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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 30, 1872)
(E!)C tUccSiln enterprise.
O 'VtClXh P.VrEl: OF .21 VCKAM A S COCMV.
toiEliON (TIT, OREGON, AUGUST 30,172.
OF NEW YOUK.
I'or Vice President,
f V2 a T ffc ?, i
Vc fc i
Irssi Jential rileetors,
CJr.O. It. IIKLM, of Linn County.
N. It. O.YTKS, of Wasco County.
I,. P. LAXE, of Douglas Count-.
Democratic State Central Committee.
T 1 1 K MEMBERS OF THE DEMOCRATIC
State Central Committee of Oregon are
requested to be present in person, or by
proxy, at a meeting r.f a:d Committe" to be
held in the City of Portland on Monday,
September 2nd, 172, at 10 o'clock, a. in., at
the office of Judge Page. Ii v 01 dor of the
Chairman, j . A. CHAPMAN.
Portland, August 10th, $72.
The following are the nan.es of thcgentle
ln. j a c imposing the above Committee :
. . . . . . Henton
. . . .Columbia
. . Clackamas
. . .Tillamook
J. A. Chapman . . . .
Renj. Raymond. . . ,
W. II. ,;lcks n
Win. Tii henor
A. L. Waldron. . . .
J. C. Avery
X. II. Cratior
V- A. Bailey
V. A. M usgrove. .
A. Van Dusen
M. C Paige
A. C. Crarg
J. I). Haines
J. W. Baldwin
JI. X. V. Holmes. . .
J. II. Upton
J. J. Walton, jr
W. L. Wli'te
W. II. Fauoette
I i i got e d P r ej 1 1 tl i o e s .
oth I". S. ( Irant (li'ts Hiram
1". (irant) candidate for President,
and Henry Wilson iiiis Jeremiah
Colbaith) candidate for Vice I'resi
o dent on the Uadical ticket, have
placed themselves upon record as
beinp; men of narrow souls and
bigoted prejudices. Henry Wilson
was a notorious Know Nothing,
while Grant, though lie may never
have entered a wigwam of that
order, is a Know Nothing, both in
the natural and political sense of
the term. Without further elab
orating, we will at once produce
the proof from record of their nar
row prejudices against one certain
class of our fellow-citizens. Be
cause one single firm (Mark
Brothers) was supposed to interfere
with the profits of his father, who
was engaged in the same business,
(len. Grant issued the following
order against the Jews as a class,
. the wording and tenor of which
exhibited hd extreme narrowness
of soul :
Ili:.v!(r,u;TF.i;s Thiktkkxt;! Aumv Cokps
Dei wktmkxt of the Tkxxi:s.kk.
Oxroitn, Mis.-;.. December 17. 1SG2.
Tiik Jkw.s as a class, violating every
regulation of trade established by the
Treasury Department, also department
eiders, are hereby expellod from the de
partment within twenty tour bonis from
t he receipt of this order by post com
manders. They will see that .all Tins
class oKirr.oH.K arc furnished with passes
and required to leave, and any one re-
O turning alter such notification will bo ar
rested and held in confinement until an
opportunity occurs of sending them out as
prisoners, unless furnished with permits
from the-io headquarters. No passes will
be given tiiestc peoi'LK to visit foimhpmr
rVr.s for tli"-purpose of uvikinj persona' xip
!!''.' it l.oa fur trwle permits.
O By order of Major General Grant.
And Henry Wilson, in open
Senate, replying to Senator Benja
min of Louisiana, made the follow
ing0coarse and ungenerous allusion
to the same race of people :
' His bearing, the tone of his voice, his
words, all gave evidence that the spark ol
patriotism, if it ever existed, was extinct
in his bosom; that his heart was in this
loul and wicked plot to dismember the
Union, to overthrow the Government of
his adopted Country, which gives equality
of rights even to that race that stoned the
cJ'rophel-s and crucified the Redeemer of
the world." The Lk),jresslonal Globe, J-lb.
The above documents show that
both these men are fitting expon
ents of the illiberal Kadieal party,
O which legitimately sprung from
the Tories of the old Know Noth
ing party, and which is even now
paving the way in public sentiment
for the commencement of a relig
ious crusade, so soon as it succeeds
O in completely subjecting the white
people, of the South.
The Kadieal pap:rs have made
great ado over the fact that Stan
lyMatthews, temporary chairman
of the Cincinnati Convention, has
announced his support for Grant.
The milk in the cocoa-nut has been
analyzed, and it has been ascertain
ed that the Government has given
him a $5,000 fee in a "Distillery
case." That's what's the matter
A story is told that a prominent Grant
politician ol Uugene subscribed for twen
ty copien of the Day Book for gratuitous
distribution among Democrats, not doubt
ing but that that sheet would continue its
opposition to Greeley. When the first
copies came to hand he was surprised and
chagrined tofind the name of Greeley and
TVovvr. ns hs e-.ac'.Hatcs for President
Evidence of Treasury frauds.
