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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (June 27, 1889)
THE OREGON SCOUT.
JONES & CHANCEY, - Publishers
DEVELOPMENT OF AFRICA.
flow KiirIiiikI In I'orclng n I.nrco Trade
Tlio Slnvn Trnlllr.
American schemes for the- extension
of trado with Africa have not met with
that degrco of success which tlio most
sanguino lind hoped for. Not many
years ago a prominent New York mer
chant became quito cnttuisinstio re
specting the prospects of Libcrln,
winding out sugar mills, encouraging
coffee culture, and aiding in tho dopor
lation of American negroes, hut tho
so-called "republic" now exists scarce
ly in name. In like manner a steam
ship project which for a timo engaged
tho fostering interest of sovoral Now
York gentlemen phllanthropically in
clined never took a tangible form and
passed out of mind. Hut a lino of
calling vessels from Now York to Li
beria, has been maintained, and Ameri
can exports of manufactured cotton to
Africa through various channols form
a considerable item. Meanwhile En
gland is building up a nourishing
trade on both sides of tlio continent,
on tho west coast and at Zanzibar.
Trado with tho colony of Lngos for tho
year 1887 nmountcd to 1,500.000, and
it is calculated that tho entiro trado of
great Britain with tho west coast last
year amountod to tho approximate
valuo of $25,000,000 of imports and
13,000,000 of exports, comparing well
with some portions of India. At Zan
zibar, up to tho recent breaking out of
hostilities, tho wholo coast was a con
tinuous lino of British Indian trading
stations, and trading increased rapidly
to $10,000,000, the greater part of this
being In tlio hands of British subjects.
"Unfortunately," as wo aro told by
Archbishop Farrar, "this property at
tracted tho greed of certain German
julventurors," who made "bogus
treaties," claimed vast tracts of coun
try, and proceeded to lako possession,
despite tho romonstrancos of tho Sul
tan. Furthermore, according to tho
authority just quoted, "tho wholo
trado of tho coast is in tho hands of
sonio 10,000 Hrltish subjects from In
dia, including tho Ivory trado, copra,
gum opal, india rubber, hido and grain
trades. Theso British Indians havo
lent largo sums of monoy to tho Arab
ivory caravans. They havo also in
invested their profits In mortgages on
tho houses and plantations of the
Arabs, fooling quite sccuro under tho
shadow of English justice Tho Hrlt
ish Indians havo .r)00,000 of Heating
capital employed at this timo In tho
ivory trado in tho far iutorlor, and
unless some decisive measures aro un
dertaken by tho English Government
this largo sum must inevitably bo
IobU" England appears to have be
come inoxtricably Involved by joining
in an agreement with Germany to
maintain a blockade "to put down tho
slave trado," a feat somewhat dilllcult
of accomplishment whoro every Afri
can and Arab trader is a slaveholder
either in will or deed. Clearly enough,
it would now appear tho "development
of Africa." whatovor this may mean,
hasroeolved a cheek from which thoro
will bo tardy recovery. It is surmised,
however, that traders in Zanzibar,
while postponing iiulellultoly tho real
ization of hopes for tho commercial
subjugation of tho. interior lako re
gions accessible from this point may
givo a now impetus to tho Congo Freo
State and to efforts to penetrate trop
ical Africa through the Soudan. Tho
marvelous achievements of Living
stone's successor, Henry M. Stanley,
of whom full advices havo just coino
to hand, invest tho subject with a new
interest. Iron Ago.
I'iiIko MiUichN of Intrllcrliml
nail Plural Tmluliijr.
Tho procoss of forming tho statue
that shall waken tho admiration of the
beholder ages after tho hand of tho
artist has moldered to duct, Is slow.
Suppose tho object ho to reproduce In
marblo tho features of a distinguished
statesman. A model in clay or gypsum
is first formed. Thou, by a slow and
toilsome process, requiring the accu
rate measurement of lines and angles,
tho features of the model aro trans
ferred to enduring marble. Such Is
tlio course pursued by tho true artist.
