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About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View This Issue
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Astoria, OregonT Saturday Morning, January' 7; L882.
The following description of our
sister Territory is from the Golden
The Territory contains about
70,000 square miles and G3,000 in
habitants. It is situated between
45- and 49 degrees north latitude
and between 117and 125 degrees
west longitude." Its extent from
north to south is ome 250 miles,
and 340 from east to west. In
climate, resources and productions
it is not unlike Oregon. The Cas
cade mountains, running north and
south, cut it in twain, leaving
about 20,000 square miles on the
Pacific side, and Eastern "Wash
ington more than twice that large.
The four highest peaks in the Cas
cade range are Mount Rainier, 14,
400 feet; Mount St Helens. 12,000
feet; Mount Baker, 10,300; and
Mount Adams a little less than 10,
000 feet. All of them are extinct
volcanoes, their summits being
covered with perpetual snow and
some of them having extensive
glaciers. "The Blue mountains of
Oregon extend into Columbia!
county iu the southeastern corner
of the Territory. The Olympic
mountains extend along the west
ern side from the Columbia river
to the Straits of Fuca, the highest
peak, Mount Olympus, rising over
The two great headlands are
Cape Hancock at the mouth of the
Columbia and Cape Flattery at the
Straits of Fuca, which lead into
Puget Sound. The coast line of
175 miles oetween these points is
almost unbroken, except at Shcal
water bay and Gray's harbor. The
strait extends' in some 70 wiles,
then Puget Sound extends perhaps
80 miles south, and the largest sea
going vessels can reach a point
nearly 150 miles from the ocean.
There are many indentions of the
strait and sound, and it is esti
mated that their total shore line is
little less than 2000 miles. The
commercial advantages of Puget
Sound are such that the advan
tages must radiate s through" the
The Columbia river, coming
from British Columbia, enters the
Territory near its northeast corner,
winds in a southerly direction to
the Oregon border and is then the
southern boundary of Washington
for some 300 miles to thp ocean.
In course of time, when obstruc
tions are removed, steamboats can
ascend it 1000 miles.
For about 30 miles the Snake
river forms the boundar between
Washington and Idaho, then it
flows perhaps a hundred miles
through the Territory along the
southern side of Whitman county,
before emptying into the Colum-.
bia. It is navigable to Lewiston,
which is just within the Idaho line.
The Cowlitz river, which flows into
the Columbia, is navigable some
25 miles,.and the Chehalis empty
ing into the ocean can be navi
rated perhaps double that distance.
Among the streams flowing into
Puget Sound are the Duwamish
and Snohomish rivers, each navi-
gable for about 30 miles. are more sturdy beggars about
The largest lake in Eastern J than any tnat come.t0 your doors.
Washington is Chelan in Stevens Taxes 'arc lpv-ed, state and coun
county, while west of the moun- i ty and c;tVj anj tj,e c;tizcn knows
tains lakes Washington and Union j what ho has got t0 pay and what
near Seattle are perhaps the mostjj3 g0;Ilg fc be done w;th it if he
important. can find out. All taxation should
In "Western Washington mere
are two seasonsthe wet and the
dry the former generally lasting
from November until early spring
time. The rains are not incessant
but frequent and of a drizzling na
ture. The rainfall is greatest .on
the coast and increases as you go
north. Gape Flattery at the en
trance to Puget Sound has some
times recorded an annual rainfall
of 130 inches, while at Steilaooom
near the southern extremity of the
Sound it rarely exceeds CO inches.
Ice and snow are but of short dura
tion, and notwithstanding the high
latitude, being that of Maine and
New Brunswick on the other
coast, grass is green the year
round and blooming flowers are
often seen in midwinter. The
warm Japan current in the one
case and the cold Arctic current in
the o'ther account for the differ
ence. The thermometer seldom
goes above 90 deg. or below 30
dog., the average for -the year be
ing about 50 deg.
Eastern Washington is dryer
and subject to greater extremes.
