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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (March 21, 1883)
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Astoria, Oregon, Wednesday Morning, March 21, 1883
V. ill 1 S,!!
VALUE OF '-IMPROVED" LIVE
The live stock of civilized man
includes all domesticated animals
quadrupeds, fish and fowl.
Excepting the dog. cat, etc., they
ure used for flesh, clothing and
motive power. To speak of the
value o( improved stock is simply
to sa', in other words, that some
animals are more valuable than
others of the same genus, species
or family. This superior value is
found in the individuals of these
divisions, and, in addition, im
provement may be made upon
them by selection, food, shelter
and judicious breeding. A single
example will illustrate my mean
ing. Do we wish to produce
beef? Then we mnst select the
breed that takes on flesh and fat
of the best quality, in the shortest
time; and then, following the laws
of health, wo must use generous
feed and shelter. In breeding,
however, the taste of the beautiful
is not to be ignored, and hence
form, size, and color assume im
portance. The first quality of animals
bred for food is great assimilating
power the capability of convert
ing food into flesh more rapidly
than other breeds. Thus the
short-horn breeders contend that a
given quantity of food will make
more beef in that animal than any
other of the cow-kind. Another
first-rate quality is early maturity;
for, as a great portion of all the
food of animals goes to keep up
the vital heat and wasting tissues
of the body, it is important that
the animal should develop its
whole capacity of flesh production
in as short a time as possible. So
the short-horn, which takes on
2,000 pounds of flesh in three
years, is a great improvement
upon the scrub which takes five
years to mature and reach the
same -weight. The gain by the
improved stock "is the total ex
penditure of food thus saved for
two years in maintaining heat and
the tissus, as well as the making
of more flesh for a given sum of
feed. Another of the first quality
is that the animal to be eaten
should take on fat most where fat
is most valuable. Thus the rumps
and tenderloins are more valuable
than the shoulders and neck; and
the rounds are preferable to the
fore-legs. Other prime qualities
are health and vigor, ability to re
sist cold and heat and disease.
Minor qualities are size, form and
color, which are to be judged in
subordination to the highest quali
ties. As a general law, running
through all animal life, "like
begets like;" and yet there is
another law of nature which ad
mits of sporting" or notoriety;
otherwise there could be no im
provement, but all the races would
maintain the one dead level of
their original type. It is not
necessary here to discuss the sub
ject, whether all the species came
cf the original genus, or all of the
families of the same species It is
sufficient for our purpose to claim
that certain types, good or bad,
are more apt to be reproduced
from maintaining the blood of
those types unmixed with other
types; in other words, pure or
thoroughbreds. The long experi
ence of the most sagacious breed
ers is opposed to mixed bloods as
the means of improvement, be
cause the progeny of the two or
more types used tend always
back to the original types.
Sporting in wildlife is very rare,
and the return to the original
type is almost sure; now and then
you may find a white cow; but the
return to the black is certain.
Under man's manipulation, -when
the surroundings are continually
changed sporting or variation is
very common; but I imagine that
climate, food and shelter being the
same, but little is the chance of
new mixed types. It is frequently
said, and I have said so, that the
short horns manipulated by the
Collins and Bates were a mixed
breed; but of this we have no
certain proof. On the contrary,
there are proofs of the short-horn,
existing long before their day; and
whatever the original type was
identical with the Dutch cattle and
improved by them, or whether
those crosses, once mixed with the
short-horns were bred out and the
original type restored, is not sus
ceptible of proof; but it has a pre
ponderance of testimony and
reasoning is in its favor.
It is safest, then, to select the
types best suited for the climate
and food and ends desired, and
then by the selection of the best
of any type to advance it: thus
beef may be improved in quality
and quantity, and wool and milk
also advanced by proper selection,
food and shelter. I conclude by
saying that "improved stock" is a
reality, and shall defer further
discussion to a future article. vigorously prosecuieu on me ouu
Rural New Yorker.- fornia end of the road from Ked-
Railroad Progress on the Pacific
The year just closed has been
remarkable for the progress made
in the construction of railroads,
which, for lack of more definite
terms, may be designated as Pa
cific coast railroads. It is now
evident that the entire line of the
Northern Pacific JfcaUraad-betscecn
Lake Superior and Puget Sound
will be completed by the close of
this present year. The mileage
now completed between those two
great bodies of water is 1,4S5
miles. The line on the east is con
structed from Lake Superior to
Bozeman, a distance of 1,040
miles. On the west the track is
completed to a point near the
mouth of the Missoula river, leav
ing hardly more than three hun
dred miles of road to be con
structed to fill this gap between
.italic uuucuui auu j. ujji-i uuuiiu.
