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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 8, 1876)
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DEVOTED TO NEWS, LITERATURE, AMD THE BEST INTERESTS OF ORECON.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, SEPT. 8, 1876.
d 1 ) if nil ut it if! if W'
A .LOCAL NEWSPAPER
firmer, Business Man, .& Family Circle.
ISSUED EVERY FRIDAY.
FRANK S. DEMENT,
normroB. &hd publishes.
OFFICIAL PAPEB FOE CLACKAMAS CO.
nvviCK In Enterprisk Building:. nn
.Houh of Masonic Building. Mam St.
Term of Hubacrfptlon :
fllneU Copy One Year. In Advance 2.50
Six Months " ' I-50
Terms of Advertising!
TramUnt advertisements, including
11 leg"' notice. ? square of twelve
line one week
For each subsequent Insertion.- 1.00
On. Column, one year 1M
Ha,L .. - "".'.".." 40.00
Card, 1 squarejoneyear 12.00
OHKdON I,OIHSI3 NO. 3, I. I. . l.
Meets every Thursday vg
Odd Fellows' Hall, Main
street. Members or tlie or
der aro invited to attend
rhiiucca dhguhi i.oixi no.
2, 1. O. O. F., Meets on tho jrfefJivj
hecond and Fourth Tues- fMfmr
day evenings each month
tVi clock, in the Odd
Fellows' Hall. Memlcrsof the Decree
are invited to attend. -
MUITXOMAII I.OlXJi: Xo. I.A.F.
A A. M., Holds its regular coin- A
munieations on the First and 4'MV
Third Saturdays in each month, ?
at 7 o'clock from the'Juth of Sep.
toniber tothe2th of Mareh; and 7'-:
'clock from the iDth of March to the
20th of September. lirethren in good
standing aro invited to attend.
liy ordir of W. M.
falls i;ncamimi:xt XO. I.I.O.
O. F Meets at Odd Fellows' Q r
Hall on the First and Third Tiies- 0T
1T of each month. Patriarchs v
In Rood standing an? invited to attend.
n us i
.Y li 8 S V A R D S.
.r. W. NORKIS,
PHYSICIAN' AM) SfltGEOX,
0!Tle Up-Stnirs in
OKKftON C ITY, OUKOX.
ni;liH rah IrIco Paid f.r County
HUELAT & EASTHAP1,
onTL.ND-U Opitz's new trick. "0
KOO.V CITY Oharman's hrick, n;
Nsorj a mccowm
' AXU COUNSELORS AT-L.WV.
i City, Oregon.
.ctiee in nil the Courts of the
al attention given to cases in
nd OlHc- at Oregon City.
L. T. BARIN
ATTORN ZY-AT-L AW,
OREGON CITY, : : OREGON.
Will practice in nil th Courts of the
.State. Nov. 1. 1S7", tf
JOHN M. KACON,
IMPORTER AND DKAT.ER
In Hooks, Stationery. Perfum
ery, etc., etc.
Oregon City, Oregon.
V.At tho Post Offlce. Main street, cast
Yf. II. 1IIGHFIELD.
Established since '49.
One door north of Pope's Hall.
' Haiti Street, Oregon City, Ore;"?..
An assort ment of Watches. .Tewel-
rv.aml S..th Thomas' Weight Clocks
. n i w men nro warranted to be ns
"Repairinic done on short notice, and
ft ankful for past patronage.
CaA paid f.r County Order
J. H. SHEF ARD,
lootaiitl Slioo Store,
One door north of Ackerman Bros.
Boots and shoes made, and repaired as
cheap as the cheapest.
Nov. 1. 1875 .if
PHTfllCIAX AXD DRUGGIST
MILLER, MARSHALL &C0.,
1AY THE HIGHEST PRICE FOR
X WIIK AT, at all times, at the
Oregon City Mills,
And have on hand
FEED ancl FLOUE
to sell, at market rates. Parties desiring
reed, must furnish sacks. nov!2tf
LaRocquc, Sayier & Co.
Keep constantly on hand for sale Flour.