Instead of going to North Caro
lina and instigating the brutal ne
gro population of that State to
kick wide open "the bloody
chasm," Secretary Boutwell had
much better have staid at home
and endeavored to close up the
"chasms" that exists in the reports
of his own Department. Notwith
standing Congress has allowed the
Treasury Department to tinker
with old accounts, dating back to
the formation of the Government,
for the purpose, of covering up
frauds and discrepancies, yet, in
spite of ail the tinkering, fraud is
written as plainly in the official re
ports of the Government as villiany
was ever written on the visage of
a scoundrel. By the figures of its
own officers, officially given and
published to the world, the have
been unable to conceal all the
frauds perpetrated. Public atten
tion has been repeatedly called to
these glaring discrepancies in the
Treasury accounts, which the offi
cers making them have been utter
ly unable to explain or refute. And
recently an able writer on finance,
has been looking up the treasury
statement in relation to the live
twentv bonds and the conversion
of a portion of them into the new
loan of five per cent, bonds, au
thorized by the Act of July 14th,
18 70, (called the funded loan of
1881), which furnishes some rich
developments, from which we gath
er the following items, taken by
the writer aforesaid from the offi
cial reports of Treasury officers :
June 1st. Five-twenties
drawing interest... $1,097.1:53 1100
ing no interest 9.0(53.300
' Five-twenties pur-
cba.-ed on bids 203,733.-100
" Five - twenties re
deemed on call 130.903.700
Total 302 917.700
This total represents all the five
twenty bonds outstanding and re
tired on account of other than the
loan of 1881. Now Ictus compare
this statement with the statement
of the five-twenties outstanding
June 30th, 1809 :
June 30th. Five twenties
ou's'y riding $1,002 OSlUOO
June 1st. Five-twenties re
deemed and outstand
ing $1.302 917.70")
Leaving five twenties avail
able for funded loan
oflsSl ..$ 99.7 1G. 100
Thus we have the above amount
available for conversion into the
five per cent, bonds of the loan of
1881, as provided by Congress.
But in the Boutwell statement for
June 1st, 1872, we find that the
whole of the $200,000,000 of the
five per cent, of 18S1 had been ex
changed for, or sold, to redeem the
live-twenties, and that such whole
amount was then incorporated in
the bonded debt. This brings
matters into the following predica
June 1. Amount issued
of loan o! 1S8 1 $200,000,000
" Five-twenties availa
ble for said loan 99.710.100
Excess of conversion . . $100.283 900
These figures will very naturally
suggest the inquiry where that
$100,233,000 of the five-twenties
came from which the above state
ments show were necessary under
the law to be retired in order to
put, out the $200,000,000 of the new
five per cents. If that amount of
five-twenties never existed, then to
whom and for what purpose was
the $100,283,000 of five per cents,
issued in violation of law ? An
explanation from Boutwell is now
As one other proof, added to
the score of other instances, all go
ing to show that no reliance can
be placed on the statements of the
Treasury Department, we will re
fer to the conflicting statements as
to the amount of the issue of these
new five per cent, bonds, at a cer
tain date. On page 04 1 of the
Finance Keport of 1871, the Treas
urer states the issue to July 1st,
1871, to have been $00,002,230.
On page r,u, of the same book, the
Secretary states that the issue to
the same date was $50,009,150.
We will place the statements to
July. 1. Issue of five per cents,
per Treasurer $00,002,250
July 1. Issue of five per cents.
per Secretary $39,009,130
Difference $ fi 933 100
With such discrepancies in the
Treasury reports,, who can place
any reliance whatever upon any
statement from that department ?
And with such discrepancies, who
can doubt that frauds of the most
gigantic character, and stealing of
the most huge proportions, have
been committed. Shrewd men
nave preuicieu mat in case vireeiev
I , . .. ....
is elected, a sudden fire will br
out in the Treasury building prior
to the fourth of March next. We
would not be one whit surprised.
A sweeping tire might destroy
some verv uglv evidence of"offieial
Williams for the Senate.
A Washington dispatch to the
St. L ouis Jicruli-ican, of August
14th, states :
There is no question now but that At
torney General Williams is a candidate for
the United States Senate in Oregon, to
succeed Corbatt, whose term expires this
winter. Whatever of patronage the ad
ministration has is promised to bo thrown
in Williams' behalf, notwithstanding the
fact that none have proved more subser
vient in this direction than the sitting Sen
ator Corbett. One of the Attorney Gen
eral's representatives left here to day for
Oregon, to make all sors of promises in
Wi'liair.s' behalf, and to make the neces
sary combination to elect him. The At
torney General is one of those who are
fearful of a change in the administration,
and being a poor man as well as a saga
cious polilieian. wishes to provide a place
for himself beyond the reach of the next
It is thoroughly believed by
sailors that rats have the sagacity
to leave a sinking ship just prior to
its last fatal voyage. The venera
ble old political rat spoken of in
the above dispatch, evinces the
same kind of sagacity. Flaxbrake,
at Washington, has been watching
the political currents, and having
become convinced that the Grant
dynasty is to be swept away in
November, he lias determined to
ensconse himself, if possible, for six
years in the Senate. This action
on the part of Williams is one of
the most significant straws of the
campaign. How 3!itchcll, who is
an aspirant, will receive this news,
it is not hard to tell. But, then, a
simple order from his "distinguish
ed client" to retire in good order,
and leave the field open for Wil
liams, will have to be implicitly
I'laxbrake on 3iuSes.
