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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1878)
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DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF OREGON.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 5, 187.
lM'Tk ss 7fzsz7 rrt
1 V .
A LOCAL NEWSPAPER
FOR T H K
Farmer, HotinrM Jtn and Family Circle
ISSUED EVERT THURSDAY.
PBOPBIETOK AND FUBLISHBB. O
Official Paper for Clackamas County.
Office: lu KaterjtrUe Ilulltlliiyr,
Oue door South of Masonic Building, Main Street.
Termn of Kubaerlptlon
Single Copy, one year, in advance .... S3 50
StuKle Copy, liix uiontha, iu advance 1 60
Term of Adterlliinti
Transient advertisements, including all legal
notices, per square of twelve lines, one
week $ 2 50
For each aubaeiuent insertion 100
Uue Column, one year . 120 00
Half Column, one year 60 00
Quarter Column, one year 40 00
bubine- Cad. oue square, one year 12 00
OREGON LODGE, No. 3, 1. O. O. F.
If!. Bverv ThurKlfiv Kvunln?. at
7!4 o clock, in Udil t euows uau, v .'LiV?
juainoireet. ji.muer ui m. uiuci '
are mvueu 10 bikuu.
By order of N. O.
REBECCA DEGREE LODGE, No. 2,
1. O. O. F., meets on the Second and .t vT
Fourth Tuettday Evemnua ot' each month, I I j4 1
at 7 5 o'clock, in the Odd Fellows' Hall. J ft.
Members of the Decree are invited to-
FALLS ENCAMPMENT, No 4,
I. O. O. F., meet at Odd Fellows Hall on
the First and TliuC Tuesday of eacb month.,
Fatriarchs in gooa atanding are invit.d to
MULTNOMAH LODGE, No. 1,
A. F. t A. JI.. holds its regular coniuiuni-
ratinni nn th. Vtrwt n . t Tliiril t-tRlliri 1 AVB
in each month,, at 7 o'clock from the 20th
of September to the 'Jutti of March; and '
73 o'clock from the 2t'th of March to the '
20tU of iieptember. Brethren in good standing are
invited to attend. By order of T. M.
WARREN N. DAVIS. M. D.,
Plij nieiaii and Surgeon,
Graduate of the University of Pennsylvania.
Officb at Cliff House.
CAN BY, OREGON.
Physician and Druggist.
" aVFreseriptioiiB carefully filled at short notice.
DR. JOHN WELCH,
OFFICE IN OREGON CITY OREGON.
Hifcjhf-Ht cash price paid for County Orders.
E. L. EASTHAM,
ATTOKXIIY-AT-Ia A IV ,
OREGON CITY, OREGON.
Special attontion given to t.siness in the TJ. S.
OiUce in Myer's Brick.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
ATTORNEYS aM COUNSELORS AT LAW
OREGON CICY, OREGON.
Will practice in all the Courts of the State.
Special attention given to cases in the United
Stat.a Land Office at Oregon City. 6apr'7-2-tf
BLANKS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION FOR
bale at tliisoflice. Justices of the Fveaoe can
g.t anytniug in their line.
GEO. A. HARDING,
Druggist aM Apottary,
T'EEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A GENERAL
IV assortment of
lmigs and Chemicals,
4'vmton nct Itrualaea.
klioalilrr Brace l.ur., and
Kernene Oil. Lamp diimneya.
VlaM. Fullr. Painu. ll
Yarulalic and A9 stiuM.
PORE WINES AND LIQUORS FOR
PATENT MEDICINES, ETC ETO
Physicians' Prescriptions carefully com
pouuded. and all orders correctly auswtred.
Open at all hours of the night
lijk- All accounts must be paid monthly.
Uuvl.UTStf WARD & HARDING.
W. H. HICHFIELD,
EstnblltiluMl since '-AO,
One door North of Pope's Hall,
M AIX ST.. Ki:0. CITV, UHK0..
au assortment of Watches, Jewelry, and
ce,a nomas' weight Clocks, all of which SV
' ' ""' oe as represented. eiii
mmeon suort notice; andthauiut
for past patrouae.
- a l'M lor onnty Order.
JOHN M. BACON,
FR tJIKX .H.tl)E T OltDCR.
"At the Post Office. Main Street, west side.
A. G. WALLINC'S
Pioneer ISook Itimlcry
Pittock's Building, cor. of Stark and Front fits..
