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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 4, 1921)
FRIDAY MORNING. MARCH 4, 1921
- THE UKKUUN STATESMAN. BALJvM. UKUUUlM : ;
M"MWaweTaMaTTTaTTTaTTTaT . aaa . I n,.LIMM.l f a U'arln IS ft m mrA I f Tt' : r r- a a ,1 w t .
jj ii ii mi i .1 i.H-i. i i. i i i i i ' i t. i k . m1 1 1 1 i i uiiii m i in laini. mm i
sued Dally Except Monday by
1 THR STATESMAN PIUMSHIXQ COMPANY
215 8. Commercial St.. Salem. Oregon
(Portland Office. 704 Spalding Building. Phone Main 111!)
MEMBEK OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The" AitoHated Presi la exclusively entitled to the use for repub
lication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited
la this paper and also the local news published herein. -
R. J. Hendricks. .
Stephen A, 8tone.
Ralph G lover... .
. .Manager Job Dept.
DAILY STATESMAN, served by carrier 1a Salem ind suburbs. Is
f cents a week, 66 cents a monlO. , . ,
DAILY STATESMAN, by mail, fa advance, Ha year, $3 for six
I months, $1.60 for three months. In Marlon and Polk counties;
17 a year, 13.50 for six months. $1.76 for three months, out
side of theae counties. When not paid In advance, 60 cents a
1 ' ar aiiltlnnal. .
THE PACIFIC HOMESTEAD, the great western weekly farm paper.
; wli be rent a year to any one paying jr '
SUNDAY STATESMAN, $1.60 a year; 76 cents for six months, 40
cents for three months. . ,
WEEKLY STATESMAN, Issued In two six-page C,V, an n?!
and Fridays. $1 a year (if not paid In advance, $1.26); 60 cents
for six months; 26 cents for three months.
And the measure ef protection It
kave was fairly eatlsfactory for
tbe time when it was the law.
But it will be only a month or two
more till the new tariff law will
be on the statute book; and it
hould be a much better law for
the present times. There nave
been great changes in the world.
An emergency tariff law we
tbould have; should have bad
long before tbia. Hut the neces
sity for it is growing less every
day, by the near approach of tbe
time when the law now being
framed by the house ways and
means committee win oe in iorce
Business Office, 23.
Circulation Department, 613.
. Job Department, 683.
Society Editor 106.
Entered at the Postofflce la Salem, Oregon, as second class matter.
THE GLORIOUS DAY IS HERE
This" is the day on which the Republican party again as
sumes full charge at Washington . . . ,nna.
The party of progress ; the party of optimism and hope ,
, the party of vision and with the leadership and ability to car
ry out its visions x , ... v
Headed by Warren G Harding, a man who will demand
team work all down the line; who will trust his subordinates
! and will work with them and see to it that they work with
each other .... . .
Inspired with an Americanism that is not provincial,
that look to its own household, but does not forget that ev
ery man and every nation needing our help and encourage-
. . ii it. rA Comovifon tiro a a rtoifrn-
rneni is our neignuor -une iue uuw uouwimn
Knt tn ih man who needed his aid-
: And thus the United States of America will take its place
as the leading power of the world, in things material and in
things that are higher than material, for which, destiny this
Tlpntihlieiwiis net anart in the divine orHer of thinp-n.
! "Let the heavens be glad, find let the earth rejoice: and
let men say among the nations. 'The Lord reigneth.
' f T z
I WILSON AND HARDING A CONTRAST
I Thomas W. Lamont, who went to the Paris peace confer
ence with President Wilson, is reported by The Spokane
Spokesman-Review to have recently confessed in an address
at Philadelohia that the president "did not have a well organ
ized secretarial staff that "he did far too much of the work
himself ! In execution, Mr. Lamont added, "we all have a
blind spot. President Wilson's was his inability to use men
an inability, mind you, not a refusal. When any of us vol
unteered or insisted upon taking responsibility off his show
ders he was delighted.'
Mr. Lamont touches there, albeit with a kindly and gen
tie hand, the fatal weakness of Woodrow Wilson, his "inabili
ty to use men," in blunter words, his lack of generalship,
whether, that -failure sprang from mere incapacity, as Mr.