A telegraphic dispatch of the
22d ult., says that "some time ago
Gen. Pillow, late of the Confederate
armv, sent a letter to the Secretary
of War, asking the value of 200
mules seized by the Union troops
at Helena Arkansas. The letter
was referred to Attorney General
Williams, who has given an opinion
holding the claim not good, the
property having been seized in a
State which attempted to withdraw
from the Union and belonging to
a party not loyal to the govern
ment." The express stipulation in
the Constitution of the United
States that "nor shall private
property be taken for the public
use without just compensation," is
most happily evaded by the as
sumption on the part of tiiC lea rue.'!
Attorney General, that the party
owning the mules was not loyal,
and belonged to a State that at
tempted to withdraw from the
Union. "What is the use of hold
ing courts after this? This diction
by Old Flaxbrake on the mule
question shows that the whole
machinery of the courts might be
dispensed with, and that the solemn
old ass who pronounced it, could
dispense law by dispensing with
the Constitution in the most rapid
The Multnomah Tammany.
It has been recently made public
by the Portland papers, that a ro
u'ar little Tammany Pin exists in
Multnomah county. Dr. Watkins
has a 'contract with the County
Commissioners as physician for the
county at -75G per annum, which
does not expire until December,
and yet the County Commissioners,
at their last meeting removed him
and appointed Dr. Giltner, at a
salary of -s, 200 per year, alt hough
they could have employed the best
physicians in the county for the
stipend paid to Dr. Watkins. The
secret of this move is the fact that
Dr. Watkins favored Corbett as
United States Senator, while Gilt
ner, while pretending to favor him,
was secretly working for Mitchell.
The Mitchell clique of Multnomah
county is patterned after Tarn many
exactly. Pvery Republican that
does not bow down and worship
when the clique commands, is pun
ished while its tools are fattened at
the expense of the people.
Williams or Corbett.
The Republican members of the
Legislature will now have to enrol
themselves under the banner of one
or the other of these gentlemen,
who Ave now learn are both candi
dates for the United States Senate.
If the Republican members have
the interest of the State .in view,
they will vote for Corbett, who has
labored faithfully in the Senate for
such interests. If, however, they
have the interest of a large private
corporation m this State only in
view, they will vote for Williams,
as during the last session he was in
Congress he labored almost exclu
sively in behalf of the leading man
f t . -.- , .
Ot tli.it. enrnnrn t rnti sno-mimm- 1,;.-
.. , . 1 ; ' i -
time and large talents in trying to
get him a $o 00,000 steamship sub
sidy. We -will see, -when the Leg
islature meets, just how many
Republican members have been
V' ked and branded.
e have been at a loss for some time
to know who and what this individual
was The Chicago Tribune has iuruished
s the following sketch of him, which we
ac our patrons to read.
U e now propose to draw a picture of
Llanton Duncan durin- the war.thatDem
ociats may know whaf sort ot a man he
is who design.? selling them out. and that,
hepublicaus may know the character of
Ons silent partner in the firm of Grant,
Cameron, Morton & Co. When the war
broke out. Mr. Bianlon Duncan after fail
ing to force his Slate Kentnckv into
secession, offered Lis services to Jefferson
Davis, with the expectation of receiving a
nigh commission. He was made only
Colonel and Aide de Camp, and after a
short time resigned, and took a contract
with the Treasury Department for print
ing and engraving Confederate notes. His
contract, after the space of six months
was forfeited by the discovery that he
had over issued several millions of dol
lars more than he had delivered to the
Treasury Department. For this he was
arrested. Wealth and intluence secured
his release, and he left Richmond in dis
grace. He next turns up in Wilmington.
X. C, as a blockade runner, owning sev
eral vessels, and amassing a large amount
of money ih this lucrative business. At
last, however, the Confederate conscrip
lion laws grew so rigorous that either Mr.
Dlanton Duncan must enter into active
service or give up a considerable portion
of his property. lie concluded to do
neither, and. getting his means into port
able shape, ran through the Union block
ading fleet and escaped to Nassau. whence
after some time, he makes his appearance
in the Northern States in time to save his
immense Kentucky estates from confisca
tion, which he does by showing thai he
had always been a staunch Union man!
This is M r. Dlanton Duncan's record, as
furnished to us upon good authority. As
a tire-eater, he ended in di "grace. Asa
dirt-eater he ended in success. lie now
once more re appears i i pubi'C life as iho
manager of the sideshow to the Philadel
phia Convention, wherein he propose s to
sign, seal, and deliver iver to Grant such
Democrats r.s he may catch with his spec
ious presences. We have supplemented
his circular with his record, and submit
them both to honest democrats. With
this loiter of credit he is at liberty to open
shop at once for the sale of Democrats to
We have also been of the opinion that
this person is the instrument in lie Rad
ical hands to endeavor to break up the
i solid column against Grant. :md the fol-
! lowi ig dispatch will substantiate cur
I views on this subject :
j brrn.K Mock. August 12. The fullow
j ing letter was received to-day by a prom
inent. Republican of tins place. J. M. Ed
mund. Ihe man who sent it. is Grant's
Postmaster si t Washington, and is Secre
tary of the (irant Congress campaign Com
mittee. His s:gnature to the letter has
been compared with that to o'her letters
in possessh n of persons here, and is un
quesiionably genuine. The circular he
incloses is a Hinted cony ol i5!antm Dun
can's call for the Louisville Bourbon Con
vention. The letter raid circular came
inclosed in an envelope on the outside of
which is printed. "l.'.-iion R.efoiui Con
gressional Fxeculive Commit lee, Washing
ton. D. ('.'' The letter reads ;,s foMows :
Washington-. D. C. July r.0. 1n72.