Middlings, Bran and Chicken Feed. Parties
pu rchaalsg feed must furnish, the sack-
I wear a picture in my heart,
Framed in the flush of autumn weather
That glad, sweet time, when you and I
First drank the dews of love together.
O happy days of youth and hope !
Our hearts were full of life's best leaven :
You loved me well, and I was true
As stars are to their native Heaven.
And yet and yet there came a doubt.
That fell between us black and dreary :
Our lives went drifting wide apart
To-day we roam estranged and weary.
But when the twilight's tender mists
The flushed and tired days are wreathing ;
And summer roses, damp with dew.
Are all their sweet incense breathing.
Oh ! then I listen for your step.
And wait and pray for your dear coming.
And almost hear your tender voice
Call softly to me through tho gloaming.
Alas! alas I I do but dream ;
Between our hearts wide seas are rolling;
O'er faith that languished, hope that died,
The "memory bells" are sadly tolling.
And so I bear within my heart
A tender dream, a picture onlv,
That still shall be a beacon light
Through all my life so reft and lonely.
And some time in the coming years.
Amid t he glow of autumn weather.
Your heart w ilt cling to thoso glad days
When love first bound our lives together.
This long, long night of doubt and pain
Will fade before the rays of morning,
And I will wait in trustful hope,
Till Heaven sends that fairer dawning.
A Game of Draw.
An Iiitercsli.'ii Incident of Idfc on the
Mississippi During-the M ar.
From the X. Y. Sun.
They were sitting around the tal)le
iu n Fifteenth Ward faro bank that is
temporarily closed through some
misunderstanding willi the public,
and having tired of short-cards they
fell to telling stories. Yon may
have heard thi.s one," said a .squar.
jawed, hrm-faccd, gray-whiskered
man, " for it was printed briefly at
the time ; but I was there."
" In the latter part of '01 I made a
trip down the river. There came on
board at Cairo a young paymaster
who was on his way to pay a brigade
of troops somewhere in the neighbor
hood of Vicksbnrg. It was very
quiet on the boat, and on tho first
night below Cairo the paymaster
seht a good deal of his time after
supper walking up and down, the
saloon. There was also a trim,
square shouldered man who seemed
to be suffering from the same tedious
ness; and when they had met a few
times the stranger smiled a little at
the paymaster, and said :
" D dull," said the paymaster.
' Suppose v.e have a little gnme of
draw?" said the stranger.
Good idea," said the paymaster ;
and they sat down and went at it.
Uoth of them were playing merely
to pass time, at least the paymaster
was, and the other man seemed to be.
They had it one way and the other
for an hour or two. playing about .j
for a bp bet, and neither of them
winning or losu.g much, but still
getting more and more interested.
Finally each seemed to get a big
hand, aud they began betting iu the
most natural sort of way. The hie
had been smouldering, you see, and
broke out apparently without their
Neither of them seemed disposed
to lay down, and they kept on raising
and raising till they were making
bets 'A $:'!.) and f0(, and they
got the pot up to 7,000. Tf.un the
stranger rested his eye on the pay
master a moment, and made an esti
mate of the amount of his pluck and
the probable size of his pile, and the
result of his observations seemed to
be a belief that he could bluff him or
freeze him out, for he threw, down
lits hand on the table, and leaned
over and pulled a bowie-knife out of
his boot, and jlrove th point of it
down through the cards into the
table. Then he took a big wallet out
of his breast pocket and counted out
twenry-ono 8500 notes. He saw the
paymaster's last bet of 8500, and then
hauled a revolver off his hip. pushed
the twenty other bills into the pot
4 I raise you 810,000 !
The paymaster looked at the gam
bler about two seconds. Then he
beckoned to his colored boy, a bright
young lellow who had ueen taking
the thing in from the start, and who
would have given his master tho
wink if he had ever happened to
look in hisdirection, which he hadn't.
But he brightened up when he heard
the word, and walked right straight
off for the paymaster's stateroom.