The average rainfall does not ex
ceed 20 inches while the mean
temperature is between 50 and CO
deg., the summer average being 73
deg. and the winter 34 deg. Along
the boundary -line of British Co
lumbia it sets somewhat colder.
BEECHER ON TARIFF.
The first "of a course of nine
lectures by public men on "Protec
tion and Free Trade," under the
auspices of the Brooklyn Reve
nue Reform Club, says the X. Y.
world, was delivered last evenin g
by the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher
in the First Baptist church of
Brooklyn. He said that his duty
was to discuss the subject only so
far as related to the moral aspect
of the question. L'he protective
system at present iu this country
was contrary to good morals, and
in the long.run would work mis
chief; it was directly contrary to
the spirit of the Gospel; a protec
tive tariff was organized immoral
ity. The AmelcM'cart?blfy5wEaf-
ever he likes in all the markets of
the world, but he cannot bring the
articles home. The government
says "you can't bring these things
homo unless you pay roundly for
the privilege. You must buy
them at home." "But I can't
buy them at home." And we are
told, he continued, "that this tariff
is to protect our home manufac
turers; but how about protecting
the liberty of the citizens. An
'immigrant, if his clothes are dirty,
can bring them in free to New
York, but if his stockings are
clean, the government supposes
that they have not been worn and
he must pay- a duty on them.
Between all the 'states there is
free trade, and it works- well;
everybody admits that; but the
moment we try to have free trade
with Europe we are told that wo
must not do it. It is a selfish
policy; it is separating this nation
from the rest of the world, and
this is contrary to good morals and
contrary to liberty. American
commerce has been well nigh de
stroyed; ship-building is almost an
: extinct trade. What are the
people thinking of? What has
commerce done that it is obliged
to walk in bondage to manufac
turers; no longer flying like the
eagle, but walking like tho barn
yard fowl. The few ships that
are left arc besiejrinjr oonerress for
sut,s;dies that they may live. There
, i,c aucct. The tariff draws larger
sums by indirection. Thero arc
two kinds of tariff, the revenue
tariff, and this may be borne, or
tolerated, but when a tariff is pro
posed that proposes not only to
raise revenue, but to raise, it in
order to protect somo special in
dustry, that is wrong and mis-
chievous. It is one of theJCreek," "Bad Man from Bodie,"
most vicious agglomerations of
abominations that can be imag-
ined. Our tariff excludes many I
articles which our people want,
and 49,000,000 of our citizens jire,
oppressed, that 500,000 laboring
men may be protected. Protec-,
; f w ; o ....... iA .ntnmn i
IWia UV ltlJH 4 DISH IW 1,ltl.ll V .
but in the end it destroys it and
leaves it in the position of rich
men's sons that have no necessity
for exertion. A man that is weak
may use a crutch, but the weak
manufacturers that have had the
crutch of protection for these last
twenty years are now clamoring
for three legs, two natural and one
wooden. The whole theory is
false, industries thrive best with
out protection; it .may take them
longer, but the growth is more
healthful. The energy and intel
ligence of the people are all that
are necessary for success, and they
need no protection. It is said that
the protective tariff favors tho la-
If tiiis was true we
should have no right
the wages of tho American laborer
at tho oxpense of the foreign la
borer; but it is not true; tho very
reverse of this is true. It is not
the protective tariff that raises the
price of labor, but it Is the hocial
and political surroundings of our
workingmen. One full third of
the wages of- our laborers goes to
pay the added price of all that
they consume or use added by
the duty on imports. The unpro
tected laborers uie vastly in the
majority over the protected ones;
the blacks of the south, the agri
cultural laboiers are far the most
numerous. Only .about 500,000
laborers have their wages raised
by this so-called protection, and
ithesehaYjtjT'to pay-oTie third of
their wages for tho protection that
the- are said to be receiving.
The whole machinery of this tariff
system is demoralizirtg. At this
hour what are protectionists do
ing? Is there one protected in
dustry that is willing to let go?
