Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Liberal Republican. (Dallas, Or.) 1872-1??? | View This Issue
!"i!umjtaa!JRJSJ'!nunj.miM Jui.jg.jtiL jkljlj'J
&'. : 1 5-'' '.. ; , k .
VOL. 3, XO. 30.
DALLAS, OREGON, SATURDAY. OCT. 5. 1872.
WHOLE NO. 135.
Slit ' tra ! 3) cpu 61 i tan
IsIssued Ever Saturday Morning, at
Dallas, 'Polk County, Oregon.
P. C. SULLIVAN PROPRIETOR,
SINGLE COPIES One Year, $2 00; Six
Months, $1 25 Ihree Months, $1 00
For Clubs often or more $1 75 per annum.
Subscription mutt be paid $trictly in advance
One square (lOlines orless), first insert'n, $3
Each subsMuent insertion 1
A libfal deduction will be made to quar
terly andTyearly advertisers.
Professional cards will bo inserted at $12 00
Transient advertisements must be paid for
in advance to insure publication. All other
ad rercising bills must be paid quarterly.
Legal tenders taken at their current value.
Blanks and Job "Work of every description
furnished at low rates on short notice.
JOURNAL, is in every respect a Firt
Class Magazine. Its articles are of the highest
interest to all. It teaches what we are and how
to make the most of ourselves. The informa
tion it contains on the Laws of Life and Health
is well worth the price of the Magazine to every
Family. It is published at 00 a year. By
a special arrangement we are euablcd to offer
the pHREtfpioei'cAi. Journal as a Premium tor
a new mbscribers to the Oregon Republican,
or will furnish the Phrenological Journal
and Oregon Republican together for $4 00.
We commend tho Journal to all who want a
When I was honored with a scat in the
Senate of the United States I expected
to support the Administration which
then came into power. The tasks it
was called to performed were of unu
sual importance. The civil war was
over. Its logical results, the abolition of
Slavery and the organization of free
labor society in the South, were just
beinir reduced to political form and im
bedded in the Constitution of the Kc
' public. It remained to fortify those
results by reconciling to them the
minds of the Southern people, so that
their development could be se
curely let t to the working of local self
government instead of tho rule of
force. To this, end a wise and goners
ous policy, appealing to the best
instincts of human nature, was required
to assaugo the passions and animosities,
the war had left behind it, and to make
those, who had been overcome in the
conflict of arms as much as possible
satiified with the new order of things.
During a period of great public danger
the constitutional restrictions of power
had Dot unfrcquently yielded to
commanding necessity. The law had
been overridden" by the exigencies of
the moment and the people had .become
accustomed to a government of force.
It was necessary to restore tho integrity
of the law and make it respected by
the governing (party as well as those
who were governed. Great abuses had
crept into tbe public service, aggravated
by the practices of warlike times. The
pubJiC' iaterest imperatively demanded
a thorough reform. The people were
loaded down with enormous burdens,
and,1 'while willing to bear all for their
country, they looked for reasonable
relief through a sound financial policy.
THE ADMINISTRATION'S EXTRAORDI
NARY OPPORTUNITIES AND EXTRAOR-
While these problems were uncom
monly j perplexing, the incoming
Administration was favored with
extiaordinary opportunities. The ruling
party" had wielded almost undisputed
power. It had a great history behind
it fronrwhicb it might have drawn- a
nobleinspiration for new efforts, aiming
at something higher than selfish advan
tage. 4hatl conquered under the
banner? of peace. There was an
abundance of character and talent in
its rnjS'tO;fitit for the work of reform.
The newly elected President had the
confidence of the country in advance.
ThA massfis of tho neonle were wnll
disposed, The greatness of tho task
to bo performed as well as of the
possibilities'; presented, could scarcely
fail to excite, the .noblest ambition. A
success great enough; to be tho envy of
the world was within reach f It did
not require very great, men to see and
appreciate . such, opportunities, but it
required what I might call the genius
of snvillncs3 Jo lose, them all. ,; More
thanatico Vcars of that Administration
are now ' behind as a part of the Its
public, and what has "come of our
hopes-?-- A dissappointment which
makes .fbfiHer hope i appear like
mockeryiT'This Administration, which
commenced its career under such happy
auspices, has io so alarming a degree
developed-'socio of the very worst
tendencies of our political life that its
continuence in authority appears as a
danger and tneuaco to our free institu
tions. In no period of our history,
perhaps, has the selfishness of power
and tho grasping greed of party stood
more insidiously, stubbornly, and
conspicuously iu the way of manifest
duty. Let us take a survey of the
field and trust to tho evidence of our
THE FIRST DUTY CONCILIATION OF
The first great object of our policy
should have been to renationalize the
South, to revive among the Southern
people feelings calculated to attach
their hearts again to the fortunes of
r his Union. For, let us not indulge in
the delusion that the holding together
by force of its component parts is a
basis upon which a lvepublic can safely
rest or long endure. It requires that
bond which binds together the hearts of
tho people, and not their bodies only j
and to create that bond was for us the
highest object of fctatcsinanship. We
rend of Kiug Frederick William It. of
Prussia, tho Father of Frederick, the
Great, that is he was fond of occasional!
