Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 29, 1996)
Warm Springs, Oregon
August 29,1996 3
Early Childhood Education news-
Head Start parent orientation is
scheduled for Tuesday, September
3rd, at the Head Start Pod A from
9:00am 1 1 :00am. Parents who have
not already brought in Proof of In
come, USDA forms, Emergency
Contact Authorization Pickup, Im
munization records, custody orders,
etc.; you are expected to do so on this
day. Vou will find out yourchildrcn's
classroom assignment when you at
tend this orientation.
Our goal is to serve 100 of the
four year olds in our service area
first, then any remaining slots will be
filled by three year olds meeting Head
Start criteria, which is based on need.
Your child need to have a complete
Head Start packet on file in order to
be considered. Head Start begins
Wednesday, September 4th.
Head Start health screenings will
begin in September. Each year every
child enrolled in Head Start needs to
receive dental, hearing and vision
screenings within 45 days of Head
Start. Dr. Ken Weidenfcld of IHS
will visit Head Start classrooms dur
ing the month of October to look at
the children's teeth. Please assist us
by talking to your child about the
dentist. He is only taking a look so
there will be no pain. If you feel your
child needs your support, please plan
to be there with your child. Parents
will receive report cards which will
indicate if a child needs follow up at
IHS. It will be the parents responsi
bility to make appointments tor the
child's follow up with the dental,
vision and hearing results.
Working It Out With Kids
The parents I know who have been
most successful at instilling a sense
of domestic responsibility in their
children began when their kids were
still in diapers. But it's never too late
Start Early, Start Small
For very young children, the line
dividing play from help is virtually
nonexistent. To a toddler, it's just as
much fun to hang up laundry with
clothespins as it is to do a puzzle. For
a three or four year old, shelling
peas, sorting forks and spoons, put
ting wet laundry in the dryer, and
matching up clean socks are exciting
activities. It's best, though, not to
assign young children jobs that are
too time consuming and difficult.
Making the Job Fun
All to often parents use work as
punishment, and there's no quicker
way to kill a child's enthusiasm for
lending a hand. Until you divulge
that housework isn't supposed to be
fun, most children will happily set
about the tasks you assign.
Try giving a child his or her own
tools a child-size broom and dust-
an, perhaps, or his own opron with
ig pockets to hold a cleaning rag
and bottle of Murphy's Oil Soap.
Keep Wages to a Minimum
Be wary of offering financial re
wards as an incentive for house work.
Paying children can convey the mes
sage that housework is a drag. And
once you offer money, you'll be
hard-pressed to withhold pay later.
But that's not to say some jobs like
cleaning the attic don't deserve a
Most kids prefer to work with
someone else instead of all alone.
Clean alongside your child (at first,
anyway), accompanied by music.
Don't Be Too Picky
Keep in mind that a child whose
early work experiences are both sat
isfying and successful is a lot more
motivated to tackle other projects
than a child who has been criticized.
Praise his efforts, and forgive his
inevitable shortcomings, especially
the first few times. (And don't let
him see you redoing his work ten
minutes after he's finished a job.
Kids know when they're being pa
tronized or given jobs that are noth
ing more than busy work.) If you want
to live in a household where every
body takes on part of the load, you
may have to lower your standards for
a while. Be Consistent. This is the
most important rule of all. Overly
ambitious programs aimed at boost
ing kids' household helpfulness are
ull too often abandoned when they
begin breaking down. You're belter
off giving your child just one regular
job-such as carrying out the trash or
setting the table -and sticking to your
requirement that she do it.
Diet & Nutrition
Dairy Products And Bone Strength
In Adolescent Girls
Dairy products are not as popular
as they used to be, especially among
adolescent girls. This trend could be
harmful, because if girls don't cat
enough calcium during their critical
growth phase, they may not develop
bone strength that might protect them
from osteoporosis in later adult life.
Research from the University of Utah
conducted an experiment involving
48 girls whose average age was 1 1
years. The diet in one group was
supplemented with dairy products so
they would get the recommended
daily allowance of calcium ( 1 200mg
per day);thc other group ate their
usual diet, and their average calcium
intake was only 728 mg per day.
