Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 17, 2005)
University of Oregon Library
Received oni 02-23-85
P.O. Box 870
Warm Springs, OR 97761
tUGCNE. OR 9
Warm Springs, OR 97761
Coyote News, est. 1976
February 17, 2005 Vol. 30, No. 4
New gymnasium opening this week
The new Warm Springs Elementary
School gymnasium is finished. The
building was officially dedicated this
week with an opening prayer ceremony
conducted by Warm Springs Chief
Community members are invited
Friday, Feb. 18, to an open house at
the gymnasium. The building is open
to the public from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. This
is a first opportunity to see the new
building, which turned out to be very
beautiful, said Dawn Smith, principal
By Selena Boise
Teambuilding and learning were
among the fun things youth who at
tended a Lego Robotics "Basketball"
seminar at the Oregon State Univer
sity Extension Services presented by 4
H and OSU Extension agents at Warm
Springs earlier this month.
From morning until afternoon the
kids used RCX Lego bricks to build a
robot as a team and then programmed
the robot to move a ball into a basket
ball hoop. The kills, as a team, were in
charge of the design, building, and pro
gramming. Learning to build the robft was a
key component, as the studclw'jhad to
see the structure and stability of the
robot. They attached a motor, touch
sensors, light sensors, and rotation sen
sors. Problem-solving and motor control
were important, as they went into the
basic programming using ROBOLAB.
Their robots were plugged into the
computer, and the kids actually pro
grammed how the arm would work.
The arm would need to move a par
ticular speed to shoot the ball into the
Assistant professor Sarah Cofer of
OSU Extension Services in Redmond,
who works with the Central Oregon 4
H agents to provide technological edu
cation for youth, taught the class..
Cofer receives requests from 4-H
agents for her expertise in areas that
benefit their communities.
Phase see ROBOTS on page 9
of Warm Springs elementary.
"The floor is beautiful. It's maple,"
Smith said. "We tried to keep basic lines,
so it's not cluttered."
The school emblem, an eagle, is
hand-painted into the jump circle at the
center of the floor, she said.
The gymnasium has a high-vaulted
ceiling with wooden beams. I ligh on the
wall is the tribal emblem of three tee
pees. Besides the spacious main floor,
the gym includes a stage and a physical
The new gym is a great improvement
over what the elementary school has had
to use for the last couple school years.
During planning and construction of
the building, the school used a small
modular trailer for physical education
For the dedication ceremony on
Monday, students gathered in the new
gym for a short prayer service by Chief
Heath. The students gave the supervi
sor of the gym construction team a
The new gym is larger than the old
one and is also aligned differently, fac
ing east and west rather than north
A goal in developing the building
has been to make it of use to the
entire Warm Springs community,
while also serving mainly as the school
The old elementary school gym,
which burned down in December of
2003, was often used for commu
at Sherar's Falls
SHERAR'S FALLS (AP) - It would
literally take a tragedy to keep Roland
Kalama from fishing the Deschutes
River. As a tribal member, fishing is
more than a pastime, it's part of his
But if there is one thing that could
keep Kalama from fishing, it is also his
culture. "If you lose a member of your
family, or someone close to you, you
mourn before you fish again," he said.
The self-imposed ban on fishing
usually lasts a year or longer from the
person's death. "It's an individual thing,"
he said. "For some people, fishing is
healing. It helps them mourn their loss."
Kalama hasn't fished the Columbia
River in more than seven years, since
the death of a close friend, but he still
fishes on the Deschutes.
During salmon season, Kalama, 43,
works 10-hour shifts at Sherar's Falls
as a "creeler" for the tribes. "If you
could call this work," he added.
His title refers to the wicker bas
kets called "creels" that traditional fish
ermen used to transport their catch
See SHERAR'S FALLS on page 7
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Young dancers performed at the Lincoln's Birthday Powwow last weekend. More pictures on 9.
Unexpected delivery at Deschutes Crossing
By Brian Mortensen
Delia Suppah knew she was
ready to give birth to her third child
sometime last week. That's what the
doctor told her on the phone in the
evening on Saturday, Feb. 5.
So she and her boyfriend, Aldo
Garcia, started driving from their
home in Seekseequa to Madras to
register her at the Mountain View
Except, they wouldn't get that
"We were coming down from
Seekseequa," Suppah, 19, said. "We
got halfway, and my water broke."
To get to Madras, of course, they
had to drive the 15 minutes to
where the Jackson Trail Road inter
sects with U.S. 26, where the
Deschutes Crossing restaurant is.