He disappeared a moment, and then
showed up again, backing through
the door, dragging a trunk after him,
and he carne down the saloon rolling
that trunk along on its end, tist as
handy as though he had smashed
baggage on a through line all his
life. The paymaster took out a key
out of his vest pocket, threw up the
lid of the trunk, and took of a sheet
of sole leather that seemed to serve
as a sort of binder for the bundles of
bills underneath. He took the two
big packages out of the end and laid
them upon one side of the table.
Then he began taking out the other
bundles and stacking them upon the
table in front of him. He kept taking
out and stacking up till ne had built
a big triangular shaped pile like two
pans of stairs meeting at the top and
failed iu solid underneath
Then he threw his hand on the
table and pulled a bowie-knife out of
his boot and spiked it down through
the cards and while the handle was
shiTenng he handed the two bundles
into the middle of the table and said-
t v.v-w-uere ne braced
himself back against the tabl and
began shoving it up to the pile con
tinuing to talk all the time 'and I
raise you $175,000 !' and then (he did
it so quick I couldn't Bee when it was
done) he had a pistol off of each hip
aud was resting an elbow about half
way up each side of the greenback
stairs, both shooters covering the
gambler, and holding them very
straight and steady, too.
Now the gambler was an older man
and of much more experience than
the paymaster, and, under any sort
of ordinary circumstances, he could
have handled him ten to one, and he
knew it, and had no thought oi lay
down, even then, and ha seemed to
revolve the thing iu his mind for
about a quarter of a minute, aud
when he had settled what to do he
Jooked up. ready to act, but one
glance at the paymaster made him
change his mind ; for he could see,
shining through tiie young man's
face, all the accumulated unused grit
of years, and a man with half an eye
could have seen that he meant busi
ness. The gambler realized that fact.
He pulled his knife out of the table,
stuck his pistol into his pocket, and
walked off down the saloon whistling
4Hosa Lee' just as soft and pleasant
as though he was going for a cigar
after dinner. Then the paymaster
booted his knife and slung his shoot
ers and packed his trunk, putting in
along with the rest the thirteen
thousand and odd of the gambler's
money; and he didn't take any more
'draw' that trip.
And I am told.that he was so much
impressed by the revelation to him
self of his own backbone and nerve
that ho made up his mind there was
something better for him to do than
wasting his time in gambling, and ho
hasn't handled a card since.' "
Cheap and Convenient (latcs.
A writer in the Rural Home says :
" I have mado gates to replace some
old-fashioned bars that I am heartily
tired of continually opening and
shutting. They are durable, and
very easily made. Each gate is
twelve feet in length by four in
height. Five boards, four inches
wide, are used, besides battens and
braces. Battens should be placed on
both sides, making three thicknesses
to nail through. It does not take
more than thirty-three feet of boards,
worth, perhaps, sixty cents, to make
each gate. Add to that, ten cents for
nails, and tho value of one hour of
your time, and you have the whole
expense. A gate of this kind will
outlast a framed one costing four
dollars ; and, as no hinges are used,
tha expense is saved also. It is
held in position by means of a stake
driven in the ground, four or live
inches fz-onv fhe post; not iu -a
straight line, but a little more than
the thickness of the gate toward the
driveway, so that when opened the
gate can be turned half way around,
and be parallel with' the driveway.
It is kept a few inches from the
ground by a strip nailed to both gate
and post, on which one end rests
when shut, and on which it slides
half its length, and then swings
around as on a pivot when opened.
Tho strip is usually placed under the
second board, iu a space arranged for
it, cutting away two of its hinges.
A gate of this : ind can be made in
much less time and at as little ex
pense as a pair cf bars, and is cer
tainly much more convenient."
A Kkf.x 2N( (rNTi.i of Wits.
Chesterfield and Voltaire, born iu the
same year (10 J), were warm and
life-long friends, Whatever may
have been the erratic Frenchman's
vageries and miffs, for he never had a
friend whom he did not at some time
abuse, Lord Chesterfield was too much
of a gentleman too take offence or
On a certain occasion the two
friends were in company at a grand
ball in Paris, given by the King's
favorite. Chesterfield stood by a
marble pillar gazing upon tho bril
liant assemblage of of ladies, when
Voltaire accosted him:
"Jly lord yoii should be a judge iu
such matters. Now, seriously, do
you not think our French la lies the
most beautiful you ever saw ?"
