Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1876-1883 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 13, 1877)
D. C. JKETLXSO Editor.
THURSDAY SErT. 13, 18
Notes and Comments.
An archaic tomb has been dis
covered on the Quirinal in Rome
by workmen engaged in lowering
the level of the street. It was cut
out of the rock and filled with dirt,
in which there was some broken
Etruscan pottery and some terra
Designs lor a colossal eques
trian statute of General Robert
Lee are advertised for in the Lon
don Journals. The slatue .is to
be erected on the Capitol Square
in Richmond, Virginia, and the
designs were to have been readv
by the first Monday in this month.
The amount of labor performed
in the New York Post-oflice and
the promptness with which it is
executed may be learned from the
statement that one day last week,
between the hours of eight and ten
in the morning, 100,000 letters
were sorted, and sent out by the
carriers at the 10:30 delivery.
Nearly a. quarter of a million let
ters were handled during the day,
and every letter was ready for the
first delivery after its receipt at the
An Important Lesson.
Some years ago a ship sailing in
the South Atlantic saw another
making signals of distress. They
bore down toward the sufferers,
and hailed them. "What is the
matter?" cried the captain, through
his trumjiet. "We are dying for
water," was the feeble response.
"Dip it up then!" shouted back
the astonished captain, "you are in
Lne mourn oi tne Amazon river.
And sure enough, there these sail
ors were, with mrched lins and
mere was notnmg out tne ocean s
brine around them, when they
were in the mouth of the mightiest
river on the globe, with three
hundred jniles of fresh water all
Thus are we, poor thirsty souls,
sailing on the bondless ocean of
God's love, heedless of the Divine
voice which saith, "If thou knewest
the gift of God, and who it is that
saith to thee, 'give to me drink,'
thou wouldst have asked of him,
and he would have given thee liv
From the Washington Star.
The practice of bringing Indian
delegations to Washington on tri
fling pretexts ought to be discour
aged. A couple of years ago Red
Cloud and Spotted Tail, with large
delegations, were here to negotiate
with the "Great Father" in regard
to several matters, one of which
was the removal of their agencies
to the Missouri river. They agreed
to do this for a certain considera
tion, but after they returned home
changed their minds, and the gov
ernment has since been unable to
make them keep up their promise.
The big chiefs rather liked their
visit to Washington, where they
were lodged at a hotel and rioted
out at government expense in cal
ico shirts and stove-pipe hats, to
say nothing of a large amount of
trinkets and jxewasrs dear to the
redskins' heart. The result is that
they want to pay another visit to
Washington to talk further about
the agency matter. There is no
earthly necessity for bringing them
here to" waste time in talking about
a matter already settled. The last
oioux delegation cost the govern
ment $50,000, but in that case the
inoney was judiciously expended,
since there is reason to believe that
a war with the Sioux was averted
by their visit. It only reniainsfor J confidential as personal word-of-the
goverement to comnel the mouth communications. Telepho-
baoux to live up to their
mbnt and call the entire army to
dife aid if necessary to compel their
removal to the Missouri, where
they can be rationed at much less
expense than the present location.
The Roman Catholic Bishop of
the Diocese of Cleveland, Ohio,
has issued an order to the clergy
and laity of his diocese which con
tains some very wholesome in in
structeons: To prevent and guard aga:nsfc
abuses that are rapidly growing up
in the diocese, in connection with
church and society picnics, excur
sions, festivals, etc., the following
regulations are prescribed:
1. Societies that are
for beneficial purposes, and whose
benelits are confined to their mem
bers, or societies that are organized
for private ends and interests, can
not be permitted to appeal to the
public by picnics, excursions, fes
tivals, suppers, lectures, etc., to
raise funds for their own private
use and benefit. Public appeals
must be for the public charities,
and societies cannot be permitted
to appeal to the public, except
where the money so raised is to be
used for and in the interest of some
2. All kinds of round danciner.
night dancing, dancing in halls or
ball-rooms, for the raising of money
for church purposes or public char
ities, are strictly and unqualifiedly
3. The sale of wine, beer, or any
kind of intexicating: liquors at
church picnics, excursions, festi
vels, supperj, etc., is strictly for
bidden, and will not be pernrtted
under any pretence whatsoever.
4. Moonlight excursions, picnics
continued till after nightfall, meet
ings of the people where morals or
good behavior are endangered, are
5. Before any picnics or excur
rions, whether for church or society
purposes, can be held, the permis
sion of the Ordina y must be first
G. Pastors will read these regu
lations at mass on Sunday after
their receipt, and see that they are
The Telephone and Its Uses.
