Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette. (Heppner, Morrow County, Or.) 1892-1912 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1892)
Buy advertising space because rales are
low generally the circulation is a sight
lower. Circulation determines the value
of advertising ; there in no other standard.
The Gazette is willing to abide by it.
The Paper. Without it advertisers get
nothing for their money. The Gazelle,
wilh one exception, has the largest circula
tion of any pajier in Eastern Oregon.
Therefore it ranks high as an advertising
HEPPNER, MORROW COUNTY, OREGON, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1892.
, w r
Tuesdsys and Fridays
TOE PATTERSON FLUSHING COMPANY.
ALVAll W. PATTERSON.
A' S9.00 per year, Jtl.Mfursix months, 11.0(1
for three miuiLim; in udvanee.
Advertising Rates Made Known on
The "EAO-LB," of Long Creek, Grant
County Oregon, la published by the same com
pany every Friday morning. Subscription
trice. V per year. Foradvertlslng rates, address
CIESXIfcT Xj. P.TTEES02T, Editor and
Manager, Long Creek, Oregon, or "tiazette,"
HMIIS PAl'HR ib kept on rile at E. C. Dnke s
1 Advertising Aiwnoy, M and 85 Merchants
Kxeluut , Ban Fmncisoo. California, where Co.
tracts for advertising can be made tor it.
TTi C. PENTI.AND, SECRETARY OF THE
Vj. Oreiron PresB Association, ai Ash 8treet,
between Flit-t and Second, Portland, Oregon, is
our oulv aticut located In that place. Advertis
ers should consult hira lor rates and space in
THE GAZETTE'S AG iNTS.
-Hamilton, Grant Co., Or.,..
Prairie City, Or
Cauvon City, Or.,
John Day, Or.,
P Hytrin Or
B. A. Hunsaker
.... Oscar De Vaul
H. C. Wright
J. A. Woolery
...Mattle A. Rudio
It. R. Mi-Haley
S. L. Parrish
G. P. Skellon
J. E. Snow
F. I. McCallum
Wiu. O. McCroskej'
Mount Vernon, Grant Co., Or.
...Miss Stella I'lctt
J. P. Allen
.... B. F. Hevlnnd
R. M. Johnson
. P. Snyder
. . ..W. B. McAIisIer
Fox, Grant Co., Or.,
Kitdit Mile, Or., Mrs.
tipper Rhea Creek,
Lone Hock, Or
AN AOENT WANTED IN EV
Union Pacific Railway-Local card.
No, 10, mixed leaves Heppner 8:20 a. m.
:o, " ar. at Arlington 11-fiU a.m.
V, " leaves " 3-.17 p. m.
" (I, " ar. at Heppner 'loo p. m. daily
Fast bound, main line ar. at Arlington 8:511 p. m.
West " ' " leaveB 4:0 p. m.
Night trains are running on same time as before
HEPPNER-MON UMENT STAGE.
Sluae leaves for Monument daily,
exec t Sunday, at6 :30 A. M.
Arrives daily, except Monday, at
United States Officials.
President Benjamin i Harrison
Vice-President Levi P. Morton
Hec elay of Btate John W. lost r
S-cr.-ta. y ol Treasury U"!r u?
Secretary of Interior fe" vij!,'?1?
Secretary of War Stephen B. K ki.is
Secretary of Navy . .. .H. . I nicy
Posl.naster.Ueueral John Wanan k-r
Atwrney-Ueneral W. H. 'h"
Secretary of Agriculture Jeremiah Husk
State of Oregon.
Governor -S, P.""?'
Secr taryof State . W. Mciirldc
Supt. Public Instruction h. B. McKlroj
Senators ) j' N.D .li b'
t Binger Hermann
Congressmen VV. Iv. Ellis
Supreme Judges... l&
Soventh Judicial District.
Cir -nit Judge W'vJ"2rw"!iR
Prosecui na Attorney W. H. Wilsm
Morrow County Official".
Joint Senator Henry BlackmBn
liepresentalive l- J- N-,r.0"n,
l ounty A udge " l' ' " "D ," - '
Commissioners Prfer Uiennei
Treasurer W. J. L ezer
Assessor KT- L- nnw
" Surveyor v.I?a5rVWD
" School Sup't ..W.L. Baling
Coronor T. W. Ayers, J r
HEPPNKa TOWN OFFICERS.