In this estimate no note is made
of several branches and side divis
ions. Practically the Northern
Pacific railroad does not begin nor
end on Lake Superior. That was
a convenient point made in the or
ganization of the original company.
The branch on tho -western end
from Wallula to Portland is 210
The Atchison, Topeka and San
ta Fe Railroad company have
practically completed their rail
road from the Missouri river to the
Gulf of California, and some weeks
ago this company run a train from
the "river to the' sea," a distance
of 1,G75 miles to the terminus at
Guymas. It is ten years since that
road touched the eastern side of
what was then Colorado Territory,
and it did not look then as if the
read would ever cross that terri
tory. But the extraordinary min
ing developments in Colorado,
New Mexico and Arizona stimu
lated railroad enterprises, the re
sult of which was that before the
close of 18S2 this railroad compa
ny had reached the waters of the
The Southern Pacific during the
past year practically completed a
line of railroad from San Francis
co to New Orleans. Tho line be
tween these two points the wa
ters of the Pacific and the Gulf of
Mexico, is designated by eastern
men as the "Sunset route." On
the Gulf end some short roads al
ready constructed, were consoli
dated or brought under control of
the Southern Pacific compaii'.
The entire length from San Fran-i
cisco to New Orleans is 2,470
miles. From San Francisco to,
Galveston the distance is about j
2,150 miles. This road with its
connections is now open for tarffic, ,
and it is already intimated that I
immigrants will be brought from ',
Liverpool to New Orleans and j
over this route to Uali fornia at $00 j
each. Even this cost may yet be j
The Carson and Colorado Kail
road is now completed for a dis
tance of 192 miles, reaching Ben
ton, in Meno count, with 100
miles beyond so far advanced that
the addition will be open for traffic
some time next summer. It ex
tends all the way through the min
eral belt, and promises to be
one of the most important and
profitable narrow, gauge railroads
in the United States.
The California and Oregon Rail
road, a direct line between San
Francisco and Portland, has here
tofore made slow progress. About
thirty-five miles were completed
on the Oregon end in 1SS2. This
was very heavy work, and equal
to more than a hundred miles of
railway constructed over a moder
ately level country. "Work is now
j ding north; and there is now ev
cry prospect that the entire road
will be completed by the end of
the year. The remaining work of
construction will involve a large
outlay, the line to fill the gap be
ing over a coantry presenting
some formidable obstacles to rail
way building. We have hereto
fore noted the progress of railway
construction in Mexico by means
ot American capital. In no pre
vious year has such a vast work
been accomplished in the way of
railroad construction, directly or
remotely connected with Pacific
coast interests. S. F. Bulletin.
This powder never varies. A marvel of
purity, strength and wliolesomeness. More
economical than the ord nary kinds, and
cannot be sold inconip tlllon with the mul
titude of low test, short weight, alum or
phosphate jwwders. Sold mily in can.
Ho val Baking 1'owdhkCo., ice "Wall-i-t.
. STOMACH &
Inralidswho aro recovering vital stamina,
declare in grateful terms their appreciatiun
of tho merits as a tonic, of llostctter's Stom
ach Bitters. Not only docs it impart strength
to tho weak, but it also corrects an irregular
acidstatoof tho stomach, makes the bowels
act at proper intervals, gives oao to those
who fuller from rheumatic and kidney troub
les, and conquers as well as prevqnts fever
For sale by all Drugalsts and Dealers
J " CELEBRATED f
m j .? Tr.- 'ft AH
- k.- ri ii L 1 tl.
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest,
Gout, Quins, Sore Throat, Swell
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
2to Preparation on earth equals St. Jacobs Oil
&s a safe, sure, simple- and cheap External
Bemedj. A trial entails but the croparaUrelj
trifling ouUat of 0 Cents, and erery one maer
ing with p&in can baro cheap and paitiTO proof
of IU claims.
