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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon, Sunday Morning, August 5, 1883
ENGLAND'S WAR POWER.
By her insular position England
has enjoyed immunity from foreign
invasion erer since the successful
adventure of the "Normans eight
hundred and forty years ago; for
the incursion of William of
Orange was rather invited than
repelled by the majority of Eng
lishmen, and therefore was not to
be treated as a foreign invasion.
With probably the best army
ever mustered in Europe, Bona
parte drew back from his design
to cross the channel in 1803 be
cause the French fleet was not a
reliable support for his transports
as against the naval power Eng
land had at hand for the struggle.
But since the beginning of the
era of steam and armored ships
the insular security of England
lias been much impaired, and if an
army'as numerous and complete
in all its equipments as that of
Napoleon in 1S03 should now at
tempt to invade England, support
ed by an armored fleet nearly
equal to her own, the chances of a
successful landing would be very
great. Once landed the conquest
of the country might be as easy
and as rapid as that of the Nor
mans. On the 21st of last June
General "Wolseley testified before
a lomt committee of the two
houses of parliament on the sub
ject of the proposed channel tun
nel, which he condems on purely
defensive military ground. In the
course of his testimony he said the
construction of the tunnel would
add to existing dangers of inva
sion others which could not be
overstated. And he added that
jsven nowtCthe invasion of Eng
land by an army from France is a
feasible operation, and will con
tinue to be so until the country is
put in a proper state of defense."
This startled the committee, and
the General was asked to explain
what he meant by a "proper state
of defense." He replied that "if
all the men in the service should
be called out we would have half a
million men with muskets, but
cannot call them soldiers." There
are not indeed as many as G0,000
real soldiers in the United King
dom, and niost of them are neces
sarily kept in Ireland. And should
France or any other strong mili
tary and naval power undertake
the invasion of the United King
dom, Ireland, as the weakest point,
would be first assailed, and Eng-
laud necessarily stripped of the
handful of regulars she kept there.
By comparison with the great
military nations of the continent,
England has but the shadow or
skeleton of an army. She has
considerable armed militia, but
the late war between Franee and
Germany showed clearly that an
armed militia is not reliable against
a real army. The Red Prince,
with 70,000 Germans, was an
overmatch for Chanzey, the ablest
of all the French Generals, with
double the number of raw con
scripts. "I believe," said General
Wolscle', "that if a foreign power
were to get possession of a chan
nel tunnel it would be impossible
for us to ever raise our heads
again as an independent power."
And when the possibility of a
counter invasion of the foreign
power by England was hinted at,
said Wolseley: "As to our In
vading France with our present
army, it would bo the act of a
These are the arguments which
defeated the channel tunnel. They
may be, as John Bright thinks they
are, unsound and trifling, but they
are military and go to the root of
England's present weakness as a
military and naval power by con
trast with the great powers of the
continent If, so General Wolse
ley says, her navy does not pro
tect her even now against invasion
from France, the plain inference is
that the French navy is superior
to the British, and this opinion has
recently strengthened both here
and in England. Chronicle,
. Puny, weak, and sickly children
are made healthy and strong by UBing
.brown b iron .Bitters.
.i;Hackmetack,,' a lasting and fra
t jrr&nt perfume. Price 23 and 50 cents,
Sold by W. E. Dement
Gould's Youthful Exploits.
Before Jay Gould was 21 years
of ase it seems he had evolved in
his own mind that great plan of
forming construction companies
b means of which those who have
conceived great enterprises have
been able to realize large profits
without expending any considera
ble amount of their own money,
and which has given us a brood of
railroad millionaires whose indi
vidual wealth would, had it been
possesscd in ancient times, have ;
eliminated Cro?sus from history as
a type of abnormal wealth, in mod-1
em romance have trebled the pal
try estimate of 20,000,000 given
as the wealth of Monte Christo,
and later has checked anv tenden
cy to specify any single 1'othschild
as the richest man in the world.
