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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View This Issue
SUNDAY JAN. S, 1882
J. F. HALLOP.AX. Fdltor.
A Pessimistic Tietr.
The old question of the Chinese
in thpTJnitcd States presents, in
addition to the main points of ob
jection, minor grounds for reason
able complaint and natural appre
hensions. Apart from the ques
tions of labor supply, race affinity,
national ioipovishment, etc., come
hygienic considerations that de
mand attention. According to the
Bulletin there are, as given by the
final official figures of the census,
105,465.Chinamen in the United
States. The number of the sexes
are not given. It may be assumed,
however, that of the total number
103,000 are males. If there were
with these males the usual propor
tion of women and children, the
total Chinese population of the
United States would amount to
G00,0P0. There are ten states of
the Union which have not so many
people. There are nine states
which have only from 100,000 to
300,000 more. There is a Chinese
nucleus at this mom ent in every
state and territory with the excep
tion of Vermont and North Caro
lina. Nine-tenths of these per
sons are located in the Pacific
states and territories, viz.; 75,132
in California; 9,310 in Oregon;
5,416 in Nevada; 1,030 in Arizona
and 3,186 in Washington. The
Eastern advance ot the golden
horde is halted in Idaho and Mon
tana 3,370 strong in the former
tenitory and 1,703 in the latter.
Thence north and south they have
effected a lodgment in every state
with the exceptions noted. There
is nearly one Chinese male adult
for every, two white male adults in
California. The propoi tion is not
so large in Oregon and Nevada.
If endowed with the electorial
franchise they would hold the bal-
"anciror-jjowur in all lliesB otaUrar
This at the moment is the size of
the Chinese invasion. But if un
checked it is capable of an indefi
expansion. They would not miss
in China an emigration that would
engulf half of the states of the
The different ruce of people who
have settled this continent brought
something either a particular
trait, physical development, or
talent, which has been added to
the general stock- The Chinese
bring with them customs and sys
tems which displace our civiliza
tion wherever theirs take root;
and in addition they bring con
tagious -diseases. There have
been already outbreaks of the
small-pox on Chinese account in
several parts of the country. An
epidemic is threatened in Chicago,
New York, Jersy City, BrookKn
and elsewhere. It is making its
appearance among the emigrants
arriving at Castle Garden. Bu,t
that is the- return wave. Small
pox has passed around the world
to London and Paris and the
Continent, and is now coming
back on its track. The facts of
history which bear on this subject
are unimpeachable. The system
of inoculation prevails in China.
No other method of prevention is
tolerated there. Inoculation has
been well described as the cultiva
tion of small-pox germs. It was
the rule of England for nearly a
century. During that period
small-pox was epidemic every
third year. Three severe epidem
ics also occurred. A writer of the
period forcibly remarks that- the
"fell disease appeared only to let
up until new material was created
for it to feed upon." Small-pox has
been epidemic here twice within a
few years. This tendency has
been observable evor since the
Chinese began to largely increase
in number among us. AVc hear of
the small-pox first in those places
where Chinese are congregated
the Sandwich Islands, Peru, Cali
fornia, Cuba and Australia. When
it breaks out among them they are
crafty enough to conceal it. They
.. have no knowledge of disinfection.
They take no effective precautions
to prevent the- spread of the dis
ease. They herd together in large
numbers. Engaged for the most
part in washing, they are excellent
disseminators of the deadly germs.
It looks as if the country at
large is going to have the same sad
experience to which we have been
subjected on' this coast. We hope
sincerely that it may escape. If,
however, it does not, many thou
sands of people are doomed to
death by a loathsome disease.
When the small-pox makes its ap
pearance on the Chinese immi
grant steamers, it makes the
round of the world. It has done
so twice already. Each time it
will enlarge the path of its desola
tion. The mechanism for its dis
semination throughout the country
is now furnished by the Mongol
nucleus in every state. There is
no impending calamity which can
not bo greatly mitigated by the
adoption of proper precautions.
