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About Bandon recorder. (Bandon, Or.) 188?-1910 | View Entire Issue (May 18, 1905)
LAN DON RECORDER.
S03IE PKKAK STAMPS
ERRORS THAT CAUSE PHILATELISTS
TO JUMP FOR JOY.
The Crar.e Anionic Collector For the
PoNeiiii of Sample of lllundern
Made 1V I'liclc Sam' Ilnreau of Kn
irravtiiir and I'rlntlnt;.
About the only freaks of great value
manufactured by the government are
misprinted postage stamps, the value
of one of these sometimes running up
Into the thousands. There is nothing
more dear to the collector than these
errors In printing, and, too. there Is
nothing which causes a tornado of
trouble quicker In the bureau of en
graving and printing. An error is gen
rrally a costly thing in this depart
tuent. It means that whoever Is re-
rpoaslble for the mistake must get out
and hunt another job. The work Is too
Important to permit of oarelessmss.
An error produces a treak stamp, but
It also produces a vacancy, often more.
in the ranks of the employees of the de-
imriitiont. Hut the collector, the phi-
latcllst, is happy, for he gets a prize ot
the tlrst water.
ny and every thing in the way of a
stamp which vanes a hair s breadth
frv" .s-r-.-mcrfi.n a a t.Wt, ami
there Is always a heated race bv the
r-,:,Hv ih.P nrr. n,i ,i,,v nr, ,nf
made often, are detected before manv
of the stamps are nut in circulation, and
when only a few get out the collectors
are ready to pay fancy prices for one
of the prl7.es. Some few collectors la-
bor under the Impression that "every
inau mis iji i.r.ee, ami uie sum oi
r. t.. . . .- .-. a- i . i
-u,wv was onereo uie neau oi me ou-
r;Ml low- vonri n n it li.- i-rkiiwl lmvi
issued a half dozen sheets of two rout
errors. Of course no consideration
whatever was given to the proposition,
and the get rich quick philatelist saw
his plans miscarry.
Some very valuable freak stamps
were Issued In 1S0.0. when a series of
stamps was Issued in colors. The
series comprised denominations from
1 cent to Pi) cents. Ttie !.", "I, 30 and
IX) cents were prime. I In two colors.
On these the central picture was print-
ed inverted, and the error was detect-
ed. Today any of these freaks will
bring from J,00 to fcStu each.
The freak two cent pan-American
in circulation hofnro If w.-i .!l,.nv..r.l
that the railroad train In the center of
the stamp was upside down. It is like-
ly mat thousands would have been sold
uau not a gentleman who had purelias-
w , 1 . ror
,..,v;n,. .....i ,.h,i
ficers. He doubtless thought he was
doin a irocnl service for the srovem-
meut, and doubtless he was, but the
stamp collectors denounce him as a
chump of the rankest type.- The gen-
iieman gave away several of the
stamps he had bought. bile a large
number of the stamps with the invert-
error ,i..foot(wt nr.. n,,iv ctv
of these froakswbhh can be account-
ed for, the other stamps having ner-
haps served their purpose without he-
ing discovered as belonging to the val-
uahle freak family. It Is altogether
reasonable to suppose that the stamps
aiu.xea to getters and the en
velopes destroyed. If any sheet of er
ror stamps other than that sent to the
Buffalo ollice was ever sent out, the
fact has never been known at the bu
reau, and it Is not likely that the mar-
ket will ever be glutted with this freak
During the whiter of 1S90 a sheet of
meorumarv one cent stamps, with the
. i . ...I
oru ouam -prm eu across the race .
slipped through with "Guam" upside
down. These stamps were printed for
the use of the island, and collectors
have searched far and near for them.
Only a few have been secured by the
collectors, and they bring stiff prices.
The people of Guam know but little
about the value set on such freaks by
o?JVc 116 ,TeUtieS' uh:;n T pov-
erument used its own distinctive set
of stamps for Uie several departments.
an error was made by the bank note
company which then held the contract
for making the stamps. The regular
color adopted by the navy department
was blue, A sheet of the two cent de-
nomination was printed in green, and
ULTTa- h"V10-n;i ,narl;et ?1U;; f
about $4.i each. J he genuine. In blue.
is worth twenty times its face value.
One collector was fortunate enough
to corner the market by getting pos-
session of a heet of four cent stamps
of the Columbian series which was
printed 1,-y mistake In steel blue when
Its right color should have been ultra-
vVTN HHKOt l filCC
value, and when he wants to dispose
of one he can readllv get $85.
