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OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY. AUGUST 29, 1S7S.
"VJ f . . - - . ..
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OREGON LODGE, No. 3, I. O. O. F.
Meets every Thursday Evening, at.
7 54 O ClOCa, in UUU XUUOWS UIll, V H jrJi
are invited to attend.
By order of X. G.
REBECCA DEGREE LODGE, No. 2,
j. u. u. t ., meets on the Second aud
Fourth Tuesday Evenings of each month,
at lit o'clock, in the Odd Fellows' Hall.
Hiiiubera of the Degree are invited to
FALLS ENCAMPMENT, No. 4,
I. O. O. F., meet at Odd Fellows' Hall on
tha First aud Thiit Tuesday of ach month.
Patriarchs in good standing ar lnvitwd to
MULTNOMAH LODGE, No. 1,
A. t . & A. At., uoltls its regular communi
cations on tha First aud Third Saturdava
in each mouth, at 7 o'clock from the 2uth
of September to the 20th of March; and Z1
IX o'clock from the 20th of March to the '
2uiu ui oejHuinuer. ureinren in good standing are
invitod to attoud. By order of W. M.
WARREN N. DAVIS, M. D.f
l'lij iciuii and Surgeon,
Graduate of the University of Pennsylvania.
Offick ax Cliff House.
Physician anil Druggist.
-"Prescriptions carefully filled at short notice.
DR. JOHN WELCH,
OFFICE IX OREGON CITY OREGON.
Highest cash price paid for County Orders.
E. L. EASTHAM,
OREGON CITY, OREGON.
Special attention given to business in the U. S.
Office in My er's Brick.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
ATTORNEYS "and COUNSELORS AT LAW
OREGON CITY. OREGON.
Will practice in all the Courts of the State.
Special attention given to cases in the United
StaWs Land Office at Orejjon City. 5apr'72-tf
BLANKS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION FOR
bale at thisoflice. Justices of the Peeace can
get anytning in their line.
GEO. A- HARDING,
DrnEEist ai Aitoary,
TEEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A GENERAL
IV. assortment of
Drugs aul Chemicals,
t'mtw aud Itruabe.
saouldfrBrafri a-uny and
Heroaene Oil. Lamp Clilmneya.
Ulau, PuIIt, Painim Oil.
Y urHi.liei and lij. Hit lite.
FORE IMS AND LIQDORS FOR
PATENT MEDICINES, ETC, ETC
ttTL. rhysiclans" Prescriptions carefully com'
pouuded, aud all orders correctly answered.
RV. Open at all hours of the night.
Bju All accouuts must be paid monthly.
Uovl,lS75tf WARD & HARDING.
W. H. HICHFIELD.
Established since -A l ,
: On door North of Pope's Hall,
MAIS MT OKEUOX CITY, l)KEUO..
ao assortment of W atches, Jewelry, and
Hath Tli......-' XI' : . . ..
"eijjui tiocjis, ail or which
are warrant! t- U a - - . i
, 'Repairing done on short notice; andtbuuni
for past patrountle.
lasta aait lor Comity Orders.
JOHN M. BACON,
PICTURE FRAMES. MOULDINGS AND MISCEL
FRAJIEU M int. TO ORDER.
Oiieoox Cixt, Oregon.
JfcTAt be Poet Office, Main Street, west side.
A. C. WALLINC'S
!Pioneer ISooIc ISiiiclcry
Pittock's Building, cor. of Stark and Front Sts.,
BLANK BOOKS RULED AND EOUND TO ANY
desired pattern. Music Bex ks. Magazines,
Newspapers, etc, feonnd in every variety of style
known to the trade. Orders from the country
promptly attended to. novl, 75-tf
OREGON CITY BREWERY.
1IU3II5KL fc 3IA.TI:EIl.
Having purchased the above Brewery, "rEEE"
Wlfihejl tck tnfnpm t. A .1 - .
uo j 1 i) n i li a ft iiiey ur
ww jiiikcu to manuiacture a Sio. 1
OP LAGER BEER,
As good as can be obtained anywha the Stat.
Orders solicited and promptly fill
BY JULIA CLARK.
Oh, gire me a breatlrof the ocean;
One glimpse of the whispering sea;
My heart and mj soul in commotion
Have wakened strange longing in me,
'Tis the voice of mj childish devotion
And speaketh in rapture to me,
And calls me again to tho ocean,
To bathe in the life of the sea.
I long for the spray of the ocean,
The breath of the briny old deep,
"Where ships in their dreamy-like motion,
Seem folding their pinions to sleep.