J0p0Jt!l"D ANBOCND TO ANY
iewapapra Jil Mu8l BotkB, Magazines,
o.S th.""1" let, of style
PmpUy attend rder from the country
t . - novl . T5.tr
PlCri KE FRAMES. MOULDINGS AND illSCEL-
"The Hot Season."
At last two Fabrenbeita blew up,
And killed two children small,
And one barometer shot dead
A tutor with it ball .
Now all day long the locusts sang
Among the leafless trees ;
Three new hotels warped inside out
The pumps could only wheeze;
And ripe old wine, Uiat twenty years
Had cobwebbed o'er in vain.
Came 6pouting through the rotten corks
Like July's best champagne.
The Worcester locomotives did
Their trips in half an hour;
The Lowell cars ran forty miles
Before they checked their power;
Hull brimstone soon became a drug,
And locofocos fell,
AU asked for ice, but everywhere
, Saltpeter was to sell.
flump men of mornings ordered tights,
Bat ere the scorching noons,
Their candle molds had grown as loose
As Cossack pantaloons!
The dogs ran mad men could not try
If water they would choose;
A horse fell dead he only left
Four red-hot, rusty shoes 1
And all about the warehouse steps
Were angry men in droves,
Crashing and splintering through the doors,
To smash the paten . stoves!
Oliver Wendell Ilolmts.
The Spy's Story.
HOW THE TEXAS TRAIN ROBBERS WERE
The recent events in tbe ordinarily ob
scure and serene country town of Round
Rock, iu the shadows of the State capital,
til teen miles distant, have produced a
profound sensation that has thrown the
late Democratic State C invention en
tirely iu the shade. The name of Sam
Bss, the dead robber cbieftan, is ou
every lip in Texas, and all other topics
have been for the last few days sunk iu
the blank of romance iu which the ill
fated sun of this modern R ibin Hood
has descended to its last aad final rest.
The life of the daring robber chief, who,
for the last five months, has kept North
tin Texas in a fever of excitement, has
already appeared in the leading papers.
It remains to complete the story of his
capture and tragic death by recounting
that of the detective, James W. Murphy,
the man who betrayed Bass and his gang
iuto the hands of the State Rangers.
James W. Murphy, or "Jim" Murphy,
as he was familiarly called among his
campanions, seems to have been a resi
dent of Denton County, where he was
acquainted not only with Sam Bass be
fore he took to the life of a brigand, but
also with Jackson, Underwood and other
desperadoes, who tubsequently com
posed his gang. Uid man Alurpliy,
Jim's father, resides iu Denton, and dur
ing the spring both father and son were
indicted before the United States Court
at Tyler, charged with being accessory
to the train robberies, and furnishing in
formation to Bass and his brigands.
"Jim" was incarcerated, failing to give a
Uprm the 19th of May, Murphy, be
coming tired of life in a Texas prison,
sent for Major John B. Jones, command
ing the State Ringers, and proposed that,
if the charge against him were canceled,
he would go back to Djnton County aod
join the Bass gang in the character of
spy, with the object of giving the rob
hers away to the authorities at the first
htting opportunity. ine ouer was ac
cepted. Deputy United States Marshal
Johnson and Lieutenant June Peak, of
the Rangers, were admitted to the secret.
The report was spread that Murphy had
escaped and "jumped his bond." This
was for the purpose of preparing the way
for Murphy's reception among the rob
bers, and deluding them into the idea
that he was a fugitive from justice, a
character which he now boldly assumed.
He made overtures to the gang, sayiug
he had to lie out-in tbe bushes anyhow,
for fear of the officers of the law, antd
that he might as well adopt their pro
fession and become one of them, promts
ing to aid and assist them in all their
uudietakings, however desperate. They
were at first suspicious of their new re
cruit. He, however, went along with
them. One of the party stole a horse at
Denton, and the gang, passiug within a
short distance of Dallas, rode down Elm
Creek, resting two daj3 in tbe Collins
settlement. Here the robbers received
information that Murphy had joined them
for the sole purpose of betraying them.