4iajol T. J. Matlock
t'ouncili'iien O. E. Farnsworth. M
Lichtenthal. Otis Patterson, S. P. Gamgues.
Thus, ilorgan and Frank Gilliam.
Recorder ; ; R"'r'";
treasurer E-& Blocnm
Marshal J. W. Rasmus.
Justice of the Peace F. J. Wallook
Constable J.J. Bulwrts
Culled States Land OHicers.
THE DALLES, OR,
A Cleaver Register
A. (J McCleiiand Keceiver
Doric IkmIkp. No. 20 K. of P. meets v
err Tnosaay evening at 7.30 o clonk in
., '.-. ,i. U..1I ai;.,n,l Mnnlr hlllWl.
in. Bolnttraing brothers conliallv In-
I C. ADBEKY, K. of K. a. tf
KAWUN8 POST, NJ. 31.
Meets at Lexington, Or., the last Saturday of
Thc"Kt A" 'eter"M "re -,"B-
" ' Adjutant, tf Commander.
A A. ROBERTS, Real Estate, Iosnr-
ance and Collections. Office in
Council Chambers, Heppner, Or. swtf.
BEST IS THE WOBLD,
TtawwiriDK qualtti-aare unmrvvmd. ctn"r
otulaetinBT two lw f any orber bmno
effected by heat. irGEI XII i Ota I IS
FOR SALE BY DEALERS OENERALLY. Itff
At Abrftlmmsick's. Ia uiMitioD to his
tftiloring business, be hftf added a fine
line of underwear of all kinds, negligee
shirts, hosiery, etc. Also has on band
gome fleKaot patterns for snits. A.
Abrahttmeick, May street, Heppner, Or.
fV Year's Subscription to a Pop
ular Agricultural Paper
GIVEN FREE TO OUR READERS
By a niwcial urrantjemeut wilh the
publishers we lire prepared to furnish
FEEE to each of onr renders year's
aubsoriptinn to the popular monthly
agrionltnral journal, the American
Farmer, published at Springfield aud
This offer is made to any of our sub
scribers who will pay tip all arrearages
on subscription and one year in advance,
and to any new subscribers who will pay
one year in advance. The Amf.ricak
Farmeh enjoys a lnre national oirculn
tinn, and ranks among the leading
agricultural papers. By this arrange
ment it COSTS YOU NOTHING to re
oeive the American Farmer for one
year, It will be to your advantage to
oail promptly. Sample copies can be
s 'en at our office. -
f rom Teiminal or Interior I'oiuts the
Is the line to take
fo all Points Eastand South.
It is thn Din-'nttCnr R -ntf. It j-urm Through
Veriti billed Trains every day in the year to
St. Paul and Chicago
(No Change of Cars)
Composed ol' DINING CAItS unsurpassed, ,
ITLLMAS DRAWING ROOM SLEEPERS
Cf Latest EquipmcD!
Bent that can hp cnnetrnftPd mul in which rc
com nindnuin'.8 are both iree and furnished for
holdurb of iirst or Kounnd-claHH ticket, and
Elegant Day, Coachs.
A Continuous Line connecting with nil
Lines, ntibrdiut; Direct and Uninter
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Secured in advance through
any agent of the road.
To and from ill points In Amerrn, Kngla id
anil Eump ran nt1 purcliuKed at any 1'ioket office
o ihiH Coinpuny.
Full information concerning rates, time
of trains, routes and other details
furnished on application to any
A. D. CHARLTON,
Assistant fteneral Passenger Agent.
A'o. 121 First St., Cor. Washington,
tf. PORTLAND OREGON
The - J 1 1 1
nY HI'KCIAL AK KANiiK..MKT Willi THE
I ) publtMherB. we are able to obtain a nmnber.
OI IP atmvti UiJiiK, mm luui'UBC iu luuiKiu a
copy to em-h of our snljflttriljers.