After one year, the authors found
that the girls who ate the dairy prod
ucts had more bone mass than the
girls who ate their usual (low cal
School begins September 4 in Jefferson County
Classes in Jefferson County 509-J School District will begin
Wednesday, September 4. Full kindergarten classes will begin
At registration, parent conferences and partial class sessions
will be scheduled with parents of kindergarten students. Parent
conferences will begin September 4.
Kindergarten students must have proof of immunization and
proof of birthday. Students must be five years of age before
Students, in kindergarten through senior high school, new to
509-J may register at their respective schools.
The Warm Springs Elementary is open for new student
Grades 9-12 may register at the high school. Call to schedule
High School sports practice began August 19.
Jefferson County School District does not insure students and
or athletes while participating in school classes, school activities
or school athletics. Students desiring insurance must make
individual arrangements with a company of their choice.
Prices for school meals
Reduced prices upon approval of application
Applications for reduced prices are available at school offices.
Reduced price guidelines are as follows:
Local bus schedule
Start run l-Dcpart WSE to Sid waiter flats, Butte Road-7; 1 5, to
Start run 2-Depart VVS cafeteria to Kalama Loop, Kot-Num
Road, to Hollywood Blvd. to WSE-7:55
Start run 3-Depart VVS cafeteria to Mobile Park-8:04, Elliott
Ills.. Phase 2, Lookish St.. to WSE.
Start run l-Jackson Trail, Seckseekqua
Start run 2-11 wy 26, Walscy Lane
Start run 3-Miller Ills, Upper Dry Creek, George St., Beaver
ur 1 .3 nines past end oi upper ury LrecK ko, DatK to i ommic
St., turn L, complete loop down Tommie St. to WSE.
Start-Simnasho, Schoolie Flat, to Sunnysidc; proceed to WS
cafeteria, WSE. Leave campus-8:00 a.m. for Madras schools.
Start-Charley's Canyon, Kah-Nee-Ta Hamlet-6:50; go to Wolf
Point-7:30; Proceed to Warm Springs; Leave Warm Springs
campus-8;00 for Madras schools.
Start-Gravel Rd. ( Kalama, Suppah), to Eagle Way, Deer Loop
7:38, Elk Loop, Tenino Ct.-7:45, WSE to SH-8:15, Madras
Start-Pick up on Upper Dry Creek, to end of Tommie St., to end
of pavement on Upper Dry Creek Rd., to WS cafetcria-7;55, to
WS Fire Hall, leave campus for Madras schools-8:00.
Start-West Hills Dr., to Poosh, to SH-8:15, to JCMS-8:20.
Start-From Canyon Ct. to WSE-7:30, to North Hollywood, to
Tenino, to Quail Trail, to Mt. Jefferson Way, to Lookish to Quail
Trail, to E. Tenino to Hwy 26, to Deschutes Ct to Hwy 26, to
SH-8M5, to Madras Elcmcntary-8:17, to JCMS-8:23.
Start run 1-Leave WSE, to Hollywood Blvd., Tenino Rd., to
Aguilar's-7:46, turn around, go back to West Hills Dr. Pick up
on Foster, Bray & Shcpard-8:00, to cafctcria-8:26, WSE-8:29.
Start run 2-Rcturn to West Hills Dr., pick up on Tao Shuh,
Poosh, Kalish St., Shcpard-8:20, to cafeteria-8:26, WSE-8:29.
First stop, Hwy 9 by Simnasho School-7:10, to corral at Kah-Nce-Tah
Junction-7:45, on to Mile Post 18-7:50, to Mile Post
19-7:52, to 220 Road-7:55, to Mile Post 20-7:56, to 300 Road
8:00, arrive Simnasho School-8:05.
West Hills-5th and 6th Grades ONLY, plus "overload."
Household Size Annual Month Week
1 I $14,319 I $1,194 $276
2 $19,166 $1,598 $369
3 $24,013 $2,002 $462
4 $28,860 $2,405 $555
5 $33,707 $3,809 $649
6 $38,554 $3,213 $742
7 $43,401 $3,617 $835
8 $48,248 $4,021 $928
For each additional
family, add 4,847' 404 94
A conversation with Lizzie Rhoan
".' -. .V
9Wm - ,H
Lizzie at her home, Upper Dry Creek.
