Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (March 3, 2005)
Univiriity of Ortgon Library
Received oni 03-U-05
P.O. Box 870
Warm Springs, OR 97761
1299 UNIVERSITY OF OREGON
EUGENE, OR 97403
Warm Springs, OR 97761
March 3, 2005 Vol. 50, No. 5
Coyote News, est. 1976
to have new
By Dave AfcMcciian
The Celilo Village longhouse is be
ing torn down this week, making way
for a new one. This past weekend com
munity members, family and guests
gathered one last time in the old
"It was sad. Some people were cry
ing. There are a lot of memories in that
longhouse," said Celilo resident Delila
Heemsah. "Whether it was for feasts,
giveaways, birthdays, funerals - a lot
of people have walked in that
longhouse, people who are not here
anymore. A lot of love, sweat and free
labor have been put into this
Heemsah said the Confederated
Tribes, Tribal Council and Chairman
Ron Suppah are to be thanked for help
ing supply poles and lumber for the new
longhouse. Warm Springs Forest Prod
ucts Industries also helped, she said.
"Thanks to Warm Springs we'll have
a completely new longhouse instead of
a remodeled one," said Heemsah.
The 60 or so residents of Celilo
Village are mostly members of the
Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs,
Yakama Nation, and the Confederated
Tribes of Umatilla. The village was
developed by the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers in the 1940s and '50s. The
original residents were people living in
the area that was inundated by construc
tion of The Dalles Dam. Development
of the village was intended as a com
pensation for the loss of residences.
The passage of time has left Celilo
in need of major renovation. The U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers is planning
to spend $10 million on the renovation
project. The first improvement they
made was a new water well. Then the
old kitchen by the longhouse was re
placed by a new one. And now Celilo is
getting a new longhouse.
In the long term - between now and
2009 - the community will see new
infrastructure and housing.
for busy season
There are several new people who
began working recently at the resort and
Nine tribal members were hired
within the past couple of weeks, said
Urbana Ross, director of the Kah-Nee-Ta
tribal member development and
The new hires are in a variety of
departments. They are Jarrod Heath,
banquet server; Lyda Rhoan, cocktail
server; Wamblee Wallulatum, dish
washer; Perthina Wewa, guest services
representative; and Amelia Davis,
Also: Tiffiney Henry, reservationist;
Heath Miller, banquet server; and Ri
chard Payne, bellman.
David Suppah, who had been work
ing at Chinook Winds, is now work
ing at Indian Head as the pit black
Some of these jobs are seasonal,
said Ross, meaning they end at the con
clusion of the summer season. Through
the development and recruitmen pro
gram, part of the Kah-Nee-Ta human
resources and personnel department, the
resort and casino emphasize the hiring
of tribal members. In other Kah-Nee-Ta
Michelle Najera was named the re
sort and casino employee of the year
for 2004. Najera is the lead custodian
at the resort.
Artists' village would
By Brian Mortensen
Apolonia Santos believes Native
artists - of all ages - and their tal
ents should be nurtured.
That's why Santos has forged
plans to open an artist's village in
Warm Springs for artists who call
the Warm Springs Indian Reserva
tion their home.
The idea is part of a three-phase
approach Santos, curator of the art
gallery at Kah-Nee-Ta High Desert
Resort and Casino, created and pro
posed to tribal officials last fall.
The artists' village concept was
created with the idea it would be an
extension of The Museum at Warm
Since last week, students at Warm
the center circle of the gym floor is
Suppah, George Clements, James
(clockwise from left front).
(The following is an article in a
series regarding the Treaty of 1855.
This June the Treaty will be 150 years
By Dave McMechan
In 1852 some of the Indian
tribes of upper Oregon were trying
to develop farming practices. They
were becoming interested in farm
ing as more and more white settlers
were arriving on the land and "as
the fruits of the chase disappear,"
according to an 1852 report by the
Oregon Agency Superintendent
In his report to the Commis
sioner of Indian Affairs in Wash
ington, D.C., Dart suggested that the
federal government should make
more of an effort to provide farm
ing tools - "ploughs, axes, sickles,
hoes, etc." - to the Indians.
"I hope, therefore, that the gov
ernment will make provision for
complying with so reasonable a re
quest," said Dart. He expressed
other frustrations as well:
"In connection with the subject
of Indian treaties, I will here remark
that it is peculiarly unfortunate that
so much delay occurs in getting the
decision of the President and Sen
ate upon treaties negotiated with the
Oregon Indians. It is exceedingly dif
ficult - nay, impossible - to convey
to them intelligibly the causes of the
delay on my part in fulfilling the
I , ;. j . I Yji, - - -
A location for the center and the
time it will open, or even exactly what
form it will take, have not yet been
decided. Santos said she plans to meet
with Greg Leo, a consultant employed
by the Confederated Tribes, to collabo
rate on strategies to promote the artist's
village growth this month.
As well as the planned artists' vil
lage complex, a library and a healing
arts program are also planned.
The other phases of Santos' plan
include an educational collaboration
with the Oregon College of Art and
Craft in Portland, and creating a feasi
bility study on the possibilities of mar
keting art by tribal members both na
tionally and internationally.
