Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette. (Heppner, Morrow County, Or.) 1892-1912 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1892)
The Paper. Without it advertisers get
nothing for their money. The Gazette,
with one xceplinn, has the largest circula
tion of any paper in i.'us.terii Oregon.
Therefore it ranks high as an advertising
IIEP1WER, MORROW COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 5, 1892.
Buy adcerlising space because rides are
ha -generally the circulation is a sight
lower. Circulation determines the value
of advertising ; there is no other standard.
The Gazette is trilling to abide by it.
SliM 1-WEliKLY GAZETTE.
Tuesdays and Fridays
l'illi I'ATTERSON Pl'BUSllKG COMPANY.
A' 1 3.1X1 per year, $1.50 fur six months, H.OO
for t'ltee momna; in advance.
Advertising Rates Made Known on
The uEA.O-L"E," of Long Creek, Grant
County Oregon, in published by the same com
pany every i riuay morning, ouuuvni'uuii
tirice, $'per year,
Knrndvertistnc rates, address
Xl. FA-'X'XEK.SOlT. Editor and
Manager, Uiu? Creek, Oregon, or ''Gazette,
THIS PAPER in kept on tile at E. C. Pake a
1 AdvertiniaK ARonoy,rt4 and tt& aim-chants
Kxtilmnipt, Han Fnuiciauu. California, wharo cou
tiucui for advertihiiiR can be made for it.
C. I'ENTLAND, SECRETARY OF THE
Oretron fresB AHRoeiauou, -zo ash niieei.
l.r, . ...... Wir.r ,...r oixiinI l'rt -111(1. UreiTOU. 18
our onlv aent located in that place. Advertis
er kWiUI consult him for rateB and space in
THE GAZETTE'S AG SNTS.
Hamilton, Grant Co., Or.,. . .
Canyon City, Or
John bay, Or.,
Mount Vernon, OruntCo.,Or.
....B. A. Hunsaker
. . .Henry lieppner
Oscar Da Vaul
H: C. WriKht
J. a. Woolerv
...Mattie A. Itudln
T. J. Carl
H. R. MoIIiiley
S. L. Ptirrish
O. P. Skellon
J. E. snow
F. I. MrCallum
Wm. O. MeCroskey
. . . .Miss Stella Klett
fox, urani m., ui.
Kkht Mile, Or.,
Upper Uhea Creek,
I, one Kock, Or
J. 1'. Allen
Mrs. Andrew Ashbuuirh
B. F. Hevlanii
It. M. Johnson
W. P. Snyder
. ...Herbert Halstead
W. B. Ml A lister
ANAIiEST WASTED IN EVEllV I'RKCINCT.
Union Pacific Railway-Local card.
10, mixed leaves lieppner 8:20 R. m.
jo nr. at AriiuKuwi it a.m.
" l), " leaves " 8:17 p. ni.
n, " ar. at Heppuer UKi p. in. daily
u l,rl mnin linn ar. at ArlinKtoll 8:C0 p. m.
yVest " ' " leaves " 4:0 p. m.
Night trains are rami tag on same time as before.
Stage leaves for Monntaent daily,
"excel t Sunday, etfl ;80 A. M.
5:(1(! p. m.
U nlted States Oliielaln.
Sue eta y trf S'nt.
H cn'Uiryor Tmisnry....
Swrntary of Interior... -
MiHT-tary of A'ar
'tf.'. rt'tary of Navy
. Attorney-General.... ....
t-ieirreUiry of Agriculture
Levi P. Morion
......Jcilin W. FoHt r
. ,.,.t'liarlp t'o-itt-r
J. VV. Nf.Sle
...Stephen i. Klkinn
It. F. Tracy
. , . folm WananiHk-i
,;....W. H. II . .Miller
; Jeremiah Kaek
State of Oregon.
Hncr tary of State. . ......
8npt. Puilic Instruction.
.. 8 IVnnoyer
....,;..(. W. McBride
I J. . Mrtlroy
J. H. Mitchell
J N. U .ll'U
t Binner IlHrtuann
V. U. KUis
Frank ). Baker
F. A. Moore
VV. P. ivord
11. 8. Bean
Seyfiith Judicial Uistrlir
Pr.iuppiit mr At'orney,...
W. U Hradshaw
W. U, Wiw n
Morrow County Official-.
' 'on nt y Judge....,
' Commissioners. .
. j. N. lirowil
. .. Julius Keithly
... J. W. Morrow
. .. . W. J. 1 ezor
it. L. haw
.. ..W. L.. Saline
HEPPNEB TOWN OFFICERS.