Tne gang were camped in the shadows
of the lofty trees tnat waved above the
banks of the creek mentioned. For the
spy it was a moment of extreme peril,
and but for his coolness and the efforts
of the robber Jackson who had been
raised up with him in the same neigh
borhood all had been lost, and Murphy's
body left food for tbe ravens of the val
ley. To any man who knows bis life is
in the ballance, subject to a feather's
weight, it is a terrible moment. Bass,
the chief, and his brigands held a coun
cil under the trees. The sene. full of
romance, might well have served as au
excellent theme for the pencil of art. In
the midst of the bindits, who sat round
in obsequious silence, stood the tall,
well-proportioned form of their chief,
wearing around his waist the usual six
shooter, and on his head a slouched and
well-worn hat. Heavy spurs jingled on
his boots, which were worn over his
trowsers in military style, and upon his
handsome face and dark, keen eyes there
rested a somewhat gloomy expression,
heightened and enchanted by the deep
shadows of the forest. ZSach robber
spoke his sentiments when invited by the
arch brigand. It was a court that
broolced no delay, would grant uo con
tinuances, suffer no appeals t judges
with itching palms. This the spy knew
full well, and earnestly and anxiously he
scanned the ominous face of tbe chief.
The verdict was quickly rendered.
Briefly made, it was briefly communi
cated to the condemned betrayer. For
him an eternity ( f anxiety filled that sin
gle moment. His jurors were even be
ginning to prepare for his execution.
Drops of sweat stood on his forehead,
and his hand trembled as with the palsy.
Jackson, the friend of his youth, took his
part, and Murphy pleaded for his life,
earnestly and fluently. He confessed to
Bass the whole transaction and tsreement
with Major Jones, but now solemnly de
clared his only and sole purpose was to
betray not the robbers themselves, but to
"give away" Major Jones and the officers
of the law, and thus make his own es
cape from the toils. These pro testa tiers
were made with so much apparent can
dor that S im Bass and the other robbers
finally relented and allowed Murphy to
continue with them, but they afterward
kept a strict watch upon him.
Upou the 15th of June the robbers left
their haunts in the friendly jungle and
dense forest of Denton County. Their
course was due south toward Austin, the
intention of their chief being to rob some
bank or train, make a raise, and in Mex
ico take refuge from the Rangers and de
tectives. They reached Rockwall, where
they stayed one night. At Terrell they
reconnoitered and examined the banks,
but concluded the job of robbing them
would not pay. They were pretty well
mounted on fleet horses, and kept the
line of the Central Railway to Ennis
Station. Here Bass aud Murphy took
dinner at & hotel aud their horses had
provender at a livery stable. The chief,
with practiced eyes examined the Bulk
of Ennls, but concluded it wonld be a
bad undertaking, aud So the bandits con
tinued their progress southward. Reach
ing the stirring interior city of Waco,
ou the Brazos, terminus of a branch of
the Tex is Central. The bandits went
into camp in some thick woods in the
Brazos "bottom," or rather swamp, two
miles east of the town. Jackson and
Murphy were sent in to spy out the banks.
Tbe former reported favorably on the
State Savings Bank as an easy and rich
prize. The chief concluded to make the
attempt. Murphy, however, for obvious
holding that the place was too populous,
the banisters to high, and the distauce
to run to their horses too great. Bass,
therefore, abandoned the scheme. The
chief and Murphy returned to town, and
at the "Ranch" saloon took a drink, Bias
changing the last $20 gold pieee he had
remaining of the great $30,000 train
robberry in Nebraska, on the Union
The same night Barnes, one of the rob
bers, went into the edge of Waco and
stole a horse. Continuing the journey
southward, the gmg struck the smalt
town of Benton, Central Texas. Here
Murphy sold Byrnes' old mare, and on
pretense of getting a $5 bill changed,
eluded the robbers long enough to indite
a hasty letter to Sberill Everheart, who
had, by Mnjor Jone, beeu let into Mur
phy's secret. At Georgetown, William
son County, not far from the village that
a lew days later was the scene of their
chief's death-shot, the robbers made a
short soj iuru, but were advised by Mur
phy against attempt to rob the bauk be
cause the safe was too far in rear of the
building. At Georgetown the spy man
aged to write to Mj r Jones to have his
men at R iund R ck ready for the recep
tion of the gang. His chief caught him
in the act of mailing the letter, and de
manded an explanation. The spy, how
ever, got out of it by hard ahd down
right lying. Keeping the road to Austin,
the bandits camped two miles from
Round Rock, on the International and
Great Northern Railway.- After recon
noitering, it was determined to rob the
bank in the town after resting the horses.
Preparations were made for the descent
on the money-bags. Bass was to go in,
and Barnes hand a bill to the cashier to
change. While doing so, tho chief was
to present a six-shooter to his head, and
order him to throw up his hands. Birnes
was then to jump over the counter, enter
the safe aud fill up his bag with money,
while Jackson aud Murphy were to stand
iu the doors and prevent persona from
coming in during the process.