"Upon my word," replied Ches
terfield, with anod and a smile "lam
not a judge of paintings."
Not long afterwards Voltaire cross
ed over to England and was present
one evening at a party given by an
English nobleman in London. A
lady in the company, sparkling in
jewels, and highly roughed, was par
ticularly attentive to the . noted
Frenchman , engrossing most of his
discourse. Chesterfield, observing,
came up and tapped his friend on
"Beware, Monsieur, or you will
"No fear, ray Lord," quickly re
turned Voltaire. " I am not to be
captivated by an English craft sail
ing uuder French colors !"
An EsglishGirl and Gen. Wash
ington. One day after dinner the
Congress was the toast ; Gen. Wash
ington viewed me very attentively
and sarcastically said : " Miss Mon
crieffe, you don't drink your wine."
Embarrassed by this reproof, IV new
not how to act ; at last, as if by a
secret impnlse, I addressed myself
to the American commander, and
taking the wine I said: " Gen. Howe
is the toast." Vexed at my temerity
the whole company, especially Gen.
Washington censured me ; when my
good friend Gen. Futman, as usual,
apologized, and assured them, I did
not mean to offend. " Besides," re
plied he, "everything said or done
by such a child ought rather to
amuse than affront you." Gen.
Washington piqued at this observa
tion, then said, " Well miss,
I will overlook your indiscre
tion on condition that you drink my
health, or Gen. Futnam's, the first
time you dine at Sir William Howe's
table on the other side of the water."
Sendder's " Men and Manners in
America One Hundred Years Ago-."
Many people are leaving Hillsboro
f 1 i r
in wagons for California.
Woman and her AVork.
From the Detroit Free Press.J
That the "suffrage shriekers." as
they are sometimes tersely, if not
politely called, are honest in their
championship of woman and their
efforts for their advancement is prob
ably true. There may be some ad
mixture in their zeal of a desire for
personal notoriety, and their denun
ciation of the "tvrcnt man" may at
times reach a height which suggests
that it is overdone; but their can be
little question that the mainspring
of their action is a belief that wo
man really is unfairly weighted in
the world's race, and a desire to see
some 2ortion of her burden removed.
If they are as thoughtful as they are
zealou, however, they must feel
somewhat ashamed of themselves
when they read the report just pub
lished by Miss Jennie Collins, of
Boston, of the work done at "Boff
in's Bower" in that city during the
past year. For if they read that re
port carefully they will discover that
one earnest, practical woiker has
done more for the practical ameliora
tion of woman's condition than all
of them have accomplished with their
conventions aud addresses, their
proclamations and denunciations.
They will discover, moreover, that
there is still so wide a field for prac
tical earnest work that no one can
fairly be accounted a real friend of
woman's advancement who leaves
the work undone to engage in the
more congenial occupation of talking
"Bofliin's Bower," as is pretty gen
erally known, is an institution for
the relief and encouragement of
working women. It has been in op
eration some six years, and duiiug
that period has accomplished a vast
amount of good. To girls and wo
men seeking employment it stands
in somewhat the same relation that
the Young Men's Christian Associa
tions iu the largo cities undertake
to occupy toward young men. It
goes farther, however, than most of
these associations attempted to go.
It gives a heme to girls coming to
Boston without money or friends,
and cares for them until work is
found. During the winter it gives
free dinners to working girls, the
number fed last winter from January
11 to April 1 having ranged from
sixty-live to eighty-five daily. All
the expenses of the institutions are
defrayed from . tb? subscriptions of
the benevolent, tho manager giving
her time and labor without any
The report referred to presents
some very interesting facts and sta
tistics concerning the employment
;f women in Boston aud especially
of shop girls, to whom it is chielly
devoted. Of this class tho report
states there are o0,000 in the city,
or nearly one-tenth of the entire
population The number of the occu
pations in which they are engaged is
given as seventy, and the list embra
ces a very wild range, including type
setting, carriage trimming and the
manufacture of artificial limbs, as
well as knitting and waxwork. Be
sides the girls employed in the sev
enty occupations enumerated, there
is a small army of little girls, from
seven to ten yeais of age, w ho run
errands, pick out bastings and act as
The report is of more interest, of
course, in Boston than it will be else
where. It is not without its value,
how-even, as a lesson, not only to the
class to whom we have commended
it, but to the thoughtful everywhere.