For the second year in a row, stu
Springs Elementary School have been enjoying their new gymnasium. In
an eagle, the school emblem, shown here by students Rosey Twostars
Blackwolf, Corey Poafpybitty, Haley Wahnetah and Mary Goggleye
In 1852 the attention of the gov
ernment regarding Oregon Indians was
focused toward the southern part of
the state, rather than toward the Co
lumbia River territory of the Wasco
and Warm Springs tribes.
In that year there was a battle on
the Rogue River between a group of
whites from the Shasta area, and Indi
ans of the Rogue Valley. It is this inci
dent, which began when four Indians
being held as prisoners were suddenly
fired upon and killed, that is com
mented upon at some length in the 1852
government reports regarding the Or
There is no specific mention of the
Wascos and Warm Springs Indians in
correspondence between the Oregon
Agency and Washington, D.C.
Documentation from 1852 shows
that the government by then had aban
doned the idea, proposed in 1850, of
removing the tribes of the Willamette
Valley to areas east of the Cascades.
Instead, the idea now was to create to
large reservations, one in the north part
of the state and one at the south, and
then remove the tribes west of the
Cascades to these "two grand colonies,"
as the report states. The same thing was
to happen to the Indians of California.
Still there was a lot of uncertainty
and confusion. Regarding the two-reservation
idea, the Commissioner of
Indian Affairs wrote to the Secretary
of the Interior. "That the plan sug
gested cannot be carried into success
ful operation without the expenditure
of large sums of money is readily con
nurture local talent
dents from Warm Springs will take part
in a summer residency program, where
they meet and work with artists and
art instructors, at the Oregon College
of Art and Craft.
The feasibility study, for the mo
ment, has been sidelined until comple
tion of the artists' village, Santos said.
Forming the artists' village, Santos
said, will take years, but when it is com
pleted, it will have been with as little
public funding as possible.
"This is a project that has to be done
with our own hands, with support, of
course, lots of support," she said. "And
we can build on that support.
"I see this as a process. This will take
several years, to develop the founda
tion, whether it's the library or the build-
ceded; but what other measure ad
equate to the exigencies of the case
is free from the same objection?
Something better, it is hoped, may
yet be advised."
Regarding the government's deal
ings with Indians in general the com
missioner writes in 1852:
"The want of uniformity in our
Indian treaties is a source of much
confusion and embarrassment. They
have been made from time to time
to meet the emergency of particu
lar occasions, and without reference
to system or general principles. They,
however, constitute an important
part of the supreme law of the land,
and there are unique reasons why
they should be carried faithfully into
The committee that is planning
the events to mark the 150th anni
versary of the treaty of 1855 met
for discussion last week at the Mu
seum at Warm Springs.
The committee is considering
many ways to commemorate the
anniversary of the treaty. Part of the
commemoration will be duiing Pi-Ume-Sha
this year, after the parade
on Saturday. There will be speakers
on the subject of the treaty, and the
rights the tribes retain to the ceded
lands. Duran Bobb is working on a
script for a re-enactment of the sign
ing of the treaty, which happened at
the Treaty Oak near The Dalles in
ing of the studios," she said. "It's an
internal movement to create culture
and creative change, so we can have
cultural tourism and advance the ca
reers of youth and support our small
Santos said she plans to schedule
meetings involving the Warm Springs
community and tribal leaders to "reach
out into the community."
The meetings, she said, should be
gin in April and would be held at the
Currently, Santos said she is design
ing a commemorative coin to honor
the Warm Springs treaty of 1855. The
treaty's 150,h anniversary will be cel
ebrated this year.
See VILLAGE on page 8
By Selena Boise
The time has come for the young
artists of Warm Springs to show their
works at the Museum At Warm Springs
Changing Exhibits gallery.
When you go there to see the dis
play you will see the Native American
traditional arts like the wapas bag,
beaded medallions, and dream catch
ers. At the same time you will see art
work in other media like drawings,
paintings, and weavings.
The children of Warm Springs are
taught to bring out their creativity in
Native American art, and contemporary
art, while at the same time learning
Native American traditional pieces like
the paper Shaptakai's that were on dis
play. While they do not use the tradi
tional materials used by elders in mak
ing Shaptakai, the children learn the con
cept of the Shaptakai and make them
out of paper.
An interesting part of the exhibit is
that, alongside the actual youth art
pieces, the Museum has on display
pieces of art from the permanent ex
hibit. This is done to show the con
cepts of the traditional pieces.
The masks that are on display are
interesting pieces of art, because they
are very creative in the making of the
the actual face, the eyes, mouth, and hair.
The individuality of each artist is
present in each mask.
The drawings, paintings, and
weavings are interesting to see because
they show the emerging artists who have
that rare ability to draw pictures, of
people, landscapes or Native American
It is always interesting to see the
drawings of partial picture, partial
drawing. The small children also are
able to draw or paint pictures of im
ages that they have seen or wish they
could see. In later years they may have
emerged into an artist, drawing people
or landscapes with such great detail.
Painting at youth art exhibit.