A novice may pursue a different
course lie miiy commence at once on
tho block of marble. Hy tho direct
Application of tho chisel ho may, In a
bliort time, fashion the rude outline,
of features bearing sonio resonibluneo
to those designed to ho commem
orated. Hut he can go hut little
further. Ho can never reach tho per
fection which tho artist uttnins by
obedience to the rules of his art.
Processes anahigousto these nmy ho
-pursued in the cultivation of the mind.
Thoro is a process of patient culture,
a toilsome formation of habits which
do not admit of direct application to
practical life, which, though slow, aro
necessary to tho development of the
higher forms of intellectual life and
of intellectual power.
Thoro is a procoss which rejects a
large portion of this disciplinary toll,
and alms at Immediate results. Thu
pupil at first seems to make rapid pro
grots; hut his progress is soon arrest
ed. It is showy and limited. It can
never ho carried far.
Tho educator should take as much
pains in forming u mind as tho artist
takes in forming a statue. If time and
toll aro nocossary to tho perfection of
a stutuo which Is to onduro for ages,
then timo and toll may bo nccossary to
tho perfection of tho soul which is to
diro forovGiN, Y, Led go r.
CANADIANS DON'T LIKE IMPORTED
A Monument Erocted A Printing Office
to Cost $l,COO.OOO-The Crontn
Murder Smallpox Increas
ing Land-Tax Party
Smallpox is increasing at Minneapolis.
Pittsburg is filing and filtering its
Foreign capitalists arc buying New
York real estate.
Tho Miller's National Association is in
session at Milwaukee.
California sent 3,500,000 pounds of
honey to Euroini last year.
The Canadians aro beginning- to pro
test against imported lalxir.
Unlicensed Baloons and breweries have
to close up in Philadelphia.
Over fifteen inches of rain have fallon
in Baltimore in two months.
South Dakota will bring into the Union
an organized Land-tax party.
The Scnnto Committee on our relations
witli Canida, isatMinncajoliB.
Developments in tlio Cronin murdor
are slowly coming to the surface.
A Kansas bride received a barrel of
salt as one of her wedding presents.
A recent cold snap injured tho cran
berry crop in Plymouth county, Mass.
J. B. Wellington was shot by Dr.
Stewart at Clay Center, Kan., last week.
Members of lioth parties are interested
in tho high-license movement in Balti
more. At Helenwood, Tenn., the 11th.. two
murderers were takcu from tho jail ami
Tho Grand army men will not obtain
tho rates hoped for to their annual en
campment. S. E. Fields, a Georgia Senator, was
killed by hiB stepson, at Dalton, Ga., on
tho 11th inst.
Tho Connecticut legislature has passed
a bill forbidding the issue of free passes
The tournament of tho American
Shooting Association, opened at Cincin
nati on the 11th.
Thero has been a little breo.o in New
York over the cutting down of trees in
the Central Park.
Miss Emma Bond of Taylorvillo, III.,
notoriety, lias been married to a Mr.
Justus of Helper, Kan.
General Meado suggests that the old
battle flags bo hung around the pension
building at Washington.
Two men guilty of murder, robbery
and arson aro reiiorted to havo been
lynched near Knoxville, Tenn.
AtTopeka, Kan., recently, Karl Hoha
mann, a wealty farmer, strangled his
wife and then hanged himself.
Friends of tho late President Arthur
havo erected a handsome monument
over his gravo in Albany, N. Y.
A new underground light, operated by
compressed air, is to bo introduced in
tho zinc mines at Friedensville, Pa.
The merchants of Johnstown Pa., on
tho 12th, opened their places of business
for the first time since the great flood.