In the meantime, and whilst the State
authorities were kept informed by Mur
phy, the latter pretended his horse was
broken dowq, and had to be rested, hi
object being to stave off the descent on
the bank long enough f r the arrival of
the commander of toe Ringers and his
men. Bass determined to make the de
scent on Saturday, the 19th of June.
After the robbery the chief and his ban
dits were to escape to the forests to the
northward of the town.
On Friday, the day for the projected
robbery, Bass, Jackson and Birnes weut
into the town, hitching their horses in
the suburbs, their purpose being to make
a more thorough examination of tbe
bank, "take notes," and map out the gen
eral surroundings. With their old,
slouched hats and saddlebags on their
arms, they, of course, easily passed
among the villagers for plain, simple
country farmers. Then these pretended
boobies from the rural districts quietly
walked iuto a store of geueral merchan
dise kept by one Koppel. They asked
for plug tobacco. K ppel himself was
sitting outside the store on the sidewalk
eij ying the cool summer breeze, it be
ing about midday. His young clerk,
"Jude," waited on tha farmers, and
showed Bass several brands of the best
tobacco he had. They were just about
agreeing on the price. Deputy Sheriff
Grimes, thinking he had a victim in the
farmer who did the trading, and seeing
the munle of a pi-tol under his coat, not
knowing the desperado, stepped up and
asked him if he had a pistol, with the
purpose of arresting him for the violation
ofaStateiaw. Bass answered "Yes,"
and instantly the three robbers drew
their pistols and began firing on the offi
cer, who staggered out on the sidewalk,
and falling, immediately expired. "Hold
nn. bovsl" was his only and last excla
mation. Major Jues coming up, one of
the robbers leveled his six-snooier ai nis
head and deliberately fired, tbe ball miss
ing its aim but a lew inches. Barnes
was shot through the head and fell dead.
Murphy, the spy, fortunately for himself,
was not with the robbers in the fight.
V COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
Afterthe capture of Bvs, mortally
wounded as was the robber chief, he was
totally deserted by Murphy, the man
who betrayed him. The character of a
traitor is always, and naturally, detested.
We all despise the man who betrajs his
friend for money or revenge. In this
light appears Murphy, however great the
service be has undoubtedly rendered the
public. Sam Bass, the brigand chief, a
young man, misguided but undoubtedly
brave, died ou a lowly cot in a plank
house in the village of Round Rock,
Sunday evening, July 20. Murphy, bis
betrayer, came not near the rude couch
of his dying chief, and without a friend
to wipe off the cold sweat of death, Sam
Bass expired with the singular sentence,
"The world is bobbing around," the last
words the captain of the Texas brigands
uttered on earth.G lobe-Democrat.
The Tzar'a Justice.
Alexander, the Tzar of Russia, is es
teemed by his people as a just man. He
is also credited with a clear brain; a
Yankee would call him "level-headed."
Oue of our ex-ministers to the court of
St. Petersburg The Hon. A. G. Curten
tells in the Chrittian Union an incident
which exhibits the character of the
In Russia, on the Tzar's "name-day,"
what we would call his birth-day, it
is the custom for the people of all re
ligious to assemble in their respective
churches to pray for the monarch.
The Governor of one of the Biltic
provinces, being a Greek, ordered all the
people to meet on the "name-day" in the
Greek churches. This command the
Lutherans of a certain city dis obeyed,
and went to their own church, the doors
of which they found locked by order of
the Governor. Straightway it 'was re
ported to the Tzar that these Lutherans
had refused to pray for him. Their
leading men were commanded to appear
Oq entering the palace at St. Peters
burg, they were ranged in a semi-circle
around the waiting-room. The Tzar en
tered with a quick step, and looking
around with a sharp glance, said,
"Why is it that my people refuse to
pray for me? I need their prayers.
What have I done that I should be de
nied them? I de-are to be the father of
my people. Am I not their father?"
"Your Majesty," said the Lutheran
pastor, "has no people more devoted to
yourself or more grateful for your love
and care than the Lutherans. But the
Governor commanded that we should
pray in the Greek church for Your Majes
ty's welfare. That we could not con
scientiously do. We went to our own
church to pray fr Your Maiestv. and
found that the Governor had locked us
out. Then we went to our homes, and
there prayed ferveutly for Your Majesty's
The Tzar gave a nod which said that
the audience was over. When the Lu
therans arrived home they found the
Greek Governor removed, and a German
ruling in his place. A telegram from
the Tzar had preceded them.