Lamont would have us believe, or had its roots in an mordin
tte vanity and petty desire to hold the stage to himself, as
nany others think,- the -consequences were all the -same and
'Might have been cut from the same bolt of cloth. Mr. Wilson
attempted the impossible -
And broke down. ; ' - . . :
: It was as though a general should attempt to conduct a
stupendous campaign 'without the assistance of a general
Stair; s: -v VY
The nation sensed that fatal defect in Mr. Wilson and re-
acted last November by electing by 7,000,000 plurality a Pres
ident of diametrically different type. Mr. Wilson's weakness
as Mr. Lamont says; was' his inability " to use men " "
a Mt. Harding's forte is his unwavering attachment to
teamwork . : :-, '
1 His clear comprehension of the fact that his administra
tion can hot succeed unless it uses other men and chooses the
right kind of other' men. " That purpose is constantly in his
mind and finds frequent expression in his public utterances.
He Is steering wide of the rock on which President Wilson's
boat went down.
A COMMISSION STATE GOV-
"It is astonishing bow many
people admit that the time baa
come when we need a change in
the form of our state goTernment.
Tbe legislature has outlived its
usefulness. We need a. commis
sion form of government. Per
haps a commission something af
ter the rorin oi tne new coae
adopted in the state of Washing
ton, with the entire state govern
ment divided into perhaps ten
departments, one of which would
be a department of agriculture.
"But we would want the beads
of those departments elected by
tbe people, and - answerable to the
people for the work of their de
partments, and their expenditures.
The ten department beads.' with
tbe governor presiding, would
form the commission or council
that would become the law mak
ing body of the state. Each bill
proposed, must first be adopted
by the commission, then either
published in a newspaper of each
county, or in a state official pa
per, a copy of which Is mailed
to each registered voter, and 60
days' notice be given before any
law or . appropriation be passed
During this time those Interested
could appear before the corarals
rion and give arguments far or
against the measure.- Tbe usual
time abould then be allowed the
people to invoke the referendum
on any law. and an annual elec
tion held for voting on referended
and initiated measures.
"Perhaps a. legislature or con
stitutional convention ahould be
fceld once in four or six years for
the revision of the code and con
stitution, all measures to be
passed on by tbe people before be
"ThisMs only a rough outline
of such a change in our form of
government, and would no doubt
be subject to a great many chang
es and revisions bef or?. being sub
mitted to the people for their ap
proval but. it "Seema to that
each a change would 'bring our
state government near to the peo
ple, and by the people. It wonid
Co away .with the present system
of legislating by log rolling, and
would turn the different branch
es of the state government into
a business administration instead
of a political one, and save the
people who pay the taxes millions
of dollars a year by avoiding du
plication, inefficiency, waste and
of business driving straigui io
the" point In the highest possible
forms of efficiency and economy:
cutting out all red tape and cir
cumlocution and dilatory and
perfunctory performance of Ihe
Just as any man of affairs or
any private concern or company
in this country does in getting
the things done that ought to he
done end must be done.
from Us predecessor which foiipht
he world war is Incomparably
tetter than the couilltiuii of tbe
mme govrnmenfs finance Inheri
ted by the two Or throe admin
istrations following Lincoln. For
there is bequeathed to PresidMt
Harding a loO-cent dollar of solid
fcold and a cotintry which affords
the only credit market in ihe
SOLID AS THE ROCK OP C;I1V
PRESIDENTIAL FACTS '
Warren G. Harding, who takes office today, as the twenty-ninth
President of the United States, is the first President
to be elected to that high office on his birthday. He was 55
years old November 2, 1S20. He is the first U. S. Senator
elected to the Presidency.
! President Harding is the seventh President contributed
to the country by the state of Ohio. Only Virginia, with a to
tal of eight Presidents born within her borders, outranks
Ohio-in 'this regard. No President has been born west of
Ohio. No President has resided west of Illinois.
, President Harding is the seventh. President of ScotcV
Irish paternal ancestry. Fifteen of our Presidents, over the
period of 133 yeart, have been of English decent, three of
Scotch, one of Welsh and two of Dutch. $
The average age of our Presidents at inauguration is 54
vears, approximately, while the approximate average at death
has been 66 years.
. President Harding exemplifies the rapid rise possible in
American life better than any of his predecessors. He was
not included in the 1914-15 "Who's Who."
t Like many of his predecessors also, his parents were not
wealthy and he bas risen to the highest office within the gift
of the American people through frugality, industry and
thrift; of which he is a warm exponent.
Thia Is the big day in Wash
ington, and for the whole coun
try and the whole world.
: Now inters' the great ; period
of team ; work; right down the
line, 'from Harding to the hod
The classified advertising man
ager of The Statesman is going to
make everybody read the classi
fied ads t and It will be & good
thing for everybody.
Coatsj that's the Salem slogan
subject for next week. If you can
kelp in proving that there should
be morej goala. do It; It is your
duty. Don't wait to be asked.
