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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 4, 1883)
Astoria, Oregon, Saturday Morning, August 4, 1883
TILLAMOOK HOCK. LIGHT
Tillamook rock is a bold, basal
tic mass rising abruptly from the
sea, one mile off Tillamook head,
and twenty south of the entrance
to the Columbia. The water on
the west, north and east is Irom
25 to 40. fathoms deep, while on
the south it shoals to 1C to 18
fathoms. As it rises from the sea
the face of the rock is precipitous
on the west side for about 15 feet,
and then slopes gently back,
forming a narrow, irregular bench
extending silong the north, west
and part of the south sides.
Springing from this bench and in
clining towards the sea, it rises on
the west to a total height of 120
feet, with a rounded knob on top.
The north side is nearly vertical.
On the east it is very steep from
the crest for 30 feet downwards,
and then slopes off gradually to
the sea. On the south side a deep
fissure divides the rock into two
unequal parts. The fissure
runs into rock from the west, ter
minating against a rock' wall that
rises abruptly before it to the
height of 30 feet, the top of which
is the bottom of the gap. Even
in a calm sea the swell
beats the water into foam
about the rock, while in times
of storm the billows dash madly
against it and leap far up its sides.
The, water rushes into the fissure
with great violence, throwing
spray to the very top of the rock,
often leaping over the intervening
wall and sweeping down the op
posite side. It is a grand sight to
witness this mighty power shatter
ing itself in passionate desperation
against the immovable mass that
stops its onward course. Lookinsr
eastward from the rock the shore
line is 'marked by three distinct
headlands, whose fir-covered tops
rise 1,500 feet above the sea, unci
at "whose bases arc visible vast
heaps of rocks, some in ledges
laid bare by the action of the sea,
some in immense DroKen pieces
brought down by land slides from
the mountain sides, and others
standing in detached masses like
the great rock itself. It is an un
hospitable coast, and.can nowhere
be approached with safety in a
small boat within twenty miles,
save during calm weather in the
summer time at Clatsop beach.
When first visited by the work
men, the rock swarmed with sea
lions, which were indisposed to
abandon it to the .intruders; but
eventually they retired to other
rocky retreats further to the south.
The first attempt to land upon
the rock was made June 22, 1S79,
under the management of H. S
AVheeler. , The revenue cutter
Coricin steamed to within a short
distance of it and launched a surf
boat, which was boldly run close
to the east side, notwithstanding
the fact that the waves were dash
ing in foam against it. After con
siaeraoie trouble two men suc
ceeded in scrambling: upon the
rock; but before the boat could
return to them with a line, the
waves rose higher and threatened
to cut them off entirely from their
companions, and they therefore
jnmped into the sea and were
with much difficulty rescued from
drowning. Another attempt was
made three days later, when Mr.
Wheeler succeeded in landing in
person and with a tape line meas
ured the most important dimen
sions. On the eighteenth of the
following September John R.
Trewavas and a sailor named
Cherry succeeded in gaining foot
hold upon the rock, intending to
make a complete survey, but Mr.
Trewavas slipped from the wet
slope into the sea, and though
Cherry jumped in after him and
the surf boat went immediately
to his rescue, he was drawn down
by tue undertow ana was never
seen again. On the twenty-first
of October the Corwin left As
toria with men, equipments and
supplies sufficient to last several
montns, ana maae last to a spar
buoy that had been put down a
few days before within 300
feet of .the rock. Two men succeed
ed in landing from the surf boat,
and taking the end of a cable
that had previously been fastened
to the mast of the vessel. This
they wound around a projecting
ledge eighty-five feet above the
water and drew it taut. On
this cable was put a large single
block, called the "traveler,"' with
a long hook suspended from it,
and this was drawn forward and
backward betweon the vessel and
the rock by an endless rope run
ning through blocks at uither end.