Is there one that will consent to a
reduction of the duty? Xot one,
They propose to take off the in
ternal revenue taxes; they pro
pose to take off the duty on
matches and patent medicines, and
confronted along the whole line
with the cry that our shipping is
ruined, they propose to take the
ships into their scheme of protec
tion; and they say: 'Run your
ships; we will pay the epe:ises
and leave you a little over.' While
Great Britain is enjoying a pros
perous trade with South America,
we propose jto pay John Roach for
running a few ships to Brazil.
Just now the majority may bo
against us, but we have truth on
our side; we have men on our side
that believe in it with their whole
souls, and who are determined
that their light shall not be hid
under a bushel. The whole force
of the Gospel of Christ is on our
side, and these things are invinci-
"ble; and they always are invinci
ble when patience and courage
are worthy of the truths which
Boy, Get a Revolver. I
Boy if you have an opportunity
to trade your mother's jewelry,'
your father's Sunday boots, your I
clothes, your personal property, or i
in fact, anything you can get your
"hooks" on for a revolver, you
should do it at once, for you can't
possibly get along without one a
self-cocking "Bulldog" is the best
to get, for with that you may send
yourself to eternity before you do.
anything else. There is something
romantic "about carrying a revolver.
It has a tendency to make people
j think you art a "Lop-Eared Dick,"
'Coyote Bill," "Cuss from Sugar
Creek," "Slumgullion from Bitter
or some other noted "cuss" or
dime-novel hero. 'Until the peo-
pie of tln community rome to look
upon you in tint, light, jou don't,
amount to much. People won't
r,e n", r i'n if vou 1,avo ljllt
01,B revolvrr. Get another as boon
a possible. Get half .i .dozen if
yon can, ana .njorm an your menus
voti are B-A-D! ?onie day some
man will come along with a double
barreled shotgun, and Jierfoiate
you in such a manner that you
would do tr sift sand through for
building purposes. Then your
friends will hire a Chinaman to
hunt hi omul and gather up your
remains, and vou will have a big
funeral, and everybody will be
glad to'have a chance to attend it.
Thus you will die 'gloriously,'
and your name will go ringing
down the ages as one of the big
gest dashed fools that ever dwelt
on this mundane sphere. Oh, yes!
you need a revolver. Jfaripom
To all who aie suffering from the
errors and Indiscretions of outh. nerv
ous weakness, early dctly, loss of man
hood, etc., 1 will send a recipe, that will
einc jou FREE OK CHARGE. This
gieat lomedy was"disoocied bv a mis
sionary in Ninth Ameiiea. tend a self
addtessed cmelopo to the Ilev. JoKi'ii
T. txuAM. fetation D.Xcw York City.
Mothers I 3J other!! Motlicrot !
Aie you disturbed at night and LiinUen
of jour rest by a sick child suffering
and en ing with the eAcrueiatiii" nain'
of cutting teeth? If so, goal oneenml
"et a bottle of Mis. Wmslow's .Sooihmg
fejrup, it will relieve tho poor littlu suf
ferer immediately depend -anion it;
tlieie is no mistake about it. There is
not a mother on eaith who has eer
used it. who will not t"II jou at once
that it will regulate the Iwmols. and
gip rest to the mother, and relief and
health to the child, operating like magic.
It is perfeetlj safe to Use in all cases,
and pleasant to Hie taste, and is the pre
scription of one ol the oldest and best
female phjsielans and nurses In the
United fetatcs. Sold eerj where. 'J.',
cents a bottle.
The Count Ciiuhou was the Spanish
ic Count LiiH lion was tlu Snamshi
Viceroy in I'ciu in VM. .The Counter.
his witc, uas rownted by un intermit-. irori.iaHun call at iuy residence near
tent fever, from winch she was freed by tlc ocmoterj. Jons Williamson".
the use nf the natnc remedy, the Peru-
Ian bark. or. as il was called In the'
language of tho countij, Quinquina.". ' "Sternal Accord.
