.,
JSyilwaco freieht, by the ton. In lots of
one ton or over, $2 per ton,
jap-For Tickets, Towage or Charter ap
ply at the office of the company, Gray's
wharf, foot of ftenton street.
.1. II. D. GRAY,
Shoalwater Bay Transportation Co.
Astoria to Olympia,
Fort Stevens, Fort Canny, Ilwnn.
North IScnrh.OyNtervilie. .N'orth
Cove. Petersonx Point. IIo-
quluiu, .lion ionium.
And all points on Shoalw ater Day. and (inn
Strs. or ) On Columbia Ititn
GEN. GARFIELD " Shoalwater H
" MONTESANO " Graj s Harboi
Connecting with Stages over rortages.
Leave Astoria for Olympia, at - - 7 A. 31.
On Mondays, Thursdays and Saturday,
arriving at Montesano the day after leaving
Astoria through trip in 00 hours.
Leave Olympia for Astoria on same days.
Columbia Transportation Co.
The popular steamer
Which has been reflttedfor the comfort o
passengers will leave Wilson and
Fisher's dock every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6
A.M. arriving at Portland atl P. M.
Returning leaves Portland every
Tuesdays and Thursdays at 6 A. M.
Arriving at Astoria at 1 P. M.
An additional trip will be made on
Sunday of Each Week,
Leaving Portland at 9 o'clock
Passengers by this route connect at Kalama
for Sound ports. U.B. SCOTT,
Q IC. THOMSON,
Attorney and CoHnsclir at Law.
Room Nd. 6, Over WblttfHome,
, ASTORIA. OREUON.
aW.FULIOK, . O.C.TCLTON.
Rooms 5 and 6, Odd Fellows .Building.
ATTORNEY AT UW,
Chenamus treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
Q J. CUSTIS,
ATTT AT LAW.
Notary Public, Commissioner of Deeds fe:
California, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. Rooms 3 and 4. Odd Fellows Building. As
N.B -Claims at Washington. D. C, and
collections a specialty.
A V. AI,L.E.,
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
U C. IIOLDEN,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
Q.ELO F. PARKER.
Clatsop County, and City ef Aaterla
Office :-Chenamus street, Y. M. C. A. hall
Room No. 8.
TK. 3J. C. BO ATM AX,
Physician and Surgeon.
Rooms a and 10, Odd Fellows Bulhllnsr.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Office Rooms l, 2, and 3. Pythian Build
ing. Residence Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
TCI P. HICKS,
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON
Rooms In Allen's building up stain, corner
Late of Fort Stevens, has come to Astoria
for the purpose of practicing
MEDICINE AND SURGERY.
Will visit patients In the country and city.
Office in Odd Fellows Bulldlnu. Residence
above Catholic Church.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part o1 Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAB.
NATIONAL, and A3D3RICAN LTNE.
Prepaid tickets to or from any European
For full information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
QKO. P. WHEELER.
VT. L. KOBB.
WHEELER & EOBB.
Seal Estate i hwm Apts.
We have very desirable property In As
toria and Upper Astoria for sale. Also, tine
farms throughout the county.
Accounts carefully adjusted and collec
We represent the
Itoynl, Norwich Union and Xianca
Mhire Insurance Ce's.,
With a combined capital of S38.O00.O00.
Travelers JLife and Accident Insur
ance Co, of Hartford, and the Man
hattau liife Insurance Co..
of New York.
We are agents for the Daily and Weekly
Northwest News, and the Oregon Vidette.
All business entrusted to our caro will re
ceive prompt attention.
Advances made on Consignments.
W. E. DEMENT & CO.
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON
Carry ia Stock,
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET
Prescriptions carefully Compounded