Warm Springs tribal member,
Elizabeth "Lizzie" Rhoan, was born
to Mary Tucktuck-McBride and Wil
liam McBride September 5, 1918 at
Swim, a meadow where the people
of long ago used to camp. It is now
called Still Creek. Lizzie was born
at that meadow with the help of a
midwife, who she remembers being
Stella McKinley's mother.
Her maternal grandparents were
Jack Rabbit Tucktuck and
McMonmuth. Her paternal grandfa
ther was Xaixni. She could not re
member her grandmother's name.
Lizzie's father worked on the rail
road track at North Junction. When
she was a year and four months old,
Lizzie's mother passed on 1919, dur
ing an influenza epidemic. It was just
below Whiskey Dick's that she
passed on. Her father passed on when
he was 90-years-old.
Lizzie had two sisters, Lillie
Heath and Dora Miller. Her father
remarried when she was four and
they had a step-sister, named Clara
After her mother died, Lizzie lived
with her cousin, Hazel Tewee, for one
year. Then Edna David's mother kept
her for one year. After that year her
father, William, kept her and Dora
until they went to school.
Lizzie grew up in the Simnasho
area, where Earl Miller lives now.
Grant Waheneka's parents lived
south of her home and her grandpar
ents lived to the north. Her neighbors
lived about a mile away.
For playmates Lizzie and Dora
had a sow who had baby pigs. "I
don't think they could tell which
were the pigs," Lizzie jokingly adds.
Her father, William, raised wheat
at Simnasho. He would trade his
wheat for two barrels of flour at
Maupin and sometimes Tygh Valley.
One barrel of flour he would take to
Celilo and trade for salmon. The
other barrel he would keep for home
Lizzie used to go to church in
Simnasho by horseback. She said the
minister used to live by the church,
his house used to also serve as the
post office. He used to go to
Wapinitia to pick up the mail. She
also attended Washut Services while
growing up because her dad was a
strong believer. At Chemawa she was
baptized into the Protestant Church.
When she returned to Warm Springs
she went to the Baptist Church and
that's where her kids went, too.
Lizzie went to boarding school in
Warm Springs until the sixth grade.
She went to Chemawa for the sixth
and seventh grades and back to Warm
Springs Boarding School for the
eighth grade. Then she went to
Chemawa for the ninth grade until
she came back to Warm Springs and
She spoke Sahaptin while she was
growing up, until she went to board
ing school, where she was allowed
to speak only English. She adds, "My
sister was ahead of me so she taught
me a few words of English."
"I played with Louella Johnson
and Julia Barney and learned to speak
Paiute. Theda Aguilar taught us how
to speak Wasco and Sylvia
Queahpama and I taught Warm
Springs language. Now I only know
the nasty words of Paiute."
When asked about boarding
school, Lizzie said, "Boarding school
was tough and I always heard a lot
of bad things about it. To me, it
seemed boarding school was a relief
to our parents, who were having a
hard time. Boarding school took kids
away from home, but they were fed
beans and milk. I learned to set table,
make bread, clean table, mop floors.
We had to make our beds so that a
quarter would bounce off of them.
There would be a captain or a major
that would come and visit once a
month and look for dust. He would
check everything for dust. He would
make us get out there and march for
him. We had to click our heels when
we turned. If we didn't do it right,
we had to do it ten more times."
She goes on to say, "We used to
only get out for Christmas and Root
Feast each year."
"At Chemawa I learned to set
table for a banquet, cook, do laun
dry, slice bread. We would slice our
bread thin so that we'd have a loaf
left over. I learned to embroider, sew
with a machine. We used to mend
clothes for the school and darn the
Lizzie said in the boarding school
she only had rag dolls to play with.
She also played hopscotch, jumped
rope and played stick ball with a rag
ball and a piece of board.