There are a number of other valu-
able freak stamps, but the errors of
tlie bureau of engraving and printing
have been jvmarkaby few, consider-
tng the Immense number of sheets of
stamps turn.! out every year. Each
Fhcet after being printed passes
through a dozen or more hands before
i ... i
It Is ready for the stock vault, and In
spectors and counters are always on
the lookout for errors In printing.
Kansas City Star.
Cnrlnji; For llronze.
The care of bronze ornaments
comes sometimes a little perplexing.
It Is, however, because of their pre-
vlous want of care. Xnthin- ci.nni.i
ever he applied to bronze In the way of
preparations. Simple, careful dusting
Is all Unit is needed. To remove the
purple tinge that sometimes comes a
mue sweet on may ne gently rubbed
upon the discolored portion; but, as a
rule, the dusting will be found to be '
MlrttnuU flic I'll tirf tin! ltn.
The Young Woman (surprised
Indignant) J low dared vou kiss
indignant) i low dared vou kiss mo
sir! Penitent Young Man-Vh? vou '
said you'd like to see me do it.' Tlie .
series of stamps which turned up in friends, and hee-ms.. -h,. u wilim.r
Buffalo. X. Y., in the year of Uie Itniu- m:uiy thil, faI, OM her shou,(U.rs!. ,u
now i uy exposition, jiku. are now rat- ... ... i - . i . . . .
ed at &T5 each. Only a few of those ant n. ""I'lamt ,s ever made that he feel:
Young AVoman-Ilut you know as well , u"r"B-"K wo-"d you speak, helps to
as I do that I said It with an exelama- f enrich and bring sweetness into your
tlon point at the end.1 Chicago Trib- 'own ufli and make it well worth the
une living. Don't get narrow, if you only
How clifleriitly the people we meet
in every day life go jilH)iit their work,
or whatever thev have to do. Then
are those so unfortunately constituted
that everything they do is a heavy
cross, and if they do not grumble and
eomplain, their sighs of weariness and
their doleful looks are enough to throw
a damper over every one in the house.
I was in a home recently where the
oldest daughter was just such a person
Every one in the house "danced" at
tendance to her, waited on her like she
was a child, and her slightest wish
seemed to be granted. Yet, she never
showed the least bit of appreciation for
nil the little kind and thoughtful act
from father and mother, and even
down to the children and the hired
,Je, Umt u ,
, .... . ,
., , " ' ' m
tlinnks fell from her lips. If she
igneu speaK at all, it w:us re
i i. .. . . ... . .
pioacues ami lauii-nnding ami com-
piauu. mat some one of her loval sub-
Meets had hurt her feelings. She is a
burden not only to herself but others,
when she miirht linv. lww.. ., ,.,fnrl
, ,,., , ., .
l,,aw of shadows. On the other hand
,ler sis;ter two J'" her junior, is her
mother s advisor and assistant in all of
the atlairs pertaining to the home
Her ringing little laugh is contagious
and makes sweet music to those who
iovc the little body who is disposed to
m:lke tlu. nf (,wr..lilinir T,.
1 - -.--.
, ...i.m.i. ... i ,7...
aru 1,1 ,roub,L,i 51,1,1 she lIes ul their
cuts aml bruis! juul kisses away their
tears. She lifted the burden from her
mother's shoulders, takes many a piece
of work from her tired hands and in
sit that she go out for an outing, or to
Hi? ilnwn m.l r.t ,.u-iiii. l-v...--......
- - - - ' " v. ' a a v. j v. t wt V
in the house loves the cheerful girl, and
fecis that something is lacking in the
house life if she is out of it for a dav.
If she is ever unhappy or disappointed
no OMe 's the wiser. She is interestec
in everything that tends for the goo
and happiness of others. This lovable
girlis a burden Itvarer for relatives am
The following is a type of a girl who
is shunned and heartilv disliked bv oh
Hml young. She is capable, can be at
trai.tive wheIl she Av.mts , ,
would be a genuine favorite if it was
not for her sarcastic tongue which sin
neVt'r lr,es to control. No one is free
from her wrath if tilings go contrary to
her wishes. Not only is she cruelly
sarcastic, but she is unjust toward
those he should love and endeavor to
protect from criticism, etc., in everv
hn:umabk.. Thy hoine Hfe is m;,
- ereil to her, and she tells everything
""l'lant from A to Z.