The mountains are grand in their power,
The prairies are boundless and free,
But nothing, ah nothing, in Nature
Can rival the dark sounding sea.
AVhen evening hath oradled in shadow
The heart of the slumbering deep,
I ramble thro' woodland and meadow.
The home I revisit in sleep,
Tho orchard is sweet in the. gloaming,
Is fragrant with apple in bloom,
Oh fate 1 I'm weary of roaming
While years drift me on to the tomb.
Portland (Jfe.) T-anacript.
Putnam's Adventure with the Wolf.
In the year 1739, he removed from Sa-
leui to Pomfret, an inland fertile town
in Connecticut, forty milea east of Uart
tord. Having here purchased a consider
able track of land, he applied himself suc
cessfully to agriculture.
The hrst years on a farm are not, how-
ever.exeinpt from disasters and disappoint
ments, wnicn can only be remedied bv
.tubborn and patient industry. Our farm
er, sufficiently occupied in building a
nouse and barn, telling woods, making
fences, sowing grain, planting orchards,
and taking care of his stock, had to en
counter, iu turn, the calamities occasion
ed by drought in summer, blast in harvest,
loss 01 cattie iu winter, and the desolation
of his sheepfold by wolve9. In one night
ue bad seventy hue sheep and troats kill
ed, besides many lambs and kids wound
ed. This havock was committed by a
she-wolf, whichwith her annual whelps,
had lor several years mtested the vicinity.
ine young were comcaonlv destroyed by
the vigilance of the hunter, but the old
one was too sagacious to come within
reach of gun-shot. Upon being closely
pursued, she would generally fly to tha
Aesttrn woods, and return next winter
with another litter of whelps.
llus wolf, at length, became such an
intolerable nuisance, that Mr. Putman
entered into a combination with five of
iiis neighbors to hunt alternatly until they
could destroy her. Two, by rotation.
were to be constantly in pursuit. It was
known that, having lost the toes from one
foot by a steel trap, she made one track
shorter than the other. By this vestige
the pursuers recognized, in a light snow,
ihe route of this pernicious animal. Hav
ing followed her to the Connecticut river,
aud found she had turned back in a direct
course toward Pomfret, they immediate
ly returned, and by ten o clock the next
morning the blood-hounds had driven
ner into a den, about three miles distant
from the hou3e ot Mr. Putmu. The
people collected with dogs, guns, straw,
tire, and bulpher, to attack the common
enemy. With this apparatus, several un
successful attempts were made to force
her from the den. The hounds came
back badly wounded, and refused to re
turn. The smoke of blazing straw had
no effect. Nor did the iumes of burnt
brimstone, with which the cavern was
tilled, compell her to quit the retire
ment. Wearied with such fruitless at
tempts, (which had brought the time to
ten o'clock at night,) Air. Putman tried
once more to make his dog enter, but in
vain. He proposed to hi3 negro man to
go down into the cavern aud shoot the
olf; but the negro declined the hazard
ous service. Then it was that the mas
ter, angry at the disappointment, and
declaring that he was ashamed to have a
coward iu his family, resolved himslf to
destroy the ferocious beast, lest she
should eucape through some unknown fis
sure in the rock. His neighbors strong
ly remonstrated against the perilous en
terprise; but he, knowing that wild ani
mals were intimidated by fire, and hav
ing provided several strips of birch bark.
the only combustible material which he
could obtain that would afford light m
una deep and darksome cave, prepared
for his descent. Haviug, accordingly, di
vested himself ot his coat and waistcoat,
and having a long roap fastened around
his leg, by which he might be pulled
back at a concerted signal, he entered
head foremost, with the blazing torch in
The aperture of the den, on the east
side of a very high ledge of rocks, is
about two feet square; from thence it de
scends obliquely about fifteen feet, then
running horizontally about ten more, it
asscends gradually sixteen feet towards
its termination. Ihe sides of this sub
terranean cavity are composed of smooth
and solid rocks which seem to have been
divided from each other by some former
earthquake. The top and bottom are al
so of stone, and the entranca in winter,
being covered with ice, is exceedingly
slippery. It is in no place high enough
for a roan to raise himself upright, nor
in any part more than three feet in
Having groped his passage to the hori
zontal portion of the den, the most terri
fying darkness appeared in front of the
dim circle of light afforded by his torch.
It was as silent as the house of death.