All the materials and supplies i
were transferred to the rock by i
being suspended from the hook at
tached to the traveler and then
drawn along by the rope. Three
additional men were lauded in
this way, riding in a novel coti-
veyanco called the "breeches
buoy." It consisted of an ordi- J
nary circular life preserver, sluug
Irom the traveler, to which was
securely lashed a pair of breeches
cut short at the knees, the latter
to support the man in the proper
position while in the air, and the
former to preserve his life if he
should chance to fall into the
water. It was impossible to keep
the cable taut, as the vessel was in j
constant motion under the action i Hshed.
of the heavy swells of the sea, and 1 .. ,
, i r .i 1 The British ship GriscdaU; 1,-
lt was not, unusual for the nassen- j 1 ' '
n . , r , i . 1 222, McClellan muster, IIS days
ger to be (Imped under the waves ' '
i ,- , , - , . from Liverpool, arrived m vestor
several times during Ins short
T i, 1 day, with ueneral cargo,
journey. In all. nine men were 1 J 1 " "
landed and began work under the .
superintendence of A. Ballant3'ne !
For the first fifteen daTs after!
landing, their efforts were directed
iy tin. 1.UU1 1.1 nviu uuriiuu
towards providing shelter forr
themselves and their supplies, j
The rock had no deep recesses 111 '
which the' could take refuge,;
and shelter from the driving rains j
could only be, hail by making
small A tents and lashing them
down to bolts let ' into the solid
rock"., Aften blasting out a placed
for the maiiu-dernck, sithevr ooiu-1
mencedihe work of leveling off'
the top of the rock, and this wasj
by no means an easy undertaking.
The crest was too irregular and
narrow for parties to work well in
concert, and the wind swept
round it with such terific force that
ir. was imnnssihln in rnnviin tlinr
during-agale. Working parties!
"were supported upon staging,
suspended from bolt attachments
let into the solid rock, until they
had blasted out i ernrp fo.-.l hold :
imu uiabieu oui a secure io.-xt.oiu
for themselves. In the face of!
dangers and hardships the men !
worked diligently throughout the t
winter, and prepared the rock for
the reception of the derrick and so
progressed with the main work
that a large force could be utilized.
Early in January the coast was
visited by a terrific storm, which
caused the waves, after rebound-:
ing from the face of the rock and
filling the chasm on the south
side, to be thrown by the wind J
entirely over the rock at ever'
point continuously for many days, '
carrying away, iu their impetuous j
descent down the opposite slope,
the supply house on the lower
level and endangering even the
quarters of the men above. The
storm reached its height during
tho night of the ninth, when the
men were iu their bunks. In a
panic they were about to rush
towards an apparently secure
level higher up, but were restrained
by Mr. Ballantyne, who well knew
that iu the. intense darkness they
could never cross over the slipper'
rocks, and would be swept off by
the wind into the maddened sea
below. Fortunately sufficient
provisions had been stored in the
quarters to last during the two
weeks that elapsed before it was
possible to reach the rock with
fresh supplies. The force was
then increased, and by the first of
'May the top was leveled ready for
the buildings, 4,G30 cubic yards of
solid rock having been removed. An
effort to fill the chasm on the south
side with the excavated material
was unsuccessful. Notwithstand
ing the large size of the pieces
blasted out, they were removed by
the waves in very short order. By
the exertion of much effort and
skill the large derrick was- landed
and set in place, the mast being
forty-five high and the boom sev-
enty-five feet long. Another
large derrick, four small ones, and
a large engine for operating them,
were also landed. The material
used in constructing the works
was 5,014 cubic feet of first-class
ashlar stone, 2.SS0 of second-class
ashhir, 00,(104 brick, and 2,035 cu
bic feet of sand. These were all
prepared and shipped ready for
use. and lauded from the deck of
the veswl by the large derrick.
It is unnecessary to follow sti-p!
by step the construction of this
important station, nor to give in J
dctail tiie thousand obstacles that;
presented themselves and werei
overcome by patience and skill.
r i i - .11
iMiougn nas ucen iohi 10 give am
that was intended, an idea of thej
expense, danger and difficulties
attending the light house system.