i,,e of life aml tiling you w
."he would Ihrow the mantle of charity
and love over, faults that could and
should be condoned are freelv discussed
before entire strangers. She hasn't a
bit of pride, for most girls under like
circumstances would hesitate to air
family allairs or let outsiders know of
their jMverty. Xot so ivitli this fault
finding and unhappy girl. Everv one
Mie nieets knows sooner or later how
unkind fate has been to them : how
they are ekeing out a mere existence
.she complains of her father's lack of
fortei gIl t lf unpleiusant escapades tliat
.i , , , .. , . , , .. .. , ,
should le forgotten and buried deep in
the oblivion that time, if let alone, can
sink into inignificance. One of the
wort features of it all is that she can
not tell the truth. Both relatives and
friends fear her, knowing her failing
to aii family affairs and her inability to
confine herself to the truth. If she
io y a favor, she never lets vou
, . .. , ,
forf L,,t llUld ,,nr 1" 'l tl you
W1h she h:i(l McVer "1,-'rwI l le kind
At the very time slie is doing a favor
for you, that has been her own sugges-
lion, she will be telling outsiders how
sadly he is imposed upon, and harps
Uj)on her ,nvn virlllUsj :UI,i extreme
MM you wonder if there is
. . , . .
anw ' ' -Ulstuth lrfwt lerson m the
Wo 1,L r''Vcr Iltl,e a,'L of kindness
rfio l(Hs slie soons spoils by the unkind
storie, no matter how trival the act,
by the amount of complaining she does
on the outside. Everylwdy is afraid of
ht.rj knowing that she Cannot or will
"otcnf.ne herself to the truth. You
. , . , ,
Wttl,t tM !4,l"u her !tS thUKh she Wtw Jl
nwiit gliding steal t lily, through the
grass, ready to strike at iLs unsus-
pecting victim. Xo word of advice can
be given her, for she would misconstrue
your motive entirely and' take it in anv ,
thin.r but a kindlv iudrlt. ThU
fortun.lt rjr, , ft.u. frh;mI U1,, lh
oon t hesitate to say that thev are
afraid of her.
1 1 is so easy to cultivate a sweet, lov
able nature, and one of the first steps is
to see the good in other in tilneenf
be-Uarchiiiir fr the tmW n,t ,.r,
.,, f ... :f
, BW'"" ,B " ""
,l,llwl av something goad of a person,
lvu ,U'('I' ,ll,it "l reinemler that
golden. Another tiling to
remember is to guard family affairs
jealously. Everything pertaining to
your loved ones should be sacred, and
Ilot to be tlirw, to CUnoirsand morbid
. i i i , n
people who can get hold of anything in
the shape ot a scandal, or something
which can be a nine-day-wonder.
Every time you reach out a helping
i i . tx t i t , . ,
hnlul lo l,frtu1 very kind .
a;t yOU evury coftIforting and en-
read the daily newspaper headlines to;
keep posted on the current allairs oi ,
the day, or a few pages in some goo
book, or a few lines of poetry. It al
tends to broaden you, give you some
thing to think and talk about beside
yourself or the petty little gossip that
is neither elevating or entertaining.
you have a chance to hear some goo(
lecture, don't miss it, or to attend a
concert or musicale then avail yoursel
of the opportunity. Take all the good
wholoome pleasure you can, and you
will crowd out gloomy and disagreeable
thoughts, and there will be anew song
in your heart, for you will have fount
happiness and contentment.
A team of Indian girls from the Has
kell Institute at Kansas were to play
basket ball with a team of white girls
from Washburn, but Coach Herbert
Fallis, of the Indian team, well known
as a football star, called out the Indian
maidens in the last half of the game
because the white girls were guilty b
swearing a tiling that is prohibiten
and looked upon with horror and as
very unrefined in the Indian college
The girls complained that their white
sisters said "doggone it," "darn it,"
"confound you" and "damn." They
were simply shocked and refused to
finish the game. The limit of their
expressions of disproval was "Oh,
fudge." ihither a hard blow to the
refinement of our girls, and they felt it
Language of Beggars.
In describing their possessions and
their environment, professional beg'
gars use nicknames. Thus a cent is an
" Indian." Other coins are Known as
"white money." A detective is
"bull" and a iMiliceman is a "bull in
harness." A thief is a "gun" and a
pickpocket is a "dip." A gold watch
is a " red kettle." Stamps are known
as "stickers." Monev is "cu.-h." A
horsecar is a " rattler." When a beg
gar is arrested lie is said to "fall." The
workhouse is known as the "hand-
house." The penitentiary is known ;t
the big house. a revolver is a
" rod." A beggar who gives out cards
on which are printed appealing bit of
rhyme is known as a "throw out."