Skectiom in Eleven Languages.
A. VOGEjLER &, CO.,
Baltimore, XTd., XT. S. A.
There seems to be a general
opinion amonff naval engineers
that no iron passenger steam
ship can be said to be constructed
upon the besL design, which in
sures safety in case of collision or
running upon a rock, unless she is
provided with, a double bottom.
But the space which is thus taken
up is under existing laws measured
as tonnage-carrying area, and there
is practically a premium for the
neglect of an essential measure of
security. Few ship-owners like
to be taxed for a costly effort in
itself to preserve the lives of
SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASED LIVER.
Pain In the right side, under edge ot
ribs, increasing on pressure; .some
the pain is on the Ieflbhlo; the pa:
rarely able to He on the left side; some-.
times the pain is felt under the shoulder
and Ls sometimes taken for RheunvsUsmj
in the arm. The stomach is affected vrlh;
loss of appetite and sickness ; the l,-ve!s '
in general arc costive, sometimes alter- j
natlngwith laxity; the head is troubled
with pain, accompanied with a dull, heavy
sensation in the back part. There Is gener
ally n considerable loss of memory accom
f muled with a aiuful sensation of having
eft undona something which ought to
have been done. A slicht, dry cough Is
.sometimes attendant. The patient com
plains of weariness and debility; he is
easily startled ; his feet are cold or burn
ing, and he complains of a prickly sensa
tion of the skin; his spirits are low, and,
although huissatlslled that exercise would
bo boncllclal to him, yet he can scarcely
summon up fortitude enough to try it.
If 3ou have any of the above symptoms,
vou can certainly be cured.by the u of
the genuine Dtt. C. aicLAJIE'S X.IVKR
When you buyMcLane's Pills, insist
on having Wit. C. McLA'LS CELE
BRATED LIVER r ILLS, made by Fleming-
Ilros., Pittsburgh, Pa.
If you can not get tho genuine DR.
C. McLANK'S LIVER PILLS, 6cnd us
25 cents by mail, and we will send them
FLEMING BROS., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Read earefnlly ! ! !
Hereafter all our
Pure Coffees will be
put up under our own
Unless bought of
A. M. JOHNSON & CO.
N. B. All goods bearing our
label arc guaranteed to be strictly
Pure and of Best quality, and
are sold by no other House.
STATE AND COUNTY TAXES FOIt THE
year 1882, are now due and can be paid
at ruy office at the Court House,
d-wtf A. M, TWOMBLY, Sheriff.
HTI M B
C. H. STICKELS
A. 51. JOHNSON & Co.,
Slip CbuJUerj ami Groceries
CROCKERY & CLASS WARE.
A No Wholesale Dealers In
Pninis, Oil. Varnishes, Glass,
T?utty. Artists' Oil and Water
Colors, l'nint and Kal.so-
Constantly on hand a full and choice stock
of Staple and Fanoy (jroceriea Only tio
Our stock of Crorkery and Glass
Warp is the Largest and moat Complete
Stock ever opened iu Astoria.
Tea and Dinner Sets. Tojlet Sets. Glass.
Fruit, and Water Sets. Bar Fixtures. A.e
Muss. Ponies. Ittrrtic Bottles Goblets, Tum
bler Lemonade Cups, &c , &c.
Everything sold at Lowest Living Rates.
An Examination will more than repay you.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Housesrand
J-AU goods sold at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite 1'arker IIou.e, Astoria, Oregon.
W. E. DEMENT & CO.
ASTORLA, - - - OREGON
Carry in Stock,
DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET
Prescriptions carefully Compounded,
MAG1W8 C. CROSBY,
HAMAEE, IRON, STEEL,
iron Pipe and Fittings,
PLTJ M BERS AND STEAM FITTER0
Goods arid Tools,
SHEET LEAD STRIP ILEAD
i SHEET IRON TIN AND COPPER,
ICaBisrj aid Mslewns Supplies
Ol9VS, I III W3rB anfl SlOUSe
JOBBING IN SHEET IRON, TIN. COP
PER PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING
Done with i.eatness and dispatch.
None but first clas workmen employed.
