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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (April 29, 1920)
THE OREGON STATES HAH: THURSDAY, APRIL . 1020.
Grown in the World, Nor More
ited Kinds, Than Can Be Grown
CHIEF IN HORTICULTURE AT 0. A. C.
GIVES HIS 0. L TO GRAPE CULTURE
"Grapes Are Very Productive in This Country, and the Question of Profitable Grape
Growing Rests Not on Producing the Grape, But Upon Getting a Market for It," Says
(Oregon Agricultural college has
no available bulletin on grape cul
ture but one will be prepared If the
millage bill passes, giving that insti
tution some money to work with;
and a number of other matters im-
nine feet apart and from eight to
ten feet apart in the row, depending
upon the vigor or the variety, the
richness of the soil, etc. The Ameri
can grapes are all trellised. in com
mercial wort, along on two or three
are usually about 12 gauge galvan-
izea iron. The end posts should be
very well braced and larger than
inose used in between.
Bortant to Oreeon farmer and frnit. ,re tne two w-re system being
rrowers are awaitinr that iMiif nt "luctt mon? common. Posts are set
the chief in horticulture of O A n. aDOl J- apart and the wires
"has written the following for this is
sue af The Statesman:
Some Important Phases.
Your letter to Miss Helen Holgate , It tw common methods of prun-
ander date of April 22nd has been -J"i h grp;,are at called the
referred to me. two-arm or tie-up system, and the
I am sorry we have no bulletin on f?1?rVm or, knlMln ytem. In the
rrspe growing which Is available for ff"h l?w'r?, Un
distribution. I have looked through ift.ftKE J 1;1 and 2i f!tV
'my flies to see If I have something 1lL"e viDe9 af ned up to the
suitable which I could sent you and SlV?tlr were tWv mrm? Y,e al,low"
vi.v - ij .., v e to run out one on each side alone
innnt find .n.thinr ! flnul and from these arms the
p-to-date in - all matters and that K?"8, "h0,t are Ve.d up t0
would be or use to you. We hope to fl 7 ,Z , uur"
kii.k . oporto i I lDK the summer. In the four-arm
iv.1. ,,. I system, the young vine is trained
d. and we can get some more money ?'artl5f S? J?p ot tne. ,w'"
to work with after May 21st. d,S.t07i f8 "! ththelg,lU
I will give you a few ideas of the AhJJ6 5nL "T fee aboTe the
imnnn ark mar inn wi n avi im
gTapej along the wires and not have to be
To go into the matter very deeply I -. r;
would require a bullettin, as you un
stub of the vine. This strong cane.
mat nas trulted and grown through
one season, will then be let down
along the wire and will be the par
ent cane for new shoots that will
come out next year and bear the
fruit. Usually two good bunches can
be counted upon to come out of the
young shoot which springs from the
Dud of the cane which is laid down
along the wire. It is. therefore.
necessary to cut back these canes.
after they are laid alone the wires.
to a point where the Tine will not aatisfactory
over bear. For strong growing Amer- Dnt owe as soon
lean grapes like the Concord, a max- Plants, but will bav
fruits grown not excepting the lo
ganberry or the prune.
The grape fever has broken out
in New York, and one nursery man
in Illinois wrote me that a New
York syndicate had bought two mil
lions of acres in Michigan and was
planting it all to Concord grapes,
and that they had fleeced all the
nurseries m the - land of Concord
The Concord is king of all grapes,
it being the grape that most all the
commercial grape Juice comes from.
For a gTape for this climate, it
needs a favorable location, as It is a
little late in getting ripe some 'sea
sons. The Campbell's Fairly is a
seedling of the Concord, but ripens
two weeks earlier.
The juice factories buy them at
the same price as Concords, -as the
aroma is identically the same. I
have the King and McPfke grapes,
both seedlings of the Concord, but
much larger. In a former article
I stated that the McPike excelled as
a novely; but the last three years
it has come through with a good
crop, and I mean to
as 1 can get
e to propagate
imum crop for commercial vines is I them myself, as the demand has
considered to be about 120 bunches. I sent the price 500 per cent higher
That would mean that about 60 buds I than usual
would be left upon the canes to pro
duce fruiting shoots.
So far. the demand for American
grapes In the state of Oregon has
been largely for the fresh grape.
There is some prospect, however, that
grapes may be grown here In the fu
ture for their juice and for jelly
making, just as they are In other sec
tions of the country.
Grapes are very productive In this
country, and the question of profit
able grape growing rests not upon
producing the grape, but upon get
ting a market for it.
Hoping these few suggestions may
be of some help to you. I am, yours
W. G. BROWN.
Chief In Horticulture.
Corvallis. Ore.. April 24, 1920.
I have been asked times without
number which Is the best grape for
AVith my grapes, the one that Is
best of all is the one you have in
The Concord will keep until
Christmas, but to grow a grape for
long keeping requires a little addi
tional treatment more than it does
to dump them on the market at
Some of the advantages of trow
ing grapes for profit over her
small fruits are:
The plant is long lived; perhaps
about Zi years.