cudgeling' such of his subjects as
displeased him. One day while walk-
ing in the streets of Uerlin he saw a
hurriedly turn a corner at his
approach. The -Kins overtook him.
and asked c why did you run away
rum ma Y" 44 liccanso I was nfr;nJ
of vour Majesty" replied' the trem-
bhng buruher. " Well, you rascal
said the King, "do you know that I
want my subjects to love wc. and not to tropical country witn an utterly ncic
fear mo ?" And to produce that love rogencous people, called for the most
he siave htm a sound drubbing. Such
mnthnds of creatine sentimental
attachment may have p issed more than
a century ago in a despoptic king lorn
but in a country like this love is not
inspired by caresses of that kind, and affairs of the Government was uucer
even in Prussia they have louy: since emoniously set aside. The President
come to the conclusion that it requires
very different methods to luild up and
hold together a great empire. In order
to revive patriotic feeling and national
attachment in the South, we had to
convince the people that wc were their
. . . - 1 f- . I
friends and not their conquerors only ;
that we had their welfare at heart, aud
not our advantage. Only wheu we
made them believe in the purity and
usefulness of our intentions could we
hope to recain their affections. Let us
see what was done by the administra
tion and the ruling party.
THE LAWS CONVERTED INTO INSTRU
MENTS OF TYRANNY.
How much they care about the pro
tectiou of the rights of citizens and the
lives of innocent persons I do not know.
Uut I am certain that they value such
laws especially as political machinery
In f.nnrrr.1 hlU.TM -Pniirlnrr an
extension of their plundering license.
How will these laws eervc that purpose?
fin will lnrn hw ctnrlvinrr thf hi.sr.nrv
of the South durin-the last fewvears
I have been in North Carolina,over 500
indictments found in some way under
that legislation, are held by the United
States authorities in terrorem over the
heads oi so many voters and their
friends to mako them vote and exert
their influence at the impending State
election as tho managers of the Grant
party direct. It is thus that the ruling
party makes itself felt in those States
It is in this light that the majesty of
the National Government appears to
those people, not as a friend to lift
them up from their prostration, to
iruide them out of their errors with a
gencrous hand, and to make them look
. .i i n i . f
up to the national flag as a symbol ot
I. D .
justice and fairness equal to all; not
that, but as the ally and abettor ot the
robbers, who suck their blood, as the
mainstay of a system which drains their
resources ; blasts their hopes, cmascu
lates their encrges .mocks their enter
prie and condemns them to utter pover
ty, distress, and ruin, lou honest Re
publicans whose cars have been assidu
filed only with horrible Ku-Klux
stones, and wnose ruinu is unversed in
a H a
the mysteries of party management,
rrrxrt tn 1 r Inrtir With atimricn nr Ihia
picture. You mny not understand that
the affection of these people cannot bo
successfully invited by the "cry," You
luuau ivs no. iy iurv.-5 vuui lust uvui-
nno lia it it ..,. l.,u. Mr,
A painful but still reluctant appre-
hensioo was then dawnincr upon the
niinds of some that tho conduce of this
great Ooverntnent had fallen into the
hands of a tritler. 1 he distribution of
offices was now in order, and tho Presl
idnnr hecan at onco to shower the
sweets of his official patronage unon his
relatives and his personal incnus. ile
1 .1 .bt.Ml.l....Ait Anvrl nnriA torn ft r
was undoubtedly tho la-t man to feel the
indecency of his conduct, llegarding the
presidency as an accommodation to him,
and its appendages as a sort of personal
property, he did not see why he should
not increase his own comfort with tho
offices of the Republic. Likewise did
it not strike him as scandalous to re
ward mcu who had given him valuable
presents with high and responsible
diuities. He simply liked to please
those who had pleased him. That was
all. He found it unreasonable, there
fore, that, in the gratification of that
desire the opinions of others should