'i iie dictionary in a necesHity in every home,
school and tjHHii,eis house, ft (ills a vacancy,
and furnishes knowledge which no one hun
dred other volumes oi toe choicest oooks couiu
supply. VouiiKaud old, educated and ijniorant,
rich and poor, should have it within reach, aud
refer to iis coutenls every day in the year
As pome have asked if this is really the Orig
inal Webster's L iiabndKd Dictionary, we are
able to stale we have Uanicd direct i'rorn the
publishers the fact, that thin is the very work
complete on which about forty oi the best years
oi the author's life were so well employed in
writlujz. It comaii'H the entire vocabulary oi
about ino.uoo words, including the correct spell
ing, derivation and duhuitiou oi Bauie, and it
the regular standard size, coiaainiug about
:flju.(KHt square inches of printed surface, and is
bound in cloth half morocco aud sheet).
Until turtner notice we will turmsh this
First To any new subscriber.
Second To any renewal subscriber.
Thjrd To any subscriber now in arrears
who pays up and one year in advance, at
the following prices, viz:
Full Cioth bound, gilt side and back
stamps marbled edges $:-oo,
Half Mo occo, bound, gilt side and back
stamps, marbled edges. $1.50.
Full Sheep bound, leather label, marbled
Fifty cents added in all cases for empress
age to Heppner.
AfAs the publishers limit the time and
nnuioer of books they will furnish at the low
t.riciM we advise all who desire to avail them
selves of this great opportunity to attend to it
F8EETQ THE flFFLIGTED,
All who are stifferiui.' from the effect?
ofTontbful Errors, Lost of Manhood,
Failinfr Pownre, GnnorrboeB, Gleet,
Stricture, Syphilis ami the many trm-.hles
wbich are the effects of these terrible
disorders will receive, Fiier op Charge.
full directions how to tieut and cure
themselres at home by writmif to lb
CoLirohMA Medical and Si boical In
firmary, 1i29 Market Street, Sun
Fraucisoo, California. 405-ly.
4 w k
cured and prevented
ly the prompt
Aysr's Cathartic PHSs
regulate the liver,
cleanse the stomach,
snd ger.tly assist
Dr. J. O. Ayer & Go,
very Dos effective.
The &j1 e'Brated French Gure,
M7u;'.ed "APHFsODITINE" S
Is Sold ok a
to cure any
.form of nervoui
disease, or any
disorder of the
generative or- AFTER
Kane ol viilier sex whether arising from the
excessive use ol Stimulants, Tobacco or Opiucj.
or tli rough youthful tudiscretiou, over iudulg-em-c,
&.C., such as Ixjsi of Bra;u Power, Wakeful
neas, Bearing down Paiua lu the Back, Seminal
Weakness, Hysteria, Nervous Protratiou Nocturn
al EmisBioi). , Ieucorrbcea, Dizziuesa, Weak Mem.
ory, Loss of Power aud Imjotency( wbich if ne
glected often lead to preinatureoMaeaiid inaan
lty. Price 1.00 a box, 6 boxes for $5.00 Sent by
mail on receipt of price.
A Wit ITTEN GUARANTEE forevery J5.00
order, to refund the money if a rerma.ieiit
cure Is not effected. Thousands of testimonials
lrom old and young, of both sexes, permanently
cired by Apiikoditinb. Circular free. Address
THE APHRO MEDICINE CO.
BOX 27 PORTLAND, OR
Sold In Heppner by Slocum-Jolinstoii Drug Co.
S STOMACH, LIVER AND BOWELS,
S AND f
PURIFY THE BLOOD.
A RELIABLE REMEDY FOR
0 Indigestion, Billon ones. Headache, ConetU
pat Ion, Dripepftln, Chronic Uver Trouble,
tlMesIneM, Bad Cmpteiion, Dysentery,
. Offensive Breath, and all disorders of the
X Stomach, Liver and Rowels.
J Ripane Tabules contnin nothinp- injurious to f
z the most delicate counl itutiou. Plensant to toko, J
2 safe, effectual. Giro immediate relief. I
S Sold by druRtrlKtH. Atrial bottle sent by mall
0 on receipt of li cent. Add reus $
THE RIPANS CHEMICAL CO.
10 SPRUCE STREET. NEW YORK CITY.
KONET SAVED IS MONET MADE.