One who sits croslegged on the walk
is known as a "Hopper." One who
holds you up on the sidewalk is known
So it run, on with
figures of speech that one not familiar
with their argot might listen to their
talk for hours without catching the
real meaning of the conversation.
Ten miles off the coast of Kerry, in
the west of Ireland, lie the Skellig
rocks, one of which h:is been for years
the scene of a difficult eiiauec. A zig
zag path leads up some 7(MJ feet to a
lighthouse, but 700 TSu more must be
climled before the summit is readied,
where stand the ruins of St. Kinian's
monastery and a cross of St. Michael.
Here on the anniversary of St. Michael
devotees risk their lives in performing
their devotions. First they have to
squeeze themselves th rough t he Need le's
Eye, a tunnel in the rock thirteen feet
long, the passing up which is like the
ascent of a chimney. Then they creep
on all fours up the Stone of Pain, on
whose smooth surface one false step is
fatal; then, getting astride theSpimile,
a rock 1"00 feet above the Atlantic and
projecting some ten feet, each pilgrim
must "ride a cock horse to St. M ichael s
cross," ay a Paternoster and shullle
baek as best lie can.
Skin of a Pirate Sells for Song
At a recent auction in Loudon was
sold a square inch of skin which had
KX) years ago formed part of the outer
covering of a Danish pirate king. It
was knocked down for the rather low
irice of $lo, the amount of the first bid.
The king of vikings was captured by
the English while plundering a church
in Essex, and w:is skinned alive for
this offense, and his skin was nailed to
the church door as a warning to his
ountrynien, who were frequent, al
though uncalled, visitors lure in those
days. As time passed the skin grew
mailer, thanks to the greed of curio
iiinters, until all that remained was
.ilniut the. size of a postage stamp, which
was found under one of the hinges.
t was tins remnant which was sold at
English Town Gradually Sinking.
Sunderland is gradually slipping
into the sea through a general subsi-
ience. Surveys of the levels of the
town, covering a long period, reveal
startling facts and confirm the theory
of the geologists that 41 the site of Sun-
erland is nothing more or less than
the delta of a great landsile due to the
Ice Age." Comparisons between the
level surveys of ls-Vi and IsJMsliow that
in forty years the site of Sunderland
hassubsided to the extent in some places
of more than six feet, and the subsi
dence is still going on. The Ordnance
Ollice, which has been investigating
the matter, reports' that several other
places have had similar experiences.
Collection oi Cats' Tails.
There is a gamekeeper at Winchester
who luus a wonderful collection of cats'
tails, which he obtained in the follow
ing way : ile surrounds the coops in
which he keeps his pheasants with a
network of electric wires, and when
the cats come after his birds they are
killed by the .shock of touching the
wires. In the morning the game
keeper goes around and picks up the
lodies of the marauders and cuts off
the tails, of which he has 255 speci
mens. He is not popular with his
neighbors, who suspect that they have
contributed to his collection the tails of
their favorite cats.
fVQMAN AND FASHION
Simple nml Stjllsli.
This simple, stylish suit is of light
weight Hoth, a soft gray and dark blue
mixture, the threefold stitched seam!
corded with blue silk, the design done.
in blue silk Persian cord.
The smart cape is a new Parisian
mode, worn over a blouse of the cloth.
WOJITEX Sl'KINO SL'IT.
with leg o' mutton sleeves, the long
cuff buttoning to the elbow.
The cape has a plastron front, with
revers and collar of blue silk, the deep
fitted girdle being of the same, as also
the smart little tie.
Shiny shoes and gray stockings are
correct with this suit.
Kor Stout Women.
Most large women think it best to
stick closely to bla -k. and while this is
wise judgment they must not forget
that there is black and black. A shiny.
lustrous black, such as satin, messaliue
and the rest (and n woolen go;ls mo-
hairi. is just as enlarging in effect as
Crepe de chene. roadcloth of a dull
llnlsh. wool crape.- and materials of a
like nature are the only ones that re
duce tin' apparent size. In fact, these
goods, even m light colors, will not
make one look an larger than a black
that is shiny and ictleets the light.
The keynote of the materials used by
stout women must be llatness. in
weave a, well as color. That is the
real secret of dressing to appear small.
S it in in i r Slilrt AValstN.
The summer shin waist proper Is to
revert to its oriimud form-that is.
it will be made on severer line, than
ha been the custom in the last few
vears. For one thing, it will not have
the pouch front. Other differences noted
are in the sleeve, which is slightly
full, raised at the top and finished with
a narrow starched cuff. The lines of
the waist depend wholly on the ligtire
if is to liiT" .nUiiTrdlls have a small
yoKe. with the material hanging from
it in narrow side or box plaits. Others
are gauiereo wan mouoraio immess
Into the collar band. As for stuffs.
there is to be a return to the hair
stripes or tine checks and perhaps dots.
although stripes aim tine ciiccks come
Smart SprliiK Pout.