None but monsters of the desert had ever
before explored this solitary mansion of
horror. He, cautiously proceeding on
ward, came to the assceut, which he
slowly mounted on his hands and knees,
until he discovered the glaring eye-balls
of the wolf, who was sitting at the ex
tremity of the cavern. Startled at the
sight of fire, she gnashed her teeth, and
gave a sullen growl. As soon as he had
made the necessary discovery, he kicked
the rope as a signal for pulling him out.
The people at the mouth of the den, who
had listened with painful anxiety, hear
ing the growling of the wolf, and sup
posing their friend to be in the most im
minent daDger, drew him forth with such
celerity, that his bhirt was stripped over
his head, and his 6km severely lacerated.
After he had ajusted his clothes, and
loaded his gun with buck-shot, holding a
torch in one hand and his musket in the
other, he descended the second time.
When he drew nearer than before, the
wolf, assuming a still more fierce and
terrible appearance, howling, rolling her
eyes, snapping her teeth, and dropping her
head between" her legs, was evidently in
the attitude, and on the point of spring
ing upon him. At the criticle instant he
leveled and fired at her head. Stunned
with the shock and suffocated with the
smoke, he was immediately drawn out of
the cave. But having refreshed himself,
and permitted the smoke to. dissipate, he
wnt down the third time. Once more
he came in sight of the wolf, who appear
ing very passive, he applied the torch to
her nose, and perceiving her dead, he
took hold of her ears, then kicking the
roap (still tied round his legs,) the people
above, with no small exultation, dragged
them both out together.
I have offered these facts in greater de
tail, because they contain a display of
character; and because they have been
erroneously related in several European
publications, and very much mutilated in
the History of Connecticut, a work as re
plete with falsehood as destitute of gen
ius, lately printed iu London. Ilumph
rey'i "Life of Gen. Pufwai."
Within the last few years, the interesting
habits of this celebrated bird have been
thoroughly investigated and described by
Dr. Jerdon and others, but with more es
pecial fullness by Mr. Allan Hume.
From their accounts we gather that the
real nest is a deep, soft cup, inclosed in
a leaf or leaves, which the bird sews to
gether to form its receptacle. This is at
various elevations, often high up in the
mongo-tree, but as often low down among
the leaves of the edible egg-plant (Solati
um eaculentum). The nest varies in ap- '
pearance according to the number and
kinds of leaves made use of, and is usu
ally chiefly composed of fine cotton,
with a Few horse-hairs and fine grass-
stems, the use of which is obviously to
enable the cavity to retain its shape per
manently. In some cases, the nest is de
scribed as having been made of wool,
down and horse-hair, aud one mentioned
by Miss Cockburn, as made of the down
of seed-pods and fine grasses. Mr. Hume
has found these nests with three leaves
fastened at equal distances from one
another into the sides of the nest, and
not joined to one another at all. He has
also found them between two leaves, the
one forming a high back and turned up
at the ends to support the bottom of the i
nest, the other hiding the nest in front
and hanging down below it, the tip only
of the first leaf being sewn to the middle
of the second. He has also found them
with four leaves sewn together to form
a canopy and sides, from which the bot
tom of the nest depended, and also be
tween two loprr le.ives whose sides from
the very tips to near the peduncles, were
closely and neatly sewn together.
For their sewing they generally made
use of cobweb, but silk from cocoons,
thread, wool, aud vegetable fioers are also
made available. Dr. Jerdon states that
he has seen a tailor-bird watch a native
tailor until the latter left the veranda
where he was at work, then hastily seize
some pieces of thread that were lying
about, and fly off with them in triumph.
Mr. Layard describes a nest of the tailor
bird made entirely of cocoanut fiber.
With the same material a dozen leaves of
an oleander had been drawn and stitched
together. Scribner'$ MontJdy.
Love-Making in Mexico.
A traveler in Mexico writes as follows;
In their love-making Mexicans are eq l il
ly innocent of any suspicion of the im
propriety of public demonstration. You
see coupies waiKing in tne puonc piaz
with their arms around each other's necks,
totally oblivious of their surroundings.
Except among foreigners, such exhibi
tions excite no comment. Driving along
the Guadaloupe road one afternoon, we
came upon a strapping fellow seated by
the roadside, with a young girl lying be
side him, her head resting on his lap. As
we passed she turned her face up to his,
reached upward, and with a shapely hand
pitted the impassive brute on his lantern
jaw he all the time crazed stolidly at
the passing carriage. "You dog," roared
the exasperated colonel. But the dog
maintained his equanimity all the same. At
another time, while riding out to the iron
baths, on a street car, we encountered a
young couple bedecked in gay holiday
ribbons aud clean clothes, walking down
the broad roadway with their arms lov
ingly clasped about each other's necks.