Save ir tti imi cemt. on every (J(tllnf you ppeud
Wriic fur our nwmmmh (Jalid'iuue, n (Md-paue
bonk, coiilfliiiiiieiiiUrli Hi ion ami u'ivuiglowei-l uiHn
ulacturers' prices, with miutiiliiL-luie ' (IIhcuuui
of every kinil ol piode nnd auppliea iniiuitlncuirnd
and Imported into the Untied stiuea. Uroccnes,
lloilfclttikl Good.-, Furniture, UotUlng, I.ttdles'
and Gelllf' (Jloiliiuc find Furnialiing Oottds, Dresa
lioodx, White Gtiodj, Dry U'lotla, lima, O'tips,
Itnot and Shoes, lilovee, XixIniM, Glaatwate,
S uliOTif i v, Watchea. Cloi ka, Jewelry, silverware,
lit jH ' vtti:M, Airriinilutnxl lniplem iiia, etc.
ONKV K1IIST IW.ASS UOOIH. Jlloi!Ue sent
on receiil ot ..ri cema for exprepaao-o We tire the
only concern whit li Bella til ntnuulacturera' prices,
altowini! the buyer 1 lie aamn dmeuuiu ti.l ihe
n.ttuiiliicinrer eivea to the wholeaule tiuyer. we
enatanlee all trooda aa represeuled; il not touud
ao, tnotiey reliiutictl. Goods Kent by evpreaa or
fremiti, with pt'ivileife ot e.vtiminaliou before pay
u A. KA lil'KS i CD.,
l'.' Qnincy strecl, chieiio, 111.
WE WILL PAY
A salary of $2R to S'-O per week to GOOD ape'its
to reprcKcnt tin In ov-i-v contity.niid st;ll our m-nernl
line uf Men linndir-ciil mftiHtluci.urers' prices. Osly
TIlotB WHO WAST 81ICAOV KM I'LOYM ICNT NKRD
aim. ( auloirn'' Hii'l partU-alurs (teuton receipt
ottscorexpree. KAUPiCN A CO.
1'2 Quiticy Street, tJih'.tio, J 11.
The success of this Oreat Cough Cure Is
without a parallel in the history of medicine.
AH druggists are authorized to sell iton a pos
itive guarantee, a test that no other cure can
successfully stand. That it may become
known, the Proprietors, at an enormous ex
pensed are placing a Sample Bottle Free Into
every home in the United States and Canada.
If you have a Coutrh, Sore Throat, or Bron
chitis, use it, for it will cure you. If your
child has the Croup, or Whooping Cough, use
it promptly, and relief is sure. If you dread
that insidious disease Consumption, use It.
Ask- your Drngtrist for SHILOH'3 CURE,
Pricel0cts.,60cts. andSl.OO. IfyourLunga
are sore or Back lame, use Hhlloh's Porous
PlaBter. Price 26cts. For sale by all Drug
gists and Dealers.
When "old Sol" makes all things sizzle,
Drink Hires' Root Beer.
When dull care makes life a fizzle,
Drink Hires' Root Beer.
When you feel a little dry,
When you're cross, and don't know why.
When with thirst the children cry,
There's a sweet relief to trv
Drink Hires' Root Beer.
A 2; cent Package makes five gallons.
HAHNF.s-i-SHOP, "took and fixtures. Good
business: esml.lished in the midst of a
Bmk1 fariniinf and st'K k-rhisiriK country.
Also for sale a ewl house and two lots with or
without the business froj-erty. For further in
formation address trazette, lleppner, Or. 43 tf.
SEEDING WITH CLOVER AND GRASS.
Ileury Stewart's Flan as Told lu The
Disappointing results from the sow
ing of grass 6eed, I bciicve, are due to
tho failure to cover the seed properly.
The seeds are very smtitl, but the young
plant is strong and vigorous, nnd is not
menable to the rule liud down by eomo
persons to the effect that all seeds should
be covered so many times their diameter
three, I think, is tho usual recommen
dation. Clover seed will come to the Bur
face through fully two inches of cover
ing, although there is no necessity to
cover it so deeply as that. Bnt covering
is as indispensable for these small seedl
as for oats or wheat. The same result
happens with all, when there is not suffi
cient depth of oil for the roots whe:i
the sun was up, not having any depth cl
earth, they withered away, Every pos
sible aid must be'given to reach effective
results in this work especially, which
comes at a season when the weather
may be unpropitious just, after sowing
the seeds, and one hot, dry, windy day
may kill every sprouted seed that lie"
exposed on the surface of the land, while
the seed and its young' roots, covered
with an inch of mellow moist soil, are
safe' against several dayl of the same
kind of weather.