In showing the existence in a single
large city of a class of women, iiO,
000 strong, so successfully earning
their own living that less than one-
third of one per cent, find it neces
sary to ask food in winter, it shows
that the problem of supplying work
to women cannot be as difficult of
solution as it is frequently represent
ed. The report does not show what
the rate of wages is nor how it com
pares with the rate of former 3-ears;
but we are fortunate enough to find
in a recent issue of the New York
Tribune figures which measurably
supply the deficiency. From these
figures it appears that the average
weekly earnings of a woman in the
seventy-three occupations open to
her in New York City are 84, a fall
ing off in the past five years of about
thirty per cent. The rate in Boston
cannot vary greatly f om that in
New York. Assiiming ti is to be so,
aud considering the fact that work of
all kinds is very much depressed, the
showing of the Boston report be
comes even more encouraging as a
record of the progress which woman
is making toward honorable self-support.
Let tho Anthonys and Stan
tons, the Howes and Blakes forsake
the platform for a season, put their
shoulders to the wheel, and see if
the whole country can not be per
suaded to follow the worthy example
of the "City of Notions."
She was a colored lady, says tho
Columbia (S.C.) Sun, and attending
a revival of religion, and had worked
herself up to the extreme jitch of
going to the good place in a moment,
or sooner, if possible. As her friends
gave vent to their feelings, she like
wise gave vent to her feeling, and exclaimed-
" I wish I was a June bug !"
A brother of sable hue, standing
near by, inquired :
"What you want to be one for ?"
"That I might fly to my Jesus."
"You fool nigger : woodpecker
ketch you 'fore you get half way
A party of Empire City prospectors
has struck a good thing on the beaeh
about 50 miles north of that place.
Quite a rich body of black sand has
has been found under a deposit of
gravel, and the boys, it is said, are
making big wages.
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,
Courtship, Kissing and Carriage
Riding. From the New York World.
We have great respect for the
opinions of our able contemporary,
the Sun, and are always grieved
when we see it fall into an error on
any important subject. The mis
leading of three or four millions of
readers upon a great issue is a fearful
responsibility. And there was much
in a leading and able editorial article
of the Sun yesterday upon kissing,
to make the judicious grieve. We
shall confine ourselves to a single
blunder in the most serious of the
many questions discussed in that
It seems that a Connecticut girl
has written to the editor of the Sun
to ask, among some trivial inquiries
touching upon etiquette and religion,
this important question : " Is it
proper for a lady to kiss a gentleman
4 good night' when she has been carriage-riding
with him ?" As the dis
cussion of this point comes home to
thebusiness and bosoms of thousands
of both sexes throughout the country,
it should not be lightly nor flippant
ly carried on. In this respect the
Su)i has not erred, we make haste to
say. It has treated the subject with
its customary elevation of tone and
severe dogmatism of temper, but in
doing so it has been guilty of one of
the worst mistakes ever made by an
influential American journal. It says:
"A lady may kiss a gentleman after
she has been carriage-riding with
him, uuder certain circumstances,
but they are very few. If she is
engaged to him we have no objection,
nor have we if ho is a near relative.
Otherwise she had better politely
refuse to do it, for that is a foolish
maiden who throws away her kisses."
Now, the first of these three sentences
is merely a general statement of what
follows in detail. The last is a new
form of the old saying that the fruit
that falls without shaking is rather
too mellow. The middle sentence
contains the gist of the Sun's whole
creed and teaching on kissing after
carriage-riding, and this maintains
that a girl must 011I3' kiss near rela
tives and the man to whom she is
engaged to be married. As for kiss
ing mere relatives in such circum
stances, that is simply nonsense.