But this is something beyond our
power except by shutting the gates.
We cannot induce the vast mass
of the Chinese nation to give up
inoculation. They will, therefore,
for generations continue to breed
small-pox at regular intervals. As
they move outwards they bring
their disease with them. When
they are well scattered over a
country it is certain to be goner
ally propagated. No one will
know of it till the germs are all
At a meeting of the San Vr.m
cisco Chamber of Commerce on
the 27th ult, Professor Davidson
made some statements relative to
the proposed survey of Alaska.
He stated that he had made the
survey of the Aleutian Islands,
which resulted in their purchase
by the Government. Since then
he had visited them again in 1809.
They had a shore line of 9000
miles, and were exceedingly valua
ble, both in respect to their fishe
ries andjtheir lumber etc. Along
the entire coast there was timber
in large quantities down to the
water's edge, many of tho trees be
ing six feet in diameter and 200
feet in hight. The yellow eedar
was found there to a large extent.
It was a most valuable wood for
ship-building. Tho Russians uso
it. When last there he saw a ves
sel that had been lying wrecked
on the beach for twenty-eight
years, and the keel and planking
of it, of yellow cedar, were as
sound as the day tho vessel was
launched. Before it was wrecked
it had been at sea eight years. He
had forwarded pieces of the wieck
to the Naval authorities at Wash
ington, who, after examination,
pronounced it the best light wood
for ship-building they had ever
seen. A memorial to Congress was
subsequently drawn up, asking
that body to make an appropria
tion for the continuance of the
United States- coast'and geodetic
survey within the Territory.
A skw locomotive, to be run by
'water fuel,'" is nearly completed
at Patterson, New Jersey. The
theory implies the dissociation of
the oxygen and hodrogen in the
presence of naphtha gas heated to
a high temperature, followed by
tho consumption of the hydrogen
at a very high temperature. Ob
jection is made that so effective
an agent must, of necessitv, de
stroy any "material with which it is
brought in contact, but nothing
but practical tests can determine
that. An Eastern railroad com
pany has offered 1,000,000 for the
right to use tho new fuel, provided
an engine adapted to its use will
draw a train of four Pullman cars
from New York to Chicago and
back on schedule time.
Latest from the Guitcart Case.
A VAS.nixr,TON dispatch of last
Friday says there have been no
new developments in the Guiteau
case. Judge Cox is engaged in
preparation of his rulings upon
law points. Davidge will then be
ready to proceed at once with tho
opening argument for prosecution,
but it is thought an adjournment
will , be taken until Monday.
Prayers of defense have been sub
ject to general discussion with tho
legal fralernity, particularly ihe
12th, which sets forth if the jury
shall believe from evidence the
prisoner v,as in sound miiut or not,
so insane as to w irresponsible for '
the act at tho time of shooting the
president, the 2d of July, 1S31,
and that ho then lit law fnlly and
willfully, but, without malico in
fact, in the District of Columbia,
shot and thereby injured the pies
ident. of which shooting and
injury the person so injured
subsequently died in the state
of New Jersey and within
the United Stales, then prisoner
is guilty of the crime of man
slaughter and the jury should so
find. This i. looked upon as a
last resort. Defense claim that as
the shooting occurred in the Dis
trict of Columbia and the death in
New Jersey, the crime is one of
manslaughter. Section 5330 of the
statutes says: If a person unlaw
fully and willfully, but without
malice, stnkes stab, wounds, or
shoots at, or otherwise injures an
other, of which striking, stabbing
wounding, shooting or other in
juries such other pcison dies,
either on land or sea, within or
without tho United States, he is
guilty of the crime of manslaugh
ter. As absence of malice must
be shown to remove Guiteau's
crime from the murder class, it is
not believed Judge Cox can rule
favorably upon this prayer.