She was young an i quite handsome, he
wa3 young and carried in his unoccupied
hand a pitcherof pulque, stray drops of
which were sprinkled along the road.
Evidently a couple of lovers returning
from a pilgrimage to the shrine of our
lady of Gmdaloupe, slightly the worse
for their potations. Their arms were
twined about each other's necks for mu
tual support as well as to demonstrate their
affections. They walked pretty steadily,
however, though with that obliviousness
of demeanor which we see in more civil
zed drunkards when they try to play it
on the people, and think they are succeed
ing. We watched our two lovers from
the roof of the car, and saw their steps
grw gradually unsteady until they be
gan to totter and wave. After, drinking
a half dozen glasses of the effaitsceut
water fresh from the bubbling spring, we
took another street car fr the city. We
had forgotten all about our two lovers
until we came upon them again, lying
prone upon the ground by the roadside,
their arms still lovingly intertwined, and
their cheeks together, the pitcher broken
at the fountain, and a tortuous streak of
moist earth showing where the pulque
had meandered away.
The eruption of Vesuvius, in A. D. 79,
when Pompeii and Herculaneum were
overwhelmed, is to be commemorated in
Pompeii next year, on the eighteen hun
COURTESY OF BANCROFT
Napoleon and Wieland.
In the autumn of 1803, some of- the
princes then assembled at the Congre9
of Erfart, came for a few days to visit
the court of Weimar, and, among them
Napoleon. He was accompanied by a
troupe of French players, who borrowed
the theatre, and, on the 6th of October,
exhibited in it Voltaire's Death of CiB-mr.
Wieland went to see this tragedy, in
which Talma was to perform, and sat
as usual in a private side box of the
second tier, reserved for the ducal fam
ily, to which he had been attached as
preceptor. Napoleon observed him
there, and inquired who was the venera
ble old man with the black velvet ca
lotte. This was the usual costume of
Wieland, who, not liking to wear a wig,
and being exposed by the baldness of his
crown to colds of the head, had adopted
a circular cap resembling that of the
Catholic priests. After having been in
formed by the Prince Primate that this
was Wieland, Napoleon signified a wish
to see him after the play; aud Wieland
accordingly was ushered . to the ball
room, which was to be the next place of
rendezvous. In one of Wieland's letters
the following account is given of the
"I had not been many minutes there
before Napoleon came across the room
toward me; the, duchess then presented
me to him regularly, and he addressed
meafftbly, with some word of comuli
ment, looking me steadily in the eye.
Few mortals have appeared to me so
rapidly to see through a man at a glance;
he instantly perceived that, notwith
standing my own celebrity, I was & plain,
unassuming old mm; and, as he seemed
desirous of making forever a good im
pression upon me, he at once assumed
the form best adapted to attain his end.
I never saw a man in appearance calmer,
plainer, milder, or more unassuming. No
trace about him of the consciousness that
he was a great monarch. He talked to
me like an old acquaintance with his
equal; and, what was very rare with him,
chatted with me exclusively an entire
hour aud a half to the great surprise ot
all present. At length, about midnight,
I began to feel an inconvenience trom
standing so long, and took the liberty of
requesting his mnjesty's permission to
withdraw. 'Allez done, said he, in a
very friendly tone, 'bon sot'r.' "
"The more remarkable traits of our in
terview were these: The previous play
having drawn our conversation upon
Julius Ca?-iar, Napoleon observed 'that he
was one of the greatest characters in
universal history; andw iudeed,' he ad
ded, 'would have been without excep
tion, the greatest, but for one blunder.1
I was about to inquire to what anecdote
be alluded, when be seemed to read the
question in my . eye aud continued:
'Caesar knew the men who wanted to get
rid of him, and he ought to have been
rid of them first.' If Nipoleon could
read all that passed in my iDner mind he
would have perceived me saying: Such
a blunder would never be laid to your
"From Cffisar our conversation turned
to the finnans; he pmL-eJ warmly their
military and political system. The
Greeks, on the contrary, seemed to stand
low in his opinion. 'The eternal scuffl
between their little republics was uoi
formed," he said, 'to evolve anything
ureat. But the Rmans were always
intent upon grand purposes, and thu
created the mighty c dossus whichie
strode the world.' I pleaded for the art
and literature of the Greeks; he treated
both with contempt, and said they only
served to dispute about. He preferred
Ossian to II mer. In poetry he pre
ferred to value only the sublime and en
ergetic and pathetic writers, especially
the tragic poets; but of Atioste he spke
iu some such terms as Cardinal Hippo
lito, of E-.U, did ; not aware, however, 1
think, that iu t lis he was giving me a
box on the ear. For anything humorous
he seemed to have no liking; aud, not
withstanding the flattering friendship of
his apparent manner, he repeatedly
struck me as if cast from bronze.