The work was completed and thej
light first exhibited January 21,
1SS1, and the machinery was
placed in the fog signals three
weeks later. Considering the in
creasinir commerce of the Colum-
bia river and the northwestern
coast, the light house at Tillamook
may be reckoned as one of the
most important stations ever estab-
m 1 w m
This Htrtir nevor varies. A nianx-l o
purity, .trMi:th ami wliolesomeness. More
economical tlian the onlinan- kinds, anil
catino! 1h stihl in competition with the niitl-
1 titiidi' of low test Miort weight, alum or
ponders. Soldnnlu in can. Kov-
AIjtAKIX i-owdku Co.. iog Wall-st. N. Y.
II ostcltcr's Stomach Hitters, by incrca'inctho
vital power, and rendering tho physical func
tions regular and active, keeps tho f j j-tem in
good working order, and protects it against
disease, For constipation, dyspepsia and liv
er complaint, nervousnos., kidney and rheu
matic ailments, it is invaluable, and it affords
a suro defence again-t malarial fevers, bc3idc4
removing all traces of such disease from the
For sale by all Drupsrists and Dealer.
MAGNUS C. OROSBY,
HARBIASE, IRON, STEEL,
Iron Pipe and Fittings,
PLUMBERS AND STEAM FITTER0
Goods and Tools,
SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD
SHEET IROH TIH AND COPPER,
Stoves, Tin Ware and House
JOBBING IN SHEET IRON, TIN. COP
PER PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING
Done ufiih iieatnesa and dispatch.
None hut first class workmen employed. -A
Constantly on hand.
Heuralqia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of iho Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scafds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
No Preparation on earth equal Sr. Jacobs Oil
m a safe, sure, simple and cheap External
IJemedj. A trial entail but the conptratiTely
trifling outlay of SO Cents, end erery one mffer
ing with pain can bara cheap nd poeitive proof
of iu claims.
Directions in Eleven L&agoagce.
E OLD BY ALL DBUGGISTS AKD DEALERS
A. VOG-EIER &, CO.,
Baltimore, ZZd., V. S. A.
It is rumored in San Francisco
that the Northern Pacific railroad
will carry lreight from the East to
Ran Francisco for the same price
that it charges to Portland and As
toria. SYMPTOMS QF WQR?S,
The roUiilena::v is ple and leaden
eolre.l, witli otN-siMosil Hushes of a cir
cumscribed siot on one or loth checks; j
the eyes lri..r dull; the pupils .ili.ite;
on azure semicircle nis nlon the lower
iiye-lld; the nosv is irtitated, swells, and
xomcumes ouhhis7 swelling 01 uio upper 1
or tlirohblng oiihe (srr; iiiTliiafnmaUseii!
hrexih very foul, particularly in the mora- we hae sent a snpyly of Kb. 30, 12
liiti, npctilo variable, sometimes vora- j . t . ,i. ci,,.
ciosis with 11 unuwiu!: onsation of the j 1" -'"e Jscoleli Siilmon Hiet
stomach; at otherscntirely gone; lleeting , Twiui. to the rare ofA. AT. JOILNSOX
jiains iu tlje Momaelj; occasional nausea j ?. rf tf.,-;- -i,;nli wU Qnll nr
in I viiiiiit in-' - xlnlt-nt nnlns ihmutrliout vV L AI"m' UI,,eU ue s0,a at
- tin alKlomcu; bowels irregular, at times;
1-0 -me; moois Mimy, not unrrcueniiy r,.P .,11 , IIPIII1N. ln ,, ; fnc ruminj
tln;elwitiibliKl:lK;lly.swoi:enaniUianl; Jr .til net tuenilers to use it lor repairs,
uriijeturbiil;rcs.piratiniK-casloualIydim-j in phwvof Hie more costly Xo. 40, 12
cult and ai-comianieil by hiccough ; cough ! .1..
sometimes ilrya,,ll coJvulilve; uneasy and : 1 -
disturbed yltK-p,wltligriudingof thciecth; ' Fishermen who have heretofore nsetl
t -miter variable, bul generally Irritable. tlii- "rnile of twine for renair einim
Whenever the nlxve svmptojjis are 1 "nuu 01 l",,u ,or rePair3 ciaim
fuund to eslst, j tiiat the duraliility of the patch is equal
Ml. V. MeLAyFS VERMIFUtiE j
wiii certainly cffet a cine.