The new jackets for spring are being
shown now, some of them being out of
the beaten trad; ami verv smart.
Among these the plaited styles seem to
ic the Itvorite. The jacket proper is
ery plain, made with seams in front
and back, extending to the shoulder.
This is not only a newer cut. but it is a
style easier titled than the dart coats.
NOIIFOLK JACK IH'.
After the coat Is fitted one has only to
ipply the plait over the seam, and the
garment is practically finished. The
collar may or may not be used, just as
one desires. The sleeve is finished with
u box plait also, and the whole makeup
of the coat Is generally good. Any wo
man can make such a coat as this, and
It will be a good fitting one too.
How to Wear Yonr Hat.
"Small hats worn well forward
comes the whisper of spring styles
wafted across the Atlantic. The hats
designed for the opening season at
Nice and Cannes are so made and so
worn, and they may with safety be
taken as foreshadows of spring fash
ions in millinery. Beside this modest
style of hat the excessively broad lines,
which were so much In vogue only a
short time ago, begin to look greatly
win Kiey l say. suppose you pay mo
back that 10 shillings you owe me
now." Burroughs Really, old man. I
cant do that. Marklev But you've
got It to spare today. Borroughs I
know, but there's no telling when I
may need it.- London Telegraph.
Xi) Further Xeeenf.lt-.
Maud Well. I see Mabel Garling
horn after all these vears has given
up trying to get Phlp Sikes. Irene-
hat's the reason? Maud Haven't
you heard? She's got him. Chicago
THE OLD PORTAGE ROAD.
l.iill by rriiiiNvlvunlii With Material
IlrouKlit From England.
For some time prior to 1S00 trave
across Pennsylvania had been In ca
noes and In river barges propelled bj
poles or along the shores of rivers bj
horse and foot and by intervening
portages on Indian trails, connecting
points on the different rivers. Thf
Philadelphia-Pittsburg national pike
was built upon such a substantial basis
that wherever undisturbed one stlf
finds the gracefully modeled arches of
solid masonry almost Intact after more
than a century has passed. The com
pletion of the Old Portage railroad by
the state of Pennsylvania In 1S34 put
an end to the time honored "coach and
six." with the many picturesque and
commodious inns and taverns along the
line of this broad macadamized toll
road, which with Its substantial con
struction was in point of endurance
second only to the Komau military
roads of Oreat Uritaln.
This Oltl Portage road was construct
ed from material brought from Eng
land. The Hritish government sent
over experienced engineers to Instruct
the Americans In the running of the
stationary steam engines used upon
the inclined planes of the road In the
Allegheny mountains. The railroad's
highest iK)int was about 2,700 feet
above sea level, being only 200 feet
lower than the neighboring hill, which
is the highest point of the Allegheny
mountains hi Pennsylvania. The road
consisted of ten planes, five of which
were on either side of the mountain
and intervening levels. In 1835 the
canal boats were so constructed that
they could be taken In sections and
hauled over the mountain on Hat cars
without disturbing their cargoes. The
rails were secured to stone sleepers,
twenty inches square, which were sunk
In the ground.
On the Old Portage road the best
time for the forty miles between IIol-
lldaysburg and .Tohnstown was twelve
hours. Express trains on the Pennsyl
vania railroad now run a closely par
allel distance over the Allegheny moun
tains In a trifle over one hour. The
passenger traffic on the road in those
days was usually limited to one car
each way a day, with a capacity of
In jSu-i the Pennsylvania Railroad
company bought the Portage road from
the state of Pennsylvania.-Chlcago
From the Moment of Illrth
Take fare f Tlu-inxel vex.
The fallacies surrounding the rattle
snake begin with the very coming of
;he reptile. Many suppose that, like
die garter snake, the bull snake, the
members of the "racer"' familv and
mr other iionpoisouous snakes, the rat
tlesnake is hatched in broods number-
dig from forty to eighty. Not so. Rat
tlesnakes are born into the world, as
ure all members ot the viperoid fami
ly, in litters numbering from seven to
Between the middle of July and the
middle of August the babies appear.
I.iveiv. self reliant, dangerous little
foii.iwx thev jire fniirti.i.it n..)i.. !.ni-
no thicker than a load pencil, market
like the adult snakes and provided
with a single button at the end of the
tall, the tlrst link in the series of rat
tles to be developed, ring by ring.
with each shedding of the skin.