"Another Pig in Clover" is tlio way a
Mississippi Democratic paper put it when
a nogro was appointed postmaster of tho
Boone, Iowa, after an unsatisfactory
experience with electricity for street
lighting, now talks of establishing gas
Tlie Interstate Railroad Association
has reduced bulion froiglits from Utah
pointsto the Missouri river from $15 to
$i;i per ton.
Hatfield, Mass., is to have a big time
on September lllth, that day being tho
212th anniversary of the Indians attack
on that town.
A numbor of tho steel and iron manu
facturing companies ot New Jersy aro
said to bo considering a removal to Chat
Tho reported death of Colo Younger,
the notorious outlaw, who is now in tho
Stillwater, Minn., penitentiary, is with
Tho temperance people of Maryland
havo doterinincd to make a vigorous
movement to procure tho enactment of a
At Pittsburg, Penn., lightening twisted
a liul's head around to one sido on his
nccK, and tho doctors havo thus far been
unable to get it back again.
Joseph Pulitzer, proprietor of tlio New
York World, last week entered plans at
the Bureau of BuiMines for a Ll-story
printing otllce, to cost $1 ,000,000.
'CI... W'om.ilnir 'IW r'x tnriul Kimrriimt
court has decided that tho owners of land
may fenco the same, even if so doing
thoy inclose government or public land.
This decision will be appealed.
Itnuifiicln Martinez, one of tho most
imlnrimiu ilinmnlclo that OVCr infested
tho frontier counties of Texas and Now
Mexico, was arresL'd at Bio (.ramie City,
Texas, on tlio i;un.
Hv.millinniiirit Nathan Corwith. of
Chicago, tiled In iKivorly in that city on
Mitv 2.Sth. He made Ins money in Chi
cago real estate and lost it all in a lump
in an attempt to corner inu icau inarKci.
Tlio new journal for colored people,
printed and culled by coioiouincji, which
has just made Its appearance in Charles
ton, S. 0., starts oil' well. '1 ho editor
projxjscs that social questions bc kept
entirely out of politics.
Tho International Typographical Union
which closed its session at Denver, Col.,
last week, selected Colorado Springs, Col.,
as the place for the establishment of the
Printer's Home, eighty acres of land
huvlng lieon donated hy Mr. Sessions, of
that city, for tho purpose.
Much indignation has 1hoh excited at
Fort Dodge, Iowa, liecauso cows havo
lceii given the lllierty of tho streets.
Ktcry Alderman who voted, for tho ordi
nance litis Im?i ostracised, lwth Bochilly
and in u business way, and they haw
been aenmndod with cowbells.
English Ironmasters Rejoicing A Rlso
of 30 Per Cent in Hotel Rates In
Paris A Secret Treaty.
The Shah is in Berlin.
The average rise in hotel rates in Paris
is 30 per cent.
Two-fifths of tho House of Commons
Gladstone spoke at a Liberal meeting
at Weymouth, last week.
Mrs. Mackay and her daughter, the
Princess of Colonna, are in Paris.
The president of Paraguay now want
to spend $50,000 to encourage European
An interesting long-distance telephono
experiment is aliout to be tried between
lvondon and Paris.
Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria has
requested tho Shah of Persia to K)stpone
his visit to Vienna.
Tho Duko of Portland was married in
London last week to Miss Delias Yorke,
a Lincolnshire beauty.
A confirmation dress was recently de
scribed by a French fashion paper as ex
A new agricultural machine distributes
manures and insecticides, and sows grain
hy means of an air blast.
Tho death of the author of "Don
Quixote" is still religiously commemo
rated by his countrymen.
Advices from Japan report the burn
ing of 1000 houses and the loss of many
lives on May 3d, at Yokoto.
It is pioposed to keep the Paris cxpo
sition open for a year with the exception
of tho tlireo winter months.
The deepest artesian well in Kussia
open witli a depth of 20!)0 feet. The
sinking operations took two years.
In 1888 the Italians residing in France
numbered almost half a million, having
increased 76,000 from tlio previous year.