"At length, however, he had put me so
much at my ease that 1 asked him how
it came about thitt the pub ic worship,
whicn he had reformed in t rauce, hu
not been rendered more philosophic and
more on a par with the spirit of the times.
'My dear Wieland (he replied), worship
is not made for philosophers; they neither
believe in me nor mv priesthood. As
for those who do believe, you can give
them, or leave them, wonders enough.
If I had to make a religion for philoso
phers, it would be just the reverse. In
this tone the conversation went on for
some time, and Bonaparte professed so
much skepticism as to question whether
Jesus Christ ever existed. This (adds
Wieland) is very quotidian skepticism;
and in his free-thinking I saw nothing to
admire but tho openness with . which, he
Bonaparte sent shortly afterward to
Wieland a brevet of admission into his
legion of honor.
Imitation Ebont. Ebonized wood is
much ia demtnd now-a-days for painted
panels and other decorative purposes.
In some respects it is preferable to the
genuine ebony. Apple, pear and walnut
wod, especially if hne grained, may be
"ebonized" by the following process:
Boil in a glased vessel, with water, four
ounces of gall-nuts, one ounce of log
wood chip, half an ounce of vitriol, and
half an ounce of crystalized verdigris;
filter while warm, and brush the wood
with the hot solution a number of times.
The wood, thus stained black, is then to
be coated two or three times (being al
lowed to dry completely after each c at
ing) with a solution of iron fillings in a
quart of good wine vinegar. This is to
be prepared hot and allowed to cool be
- Along with humility we should culti
vate cheerfulness. Humility has no con
nection with pensive melancholly or
timorous dejection. While the truly bom-bl-i
guard against the distraction of all
violent- passions and inordinate cares,
they cherish a cheerful disposition of
Praise Your Wife.
Praise your wife, man, for pity's sake
praise her wheu she deserves it. It won't
injure her any, though it may frighten
hr a little from its tdrangeuess. If you
wish to make aud keep her happy, give
her a loving word of encouragement occa
sionally. If she takes ptius to rnxke
you something pretty, don't take it with
"Yes.it is very pretty won't you hand
me my paper?''
It wilt cost you only a moment's time
to kiss her und tell her the is the best
wife in town. You will find it to be a
payiug investment, one which will yield
you a large return in increased care and
willing labor for your comfort. Loviug
praise will lighten labor wonderfully, and
it should be freely bestowed. A case in
I called on a friend one day and found
her "up to her eyes in work." "O, dear,"
she said, "this i one of my days; every
thing goes wrong, and I haven't got any
thing done I"
"Let me help you," I said.
"No, no," she replied, gently pushing
me into the sitting room, 'Tm going to
leave everything and rest a while; but I
must just wipe up this slop first," point
ing to an ugly spot which disfigured her
Just as she stooped to do it, her hus
band came iu; he didn't see me, but went
straight to his wife. One quick lift and
he placed her ou her ieet, aud takiug the
cloth from her hand, wiped up the spot
"There, busy-bee," he said, "you've
done enough to-day; you tired yourself
all out getting my favorite dinner, now I
think I d leave the rest till to-morrow."
I spoke to him then, and he sat with
me a few minutes before going down
town." Shortly after my friend came in
looking very much amused.
"I guess I was in the dumps," she said,
laughing, for I've finished; and every
thing has gone swimmingly since E. came
Many of our invalids are such invalids
for the want of paying the most ordiuary
attention to the requirements of the skin.
Tn at membrane is too often regarded a
a covering only, instead of a complicated
piece oi machinery, scarcely second in
its texture aud sensitiveness to the ear
aud eye. Many treat it with as little ref
erence t its proper functions as if it were
nothing better than a bag for their bones.
It is this iucousideration for the&kiu thai
is the cause of a very large proportion of
(he diseases in the world. If, as is
claimed by some scientists, four-fifths, iu
oulk, of all we can eat and driuk, must
either pass off through the skin or be
turned back upon the system as apoisou,
aud that life depends as much Upon these
exhalations through the skin as upon lu-
ualing pure, air through the lungs, it
must be of the most vital importance to
Keep that chaunel free.