Alargo avwtuient of
(Constantly on hand
Mermen Attention I
Sutton's Genuine Cape Ann
Double Long Coats, Half Peas,
Aprons. leeven, Itnbber Boots,
Rlankct ShirtH, Socks, etc.
At San Francisco Prices.
A Liberal Discount to the Trade.
Shin Masten Supplied.
II. r. CH.VDBOURNE, Agent.
On the Itoadway, near "Water Street.
S. J&- jBu R 3X E It,
Hay, Oats, Straw.
LimeBrick, Cement and Sand
IVoofl Delivered to Order,
Draying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
"WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
SEALED PROPOSALS WILL BE RE
celved at the oilicc of the county clerk
until noun of April 4th, 18S. for the burial of
the dead ;ho may have to he buried at the
expense of the county
By order or the County Court,
d-w tf It. 1L SPEDDEN, Clerk.
A M JOHNSON.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber.
All kind of
Boat Materia!, Etc.
I Boats of all Kinds
-Orders from a distance promptly attended
S. ARNDT & EEROHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Bbntox Stuekt, Near Paeker House,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
CENERAL MACHINISTS AND
Boiler Work, Steamboat Work,
and Cannery Work a specialty.
Of all Descriptions made to Order
at Short Notice.
A. D. "Wabs, President.
J. G. Hustlkr. Secretary.
I."W. Cask, Treasurer.
Johx Fox, Superintendent
ASTORIA, --- OREGON.
Cigars. Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
Stationery and Optical Goods,
Joseph Rodgers and "Wostenholm
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLER
Revolvers and Cartridges.
WALTaWI AWD EEGI3T
Gold and Silver Watches and Chain
Fine and Coarse Liverpool
Tin Plate. Block Tin. Caustic Soda,
For sale ex "Warehouse at Portland
or Astoria hy
BALFOVX, Gl'THSIE & CO.
dtf Portland, Or.
No. 40 12-Ply
SALMON TWINE !
CORE AND LEAD LINES,
A Full Stock Now on Hand.
HENRY DOYLE & CO.,
Sll Market Street, San Francisco
Solo Agents for the Pacific Coast
r I, i i
Made to Order.
to, and satisfaction guaranteed in all cases.
TTJl C. HOLDEN,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
SURVEYOR OF .
Clatsop County, and City of Astoria
Office :-Chenamus street, Y. M. C. A. hall
TCT . "YVISTON,
Attorney and Counselor at Lam.
BtB-Offlce In Pythian Building. Rooms 11, 12.
ASTORIA, --- - OREGON.
TJlY TUTTI.E, M. .
PHYSICIAN AND SUBGEONi
Office Rooms l , 2, and 3. rythian Build
ing. Rf-SIDKNck Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
Tjl P. HICKS,
Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, corner
of Cass and Sqemocqhe streets.
I Q. A. BOWLBY.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Chenamus Street. - ASTORIA. OREGO.
Plain and Fancy Sewing.
Suits made in tlie "best Style and
Guaranteed to Tit
Mrs. T. S. Jezvett.
ROOMS OVER MRS. E. S. WARREN'S.!
a. A. STINSON & CO.,
At Capt. Rogers old stand, corner of Cass
and Court Streets.
Ship and Cannery work. Horseshoeing.
Wagons made and repaired. Good work
Over Arndt &. i'ercnen's Shop.
Call and examine the work we are doing
and see the wood we aro using, before mak
ing a trade elsewhere.
FIRST-CLASS WORK A SPECIALTY.
FOR SALE !
I offer for sale my ranch near SJtipa
non in this County; it consists of
Eiglitj- Acres Improved, with
good dwelling House $
Two Barns, Out Houses, etc.;
A Fine Orchard.
Everything is well improved and in
good condition. A large assortment of
Three lnsscngcr Coaches.
Nine Bead Horses,
Cattle, nogs, Etc.
This affords a rare chance for a man to
gei a good home in the oldest settled
section in the state.
Terms favorable to one meaning busi
ness. C. A. MAGUIRE.
Scarf Pins, Chains, Watches,
Of every description.
The finest stock of Jewelry In Astoria.
fSy-AU goods warranted as represented.
GUSTAV HAN EN, JEWELER.