Since I have made a practice of har
rowing in my grass anil tlover seedings
I have never had a failure.' My prefer
ence is to sow with oats', ,nd if conven
ient with millet in the latter part of
June. The present season I have two
fields to be sown wilh millet, a crop
which is excellent for this purpose and
valuable for soiling or for hay. I use
one peck of seed of each kind per acre
that is, when clover is sown with tim
othy, a mixed crop which is certainly
the best for hay or pasture of any that
is grown. With a slight sloping tooth
harrow, as the Thomas, used after the
first sown seed has been well harrowed
and the soil made quite firm, these small
seeds will rarely get more tkan half an
inch of cowing, except jn the heaped
soil between the harrow marks, and this
will soon settle down to a common level.
One thing is indispensable in this sow
ing. This is the even spreading of tha
seed. To do this is not difficult. If I lit)
seed is sown right after the harrowing
f the grain crop it is quite asy to walk
across the harrow marks yt see thj
footsteps at a distance of eijsai feet, and
quite as easy to throw the seed that dis
tance so that it will fall evenly. Tim
othy and clover sow together very evenly,
but the lightest grass seeds should be
sown alone, especially when the least
wind is blowing. Some advocate rolling
the surface instead of harrowing it. This
may do at times and on some soils, and
not at others. If a dry spell follows tho
rolling, goodby to the grass, for the sur
face dries and the young plants will not
get through the crust.
Unless the land has been well manured
it will well afford a liberal application
of fertilizer to the young grass. There
is no time when it will be more benehcial
than when the seed is just sown, and I
would follow with the fertilizer without
delay. Two hundred and fifty pounds
of the complete manure will be well re
paid by the first use of the grass, which
may be the next fall as pasture for a
flock of sheep or lambs, or the calves or
a colt. The light treading will be use
ful, and the feeding of the new growth
will be beneficial.
Cliemlcal Manure lor VegetaDles.
The special crop most largely grown
at the east end of Long Island is the
early potato. In connection with a good
soil, preferably a clover soil, the use of
chemical fertilizers is said to give re
sults quicker, surer and with less ex
pense than other manures. A Long
Island farmer says in American Garden
I work a small placo of about twenty-
five acres, and the use of fertilizers, in
stead of so much stable manure, enables
me to dispense with the services of an
extra man, and to grow more potatoes
on the same land two years in succes
sion. We do not care so much for last
ing effects; we simply wish to got our
money returned as soon as possible with
a good percentago of profit. I grow
about ten acres of potatoes each year,
one-third Ohios and two thirds Early
Rc le or a similar variety, followed the
same season by late cauliflowers and
other green crops for winter storage.
The yield from 9, acres the past season
was 8,000 bushels. One ton per acre is
the amount used for the potato crop,
with something added for the green
One Way to Dry Grain.
Where there are plenty of bins a Rural
New Yorker correspondent adviseB plac
ing in the grain bins freshly burned soft
brick that had not yet absorbed any
moisture. If tho grain is very damp
use one to the bushel and the bricks will
absorb the moisture in the grain so that
the latter will become quite dry. If no
freshly burned bricks are at hand, any
soft burned ones will do if placed on a
fire until they have become cherry red.
Let them cool, so that one can distribute
them well down among the grain. Seleci
clean bricks and brush off any sand oi
dirt that may be on them. This wiL'
do for a few hundred bushels; but larg
elevator binfuls can be best dried bj
aerating, by elevating and handling tht
An English authority, who highly rec
ommends crossbred fowls for practical
purposes, designates the following ap
For Table Fowls Indian game-Dorking,
old English gome-Dorking, Indian
game-la Fleche, old English gaine-la
For Laying Fowls Minorcas-Black
Hamburgs, Minorcas-Leghorns, Minor-cas-Houdans,
Leghorns (white prefor-red)-Black
na Lwrhoma-Bcotch Gravs.
THE BEES AND THE FRUITS.
The Honey Ilee 'ot Only Vindicated, bu
Invited Into the L''ruit Orchard.
Fruit growers have relented much to
ward the bees since the results of ex
periments made under the direction of
the United States entomologists have
shown that wasps bit open tender fruits,
birds pecked them and they cracked
under the action of the sun and rain,
the bees only coming in to utilize the
juices of the injured fruit.