The Russian vemment proposes to
take slops for rendering the rivers of Si
beria navigable and connecting them by
Tho Vatican has decided that the as
tronomical observatory is to bo begun at
once, at an estimateil cost of 1,000,000
Tho prospects of the Icelanders aro so
bright this season that it is thought tho
flow of emigrants from the island will be
General Boulnnger's second daughter
is to bo married to a son of tho Countess
of Barl, sister-in-law of the ex-King of
Tlio American Methodist Mission has
arrived, it is stilted, at Tschomubiri, on
the Upper Congo, where it is forming a
English ironmasters are rejoicing over
tho discovery of new sources of supply
for Bessemer ores in Spain and Swedish
Tho German Crown Prince the other
day received a little roan pony as a birth
day gift from his great-grandmother, tho
Tho Queen does not approve of Princo
Edward's courtship of his cousin, the
Princess Victoria, but she has not yet
vetoed the match.
It is estimated that -100 natives were
killed in a recent tight in Zaadani. The
bulk of the party destroyed belonged to
the British Indies.
Miss Jane Cohdcn, the first woman
elected County Councillor in England,
is barely thirty-live years old, hut her
hair is snowy white.
A circular has been issued to French
prefects instructing them to use their in
fluence to prevent skilled laborers from
leaving the country.
Several tribes in Morocco havo rebelled
against the Sultan. The rebels have made
prisoners of a number of officers and
threaten to kill them.
Tho riding habit and hat of the Gor
man Empress at the grand review in
honor of King Humbert were white and
Andrew Carnegie has forwarded 25
as his subscription for tlio flags which
are to be unfurled from the field of Ban
nockhurn on the 22d of June.
Guidon is declared more crowded than
Paris. It is dilllcult to get a bed any
where. American visitors overrun the
hotels waiting for the Derby.
Bellini's piano, o i which he composed
his earliest operas, h is just been toiiiid
in the possession of a lady at Catania,
whose husband bought it forXl 10s.
Font teen thousand uiris are attending
tho London School Board Cookcrv cen
ters. Still further facilities for increas
ing this number aic now being made.
Consumption in the German Army is
greatly dreaded by tho authorities, since
tho recent Parisian Medical Congress pro
nounced that the diseaso was contagious.
Tho agitation in connection with the
scheme for improving tho condition of
the pcoplo of the West Highlands and
islands of Scotland continue and inten
sifies. The Berlin Conference met last week
for the last time, it has been settled
Mm llin iiliu'linn nf tlin natives will be
held soon after Malietoa has lecn rein
The agrarian agitation, which Is a re-
unit of tin. niilrwiiri.ml miunrv III till' agri
cultural districts of ltaly.'has now spread
to several provinces, ami parucuian.v u
A rciH)rt from Sumatra states that tho
volcanic crater on the west coast of tho
island, which has been quiet for several
centuries, was active during tho middle
iiii-v In KtH'liiiiil milks next to
a high caiine. If a member of Parlia
ment loses Ills property and bo adjudi
cated a bankrupt, ho at onco loses his
seat In that august uotiy.
IV.,, Inin 'nrrlll. called lllO Spanish
Victor Hugo, is to lie crowned Poet Iau
roato of Spain at his approaching six
tieth hirthdav. Tho ceremony is to take
placo at tho Alhtinibru Palace.
Mrs. Thomas Tennant, eowhlded Miss
1I., U ..I U.iW 1 uL-it mi tln nth. Mrs.
Tennant had just returned troin Europe
ami loiind lie.r unsimnu nan iniuau-uvu
his aU'ectioiiH during her absence.
THE PACIFIC COAST.
A CONCERT AT THE MORMON TAB
ERNACLE, SALT LAKE.
Experimenting In Mines Mold on Grapn
Vines Fire-Damp Exploslon-A
Ferry Boat Sunk A Mur
derer Arrested Notes.
