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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1924)
TIIE OREGON STATESMANSALEM, OREGON
THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 24, 1021
S ELLI N G SA L EM D I SSMiSB
ca. r? Plt. temt to
Pj, all kind of hard-wood
T i ZZ A PXJL4 -
XHCH ST. AT TOADS
LliTJ SAYS OUR eilAPE IKDUSTRY
IS CIPIG. CCD SHOULD BECK BIG
I.'2 Says We Can Grow the Grape Juice Varieties in Quanti
ty, and We Should Get Grape Juice Factories to Locate
Here, and f Jo Doubt Will, By Keeping i Up the Growth
cf the Industry and Giving the Best of Care to Our
(Th following article, down to
the closing paragraph under the
dash in parenthesis, was published
Tin the. Slogan namber of The
" Statesman of last year:) ;
' J. It. (Jim) Linn of Salem still
takes much interest in and gives
f much care -to his four-acre grape
Tineyard on his farm in the Liber
ty district, four miles south of Sa-
'lem though he is Interested in
many other things, including Hotel
I-Iarion, hops, loganberries, general
farming- and stock raising, etc.
when Mr. Linn was a number
cf years younger than he is now,
he was on the payrolls of the state
' of California, working at the home
'for the feeble-minded children at
Clsa Ellen, In the Sonoma valley,
lie then had the care of the vine
y;rd of that institution, and the
vineyard that he attended was
across the road from the' one on
the farm of Jack London, the great
rovellst, and near one owned " by
Dr. Donnelly, mayor of. San Fran-
i cIsco and whilom candidate for
5 governor of California.
There was a good deal of rival
ry between Mr. Linn and Jack
London, for the great story writer
M'UH- fLAT PUTCH-
Many more gardeners would
erow cabbages if they felt certain
they could save them from the
ravages of the cabbage worm or
caterpillar, the green larva of the
white butterfly which riddles the
plants almost from the time they
get into healthy growth. This
can be done with a little care
but insecticides have to be ap
plied frequently as the butterflies
la7 eggs over a long period.
Fear that poison may get Jnto
the cabbage head, deters many
gardeners.; This can be obviated
by using some of the non poison
ous insecticides which are on the
inarket and which may be had for
tbe asking. Cabbages are a trans
planted crop. They are very hardy
and are one of the first vegetables
for the gardener to move from
frames or seed boxes to perman
ent quarters. v. ' -. .' :
While the cabbage flourishes
mucn more luxuriantly in some
climates ' than others there 5 is no
tectloa which cannot grow good
cabbages. Cool weather, plenty of
moisture, and rich deep soil are
? iieal conditions tor the develop-
Hf-t of the cabbage, cauliflower,
l : el3 sprouts and other mem
1 a ct the family. The cool
-taer cannot be furnished to
Dates of Slogans in Doily Statesman
(la Twice-a-Week Statesman Following Day);
. Loganberries, Oct.
Prases, Oct. 11. . j:IS3 23
Dairying. Oct. Iff. 7
Flax, Oct. SS. if - i
Filberts, Not. 1. :
Walnuts, Nor. 8
Strawberries, Not. IV.
Apples, Nor. 22.
Raspberries, Not. If.
Mint, December C .
Great cows, etc.. Dee. II.
Blackberries, Dee. 20.
Cherries, Dec 17.
Fears. Jan. S, 1S3. " '
Gooseberries, Jan. 10.
Corn, Jan. 17.
Celery," Jan. 4.
Spinach, etc., Jan. 11.
Onions, etc Feb. 7.
Potatoes, etc, Feb. 14.
Bees. Feb. 21.
Poultry and pet stock, Feb. 28.
Goats, March 6.
Beans, etc; March 11.
Pared highway, March 10.
Broccoli, etc, March 27.
Silos, etc, April 2.
Legumes, April 10..
Asparagus, etc., April 17.
Grapes, etc; April 24.