: r I :- .
, If the railroad rates were re
duced thjere would not be so many
people doing, their traveling in
their minds. Increasing the pas
senger and freight rates has not
increased the revenues.- What is
the matter with trying something
else? S: v
It is claimed that President
elect Harding is committed to the
re-enactment of the' Payne-Ald-rich
tariff law in all of. Its essen
tials. That was a protection meas
ure "with the bark on" th
old saying used to go. Los An
geles Times. The American Tar
iff League, aa The Statesman has
said several times. Is advocating
the enactment of that law as an
emergency measure. There are a
number of excellent arguments
one of tbe most powerful being
the Uit that Its interpretation was
established by thousands of de
cisions of appraisers, general ap
praisers nd courts of -appeal.
Of all the presidents who Suc
ceeded war presidents. Mr. Har-
dr.g will face the most appalling
The above words were used by
the New York Herald a few days
apo, making reference especially
to the financial condition of the
On several other counts, the
average reader will be quick to
agree with the summing up of tbe
great New York paper
But not in reference to tbe fin
ancial condition; though It would
have been In far better shape af
ter a business administration in
tbe place of the profligacy and
tear idiocy of a large share of the
goings-on at and. from Washing
ton in the past eight years, and
more especially tbe last four.
But in spite of all this, the
average careful American citizen
will reflect and conclude about
Tbe present situation In tbis
country compared with the situ
atlon at the end of the civil war
is not sc grave as It might be
made to appear.
The public debt is left by the
outgoing administration at about
24 billions, whereas the civil war
left It at about 2 billions. That
is to say, the debt is now about
10 times what it was in 1865. It
looks ' appalling until one disco v
ers that the total wealth of tb
United States is today approxi
mately 10 times-what it was in
But that Is putting the worst
aspect of the case foremost. The
public debt today Is figured - at
24 billions; but. aa a matter of
fact, the United States govern
ment owns securities amounting
to 11 billions, of which about 10
billions are the obligations of
foreign governments on account
of the war loans to them by the
United States treasury. Over four
billions of' these represent the
British debt to the United States
and the British debt at least
is as good as gold. Ncno of these
war debts has been conceled. If
the whole 11 billions in securities
held in the 'federal-treasury were
deducted from the gross public
debt, we should have left but
about 13 billions.
Tbe economic complexities of
tbe present situation undoubted
ly far exceed those following the
civil war as regards world rela
tions. world trade, and foreign
exchange. Europe was not bank
rupt in 1S6S, or in 1S70, as It Is
But there Is a most important
dilference In favor of the United
States; for whereas. alter the
civil war the United States was
for years on a depreciated paper
money basis, thisr country alone
among tbe western powers has
emerged from the recent war on
a gold basis-
And with the strongest bank
ing system In tbe world.
There were "black Fridays" af
ter the civil war when New York j
speculators brought on panics by 1
cornering what little so.d there
was In the country. No "tlaek
Fridays' are. possible today in
America, for the United States
treasury alone controls over two
billions of dollars in gold, and
the government con la smash a
corner so quickly that tbe specu
lators would be fit only for the
Our federal reserve banking
syttem. wliicb has Just brought
tbe country through th most
violent and precipitous deflation
of prices on record without a fin
ancial panic a performance Im
possible In any previous period tf
our history reported recentl a
ratio of reserves to liabilities of
lully SO per Cent
And it has been steadily rising
during what At any former pi, tod
in our history would btve bct-n
Tbe Bank of Englanl is doing
business on a reserve ratio of no
more than 11 per cent In brief.
Mr. Harding will Inherit a bank
lag system vb'ch is a very Rock
of Gibraltar upon which to baso
the nation's finances in the com
This banking system got but
one Republican vote in the Unitcl
States senate when the tedenl
reserve act was passed by that
body In Mr. Wilson's fim im.
but it Is pleasant to observe that
John W. Weeks of Massachusetts.
the Republican senator who east
America! This nation great
From Maine unto the Golden Gate
Has chosen Warren G. Harding to
Be captain of the Ship of State.
With colors floating royally
They sail today, the captain new
Will have a very gallant trip
With faithful mate and loyal crew.
While out upon life's ocean vast
Should fierce storms this boat as
Here's hoping that the captain
Will weather every howling gale.
Sail on! Oh Captain Harding then.
He blue or gray the changing
E'en though the tempest rages
This mighty ship will not capsize.
America will loyal be;
America is ever true;
And she renews allegiance now
To dear old Stars and Stripes
Eunice Knox Howard.