?.XilV.;,"".-".-.'."-.".:b. K. Farasworth. M
LU-btenthai. Oti. PatU-rson,. 6. V. Oarr.gaes.
Thus. wd and Frank Uilhain.
'. K. d-Hlocoui
l'raurcr rVv" RL,mlls
Mnrahal J' W.Kaainub.
Juatiea of th Peace ! J- W"1'
i:n.ti.ble J.J. "obarte
United StHteH Land OHicorH
THE DALLES, OB.
J. W. Lewis
LA GRANDE, OB.
A. 0. McClelland..
Doric Lodw No. 20 K. of P. meet ey
erv Tneday evenine at 7.80 o'clock in
' J? A u:-( 'UBtia Hull National liaok htllid-
Mi.mminff brothers .-"oMiallv iti-
Tited ti attend. EllIL VoliCZ, C. C.
g X C. ACBBET, K. of K. 4 i- - - O-
KAWL1N8 POST, N J. 81.
G. A. Ii.
Meets at Lengton. Or., the last Saturday of
.acli month. All veterans are uiv.,.
. hi on.
A A. ROBERTS, Beal Estate, Iosar-
rtllijc " " -
i Council Chambers, Heppner.Or. swtf.
JAS. D. HAMILTON.
. N. BI10WN,
Attorney at Law.
Brown & Hamilton
Practtceio all court, of the ,It. Insurance.
OrncE. Mais Btbset. HEprKra. Obwwk.
At Abrabam.icU's. In addition to bi
Hailoring buaiuew. be baa added a fine
Jine of underwear of all kinds, negligee
ibirt" hoaiery. ete. AIo h on band
.,me elegant pattern for mtg. A
Abrabamaick. May Mree. Hppnr,Or.
A Year's Subscription to a Pop
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GIVEN FREE TO OUR READERS
By a special arrangement with the
publishers we are prepared to furnish
FP.EE to each of our readers a year's
subscription to the popular monthly
agricultural journal, the American
Fabmeb, published at Springfield and
This oiler ia made to any of our sub
scribers who will pay up all arrearages
on subscription nud one year in advance,
and to any new subscribers who will pay
one yeai in advance. The American
Faiimuk enjoys a large national circula
tion, and ranks among the leading
agricultural papers. By this arrange
ment it COSTS YOU NOTHING to re
oeive the American Farmer for one
year, It will be to your advantage to
cail promptly. Sample copies can be
s en at our office.
From Terminal or Interior Points the
RAI LROAD !
Is the line to take.
To all Points Eastand South.
Hifl'thflDininffCar R'-ure. It runs Through
Veatibuled Trains every duy in the year to
St. Paul and Chicago
(No Change of Cars)
Composed of DINING CARS unsurpassed,
HUMAN DHAW1NU ROOM SLEEPERS
Of Latest Equijimenl
v.nut thut .i.n Iih pnnKti-iictcil and in which ac-
cnm nnidaiiur.H arc both iree and fnrninhed for
holders of Urat or ewsoiid-claHs tielteta, and
Elegant Day Coachs.
Continuous Liue connecting with all
Lines, affordiiiK Direct and Unintitr
rupted Service. J
Pullman Slrener Reservations eanbe
Secured in advance through.
any agent of the road.
To and from al points In Aiuer. hncla d
and Knmp ''tin be porcliaseil at any l leket olhue
n this Company.
Full information concerning rates, time
of trains, routes and other dalails
furnished on application to any
A. D. CHARLTON,
Assistant Oeneral Passenger Agenl.
No. 121 First St., Cor. Washington,
tf. I'URTl.AXI) OllKGOK
IJY si'KCIAL AHUANi.KilKsT Willi 1IIH
1) nablishers. e are able to obtalo a numlier
of tl' above bo.ik, ami prupuw to tarnish a
coiiy to eai-b ot'oiir 8iiberiber8.
i'iie dletiooarv is a necessity in every home,
school and business house. It tills a vacaiicy,
and lumiiilies Itauwledxe which no one huu
red other volumes of the choicest books could
supply. OllllKKlill OIU, eoiicaieii '""'.
rlcu aim poor, oiimhiu t,i,,c .. ....... . ,
refer to its eoutciils eery day in the year
a Hiul have as Keo mis is lean iiicviik-
inal Webster's I nalirnlceil Dictionary, wo are
able to siate we have 1, allied direct from the
... .i.n. iw,rU ti.u irt,.i that this, is the very work
complete on w hich about forty of the best years
01 tne a'.ltnor s iim; ..fiv --" ...
writlmr. It contains tne enure ihiio.iihi ? yi
about lui.uno words, incliidiiii; the correct spell-
inc derivation ami ueiiniuou oi same, imu i.
the regular standard size, eoiituiiilnK about
:l,IIH0 siiuare inches of printed surhice, and is
bound I.i cloth half morocco and sl.eeu.