B. B. FRANKLIN,
Comer Cass and Sqr.cnioqhe streets,
ASTORIA. - - ORDION
DT. W.KR IK
" ' " AN1 -
o I LU
5 I O
s rs ! (Dig
H 1 M z i
1 nr. I o I
if! 1 LL I
t .i- 3
$4 j2 I a ? DC I
. -a i o
Z. o CO
T.iV2:i:roor. rism:KY satt
1'ors.ile cl7c.il). Applj to
, , , .1. 0. HUSTLER.
Astoria, Dee. , l&sl. ail
milE PARTNERSHIP HOIinrOKORreK
JL Ijtlng between v. Ii Jacklns and John
A. Momgomeiy under the linn name of
Iflfkins ' ATllltfmimnfl ll.ie tin.n .l. .In..
ii , -...,.... .....j, it..-. ylUl till" l.l
ilissohed by nuitnil consent. John A.
Montgomery will collect and settle all ac
counts of said linn.
CHAS. i:. .TACRTN8.
-Wona, 0n, Dec. 9, 1SS1. cl-sod
To Builders and Contractors.
SEALED TKOPOSALS WILL RE RE
renctl by the undersigned until noon,
January 23. ISSi, for the furnishing of mate
rials, erecting and joninleting a Church
edilleo on Main, between Jefferson and As-
tnrStrppls In title fitf ltm1c.i..it....m..
tionsean be examined at myonice.ou and
.mci ,- uuru;iv. ,111 uisr. hip ngiit to reject
any and all bids is icseri ed.
. ,,... -' "'itr,
secretary of Board ot Trustees, rirst Presby.
tcnan Church of Astoria. u-td
jJRS. A. RAPPLEYEA,
Pomicily of New York, wishes to an-
nnmirf In tin. lor!W.fc nriitnn.di.i.k. ,-.
..l.u,1MWUMlwlw 11U113JIC 1S11UW
prepared to do
Tn nil tl.n 1 itnct ft. Iiu . 1 ..... ... ...
....... ..... ?s,", jj.su.un 01 i our pat
ronage Is respectfully solicited.
lionnis opposite Liberty Hall, Cuenamus
fjion Tnir.TY days from this date
--- . v.M,...,. . ,.., 1...1.U usu uuAes ui sat
isfactory quality 111 any quantltv at the fol-low-nig
prices : bOes in the shuck 12$ cents
each ; nailed boxes tlH cents each, deliv
ered at the West Shore Mills
. . . .i.U. IJtULLlNGEE.
Astoria, Dec 10, ISSl. d-lm
Are you lnade iniscrnblp by Indi-
.. . Allen,
(sUl I'FSMiU TO PiOE & ALLEN' )
WlolMid jnrt retail ile-Jer li
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AXD DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGErABLES.
Wines, LiQiiors, Toljacco If Cigars
the largest and most complete slock of
goods In their line to bi fouoTltu the cliy.
Comer of Cuss and Sqnemoeqhe- Streets.
IRISH FLAX THREADS
Salmon Net Twine.
Cotton Seine Twine,
Cork ant Lead Lines,
Cotton Netting, ail sizes.
Seines Made to Order,
Flax and Cotton Twine,
Fishing Tackle, etc.
BARBOUR BROTHERS. .
51 1 Market Street. San Frnnrigco
HENRY DOYLE &. Co.. Managers.
UNION INDIA RUBBER CO'S
Tare ram onm
Rubber Boots and Coats.
ISJBWARE 01? IMITATION !
which lircients their erflpliiif nrhtwiblnir'
Tlipj will last twice as long as any others
rOK SALE BY ALL DEALE1SS.
ALL KINDS HDnBEH HELTIXO. PACK
ING, HOSE, SntLVGS, CLOTHING,
EOOTS AND -SHOES. Etc.
GOODYEAR RUBBER CO.
E. II. PEASE, Jr.
Agents, San Tranciseo .
Notice of Copartnership.