Anaheim complains of many burg
laries. Merced's popular drink is buttermilk
Travel over the Oregon road is very
The Tehama Board of Trado lias chosen
officers for tho ensuing year.
George Ilahn suicided at Golden Gate
Park, San Francisco, last week.
A new postoflice has been established
at Vallo Vista, San Diego county.
T. D. Featherly, a cigarmaker at Butte,
M. T., committed suicide on tlio 9th.
Mold has appeared on tho grape vines
in some parts of Sonoma county.
The jury in the Hildreth stage-robbery
case at Fresno has failed to agree.
John Fitzmaurice, a native of Vallejo,
was drowned at Portland last week.
C. G. Harrel, 00 years of ago, was
drowned at Vancouver, W. T., last week.
William A. Martin was drowned in
San Francisco, last week, whilo bathing.
Henry's stable and six horses at Fresno
were burned on tho 8th by an incendiary.
The jewelry store of T. It. Iledfield, at
North Yakima, was burglarized on tho
Irrigated alfalfa land in Tehama county
turned off sixteen tons of hay to tho acre
The annual encampment of the Sons
of Veterans began at Sacramento the
O'Connor defeated Lee in a race on
Salt Lako, on the 0th inst. The water
Tho amount raised in San Francisco
for the Johnstown and Seattle suli'erers
John Pillot, an official of the South Pa
cific Coast Road, died at San Jose last
week of apoplexy.
Seven horses and mules and a calf
were burned in tlio qurtermaster's corral
at Fort Seldon, N. M., the 9th.
Bob Campbell, or "Three-fingered
Jack," killed Hugh Boyd, near Acton,
Los Angeles county, on the 8th.
The ferry boat plying across tlio upper
Cohunbia river at Vonatehee, drifted on
some rocks on the 9th and whs sunk.
C. E. Jones, the proprietor of a shoot
ing gallery on Catalina Island, ac
cidentally billed Miss Eva Bock, recently.
William Lubreck, who killed Thomas
Jones at Needles, recently, has been ac
quitted, lie having acte I in self-defense.
George Uhorcr, of Pomona, Cal., in
tends to dry his prunes this year and
ship them to St. Louis in white cloth
Ono of the bunco men who robbed ox
CongresHiiian Haskins in lx)B Angeles,
has jumped his bonds, which arc worth
less. Pasadena, Cal. lias asked for some ar
rangement by which she can connect her
sowers with" the Los Angeles outfall
A monster concert took place in tho
Mormon Tabernacle at Salt Lake last
wesk, for the benefit of the Johnstown
Mary Ann Loup, aged fivo years, while
asleep on the ImiiKs of tlio creek at
Alviso, fell into the water and was
The work of clearing away tho debris
of tho burnt district in Seattle", preparitory
to rebuild the city, is being pushed a's
rapidly as possible.
A cavc-iu occurred in the Pioclio Con
solidated Company's Raymond it Ely
mine, at Pioeho, Nov., in which David
Davis lost his life.
The political guillotine took from the
.wt.iit.tfitiiin ill V.. 11 Vi.vlifl tlio llO'lllanf
J.... ...... .... . " v i ......v.k. u.
eight old employes, on the 8th. Santa Fe
people were surpriseu.
V II Mills of Tis Amnifl. CnL. at
tempted to build a houso in tlio middle of
one of tlie main streets ot tuo city, out
was stopped by the police.
One ot tlio party of the Oak-Villard com-1
hination while at Tacoma, said that the
Union Paeilie roatl is to go to tacoma
over the Norther Pacific track.
A n nviiliininn nf tin'. (l:iiini did much
damage in the Carbonado coal mine, near
Tacoma, V. T., on tlie 10th. A miner
named David hvans was killed.
The annual election of directors and
otlicors of the California Central and
Southern Railroad Communes, comes oft
on the 18th inst., at Ijos Angeles.