Dkau Sni : Please send the inclosed
circular to active Democrats in your d'n
trict who do not support Mr. Greeley .and
will co operate in the Louisville Con ven-
lion, ."-end mo a list of :
uc:i men m eacn
J. M. Karvryns. Secretary
This loiter completely proves the chat ge
that i!' Bourbon movement is managed
in the I.:'o!vst ol' Grant by the Adminis
tration Cunn.k'i' Co;,;mil'.cc at Washing
top.. Will Dcmocr its be so in"!'.rl. 'e-t as to
follow such a movcimnt
Grant ? We think not.
Frauds in Twi'.h Carolina.
That Caldwell, the Radical can
didate for Governor in North Car
olina, obtained his majority only
by the most transparent frauds,
there is no earthly doubt. A Ra
leigh correspondent of the Xew
York Jli rul'J, of August Kuh,savs
that the provision of lhe State law
that the Sheriffs of the precincts
and townships should publicly an
nounce the votes for all candidates
within a certain speeiiied time after
the day of election, was not com
plied with in several counties, but
that such votes were withheld in
order to ascertain how large ma
jorities were needed, in order that
they might be given. The corres
pondent gives the following list of
counties in which the votes said to
have been cast exceeded the voting
population of the counties, estab
lished by the census of 1870:
In Pdaden county the voting strength is
put down at 2. CD;' t,(. niini!o-r of "votes
actually cast is 2. ;.";. In Cumberland
county the voting strength is put down at
o.2.V2jthe number of votes actually rr.st
is :'. 77:!. In Duplin countv the voting
population is put down at 2.O.V.). the num
ber of votes actually cast is a.lS.V In
Franklin county lhe voting strength is
put down at 2.270; the number of "votes
actually cast is 3.n.;.-,. jn Halifax countv
the voting strength is put d iwn at -l.-l.vi;
the actual number of votes cast for Gov
ernor in the late election is ,")..-,07. In this
county the registered books are said to
have been lost. In Lenoir county the
voting strength is put down at 2.0si: the
number of votes cast was 2.20 1. Iti Nash
coun'y the voting s'rengh is put down at,
2.181; the number of votes cast is 2..V77.
This increase is, in part however, account
ed for by the recent annexation of a patt
Edgecombe county to Nash. In North
ampton county the voting strength is put
down at 2.001: the number of votes actu
ally cast is IS OS"). I Robeson county the
voting strength is put down at a.ORj; the
number of votes actually east is ;j.21 1. In
S impson county the voting strenght is put
down at 2.9SK; the vote acluallv cast is
The following are the appointments of
the M. E. Church. South, for the present
year : Umatilla Disfiict To b" supplied.
Walla Walla Circuit do. Powder and
Grand Rondo (J. II. E. Newton. Roise
and Payette Cr-f;. Curtis. Umatilla In
dians to be supplied. Willamette Dis
trict B. R. Baxter. P. E. Corval lis and
Junction City James Kelsey. Dallas
J. M. Lovell. La Faveite and Tillamook
R. T. Weatherby. ' Salem and E. Port
land!:. J. Do.vne. Oregon Citv To be
supplied. Albany Circuit D. C. McFar
land. Brownsville R. C. Oglesbv.
Coast. Fork E. G. Michael. Jos. Pinery.
Professor in Corvahis College ; A. E.
Sears. College Agent. Jacksonville Dis
trict B. R. Johnson. Jacksonville Cir
cuir J. W. Stahl. Roseburg Circuit P.
R. Johnson. Oakland Circuit To be sup
plied (J. W. Starr.) Josephine Circuit
to be supplied. Transferred to Pacific
Conference W. A. Finlcy. Located by
their own request It. C. 'Martin and P.
F. Burch. Discontinued at their own re-quest--J.
W. Starr and T. V. B. Embrec.
Important tetter from Hon. Jas. II.
RAILROAD MATTERS IISCCSSEO.
La Graxde, Aur. 12th 1572.
Sir: Through the columns of your paper
I desire to say a few words to the people of
Eastern Oregon upon the subject of Ruil
iead communication. I am fully aware of
the anxiety of the people upon this subject,
and ke.ow that they ars earnestly hoping
that nt an early day provisions wilt be
made for the construction of a railroad from
Portland to Salt Lake. And right here 1 de
sire to say that I have no sort of doubt but
that this road will be built, and is only a
que.-tion of time; but this is altogether too
indefinite. The great questions are When?
How soon? These questions are easily ask
ed but r.re most difficult to answer.