But now Mr. Frank Benton says in
Insect Life that the bees have not only
been vindicated, but that in the future
fruit growers are likely to be generally
regarded as more indebted to the bee
keepers than the latter are to the fruit
growers, for the amount of honey the
bees secure from fruit blossoms comes
far short of equaling in value that part
of the fruit crop which many accurate
observations and experiments indicate is
due to the complete cross fertilization
of the blossoms by bees.
The observations and researches of
Hildebrand, Muller, Delpino, Darwin
and others, as well as the excellent ex
planation of the subject by Cheshire,
have gone far to prove how greatly blos
soms depend upon the agency of bees
tor their fertilization, and hence for the
production of seeds and fruits. The
facta they have brought forward are
gradually becoming moro widely known
among fruit growers and beekeepers,
and additional evidence accumulates.
Mr. Benton states that, there has come
to his notice a case very clearly illus
trating the value of bees in an orchard,
and the authenticity of which is con
firmed by correspondence wilh the
parlies named, gentlemen recognized in
their locality as authorities in truit cul
ture, particularly cherry glowing. The
facts are these: For several years the
cherry crop of Vaca valley, in Solano
county, Cal., has not been good, al
though it was formerly quite sure. Tho
partial or complete failures have been
attributed to north winds, chilling rains
and similar climatic conditions, but in
the miudsof Messrs. Bassford, of Cherry
Glen, these causes did not sufficiently
account for all the cases of failure.
These gentlemen recollected that for
merly when the cherry crops were good
wild bees were very plentiful in the val
ley, aud hence thought perhaps the lack
of fruit, since most of tho bees had dis
appeared, might be duo to imperfect
distribution of tho pollen of Die blos
soms. To test the matter they placed
therefore several hives of bees in their
orchard in 1S!W. The result was strik
ing, tor the Basstoru orclturu bore a
good crop of cherries, while the other
grower in .the valley who had no bees
found their crops entire or partial tail
urcs. Ill 1SS11 Messrs. Bassford had
some sixtv-fivo hives of bees in their
orchard, and Mr. H. A. Bassford wrote
to The Entomologist: "Our crop was
good this season, and we attribute it to
the bees." And ho adds further:
"Since we have been keeping bees
our cherry crop has been much larger
than formerly, while those orchards
nearest us, live miles from hero, where
no bees are kept, have produced but
ChtelieuH Hiiteht-d 111 May and .June.
The chickens of such breeds as games,
Leghorns, Polish and Hambmgs arc
rapid growers, and, if anything, Will de
better when hatched in May and June.
Vegetable nnd animal food is then very
plentiful, and nothing ia more indispen
sable in raising good stock of the above
breeds than this. The tender grass and
fat grubs, bugs and insects rush the
quick feathering chicks through the dan
gerous early period of their existence in
great shape. Unlimitod range is what
they want, and this means limited grain
food. We must develop the muscle and
bone and not the fat, antl nature's
method is the correct one. The failure
to raise Leghorn, game and Hamburg
chickens successfully is due to close con
finement and heavy grain feeding. This
is a leaf from the book of experience and
not a theory, says The Fancier's Journal,
which gives this advice:
When chickens have a free range the
grain food is best given in the natural
state, i. e., dry, either the whole grain
or crushed, according to the size of the
chickens. Whole wheat isexcellent and
so is cracked corn. A mixture of the
two kept before the chickens at all
times is the simplest and best method
of supplying food. For very young
chickens dry food answers equally well,
especially a mixture of bran, cracked
corn and rolled oats. Tho assertion that
dry bra-i causes bowel trouble is a mis
take. It is safer, especially in hot
weather, to feed it dry than scalded.
An excess of brau food, however, is apt
to prove too laxative.
Clover Hay for Sheep.
Many sheep fattencrs give their sheep
clover hay, and it iH a good food for
them. But it ought to be remembered
it contains a large percentage of nitrog
enous food matter. We do not say this
to prevent them using tho clover hay
but to remind them that when they in
crease tho quantity they increase the
quantity of nitrogen supplied, and an
allowance for this should be made
when arranging tho amount of corn or
cake. Except for this, clover hay is ono
of tint best rectifiers as well as best foods
that can be given to sheet). As a means
of lowering tho quality of the blood Ep
som salts are u mild np'-rient.