Most people breathe properly often
more by accident or instinct tiiau by de
sign; but, on the other hand, hundreds
of thousands do not breathe properly,
while many thousands at this present
momeut are suffering from more or less
severe affections of the lungs or throat,
owing to a faulty mode of respiratiou
in other words, because they breathe
through the mouth iustead of through the
nostrils. The mouth has its own func
tions to perform in connection with eat
ing, drinking, and speakiog, and the
nostrils have theirs, namely, smelling
and breathing. Iu summer lime the
error of respiriug through the mouth is
not so evideut as at the colder season,
when it is undoubtedly fraught with
danger to the person who commits this
Cracked Wiieat. Tms excellent dish
is often spoiled by very good cooks who
think tbey must stir it all the time to
keep it trout burning, 'loo much stir
ring makes it like paste; puitiig in
more water when nearly done has the
same effect. Oue-third of wheat, by
measure, to two-thirds of water, soft, it
you have it, will make it about right.
The water should be cold when the wheat
is put in; it should cook slowly aud be
covered closely. Iu this way scarcely
auy stirring will be louud necessary.
There is a deliciousnes in this dish when
cooked as above, which is never found it
stirred while cooking. The same may
be said about oatmeal, only the latter
should be quickly stirred into boiling
water; cover closely aud let cook I -r
about twenty minutes. Wheat may be
cooked about the same time, although it
bears cooking longer.
Flaky Pie Crust. As some or our
friends say that our pic crust cannot be
excelled, 1 will tell you how I make it.
It is to be supposed that every housewife
knows how much or how little butter or
lard she wishes in her crust. Cut the
lard or butter into small bits, about the
size of a thimble, aud stir, not rub, with
a little salt into the flour; mix with
cool water as quickly as possible aud roll
out. Cream, sweet or sour, makes a nice
mixing for pie-crust, but does not make
it flaky like the above.
To Curry Egos. Wash and slice
thinly an onion: fry to a nice brown in
two tablespoonfuls of butter; add a table-
spoonful of curry powder; one piut of
good broth, and a little salt; let cook
until the onions are tender; thicken one-
fourth, pint of cream with a little corn
starch, and stir into the other ingredients;
let simmer a lew minutes; then add
twelve hard-boiled eggs cut into halves;
warm tnrougn and arrange the eggs upon
a platter with the gravy poured over
Graham: Bread. Six quarts of un
bolted meal wheat, one tea-cup of yeast,
the same of molasses; mix them with a
pint or lukewarm water and a level tea
spoonful of saleratus; make a hole in the
flour and 6tir this mixture in the middle
of the meal until it is like batter: then
proceed as with fine flour; make your
oven hotter than tor common bread ; bake
about an hour and a-half.
Unenviable is the state ot the wicked,
however prosperous they may appear.
The Famine iu China.
Tne famiue seems now to be at its
worst. .Toe impoverished country consists
cf the greater part of the Province of
Siiansi, parts of outh-western Cmli, West
ern Suautung, and the northern districts
of llouan, comprising an area variously
estimated at from 70 000 to 100,000
square miles. Tbe greatest distress is in
Hie southern halt ot Shausi, including
the provincial capital, Tai Yuen, the
population of which, unless rain cme3
at once, bids fair to become absolutely
t-xtiuct. In its horrible details, as Riven
by all witnesses, foreign and native,
official and mi-siouary, it is the direst cal-
Hiuity that this r auv couutry has been
viited with. Toe sturdy Cuine.ie peas-
mts do not calmly fold their hinds and
lie, like our poor fellow subjects the
Ma irassees, last year; they eat the dead,
ami when there are none to take they
kill the living for the same purpose,
fnis is no Oriental exaggeration, but the
actual state of things in a district not 700
miles from Shanghai. In the Peitin Ga
zette of the 15. h of Much theie appears
a memorial from Li Ilo-men, Governor
of Honau, and Yuu, Social High Com
missioner for Fa-uiue IijUef, appealng
tor State assistance to the distressed prov
ince. From it may be gathered the
straits to which the fm ue-stricken
country is reduced. I therefore append
a translation ot it, aud I must remiud
my countrymen as they retd it that it i
no sensational picture to .move the tears of
emotional subscribers, but a calm de
scription of the state of the proviuce by
the responsible rulers in the language of
a Blue-book :
"The drought with which the province
has been visited for several years in suc
sion has resulted in a famine of an inten
sity and extent hitherto unheard of. As
autumn advances into winter the number
of those in need of relief increased daily,
uutil at last they could be counted by
millions. The lower classes were the
first to be affected, and they soon disap
peared or dispersed in search of subsist
euco elsewhere. Now the famine has at
tacked the well-to-do and the wealthy,
who find themselves reduced to great
misery as each day goes by, and they, iu
their turn, are dying off or following
those who have migrated elsewhere. In
the earlier period of distress the living
fed npon the bodies of the dead; next,
the strong devoured the weak; and low
the ceneral destitution has arrived at
such a climax that men devour those of
their own flesh and blood. History con
tains no record of i-o terrible aud distress
ing a state of things, and if prompt
measures of relief be not instituted the
whole region must become depopulated.