The lirst step towaid meeting the wants
and necesitics of our people is the construc
tion of a narrow gauge road fotim the Col
umbia river to Baker City. This is the first
link to be built iu the Portland, Dalles and
Salt Lake road. How shad it, or can it be
built ? Congress has given a right of way,
but at its last session refused to give other
aid. It is hoped fiat future ac tion may be
more favorable and some assistance yet be
secured; but this at best is uncertain and
rnav entirely fail us, and in the end we niay
be forced to try other means. Tins is too
plainly the present outhx-k of Eastern
Oregon ns regards the construction of rail
roads. It is then the part of wisdom to
look squarely at these matters, and n.it rest
supinely upon hopes that may prove illusory.
The distance by the most feasible route
from the Columbia liver to Biker City can
not exceed 1 In m.les. The cost of construc
tion of a narrow gnaged road upon this
route woidd not exee-d ?ln,Ooo per mile, or
say one and a half million of dollars. Now
the line of this road would pierce settlements
ugiireiratinsj, at the present time, 12,ooo,
and would secure the trade and support of
15,o(M more. The results can best be sug
gested by reference to the well etaba-hel
iai-t that the creative power of railroads is
such that their construction through agricul
tural districts adds to property vnbies five
times the cost of their con-ti uction. The
assessments of the three counties of Uma
tilla, Union and Ilakcr will ablegate at
present not more than three millions. Ap
ply the r u'e stilted C the construct on of a
road from the Columbia liver t Haker City,
at a cost of one and a half million dollars,
and there will be ad. led to the assessed val
ues in those c 'unties the sum of seven and
one-half millions. This increase will not of
course come all at once, but in the course of
a few years after the completion of the r oad.
There is then a very great Indu -'c merit to
make extraordinary effort to secure its con
struction at an early day-
That the road wid pay from irs completion
I have u doubt. It might not if there were
n') incrcasj over present resources; but it
wid require at least three yea; s to construct
it, and within that time, without reference
to any nccch -ration by reason - f its cottruc
lioti, we may reasonably calculated upon :a'
percent, increase in our population, and
with the impetus the coii-truction of the
road would give, we will double our popula
tion in less t! an live years. That U to say,
by the time the road can be constructed and
out in operation, if we were nov
oiv to e:
tcrV.pon the enterprise there would be trib
utary to its support a population scarcely
le-s than fifty thousand l.oople. My o'.vn
convictions are that it would be jrreatcr rath
er than loss, for the reason that there is a
very large district f country adjacent to
the line of this Haul whi'di is s'iil subject to
Si ttlc nieiit. The prac' inability of the route
is not questioned, ::nd that the resources of
ii e country will sast lin a railroad cannot,
in view of these fa. ts, be que.-tioned. And
this brings us to the consideration of the
means for i s construe! ion.
In theolderStat.es, whenever the resour
ces of a section will insure a pavimr letmn
equal to running expenses and seven per
cent, interest upon the cost of const uciiotu
there ts 110 diilicu'.ty in securing capital. It
is generally ready to seize every snei'i op
portunity without delav. P,ut here the cap
ital in tin main must come from abroad. Ie
most of the Western St it-s where roads are
being built without the aid of C vetnmcnt
subsidies, the mode of seruiing the ne.tes.-ary
funds is generally by voting aid by towas
jiinl counties along the line In lids way
fsbout ten pi-r cent is us-tally ni-ed or loan
ed t the company, or the i;;t- rest on the
bonds of the eaqany, are gnat anti 'd fir a
given period; but here, under the form of
our Slate Cor.s'i'.ufuei, we nra denied resort
l(, ' "-o insirnmviitahties and are thrown
upon indu.'.1"!1! enterprise a id liberality for
any a:;l a I loc-w " - --"i-vl
its to make in.',!v-nts bere tinier
nee ot local eonii
C: t 1 m
; some C
n the c
: must 1
meat and com;
1 10:1 of the road, duri
mo-t of which time, ami por-siioy a baiger
period. h ea: if.d invested will be idle, not
even paving odere.-t.
engage in laulc ing i a
And .'.gun. men woo
n.ads ai e like men in
I olhrn- business thev doit lur the mo:;ev Jicy
I make or
peet to make. Au-i we mav as
well make up our moots that whoever
this much-n.-eded road of ours will make
just as much out !' it as is possible to be
made that is to sa" , will make just as much
out of the peopU- as thev can. This is the
history of railroads wherever they have b.--e:i
built, and our experience will not be differ
cut from the experience of other people.
The question then is, are w-2 prepare I to
put our shoulders to this work, and from our
own pockets .subsidize ties roud ? Or, will
we wait until lhe growth of lhe country will
oiler Mich inducements that, capitalists either
at home or aim) id will build tiie road with
out leal did or until (' oigre-s shall become
more liberal and grant (J ivernaieat aid in
It has been a-cerfained that Eastern cap
ital can be procured to fur nish the iron and
rolling stock, now cin local aid be had cuf
fieunt to grade a ill lay down the ties? If
this can be done we can proceed wtihoat
.much d day in the const rue t ion of our road.