The Little Folks of Naples.
A recent correspondent of the Boston
Advertiser, writing from .Italy, says, "The
most prominent features in Naples are
the children and the donkeys. Children
are everywhere; under the horses' feet,
rolling in the gutters, playing on the
sidewalk, when there is one, bunting
for fleas on each other (which they never
catch), sitting in tho women's laps, and
begging of the passer-by.
"There is not a square yard which is
not swarming with children. As for the
donkeys (poor, patient animals), they do
all the hard work, all that is not done
by the women. These women, by the
way, have a pretty laborious life.
"Often I have seen cne toiling up a
steep hill, with a big bag of meal on her
back, while a man walked behind her
empty-handed. Bat to return to the
donkeys. You see an immense bundle
of white bags, or vegetables, or twigs,
marching along towards you, sweeping
tbe ground on each side.
''When it comes nearer, there are the
ears, and nose, and tail of a donkey visi
ble; all the rest of him is covered up by
his bundles. Sometimes on tbe top of
the load sits a man, or wonrnn, or child,
and the poor beast plods up and dowu
hill uncomplainingly with his pack.
"Imagine a collection of filthy, narrow
streets, swarming with people, every one
happy and talkative and nearly every one
handsome; a different odor on every
block, each worse than the last, and you
Freezing to Death in Summer. In
Meri.len, Mlssissipi, so the local paper
says, about a year ago, a young man
named James Kn x began to be affected
with symptoms as if freezing, and though
the physicians tried every means to
warm him up, they were unable to do so.
The sensation of extreme cold which he
experienced grew worse and worse, until,
even in the hottest weather of summer;
he would wrap himself in heavy blank
ets and sit before blazing fires in a vain
eff.rt to keep himself warm. Tho other
day when returning home from a doctor's
office, he complained of being colder
than ever, lay down in the bottom of the
wagon and died before he reached his
house, apparently freezing to death,
though the thermometer indicated ninety
degrees in the shade.
There was a bit of sharp-shooting the
other evening in a Methodist Church, in
Tennessee. The pastor, who servtd in
the war as & Union soldier, suffered in a
battle the loss of an eye. He was speak
ing in prayer-meeting on the glories of
heaven, and an ex-confederate chimed in,
saying, "Yes, brother, there will be no
one-eyed saints in glory." The pastor
replied, "That's so; for there will be no
rebels there to shoot their eyes out."
There was no response of "Glory halle
lujah" on the part of the ex-confederate.
The clergymen cf Oswego have noti
fied the citizens of that city that tbey
will not accompany their dead to the
grave on Sunday.
Saved By a Dog.
One of the most striking instances
which we have heard, say Messrs. Cham
bers m their "Anecdotes of Dogs," of
sagacity and personal attachment in the
shepherd's dog, occurred about a half
century ago among the Grampian moun
tains. In one of his excursions to his
distant flocks, a shepherd took with him
one of his children. After traversing
the hills for some time, attended by his
dog, the shepherd found himself under
the necessity of ascending a summit
some distance to have a more extensive
view of his range. As the ascent was
too fatiguing for the child, he left him
on a small plain at the bottom, with the
strict injunction not to Btir from it till
his return. Scarcely, however, had he
gained the summit, when the horizon
was suddenly darkened by one of those
impenetrable mists which frequently
descend so rapidly among these moun
tains as, in the space of a few moments,
almost to turn day into night. Tbe
anxious father hastened back to find his
child, but owing to the unusual darkness
and his own trepidation, he unfortunately
missed his way in the descent. After a
fruitless search of many hours among'
tne dangerous morasses and cataracts
with which these mountains abound, he
was at last overtaken by night. Still
wandering on without knowing whither,
he at length came to the verge of the
mist, and by the light of the moon dis
covered that he had reached the bottom
of the valley, and was within a short dis
tance of his cottage. To renew the
search that night was equally fruitless
and dangerous. He was therefore obliged
to return to his cottage, having lost both
his child and his dog, which had attended
him faithfully for years. Next morning,
by daybreak, the shepherd, accompanied
by a band of his neighbors, set out in
search of bi3 child; but after a day spent
in fruitless fatigue, he was at last com
pelled by the approach of night to de
scend from the mountain. Oa returning
to his cottage he found that the dog
which he had lost the day before had been
home, and on receiving a piece of cake,
bad instastly started off again. F.r
several successive days the shepherd re
newed the search for the child, and bt ill
on returning at evening disappointed to
bis cottage, he found that the dog had
beeu home, and ou receiving his usual
allowance of cake had instantly disap
peared. Struck with this singular cir
cumstance, be remained at home one day,
and when the dog as usual departed with
his piece of cake, he resolved to follow
hi ;:i and find out the cause of his strange
procedure. The dog led the way to a
cataract at some distance from the spot
where the shepherd had left his child.