PACISIMG CO. I
thought he knew all about grape
growing, and he took great delight
in the arts of viticulture.
But Mr. Linn' made a study of
the science, too,1 and he worked
hard, and he thinks he put it all
over Jack London In the quality
and quantity of grapes grown. .;.
Like Polk Hills. ' 'V-
Mr. LIhri says the ' rape'" land
of the ' Sonoma valley district is
like the Polk county ; hills, only
rougher.- ' . ' ; " ;
He says the : rough rocky land
of the Willamette valley, with
south slopes, to get the best ad
vantage of the sunshine, is the best
for grapes In the country around
Salem. ' . :
Mr. Linn's . own vineyard is a
patch of land that was formerly
grown up to oak grubs and wild
things of the woods."
He set out his grape vines in
the spring of 1915; Concords and
Wordens, which he got from New
York. The Wordens are of the
Concord family; only larger and
finer. He set his vines eight feet
apart; set them like . hop vines.
There are three ways to culti
vate grapes; the stump system, the
order but -the deep rich soil and
the moisture can be had in .the
home garden. : ; , . ., . '
Cabbage soil should be manured
liberally It is a deep rooter and
heavy feeder and a little nitrate
of soda in' the bottom of the fur
row 'when the plats are set out Is
a fine starter and a spoonful to
a plant applied a few t)mes dur;
ing the season will work wonders.
The caution. must be repeated to
scatter the nitrate at least an
Inch from the stem so that none
of it will touch the plant.
There are three types and three
shapes of cabbage, the shapes not
corresponding to the type, , early
midseason and late, and conical,
flat and round.! Then there Is the
Savoy or crinkled dark green leav
ed variety, Ideal for immediate use
from the home garden as it is not
a long keeper like other varieties
but of the very finest quality.
No vegetable repays good cul
tivation as readily as the cabbage.
In the warmer sections the most
successful crops usually are the
late 'cabbages which may mature
In the cool fall weather. The late
cabbage and the larger kinds need
three feet of space, the earlier
sorts can be set from 18 to 24
Drug garden. May 1.
Sugar, beets, sorghumy
Water powers, May li. '
Irrigation, May 22. - i "
Mining, May 29.
Land, irrigation, etc, June S. '
Dehydration, June 11.
Hops, cabbage, etc, June 19.
Wholesaling and Jobbing.
Cucumbers, etc, July 1. t
Hogs, July 10.
City beautiful, ete.. July 17. !-
Schools, etc, July 24.
Sheep. July 11.
National adTertlslng, Aug. 7,
Seeds, etc, Aug. 14.
Livestock, Aug. 11.
Automotive industry, Aug. 28.
Grain and . grain products,
Sept. 4. . u '
Manufacturing, Sept. 11.
Woodworking, etc. Sept. If.
Paper mills, etc, Sept. 25.
(Back copies of the Thursday
editions of the Daily Oregon
Statesman are on hand. They are
tor sale at 10 cents each, mailed
to any address. Current copies,
trellising system and the layering
system. The grower can produce
more grapes to the acre with the
layering system than with either
of the other two; some Hungarians
and Germans in Marlon county are
producing 10 tons to the acre with
the layering system. But that sys
tem takes the most labor of all.
Then, there; is the trellising sys
tem described in this issue by
Mr.1 Linn uses the stumping sys
tem. - '
He says this is the sytem U3ed
in California for large acreage. It
makes for . easy cultivation and
harvesting. f; '
The' second year tie up the first
year 8 growth to a stake 18 inches
high which' makes the stump of
the vine. Each year after that cut
back the season's growth to about
two eyes. Thus the new growth
will branch out and make a bush
high enough to carry the fruit off
the ground." When the vines pro
duce fruit, to get perfect fruit
pinch back the vines ' about the
first of July to two joints in or
der to throw the growth into the
Another advantage, this wilt
make the winter pruning much
less. : .
Mr. Linn says that, while he
set his grapes about like hops,
deeper holes arc betteer.