I am not able to estimate the cot of grad
ing and put ing down tha tics, but after very
careful consideration I have become con
vioced that it will be necessary to seen -e aid
along the i : : 1 of rho road equal to S I oi),oi o;
and ihat wi'b this r. mount pledged and se
cured work u ight be c mimenced in b-ss than
twelvemonths. Can this amount be secur
ed '1 It is certainly large for lhe three cum
t'es dlie.-tly upon the line oS' the road. That
the contribution of this sum would in the
end prove profitable by the
property values, I think: will not be question
ed in view of the facts already stated ; pro
vioed the road is constructed. It is certain,
however, that so hu ge an amount cannot be
seru'ed without great effort on the part ol the
people ; nor can it be secured upon any oth
er condition than the certainty ol the road
being buiit. lint few would be willing to
coat ri'oute in any other way than upon the
cmdition that their eoutrioution was pava
ble upon eotnpletiovi ot the road. If this
amount was cootrib ited in land, or 111 nicy
secured by mortgage upon finds, the e nti
b itlons of each county to be paid when fie
road should be built to a given point in such
county, s these sub-idles eou'd be regarded
as contingent funds that might be realized
as the road progressed, the end would b'i
gained, and the company have a local b isis
cpon which to negotiate its bonds for funds
to begin the work. To make the proposi
tion as plain as possible, suppose that thiee
men, A, 15 and C, living in several counties
named, have each ltio acres ot land, and
each proposes to co.itribute loo towards
the cost ruction of tho road, to be paid when
the road shall be constructed through the
respective counties, and to make the com
pany know that that sum will be paid, gives
a mortgage up .n forty or eighty acres of
their laud. This tlon becomes fixed when
t'ne road is built, and the money is secured
under the mortgage.
These suggestions are made for the pur
pose of drawing attention to, and discus
sion of, the wavs 'and means to secure the
building of thissecti m of road. 1 think every
intelligent person will at once admit that it
this be done, it will not be long until it would
reach oa to Boise Citv, and from thence to
Salt Lake; and finally to Portland. Let the
people talk over this matter, and make up
their minds as to the course they will pursue.
Whether they wi.l rest upon tae uncertam
t.es of Congressional action, or put their
own shoulders to the wheel and make a cer
tainty of an eariv completion of the roai.
Jas. 11. Slaieb.
Lane county puts in its claim for pos
session of -the meanest woman in the
State. Although rich, she charged her
sister who came to see her from a distance J
d staid a week, fc-r her boa
rd daring j
There are no vacant houses in Salem.
Senator Corbett is making a visit up
There is a natural bridge on the ruck
real in Folk county.
The Catholics will erect a new church
at Astoria, 20x50, this season.
Mis. Duniway lias got heme and taken
the slump from the Grant speakers.
A smart little village is spririginrr up at
Drain's Station on the O. fc C. Railroad.
R. J. Pengra. the Surveyor General of
Oregon under Lincoln, is out for Greeley.
Saddle Mountain, near Astoria, is re
ported as exhibiting symptoms of volcan
The Chemekafa Hotel at Sales! will
probably be open on Monday, Septem
The Wasco county Fair commences on
the 17th of September, and contiuues four
The Jackson county Agricultural Fair
will commence October 23rd, and contin
ue four days.
J unes Barclay was found guilty of sell
ing liquor to Indians in Judge Deady s
Court last Wednesday.
It is slated that Jesse Applegate, the
ablest original Republican in tins ttaie,
is for Greeley and Drown.
About seven hundred dollars in pre
miums will be distributed at the Jackson
county fair in October.
The Odd Fellows of Silverton in Ma
rion county, have receuily erected and
furnished a Cue hall.
The Legislative halls have been clean
ed and fitted up preparatory to the meet
ng of that body.
An examination of the Slate Treasur
er's Report shows the fuuded debt of the
State to be 200.177.
The two vessels FJecira and Navigator
will most probably load with wheat at
Portland for Liverpool.
W. F. Trimble and Then. Wygant of
Portland, have been appointed Notaries
Public for Multnomah coun'y.
The Wallowa Valley Indians are threat
ening lhe settlers wiih the scalpel, etc..
but the settlers keep pouring in.
Wm. Smith of Lane county, has two
heii'ei calves four months old. that weigh
respectively, 1213 and 420 pounds.
stv iiuiiiri'i 11 is ic s or noouoes are
killed eight head of thorough-
,n county, one mgoi last v.eeK.
Washington county has sold his famous
ed calf to a showman for $100.
en. W. Ballard cf Benton county was
es'ed last Tuesday for a f -lonious as-
ault on E. A. Mi'iner. and he'd to bail.
icre was a case 01
srnaW pox at St.
lat week and
was caused by it. JAerybody vaccinated.
Salem is making preparations for thous
ands of visitors at the coining St
and for a g odly number at the
mbii coun'v the mi'
full time with plentv of
d J rs . "1
he logging business
Four new arr'rals wore rents' ore, at the
II 'el de Wat kinds at Salem last Sunday.
I T."y will remain 20 years in the aggre
gate. A fiae. fat deer s rayed in'o Koseburg
last week. The nimrod- all ran for their
guns but his deership sun.