The plants do not winter kill In
this climate. I don't think I lost
a sfngle plant last winter.
There are no eft years. There
was one season several years ago
when we bad a heavy frost la Sep
tember that got almost the entire
As for harvesting, one man can
pick one ton per day in a good vine
yard. The McPikes are as large as com
The Eclipse is the earliest grape
of the Concord type, and very
sweet; Unfortunately it makes a
poor looking bunch.
The Green Mountain Is the ear
liest of all white grapes and very
good; but It was another grape 1
turned down as undesirable In my
But I am informed by grape; spe
cialists that It overbears when
vouni to such an extent that it is
almost worthless unless It Is restric
ted. Since I learned to prune
heavy it delivers the fine goods.
Moore's Diamond Is perhaps the
most desirable white grape, always
on the Job with tine bunches, but a
SALEM MAY BECOME THE
YESTFIELD OF OREGON
And the Country Surrounding This CityJ lay Become the"
Chautauqua Grape Belt of the Pacific Co ait This Dix-i
trict Can Grow the Right Kind of Grapes .
they come out, droop down.
In both these systems, the cutting
In the first place, the grape re- "7"!,", " c""e r
- th if.iit ln.m. .u tu i pracucauy.ine same, ine
1,,. vI.T.- ir.i I!" r . old cane, which sent out the fruiting
WUI uu wiwr iuis awit la vu - ivi. A.tii v
south or southwest exposure to as-1 . . . 4 ' .
inf wr .rm)i, .nn,hii. cut oack to a strong cane nearest the
MS 9 fA h J VS V V 1U MMMWMHva
Grapes must have plenty ot sunshine
to manufacture ! sugar. Very fre
ouently the lightest and poorest
soils on the farm are used for the
culture of grapes, but that does not
mean that the grape will do Its best
oa such soil, although It may come
through fairly! well.
Of the varieties that I would
recommend in! the Willamette valley.
128 M Mr. Ruble Had to Give Up the Growing of All Fruits But
Worden and Agawam. Tnese an, as
von know, are American .varieties.
The climate in the Willamette valley
is not suited to the production of tne
vinif era or Eurooean grapes.
Grapes are planted In rows about
JIM LINN HAS A BEAUTIFUL
LITTLE VINEYARD NEAR SALEM
FIFTY YEARS OF GRAPE
GROWING IN OLD POLK
He Grew Grapes in Competition With Jack London When
He Was a Youngster, and He Thinks He Put It All Over
the Great Story Writer
One, He Would Stick to Grapes Some of the Advantages
of Grape Growing
Leghorns, Reds, Rocks, Anconas,
Buttercups, Wyandottes. Prices
reasonable. Best full-blooded
stock- Free poultry books to all
visitors. C. i N. Needham, 658
State street. Phone 400.
The 8c kind at a 5c price
At all 'Cigat Stores
SH0WALTER i& JACOBS
125-149 Front Street, SALEM
ROTH GROCERY CO.
STAPLE AND FANCY
FRESH FRUIT AND
D. R. Ruble, who lives across the
Willamette riTer .from Salem, oyer I
in Polk county.' was asked for an
article on grape culture and when
his reply arrived, promptly, the 8a-
.lem slogan editor was sure he had
made no mistake in choosing grape
growing as one of the 52 most im
portant basic Industries for Salem,
and the country surrounding this
city. Following is the reply: )
Grape Culture in the Willamette
(By D. R. Ruble, Salem, Ore.)
Fifty years ago I was in -the pri
mary class of grape culture in Polk
county. Ore. Some grapes that did
well In those days hare lost their
prestige owing mainly to mildew that
did not exist in those days.
I have been growing grapes for
the last 20 years as a side line, but
III now realize that It is a poor side
line but a very good main line.
If 1' was compelled to gire up all
fruits but ' one for cultivation it
would surely be the grape I would
hold to. But just why I am not
growing grapes on a larger scale
is from the fact that the mildew
commenced Its destructive work
few years ago. and about three
-ears ago I got an laea rrom some
one that the mildew could be con
! trolled and I am now satisfied that
J. R. t"Jim") Linn of Salem la
interested in a good many things. In
cluding hops, prunes, loganberries.
general farming and stock raising,
hotels, the state fair, politics, etc.
But he takes as much personal in
terest la his yoang vineyard n four
miles south of Salem, in the Liberty
district, as he does in anything else.
When Mr. Linn was a number of
rears younger than he is now, he
was on the payrolls of the state i
California wra-lna at tK hnma for
It is no serious trouble if one will the fwble-minded children at Glen
unij uo m pan. Cll-n. In thm RABflmi vail. Ha thea
I use dry sulphur once In the had the care of the vlnyard of that
bloom and about twice aftea the J institution, and the vineyard that he
berry Is formed. (attended was across the road from
A new idea dawned upon me last I the one on the farm of Jack London.
season. I found that I could keep me great novelist, ana near one
grapes of certain kinds all winter owned by Dr. Donnelly, mayor ot
long and have a few culls by Christ-1 San Francisco and whilom can-
mas. And the thought of putting! diaate tor governor oi California.
my grapes on the market In March There was a good deal of rivalry
looked better than a cold mine. I between Mr. Linn and Jack London.