stand in his way. Ho surely believed
that faultfluders were meddling with
things which belonged to him and
were uo business of theirs. Neither
did he find it reasonable that tlis man
to whom the Presidency had been
giveu a a reward should be hampered
by legal obstructions, and when ho
found an old aud wise statute standing
in the way of the appointment of his
Secretary of the Treasury, and the
Tenure-of-Offie act troubled him in
distributing the patronage, he mmply
said to Congress :"Just repeal me
these laws." That the repeal of such
laws miulit lead to vcrv mischievous
consequences, troubled him little
They stood iu his way, and that was
enough for him. Soon alter his ac
cessiou to power, he gave his mind,
not to the great problems the solution
of which the people so anxiously looked
tor. but to a protect 01 ills Own tile
acquisition of Santo Domingo. A sub
ject ot such importance as the incorpo
ration with our political system oi a
careful and earnest consideration. It
is be'icVtd that the Secretary of
Mate did not favor the scheme,
ana the fctato Department whose oiui'e
it is to conduct all the diplomatic
commenced a personal negotiation with
liaez, the ruler of Santo Domingo,
which he intrusted to one ot his young
aides de camp, whose zeal he had roa
son to believe equal to his own. lhe
extraordinary character of this pro-
! I'l ti l-.. O.
ceeuing uia not trouoie mm. Jie
wanted to have the thing uonc ; ana
to do it, an aide-de-camp was better than
a Secretary of State. Tho aide dc-
camp made a sort of a personal treaty
between the two potentates, in which
the President was pledged to propitiate
the favor of Congress for the scheme of
the lobby influence. This disgraceful.
engagement would have revolted the
sensibilities ot any President having
the dignity of his high office and the
honor of tho nation at heart. lut
President Grant was so far from disap-
I f . 1 . . 1
proving oi it mat, ins cau oi marking
nai aiuc-ueamp wiui u s uisp.casuru,
he Continued tO employ him 1U COOU-
ien,i.al missi?nS) for same object.
ot agreement, he actually did descend
to tnc role of a lobbyist.
1 liavo secu
him in that capacity myself. How
could a President lower himself so far?
Why, if nobody else wanted Santo
Domingo, he does : he employed the
THE WAR POWER USURPED.
He went further. Pacz, the other
party to the arrangement, being in duu
gcr of being driven from power
which would have spoiled tho scheme
Gen. Grant concluded that his friend
JJacz must be sustained at any prico.
The method was simple. He ordered
a I.I. - KT c it:.i c.. l.nl..
, . . i.,
bor with shot and shell anybody who
. . .
mmht offnff Ism rvfn it it !n that
usurper's own subjects. The war ships
of the United States were virtually
placed at the disposal of a foreign potcu
tate. lut could he order acts of war
without the authority of Congress ?
Did ho not know that the Constitution
vcst3 tho war-making power in Con-
grefs? Perhaps ho did not know.
At any rate ho did not care, lie
considered it his business. Tho Senate
by a solemn vote rejected the treaty of
annexation. JLhe 1rcsidcnt in his mcs-
oa' t,IM V . ,,JVU l i" T
great folly, and kept the war-ships at
the disposa of Iiacz, with instructions
nl,l Unr.nn I!..) tliio ir-iu n
W C1IUWK1UU SIUlllCl 115 WWmun ii.i-
I . .... ' . , 1
that there was absolutely no hope for
the project, ita opponents beuiL' pun
ported by the whole American people,
ho temporarily abandoned it, undoubt-
edly to take it up asain if he fehould bo
re-elected. And now wo eco the
I Constitution violated : a nrecedeut set
which, if taken as a rulo of constitution
al construction, will nlaee tho neace of
tho Republic- at tho inercv of one man's
wuinis and ambition ; the Presidential
I tiltr t i rv (1 i.iv it. .liiL.f t ll C
honor of the nation sullied for what ?
To further a personal scheme of the
President, in which nobody took any
but a negative interest; neither tho
Cabinet, nor Congress, nor the Ameri
can people nobody but the President,
his aides-de-camp, and a few speculators
of dark reputation. What the Presi
dent motives were in so. violently
pushing this scheme I do not know.