Mere relatives don't want to kiss her,
and she doesn't want them to kiss
her. The Sun's rule is therefore
practically narrowed down to this
that a girl may kiss her accepted
lover and no one else. If this rule,
of conduct were adopted, how many
girls would have accepted lovers to
kiss? Does an engagement come
suddenly after a mere formal ac
quaintance, or is it not the result of
a gradually growing intimacy in
which men and women learn to
understand, by carriage-riding and
otherwise, and confide in one an
other. 'I he Sun, to be consistent,
must extend its doctrine a little
further, and maintain that a girl
should not go out " carriage-riding"
except with a near relative or the man
to whom she is engaged. This is the
principle adopted for tho govern
ment of the young ladies at Mount
Holyoke Seminary, and wh recom
mend to the consideration of our
contemporary the answer of a lively
pupil to the preceptress who under
took to enforce tho rule agaiast her.
The j-oung lady asked for permission
to drive out with a gentleman. "You
know the regulations of tho institu
tion," was the answer. "Is he your
father?" "No." "Is ho your
brother?" "No' "Are you en
gaged to him?" "No, but I expect
to be before I get back." That an
swer carried the day, and there is
much philosophy in it touching the
whole subject of "courtship, kissing
A Game of Poker.
Not long since, an eminent divine
in the State of Illinois, (it won't do
to mention names), visited a distant
town for the purpose of preaching a
dedicatory sermon in a new church.
Court was in session, and on Satur
day evening the Judge and lawyers
congregated together in a room and
amused themselves by card-playing
and story-telling. The divine, at the
request of F., a lawyer, visited the
room. Coming upon them so sud
denly, they were unable to hide the
cards and whiskey. The divine
looked on awhile, and then raising
his hat, invited "the gentlemen to
attend church the next day, and hear
him preach. This they agreed to do,
a nd Sunday found Judge and lawyers
seated in the " amen corner."
The sermon was over, the minister
" Friends, the citizens of this town
have built a fine church- There is
still fifteen hundred dollars due. We
propose to raise it by subscription
to-day, and (eyeing the Judge) I go
one hundred dollars. Who goes
The Judge glanced at the lawyers,
and slowly responded : " I see your
" Thank you, brother," said the
" Will any one raise it?" looking
at lawyers No. 1.
The lawyer saw that he was in for
it, and quietly responded :
" I go a hundred blind," and so on
through the list.
The divine raked down both the
bar and the money, until the scene
closed by a shrill sharp voice, an
"I see the last hundred, and "call"
Our readers can imagine the aston
ishment of that congregation.
We venture to say, however, that
those lawyers will not soon invite
the divine to witness a " social game
of poker, where men ' see each
other " go it blind," and call" tho
Stories of Vanderhilt.
It is conceded by all his physicians,
say the New York. Times, that the
ability to withstand the shocks of
disease evinced by Commodore Van-
derbilt is due to his strong constitu
tion and magnificent physique, aid
ed by his abstemious habits and love
of exercise in the open air. As an
instance of how active he was in his
fifty-eighth year, it is related that in
1852 he was on board the steamer
Prometheus, of the. Nicaragua line,
as she-was being moored to her
berth at Pier No 4, North River. A
single hawser had been run from the
ship to tho pier, but owing to the
strong current the ship could not be
moored. The Commodore became
impatient at the delay, and throwing
his cane on the dock swung himself,
hand over hand, on the hawser from
tho ship to the pier. Then picking
up his stick, he said, "I was not
going to stay there all day, "and
walked slowly up the dock
Many stories showing his strong
prejudices and peculiarities in those
days, in regard to his business, are
told of him. On one occasion, in
1852, a Mr. Loper, of Philadelphia,
who had built a number of propel
lers, and who was strongly in favor
of that class of vessels, called on the
Commodore to try to induce him to
use propellers instead of side-wheel
steamers on the Nicargua line. He
exhibited a model to tho Commo
dore, aud predicted that in ten years
from that time not a single side-wheel
steamer would be built, as the pro
pellers were superior to them, both
in speed and ecouemy. After hear
ing all tLat Mr. Loper had to say,
the Commodere said : " All you
say. Mr. Loper. may bo true, but
I'll tell you what I'll do. You build
a propeller, and I'll build oun of my
walking-beam ships, and 1 11 run 3-ou
a race from New York to Liverpool,
ship for ship." Mr. Loper did not
accept the wager, and the Commo
dore never built a propeller.