He sa,ys that a grower here
may safely count on an average
of three tons to the acre, under
the stumping system; a well-tended
trellised vineyard will produce
five tons to the acre, and a lay
ered vineyard may bear 10 tons
to the acre.
The price should be at least
$100 a ton, in normal years. ;
Jelly and Jam plants here ought
to use all that is grown or . may
be grown for a long time here
abouts; for grape Jelly is a stan
dard product, in demand every
where. The Layering System. "
The layering system is rather
hard to describe without a pic
ture. But the principle is the
growing the year before of two cr
three vines about six feet long,
from the parent stump; theri the
covering of these vines with soil
for about two feet, supporting the
rest of the vines with stakes. The
part of the vine under the soil
grows ; rootlets and gets susten
ance from the soil to put growth
into the grapes on the part of the
vine exposed to the sunlight on
the state and the result Is a
great crop. ; . . ' i
10,000 Pounds Last Tear.
Mr. Linn has been gathering a
larger crop of grapes each succeed
ing year. Last year he had over
' Some of the above facts have
been given concerning this little
vineyard and the methods and de
scriptions of Mr. Linn in former
Slogan Issues of The Statesman;
but there are many new people and
new readers to whom they will be
new and interesting; who may
profit from their perusal '
For there is a growing Interest
in the grape Industry In the Salem
district, and there should be. '
. Mr. Linn says California grapes
have sold as high as $200 a ton In
recent years, but there is money
in grapes in the Salem district at
$100 a ton. One may expect at
least three tons to the acre, and
the harvesting Is not expensive
Mr. Linn himself, when he first
went to California, picked grapes
at $ 1 a ton and he picked two tons
a day. 4 The scales of wages are
higher than that now, but, even so,
the expense of harvesting grapes, is
low as compared with almost any
other fruit crop. ?
After Another Year.
: (Mr. Linn said yesterday that
his tonnage Increased last year
just how much he Is not sure, be
GRAPE JUICE FACTORIES; WHY
The Salem district is raising more and
But there will not be enough till grapes
are produced on every farm
And then there will hot be enough until
we get grape juice factories, and jam and
jelly factories, using annually an immense
tonnage of grapes. , j
For the American varieties, there are
many localities and locations here that are
ideal ; ; . H
1 In fact, there is no better (district in this
country for grapes of the American family.
There is a chance for leadership here ;
for organization, in the building up of the
factories that will make large markets
That will add to the annually increasing,
volume of new money coming here from
long distances. I i '
CASCADE BRAND HAMS,
cause he did not keep track of the
grapes he gave away. He told a
number of his friends to go out
and help themselves and they
picked several tons. He says this
little vineyard is getting to be the
best piece of property, he has, for
the size of the original Investment.
When it gets to be fifteen years
old, : and with good attention, it
will bear five tons to the acre. And
it will go on bearing that tonnage
and more during all the years of
his life, and for 1000 years long
er, perhaps, with just a little care
each year. Grape vines, or rather
grape trees, or grape Btumps, nev
er grow old, any more than a wal
nut or filbert tree grows old. They
renew themselves each year, and
only the heart , wood of the tree
grows old. Mr. Linn says he hears
more inquiry now than ever before
concerning grape growing in, this
section. Scarcely a day passes that
he does not have some one coming
to make inquiry concerning getting
a start in grape growing. - And
growers are giving their grapes
good attention now; taking caree
of the ' vines and keeping up
the soil fertility. What is
finer, he asks, than a grap
aibor, giving beauty and . af
fording shade, while making a
THE MIME SERVICES OF THE
' BEE TO THE OUIDIST EXPLAINED
Without Bees There Would Be No Pollination, and Pollina
. tion There Would Be No Fruit An Expert Explains
Plainly the Reasons Why
(The Slogan editor of The
Statesman has for years been say
ing and constantly repeating that
our orchardists must have honey
bees In order, to have any fruit.