VT., THE UNDERSIGNED, HERKIiY
Yl give notice that we have formed a co
partnership under the Ann mine of Leinen
weber&Cohn, to transact the buslnessof tan
ning, In Astoria, Oregon.
A. A. COIIX.
Astoria, Oicgon, Dec. C.1M. d-Mil
GEO. HILL, - - - PiiOPIUETOIt
CIIAS. KOHLEi:, - STAGE MANAGER
Open all (he Year. I'crrormancc K f rj
Mslit. Entire Cliaugc or Pro.
srammc Once a Week.
Comprising all the latest
SONGS, DANCES AND ACTS.
The theatre is crowded nightlv, and all
who hae witnessed tho entertainment pro
nounce It to be equal to any gH en elsewhere.
Mr. Hill as a caterer for the public's
amusement can not be excelled. Am bod v
wishing to spend a pleasant evening and
see spurkllne wit and beauty without vul
garity, should IniproTe the opportunity and
Open air concert every ceniuf; : perform
ance commencing at 8 ; entrance to theatre
on Benton street ; private boxes on Chena
NEITHER THE CAPTAIN NOR COXSI
no JO ftf (ha KTuflct 14 111 lirt At.ilnnf.il,.
lor any debts contracted by the crew.
UW IJODCER, MKYER & CO.
TT"P.C,nnTTATTrT? TT?TATT,TEV'n r
T..N0V.2tJ,lb81. ' '
Written proposals will bereceied bvtlie
lmnpilniorl nt Vfmonn.im Ttnfml.n ll' in
1 a tllO rAlitmhfn Vnnnniivw niMnnV "W
until March 31sr,18S2, for the right of exclu
sive seining on tho Fort Stevens. (Point
Adams) Military Reservation, during the
next fishing season. The right to reject any
or all bids, as may be deemed best, is re
served by the undersigned.
Mai. and Ass't Agt, General, Brevet Briga
dier General U. S. Army. dtf
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
ri- ( 01773 r tp q
ktc :tc. etc.
Fisheriiieiis and Cannerv
AGENT J-OK THE
San Jose Fruit Packing Company.
San Francisco Chemical
ASTORIA - - . OREGON.
The undersigned respectfully notifles the
public t li.it lia ins been appointed
asent lor the
NEW IMPROVED SINGER,
He H now prepared to offer these unrivalled
hewing Machines on nucIi terms as cannot
lall to meet the wants of eerybody in need
of this Indispensable article, of household
furniture. Liberal discount made on cash
sales. To those desiring it I will sell on the
instalment plan. l'Ie dollars a month, 17
cents a day, (.loss than It costs a smoker for
cigars), will soon purchase jourvrtfeaSinger.
Tho Best Sewing Machine Ever
Old Sewing Machines taken in exchange.
Attachments. Needles, Cotton, Oil. etc.. al
waj s on hand. Call and examine the Singer
Sewing Machine and thearlctvof work it
can perform at E. C. IfOLDEN'S.
Agent Singer Man. Co.
T. STRAUSS, - - AiJEXT.
Is now ready to supply the public with the
Celebrated Chicago Beer
In any quantity to suit. I have also this
t'rlrliraleil Clilrago Kecr In Holllm,
WIiIlIi is now - cry popular'among "all fami
nes aim haioons.
rieaso send in j our orders and they will
liaciny best attention.
' J. STP.AUSS,
Agent for Oregon and Wash. Ter.
MAKES VP riRST CLASS STOCK INTO
Harness and Saddles,
Anil will lit ou out in better si jlp and cheap
er rates than any other man In Oregon.
A lull lino of lVliipw, Curry Comb,
etc., 011 lianil.
Piles! Piles! Piles!