One of his peculiarities is that he
signs his name thus, "van Derbilt,
pronouncing it " Wauderbilt, " as if
written with a W , the old Dutch
pronunciation of the name. Many
year ago, when Wm. II. Vanderbilt
was a boy, the old gentlemen made
arrangements to send him to a board
ing school in Bedford, Westchester
County. It being necessary to
procure a trunk for the boy, the fa
ther and sou, who then lived in
Madison street, went to the Bowery
to purchase one. After they had se
lected a trunk William suggested
that it would be well to have it mark
ed with his initials. Tho Commo
dore acquiesced, and turned to the
storekeeper and said, " Put 'W. We'
on the ends," meaning W. V. "W.
We ?" said the storekeeper, inquir
ingly. "Yes," said the Commo
dore, "W. We" Tho man still
not seeming to understand, the old
it, Bill, you
tell him." William
plained what his father meant,
W. V. was put on the ends of
trunk in bright brass-headed tacks,
as was the custom in those days.
The title of Commodore was given
him in thejyear 1834 by David Hey
wood, who was at that time captain
of the steamboat Champion, running
between New York and Albany. The
Commodore owned her as well
as the steamboat Nimrod, with which
he was running a day line to Albany
in opposition to other lines.
Disraeli as a Peer.-
The . levation of Premier Disraeli
to the peerage, with the title of Earl of
Beaconsfield, has been briefly an
nounced by cable. In 18G9 the
Queen offered to make him a vis
count, but he declined the honor.
A coronet, however was given to his
wife, and she is now known to histo
ry as the first and only Countess
of Beaconsfield. The place from
which the name of the new Earldom
is to. be taken is a small town in the
County of Bucks, which Disraeli has
represented in Parliament since 184G.
The elevation of Disraeli has an in
terest all its own, derived from the
antecedents of the man and the na
ture of the contest lie has so success
fully waged through life. He enter
ed life with an excellent education,
an acuto mind, and a courage that
feared nothing. But he was not
merely without social influence and
without great wealth but he was op
posed by prejudice as old as Chris
tianity. His grandfather was a
Spanish Jew, who accumulated a
competency in trade and died, leav
ing his name and his money,but no
thing more, to his children. Isaac
Disraeli, the Earl's father, added no
thing to the fortune which had been
bequeathed to him, and, although
making for himself an honorable
place in the literary annals of Eng
land, did nothing to advance his son
among the politicions of the period.
Without the aid of wealth or family
prestige, and by his sole unaided
genius and energy, Benjamin Disra
eli has made himself leader of the
House of Commons, Minister of Fi
nance, and twice Prime Minister of
the British Empire ; and now, in his
seventy-first year, retires from the
leadership of the House of Com
mons to an aristocratic dignity which
he is well calculated to adorn.
Had to "Contemplate. No matter
how thorough has been a man's
Christian education, says the Brook
lyn Argns. nomatterhow attentively
he has followed the paths of right
eousness, he can't fall down a eoal
hole without making remarks that
will bo remembered in the Day of
They have a man in St. Louis who
has made an enormous fortune in
paintsand dve-stuffs. They call him
a ver-miliionare. iosiou -(
Hiram WoodrutTs Advice About
Driving Fast Horses
People talk about a steady, bracing
pull; but in my opinion, that is not
the right way to drive a trotter.
There is a great difference between
letting go of your horse's- he- d and
keeping up one dull, .deadening pull
all the time. The pull ahonld be
sufficient to feel the moutbr so as to
give the horse confidence- to get np
to his stride. More' than that is
mischievous.. . To keep- tho .mouth
alive the bit must be changed occa
sionally. But this ia not to ber done 1
by a iull of the " hand- on the rein.