"He started to come out about
two miles from Deschutes Cross
ing." "He" is Avan John Garcia, who
was born just after 8 p.m. in the
parking lot of the restaurant
Using her cell phone, she called
911 to alert emergency personnel
her baby was coming, but by the time
Warm Springs Police officer John
Webb arrived, Avan John had already
made his appearance.
"He was already born before they
got there," she said. "It happened too
"I asked her when it was that she
began having contractions, and why she
didn't come to the hospital sooner," said
Creston Smith, a Basic EMT who has
been certified since March.
She explained, Smith said, that the
doctor at Mountain View had told her
that when the contractions came every
10 to five minutes apart she should
come to the hospital. She would be
ready to deliver soon.
Three minutes after Suppah's 911
call, the Warm Springs ambulance, with
Creston Smith and Juanita Majel, an
EMT intermediate, arrived to take her
to the hospital.
Avan Suppah came out feet first, a
breech baby, which include about three
percent of babies born worldwide. He
was determined healthy, Smith said, with
the use of the APGAR scale, which
determines newborn health by apply
ing a numerical scale to the baby's
muscle tone, heart rate, reflex re
sponse, color and rate of breathing.
The APGAR scale is usually given
one minute after birth and five min
utes after birth.
Smith cut the umbilical cord and
he and Majel prepared Suppah for
transport via hospital to Mountain
View Hospital in Madras.
Webb left his car at the Deschutes
Crossing's parking lot and drove the
ambulance while Smith and Majel
tended to Suppah and her son in the
"It was cool," Smith said. "I like
caring for pediatric patients. I've
been reading up on it every time I
get a chance."
In the past, Smith said he's cared
for a three-day-old baby and a five-day-old
baby. Avan Garcia would be
the youngest he's cared for.
Suppah stayed at the hospital
from the time of their arrival Nov.
5 until Monday, Nov. 7, she said. She
said she and her son were fine after
they had returned to Seekseequa,
where she and Garcia, 27, share a
home. Avan is Suppah's third child.
She has two other sons, ages 2 and 1.
(l' bt following is an article in a se
ries regarding the Treaty of 1855, This
June the Treaty will be 150 years old.)
By Dave McM echan
The year 1851 saw the resolution
of an important issue regarding the
future of the Indian tribes of Oregon.
The issue was whether the federal gov
ernment would relocate the tribes liv
ing west of the Cascades to areas east
of the mountains.
None of the tribes west of the Cas
cades, nor those east of the Cascades
agreed to this, and in the end the gov
ernment abandoned the idea.
In 1851, some tribes of the
Willamette Valley, where large numbers
of whites had already settled, signed
treaties with the government, creating
reservations within their ceded lands.
It would be another four years before
the tribes of the Columbia and
Deschutes would come to similar ar
There was one meeting in 1851 be
tween the tribes and the representative
of the federal government, Anson
Dart, superintendent of Indian Affairs
for the Oregon Territory.
The meeting was held in June at The
Dalles. The main point of discussion
was the government's idea of moving (
tribes from the Willamette Valley to
areas east of the Cascades.
During the meeting, according to
Dart, "a variety of arguments were
made use of to demonstrate the wrong
that would be inflicted upon their tribes
(the Wascos) were the government to
send among them the Indians west of
For one thing, the habits and cus
toms of each tribes was different. The
Wascos also feared being exposed to
more diseases, ones to which the tribes
of the valley had already been exposed.
Dart reports, "I stated to them that
the government did not intend to force
the Indians west of the mountains
among them, nor would their lands be
taken from them without a fair and just
equivalent. They separated in high spir
its." In his report of 1851, Dart wrote,
"Wascopans occupy the country on
both sides of the Columbia at the
Dalles, and on the Deschutes or Fall
river. They are divided into three bands,
and all speak the Walla Walla and Chi
nook languages. They number in all
The number of tribal members was
stated as follows: "Wascopans, two
bands at the Dalles, 129 men, 206
women, 147 children (total 482).
Deschutes band, 95 men, 115 women,
90 children (total 300)."
These numbers are a small fraction
of the number of Indians that had been
living in the area just a few decades
earlier. As a way of putting perspec
tive on the numbers, consider:
In his 1851 report Dart says that
there are perhaps 100 or so "Chinooks
divided into five bands" living on the
Columbia from the mouth about 60
miles up. "In 1828, they were thought
to number nearly 20,000."
Refuse to relocate
The commission reports of 1851
focused more on the tribes west of the
Cascades: the government saw a more
pressing need to conclude treaties with
these tribes, as their lands were being
rapidly occupied by the settlers. In 1 85 1,
six treaties were negotiated between the
government and bands of the
Calapoogas and Mollalas.
Phase see TREATY on page 9