The banks of the cataract almost joined
at the top, yet, separated by an abyss of
an immense depth, presented that appear
ance which so often astonishes and appals
the travellers who frequent the Grampian
mountains, and indicates that these stu
pendous chasms were not the sileDt work
of time but the sudden effect of some
violent convulsion of tbe earth. Down
one of these rugged and almost perpen
dicular descents tbe dog began without
hesitation to make his way, and at last
disappeared into a cave, the mouth of
which was almost upon a level with the
torrent. The shepherd with difficulty
followed, but on entering the cave, what
were his emotions when he beheld his
child eating with much satisfaction the
cake which the deg had just brought him,
while the faithful animal stood by eyeing
bis young charge with the utmost com
placence. From the situation in which'
the child was found, it appears that he
had wandered to the brink of the preci
pice, and then either fallen or scrambled
down till he reached the cave, which the
dread of the torrent had afterward pre
vented him from "quitting. The dog, by
means of bis scent, had traced him to
the spot, and afterwards prevented him
from starving by giving up to him his
own daily allowance. He appeared never
to have quitted the child by night or day,
except when it was necessary to go for
his food, and then he was always seen
running at full speed to and from the
.Nicely Taken In.
A poorly dressed woman appeared be
fore a well-known and highly respected
priest in Vienna, and told him with tears
that her husband, a silversmith, was
greatly given to drink, that he beat her
and the children daily, and neglected all
the duties of a husband and father.
She asked the good man to talk to her
husband, and endeavor to make him see
things in a better light.
The priest promised to see the work
man, and dismissed the woman.
She straightway went to a silversmith's
an 1 ordered him to go the next morning,
at eleven o'clock, to the priest's house,
representing that she was his cook, and
that he wished to buy a snuff-box.
The silversmith appeared next morn
ing punctually at tbe stated time with
about a dozen silver snuff boxes.
Tbe woman, who awaited him in the
hall, took tbe goods from him, and en
tering the priest's room, said:
"Sir, my husband is here."
"Tell him to come in,'0 said the priest;
whoreupon the woman left, the room, and
bade the silversmith enter.''
The good father proceeded to address
him in a long sermon, saying a great deal
about drunkenness, wife-beating, and so
The silversmith was at first astonished.
then indignant, and eventually the mys
tery was solved.
The woman did not wait for the con
clusion of the interview, and the snuff
boxes have not since been heard of.
In the house of a Devonshire laborer
there were lying on an ordinary sized
bed two mothers, two sons, one daughter,
one grandmother, one grandson, brother
ana sister, uncle and nephew, all of whom
(eleven) were comprehended in four
persons, vix. : A mother and her daugh
ter, each with an infant son.
Impose not a burden on others which
thou canst not bear thyself.
Oar Exports of Metal Cartridjres.
The quantity of cartridges and car
tridge metal sent out to the Old World
t-ince the late war between Russia and
Turkey became probable, is quite sur
prising. As many as 400,000,000 cartrid
ges have been ordered under a single con
tract. If the question is asked, "Why
this preference lor metal from the United
States?" the answer may be found in its
superior toughness and ductility, which
permit it to be drawn out like wire or
pressed into any shape required. With
no less accuracy, it may be affirmed that,
the secret lies in the special formula ob
served in the combination of copper with
spelter, tin and other metals, and which
was obtained only after closely and wear
isome experiments. The three manufact
ures engnged in this business are the C-e
Brass Company of Wolcottville, ( nn.;
Brown Brothers of Waterbury, (Joun.,
and Wallace & Sons, each of whom have
made great efforts to excel. That much
of the success gained is due merely to
the manipulations of tbe alloys ia proven
by the fact that notwithstanding foreign
ers take our ores of copper and spelter
nd manipulate them in their own way,
he result in comparison is a failure.