A Sure Cure round at T.ust I
' One 3f-cl SulTerl
A sura Cure for Blind, Bleeding, Itching
and Ulcerated Piles has been discovered by
Dr. Williams, (an Indian Itemcdv), called
Dr. William's Indian Ointment. 'A single
box lias cured the worst chronic cases of 23
or so years standing. No one need suffer
fhe minutes after apnljlng this wonderful
soothing medicine. Lotions, instruments and
electuaries do more harm than good. Wil
liam's Ointment absorbs tho tumors, allavs
the Intcnso-itelung, (particularly at night af
ter getting warm in bed), acts as a poultice,
gives instant relief, and is prepared onlv for
Piles, Itching of tho private parts, and for
Read what the Hon. J. Jr. Cofllnburry of
CIeel.ind,sas about Dr. William's Indian
Pile Ointment : Ih.uo used scores ot Pile
Cures, and it affords me pleasure to say that
I have never found an j thing which gave
such immediate and permanent relief as Dr.
William's Indian Ointment.
Forsalebyall druggists ormalled 011 re-
I'l'ipi 01 price. i uo.
JlKXtlV & CO.. Prop's.
Hodgc. Davis & Co., Wholesale Agents,
Free to Everybody!
A Beautiful Book for the Asking
By applying personal! vat the nearest oIT.co
Of THE SlNUEK irANOFACTURING CO..
(or by postal card If at a distance), and adult
person willbe presented with a beautifully
illustrated copy of n New Rook entitled
Story of tie Sewini MacMne.
Containing a handsome and costly steel en
graving frontispiece ; also, 23 finely engraved
wood cuts, and bound in an elaborate blue
and gold lithographed cover. No charge,
whatever is made for this handsome book,
which can be obtained onlv by application
at the branch and subordinate nfflces of Tlio
Singer Manufacturing Co.
The Singer Manufacturing Co.
Principal Office, 31 Union Square.
HOIIESTEAD OF JAS. SLATER. ONE
nnlo from Elk Creek. Clatsop county,
lfcO acres, 15 cleared and .fenced, house and
barn. A good cattleTanch. Inquire of
dwtf ' JOHN HOBSON.
! F!m Jk. IMEosfcfgomery,
srecrason to j
I COI5.R OF MAIX AXI
k TIT-Z"-a. k'l. I !' 1 1 wvvb.WSi
' fcl l s? """iv
STEAM 'PRINTING HOUSE
FASTEST ANJ) BEST FEESSES,
- ANJ) TYPE OF THE LATEST STYLEB.
saMVe purchase Paper. Cards. Ink, and other materials of the manufacturers
-flLt LoTu-ost OasliiHates,
And can therefore nlTordJto in-, as wealwajtjdo. Hip best articles, while charging
03STX.1T 3VC033353I:taunEI PRICES.
Cards, Envelopes, Circulars, Bill Heads and Letter Hearts.
TIIE EVERY DAY WANTS OP THE COUNTING ROOJ1 AND THK
WORKSHOP AKE KUPPIJED AT TRICES WHICH CAN-
NOT RUT GIVE SATISFACTION TO ALL.
(DAILY AND WEEKLY) .;
TS RESPECTED AND COMMENDED BY ALL FORIITS
Impartiality, Ability, Fairness aiid Reliability
THE PAPER POR THE
FOR THE FARMER,
FOR THE ApvRCHANT, -
DAILY ASTORIATV TERMS: BY iHAIK.
rosTACK rssr.R to alt. snESCRinERs.i
DAILY, ONE COPY ONE YEAK
DAILY. ONE COPY FOUR MONTHS
rSample copies of cither edition 10 cents.
Address : j. p. HAia.ORAHf A Co.
Publishers, Astoria, Oregon
aSTostmasters are anthorted to act as agents for The Astoriax.
ic-kins a. montoomkk.)
Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Ware.
'A GetcrM Assortment of
Mitgcc Stoves and .Ranges
The Best In the market!
I'lumbing goods ot all kinds on hand. Job
w ork done in a workmanlike manner.
COMMERCIAL MAN, '
FOR THE MECHANIC,
IFOR EVERY PERSON
: I 9 00
- S 00
- "-'. ,.-)? ,