Not being a railroad man at that
time, he conceived the idea of
constructing the largest tannery
on earth, and although poorer
than a church mouse, he succeeded
in carrying out his scheme. He
broached it to Colonel Zadoc Pratt
of Prattsville. N. Y., then the
John Jacob Astor of Ulster coun
ty, and susceptible to flattery, say
ing: "Colonel, you are a statesman,
farmer, tanner and sheep grower.
You ought to make yourself more
famous Gtill by building the larg-
fct- fnllnilri' lit Ittrt itrrkrlrl "
Itr it i g i i t
"Bv Georre! I would, said the
Colonel, "if 1 knew where I could
get plenty of bark."
This was enough lor Jay Gould.
He went to what is now known as
Gouldsborough,a great bark region ,
and seduced the natives, whom he
impressed with the advantages to
them of having the biggest tan
nery in the world in their midst,
to such an extent that they readi
ly made contracts to supply suffi
cient bark at 25 cents a cord for
twenty-five years. Although the
name of Colonel Pratt was used
in securing these contracts, they
were all taken out in his own
name, and the constructing price
was so favorable to him as to make
it virtually a popular subscription
to and guaranty of theundertak
ing. Colonel Pratt was :istonished at
the success of the j'oungster and
told him to go ahead and he would
furnish the nionej-, and the firm of
Pratt & Gould was formed, which
soon did so large a business that
banking facilities became necessa
ry and Gould organized a wild-cat
bank at Gouldsborough (named af
ter its great patron),in which he in
duced all his relations to take
stock, as he was under age, and
appoint him their proxy. Gould
afcerwsris withdrew 25,000 of
the bank's money and deposited it
with Messrs. Leupp & Lee in New
York, where it later did him &ome
good. All this time Colonel Pratt
was putting money into the busi
ness, getting experience all the
time, but no cash. He got scared
and sent a trusty friend to Goulds
borough to investigate,who report
ed, "You had better get out of there
or Gould will break you up." He
met Gould in New York and of
fered to sell out to him for $10,000
or pay him $10,000 to quit the
business. Greatly to his surprise
Gould took up the former propo
sition and bought out the tannery.
Crop prospects east und west of
the mountains are more cheerful
than even a week ago. Wo have
seen a letter from Whitman coun
ty to a business firm here stating
that quality and yield are better
than for 1SS2, and improve on
what was anticipated a short time
since. Moderately cool weather
enables grain to ripen well every
where. Here in the Willamette
valley, as well as up the Columbia
river, Western Oregon will show
a good crop south of this valley,
and in many parts of this valley
crops are really good. Mr. Her
ren of Salem mills puts the valley
crop at three fourths of a full
yie Id. Villamette Farmer.
Capt. O'Farrell, of Chicngo,Ills.,
says: "I am only too happy that
T used St. Jacobs Oil. My leg
was suddenly crippled with rheu
matism, and my sufferings were
extreme. I used St Jacobs Oil,
and it cured me."
From Washington comes a por
tion of Capt. Powell's report con
cerning river and bar improve
ment. Thi object of these im
provements is to secure to naviga
tion a ship channel twenty feet
deep at low water. The appro
priation for the work to date has
been 5005,305. of which $100,000
w;is appropriated by the Act of
1SS3. The amount available on
July 1, JSS3, was $12,1GS, and the
amount required for the comple-
tion of the work is estimated at
SI 83,030. For the improvement
5,t the mouth of the Columbia
river, Or., and Washington Terri
tory, the plan consists in building
a jetty from the South Cape to
the entrance on the suit. There
is attached a detailed hydrograph
ic survev of the mouth, including
the harbor now beinir made. The
Act of 1882 appropriated $7,500
for the work, of which S2,0G5 re
mains unexpended. lhe esti
mated cost of the completion of
the work is $500,000.