Lieut. Frank Reeves Heath. U. S. N.,
one of the survivors of tlio wrecked man-of-war
Vandalia, tlied at the Maro Island
naval hospital, Sun rrancisco, l-'tli inst.
Twenty-two cases of insanity havo
been brought bofore tho JudgoatTacoma
since last March, and half of the cases
are of persons who came from the Last.
James Killdutr, a slate roofer, feel from
the roof of the big hotel at Portland, last
week, a distance of seventy-live feet, and
singular to relate, escaped with his lifo.
The l)s Angeles Supervisors havo re
solved to yty from tho county treasury
the oxiK'iiso of introducing more Austra
lian Iml v.iitii'n tn fh'ht tlio si-all) on fruit
...... . .o- - n -
W. W. Rice, while running a mowing
machine on iiio foothills back of Dinuba.
Tulare, was arrested last week on a
charge ot committing murder in i.tncoin
At tho closing exercises of St. Helen's
Hall Seminary for Young Indies, last
week, at Portland, Miss Ella 1 Uracil and
Miss May Goldsmith, of that city, gradu
ated with' high honors.
The ship Hagurstown arrived at San
Diego on t ho nth, from Newcastle, 119
days out, witli coal for Spreckela Bros.
Thu ship is almost without rigging, hav
ing been in two hurricanes.
HOMP. A NO KAItlt.
Stock Feed Tho Potato Beetle How
to Destroy Crab Grass Roots for
Fo-ding Roadside Trees.
One of the essentials of soiling is a fer
Everj farm ought to havo its experi
A rod of barbed wire, in place of a box,
protects trees against horses and small
Thin out all surplus plants in the hot
beds if they are crowded, and those re
maining will become more stocky. Tlie
hotbed may bo left open during the day
at this season.
Tho best food for making hens lay is a
pound of lean meat, chopped fine, given
three times a week to a Hock of twenty
hens. But very little grain is required at
Corn Pudding: Two cups of canned
corn, one pint of milk, two eggs, salt to
taste. Beat the eggs until very light;
add tho other ingredients j put tho mix
ture in a buttered pudding dish, and bako
about forty minutes.
The fall colt can Ikj turned on tlie pas
ture, and will cost but little. A mess of
oats at night, with hay, is all it requires.
Mares intended for spring work should
always foal in tho fall in order that the
colt may be weaned in spring.
Sorrel thrives at this season and crab
grass later on. Keep it down at all costs,
in order to lessen the number of plants
next season. When crab grass appears it
is easily destroyed when young. Con
stant cultivation is tlie only remedy for
If you have any corn fodder the sheep
will pick it over and clean the stalks. If
the fodder is bright and clean all classes
of stock will relish it If tlio fodder is
run through tlie cutter and the stalks
crushed by the cutter there will bo but
The clover field'is the place for the pigs
that havo been weaned. They will need
very little oilier food. A mess o
skimmed milk, or buttermilk, witli a
small quantity of ground oats at night,
will cause the pigs to grow rapidly if they
havo the run of clover.
The potato beetle will attack the egg
plant in preference to anything else, and
unless some plants are carefully watched
and tlie beetles picked oil' they will des
troy tho plants in less than a day. To
save the plants they should lie examined
two or three times a day.
When many wanto sell is a good time
to buy, and when many want to buy is a
good timo to sell ; for many sellers make
good prices, followed in due season by
small supply and good prices; and niany
buyers make nood prices, followed in due
season by large supply and low prices.
Thero is no color on tiio horse which
is so insensible to the heat as the sorrel.
There is seldom any coat so silky or re
sponds so quickly as the sorrel. But
more important still, there is seldom any
horse witli such sound feet and limbs, or
possessing tlie endurance of the sorrel.
When cultivating the ground to destroy
the grass only a few inches deep wiil
suffice. Ono inch of soil, kept fine, on
tlie top, will serve as a mulch, and in pul
verizing it the grass and weeds will be
killed. Never let the ground become
hard and crusty if there is a probability
of a dry season.