Until further notice we will furnish
Fust T oany nc. uritnr .
Second To aoy tenewai subscrfBei,-"-.-
Third To any subscriber now in arrears
who pays up and one year in advance, at
the following prices, viz:
Full Cloth .bound, gilt sde and back
stamps marbled edges $:-oo.
Hal Mo occo, 'bound, gilt s de and bac
stamps, marbled edjes. $. .50.
Full Sheep bound, leather labe., marbied
Fifty cent added in all cases for express
age to Hepooer.
T-As the publishers limit :W time and
Hinder of books they will (uroli ' . he ow
prices, we advise all who desire ' ' " 1
selves of ibis ureal opportuni' 'o " to It
All who are F,J'frinK from the effects
of Yontbf.il L ,H" "f Manbood.
Failing P,-,rB Onnorrboea, Gleet,
Stricture.! Tbilisatid the many trouble
l'.i.iM, tl'B eirectai.f tiifse terrible
j. nr,J receive, FitRR op Charge.
f.11 rections how h tieat anil cure
f ire al home by rttini: to lb
fiFohSIA MKUK-'Ati AND SfllolOAL Is-
ouky, l UJ'i Market Street, San
Tlio O rlura rial
cured sr.d prevented
by !v3 prompt
Ayer's Cathartic Pills
regulate ths liver,
cleanse the stomach,
and greatly sssist
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co,
t'tforv Doss Effective.
If you t-ikepllUIt la because you have nevet
it works Rn nicfjv, clcansiiipr the Mvcr and
Kidnovs; acts us a inl!d physic without cansiuM
pain or hick ncsH, and does not stop you from
eating and working.
To trtf it is to become a friend to it
For sale by Slocnm-JohnMon DrtiR Co.,Hc-ppnei
Write for our Mammoth
Catalogue, a WKt-pajre
book, plainly laiiHtrat
m1. tfiviinr Mannfactur-
era' lowest price with
on all goodH nmnufact
uvctl and Imported Into
the United mhich.
to 6U cents on every
llnr YOU BPt'lld.
bell onlv lirst-clHHHL'oodi
I K.rocerieu. Fu mi tore
i5-2. 't..lV,i,.,. llrf finllllu
-i OIL'S. NOUOII8, HOCK'
erv. Jewelry, Hurgie
imil llunieKK. uricul
tu ml Implements; it
fact anvthwif you want.
Siived by buying of us
Send 2; cents to nay ex
uressaco on catalogue, t
rh onlv concern tha
wells at nuipufiirturers
prlccB, tillowlnir nl(J buyer tha can us rliscoum
that the inanuuicUirer (rives to the wholrU(
trade. We uaroni.e all pooda to be eqivitf
representations or money ruiniided. (Jnodfl sen;
by expreMn or in-tnf, with privilege of exaninm
ti'ouboioreyin,. K.VRPKN & V.O.,
i 122 Qui neey St., Cblcwo, HI-
7rT HEALTH RESTORER.
'dSNss USE IT!
IT 13 THE IT)! A.T, MET)TCT TTE,
tt rouses the Liver and Kidneys and Stomach,
Cures Hi-adachc, Dyspepsia, creates an Appe
tite, Purines the Impure lilood, and
Makes The Weak Strong.
llaed everywhere. 81 abottluisizforfS.
work, WfiK'-t. ami cnimut lit 'it.
ittic'td liyo uidft-N. (.- iiiiji ,' i.t
conp.-'iKind'" co w Iih jranit ri iuvil-
wl. l'rlftt "M is!t-)tiis': ii.'i-st'r. fi'j5.
Vnir ilti'ild Kyo, ivory ir.ee eu'. pair, i.inil. tJ,
iilKri or low, (115. Ordinary work, to iws, huu?. j a
or J 0 ln h, pair, II , Ivory, di.50. Finc-.r. imirhi'd
eaitljmade,60o,(ll,H.S5a pn-k. 6( puro cnt. ll'lL,
Pice ifuaranWeU. KLX bRua, &x t, tuitaK-. UU
NOTICE OK INTENTION.
Land Office-nt LaUrnnde, Or., July ' Wt2.