The following by F. W. Allen,
division of promology. University
of California, gives plainly the
Practical orchardists may think
of fruit setting as only a natural
characteristic of orchard trees and
such it is, provided all conditions
are favorable. Fortunately, fav
orable conditions exist in most
years In the majority of orchards
and a good crop is harvested with
Falls City-Salem Lumber Co.
349 So. 12th SU Near S. P. Depot. A. B. Kelsay, Mgr.
ftait Mi's Slogan
BACON AND LARD
good return for its care? Mr. Linn
says not to set out the .European
varieties here. They are all right
in California, where the summers
are hot, but they will not ripen
properly here. Set out the Con
cord Worden, Moore's Early, Ni
agara, etc.; the American - varie
ties; the Concord varieties; the
kinds that make the grape juice of
commerce; i the Hudson river va
rieties. They will do as well here
as they do in the districts where
they are grown over wide areas for
the fading grape juice factories.
Grapes also make very fine vinegar
and they are largely used In jelly
making in both domestic and com
mercial volume. Mr. Linn believes
we should have grape juice factor
ies here, and that we will get them
If we keep on growing larger quan
tities of the right varieties. Why
not? You can pick grapes. for $2
a ton, while it costs $40 a ton and
more to pick our berries. And
grapes now sell for around 5 'cents
a pound, or $100 a ton. They can
be produced at a profit here at
lower prices. There are a number
of growers , in the Salem district
who make" their livings from grape
growing. ' Their vineyards are, be
coming more valuable with every
little. If any, thought being given
to the necessary processes and in
fluencing factors which make such
a crop. The amateur grower nat
urally associates frultfulness with
blossoms but beyond this general
association the process of cell di
vision and development, when ful
ly explained, seems little short of
All fruits result from a pre-existing
flower. Most fruit flowers'
are of sufficient size and attrac
tiveness to be easily noticed, but
asidev from petals ' or floral parts
attractive to the eye. there must
be either in the same or separate
We can satisfy your v
every need from
& basement floor to
one TU GS
ZZ7 NcrtS WzH Etrtcl
Bscst This Cc:i?!tS!
ky Advertising ca i3 C2cs3
DID YOU KNOW that in the Salem district grapes of the
Concord (American) grape family can be grown in immense
quantities; that we have tens of thousands of acres of cheap
lands suitable for grape growing; that Salem ought to be
the Westfield of Oregon, and the Salem district the Chau
tauqua grape belt of the Pacific Coast; that Salem ought
to have great jelly and jam plants,' using an immense an
nual tonnage of grapes; that there is and will be. money
in grape growing, and a very great industry in this line is
within the grasp of Salem and surrounding country, and
that there is now more interest here than ever before in
flowers other less conspicuous but
highly essential : parts the pistil
and stamens. At the base of the
former : Is the" ovary or undevel
oped fruit while "at the upper ex
tremity are the anthers producing
the hundreds of pollen grains.
The first step in the setting of
frait Is- the .transfer of one or
more of these minute pollen grains
to the stigma or upper end of the
pistil. This is known as pollina
tion, which under favorable spring
weather, normally takes place
within a very few days after the
blossoms open. Since the anthers
are in close proximity to the pistil,
and in most instances slightly
above it, one may easily conclude
that the pollen grains simply fall
upon the stigma. Doubtless there
are instances where this is true,
but if the fruit grower had to de
pend upon this possibility, for his
fruit crop, he would soon be forced
to give up his orchard. . Wind, for
merly thought an important agen
cy in pollination. Is also now
known to be of little value in this
regard. . Insects,; however, espec
ially bees, have proved to be an in
dispensable aid to the fruit grower.
Data on this subject were obtained
with French prunes showing "that
where trees were enclosed under a
tent with a hive of i bees, the
amount of fruit set was four times
as great as in the average orchard
set. " " - i ?.