A man leaped from a railway
car while in motion, only once, but
it was a fatal leap. A youth who
was unable to swim ventured out
into the water beyond his depth,
only once, and he never came
back alive. A clerk who had
made a good record and gained
the confidence of his employers
tried the experiment of taking and
. . n
using a little money for an emer
gency, intending to restore it
again, but the act was discovered
and it struck dead his reputation
A hot-tempered man gave way,
only once, to a furious impulse,
but in that one tempest of passion
he struck n cruel blow that left its
deep marks for a lifetime. Only
once did a young girl tamper with
a seducer, but it blasted her life
for time and eternity. Beware of
risking the "onty once." One
shot is enough to kill. One word
is enough to embitter a lifetime.
One rash act may darken the sky
of hope forever.
This powder never varies. A marvel o
purity, strength and wholesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannot lie sold in competition with the mul
titude of low test short weight, alum or
phosphate jHiwders. Saldunlu in cam. Hov-
A u MAKING rflwOEK Co.. 100 Wall-St. A. .
King of the Bloodj
Is not a "cure all," It Is a blood-purifier and
tonic. Impurity of the blood poisons the sys
tem, deranges the circulation, and thus in
duces many disorders, known by different
names to distinguish them accordiugto ef
fects, but being really branches or phases of
that great generic disorder. Impurity or
ItIood. Such are Dyspcpxta, Hilllomnots,
Liver Complaint, Constipation, Xcrcou DU
onlem. Headache, Backache, General Weak
ji&m. Heart DUcajte, Dropsy. Kidney Ditcatc,
Plica, llhciimatltm. Catarrh, Scrotula, Skin
Disorder, Pimple. Ulcer. Sictlllna, Ac.
dc liins of the Ulood prevents and
cures these by attacking the came. Impurity
of tlte blood. Chemists and physicians agree
in calling it "the most genuine and efficient
preparation for tlte purpose." Sold by Drug
gists. SI per bottle. See testimonials, direc
tions, &c,. In pamphlet, "Treatise on Diseases
ot tin Blood." wrapped around each bottle.
D. KANSOM, SON & Co.. Props
Buffalo. N. Y.
Farm For Sale.
THE "BUCKEYE TARM"
ON BLIND SLOUGH. TIIItEE MILES
above Knappa, consisting of ico acres
0 acres under cultivation ntnl fnti iimlMT
for coO.Ooo feet of logs and an Immense quan
tity of cord wood, which Is easilv accessible.
Is forsale. There is good range for 10 or 12
ueau tu cows.
Finest Water In the World,
on the Place,
For terms, etc, apply to J. G. ROSS. Pion
eer nesiaurant, Astoria, or to 1). G. 1IOSS,
vu me- i'ivii5c. uw-j m-au t
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
Ko Preparation on earth equals St. Jacou Oil
ti a safe, sure, simple and cheap External
Beaedjr. A trial entails bnt the comparatively
triflloj; outlay of 50 Cnt, and every one suffer
ing with pain can biTo cheap and po:tire proof
cf its claims.
Directions In X3eTen languages.
BOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS AHD DE ALEB3
A. VOGELER, &v CO.,
Baltimore, XTd., V. 3. A.
The immigration to this coun
try for the twelve months preced
ing the 1st of July amounted to
599,11-i. This is a decrease of
189,S7S from the twelve months
SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASED LIVER.
Pain in the right .iUi tinder cdst !
ribs, increasing on pressure; sometimes
the pain is on the left side; tiic jntient is
rarely able to lu on tliulefl side; some
times the pain is frit under the' shouUr
and is sometime taken for Iihoum:itim
In the arm. The stomach is affected with
loss of appetite and sickness; the bowels
in general are entivc, sometimes alter
nating with laxity; tiie Iteuri is troubled
with palii,acj-omnunled with a dull, heavy
sensation in tin buck part. There is gener
ally a considerable loss of memory, accom
panied with a painful sensation of having
left uudouu something which ought to
have bifu done. A slight, dry cough is
sometimes attendant. The patient com
plains f weariness nnd debility; he is
easily .start led; his feet are cold or burn
lug, and ho complains of a prickly sensa
tion of the skin; his spirits nrc low, and,
although Iieissatislled tlmt exercise would
lw beneficial to him, yet he can scarcely
summon up fortitude enough to try It.