Notice 1b hereby Kiven that the follow! nix
n;iimd settler htin filed notice of his Intention to
make final proof In nupport of IiIh claim, nud
that Haid roof will be made before the County
Clerk of Morrow county, Or., ut lieppner, or.,
on seiteniber Jwrj, viz:
CHAKI.tS H. MYEKf.
Hd. No. Mil, for the t'x tin?.. 24, 'Ip.'i S It 28
E W M.
He names the fallowing witnewen to prove hU
continuous resilience upon and cultivation of
said land, viz:
JoHt-pfi I.uckinan, J. M. Waddcll. B. Veerkamp
and A. E. mii lib, all of Lena, Oregon.
NOTICE OF INTENTION.
Lund fiflice id I.a Grande. Or., June 1. 1'.
Noiico is hereby Kiven that the follow! un
named settler has liled notice of his intention
to make tinal proof in support of his claim, and
that said proof will be made before the
county clerk ot Jlorrow county, Oregon, al
lieppner, ureaou. on .-h-pl i.ii, ii...
' l'lTKHK gl'AIIJ.
Hd No. 407, for the n;-2 of SE!. Sec 21, and WJ4
of !4. sec -a. T) , It 27 E. W M.
He oaines the followinj; witnesses to prove his
continuous residence upon, and cultiva (loll of
said land, vl:
Elder. A.J, iJ Ki,' pi v.
r. i.T.11, um dtTT,?! inner, dreeon.
Allen Wallace a, id I'urdua Williamson take
A. CLEAVER, KcKistor
NmicE IS IIEItEIlV 'ilVES' TIIATIN PI'H
suaiicc of an order of the County Court of
the County of I liu-liainiis and slate of Oreiron,
duly made and entered on the lltb day of luly
l:a, I w ill 011 MiturdHV, the 27tb duy 01 Aiurusi,
isn'. at the hour of one o'clock 1'. M. of said day,
at the fli'iit dour of the Court House, hi Hepp
uer. in -Morrmr county and state ot Ori-atm, of-f.-r
for sale to ttie highest bidder, subject to cou
tirinarion of the court, the l.illo. lntr described
property, to-w it: I he southeast one fourth of
ec. 'Jl of to'A n.liip, 1, sour b of ranye '27 east of
the M illume! te meridian, in Morrow County and
State of t ireirnii.
'1 enns of s.ile: One half eah ou day of sale,
and balance cither cHsli. or if purchaser prefer,
mortifaire for one vear ou the premises, to draw
interest from Itida'e at the rare ol ten percent.
ler annum, purchaser lo pay for making deed
Marg aret Barbatt,
Guardian of John Henry Barratt, a minor.
Dated this iith day ol July, 1'JJ. 10-17
1'iiAL H lillS' EX A M I N ATION .
( E IS IIKHERV GIVEN THAT FOlt
f. the purpose of exu'uhi Ititf those who Ulay
nilr ll.,.,.,k.l , i.uiuli.lntf.tt fnr i-mintv cert iff.
eates s-nie diploiiias or Btarelifedlpioinas, there
house In lieppner. beuintiiujr Auir. la, l-'.iat 1
o'clock p. in. Anyone w li-bing a slate certiticate
will please apply at that time.
W. I.. SauHO, Supt
Dated July 25, 192. 511-14
! aK:1:! mJ Htl
V I L
CULTIVATION OF CORN.
Conclusions' Jlraivn from Experluiciita at
the IianaHA Station.
At the Kansas experiment station at
JIanlmttan experiments were undertaken
to determine: 1. How oft,en corn ought to
be cultivated; 2. When to harvest corn
for grnin and fodder; 8. Largt; ami small
kernels for seed: 4. Butt.'tmddle and tip
kernels for seed; 5. Distance to plant
corn for grain and fodder; 0. Distance to
plant corn for ensilujre; 7 Removing tas
sels from corn; 8. Plaster and oiluieal
as fertilizers for corn; 6. Treating seed
corn with creosote for stent; 10. Test of
varieties of corn. The results of these
interesting experiments are reported
upon in detail iu a bulletin recently is
sued. Following is a summary of the
1. The results from the experiments
with cultivation indicate that it is possi
ble to give too much as veil as too littlo
culture. The plats cultivated four times
during the season gave the best yields.
This is for a wet nenson, however; in a
dry season general experience points to
the conclusion that more frequent culti-
tion is advantageous.
3. Corn should not be cnt before it is
ripe. Three years' experiments have
given practically tne eauie results.
They indicate that there is a loss of
at least 80 per cent, in the yield of
grain when the corn is cut in the
"dough" state, and 50 per cent, when
cut in the "milk" state. The yield of
fodder, too, is greatest win n the corn is
allowed to ripen, but ii lis inferior in
quality to that cut at an earlier stage.