(Iratefulforherieeou'iy, on her return I . ;, . ., , ..
to Europe iu lfts, she introduced the' ,A',K,!S C.VTnAUTicPiLi.s are the best
remedy in Spain, wheie it uas ktionn , ,f "' pin;uties for family use. They
under aiious names, until Linu.cus , the product of long, lalwnpus, and
called it Cinchona, in honor of the ladv ! successful chemical investigation, and
who had In ought them that which was ' c.Mt'n"lu use by physicians in
more jueciotis than the gold of the Incas. their piacllee. and by all crvlllzcd na
To this day. after a Iaphe of two huii-l tions.moes them the he .and most ef
dred and lifty ear, science has gi en ffctual ptirgatlp Pill that medical sci-
ally cures a morbid appetite for
ii noUi il" to tnke its n nee. it f recto-
lants, by restoring the natural tone of
the stomach. It attacks ccesive love
if liquor us it does a feier. and de-troys
both alike. The powerful tonic lirtue
of the Cinchona is pic-ened iu the
Permian Hitters, which aie as eiTectivo
against malarial fcier to-day as thej
were in the dais of the old Spanish
Vicerojs. 'c guarantee the ingredi
ents ot these hitlers to he absolutel)
pure, and of the Iiest known quality.
A trial will satisfy jou that this is the
best bitter in the w nrld. "The proof of
the pudding is in the eating," and wo
willingly abide this test. For sale by
all nrnggists grocers and liquor dealers.
Catarrh cured, health and sweet
bieath. secured by Shiloh's Catarrh Uem
cdy. Price 50 cents-. Xasal Injector free.
For sale by V. E. Dement.
Will j on suffer with Dispepsia and
Liier Complaint? Shiloh's italizcr is i
guaranteed to cine ou. .vim uy m . i
The Peruvan sj nip has cured thou
sands who were suffering fiom dyspep
sia.neunity, nvcr complaint, nous, it tt
mors female complaint.-, etc. Pamph
lets free to any address. Seth W.Fow If
& Sons. Boston.
" CELEBRATED f V
Hie name oi iiostcuers nroniacii jnuer
is ueara in eier-ieinnK.ii imus a place in
e ery household, and its prales nre sounded
thioufthout the whole Western Hemlsnlicre.
as a general inviKorant, a cure for sick head
ache, i specific for flatulency and sour stoni-a-h,
an appctizlnR stomachic, and excellent
blood depurcnt and certain remedy for In
termittent fever and kindred diseases. For
sale by all Druggists and dealers generally.
tEU'lS. sraSm i
Kuriiislifil KooniM to Let
At Mr. Munsou's lodging house.
Just icceited per sicaiurr Columbia,
a line lot of eastern oysters, which will
be sen wi up in first class stylo at Ros
coes, Orcitlent block.
On alter this date an additional 10
cents per cord will be charged on all
orders for siwed wood not accompanied
b the cash, atCrais wood jard. Julv
Another fine lot .of Eastern Oysters
just recehed at Roscoes, per steamer
Oregon. Occident block.
All of the choicest kinds of apples in
the largest boxes for sale at J. II. D.
Arrlconl Lodging; Ilouwe. Port
New house and first class in its ap
pointments. Third street, in If. It
rhompson's block, opposite Capt. Ains
worth. Itooms iy tho day, week or
month. Mr.s.E. Akkkioni.
.otico to the Ladle.
few itches, eurls and frizzes made, from
combings or cut hair. Call on or ad
dress 'm. Unr.EXHATiT,
Occident hair dressing saloon,
Tlir Weekly lilonan
Is a mammoth sheet, nearly double
the size of the Daily. It is just tho pa
per for the fireside, containing in addi
tion to all the current news, choice mis
cellany, agricultural matter, market re
ports, etc. 1 1 is furnished to single sub
scribers at ! 00 per year in adi auce.