It a mice" and
! Tiieb .dv (,f a halfbreed Indian was
! biunu in tiii' liver at 1 ornano 1,1.-1 u eo-
ne., 1-iv, Judications are that he had been
Farmer.'? id Yamhill ennnfy pay the
yield of .vheat w'ul be greater than was
expected and will nearly pqual that of
Clark Smith of Washington coun'y. re
ports having found cxten-ive deposits of
stone coal about twenty two miles from
A large band of sheep were recently
purchased in Benton county, for the Vic
toria market, at an average price of three
dollars per head.
Somebody tried to set Jacksonville on
fire l ist week, but fortunately failed. Sup
posed to have been an outsider trying to
get his friends out of j Til.
Another one of an alleged band of horse
thieves infesting Sotrhern Oregon, has
been arrested by Siiorilf of Jackson coun
ty. His name is Criekett.
The Annual Convocation of the Oregon
nnd Washington MisMon of the Protestant
Episcopal Church metal Portland at Trin
ity Church, Thursday last.
A meeting is called at Lebanon. Linn
county, tor Seotember .". to take aciion
in regard to obtaining a branch or switch
ol the railroad to that place.
To concadict the stories circulated by
the (irant papers that there is but one
Greolev Republican in Polk lhe llrpuhllc
an publishes a list of half a dozen.
Mr. J. M. M'-lviile, a Scotch emigrant
aent. arrived in Oregon by the la.-d
steamer. He will remain several weeks,
and mike an examination of the State.
Harvest is about over in Jack f on coun
ty, the crops -are very poor, yielding not
more than lilt eon bushel? per acre. Wheat
is dull at $1 00 per bushel ; oats. 15 cts.
The M Pinluinetr says that S. Ellsworth.
Esq.. an old citizen of Eugene city, and
one of the ablest lawyers in the Slate, has
d'Oermined to make his future home at
The Albany J):mocrrit says : 'Large
quantities of wheat aro now pouring into
this market. But little has been sold and
no price can really be said to have been
settled upon by buyers.
Petitions are being circulated all over
the State for signatures, asking the Legis
lature to make an apgropriation for the
support and maintenance of a Board of
Immigration in the State.
A half-breed boy named Bain, residing
at Oakland, undertook to ascertrin wheth
er a gun was loaded by blowing down
the barrel. The guri went ofF and Mow
ed out the boy's brains.
The Salem statesman says John Minto,
of Salem, lately sold twenty head of sheep
to Joseph Beeziey. of Wasco county, f r
the good price of $21 25 per head. They
The mail robbers were found guilty last
Saturday, the jury being out but a few
moments. The counsel for the rrDoner
moved for a new trial, which motion ii to
argued to morrow. The penapy for
the o'fcniC is imprisonment for life.
, , , , , , ; ior norse-sicuur.g. 10 iiuiku uiick hi diii
expected to be dug out of one and a Inuf ; Wl,(kiml-S !;(,.(q.nd Thos Barber for lar
aciesof ground on laqaumhay. Ceny in a dwelling house, three years in
Oakland merchants are making arrange- the same place,
moots to 1. -reive freight from San Fran- j scrctar Chad wick has the list of se
cisco via. 1 oi lland and me ranroad. ; j .j pu..Jnip ,ui(s rn:l(le out. an,j ready
Duncan M. Wilson has been appointed i to send on to the Surveyor General at
Commissioner nT Deeds for the State of Washington. Maps, field notes, etc.. will
Oregon, to reside in San Francisco. j be sent on with the list, that there may
" . -, ! be 110 difficulty in comparing the State
1 he attempt to organize a Grant and . rt.corU:; willl ji,OSo furnished by the Gov
Ui'.son Club at Portland last Saturday j enwrit s.irvevora. The list comprises
evening is said to have been a failure. 1 ..or, 00a Jr,.s
Telegraph wire took the stage driver's
bat oft and came near, taking his head
with it as he was driving rapidly ia ;t:
dark between Winchester and Rosefcv-;
one night last week. "
Dr Belt, the physician to the pe-i'iea-,
liary, Convicts, will recommend the abol
i.shm"Ut of the shackle to a great degree
He says its constant use is bringing tio
disease on many of the prisoners.
Gov. Grover has just received a peti
tion with an extensive list of signers, for
the pardon of one Saxe, wbo was convict
ed of assault with deadly weapon in Lua
county, nearly a year ago.
Two men have been arrested lytha
citizens of Wallowa for selling liquor ic
the Indians. At last accounts the selltrs
were debating whether to send tbaLi iz
La Grande or bang "em to the neirest,
The proprietors of tLe Willamette Vj't-j!-cn
Mills are having gas fixtures p . ia
through the entire building. It wil
over 2.000 feet of pipe to comple
job. The University is to be li'uteJ
the same main er.
Quite .1 number of fast Lorseg cis
training for the racts at tho Linn ecte'v?
fair. It is said that Wm. Ten neat hisi , it
in his statdes ; Mr. Ross, four ; Wm. 2u t
five ; Wm. White, two ; and Mr, Baskdi
of Polk county, four or five.
The penitentiary at Salem had a narrow
escape from fire last week. A cbandt litr
containing four large lamps filled with
coal oil fell, and the fi imes instantly filled
the building. Prisoners smothered tb.w
flames with their blankets.