8. Practically the yield was the Bam'e,
whether large or small kernels were
used for seed. The small kernels aver
aged slightly less sound narketablc ears
than the large ones did, but the diuer-
ence is so small that but littlo weight
can be given it, and the deficiency was
fully made up by a greater yield of
4. In the trial of butt, middle and tip
kernels for seed, the butt kernels gave
the best yields. Only the outermost, de
formed butt and tip kernels were used,
5. The experiment of growing corn at
different distances was tried on partially
exhausted soil, and the com therefore
did not grow with the vigor it would 011
richer soil, nor yield as well. On this
soil it was found that small to medium
sorts, like the Pride of the North, yield
best when the rows are 3 feet apart and
the stalks 18 inches apart in the row,
Learning about the same, though the
best yield of merchantable corn was
reached when the rows were feet
apart and the sta'lW 0 itiJV:s in tho
row. St. Charles gave.th best yield of
merchantable corn when the rows were
3 feet apart and the stalks 20 itches
apart. Listed, the best yields were ob
tained when the rows were i feet apart
ami the stalks 8, 12 and 10 inches apart
for Pride of tho North, Learning and St.
Charles, respectively; mid She best yields
of merchantable corn when the stalks
were 4 inches farther apart, in each ca'e.
Iu general, corn growii" for tho grain
should not be planted closer than U
feet, nor farther than 3J feet between
the rows, and the stalks should be from
10 to 20 inches apart for medium varie
ties, surface planted. The highest
weights of fodder were obtained when
tho stalks were but 4 inches apart in the
6. The heaviest weight of food material
for ensilago, leaves and ears was ob
tained when the rows were 81 feet apart
and the stalks 4 inches apart in tho row.
Next to this, the best results were reached
when the rows were 8 feet apart and tho
stalks from 12 to 10 inches, or the rows
3 feet and the stalks 8 to 12 inches,
with but little choice between them.
7. There was a decided gam in the
yield of corn by pulling the tassels from
every other row.
8. Land plaster, applied at the rate or"
200 pounds per acre with the seed in tho
row, had no effect whatever on the yield
of corn. Castor bean oihiieal (pomace),
applied at the rate of 200 pounds per
acre in the row, did not increase the
yield of corn.
0. Soaking seed corn in solutions of
creosote does not prevent smut, but it
does miure the germination of the seed.
10. In a comparison of 140 varieties
tho following ten gave the best yields,
in the order named: Mammoth White
Dent, Hartman's Eariy White, Silver's
Mammoth Yellow, Mammoth Ivory
Dent, North Star, Pusa Queen, Learn
ing, Pride of Kansas, Legal Tender
Large Golden Dent, tiie yields ranging
from 80 to 01 bushels pet acre. Those
found to be excellent ensilage varieties
were Hiawasse' Mammoth, Little Bed
Cob, Mosby's Prolific and Parrinh White.
Experience In Cabbage Culture.
At. th Virflrlnb fftatlon there was test
ed last season fifteen varieties nf eah.
bage. The plants were grown from seed
started in a hotbed late in February or
early in March, and transplanted to a
cold frame about three weeks later, and
set in the open ground as early in April
as the ground was fit to work. The
growth was retarded by severe drought, i
but seven kinds were fit to cut for cook
ing on July 2. Tbey should have been
ready nearly four weeks earlier. Of
these seven early kinds the Wakefield or
Early Jersey Wakefield was pronounced
the best, having eight or ten heads fit
for cutting out of twenty -five plants, and
being the largest, weighing 2 pounds
ounces. Eighty nine plants in a
hundred formed heads. The Winning
stadt headed ninety-nino plants out
of a hundred, and the average weight
was six pounds two ounces, but was from
five to twelve days later in time of cut
ting. Cauliflowers were grown, by row
ing and setting at the samo time as the
cabbages, and the best were of Hie Early
Dwarf Erfurt type, although known at
Early Snowball or other names, accord
ing to the fancy of the seedsman or of
those who originated them by selecting
i-?ZS IN CHICKENS.
Some Approved Methods of Combating
This Troublesome Disease.
A World correspondent writes: "Ihave
never met a poultry keeper yet who was
not interested in gapes and couldn't name
a new remedy for them. There are of
course several approved methods of com
bating this trouble. That these still
continue to be recommended is pretty
good evidence that, in some cases at
least, they prove effective. As gapes
will bo to tho fore now and for some
time to coine among the young chickens,
I will mention a few of these remedies.