Buy the Weekly..
Tin: Vkeki.v Astokiax for this
week is full of just such information
and news of the country as your friends
in the east want to sec. It has very
tew advertisements, and Is chock to the
muzzle of information tnat no family
can siicepssfullj squeeze along without.
Two dollars will buy the whole wad for
a year. $1 "o for six months, or ten cents
Great bargains are now offered iu the
e.Itv of Wllltamsnnit for unv nersons
I wishing to locate from one fot to five
j acres. It is well adapted for gardens,
dairy ranches or pleasant homes; well
ct;.. ., v.,.. i..,. ,i, a
I Ji;itlt.lla 11UUKIU "IU IllliU tUlll "L
U,n.i..,i r.m.1 fnHiP. i.Imp.. .w fnrthpr
iciii - i - rainir im iji iiiiliiimu tmuu uiiii
siimu-!ratp i. .'' ot,lc,r IiIIs c
tic powers no other rills can be
conipaiecl with them, and ciery person,
knowing their ilrtncs. will employ
them, when needed. They keep tho
Ostein in pwfeet order, and maintain in
healthy action the whole machinery of
life. Mild, searching and effectual, thev
arc especially adapted to tho needs of
tne digestive apparatus, uerangenienis
of vhlcli they prevent and cure, if
timely taken. They are the best and
safest phjsic to employ for children and
weakend constitutions, where a mild
and effectual cathartic is requiicd.
Fon Sam: nv am. Deai.kus.
'KID FEY S.
In all iwcior billloustiess and ni.il.irla in
e ery foi ni, a pre entnth e and cure ot cliills,
feier anil dumb ajrue. Dr. Holman's I'ad Is a
fierfect success. Aud for dyspepsia, sick
leatlaehe anil nrnoiis prostration, as the
pad Is applied oTer the pit of the stomadi,
theKre.it nenous centei.it annihilates the
disease nl once
II rrculatestheliiTrand stomach so vjc
cessiiilli that iliRestioa becomes perfect.
lTr. II. A. IKwih sajs: "It Is nearer a
linhersal panacea than anything in medl
cine." llj Isiui'.if on me nrmclDle
sfr!iriaii. nf whl.Ml llr Tlnlmnn's I'm.1 Ic thA
onl true exponent,
Tor all kldnej troubles, use Dr. Holman's
t Iten.'iLur Kldnei l'adtlie best remedy in the
Beware of Bogus Pads.
Kaoh L'lMitnne Ilohnnn's Pad bean the uri-
vatpreieniiP stamp of the Holicau l"adl'o..
I v. it li the uliote trade mark printed In green.
Ku none without It.
For Sale by all Druggists.
llr llnlm.in'w niHlMk ttfn Full trn.ttise
1 sent free on application.
Aihlress; 1IOUIAX I'AU CO
714 Ilroadnaj , Xew York.
i - - . .
r,lVKIlPOOT. FISHERY S.1I.T
For sale clieap. Apply to
J. O. nUSTLEK.
Astoria, Dec. 29, 1831.
S. ARNDT & FERCHEN;
ASTORIA. - ORFCOX.
The Pioneer Machine IShop
Ail Unas of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty inmle of repairing
FOOT OK J-UWYETTE STISKET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
IlKSTON STKFKT. XBAH I'AKKKIt ITOUSH
ASTOIUA. -' ORIXION. -
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
Bailer Work, Steamboat Work,
and Cannery Work i specialty.
A. I). AVvss. President.
.1. O.Hcsti.fii, Scere tar).
I. W. CSF. Treasurer.
Jonx 1'ox, Superintendent.
Comer Main nnd Chenamus Strceu,
AS rOKI A OKKUOK.
CIGARS AND TOBACCO,
JOSEPH RODCERS & SONS
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
AND THE GENUINE WOSTENHOLM
and other English Cutlory.