The Russians and Spaniards frankly ad
mit that they never had any real car
tridge metal until they obtained it from
tbe United Srates. F rmerly, in making
cartridges tbe Russians poured their
metal into stone m-ulds, but recently
they conformed to American usage by
resorting to moulds ot iron, with only
moderate sm cess. Ia their efforts to at
chieve perfection, the Russian as well
as the Turkish, German ud French gov
ernments, have sent i fficers to examine
our works, an 1 men toqualify themselves
as artisans, but in all cases they come
short of the object sought, their methods
are so different. The conclusion reached
is that no cartridges are made that will
stand the tests equal to the American.
The Russians now have their owu works,
with a capacity of 1,000,000 cartridges
a day, which use American sheet metal
altogether. The Turks, until now, have
een compelled to get their cartridge
from the United States ready made, but
they, too, are striking for independence,
having recently purchased machinery for
the manufacture of cartridges on an ex
tensive scale. This is now ou its way out
from the United States in charge of
American mechanics, aud will soon be
in operation, though it is remarkable
that, having forgotten one of their boil
ers, some delay must result before the
oue in preparation at Bridgeport can be
forwarded. It was well known that the
Russian Machinery was obtained from
models originally sent out under a con
tract arranged by General Goruff ten
The American manufacturers claim
that while foreign governments may be
come independent as to manufacturi g
cartridges, they can never supply them
selves with metal suited to their require
ments, and must always resort to this
market of supplies.
An English Stronghold Attacked.
During the last two years while British
statesmen have been closely watching
Russia and finding some means to pre
vent that power from making Constanti
nople its capital, an enemy has been ad
vancing into their country and sloly
but insidiously undermining one of its
strongholds. The enemy now feels firm
enough to show itself openly in every
heart in Egland, and so far from any like
lihood of its being dislodged, all the
signs are in favor of its
nent possession of the country
The enemy to which we refsr ia Amer
ican cotton goods, to carry which to
England twenty years ago would be
compared to carrying coals to Newcastle.
It was ia Lancashire that the manufact
ure of cotton goods had its otigin, and
when it was first started in this country,
to get possession, by hook or crook, of
the best English machinery, was tbe ut
most that ur manufacturers hoped to at
tain. Little by little, however, Ameri
can ingenuity was exercised upon cotton
machinery, and the improvements made
in it, notwithstanding the lower price of
labor in E.igland, have combined with
the fact of our having the cotton at home
to enable American manufacturers to
produce sheetings, shirtings, and calicoes.
a hu h are not only better in quality, but
which can be sold in Great Britain at a
price lower than similar goods can be
For two or three years past, American
cotton goods have been much in request
in riiigland, and Wamsuttas and other
Indian names which our manufacturers
delight to bestow on their goods, have
become as famiuary to the mouths of
our English oousins as household words
At first tbe English manufacturers poo
pooed this movement of cotton goods.
lheshrewed lankees were making des
perate mons to lorce tneir goods ou
Great Britain, Tney were selling at
loss. There was nothing to fear. But
the sales of American goods has gone on
steadily increasing, until now an eminent
wholesale British firm in Manchester has
devoted a large part of its premises to
the sale ot American cotton goods, and
advertises that it has made arrangements
with a large New York manufacturing
house to .supply the Minchester firm
with calicoes for home or export trade
This is carrying the war into Africa with
Uses o Adversity. Among the
uses of adversity we find the following
''"You can wear out your cloths. You
are not troubled with visitors. You are
exonorated from making calls. Bores
do not bore you. No oue ever thinks of
presenting you with a testimonial. Flat
terers do not shoot their rubbish into
your years. Imposters know its impos
sible to bleed you. You practise tem
perance. You are saved many a debt,
many a deception, many a headache.
And lastly, if you have a true friend in
the world, you are sure to know it.
The happiness and unhappiness of men
depend no less upon their humors than
their fortunes. "v
Love Among- the Posies.
The orb of daj was shining as bright
as a boot-black.
Every flower had rose from its bod in
In the bed beneath the arbor thera was
jassamine of flowers.
Sweet bees sipped honey and hammed
musical lullabys, while crickets croned
with hilarious mirth, amid BDarklino- dew
drops and condensed incense.
"Sweet one let me taste thy tulips," a
"Begonia don't suit ms sir." was tho
"Oh fair one, wouldst thou haTO ma
peony way for the love of thee?'