Motionless, eyes gleaming, the long
mother lies extended across the back
of a sand hummock beneath the fan-
Iike leaf of a dwarf palmetto, glaring
coldlv at her active, squirming ba-
hies. For a brief half hour she tar-
ries: then she drags herself away, for
from the first moment a young rattler
enters the world he is independent of
his mother and eminently able to shift
for himself. Each young snake Is a
full Hedged rattler, ready to hunt and
ready to defend himself with the sting
of death. Each fiat, triangular little
head is provided with the long, sharp
poison tangs containing uie uiemicai
venom of the mother snake. Pearson's
THREE GREAT AMERICANS.
A .niiup.Mo of Kmernon. Thoreau and
Mrs. Rebecca Harding Davis says in
her "Bits of Gossip that Emerson as
she met him in Concord in 1S02 was a
typical Yankee in appearance: "The
tall, gaunt man with the watchful, pa-
tlent face and slightly dazed eyes, his
hands clasped behind his back, that
came slowly down the shady village
street towaru mo aysme uiai sum-
mer day was l nele Mini nimseir in in
littlng brown clothes. I have often
wondered that none of his biographers
have noticed the likeness."
Emerson said to Mrs. Davis: "I wish
Thoreau had not died netore you came,
lie was an interesting study. bhe
asked why. and after a moment he re-
plled: "Henry often reminded mo of
an animal in human form, lie nau uie
eye of a bird, the scent of a dog, the
most acute, delicate intelligence, but
no soul. No," he repeated, shaking
his head with decision, "Henry could
not have had a human soul."
Mrs. Davis remarks on Hawthorne's
shvness and on his love of seclusion.
which indeed was a family trait: "Per-
sonally he was a rather short, power-
fully built man, gentle and low voiced,
with a sly, elusive humor gleaming
sometimes In his watchful gray eyes.
The portrait with which we are an la-
miliar, a curled barber shop ueau.
gives no idea of the singular, melan-
choly charm of his face. There was a
mysterious power in it wmcn i uavu
never seen elsewhere In picture, statue
or human being.
Ho An I null-' ThlnUf
The following facts, which I saw
with my own eves on repeated occa
sions, fully convinced me that animals
have the powers of memory and
thought. I once had a three parts
bred black and tan terrier, which slept
in a basket In my bedroom that opened
into the nursery. One of my children
was from ill health very fractious, and
whenever Tiny heard it cry she would
go into the nursery, hunt about until
she found a squeaking rag doll, take it
to the side of the cot and, sitting up.
shake it to amuse the child. If in do-
ing this she did not display powers of
memorj', thought and reflection I utter-
ly fall to see to what her clever per-
formance could be attributed. Loudon
HUGO AND HIS WIFE.
Vehemence of the Author and 1H
Ilt-llcT llnlf'N IMaeldlty.
M. Paul Stapfer in the Mercure de
France quotes a fragment of Victor
Huiro's after dinner monologues. The
pose of the man accustomed to an
pectation of big utterances, of meta
physical suggestions, is well conveyed
in the quotations. Victor Hugo, It is
hardly necessary to observe, was dis
tinctly a prophet in his own country
as well as abroad. By 9 in the evening,
savs M. Stanfer. Victor Hugo had
warmed to his work. He burst forth:
"How poor, how small, how absurd
atheism is! God exists. I am more
sure of his existence than I am of my
own. If God lends me sufficient length
of life I want to write a book showing
how necessary to the soul prayer is
how necessary and how efficacious.
Personally I never pnss four hour,
without prayer. I pray regularly ev
cry morning and evening. If I wake
In the night I pray. What do I pray
for? Strength. I know what Is right
and what is wrong, but I realize my
imperfections and that of myself I
have not the strength to resist evil.
God surrounds and upholds us. We
are In him. From him we have life.
movement, being. AH Is created by
him. But it Is not true to say that he
has created the world. He creates It
unceasingly, no is the soul of the uni
verse, lie Is the Infinite I. ne Is
you are asleep, Adele!"
The abrupt accusation was hurled at
Mrs. Hugo. Since dinner she had been
sitting silently In an armchair, rather
huddled and drawn up In attitude, her
chin resting ou her chest, her hands
folded on her stomach and her eyelids
closed. Her regular breathing had been
pleasantly interrupted. Housed abrupt
ly, injured Innocence protested vigor
ously In her manner, "You dear great
thing, how could you possibly Imagine
I should go to sleep while you were
TRAVELING IN RUSSIA.