From the Boston Transcript
The latest from Professor Bell's
telephone, says the Boston Tran
script, has the whole machine,both
for speaking into and hearing out
of, reduced to the size and shape
of an ordinary door knob. A
shiny black piece of thin iron the
size of a three cent piece let into
the surface of the mahogany knob
is what does the talking. Conceal
ed in the wooden stem of the
magnet from which proceed the
silk-covered wires which cover theft -
viva-voce message. lliere are
two knobs, so that two may listen
to a reply, or a single listener in
crease the amount of voice heard
by holding one of the knobs to
each ear. A common electric bell
operated by the same wire, to call,
completes the equipment. It is
still wonderful, notwithstanding
the increasing commonness of the
telephone,to hear a superintendent
or head of a house m the city
making inquiries and giving orders
to his foreman out at the mill or
factory twenty miles away, and re
ceiving equally detailed answers
and inquiries for instructions in re
turn, such as could hardly have
been transmitted by the 'piano
playing' telegraphs, so costly in
time would conferences of that
length have been. So large has
the demand become that the price
for the use of the telephone which
the patentee does not sell, has just
gone up irom $u to $ov a year.
It seems to us, however, that the
perfecting of this most beaut:ful
and important invention has yet
further to go. A great advantage,
besides speed and facility, over the
old telegraph in dispensing with
the transmitter and the writins: of
the dispatch is in the possibility of
having messages as private and
ny leaves no written messages on
file, and takes no third person, in
the shape of telegrapher, into the
secrets of the communication.
Spite of all the oaths that tele
graphers take, it is well understood
that no communication of great
importance on business or politics
is safe unless it be in cipher. The
telephone is therefore essentially
and theoretically a means of whis
pering into partner's or henchman's
ear what is for that ear alone. In
practice, however, it is as yet found
necessary to speak in a loud tone
and with slow enunciation, which
would preclude all confidences that
a, man's clerks may not share,unless
deafened doors and walls seclude
him from the business in which
the telephone is employed. This
defect is no doubt something that
will disappear in the development
of the invention, so rapid and suc
cessful hitherto. Mean while tfye
Grains over the former means of
communication are truly immense
immeasurable, in fact, to present
experience with the great revolu-
An Enormous -Tax on Flour
TIip Cochrane Pnlent for Jlilliua: lVliat
the Greatest .lliilevin the I nitetl Siaies
says About if How it Mill ;eaf ly la
crcase the Piice for Flour ir luin
tainctl. From the Xew York Tribune.
Ex-Gov. Cadwallader C. Wash
burn of Wisconsin, in conversation
with a representative of the Tri
bune recently, gave a history of a
patent for milling wheat, which
threatens to impose a tax of mil
lions of dollars on the flour con
sumers of the country. He said:
"I am particularly interested just
now in fighting the infamous patent-right
swindle which is going
to levy tribute on every loaf of
bread made in this country. You
haven't heard about it? Why, its
makino- a jjreat sensation in tne
west. Its a long story, but I can
give you the gist of it in a few
moments. I am, by the way, the
largest miller in the United States;
my mills being at Minneapolis,
Minnesota. All millers are now
using what is called the high pro
cess of grinding, which was gener
ally introduced in this country
about 1S71, but had been in use
in Europe for fifty years. I will
explain: the terms of high and low
grinding means the bringing the
upper or running millstone low
down and in close proximity to
the nether stone, by reason of
which the largest amount of flour
is derived from the first grinding;
but, as necessarily must be the
case, a great deal of the outr coat
ing of the wheat, top-ether with
the embryo, would be reduced to
such fineness as to go into the
flour, and a separation was impos
sible. The high grinding is the
direct opposite of the low, and the
object is at the first grinding to
rid oi tne bran at once
bran at once and
make as little flour as possible.
This is done by blowing the bran
off the coarse ground grain or
middlings, and afterwards grind
ing fine the small white granules.
I bought my machines in France.
This improved process is now ab
solutely indispensable to success
ful milling. Deprive any miller
of it, and he is ruined.
"A ring of speculators in "Wash
ington have lately got hold of an
old patent, never used, and have
got it reissued so as to cover all
the machines for effecting the pro
cess I have described. It is called
the Cocliranc patent. After quietly
taking out the reissue, they went
on without making any noise and
took a suit up to the Supreme
court, with a man of straw for de
fendant, and as no real defence
was made, they easily obtained a
decision based on an opinion given
by Justice Miller. Now this gang of
patent swindlers are attacking the
heaviest millers with suits, expect
ing to terrify all the others. They
have singled ouj the Jewells of
Brooklyn, the Hexells of Rich
mond, and my mills at Minneapo
lis. They have put- me under
bonds in the enormous sum of
250,000, pending the conclusion
of injunction proceedings.