Agrieultural News and Note.
Unless you have commodious quar
ters be content with raising one breed of
Tho first shorn sheep to arrive in Chi
cago this season were received from Mis
souri. : The use of English rape ha-;, it is said,
been tried with success for fattening
shocp in Wisconsin.
Professor A. J. Cook, of the Michigan
Agricultural college, is hereafter to be
at the Pomona college, California.
The losses of sheep during the past
year throughout tho country generally
were lighter than during any recent
HOtrV TO BATHE.
Ton May Wnsh from Tip to Toe in Ten
Get enough Turkish toweling by the
yard (you can get remnants) to make
two pairs of thumbless mittens, just
large enough to slip on over the thumb
and allow the hand to stretch flat, also
a large rough towel and a generous sup
ply of tepid water, and, of course, soap,
and either another towel to 6tand on or
a piece of oilcloth four feet square.
It is very important to have a warm
room, so that the body may not be
chilled when you doff your garments.
After taking everything off, stand on
the oilcloth or towel m front of your
basin, slip your mits on, dip them in the
water, squeeze the drips from the mit
tens, soap well and rub the body all
over, beginning at the neck and ending
with the toes. Take off the mittens,
lay them down beside your basin; all
the soil of the body will be iu those mit
tens. Take your second pair of mittens,
slip them on and go over your body
again, rinsing the mittens several times,
thus: Take the soap off the arms, then
rinse, then to the waist and so forth.
Bathing thus rests aud strengthens a
After getting most of the soap off (Dr.
Dio Lewis says "it will not iujuro yon
to leave a little soap on the body; it
counteracts the oil of the skin") slip
off your second pair of mittens and rinse
them out well, then wring them as dry
as you can and rub the drips off your
bedy. The damp mitts will not only
dry the body, but it is wonderful the
friction they produce and how they open
the pores of the skin. Then dry with
the aforesaid rough towel, which seems
almost unnecessary, but that last dry
rub gives an afterglow.
How to 1'ronouncc Certain Words.
Courtesy fa lowering of the body)
Courtesy (politeness) ciir-te-sy.
Curiosity (cu-re-os-e-ty, not cnro.tity.
Diamond as spelled, not ((i-mond.
Diploma de-no-ina, not Ji-lo-ina.
Diplomacy de-j)o-ma-ey, not dip-lo-ma-cy.
Dynasty tiii-as-te, not ty-nas-ty.
How to Lay a Carpet.
Lay the linings on the floor, putting a
small tack hero and there to keep them
in place. Put the carpet on the floor,
unrolling it in the direction in which it
is to be laid. Begin to tack it at the
end of the room which iB the most irreg
ular. If there be a fireplace or bay
window in the room, tit the carpet
around those places first Use large
tacks to hold the carpet temporarily vi
place; they can bo withdrawn when the
work is finished. When the carpet is
fitted to a place, uso small tacks to keep
it down. Tack one end of the carpet,
stretching it well; then a side; then the
other end, and finally the other sido.
Bo careful to keep the lines straight and
to have the carpet fit tightly, for if it be
loose it will not only look badly, but will
not wear well.
How- to Clean an Iron Teakettle.
Wash with a damp, soapy cloth to re
move dust, and theu rub it hard with
rag dipped in kerosene.
How to Raise Water .Hies.
Sink a cask in tho ground and cover
the bottom with swamp mud, also some
peat, if obtainable Then fill with
water. The lily roots must be secured
early in the spring. Place them, as soon
as posaiblo after they arc dug, in the
earth at the bottom of the cank. By
this simple expedient it is possible to
have these hardly obtained flowers on
one's own grounds.
How to Clean Silk.
Sponge it with equal parts of black
tea and vinegar. Shako until nearly dry
and then press with an iron that is half
How to Cure Kidney Troubles.
Tho simplest remedy is to take one
teaspoonful of tincture of wintorgreen
in half a small glass of water sweetened
to taste. This should be taken at night,
threv or four times weekly, and then
discontinued for a week or two, accord
ing to I ho necessity for its use.
How to Itrlgliten Curpets.
Wipe them wilh warm water in which
has been poured a few drops f urn-"OTiia,
The Argument Used
"Y the makers
ipr nnwf1fr; tr
them off on
tney cost less man Koyai ana auoru
the dealer much more profit.