"One authority says: If cases occur, at
Once put fluid curlxilate, camphor or
lime in the water. If there re many
cases place the chicks in a cold pit (gar
den frame) and fumigate with vapor of
carbolic acid till they are nearly snffo
cated by the fumes. Care must be taken
to liberate the chicks at the right mo
ment or death will ensue, but if this is
well done it is an effectual cure.
Stoddard says that camphor has been
used with success given in the form of a
pea, and that alum and sulphur in the
form of fine powder blown down the
throat will destroy the worms. Lime in
the air will also effect the purpose, and
may be applied by putting the chickens
into a box covered with line muslin and
sifting line lime through this, but not so
fast as to smother the chickens.
'Another remedy is spirits of turpen
tine, a few drops at a time. By some
persons a diet of crushed corn, soaked in
alum water or kerosene, is considered
good. This last remedy does not appear
at all reasonable to me. (lappa are caused,
as every poultry keeper is likely to learn
some time in thecourseof bis experience,
by small red worms in the windpipe,
which obstruct the- passage, so that ii
nally the chick chokes and dies. To re
move the cause is to remove the disease,
and the chicken, if not too much weak
ened . will recover.
"For a few chickens, I think the feather
treatment ought undoubtedly to be called
the best and surest cure. This consists
in stripping the feather from a quill live
or six inches long to within about an inch
of the top, then double this portion over.
Wet this with turpentine a little diluted
with water, or with a mixture of twenty
drops carbolic acid to one ounce glycerin.
Push the feather down gently through
the valve of the windpipe as far as it will
go; then draw it up, at the same time
twisting it quickly around. If you have
performed the operation dexterously, the
worms, or a part of them, will come up
with the feather. It may be necessary
to repeat the process in order to get tho
worms all out. Of course this remedy
is somewhat severe on tho chicken, if
not skillfully and gently done, and it
cannot be applied to large flocks because
it requires too much time. There is, 1
believe, an absoluto preventive for this
trouble, viz., keep the chickens on dry
ground and keep the yard and houses
clean. Wt mid filth are tho greatest
enemies of the poultry yard.
A Now Era for llio Uistory of (liuuio.
When tho deposits 011 the rocky is
lands off the coast of Pern were first dis
covered, the shipments of guano were of
high quality, the average percentage of
ammonia ranging from ir.l)8 per cent, iu
the lowest sample to WM per cent, in
the highest. But there came a change,
and as tho old deposits begun to bo
worked out and newer ones took their
place there came also a reduction in the
quality, and instead of 1" per cent, to IN
per cent, of ammonia and 24 per cent, of
phosphates, many of tho shipments went
far below these figures, and where there
w.ts nitrogen equal to 10 per cent, of am
monia the sample was exceptionally
good. There are now, however, says tho
Mark Lane Express, indications of a re
vival of tho old guano days. Since tho
Peruvian corporation look tho matter in
hand a search has been made among the
thousands of rocky islands which exist
on tho west coast of Peru, where the
birds have their breeding grounds, and a
large deposit of high clans guano has
been found. As this has been found in
the rainless zono and has bad time to get
into that mature friableness which was
such a characteristic of the earlier ship
ments, tho discovery is a valuable one,
as tho shipments which have arrived in
Europe prove. Several samples havo
been taken, and these show an analysis
from 12 to 13 per cent, of ammonia, one
sample showing as high as 15 per cent.
There can bo no doubt but that these
shipments mark the beginning of a new
era iu the history of guano, and one
which will be marked once again by the
greater use of that manure.
Hero und There.
An irrigation canal is in process of
building in Utah and Idaho by Chicago
capitalists, it is told, that will irrigate
100,000 acres of land,
The New York state experiment sta
tion has been presented witli two choice
Guernsey heifers by the American
Guernsey Cattle club for experimental
Mr. A. D. Hopkins, of the West Vir-
givla agricultural experiment station,
estimates that 800 square miles of the
state are still covered by excellent block
Tho department of agriculture hiui
commissioned an agent to investigate
and reuort tiDim methods of irrigation
pniriliivnd in France. I:alv and Snain. '
Cornell university has opened a dairy
school, where cheese and buta-r making
breeds and feeding are the subjects fol
Muntii-lug the Turnip Crop.
The results of experiments with dif
ferent manures applied- to the turnip
crop 1 if 1891 at an Englbh agricultural
school farm justified these conclusions:
1. A green crop should not be grown
without farmyard manure if possible.