We have received a large fair poster for
1872, jointed by PI M. Wait, of Salem. It
is the best poster ever printed in Oregon,
and shows ihat Oregon is not behind any
other Stale in producing fine colored
printing. The fair eommenci s on the 30th
Mr. T. Patterson, who has the manage
ment of Leonard's Balance Wrench in the
East, is having great success. Arrange
ments have lo-en made with the firm of
Hewes and Phillips of Newark. N. J., for
the manufacture of machines, and a large
lot are nearly ready for delivery.
The Benton Democrat says : "Most of
the fall grain has been garnered, but the
spring crop in many localities, is yet un
cut, the cool damp weather preventing it
from ripening. Very little rain has fall
en in this vicinity, while over toward Ya
quina heavy showers Lave been experi
enced. On FrM a? l.-isf JnIcre Prim, of the 1'irst
! Judicial District, sentenced W. B. Dear
i berry. Charles Wilson and Thos. J. Allen
, ,- , . i : urn
over 2Uti,uuo acres.
j ry, ir,o;,1(".,
' Wo learn that
O. S. N. Co. will soon commence tl
conMrudion of several large barges one
; pose ot carrying rauroa-t mm. rui.noi
1 savsinai ine .ompanv 1 ui.-o going us
1 build a new bridge across Mill creek..
The Albany Ihmocrat says :. -C. F
Barkhitrdt, Esq.. informs us lhat he lias
received n order to furnish the New York
City Board of Ex-change with specimen
of all the different kinds of grain produced
in Oregon the amount t;j consist of three
bushels of each variety. He wilt semi
birley.rye. pa's, wheat, and all other
kinds of eoreaks-piroduced in this latitude.'7'
Th" O Id Fellow's celebration at Jack
sonville 0:1 lhe 10:h is spoken of in the
local papers as ;i very p!eaant and inter
esting occasion. T. B. Uandley. Eq ,.
late of the )Vts! S:h. has gone on a sur
veying tour in Nehah-m valley. The par
ty will probably be absent ail summer.
He probably gets a good price for his
co iiract. in consideration of his services
as a Radical editor.
The Greeley and Brown club at Eu
gene has 7") members. Following are tilt
officers of the club : President. A. A.
Smith ; Yie IVe.-idents. I. F. Davis. J. F.
Brown. J. D. Kinsey. H. C. Owen. W. Os
borne. Treasurer, T. G. Hendricks. Cor
responding Secretary. C. W. Fitch ; Asst.
Secretary. Frank Coleman ; Recording
Secretary. G W. Kinsay ; Executive Com
mittee. J. J. Walton. Jr.. Geo. Mar.-halL
Dr. A. Foley. A. W. Patterson.
A terrible shooting affray occurred at
Dallas. Polk countv. last Saturday, be-
tween A. H. Whitley and son. on one side
and Gl izeaml Frank McCann 011 the other.
) The t-.iU:-invtn sams up the result as fol
low;, : 'ihrce men shot ; one kil e.i : one
badly Cut : one with a badly broken head,
the town vor much excited ; MeCann
and Glaze have. 01W informant says, beeu
arrested to await the inquest 00 young
A Hilisboro correspondent of thff Ore
uonian savs : "The Tualatin Navigation
Company have let the contract for the
erection of six warehouses on the Tuala
tin river. One of these buildings is to be
erected at the Hilisboro Landing, about
a half mile south of the town. These
houses are to be completed within the
next ten or twelve days;so as to be ready
to receive grain for shipment. These ar -rangemen's
come just in the nick of time.
The farmers in the Hilisboro Plain and
those along the river of the South Tuala
tin Plains will find a means of cheap and!
ens' trans ortation for their grain. It
necessitates a little farther hauling, but
the reduction on tonnage will compensate'
for the trouble, end in tact as it is the on
ly present means of shipment other- than
by wagons, from these points, the farm
ers should make free use of it. Quite a
number of farmers say they will com
mence delivering grain as soon as tbe '
houses can be got ready. The opening ot
the Oswego Canal, and also a projected
canal, connecting the lake and river at
Hilisboro, will insure a cheap and quick
means of getting grain into market, an
grain can be delivered on board of ships
without further expense or unnecessary
Tut: Noutii Cakoijna Fkaud. A c!?
patch f.iom North Carolina! under dafi ji
10th inst. has the following". TheCsC
rctary of State is a Radical, and' '-C
frauds must therefore be most app.vcXi"
A report has been current here t-i
evening that the Secretary of Stat: f.
North Carolina would give the certif '
of election to Merriman instead of L
well. on account of gross irregularis
the returns from some counties repOi. -large
majorities tor Caldwell. Tlieb;c
quarters of the Liberal Republicans wGC
thronged to learn it the report had be s-p.
verified. Dispatches received from fcai
eigh at a late bonr do not confirm tte
The Greeley Club is making extends
preparations for the celebration on I'.
day night. It will be celebrated V-U
Wiix Stlmi' roit Greeley. The Een'C.
Democrat says that lion. B F. HayCsn
will stump the State for Greeley eiC:
Brown. As Mr. Hayden was at Corva'i
recently we presume that tbe stateiui
is made on his authority.
Ox A Yisrr. Gen. Geo. B. McClelv
and family are on a visit to California,