Before she got married, Lizzie
worked in a CC Camp. Priscilla
Macy was her first boss. She worked
at Agency Camp, Peter's Pasture
Camp and Old Mill Camp for a dol
lar a day until she was married.
Lizzie moved to Simnasho after
marrying. Then she moved to Agency
when Emil worked for the school. He
also worked on the construction of
the air base in Madras.
"Everyone was poor," Lizzie says.
"No one could say 'my parents are
rich'. People sewed gloves and
mocassins to sell. My stepmother
would cut out 100 pairs of gloves to
trade for groceries. She'd get a dol
lar a pair. My father had a white
friend who he would trade gloves for
hides. That's how people lived, trad
ing gloves for groceries."
Lizzie goes on to say,"We were
poor. My dad brought wheat to H.E.
Massey. I got a nickel a week. That
was a lot of money at that time. A lot
of kids didn't have that so we were
lucky. But we would share, buy those
stick candy with aluminum rings on
them. We'd put those rings on our
fingers as jewelry and our fingers
would turn green," Lizzie laughs.
Lizzie also learned to beadwork
and her sisters, Dora and Clara,
learned to beadwork, "They'd
beadwork beautifully," she said.
Lizzie said they also did Indian
trading, "It's a lost art. We traded for
baskets and blankets."
Lizzie married Emil Rhoan at age
17. They had two boys and three
girls-Lyle, Gordon, Cassimera,
Sharlayne and Felicia. Lizzie has ten
grandchildren, one great-grand child
and one great-great-grand child.
After marrying Emil, Lizzie says
they would travel to county fairs and
horse races. She said, "We had one
good horse, a quarter horse, and my
dad would set up a race.
She did a lot of traveling with her
children who played sports. They
traveled to Montana, Yakama,
Chiloquin and Hoopa when the Mag
pies first became an organization.
After that, the kids were Indian
dancing and she traveled to Montana,
Idaho and California for the pow
wows. Then later she traveled with her
friend Ada Sooksoit to the
stickgames. She adds jokingly, "We
went to Canada to do that. But we
enjoyed ourselves. It's an old, origi
nal gaming and I hope it never fades
Lizzie is not a veteran but she has
an aunt who was a scout. The aunt
followed her boyfriend to the Modoc
In comparing the past to the
present Lizzie says, "I think we had
a hard time grow ing up, but I enjoyed
it It's too fast now with the drinking
and drugs. I'm always wondering
what's going to happen next."
She says that in the past, Indian
women would sit and visit, trade pat
terns and talk about their beadwork.
That was really important in their
"I learned to have respect for
money because we had a hard time
with it. Everybody had a hard time
with it." She goes on to add, "At
Chemawa my dad would leave a dol
lar at the office for me. Every other
week the girls got to go to Salem. The
bus fare was ten cents round trip, the
movie was ten cents, popcorn was a
nickel. My dollar would last me a
whole month. Now a dollar would get
you a bottle of pop or a candy bar."
Another thing her father taught her
was that when a person comes to your
house, always ask them if they ate.
Never let them leave hungry. That
was what all kids were taught, no
matter how little you had.
She shared her experiences with
the whipman in the past. She was
raised with a whipman who came to
their home once a month. His name
was Johnny Quinn. They'd see him
coming and say, "Oh no, here he
comes. We're going to get switched.
Even if we didn't do anything wrong.
He would make us go out and get our
own switches. I brought a little one
once and it broke, so I had to go get
a bigger one and oh did he hit me! I
never brought a little switch again.
He'd ask us how many we wanted. I
asked for one, that was not enough. I
asked for ten, that was too much. Five
was just right.
"He would tell us that the frogs
and magpies told him we were mis
behaving. We were so gullible, we
believed him. I would go out and find
the frogs and switch them for telling
on me. And I climbed up the trees to
the magpies' nests and break their
eggs for telling on me."
Things are different now. Today,
we're not allowed to spank our kids,
I did mine. I think parents need to
teach their children to mind, tell them
no. These days, first word baby learns
is shut up, they talk back. They need
to spank their children and teach
them to mind."
Lizzie with her husband Emil (left), holding their son Lyle.