Local sources of supply are eutirely ex
hausted; the granaries are empty, aud the
treasury drained dry; while the few
wealthy people in the provinces have
helped with contributions and loans till
tney themselves are impoverished."
In the Prefecture in which the capital
of Shausi is i-ituated the population has
J'miuished from over 1,000 000 to 160,
000. and the Cuiuese newspapers here
give the number of people who have
died of stavation, or met with the awful
fatejutt recorded, as over 5,000,000
ShangJtai Cor. London. Times.
How Great People Come to Paris.
We poor, plain untitled people aie apt
to be disippointed iu this very thing
we so anxiously desire, for the great peo
ple come in such plain attire, a id so eu
tirely uuheralded that one walks beside
lords and ladies, princes and dukes, arch
dukes and duchesses, without auy thrill
of consciousness, any sense to the near
ness to "His grace," aud knows of it on
ly as one finds an account in the papers'
of the visits of the different dignitaries
to the exhibition. If by auy means
people come into the building in groups
they soon scatter, as they immediately
have a crowd followi ig them. Wheu the
Eigd;h royal family were here they iu
vaiiably scatteied, and once in a while
came together inside aisles for consulta
tion, as they ne.er could walk together
without being crowded upon. The Aus
traian archdukes, brothers of the emper
or, came to Paris one at a time, and
made no effort to attract attention, and
just now, the archduke Charles having
departed. Archduke llaguier takes his
place. The fiibt came to our depart
ment a few days since, to be escorted
about as one of our gentlemeu, and
shown what we had to offu-r, as an exhibit
of our industries, and expressed much
satisfaction. So the whole train of royal
ty will come aud go, and the mass of visi
tors will nt be a whit wiser for it. There
is a report that Q leen Victoria will come
to Paris iu June; but very likely it is like
a good deal else we fiud in the uewspa
pers a canard. Bonton Traveller.
The Tootii ache. A gentleman says:
"After suffering excruciating paia from
toothache, "and having tried iu vain to
obtain relief, Betty told me a gentleman
had been waitiug'some time in the par
lor who said he would not detain me one
minute. He came a friend I had not
seen for years. He sympathized with
me, while I briefly told him how sadly I
was afflicted. "My dear friend," ex
claimed he, "I can cure you in ten min
utes." "How? how?" I inquired; "do it
in pity." "lustantly," said he, "Betty,
have you any alum?" "Yes." "Bring it,
aud some common salt." They . were
produced; my friend pulverized them,
mixed in equal quantities; then wet a
piece of cotton, causing the mixed pow
ders to adhere, and placed it iu my hol
low tooth. "There," said he, "if that
does not cure you I will forfeit my
head. You may tell this in Gath aud
publish it in Askelon ; the remedy is infal
liable." It was so. I experience 1 a sen
sation of coldness on applying it which
gradually subsided, and with it the tor
ment of the toothache. Cincinnati Qa
zetU. Tub Allan steamship Polynesian, on
her recent tiip from Quebec to Liverpool,
while passing through the Straits of Bel- 1
lesisle,just grazed an iceberg, the steam- ,
er receiving very slight injuries, though
ber decks were strewn with fragments of
Some Russian Protestant Sects.
In 1863 anew set arose, who felt called
by ('hi ist to teach, to suffer, and to build
a church. In the midst of winter they
broke the thick ice in tbe Volga, baptized
each other in the chilling flood, changed
their names and then held a solemn feast.
From that day they have called them
selves "Little Christians." They have no
priests, and but a slight form of prayer. "
They reject images, waters and sacred
o:l. Tub government became' alarmed
aud commenced an active persecution,
under wbicti, of course, the sect is rapid
ly increasing. Soon after another body
sprang up rejecting the established
chuicu.and forming their own rules of
life, which seem to be of a high order.