Should cheese puff up during curing it
shows that the gas is generating too fast
and tho room lias boon too warm. Tho
cheese thus pulled up should lie removed
to a cooler place, and, as a last resort,
should be pricked to allow tho gas to
escape. A good cheese may be sjioiled
by not receiving good attention while
Glaced Beef: Set the beef that has
been kept from the soup to glace in a
moderate oven for alwut an hour, taking
care to baste tlie surface once in a whilo
with tlie broth and somo condensed beef
buoillon ; drain on a dish, take oh" the
fat, strain and reduce the liquid to tlie
consistency of a deini-glace sauce with a
littlo aioro" broth ami two ladlefuls of
tomato sauce. Put some mashed potatoes
on a round platter, set the beef in tho
middle, iour some of the sauce over, and ,
Butter or string beans, if cooked and
pickled according to theso directions, are
delicious. Wasii tneni ami steam ineni
until they are tender, but not soft ; put
them into a jar and pour hot vinegar over
them ; sweeten the vinegar ami season
highly with cinnamon. Another way
equally excellent hut which gives a dif
ferent llavor to the pickles, is to boil
tlictu in salted water until tender; then
pour over them tlie hot vinegar which
has been sweetened, and in addition to
tlie cinnamon lias a liberal allowance of
pepper; cayenne or black may be used.
Every farmer should himself under
stand grafting, and be able particularly
to do it. Tlio art is simple and easily
learned. It mav not always pay tho
farmer to tlo all tho largo jobs of grafting
that ho has to do, since his own time
may ho worth more at something else.
But it is the littlo jobs, tho setting of
half a dozen grafts not worth sending for
a professional grafter to tlo, that thus are
neglected'from year to year, simply be
cause no ono is at hand to do ho work.
Professional grafters make good wages
setting grafts at so much apiece. Most
of tliein havo an assistant who saws otl
tho limb to be grafted, whilo the grafter
llts tlio scion to the cleft which ho makes
and covers the wound to exclude air.
This and connecting the scion with the
outer wood ot tho branch is all tho art
thero is in grafting.
Trees by Roadsides; There is two
sides to tlio roadside question. Thoy aro
ornamental, but in early spring it-y of
ten shado thu rwulso as to keep it muddy
after places moro exposed to sun and air
havo dried up. Besides, the trees aro
often in the way of needed road Improve
ments, and it is hard to go around or re
move them. Then if grain or root crops
aro grown in adjoining fields their roots
draw their moisture from so long a dis
tance that tho crop near the fence is not
wortli cultivating. A row of trees planted
close enough to tlio lino to make a tencoof
damages a farmer in ono crop moro than
enough to build an excellent fence. So
whctlier trees should this spring be
planted along the roadside must bo com
plicated with tho further question wheth
er in after years the farmer or his sons
can atl'ord the expense of keeping up the
MEN OF INTEGRITY.
The Kind of n Itepiilatton Which II!p
One Over Manv Hiinl l'lncr.
"Why is It that it is the good men
who go wrong?" asks an exchange.
This question is of muoh of tho sama
stamp as ono that was formerly cur
rent: "Why is it that ministers' sons
aro so often scapegraces?" The latter
has been shown to bo grossly unfair in
its implication that ministers' sons
aro. as a wholo, unworthy of their fa
thers and of tholr training. Tlio re
verso is tho case. There are excep
tions, but theso aro raro in comparison
with tho numbor of sons of ministers
who are useful and honored citizens,
many of them pursuing the noble call
ing of their fathers.
So when wo are asked: "Why is it
that it is the good mon who go wrong?"
tho answer is that tho Inquiry is mis
leading. Men who aro reputed to bo
good do go wrong In many cases, but
theso are fow in comparison to tlie
number of reputed good mon
who do not go wrong. It is
no surprise when it is learned
that a man who does not bear a good
name has done something dishonest or
unworthy, because in this case tho ex
pected happens, and there is not a "go
ing wrong," but a further pursuit of it.
Tlie good man by repute and the hot
ter he is reputed to he tho moro iiir
pnso and shook if ho does not bear out
his reputation is the one who is trust
ed, and when we hear of one who has
proved faithless, it shows that his rep
utation was not deserved, or that his
moral fiber has not been tested. Tho
man who is upright and honest hon
est with himself as well as toward
othors does not go far wrong in his
A reputation for integrity is one
which no man can afford to ho with
out. But the reputation is not thu
main tiling. This is to desirve it. It
is won by right doing, and is kept in
tho same way. Onco established it is
tho host lotter of credit a young man
can have. Without it ho can not hope
In most cubes men of strict integrity
have had it impress'jtl upon them in
their youth that honesty can not bo
disposed with. Too great stress can
not bo laid upon this truth by all who
havo dealings with the young. Temp
tations to be dishonest should be as far
as possible removed from tho path of
those whoso characters are not fully
formed, and thoe who aro older and
wiser should by friendly counsel aid in
firmly fixing right ideas in tlio youth
Parental laxity is to blamu if a
young woman begins work with a
vague notions of what honesty menu.
Too many parents sadly neglect their
duties in this particular. They do not
oversee their children as they should
or hold them to a strict accountability,
but faults are glossed over or are not
seen. Parents should not be harsh
and exacting, but they should train up
children in the very way they should
go. The honest boy is father to tho
honest man. Detroit Free Pros.
Iiitriitloinil I inpnrfVctlnin liitrmliirnil In
to tint I'iocos ol 'f'lii'ir Miinitriirt urn.
But the glass-worker has only begun
his work when ho has the molten
"metal" simmering in his crucibles. It
must undergo many subsequent manip
ulations bofore it is available for tho
purpose of art. Some of these, from a
technical point of view, some retro
gressional. It has been found that the
rich color effects in glass of tho middle
ages aro largly duo to the imperfec
tions in the material. Its lack of ho
niogenootisiioss, its unequal thickness
and uneven surfaces contribute largely
to its beauty. The modern product is
too uniform to bo brilliant; it trans
mits the light with too groat regulari
ty. Intentional imperfections arc,
therefore, introduced into the process;
and the products, in consequence, aro
much more satisfactory to tho artist.
This work of individualizing tho prod
uct has now been so far systematized
that several special brands of art
glass are recognized in tho markets.
Tho so-called antique glass in both
while and colors, is made precisely
liko the ordinary sheet window gin-,
except that tho surface of the glass is
made full of minute blow-holes, which
produce almost an aventurine effect,
and add greatly to its brilliancy. In
the cathedral glass the surfaco is ren
dered wavy and iinevon, so that the
transmission of light shall be corn
spoiidiugly irregular. In thu flash
glass ordinary shoots aro covered with
a thin plating of colored glass, a
process which permits a very dolicate
color tone, and materially decreases
the expense, where a costly glass,
such as ruby, Is needed to give the
color. But in mosaic work it is now
generally preferred that tho glass shall
not bo at all transparent, since the
Hl'eet is much richer. Tho most ol
the glass is thoroforo cast, the process
being a repetition in miniature of thu
casting of rough plato. Prof. U.
11. Henderson, in Popular Science
Summer in the Country.
"Whoro shall wo go for tho summer.
Henry? Havo you thought any thing
"No. not yet. How would you llku
to go Into tho country, again?"
"Well, perhaps that would do."
"I'll toll you what; let's stay at
home. Leave tho sereons out of thu
doors and windows so as to havo plenty
of mosquitoes, get a poor cook and an
impertinent waitress, make tho bod?
up as hard as a board, get a spavined
old horse and a carry-all with otitl
springs, and wo can havo all the ad
vnntagoa of country Hlo without guititf
cut of town." Chicago Herald.