The Work of the Bees
In visiting flowers for the pur
pose of collecting nectar, bees in
cidentally touch one another and
brush off pollen. In subsequent
visits from blossom to blossom.
the pollen thus collected is carried
to the stigma of the pistil. Al
though pollination is not a diffi
cult task to perform by hand, man
will never enter this field except
in connection with plant breeding
experiments and just as long as
the bee is willing to perform this
service gratis, the bee will surely
be in demand. Unless wild bees
are present in considerable num
ber, orchardists are recommended
to have in their orchards at blos
soming time at least one stand of
bees for every acre of, trees.
Varieties ' of fruit possess dif
ferent blooming habits some hav
ing most of their blossoms open
ing within three or four days time.
and others blooming over a period
of perhaps two weeks. Weather
OUR diplomatic, po
lite services meet
with public approval.
The beautiful dignity
that characterises the
. this organization Is a
. symbol of respectful,
Webb, & Clough Co.
i FUNCRAIi' DHIECTCHS
409 Court at Skins. Kmu
Have you seen the "4
the modern way"
OREGON GRAVEL CO.
1405 N. Front -
condtlons, areinf luendng factors,
calm warm days ' bfeing conducive
to rapid opening of ' the flowers.
While cold windy or rainy weather
has the opposite effect. Inasmuch
as bees are hampered in their work
under the latter climatic condi
tions, this seems a very wise pro
vision on the part of nature.
Favorable.,' climatic: conditions
during the ' greater part of the
blossoming period are essential to
a "heavy set of fruit, as flowers
once in .full bloom must be pollin
ated with in a epriod of one or two
days, else fertilization will fall to
take place. :
The process "of fertilization is
the actual union of the pollen
grain on the stigma with the ovule
at the base of the pistil. Within
a few hours after coming in con
tact with the stigma the pollen
germinates and ' begins to send its
slender pollen tube down through
the 'center of the pisHl. ' After
passing ' down through- that por
tion known as the "style, it comes
in contact ; with "the ovary where
the nuclei of the pollen grain unite
with those of the ovule or "-egg cell.
Not .'until this process take3 place
is - th flower fertilized or; will it
develop a fruit.' Pollination -without
fertilization is ineffective as
evidenced by the fact that many
fruits will not 6et a satisfactory
crop with their own pollen. -
Fruit setting, therefore; depends
upon successful pollination with
acceptable pollen and this followed
by successful "fertilization, " and
both of these steps are influenced
markedly by the work of bees and
by general climatic conditions dur
ing the' blossoming period. ' '
Men' haven't destroyed civiliza
tion, but they have hurt its repu
tation Hke thunder."
Instructed delegates are a good
thing, but our greatest need is In
structed officials. - -
AL4censd Ldy Embalmer
-to care for women and
children Is a necessity in
all funeral homes. We are
the only onu furnishing
such service. .
j ' '
77 CAemakeU Et,
Phone 7S4 Ealem, Oresoa
V The Salem district should develop a
great, grape' growing industry, and -vc
should have grape juice factories.
Ianoab, School Helps find
Tour order will be given.
Kent S. Kraps, Mgr.
' " '. Box 08 " "
Ealem, - ... .. - r Oregon
cold Lvi iYir:
y P S f. r,
CIS Czz.d Cc:i;-1 rj
1S4 S. Ooml Ci, VL'sx.Z '
ST AT ESL! A II
The shortest distance LettiT, ;
-s buyer and seller.;
Auto Electric . c;;
' 71 8. CommercLJ C
The Icsttr3 I.T: : .
Oregon Out cf TczZilI I
: DIiAGEil 'EIUi?
' ' ' -
21 8. JZlzh EtvC&ien. C.
Always In the mr.rlict f ;r
(dried fruita cf tH tkzl:
1 To look after yesr L
Ing plants and see that it !j
In good order, or If yon ars
going to need a new ens.
Thll U the
tine to bay It!.
164 S. Coza'l
Orffully Crown Carcf ."
Selected Carcfu'.Ty rtclt
Will Give Eatlsfacilca t t "
i ,,j cc:.:?A:r -