Certainly the main reason with which
ho advocated it in his message, that the
productions of Santo Domingo would
pay the uational debt was so supremely
child lish as to make the very school
boys laugh Jiut he wanted it; and
and neither the Constitution, nor the
dignity of his high office, nor the honor
of the nation should stand in the way
of a thing he wanted.
THE LITE OF
Ask those who in that party honestly
strove to arrest the current of usurps
lions and corruption, and they
will tell you that they found themselves
running against a combination of des
potlsm and submission as against a
wall, deaf to the appeals of reason,
and inaccessible to shame. As one on
the floor of Congress myself, and 1
know whereof 1 speak. I have stood
there, startled at the f-tolid cynicism
with which to shield those in power,
tha most ' evident.' facta were denied,
tho most obvioui conclusions rejected,
the tight of truth itself turned into
darkness. I have stood there, amazed
at the cowardly couraae born of desper
ate caues with which, to justify the
afus; and misdeeds of the Govern
ment, principles wero set up aud doe.
trims adanced such as would make
every friend of popular freedem grow
j 'alo, and the fathers of the republic
turn in their graves. I have stood
there, overwhelmed with shame and
iadne.si at the verjJ degredation of man
hood I saw before me. I have stood
there, bowed down by the conviction
that under the pressure of influences
the struggle for good government must
become a vain folly, end that we shall
aoou have to fight for the very existence
of Republican institutions. Such is
the rule which at this moment controls
the Republican party, and through it
the American people, and thb rule wc
arc asked to continue. As for myself
I jshall not help in doing it. I can
not do it. I have been an humble and
faithful worker in the Republican ranks
from the begining of my public life
and in)- political associations were dear
to my heart. Rut this servile organi
zation is not tha Republican party
which lud my allegia ucc. I came to
this country from a foreign land, to
enjoy the blessings of republican gov
ernment, and to live in the moral pride
of a free man. I cannot sacrifice both
to a party which has become false itself. I
have always believed that true progress
grows out of a free and manly contest
of opinions, aud I cannot aid in tight
ening round the American people that
network of organized selfishness,' that
suakish coil of power, which is to stifle
every free aspiration and to bind the
people down to a will not their own.
It is my profound conviction that this
uctwork must be broken through, this
despotism must be destroyed, the peo
ple must be inspired once more with
the breath of independent opinion.
Wc must have- the emancipation of
of political conciousneBS,and now is the
time to strike for it. Have you thought
of it, how a condition of things such
as now surrounds us could develop
itaclf 1 It is not a new story.
: Another Great Enoinkkuino
Work. A contract has lately been
pinned between tho directors of the
Si. Gothard Railway, Switzerland, and
M. L. Favre, of Geneva, for tho borinm
of a new railway tunnel through tho I
Alps, which promises to.&urpass any
thing of the kind yet attempted. The
length of tho tunnel will be a little
more than nine miles. Cost $10,000,
000. The work is to be finished within
ciht years j and if sooner finished tho
contractor is to receive $1,000 a day
for each day in advance of tho contract
time. If the completion of the work
is from any cause delayed beond the
contract time, S1,000 a day are to be
forfeited. If the delay reaches beyond
six months,' the forfeit is then increased
to 32,000 a day. Tho contractor de
posits 31,0000.000 as a security for tho
faithful ncrformanco of tho work. If
the delay exceeds tho contract time
bevond a. vear. tho contract is to be
broken and tho company take possession
of tho security money. The contractor
is an eminent civil engineer, and a man
of rare abilities. He was formerly a
journeyman carpenter in Taris. Set
PROFESSIONAL CARDS, dC
15 A IV K 13 X fi A N E-
SAL 0 0 N.
fi! III? FINI2ST laUAT.ITV OF
Wiues, Liquor, Ales Porter, Cigars etc.,
etc., lipt-nhel at this Temple of Bacchus, All
toe btate pupors kept on file in tbe reading
room- Call aud see him, Win ClibgLan Pro.
g W, H. R U D E L I,
DE NT 1ST
Has located in Dallas, and is ready to
attend to all thoee rwjuirinjj his assistance.
Artificial Teeth of tho very finest aud best
Halififaf tion guaranteed, or no charges made.
Now id the time to call on the Doctor.
Office, opposite Kiucail'n Photographic Ual
JttH J. MLY,
Will practice in the Courts of Record and In
eiior Courts. Collections attended to promptly.
OFFICEIo the Court House.
J. C. GRUBBS, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN' AND KUKGCO.V,
Offers his Services to tbe Citizens Dallas
OFFICE at NICHOLS' Drug Store.