Tney call themselves "Helpers;" and the
government spies sent to watch them
confessed that they never drank, swore,
lied, or got into debt. Butthey preferred
family worship to that of the parish
priest, and they would not go to confes
sion. Consequently they suffered perse
cution; which, however, was short, as
ti ey are now left unmolested. Still later
a sect has appeared in the province of
Niaika, where more than twenty different
heresies exist. The distinctive article of
t.ieir creed gave them the unenviable
name of "Non-Payers of Rent." Of
course it was impossible that they could
ie kept hidden. When rents became
due, they refused to pay. The leaders
weie arrested, and yet remain iu custody;
but the govemmeutis perplexed to know
how to manage an increasing body of
men, who make it the first principle of
life not to pay their rent-charges.
Another new body are the "ChUlenni
ki," or Counters. The founder is still
living and is the high priest. He was
met one night in the woods by a venera
ble man, woo offered him a book to read.
Opening it, Taras Maxim found the mes
sage of salvation written in the Slavonic
tongue. It commanded the people of God
to count themselves and beset apart from
the world. It called the National Church
the Devil's Church; it declared Thursday
to be the true Sabbath; it spoke con
temptuously of ' saints and angels, and
abolished the seven sacraments and the
priesthood. Maxim returned to Semenof
aud preached tbe new doctrine. He
speedily made converts, who counted
themselves off and formed the "Secret
Semenof Church." They showed the bit
terest contempt for the Council and the
State. While the Orthodox pass by to
church on Sunday morning, they shut
themselves in their houses and manifest
their despite in true Oriental style. Their
chief tenet is that man must sin in order
to be saved from sin. This doctrine, of
course, leads to wild excesses, and the
sect is looked upon, perhaps justly, as
But the strangest of all the heresies is
held by the "Napoleonists." Their spir
itual strength, also, is spent in hating the
church aud the government. And as
Napoleon was the chief enemy of Russia
iu recent times, they look upon him as
the true Messiah and wot shin him as God.
Placing bis bust on an altar, they fall
before it in prayer. The worship has to
be maintained privately, but they are
said to be numerous even in Moscow.
They believe that Napoleon is still alive;
that he fled from St. Helena to Central
Asia; that he is now dwelling in Irkutsk,
near Lake Baikal, on the frontierss of
Chiuese Tartary ; and that he will come
forth at the appointed time, leading a
great army of the overthrew of Russia
and to the uplifting of his church to
glory and power. Busts of Napoleon,
indeed, are common in Russian houses,
among all- sects and ranks. r.ven tbe
royal family show great partiality to the
likeness of their giant foe. bunday Af
Age. Old! Well, it does take one's
breath away I Must we all grow old! It
seems so. Time will not stand still, aad
wriukles and gray hairs mark his way.
xes, physically we must grow old; but
mentally aud emotionally need we be
come so? I doubt it. A great deal of
splendid work is done by people who
have arrived at the age when the lacul
ties are supposed to fail, and I think we
all feel that we may hope to work all oar
If we take good care of ourselves we
may be worth as much until tbe end as
we ever have beeu; and with this com
forting thought comes another: the
sweetness, the tenderness of youth need
not depart with its beauty. We are not
compelled to grow hard and cold, to take
stern views of life, aud refuse to believe
iu anything beautiful, because this is the
role set down for middle-aged and elderly
Tuose who keep their sweetness, who
hold fast the tenderness of their souls,
and have ardent friendships, are young
still, whatever the years that have passed
over their heads. M. K. D., in N. T.
Effect of Gas Light Upon the Eyes.
In a report recently laid before the
German Minister for Education by the
Scientific Committee for Medical affairs
the conclusions arrived at are that gas
light ha3 no prejudicial effect upon the
eyes, provided they are protected from
its direct action. For this purpose the
committee recommend shades and bell
glasses of translucent glass porcelain.
They disapprove of opaque metallic
shades, since when these are used the
eyes, though themselves in shade, gaze
upon a strongly illumined surface, and
become dazzled and over-stimulated. On
account of the large -quantity of heat
evolved by gas, the burner should not b
too near the head of the person ; the heat
ia liable to cause headache and even con.
gestion of the brain. Care should aUa
be taken to Drevent the flame from lick
ering. Tbe use of a dark-blue glass is
also suggested in cases of irritation.
With these precautions the committee
believe that gas light may be used with
King Alfonso will build a million-dol
lar church near the Royal Palace, con
taining a splendid mausoleum iu memory
of the late Queen. The room in which
she died is to be left untouched; in that
same room he was born.
: j v: