Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 28, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon, Tuesday Morning, August 28, 1883
IN CL'ATSOP AS-WELL AS IN
Those who are looking for lands
are insured that this is a healthy
climate, has a rich productive soil,
and peculiarlyidapted to the rais
ing of -wheat, oats, and other
grains and grasses, and will pro
duce all kinds of fruits, except
those grown in tropioal regions,
in abundance. They then ask the
price of different productB, and
the amount of grain that can be
grown, on an average, per acre
and are informed that wheat is
worth about 90 cents per bushel,
and we can grow, upon an average
20 bushels per acre, and oats are
now worth 75 cents per bushel,
and we can grow, on an average,
50 bushels per acre.
They are involuntarily led to
ask, why arc oats worth 75 cents
per bushel when they can be prof
itably grown at half that price, if
the soil will produce so luxuriant
ly as it is represented to do? And
why is it that so large an amount
of feed is shipped into the state, if
it can be successfully grown here?
"Why is it that so many farmers
are buying hay and grain at fabu
lous priees, if his lands can pro
duce them? The eastern farmer's
political economy, "which he has
learned by experience, teaches
him that it is neither good econo
my or profitable to buy that
which he can grow successfully
and pay double therefor that it
costs to grow it.
He has learned that the strength
and wealth of a country depends
largely upon its capacity to be
self-sustaining; that a farming
community that cannot provide
its own resources of life, is not a
profitable place for a farmer to buy
He sees that a large quantity of
our butter, feed, vegetables and
other products that ought to be
grown and produced here, are im
ported from California; and asks,
what have you to export in return?
You answer we have our wheat,
wood, and fruits.
Yes you have wheat, wood and
fruit, but if you can grow good
oats why do you sow most of your
land to wheat, when it will not
grow to exceed about 20 bushels
per acre on an average, at an ag
gregate of 90 cents per bushel, or
$18 per acre, whon you can grow
50 bushels of oats, on an average,
to the acre, that is now worth 75
cents per bushel, which would
yield you $37.50 per acre, giving
you an income of 10.50 in your
favor, if you would sow your lands
Again if you can grow fruits so
abundantly why is your market
flooded with canned fruits from
California, when you say they can
be produced so luxuriantly here?
Why do you pay prices for Cali
fornia butter that is of an inferior
grade, that exceeds the market
price of superior butter in New
York cit3r, if you can manufacture
it upon the farm you are now of
fering me upon which to make my
living? It cannot be that your
lands will not produce a good
quality or quantity of grapes, for
you certainly have an abundance
of pure, cold running water and a
climate peculiarly adapted to but
ter making, and much preferable
to any of the eastern states.
There must be something wrong
somewhere. (JoquiUc Herald,
Any person has the right to
change his name as he may see fit.
without receiving authority to do
so, either from the courts or the
legislature, and without formality
or notice of any kind. At the
same time there are two .methods
of changing names that are ex
pressly provided by law, and that
may be resorted to at the option of
persons desiring to take such a
step; one being by an order of a
county court, the other by act of
the legislature, usually passed in
response to a petition from the
person interested. The proceed
ing by order of court is the sim
pier and more expeditious, and is
much more frequently resorted to
"It certainly is an elegant rem
edy, for,all pains and aches," says
DrJ .-Turnery of bhirrell's Ford
SS. i.,speaKing oi or. jacous uu
St. Helen's Bar.
The work undertaken was sue-j
cessfully accomplished and St.
Helen's bar is no more an impedi
ment to navigation for this year.
A channel ViO feet wide and 22
feet deep at low water has been
secured. The work was com
menced on Thursday, August 1G,
and was coriipleted on the 24th,
the time employed being one day
over a week. The actual time
employed in the running of the
propeller wheel as given in the
log of the engineer of the M fill"
Walla, is as follows: August
15, 3:25; 17, 3:25; IS, 10:05; 19,
8:20; 20, 11; 21, S; 22, 9:15; 23,
7:25; and 24, 5:30, making a total
of G7 hours and 40 minutes. The
work of cutting this year was
done more in a line with the cur
rent than last year. Then the
shortest distance across the bar
was taken. This year the line of
the channel, as directed by the 17.
S. engineers, was taken, and this
runs diagonally across the bar,
making a distance cut through of
1,000 feet in length. The average
depth cut was six feet, the great
est depth of sand removed being
eleven feet at the highest point of
the bar. The process consists in
directing a current of water by
the power of the propeller wheels
against the bank of sand with
such force as to drive the sand
before it and force it aside and out
of the way very much as a person
should turn a strong stream of
water from a hose into a loose pile
of dirt or sand. There is this
difference, that in the river the
fine sand is stirred up into the
water and a good portion borne
off into the receding current at
some distance before it is again
denosited. The process of drill-
ing into the sand by means of a
strong head of water is commenced
at the bar up the river and con
tinued on from day to da' until
the entire bar has been traversed.
When the lower side is reached
there is quite a high bank of sand
in front of the propeller wheel,
but the process is continued on
into deep water, carrying the
mass beiore it until it all falls be
low the force of the wheel and out
of the way of passing vessels.
Mr. Gates went through his chan
nel after the work had been com
pleted and found that 22 feet of a
channel had been made, which is
depth enough for all vessels to
this port. There will be at least
20 feet of water in this channel at
the lowest stage of the water this
season. The Walla Wlla while
performing this sluicing proccss,(or
perhaps n migni tie ueuer u-nnuu
, - . i . i t. .... ... . n
anchored in triangular manner, so
as to hold her against the bur and
ki position while the wheel was in
motion. Two anchors were
placed down stream at a distance
apart and one up the river. The
column of water was directed in
the channel from side to side by
means of the Walla Walla's,
rudder. As the sand banks would
be sluiced away? the cables were
extended or shortened, as the case
might require, and the steamer
moved down nearer to the bank.
And so the process went on until
Joining the Track.
She was tied toiretlipr hist
"Wednesdav- at fifteen minutes past j
2. On Tuesday night there was aj
vacancy of a little over nine miles j
leaving four and a half miles for j
each force of workmen to finish, i
A red flag was placed at the half- j
way point on the gap, and each J
force of workmen determined to!
be there first, if such a thing lay j
in their power. At an early hour j
they were at work, and the force j
from the western end had com-1
ploted two miles before S o'clock. '
At 1:30 they had reached the goal,!
at Independence creek, and after j
laying- about 200 feet beyond their J
district, they ceased work, and
waited for the boys from the other
way. The eastern end arrived at
2.15, and the last rail was laid and
the last spike driven amid the
waving of handkerchiefs from the
ladies; and vociferous, cheering
from the 500 or more men present!
to see the completion. Among
the guests on hand to enjoy the
final triumph was Major Maginnis,
and in response to an invitation
he came forward and delivered a
short but eloquent addres?, saying
that just twenty years ago that
day, representatives of the North
ern Pacific had met to compare
notes in a cabin on Gold creek,
but a few miles from the spot
where the final triumph was now
being celebrated. He dwelt at
some length upon the benefits
which the road would confer upon i
Montana, and eulogized the en
gineers and contractors who had
so willingly and efficiently pushed
the work to the final completion
of to-day, connecting both eastern I
and western Montana with the
civilization of the Atlantic and
Pacific coasts. lie was enthusi
astically cheered at the close of his
remarks. A large number of vis
itors from Helena, Deer Lodge,
Pioneer and Missoula were present,
and shook hands in joyous greet
ing over the happy event. .17.
novlian Aug. 21.
The following circular has been
sent from Washington to the dif
ferent land offices in Oregon and
Tt appears that under certain
decisions of this office and the de
partment a practice has grown up
at several district land offices of
admitting pre-emption claims or
homestead entries for land in sec
tions withdrawn for indemnity
under grants to aid in the con
struction of railroads, to remain of
record awaiting the final adjust
ment of the grant when, if the
land is not needed in satisfaction
thereof, such entries or claims may
In view of the probability that a
large proportion of the land in the
indemnity limits will be required
to satisfy several grants in which
indemnity is provided, it is evi
dent that a continuance of the
practice of allowing entries of
such lands will result in detriment
rather than benefit to settlers,
man of whom would find that the
lands entered by them were need
ed to make up the losses within
the granted limits. In such an
event the settler must either pur
chase the land at the price fixed
by the companj' or lose his im
provements and the benefits of his
labor. In the decision cited, the
The advantage to settlers in
awaiting the adjustment of the
claims of the railroad companies
for indemnity, and the restoration
to unconditional entry of the lands
withdrawn but not needed for
their purpose, over the practice of
admitting entries and holding
them to await the result of the
:irlinstmont nf the rrrants. hv which
settlers are kept in doubt for an
j: ; 7 .
I indefinite period, with ultimate
loss 10 many, is too piain lor lur-
The secretary's decision bciti"
applicable to all withdrawals foi
indemnity purposes under rail
road grants, you are directed to
refuse applications for lands thus
withdrawn, except where the appli
cant alleges settlement prior to
the date of receipt of the order of
withdrawal at the local office.
This powder never varies. A man-el o
purity. Mrenplh and "ivliDlesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot he sold In competition with the mul
titude oi low test short weight, alum or
phosphate powders. Soldonhifn cniw. Kov
ai. Baking Powdku Co.. iog Wali-st. X. Y.
Sleepless Nights, made miserable
by that terrible couph. Sbllnh's Cure Is
the remedy for you. Sold bv W. E. Dement
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, SiveI
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all ether
Pains and Aches.
No Preparation on earth equals Sr. Jacobs Oil
cj a afe, sure, simple aud cheap External
BemeJj. A trial entails bnt tho conparstirelj
trifling oatlav of SO Cents, and erery antr.
ln with rain can haro cheap and podtmQBb?
of its claims.
Directions in Eleven LtnjrcagM.
BOLD BY ALL D2TJGGI8T3 DEALERS
A. VOGELER & CO.,
lialtimore, 2tfiL, IT. S. A.
On August 7, says the ITelena
JiuhpPAifotit, the first Northern
Pacific train to cross the main
range of the Kocky mountains
passed over the overhead line. Tt
consisted of a locomotive and six
loaded cars. They made the trip
with ease showinc: the overhead
line to be perfectly practical and
a thorough success. This is the
highest point on the Northern
Pacific between St. Paul and
Portland, lh altitude being about
6,000 feet. Helena is now con
nected by rail with the Pacific
SYMPTOMS OF WORMS.
The countenance Is pale and leaden
colored, with occasional Hushes of a cir
cnmrilied spot on one or lxth cheeks;
tite eyes Income dull; the pupils dilate;
an :izure semicircle runs along the lower
eye-lid ; tne nose is irritated, swells, aim
sometimes bleeds; a swelling of the upper
lin: occasional headache. Willi humming
or throbbing of the ears; an unusual se
cretion of saliva; slimy or furred tongue;
breath very foul, particularly in the morn
ing; upiH-tite variable, sometimes vora
cious, with a gnawing sensalion of tho
filonv.u-h; at othcrs,cntirely gone; Meeting
TMiins in the stomach: occasional nausea
and vomiting; violent pains throughout
the aixlomcn; Doweis irregular, at. tunes
costive; stools slimy, not unfrcquently
tinged with iiioou neuy swouen ami nam ;
urine turbid ; respiration occasionally difli
cull and accompanied by hiccough ; cough
sometimes dry and convulsive; uneasy and
dlst urlH-d sleep, with grinding of the teeth ;
temper variable, butgenerally Irritable.
Whenever tin alnive symptoms aro
found to exist,
DR. C. McLAXE'S VERMIFUHE
will certainly effect a cure.
la buying Vermifitco be sure you cr.t
tll.'uenuilieDK. C. IHrkANE'S VliKMI
rrtlK, manufactured by ricmiiijc llros.,
il Wood Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. The
in .-"icet is full of counterfeits. You will
lh risht if it has the signature of rient
iii Itros. and C. McLane.
if vour .storekeeper does not liavo the
genuine, please report to us.
Send us a three cent ttainp for 1 hund
fomc advertising cards.
FLE3II!i(i imOS., Pittsburgh, Pa.
jfe, . STOMACH &
II ostettcr's Stomach Bitters, by increasing the
vital power, and rendering tho physical func
tions rozular and active, keeps the syjtom in
good working order, and protect it against
disease. For constipation, dyspepsia and liv
er complaint, aervousnc.3, kidney and rheu
matic ailments, it is invaluable, and it affords
a suro defeneo ngainn malarial fevers, beside
removing nil traces of such disease from the
For sale by all Drupzist.s and Dealers
KSTAISLISUKU IX 1S52.
AEMES & DALLAM,
Manufacturers and Importers of
Wooden and Willow Ware
Twines, Brooms, Brushes, Baskets,
PnlI,Tubi, Churn. -Washboards, Hope
Cordage, "Wrapping Papers, Paper
Kags, Building Papers, Jlafchcx.
HaBdlcs, Clothes Wrlnscrs, Car
pet Svreeprrs, Fcalucr oust
ers, Stationery, Ve.
230 and 232, Front Street,
SAN FRANCISCO, CAT..
iK.TSLS AND RESTAURANTS.
11. 11. I'.YKKF.Xt
k. r. parker.
.I.i-. HUFFY ha-
- - OREGON.
Manager and Agent.
the Barand Billiard room.
Pirst Class in all Respects,
FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE.
IT IS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is the Best in
has Always on Hand FRESH
Slioal "Water Raj- nnl "Enst-
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
He ha been Proprietor of the "AHrora
Hotel" in Knappton seven years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
Reftttcd throughout : theTable .supplied
with Hit bet : the beds rlean and comfort
able. A First:elass House.
Hoard bv the week.
Meals "to order.
.1. O, ROSS, Proprietor.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
3Ica!M 2.1 oeiils and upward a.
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Wood Ocllvevert to Order,
Graying, Teaming and Express Business,
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
CANNERY SITE FOR SALE.
mi IE I'HOl'EKTY KNOWN AS A. 1. CO.'S
X Net Ihieks. adjoining Fort Canby.O)23Vl
foot imats. good for Baker's Bay or up river
iisiiinjc : H net rarKs complete ; irontage ,.w
ieet riitmiiiK u deep water: one- mock on
shore with mess house.
This is tlit most convenient place for
salmon nets, tr.ijw and seines and decidedly
the best location on the Columbia river for a
"Will sell for cash or will take stock with
satisfactory t ishermen's Packing Co.
IE EMI 1 CO.
Cor. of Ciii'iianms and Kenton Streets,
ASTOKIA. - - - OltEGOX,
Have tliu best facilities for furnlbhinff
Of all kinds, of any firm in the citv
FOR S .l. Xjs JEJ
CHAS. H. WILLIAMSON & CO.
-VTOW IS TIIK TIME TO BUY A HOME
IN before the Ball Boad comes.
o Have lots lor sale in all the auditions
in MeClure s lots, ramiins from ono hundred
and twenty-live dollars to four thousand
In Shivelv's we have two lots 9 and 10 in
blklS that are in a splendid location and
easy of acess. for SI'jO.oo each ; also lot 5 in
dik o.. men is irnuun?. ior tww.w.
In Adair's Astoria we have a number of
fine lots on. or near the Boadway travelled
Iliad..,.,,.- f.p cilu -if M-icmi'ilila nrli.no
"In Aldetiirook we have thirteen (13) lots
which we will sell for $550.00 each, to those
who will Improve.
We have also water front on the river just
below town ; also 100 acres on Voting's Biver
Spiles for Sale.
In lot-; to suit purchasers, at market prices
Oftlce mi Genevelve Street.
Mips of Astoria, complete. Scale 400 feet
to nu inch. Price, S10.00 each.
For sale by
CHAS. II WILLIAMSON & CO,
HQRTHERH PACIFIC RAILROAD,
Oregon Railway & Navigation Co.
Oregon & California Itallroad Co.
Granfl Celetatioi at PortM,
On SritcmIerlOtIi and 11th.
Account completion of the Northern Ii
ciQc It. B,
Bound Trip Tickets have been placed on
suiearatiiicKcisiniionsat 40 per cent, re
Tickets good from Sept. Sth to 13th, both
JOHX MUIR K. P. ROGERS A. L. STOKRS
Snpt of Traffic Gen'IAg't. Asstbnpt Traffic
To Whom it Hay Concern.