A mere half turn okthe wrist, or less
than half a turn, by which the thumb
is elevated and the little finger is
lowered, is sufficient to shift the bit,
keep the mouth sensitive and rouse
the horse. The reins ore to be stead
ily held with both hands while
this play with the wrist is made; anil
it is, of course, only to-be done with
one wrist at a time; The hands
should be well down; and the driver
ought not to sit all of a heap, with
his head forward. Neither should he
lean hack, with his bodily weight on
the reins, which, in that case, ar&
mado a sort of stay for him. He
should be upright, and what pulling
he must dashould lie done by tho
rn nseular force of his arms. The
driver who depends upon the arm
has command of the horse he who
substitut a-bodily weight, with tho
reins wrapped around his hands, has
not half command of the horse, or of
himself either; aud, if the horse is a
puller, he will soon take command
of the driver. The reason of it -.
that there is no- intermission of the
exertion, no let-up either for man
or horse. Besides, in that way of
driving,. it is impossible to give thoso
movements to the bit which seem to
refresh and stimulate the horse so
much. When a horse has been
taught the significance of the move
ment of the bit, the shift by the turn?
of the wrist,, ho will never fail to an
swer it,, even though he should seem o
to be at the top of his speed. The
moment he feels this little move of
the bit iu his sensitive mouthr he
will collect himself and make another
spurt, and the value of this way of
driving i . that the horse is not like
ly to break when called upon, while
a high-strung, generom horse if
called upon for a final effort with
the whip is as likely to break the
moment it falls upon him as not. I
have won many a very close heat by
practicing this movement, and,,
therefore, have no hesitation in rec
ommending it. It is not difficult to
acquire, and the horse soon comes to.
know what it means.
The Backward Habit of the Japanese.
The Japanese habit of reversing
everything, if we may regard our own
ways of doing as the proper ways, is
very curious and in some of its de
tails very interesting. Mr. Griffisr
in his work on Japan, discusses it
" Another man is planing. He
pulls the plane towards him. I no
tice a blacksmith at work. He pulls
the bellows with his feet, while he is.
holding and hammering with both
hands. He has several irons in the
fire, and keeps his dinner pot boiling
with the waste name. His whole
family, like the generations before
him, seem to all get their living in
the hardware line.' The cooper holds
his tub with his toes. All of them
sit down while they work. How
strange ! Perhaps that is an import
ant difference between a European
and an Asiatic. One sits down to his
work, the other stands np to it. "Why
is it that we do things contrariwise
to the Japanese ? Are we upside
down, or they? The Japanese say
that we are reversed. They call our
penmanship ' crab-writing,' because,
they say, it goes backward.' The
lines in our books cross the page like
a craw-fish, instead of going down
ward ' properly.' In a Japanese
stable we find the horses flank where
we look for his head. Japanese
screws screw the other way. Their
locks thrust to the left, ours to the
right. The baby toys of the Aryan
race squeak when squeezed ; the
Turanian gimcracks emit noise when;
pulled apart. A Caucasian, to injure ,
his enemy, kills him ; a Japanese
kills himself to spite his foe. W jich
has the negative, which the positive
of truth ? What is truth ? What is
down ? What is up ?"
The Illackhurn Murder.
One of the most remarkable crim
inal cases of recenf years was tho so
called " Blackburn murder" in Eng
land. A barber, it will be remem
bered, killed a little girl seven years
old, cut irp her body and hid it in a
chimney. Another man, a tramp,
was likely to be convicted, when a
dog scented out the remains, re
vealed the dead body, and made so
plain a matter of the previous mys
tery that the barber confessed the
criiine, and the tramp was reluctantly
discharged by the authorities. That
was in March. To be sure,' since
then the interest of the affair has
wandered a little from the murder
and accompanied a brisk fight as to
who owned the sharp dog, and whose
was the money taken in for exhibit
ing him. Still, the case altogether
is one distinctly remembered, and
certain of a place in the history of
crime. - Fish, the murderer, was
vigorously defended on a plea of
insanity it being held that no sane
man could do what he did. But be
has been found guilty and sentenced
to death, as he deserved to be.
Courtney, of Union Sprin gs, -won
the single scnll race at Philadelphia,
on the 31st ult.