If you haw any of the nlnwe symptom
von "can certainty be cum! by theu.se of
the genuine I)K. C. M CLANK'S LIVKK
When vou buv MeLnne's Pills, insist
on having lilt. C. McLAXK'S CKLK
ItKATliti LI Vlilt PILLS, made by Flcm
iuj; ltros., Pittsburgh, Pn.
If vou can not get the genuine nil.
C. McLANK'S LIVKK PILLS, send us
"5 cents by mail, and we will send Ihem
FLEMISH llltOS.jTUtslnirgli, Pn.
THE LATEST STYLES
B. B. FRANKLIN'S,
NEXT DOOIt TO ASTOIJIAN OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to select.
window curtains made to onler.
JST-My patent Trimmer to cut Wall l'ajwr
will be iound convenient to my i:Unms.
Cor. of Chenamus ami Kenton .Streets,
ASTORIA. - - - OREGON.
Have the best facilities for furmsliiiiij
Of all kinds, of any firm in the citv.
SASH AND DOOR FACTORY,
AND PLANING- MILL.
A full stock of home manufactured "(wxls
constantly on hand.
Special Attention given to Orders.
All work guaranteed. Your patronage so
To Merchants and.
The Circulation of
The Daily and Weekly Astorian
I; Constantly Increasing.
If Your Advertisement
Does not already appear, ue sug
gest that you consult your own
interests and increase 3our sales hy put
ling a notice of your husiness where it
will do the most good. Nearly every
one in Clatsop, Columbia, Tillamook.
Pacific and Wahkiakum counties takes
The Astoria". Those that do not,
borrow it, so that your advertisement
is generally read,
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
A. AS.SF.LL, manager.
FIRST CLASS HOTEL.
A l.!. MODERN IMPROVEMENTS.
hot a.m :oi.i baths.
None But White Help Employed.
cj-fi:ke coach to the hocse.-s
IT IS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is the Best in
Ue has Always on Hand FRESH
Shoal "Water Bay and East
" JEFFV IS THE BOSS CATERER.
lie lias horn Proprietor or the "Aurora
Hotel" In KnapptoH seven year.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
Refitted throuchnut : theJTable supplied
with the nest : the beds clean and comiort
aluV. A First :rlns.s House.
Board by the week, - $5.00
Meals to onler.
J. G, ROSS, Proprietor.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
DlealH US cent and upwards.
ii. BOUIj.VKD, - - Proprietor.
MAIN STKEET. .... - ASTOHIA.
SEVILLE & CO.
'Pacific Net and Twine Co.
i Vfexmsco,, April lltli,im ,
For general convenience,
: wo have sunt a supply of TSo. 30, 12
ply ;'iiuiiie Scotcli Salmon Net
I T-iiis to the care of A. M. JOHNSON
j & CO- Astoria, which will Ue sold at
; low eiiotili figures to make it an object
j for all net menders to use it for repairs,
in place or the more costly No. 40, 12
j Fishermen who have heretofore used
this jnnle of twine for repairs, claim
j that lhe durability ol the patch is equal
to the balance of the net, after the latter
! has hail a few weeks use. We think it
i will he money in your pocket to try it.
I For prices ami samples apply to
' A. M. .lOllXSON &CO.,
Neville & Co. Sole Agents, I q n pr-nci,
31 and ."3 California St. f ban ranclsco
A.M. Johnson &Co.
A FULL LINE OF
IP Efc E Et,
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Wood Delivered to Order,
Draying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND.CICARS.