But you, madam, are charged the same price
for them as for the absolutely pure Royal, which
is perfectly combined from the most highly refined
and expensive materials. The lower cost of the
others is caused by the cheap, impure materials
used in them, and the haphazard way in which
they are thrown together.
Do you wish to pay the price of the Royal
for an inferior baking powder, made from im
pure goods, of 27 per cent, less strength? If
you buy the other powders, insist upon having
a corresponding reduction in price.
How Fnvlronment Tends to Matte and
We read iu Bell's history of the early
short horns, or us they were then called
Dnrhams, that they were first renowned
as a butter and cheese breed. In their
early days the British islanders, after
they had nearly all baen warriors, sud
denly became agriculturists. As butter
was made in excess of demand it wits
unprofitable. The people then turned
their attention to the production of beef,
and the great dairy breed of that timo
is now being bred on the lines of beef
production. So far was this carried that
cows of some strains could hardly feed
their own calves. Yet the calves made
more and better beef from coarser but
rich food, than other breeds.
This change to meat rather than to
milk production was effected with a
breed that but a 6hort time before had
been equally noted for its milk and but
ter producing qualities. Bell tells of
one cow that gave 20 J quarts of milk at
each milking; of others that gave 104
quarts twice a day on grass alone. One
cow called Bnnfoith gave 18 quarts of
milk twice a day, from which was made
24 pounds of butter a week, which at 50
cents a pound would give an income of
$12 a week. The first Duchess, the pro
genitor of a famous strain, gave milk
that made 1 ounces of butter to the
quart and 28 quarts daily. Bright Eyes,
another celebrated cow, gave 30 quarts
of rich milk daily.
In such ways are all fine breeds
evolved by the most constant care in
mating individuals best combining the
points desired. Breed in this way can
soon be formed and fixed and will as
quickly deteriorate if constant care in
breeding is not kept up. The Jersey
was evolved by constantly breeding
from the cow that gave the most and
richest milk from the coarsest and scant
iest fare. She was taught to eat every
thing that would give nutrition without
poisoning her. She could breakfast on
a salt red herring and a little straw and
dine on a little stubble from the field
and go to bed happy on a ration of tur
nips, beets, potatoes or even pea or bean
straw. On such poor faro she would re
ward her owner with the richest of milk.
The East Indian breeds the buffalo in
the line giving him the power to draw
great loads or the plow by the horns.
The Kaffir's trotter is a s! eer, bred to
travel fast at an easy gate over hot,
sandy plains with his owner on his back.
He is bred with immensely long horns,
strictly in the line of ornament, which
are carefully curled and polished by the
black dude with an. eye to successful
business ventures. The same facts hold
gc:d in the breeding of all tamo ani
mals and they all constantly tend to ret
rograde. With wild animals nature
gives the requisite enro to such points as
environment calls forth. In the wild
state tho weeding out of the faulty in
any line goes on sternly mid relentlessly,
leaving none but the absolutely perfect
to breed for any particular environment,
climate and food. The fittest only sur
vive. All ruach one certain particular
perfection. Therefore they are all nearly
the Btune form, color and food habits.
The ruffed grouse of the Eastern states
and our most beautiful little valley
quail of the older settled portions of
this Coast aro the acme of perfect, nut
ural breeding. They are most toothsome
morsels to all carnivorous animals and
with the presence of man with his gun
hunting them the few that escape must
be bright indeed.
When the mallard ducks come down
from the north every youngster quickly
finds the pot. The brighter eyed,
quicker and constantly alert ones onl;
' 'irvive. Hence tho species becomes
wilder every year. But the hungry
mallard is a stupid fowl and therefore
all will go in time.
The weevil of the beau bug deposits
its eggs in tho young beans soon after
they have formed, puncturing through
the iioil. Tho grubs or lame chango
into beetles or weevils in the beans and
livo over winter in them. Vick says
that the best way to manage is to placo
the beans in a close box or cask and
then introduce into it a cup containing a
small quantity of bisulphide of carbon,
the fumes of which, iu a few hours, will
destroy tho insects. As this substance
is highly inflammable, one should not go
near it with a lamp or candle.
of the second-class baking
inrlnrp the rlrnlrr to nncji
Royal consumers is that
,i t-v i i rr i