Salem, Or., March 4. 1921.
o. V.I. ril-ir- will 1k ITj.000 a
ear It Is .runel Le will bo
able" to Indulge In tbe luxury of
what wn oiic nv--rt-nt "se
fcar." Remember 'em? A
Conditions in Fruit
OUK !XKW PILOT.
bids adieu to
Oh Ship of State!
Today, thy pilot
He, who through eight long years
hath guided thee.
Out on life's vast, uncertain bil
And mourned at heart when be
beheld war's waves
Threaten thy niarveloas beauty.
Now his responsibility is o'er.
May his recompense bf 'peace.
Tha ' deep, soul-satisfying peace
The highest thoughts and alms of
And thou. Oh strong, time-honored.
Ship of State!
Thou art not left adrift without
America gives unto thee this day
Warren G. Harding of Ohio State.
Sail out upon life's future sea.
And prove to every nation of the
That thou will never fall America.
Thy pilot, new, stands ready at
We entrust tbee, now. to him
and to that
Great Pilot, who hath ever guid
ed thee. v.-
Eunice Knox Howard.'
Salem. Or., March 4. 1921.
J. I). Warring, the vell known
nnrsery man, Is in town for a few
days on bis return from a trip
of eight months through Califor
nia selling and delivering trees
and Investlcatlng the nursery bus
iness In general. He . traveled
through southern California and
as far as Los Angeles by auto
mobile. In speaking of tbe trip h said:
"In the Rogue River valley there
I- a large per cent of pears grown.
After leaving this locality the
fruit growing as a business prac
tically stops until you reach Red
ding. California. From there on
through tbe Sacranien,to valley an
abundance of fruit of all kinds is
grown except Italian prunes,
which are scarcely ever found.
Around Ookland. Alameda coun
ty, seems to be th home of the
spricot which Is raised extensively
as are also several other varie
ties of fruit. Farther south, in
Santa Clara county, the main
frnlt Industry Is the French rpune.
"Farther, Into tha Interior,
around Fresno and llakersfield.
are the big vineyards and pear
orchards. North and east of Los
Angeles tbe olive industry is
prominent, and her the largest
olive orchard in th- world Is
round. Then back, north along
the coast are vast orchards of
fruit of all description.
"As the season advanced. th
demand exceeded the supply of
trees, and by the middle of Sep
tember practically all the cher
ries, peaches, apricots and French
prunes were sold."
in Ookland. Mr. Waring has sold
trees for th 1'upitsl City nursery
of Salerii.. whos. office Is at 103t
Chemeketa street, all over Cali
fornia. He now expects to take
up tli tale of Italian prune trees
In western Oregon.
He says he saw no riner look
ing fruit district In ail California
than one nny see In the Rosedale
and Liberty districts south of Sa
lem. While Fan Francisco and Oak
land ar" great, bustling business
citlen. Mr. Waring says that both
..Sim, buu UMUM-ir r-..
tbat there- are no people hi t7
world like the Salem people fj
they often long for tbe 'B0
hearted neigbborliness whicktw
enjoyed when they resided her.
VMy father occupied the tij
of applied physics at Camlridrt
"Dafs potbln'; mine occspj
the seat of applied electricity u
The first hundred years ef -v
hibition. are the wettest.
The above is from the Eugen?
Register of a couple of days ago.
Mr. Waring has arrived in -Salem.
He left on 'June 9 for Oak
land. Cat.. ' by t automobile, and
Mrs. Waring ii at their new home
BITS FOR BREAKFAST
The above quoted article Is an
editorial in the Pacific Home
stead of this week,, ' ' ,
It carries the idea that was sug
gested on this page of The States
man a few weeks afo
That some strong man In the
next suite campaign could prob
ably sweep the state on a platform
demanding changes in the Oregon
stata government conforming to
tbe plajti of Governor Lowden of
Illinois Or' the" plan tbat has just
been adopted in Washington, un
der which there will be ten de
partments;, the heads of the ten
departments forming, a cabinet or
Thnst'giving Vhat' is virtually
a commission form of government
for the. state.
Oregon must do something.
There must be a - change in
Oregon, from the bungleonie and
expensive and inefficient ways In
which the. commonwealth busi
ness is being 'carried on
And an approach -to the com
mission form of government In
all our states and in all our cities
is suggested , by American ideals
-Basketball, Willat t. L ( O. a
k. win!!10.- 11 ,2 lt-holatie
H'r.'- 6alrtay -TrUntU bat
"hwmwm. t cm in a Till and Pa
.M"7h HVrbm Lob Cape. leeUrer
March IS a 19. Friday and Saturday
maie ravBtioa ef . A, R, kail mi
March 20. Wedneadar Daal aVHale
tw MraiarHle Clle( ( M.ax
. h, ivwa. aaa it tiiaajet t.