CANNERY SITE FOR SALE.
milE PROPERTY KKOWX AS A.V. CO.'S
JL Net Racks, ad loinlni: Fort Canbv. 20 23?4
foot boats, pood f-r Raker's Bay or up river
tishinir : H net racks comnlete : frontace 200
feet running to deep water; one block orr
snore wnn mess nonse.
This is the most convenient tlacc for
salmon nets, traps and seines and decidedly
me ucsi location on tue coiuraDia river ior a
salmon cannerv. .
AVill sell for cash or will take stock with
satisfactory Fishermen's PacklnirCo.
BOZORTH & JOHNS
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber.
All kinds of
Boat Material, Etc.
Boats of all Kinds Made to Order, j
-Orders from a distance promptly attended
S. AENDT & FERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bemtox Street, Near Parker House,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
T IITTl Jia ir I TiTTTiJ TTl IT T T ITJI fl 1
lajsu ana mium mmm
Boiler Work, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Orall Descriptions made to Ortlcr
at Short Notice.
A. D. Wass, President.
.1. G. Hustler, Secretary,
I. W. Case, Treasurer.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
All goods sold at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite Parker House, Astoria. OreRon.
No. 40 I2-Ply
CORK AND LEAD LINES,
A Full Slock Now on Hand.
HENRY DOYLE & CO.,
511 Market Street. Han Frauclnco.
Sole Agents for the Pacific Coast
A. V. Alien,
(SUCCESSOR TO PAGE & ALLEN.)
Wholesale and retail dealer In
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
to. and satisfaction guaranteed In all cases
Q W. FULTOX,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and C. Odd Fellows Building.
Jg C. HOLDEN,.
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
JAY TUTTTiE, 31. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Office Rooms l, 2, and 3. Pythian Build
ing Rfjsipexcr Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
Q.EIiO F. JPAIl&ELB.
Clatsop County, nnd City of Astoria
Office :-Chennmus street, Y. M. C. A. hall
Room No. 8.
jp V. HICKS,
ASTORIA, - - OREGON
Rooms In Allen's building up stairs, corner
I Cass and Sqemocqhe stret .
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Chenamustreet, ASTORIA, OREtlON
JQK. .J. E. liaFOKCE,
Room II, Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
(las administered for painless extraction
J- CUHTIH ,
ATT'Y AT LAW.
Notary Public, Commissioner of Deeds for
California, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. Rooms 3 and I.Odil Follows Tttilininfr As.
N. B -Claims at Washington. D. C, and
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part ol Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known aud commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONA L, and AMERICAN LINE.
rrenaid tickets to or from any European
For full Information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
BOZOETH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and General Insurance
ASTOHIA, - - - Oregon.
WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
crn. State Investment, Hambunr, Bre
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travelleis' Life
and Accident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N.Y.
We have the onl v complete set of township
maps in the county, andliave made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, and
final nrnnfQ nn fTninMtp'ifU PrODmntlnno
Timber Lands, etc., having all the official
DianKs inereior. uur maps can be exam
ined in the ofllce, upon the payment of a
e also have for sale city property in As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
Rents and other collections made, and
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
Revolvers and Cartridges.
Grace Church Parish School.
Rear of Church Building.
THIS SCHOOL WILL RE-OPEN MON
day, September 3.18S3. The moral train
lug of the children will be carefully watched,
and made a special point. In addition to
the ordinary course of study there will be
instruction "in th elements of Vocal Mn
Hlc, Drnwins and Calisthenics. If
found desirable or expedient, classes will be
formed in Higher .Mathematics, Botany, As
tronomy. Advanced Music and Drawing,
for which light extra charges will be made.
Terms 52 a month, strictly in advance.
REV. M.D.WILSON. - - Rector
MISS ANNA W.CURTIS. - Principal
MISS M. C. TREN CHARD, - Assistant
For further particulars applv to
REV. St. D.WILSON.