The SleejilnK Cur and the Stoiiiiiern
on the VoIkii.
The sofas of our staterooms on the
Volga river steamer, while pleasant
enough to sit on, were devoid of the
other trappings which In these degen-
eratL, tlays arc bought necessary to a
luWs rest, and we had not yet learn-
ed the peculiarities of Muscovite travel.
The old fashioned Russian travels
with his own gear and makes himself
comfortable according to his own Ideas,
and they are by no means narrow. A
place to sleep on Is provided. The rest
he brings. On the Russian sleeping
cars those who have not their own bed
clothes and who wish to undress and
go to bed in the American fashion can
have all that Is requisite for 50 cents.
The porter on demand brings a linen
sack, whose seal he cuts In your pres
ence with considerable ceremony ami
from which he produces a pillow,
blankets and sheets of beautiful line
linen. This was the system on our
boat, and our minds were soon at rest.
I afterward inspected the lower decks
ot the ship and saw the way Uie third
class passengers were cared for. It
was primitive, but clean and wholly
suited to the customs of the people.
Each person was provided with a spot
less board shelf to sleep on by night
and sit on by day, and he made himself
as happy or as uncomfortable as he
chose. Most of the passengers seemed
to take traveling ns a migration, to
judge by the pots and kettles, furnl-
ture, blankets and clothing stowed
about them "everything but the kitch-
en stove," that Important but dan-
gerous article being replaced by the
ship's galley, with its bountiful hot
water always ready for the eternal
teamaklug. Captain T. Bentley Mott.
r s. A.. In Scrlbner's.
The Mot interentinfr in cimirnn de
Ilanieza- at Montreal.
To Americans castles are associated
with the storied Rhine, picturesque
England or France and Spain, but It Is
Interesting to be reminded by the St.
John (P. E. I.) News that there are a
number of ancient Canadian castles
still existing, the chief ones being St
Ours, Rhnouskl, St. Eustnche, Lotblnl
ere, Montlbello, Ste. Marie de la Be-
ance, Vaudrell, Rouvllle and, most In
teresting of all, the Chateau de Rame-
zay at Montreal. The latter was built
In 17G5 by Gertrude de Ramezay, at
that time governor of the district of I
Montreal and knight of the Royal and
Military uruer or St. Louis. From him
was descended the last French govern
or of Quebec at the time of the capitu-
lation In lioO. From that time to 1S40
the castle remained In the possession
of the government and was the resl-
dence of the French and English gov-
ernors until the capital was trans-
fcrred from Montreal to Quebec. It Is
now owned by the Antiquarian socle-
ty, which has made of It a museum
for historical relics of the old regime,
and as such It possesses much Interest
for visitors to the one time capital of
What a sense of security In an old
uook which time has criticised for us.-
B00ks are men of higher stature and
only m(M, tlmt sp01lk aloud for fu-
tur0 timos to ,t,ar E y iinnvnjnff
Wo oiloni,i m.lkl, ,i10 ... 1IS1,
. k t, t th . . f . Shp
Bteng 8W0ets fr()m Jt 1)Ut (loog uot
Jure It. Colten
. fIlllu. w.
U8 without rods and ferules, without
hard words and anger, without clothes
or money. Richard de Burv.
My maxims are never to heidii a
book without finishing it. never to con-
slder It without knowing it. and to I
study with a whole mind. Buxton.
A book Is good company. It Is full of
conversation without loquacity. It is
not offended at your ubsentmindedness
nor jealous If j-ou turn to other pleas-
Modern Mother Why, child alive,
"wnat are you talcing off that dolly's
.Modern umid l in go
In' to zamlne her to see If she's been
vaccinated. 1 can't have er spreadlir
'taglon among my other dollies. Balti-
mure American. i
Advance of the Telephone.
As far back as 1GG7 one Robert
Hooke of London proclaimed the prin
ciple of the telephone. By means of a
wire he transmitted sound over consid
erable distances. A century and a half
later, in J821, the word "telephone"
was first used, beiflg applied to-Wheat-stone's
apparatus, by which sound was
transmitted through wooden rods.
The tlrst patents for the Bell tele
phone were taken out in 1S70. Long
distance telephoning is twenty years
old this very j-ear.
At the beginning of 1004 there were
3,770,517 telephones under rental In the
United States. The number of mes
sages In a year passes beyond .'5.000.