"Sir, thou canst not win me, thou hast
"Wouldst thou drive me whore tho
woodbine twinetb, cruel-hearted one?"
"How dares't thou callalilly such names.
"Never, unless thy promise is given
that thou wilt forget me not."
"Peas be still. Lettuce have sweet
"Ob, charming one, thou alone cans't
give heartease to me."
"Never to such a dandylion as thou
ait. There is no weet fern in this. sir.
"Oh. sweet oue, do not violet my feel
ings with such paragraphic lavity."
"Away with thee, I say, or I will call
"Ivy a mind to prostrate myself before
thee, aud bath thy feet with my kisses." .
"Ah me, I fain would have such lark-"
spurring around here."
"On, mormngglory of my life, must I
thus be doomed to wither and fado away
"Yes, coxcomb it is so willed."
'Tiiea, by heavens, the fates lilac
blaze-", cruel one. As the trellis clings
to the rosebush would my heart entwine
itelf about thee. Th m dost cast me
ff. You say I haven't anemone. 'Tis
false, I have millions of scents."
"What sayest thou?"
"Ah! methinks thou relentest. Yes,
sweet one, Ijcaa purchase for thee corn
silk for dresses, such as a princess will
" fhou'rt not as bad as I thought thee.
There's many a cowslip 'twixt buttercup
"Then thy stubbornness doth wilt? '
"Aye, dearest, call in D miny Cucum
ber and let him double us up at
Aad as the beautiful orb of day sank
beneath the crimson horizon of a west
ern sky, two souls witn out a single
thought lay sleeping in a luxurious bed
of roses. Whitehall Timet.
A Most Incorrigible Dance."
An Irish boy, when seven years old.
was placed at a private school iu Dublin.
So dull and unpromising was he that the
master, atter a year a trial, pronounced
him "a most incorrigible dunce." In
this opinion the boy's parents concurred.
Thirty years after, that "incorrigible
dunce" was the subject of another Jr-
nunciamento. For the British peopte pro
nounced him the most brilliant orator in
the House of Commons, the brightest wit
of the clubs, and the best writer of Eng
lish comedies. That boy was Richard
Brinsley Sheridan. I
Tbe incident may be; consoling to pa
rents and teachers having to do with
children whose intellect: develops slowly.
It is also a warning against the exhibi
tion of impatience, or the pronouncing of
hasty judgment, because a child does not
learn so readily as bis fellows.
If Sneridan s teachers and parents had
observed him carefully, they would have
seen that tbe boy, though dull ia study,
was quick-witted enough to hold his own
with his school-mates.
One day the couversation among tho
school-boys turned upon the rank and
wealth of their respected fathers. The
son of a physician boasted that his father
was "a gentleman, professionally attend
ing several of the nobility."
"And so is my father, and he is as
good as your father, any day," replied
'-Ah I but your father is an actor. Dick.
a player on the public stage, therefore
be can t be a gentleman."
You may think so," Sheridan quickly
shouted, but I don't. Your father kill
people, mine only amue$ them."
"Waked Up thb Fort." A month bo-
fore the ootnoardraeut of Fort Fishor
began, the cele orated powder explosion
occurred, which was intended to blow
down the solid earthwork, a milo in ex
tent, with forty feet traverses every fow
yards. Its ridiculous failure is well re
membered. That night after the explo
sion of the powder-ship some of our.
pickets on the beach were captured and
ctrried on board- the Admiral's ship.
Amojg them was a very solemn looking
fellow who sat silently aad sadly chewing
tobacco. As there was intense curiosity
among the officers of the fleet to know
the result of the remarkable experiment,
one of them asked the solemn-looking
"Rb" if be was in the fort when the
powder-ship exploded; to which he re
plied in the affirmative but without ex
hibiting the least interest in the matter;
whereupon the officers gathered around
him and began to ask questions:
"You say you were inside the fort?"
"Yaas; I was thar."
''What was the effect of tbe explo
sion?" "Mighty bad, sir powerful bad."
"Well, what is it? Speak out, damn
"Why, stranger, hit" waked np pretty
nigh every man in the fort!"
One day while Dickens was being
taken by a photographer, the result being
tbe well-known picture in which ho is
shown writing, the artist told him that
he did not hold the pen right, and sug
gested that he should take it more natu
rally in bis fingers. "Just aB though you
were writing one ot your novels, Air.
Dickens," said he. "I
see," said Dick-
ens, "all of 'er twist."
A fox sleeps, but counts bens in his