WHEREAS. rY WIFE, ANNIE NESS
IT has left my bed and board with.
out just cause or provocation, this is to
caution all iiersons from harboring or trust
ing iier. as i win pay no unisoi nercontract
ing niter tuts iiate.
Oiney, Or., August 0, l$S3. d&w
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms,-Lumfter.
aji kinds or JSjBS TaRWrXETG
OAK LUMBER, ianS
Boat Material, Etc. SIS a specialty.
I Boats of all Kinds Made to brder. j
E-Orders from a distance promptly attended
S. AB.NDT & EERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
Ail kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bentox Strkkt, Near 1'arkek Housk,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAM MOTE EMES
Boiler Work. Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Of all Descriptions made to Order
at Short Notice.
A. D. "Wass, rresldent.
.J. G. Hustleh, Secretary,
I. W. Cask, Treasurer,
jonx Fox, Superintendent.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
EfAll goods sold at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite Parker House, Astoria, Oregon.
BUY THE BEST !
Salmon Net Threads
Woodberry, and Needle Brands.
CORK MD LEAD LINKS.
Fish. Poandg, Heine, and Nets
Imported to Order. A
AND FISH HOOKS.
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
HENRY DOYLE & CO.,
617 and 519, MARKET STREET
53TAgenLs for the Pacific Coast.
FOARD & STOKES,
WE HAVE OPENED AGAIN
In Hume's New Building,
And are Beady to Supply
the Wants of Our
A FULL STOCK
to, and satisfaction guaranteed In all cases
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and O.Odd Fellows Building.
jg O. 1IOJLDKX..
I AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
cin? a vni? a (iu'T
JAY TUTT1E, 31. I.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Okfick Booms 1, 2, and S.rythian Build
ing. Besidkxck Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
Q.EIiO F. PARKER.
Clatsop County, and City or Astoria
Offlee :-Chenamus street, Y. M. C A. hall
Boom No. 8.
ASTORIA, - - OREGON
Booms In Allen's building up stairs, corner
f Cass and Snemocqhe stret .
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
CheimmusStreet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
J J. JOXEM,
Ship and Steamboat Joiner
QK. .J. K. LaKORCE,
Room 11, Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for painless extraction
Q .T. CUItTIS ,
ATT'Y AT LAW.
Notary Puhlic, Commissioner of Deeds for
California, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. Booms 3 and -1. Odd Fellows Building, As
N. It. Claims at Washineton. D. C and
collections a specialty.
OEO. I. WIIKKLEK. V. I.. BOBB.
WHEELER & ROBB.
REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE, AND
Real Estate bought and sold on Commis
Accounts adjusted aud BilLs collected.
Correspondence from abroad solicited.
J3?0flice in Hume's new building, on Sque-
nioqua street, next uoor to t oaru stoKes.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part oi Europe.
1AM AGENT FOB TIE FOLLOWING
welt known and commodious steamship
STATE LINK, BED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
rrepaid tickets to or from any European
For full information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
BOZOETH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and General Insurance
ASTOJUA, - Oregon.
WK WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
pm. State Investment. Hambunr, Bre
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travellers' Life
and Accident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N. V.
We have tho onlv complete sec oi townsmp
maps in the county, and liave made arrange
ments to receive applications, tilings, and
final nroofs on Homesteads. Preemptions.
Timber Lands, etc.. having all the official
blanks tnereior. our maps can ne exam
ined in the ofllce. upon the payment of a
We also have for sale city property in As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
Bents, and other collections inado. and
Grace Church Parish School.
Bear of Church Building.
THIS SCHOOL WILL RE-OPEN MON
dav, September 3,188:1. The moral train
ing or the children will be carefully watched,
and made a special point. In addition to
the ordinary course of study there will be
instruction in the elements of Vocal 3Iu
Hir, Drawing and Calisthenics. If
found desirable or expedient, classes will bo
formed In Higher Mathematics, Botany, As
tronomy. Advanced Music and Drawing,
for which light extra charges will be made.
Terms S2 a month, strictly in advance.
REV. M.D.WILSON. - - Bector
MISS ANNIE W. CURTIS, - Principal
MISS 31. C. TRENCHARD, - - Assistant
For fntther particulars applv-to
REV. 5f.D. WILSON.