FAIRCHILD'S GOLD PENS
Genuine Meershaum Pipes, etc,
A. flue stock of
tVatrhpt nntl Jewelry, Muzr.lr and
Itrcpcli Loading Miot Guns ami
ItlfleH, Itevolvers, 1'lstoln.
ALSO A FIIfE
As.-ortment of line Sl'ECTAa.ES and EYE
Per British barn "ATanlock" due at Astorii
March 1st. ,
100 Tons No.1 Glencarnock Scotch
40 Tons English Foundry Coke,
350 Tons Best Hard Steam Coal.
Anplv to APG. C. KINMIV,
pERMANIA BEER HALL
BOTTLE BEER DEPOT.
ChKAMU8 StRITST. ASTORIA.
The Best of Lager 5 Cts. a Glass
Orders for the
Celelrateu ColmMa Brewery
lft al this place will bo promptly attend
ed to. .
C-No cheap San Francisco Beer sold at
WM. BOCK. Proprietor.
AT THK 01,1) STAXD, GBAY'.S BUILDINK
FIRST CLASS WORK A Srr.CIAI.TY.
OPrOSITE Ctlt. & N. COMPAXYS POCK.
None hut the best liquors ana cigars passed
over the bar.
I. "W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
Comer Cheiianms and Cass streets.
ASTORIA - - - OREGON
e:ifes?r.)ss ?i s
P C. HOLDEX,
acctioxkei:, commission .and
sukance "agent. "
T A. aicIXTOSH.
Occident Hotel minding,
ASTORIA - - - OREGON
TCI . TVINTOJT,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Oftlce in C. U Parker'-s building, on Benton
steeet, opposite. Custom Bousa,
ASTOKIA, ... - OREGON.
JAY TCTTLE. M. .
THYSICIAN AND SURGEON!
OrncK-Over the "White House Stored
Rksidftck At Mrs. Munson's hoarding
house, Chenamus street, Astoria, Oregon.
y craxo, at. ! -
"PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Itnom So. 3. Astorlan Ituildinc.
1:esidkicf Comer of-Benton and Court
street"", Astoria, Oregon.
"P P. IHCttS.
ASTOKIA, ... - OREGON.
Rooms In Allen's building lip stairs, comr
of Cass and bneniocqhe streets.
I Q. A. BOWLBY.
ATTORNEY"" AT- LATV.
Chenamus Street. - ASTORIA. 0REGOl
II.UX fc CO.,
Windows, BIIndH, Trnn
noihh, Lumber, Etc.
All kinds of Oak Lumber, Glass, Boat Miu
Steam Mill near 'Weston hotel. Cor. lli-evlve-and
J. H. D. GRAY,
Wholesale and retail dealer In.
.ILL KIXDS OF FEED,
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wowl, Etc.
General storage and Wharfage on reason
able terras, tout of Benton street. Astoria
John Rogers, Centra! Market,
Has received a large ini olee of
BARRELS AND HALF BARRELS
ot the best quality.
And is now ready to supply Butchers Can
neries nnd all others, cheap for cash.
New and Choice
milli n:e r y,
Desires to call the attention of the Ladies ot
Astoria to the fact that'she has received
a large assortmont ot tho
IiATKST STYIiES OF
Hats, Bonnets, Trimmings,
Comer Mam and Squemoqlie Streets.
Wilson. & Fisher
LUBRICATING OILS, COAL OIL,
PAINTS AND OILS;,"
Sheet, Round, and' Square-Prepare
Rubber Packings "
PROVISIONS, MILL FEED,"--
GARDEN SEED, GRASS SEED7"
Wlih'hulllbp exchanged for couutrypro
duceorsoldat lowest prices.
Corner Chenamus and Hamilton Streets
3Irs. P. 3L Williamson,
All kinds of
LADIES UNDERWEAR, ETC.
Corner of Cass and Jefferson streets, Astoria
"Stamping and Dress Making done to
i ..dZ 1
. . -.&,