In laiving Vermifuge ie sure you y.l
tbeuemiineDU. C JScI.AXK'S VHKMI
VI "JH. mauufiictureil by I'lcmiiig I'.nw.,
it W'tntl Street, Plttsljurgb, I'm. The ;
m irk-: is full of counterfcitK. Yhi will j
h.' 1 mht if i: has the signature of J-'Icm- j
in:; Itros. and V. Mclmc
If your storekeeper dtKw; not Jimc tho 5
genuine, please rcort t us. I
Scud us a three cent stamp for 4 hnn.l- I
ome r.l irt Uing c:irds. i
PLKSUNC BUOS., Pittsburgh. !a. j
THE LATEST STYLES
NiiXT noon to astokiax oi'fiok.
A very large Slwk from which to
Window cu riains made to order.
SSTMy patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paner
will be lom:d convenient ti my painm.
Cor. of C'henanuis ami lVnton .streets,
ASTORIA. - - - OKKCOX,
Have the best facilities for furmsltiiix
Of all kinds, of any firm in the city.
SASH AND DOOR FACTORY.
AND PLANING- MILL.
A full stock of home ma:utr:tctured oods
constantly on hand.
Special Attention given to Orders.
AH work guaranteed. Your patronage so
To Mentals aM
Tho Circulation of
Tlie Mlj anil TOlyAstoriaii
Is "Constantly Jnereasin.
If Your Advertisement
Docs not already appear, we .sug
gest that you consult your own
interests and increase your sales by pur
lin;! a notice of your business where it
will do tho most jjood. Nearly everv
one in Clatsop, Columbia, Tillamook,
Pacific and Wahkiakum counties takes
The Astoiiiax. Those that do not,
borrow it. so that your advertisement
i3 generally read.
HO'iSLS AND RESTAURANTS.
PARK EE. HOUSE,
A. A!"SI.r,. Manager.
ASTOII1 A, - - - OREGON.
! FIRST CLASS HOTEL.
A 1.1. MODERN IMPROVEMENTS.
2 5 NT AS1 C017I RA.TIIS.
JNop.g But White Help Employed.
" Ci't'KKSt COACH TO THE HOUSE.-K
IT IS A PACT
Concomly Street is the Best in
iXt- has Always on HandFRESII
Shoal AVnicr Hay ami I?nst
"JEFF'? IS THE BOSS CATERER.
lie lia been I'roprlctor of the "AHrora
IIolcl" In Knnppton xcrraycarx.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
Kefittecl throughout : thefTable supplied
with Hip lst : the heds clean and comfort
able. A First:cla.ss It011.se.
lloani bv the week, - $5.00
Meals to order.
M. O. ROSS, Proprietor.
Chop House and Restaurant.
0PEX DAY AND NIGHT.
3eals centH and upwards.
31.1I.V STKF.ET. - - -
NEVILLE & 00.
pacific and Twine Co.
t jJJAsc.KiiAftrgeo, April aith,aB8i ,
low cnouli liurcs In make it an object
to the lm'.ance of the net, after the latter
has h:ul a few weeks use. We think it
will be money in your pockec to try it
For prices ami samples apply to
A.M. JOHXSOX &CO
Neville & Co. Sole Agents, I c v.,nnti.nn
:tlaHd.-r:(;alir..nuaSt. fhan Francisco.
! A.M. Johnson &Co.
A FULL LINE OF
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
IVoott Delivered to Order,
Draying, Teaming and Express Business,
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND.CICARS.
CANNERY SITE FOR SALE.