2. However much farmyard manure be
supplied somo artificial manure rich in
rihnvihates should be added iu order to
,ive the crop a good early start. 3. Of
ihe eeverU artificial manures experi
mented upon that, prepared as a r.pecial
turnip manure, whether used alone 01
with half a dress.ing of farmyard ruamvre,
1 gave the most satisfactory results.
AMERICAN JERSEY CATTLE CLUB.
Volume Thirty-six nf the Year Bonk ol
Running down the list of members we
see the names of noted lawyers and law
makers, preachers, editors, famous finan
ciers, doctors, farmers, governors of
states and generals of both Federal and
Confederate armies. Indeed it seems
that in the course of her career the little
brown eyed butter queen captured all
classes and conditions of mankind and a
few women, three of the last named ap
pearing on the roll, though one of the
three has since resigned. Certainly no
live stock organization iu America rep
resents more intelligence and enterprise
or so many millions of dollars in its
personal membership, and certainly no
organization of its kind has ever done so
much for the advancement of the dairy
interests of the world as the American
Jersey Cattle club.
Organized in 1808 and incorporated by
an act of the New York legislature in
1880, it has steadily grown in numbers,
power and influence each year of its ex
istence. In December last, ut tho close
of the thirty-sixth volume, the member
ship numbered 532; number of cattle
registered 03,000, of which 20,(100 were
males and (IT, 000 were females. Several
thousand have been registered since
then, so that there are now considerably
over 100,000 registered animals of both
6e.t;s. Up to the close of this volume
the aiiniissiou fees from members
amounted to over (50,000, its annual in- I
creaso from this source amouuling to
about t,'.', 000 -more than double that of
any other pure bred cattle organization.
It iias a bank deposit of $10,000, its year
ly income from all sources ($30,000) be
ing nearly if-5,000 in excess of its expend
itures. its money is used with liberality for
the advancement of the Jersey cow and
the general promotion of the dairy inter
ests of the country. At the last meet
ing the club appropriated iJlO.OtiO for its
exhibit at the Columbian fair. It is no
less liberal in its efforts to detect fraud
and to keep its record pure, its expendi
tures in that direction for one year a lone
amouuling to over (3,300, of which Bum
(2.000 was paid out in investigating the
crookedness of one member, who was
proved guilty of fraudulent practices in
the matter of registering his cuttle, was
expelled from the club and his cattle
stricken from the records. The secre
tary's office is on Broadway, New York,
in which city its annual meetings occur.
The membership is scattered over thirty
six states and territories and the various
provinces of Canada. Of the !ZM members
ninety-six have died, three resigned and
one was expelled, in order to become a
member every applicant bus to be rec
ommended by five or more members as
a careful and reliablo breeder; then if
nine-tenths of the votes cast are for his
admission he pays (100 fee and assumes
the responsibilities and receives all the
rights and benefits of membership. No
stock is issued to him, ami when ho dies,
resigns or is expelled his interest es
cheats to the club. W. Gettysin Breed
Keeping Cow. In Hlables.
In discussing the question as to the
advisability of keeping dairy cows in
the stable trom lato tall till spring, Mr
Powell said that after practicing it four
years lie had become doubtful as to re
sults and was of tho opinion that the
practice, if followed, in time will result
iu diseased joints of mature animals
and in the birth of enfeebled calves.
Mr. Ives said ho was glad to have Mr.
Powell converted to his (Ives) doc
trine. There is no doubt but a saving
of food and an increased production of
milk can be secured in so keeping cows,
but, it is not the immediate increase iu
dollars and cents alone from those
sources that we should look for perma
nent gain; especially if we are to keep
our dairies replenished with strong, ro
bust, healthy cows of our owu breeding
and roaring. Tho latter object should
be paramount ami tho first ono sought.
Mr. Powell said ho had noticed the
joints on some of his stock, particularly
tho younger portion, that were showing
signs of disease, when such stock is kept
iu the stable and not turned out till
siiring. and it could not be laid to a want
of comfort, as his cattlo are all fastened
in such a way as to be able to turn and
lick themselves whether standing or ly
ing down at all times, and hal all the
room needed In their stalls. Report in
Dairy and Creamery.
"If the cow could talk we doubt not
that she would be heard all over the
land calling for an improved breed of
dairymen." says Field and Farm.
In every case some of the butter fat in
milk is lost whether the milk is skimmed
or separated. Personal care ami exact
ness must be the factor to make this
loss as small as possible.
"I tell you this cheese business ain't
what it used to be," said a man whose
habit of slightly skimming the milk be
fore he sent to the factory bad la-en de
tected by means of the milk tost.
A handful of whole flaxseed stirred
into wheat bran slops night and morn
ing will sometimes cure a cow's cough.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
HOW TO MEASURE HUMIDITY.