Phyi-ian and Surgeon Dallas Oregon
OFFICE at Residence
Ia CIi:OI,E ACADOII
Will commence tho academic year Monday
Sept. 2d 1872, with a full corps Jof teachers as
V H. OUUDBS' TnuctrAL, Mrs. L. A.
(iKUPIJS, Precrptrk8S,.Mi8s. M. E. SMITH
Tkacheii OF MlflC.
Hates of tuition as follows.
Krbscii Psn Tenu 2 5()
Dkawi,n w 2 60
Mrsic 112 09
1. . SUIsLlVAIV,
Attorney & Counsellor-At-Law,
Will practico in all tho Courts of the State. 1
C. H . II ALL.
WHS. 1'ISKK A IIAI.I..
OFFICE-No 1 MOOUES BLOCK,
.... ... ......Oi egoii
.71 AI '.STREET LUDE
IENIEIwXE. nphe best of wines, liquors, ales, porters and
!. TEMPERANCE CORHIAL8 always on
band, fino Havana cigars. Free reading rooms
attached to tho saloon. R. M. Bcun Pr.
LOOK ! LOOK ! !
HO I.T 13 H, w t K r LEI v w.
ELLEN DALE .STORE,
Have jest received an iinmons stock of
' lloots and Shoea,
Clothlns, Crockery and Glassware,
Hard ware, Groceries, Pro vlsious,&c.
mi rcss cociim. ' s a a ii ple, fancy,
At DRY GOODS of all kindsi,
Which they will sell cheap, Come and
try their prices.
Tho highest price paid for all kinds country
MILLIONS of EGGS and TONS of BUTTER
Holler, Wortley Ct
PROFESSIONAL CARDS, AC.
For everything in the GROCERY LINK
.M.:C. BROWN'S. .
MAIN STREET, DALLAS.
He has on hand a fall uwlj which h
offers cheaper than any other Store In Itollas,
$P JE W !:
All Style, of Pictures ot the best finish,
r. II. KIIVCAID,
HAVING ALL LATE IMPROVEMENTS
for taking pictures, I invite th patroa-
age of the public Please call at tha pnoto
graphic (JaUery, Main strret, opposite vr. nu
bell's office, Dallas. Itf
DALLAS LIVERY) FEED & SALE
Cor. Main and Court Street,
Thos. G. Richmond, Proprietor.
HAVING PURCHASED THE ABOVE
.Staud of Mr. A. II. Whitley, we have re.
fitted and re stocked it in such a manner at
will satisfactorily meet erery want of the com
munity. lluggles, single or double, Hacks, Con
cord Wajjoua, etc., etc..
Furnished at all hours, day or night, on
Superior Saddle Horses, let by the
Day or Week.
T. O. RICHMOND
OAVINO PCRCIIASED A LARGE AND
complete Stock of GENERAL MER
CHANDIZE, consisting in part oi
And all articles found in a GENERAL VARI
ETY bTOUE, I would rc?iectfoUy call the
attention of the Publie to my Establishment.
Highest Cash price paid for
1 UHS AND PELTRY.
TL A. RAT,;
Eola, Polk Co Ogn.
MUSIC ! MUSIC !
PROF. HUT AN,
"1 "8 T ill commence his classes in vocal and in
) stru mental music at the M E Church on
the first Monday in..Octobcr next ,
" 24 tf
Notice is herehy giren that the partnership
heretofore existing under the name of Nich
ols Coad has been disslved. The business
will hereafter be continued under the firm of
Nichols & Hyde. All persons knowing tbem
selves indebted to the old firm, will please call
and settle eithertby note or coin.
B F Nichols.
27 3 -in
I OF WOIUv AT THE LOWEST
LtVTNO PRICES. CAN 13E HAD
m CALLING ON.
n I ITS EN A: RACSIEIDER
: 'STEAM .JO!) PRINTERS,
03 Front Street, Portland, Oregon
ALAFOE ASSORTMENT of BLANKS
Circuit, County, and Justices Court, con
t.'intly on hand. Also, Bonds, Deeds, Mortgages
and Blanks for use in Bankruptcy cases.
By using Letterheads, billheMs ri circit
lurs, printed envelopes, etc. Give us"iH fr
Bend iu your orders. 4:12
O KO. It. J05KS
Re.il filiate, Insurance
AND'"; ' ; "
SALEM, OREGON ;
giren to the Geneml
. v.uonAUT. I
i. W. HOB 4,