THE I'ROPEKTY KNOWN AS A. P. CO.'S
Net IJacks.adtolninzFnrt P.mliv. m tmz
foot boats, jjood fr Baker's Bay or up river
iimiiuk ; i uei racKs complete ; irontage 200
icci nuumiK 10 neep water; one diock on
shore with mess lioiute.
Tliis is the most convenient tdaee for
salmon nels, traps and seines and decidedly
me uksi locanou on tue uoiumoia river tor a
Will sell for cash or will take stock with
sarisiactory Fishermen's racking Co.
BOZORTH & JOHNS.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber.
Ail kinds of
Boat Material, Etc.
I Boats of all Kinds Made to Order, j
Orders from a distance promptly attended
S. ARNDT & EERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OKEGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
BEhT-ox Street, Near Parker Rouse,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
Boiler Work, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Of all DeHcrlptiong made to Order
at (Short Notice.
A. D."WAS3. President.
,1. G. Hustler, Secretary.
I. W. Case, Treasurer.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
KAH goods sold at Sau Francisco Prices.
Opposite Parker Ilouse, Astoria, Oregon.
No. 40 I2-Ply
CORK AND LEAD LINES,
A Full Stock Now on Hand.
HENRY DOYLE & CO.,
511 Harket Street, Han FrauclHec
Sole Asentn for the Pacltlc Coast.
A. V. Allen,
(SUCCESSOR TO PAGE & ALLEN'.)
Wholesale and retail dealer' In
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROHCAL AND DOMJTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
if Bracket Work
to, and satisfaction guaranteed In all cases
Q W. I'lilTOA",
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and c. Odd Fellows Building.
Jg V. 1IOLDKX,.
AUCTIOXELR, COMMISSION AN1J IN
JAY TUTTIE, 31. I.
PHYSICIAN AND SUEGEON
Office Rooms 1, 2, and 3. Pythian Build
inj,'. Residence Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
QKLO F. PARKEK.
Clatsop County, and City of Astoria
Office : -Chenanms street, Y. M. C. A. hall
Room No. 8.
ASTORIA, - - OREGON
f Rooms In Allen's building up stairs, corner
1 iass anu aqcraocque sirec .
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Clienanmstreet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
JIt. J. E. littFOKCJE,
Room u. Odd Fellows Building-, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for painless extraction
Q J. CUHTJH.
ATT'Y" AT LAW.
Notary ruhllc. Commissioner orileeiTs for
Caliroruia, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. Rooms 3 and 4, Odd Fellows Building, As
N. R. Claims at Washington. D. C, and
collections a specialty.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part o1 Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prepaid tiekets to or from any European
For full information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
I. W. CASE.
B0Z0KTH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and General Insurance
ASTORIA. - Oregon.
WE WRITE POLICIES IN TIIE WEST
eni. State Investment, Hamburg: Bre
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travellers Life
and Accident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N.Y.
We have the only complete set of township
maps in the county, and nave made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, and
ilnal proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions.
Timber Lands, etc.. having all the official
blanks therefor. Our maps can be exam
ined in" the office, upon the payment of a
reasnnahlc fee. I
Wc also have for sale city propertyfln As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
Rents, and other collections made, and
BOZORTH & JOHNS,
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
Revolvers and Cartridges.
J .T. JOXES,
amir and- 'steamooat JdmerT
Grace Church Parish School.
Rear of Church Building.
THIS SCHOOL WILL RE-OPEN MON
dav, September 3.1883. The moral train
ing of the children will be carefully watched,
and made a special point. In addition to
the ordinary course of study there will be
instruction in the elements of Vocal Mu
Nic, Irnvinzr and Calisthenics. If
found desirable or expedient, classes will be
formed In Higher Mathematics, Botany, As
tronomy, Advanced Music and Drawing,
for which liRht extra charges will be made.
Term 52 a month, strictly in advance.
REV. 3L D. WILSON. - - Hector
MISS ANNA W. CURTIS. - Principal
MISS 31. C. TREXCnARD, - Assistant
For further particulars apply to
REV. St. D.WILSON.