"I learn that the rascals propose
to be magnaimous, and to grant
licenses to such millers as will rec
ognize the validly of their patent,
for the moderate sum of $6,000 for
each run of stones, which for this
city alone amounts to the vast
sum of $1,200,000. While primar
ily this great sum would come
from the millers, really it all comes
out of the farmer and consumer at
last, and they are the real people
most interested in the defeat of
this enormity. As there are over
6,000 runs of stones in the United
States, this license will amount to
$36,000,000. We are going to
brincc this great outrage before
Congress next winter and try to
have the patent cancelled. The
o-'-ain-growinn; sections of the west
are indignant at the exposure of
ii;s enormous fraud, and the grain
consuming east ought to be equally
arroused, for the attempted tax on
the chief necessary of life affects
In this city, on the 8th hist., by ltev. T. A.
Ilvluml, Mr. A. H. Withers of Astoria, ami
Miss Susie A. Shields of Upper Astoria.
eet, (opposite the
Gfcnts suits made to order in latest styles
and warranted to nt.
jST'Clothes cleaned and repaired.
BUY XOXE BUT TIDE
THE BEST - - WORLD
For sale at the
CITY BOOK STORE:
TIIE TOT DERSIGXED TAKE PLEASURE TO
A'NOUC15 TO TIIKm PATRONS AND
DEALERS IN GENERAL THAT THEY HAVE
LATELY LARGELY INCREASED THEIR FAC
TORY AND ARE NOW PREPARED TO FUR
NISH AS GOOD AN ASSORTMENT IN THEIR
LINE AS ANY HOUSE ON THE COAST.
Special inducements to cash custo
mers. AlilSKT & 3IEGEM3,
i. O. Box 64.
103 First Street.
Faefory on Alrter Street, between First
mid Second Street, Portland, Oregon.
"Root & shoR
Corner of Cass nnd Squeraocqha streets.
FOR THE NEXT THIRTY BAYS
I WILL SELL ALL MY
LARGE STOCK OF
Mens', Boys', Ladies', Miss
es and Children's
BOOTS AND SHOES
At a considerable reduction from
previous prices, many kinds
C. 4m SMITH, Prop.
IHUI U1IU 1J1U1UIU JJILJ
AS GHEAP AS CAX BE
LAUDED II ASTORIA.
Can "be had
in any quantity at my
83"Agent for sale of San Juan Lime
FOB SALE, TO LET, ETC.
15,000 Brick at the Farmers' "Ware
house, at $11 00 per thousand.
Apply to J. BASSETT,
63;dlur Sovoy's Saloon Astoria.
One Store ami several Oftto,4
in Smitli's Kuildinp: on tho roadway.
For further particulars inquire at
L. K. G. SMITH'S cigar stand.
7-21dtf Cor. of itfain and Chenumus.
-J- OTS FOR SALE OR REST.
Two lots, vro situated on tho corner o!
ITobson and Squemoaha streets, will be sold
cheap for cash, or will be leased low on livo
years time. Inauiro at this olliee. d-wtt
CARPENTER AND JOINER,
AND GENERAL JOBBER.
AST ORIA, OREGON.
built to order, and satisfaction
(Successor to Varwig & Burke)
AND DKALFR IS
IRON AND BRASS GOODS.
Also Agent for V. C. Wilcox
FlaveFs Warohouse, Astoria.
Hot, Cold, Shower, Hsg!
Occident Hotel Shaving Saloon
iNlEDEKAUER & UhLEXHART,
feB-Special attention paid to-LADIES' and
CHILDREN'S HAIR CUTTING
iZB" Private Entrance for Ladics'Sa
J. R. Sl'EPHARI).
C. H. STOCKTON.
Late of Kalonin.
SHEPPARD & STOCKTON.
HOUSE, SIGN, CARRIAGE. AND ORNA
GRAINING A Specialty, KALS0M1NING,
MARBLING AND GLAZING
done to order with neatness and dispatch.
warLcavo your orders at tho NEW SHOP,
on Main street, Astoria, Oregon.
WHICn WILL "BE SOID AS LOW
ANY HOUSE 1 OREGON.
BAIN & FERGUSON,
And Denier in
a:lso importer ok
CARPETS, OIL CLOTHS, AYALL
PAPER, SHADES, etc.
52?All kinds of repairing promptly at
tenclen to, ansd furniture made to order.
V3TA full line of pfeture mouldings and
frames, brackets, window cornices, etc.
JS-Full stock and lowest prices, comer oi
Squemocqha and Main street, Astoria,
WEST SHORE MILLS.
J. C. TRULLIN"GEK, - - Proprietor,
of tho above Min
is now prepared to fill all order?, largo an3
small, for every kind of
On satisfactory terms.
E. C. HOLDEN.
HOLDEN & LAUGHERY,
At the old stand-IIOLDEX'S AUCTION'
ltOOlIS on Chenamus street.
AH kinds of uphalsfceiy and cabinet work done
to order. Manufacturers of
Lounges, Spring Beds.
Of any sizo and quality.
Picture Frames and Furniture Manufac
tured or Repaired by Experienced
BSTSecond hand Furniture bought and sold,.