000.000. A current news item predicts
telephonic communication in the near
future between New York and Sail
With a continent crossed by the
speech carrying circuit, there remains
the problem of transoceanic communi
cation bj' telephone. It is not to be
doubted that a solution will come. The
rapidity of telephone development,
after its first fair start, as Indicated In
the dates given above, seems to promise
that the crowning achievement in long
distance communication by volte may
not be far in the future.
Old AKe In Navy Offleerji.
The youngest rear admiral in the
United States navy Is older than Ad
miral Togo. The four Japanese vice ad
mirals are all younger than the youn
gest of our captains. The Japanese
rear admirals average age forty-nine.
captains age forty-four and two-thirds
and commanders forty and two-thirds.
The average age of our captains (fifty
seven and a half) is thirteen years be
yond that of the Japanese captains,
nine years beyond that of the English
and German captains and seven years
beyond that of the Russian captains.
The youngest English captain is aged
thirty-three, is twenty yet; rs "younger
than our youngest, and Japan has"
deemed It wise to Intrust her battle
ships to men of age thirty-six. The av
erage English and German captain J
scarcely older than our junior grade
captain (commanders), and our youn
gest commander when he reached his
rank was older than the average Japa
nese captain. If our youngest captain
were in the Japanese navy he would
lave been retired for age some time
I'nele Sam's Shop.
Uncle Sam sold during the year 1001.
according to figures given out from
Washington, goods worth $l.-I."l.:;"o-
CAZk He bought goods wortli $1.0:i5.-
009.107 and used the balance to pay off
debts and the Interest on his mort
gages. It was the first year when Uncle
Sam has ever made billion dollar pur
chases. Ten years earlier he spent only
Siwd.OuO.ooo, last year $0!..0OO.HJO.
However. Uncle Sam doesn't feel
poor. lie broke another record by ex
porting for the first time over $."0d.-.
000.000 wortli of manufactured goods.
In ten years the excess of exports-
over imports sales over purchases
has been over $4,000,000,000. Sales
have been upon an average more than
r0 per cent greater than purchases.
Last year and in 1002 the excess of
sales was only 40 per cent.
But that isn't much to worry about.
In the three years IStKt, ISO ( and lSOo
the excess of sales was only 1" per
cent, and we have done fairly well
The Anttnmpntntlnn Jap.
During the present war the Japanese
have followed the new rule generally
of not amputating shattered limbs on
the fields of battle, but of putting a
plaster of paris dressing on them. So
far out of f00 wounded Russians only
one arm has been amputated, and In
that case the arm had to be removed in
consequence of trouble supervening.
In all eass the bom's have healed well.
It is clear that the gunshot wounds
from the modern infantry ritle are less
dangerous to life than they were in for
mer days. Wounds received in the
lungs or stomach heal often without
any surgical treatment or operation.
All pieces of shot or garments taken
from wounded men are sent to Tokyo,
where they are being preserved, as are
also all other "preparations" resulting
from the surgical treatment of the
wounded. London Globe.
Sir Oliver Lodge's fog dispelling ap-
pa rat us might be useful in the semi-
arid plains east of the Rockv moun-
tains and in all sections of the United
States during times of drought. Elec-
triclty at the high voltage of 230.000 Is
sent lightning-like through the air. A
succession of these discharges con-
denses the moisture in the atmosphere.
with a clearing effect similar to that
produced by llghtniiif
Although the object of the apparatus
In England is to dissipate fog, analo
gous reasonlug would point to its value
as a rain producer. The fog is driven
away by being turned into rain. The
same electrical process should produce
rain wherever there is a fair amount
f moisture in the atmosphere.
BtiKpipe.i Awaln In Favor.
That terrible instrument, the hag-
pipes. Is winning favor in certain cir
cles. It is even whlsnered that there
Is a fair royal piper, and that the
laughters of Scottish nobles are rapid
ly becoming proficient In the art of
klrllng the pipes Is the hapless experi-
tnce of many visitors to the north.
I'bere are those who find the bagpipes
trying at the best of times, but If thev
aro to l)C Placed in the hands of the
nm:,tt'u - " will life beyond the border bo
"uri" "mgr l.onoon world.
Effect of Araenlc on the Face
TiiC 8-ow absorption of many poisons
changes In some more or less modified
oTm te complexion, but arsenic and
ammonia show their effect about as
quickly as any. The popular belief
that arsenic clears the complexion has
led many silly women to kill them-
selves with It In small, continued
doses. It produces a waxv. lvorvliki.
anncaranco of the skin dnrinr n
tain stage of the poisoning, but its ter-
rlble after effects have beeomp too wpM
known to make It of common use as a,