Varrh 17. RnaHav F . TV..
Marrh 3L Tharaday WiJUmette" Cl
v"t. unit I Br air.
Marrh 81. Tharmdar 4...l
arert hjr Willaaanta Gl Club, Grand
, April, a Frtda-Iaal Waaaen'a debate
w . n. aad Willaraett.
Pnl 15, Friday Baaebalt, Willi
ette w. :. f O. ai Balm
April IS, Saturday Baaebalt, TVilUa-
l. i u. ai carrne.
April 51. Friday Dr.. I Dbatt
twwi Willamette, aad Wait ma a
May 5 tm S taelaaive Aaaaal reafer-
May Jl. 27 aad S Baaeball. WUUavl111 O1. wf ter Mr. Harding
Ortaher 1 fluJ.. . Cabinet.
Feat ball, Willamette, tb.' O. X. C. at Cr
vallta. Kaeeaaber 14. Tharadav (tentative) w
TbaakaciTtnc day. iWtbaU, WUUawtW
va. Multnomah, at Salem.
summed np. the condition of
the government's finances Inheri
ted by the Harding administration
This is March 4 th.
It seemed a long time coming.
Mr. Harding will be president:
but. like Lincoln, he will not be
chesty or overbearing about It.
"And there arose un a Irlne- in
Egypt who knew not Joseph"
or his descendant, Samuel Gom
pers. Of course, there will be many,
many men lined up at the pie
counter who will get no pie and
very many more who do not de
A n nmbr of Salem people who
read the Salem slogan pages of
yesterday's Statesman thought
the news of early doings in tbe
Santlam mining country almost
too good to be. true. Any way.
the time of actual development is
closer than It has ever been.
It 1 announced that the Hard-
tngs will take their first meal in
the White House alone, with the
exception of the members ot the
immediate family. Pass the waf
Mr. Harding, will be the first
president since MeKiaiey to
smoke in the White House. Rut
First Stops All Pain Then Peels
the Com Off.
ftoa't try ta fas trot oa rara tnrtored
feet. Get rid e( year coma. If yea hare
3 BIG SPECIALS "
NEW DRESS GINGHAMS
MEN'S CHENEY SILK TIES
LADIES' SILK DRESS SKIRTS
"You'll Be Surprijcd"
F. W. .W00LW0RTH CO.
One day Sale, Saturday. March 5th
List of Hourly Sales
9 a. m. Gold Band Dishes, each
11 a. m. House Brooms, eachJ
2 p. m. Palm Olive Soap, each
4 p. m Crystal White Soap, 4 bars...
: -Specials To Be Sold All Day ,
"2 in 1" Shoe Polish, all colors
Wax Paper, 14 sheet roll
Shoe Strings, 3 pairs 1 ;
Percolator Tops, each: - .
Safety Pins, 2 cards.- :
White Squadron Toilet Paper, 2 rolls.
Jun Brite Cleanser-.: .
Mouse Traps, 2 for . J
Ladies Hosiery, rdjular 30c value, pair! L.
Men s Hosiery, regular 30c value, pair.
Children's Hosiery, regular 30c value, pair.
Darning Cotton, 3 spools
Do not pass up this chance to save money V
F. W. W00LW0RTH CO. -
aever seea a eara t irk led tm death iaat
aoyly a few drops f .'Geta-It" ta yawra.
The watra- taat eara die peaeefally a
if H had faaa ta eleep. Soaa it ia aota
ia( bat a looe piere af 4ead akia that
7a eaa Uft richt a(f with year fiarera.
Oet after theaa aaar. Year draniat
hat Geta-It." Casta hat a tilfle or
aethiaa at all if it faila. Mrd hr F I ...
I C, Chiear. Sold ia 8alea by
A Ono-Half Pooad (40c) P.txLfe of
At All DeaJen
RerarUlets of special trlce on Oaldan w.. rtt ,v. .
wiu OF FEBRUARY 23 TO MARCH 5
Wai B Given Absolutely Ffe
Ton know -the consistent high quality ef Goliea
wast Coffee we
vast yoa to know
the rare excellence
TEA . as well it
and fragrance, and
That ta the TVHT ef
thla (ecaroaa Frae
CLOSSET & DEVERS
A Pioneer Oregon Compcr.f
. c-. rerry aaa i. j. rrj. (ad.)