Rough Test Which Will Answer All
"Humidity" is the proportion of water
in the atmospheric air. It Is measured
by percentage, 100 per cent, being tho
full amount that can be held in vapor
form without actual precipitation in the
form of dew, rain or snow. Scientifi
cally speaking, it is necessary to extract
all the moisture from a given amount of
air and weigh it in order to calculate
A rough test, however, can be made,
which will give an approximately cor
rect measurement and which is an in
teresting experiment. Partly till a thin
glass with clear water of the same tem
perature as the surrounding air. Place
a thermometer in tho water. Cool the
water slowly by dropping small bits of
ice into it, waiting until one entirely
melts before dropping tho next. When
moisture begins to show on the outside
of the glass read the thermometer again
and notice how great the fall has been
Then figure the humidity by tho follow
ing rulo: Two dega. fall 8-1 (legs, hu
midity; 4 degs. fall 8S degs. humidity,
Odegs. fall 82 to 83 degs' humidity: 7
degs. fall 79 to 80 degs. humidity; H
degs. fall 70 to 78 degs. humidity; 0
degs. fall 73 to 75 degs. humidity: 10
degs. fall 71 to 73 degs. humidity.
Of course this rule is not exact, and
moreover is only calculated on a tem
perature of 75 to 05 degs. Fahrenheit.
How to Make a llnby'a Wrapper.
A dainty present for a baby's outfit ia
a wrapper made of cheesecloth. Cut
out the wrapper, using a slip pattern,
only opening it down the front. Each
piece uinst bo cut double, but seamed
up separately. When seamed, cut cot
ton wadding to fit the whole gown and
place it between the two parts. Bind
the edges with ribbon or turn them in,
overbuilding them on the under side.
Tack tho wholo with blue or pink
worsted, and sew strings to match down
How to Keep Ynuugr ut Seventy.
When a friend asked Edward Everett
Hale for the secret of keeping young at
seventy, he said that one should never
work after 3 o'clock in the afternoon
and should sleep nt least ten hours in
Uow to Counteract the Smell of Puhit.
Place in a newly painted room a ves
sel full of lighted charcoal, and throw
on the coals two or three handl'uls of
juniper berries. Shut the whitlows,
close the chimney entrance and fasten
the doors. Twenty-four hours after this
the room may be opened, when it will
be found that the sickly, unwholesome
smell will be entirely gone. Tapestry
or hangings in a room will not be in
jured. How to Have a Table Centerpiece Al
A bit of fresh green is always a wel
come addition to a plain dining table.
This simple sort of a centerpiece can bo
kept reaily by growing some vine, 11.1
perhaps that familiarly called "Wan
dering Jew," in a roso bowl or di.,h of
How the Wurd Candidate Orlgl naled.
The Latin candes moans 1 am while, 1
shine. Among tho ancient Romans,
those who sought tho consulship wore
robes of remarkable whiteness, and
hence were called eandidali.
How to Prevent Convulsions Altera Fall.
When a child in falling has hit the
head, besides bathing the place, admin
ister every half hour a tcaspoonful of a
mixture made by putting fifteen drops
of arnica into half a glass of water. It
sometimes happetis that convulsions fol
low a blow ou the head, resulting some
times long afterward. This simple pre
scription will, it is claimed, prevent
How to Slop Pel-splnttlon.
If you are tho ow tier of hands that
perspire vulgarly try uituintiug them
with a preparation consisting of an
ounce of cologne water, a dram of
the Unci tiro of belladonna, a little glyc
erino and enough soft water to equal
tho quantity of the mixture, 1 may
How to Uemcinhcr to llo Something at a
Itisan actual fact that a man who
was apt to forget soino important duty
when tho day came to discharge il used
to write u postal cadi to himself and
mail it so it would reach him at the
right lime. It wouldn't be a bad idea
if only one could remember to write tho
How to hteam I' nod Without a Steamer.
Food can be nicely steamed by being
set in a colander over a kettle or pot of
.boiling water, the lid being put on out
side tho colander. Coarse net may also
1)0 tist'do suspend I be food over tho
How to Clean Vinegar llottlcs.
ViiP'gai' bottles may be cleaned v.itli
crushed eggshells in a little water
How lu Keep Holt Dry.
Drop a pinch of cornstarch into the
salt shakers whn it lin-ouics warm,
muggy weather and the damp fait will
not fall out properly. The cornstarch
keeps tho salt dry and will not hurt it.
llow lo Purti'y Water.
Hang a small bag of char :oal in it.