. But I hesitate Just now. for the "r Jae rV rf wmer ""V
idea seems to have somewhat ot a he. kT " 'ab?uj ,!?. Ti"f:
tendency to backfire, as people are d l?k rl delint ,n tbe rU
IrLll i?teerbCbhri.;LaT,nR ButMr L?nn made a study of the
grapes after Christmas. lQo he WQrked narJ
I have at this writing (April 25). Mnd hm think. h. BUt it all over Jack
the Agawam grapes In my fruit Lonaon in the quality and quantity
nouse mai nave aepi gooa ana sauna 0f grapes grown,
all winter, but some are wilted. I Mr. Linn says the grape land of
suppose people would think the the Sonoma valley district Is like the
goods too old to be good. But such Pont COunty hills, only rougher,
is not the case with a tough skinned ne says the rough rocky land of
grape. If they were shipped to Cen- lne Willamette valley, with south
tral America and sent back as new siops. to get the best advantage of
goods, I doubt not but they would the sunshine, is the beat for grapes
be In great demand. However, such in the country around Salem.
grapes would be In demand In the uin Own Viae and Fl Tree
months of November and December Mr. Linn's own vineyard Is a four-
at double the price at harvest time.
Are Grape Profitable to IUUe?
With the right kinds, the right
location and proper man to back it
acre patch of land that was formerly
grown up to oak grubs and wild
things of tne woods.
He set out his grape vines In the
spring of 1915; Concords and Word-
I0NE OF MOST DELICIOUS
FRUITS THAT GROWS HERE
up. it should be equal to any kind of ens. which he gU from New York
The Wordens are of the Concord
North Liberty Street
The Grape Does Not Receive the Attention It Deserves
Set Grapes Deep, Like Trees, and Cut Them Back Every
Year, and Keep Suckers Broken Off
family; only laraer and finer. lis
set his vines eight feet apart; set
them like hop vines, i
There are three ways to cultivate
grapes; the stump system, the trellls
Ing system, and the layering system.
The grower can produce more grapes
to the acre with the layering system
than with either of the other two:
some Hungarians and Germans In
Marion county are producing 10 tons
to the aere with the layering system.
But that system takea the most labor
Then there la the trelllslnc sys
tem deacrlbd in this Issue by Prof
essor Brown, or the Oregon Agricul
Mr. Linn uses the stumping sys
tem. He says this Is the system used in
California for . large acreage- It
makes for easy cultivation and har
The stumping system is like this:
The second year tie up the first
year'a growth to a stake 18 inches
high which makes the stump of the
vine. Each year after that cut back
th season's srawth to about two
eyes. Thus the new growth will
branch out and make a bush high
enough to carry the fruit off the
ground. When the vines produce
fruit, to get perfect fruit pinch back
the vines about the first or July to
two Joints In order to throw the
growth Into the fruit.
Another advantage, this will make
the winter pruning much less.
Mr. Linn says that, while be set
his grapes about like bops, deeper
holes are better.
lie says that a grower here may
safely count on an average of thre
tons to the acre, uader the stumping
system; a well tended trellised vine-!
yard will produce five tons to the
acre, and a layered vineyard may
bear 10 tons to the acre.
The price should be at least $100
a ton. In normal years.
He says the Jelly and Jam plants
will need all that Is grown or may be
grown for a long time, hereabouts:
for grape Jelly la a standard product,
la demand everywhere.
The Iyerta- Hyslem
The layering system is rather hard
to describe without a picture. But
the principle is the growing the year
'.before ot two or three vines about
six feet long, from the parent stumpy
then the covering ot these vines with
soil for about two feet, supporting
the rest of the vines with slakes. The
part of the vine under the soil grows
rootlets and gets sustenance from
the soil to put growth Into the
grapes on the part of the vine ex
posed to the sunlight on the stake
and the retult is a great crop.
(By Jesse Haber)
What uw do I Intend to make of
the crapes when my vines shall be
gin bearing the tempting clatters?
That question should be decided
ty the grower before the plants are
set. Ther are hundreds of varie
ties of grapes, each havlag som
distinct use. There is so one varie
ty that can be nsed for all the par
poses to which this delicious fruit
may be put.
Here. In the Willamette valley, we
have favorable conditions for grow
Ing successfully only a few of the
varieties of grapes.
Ours is a region la which the so
called American grapes prodace
well. Among these sre the Con
cord. Campbell. Niagara aad Wor
den. The Concord Is still the premier
grape of this aad other regions
where the summer heat is Insuffi
cient to produce some of the more
delicately flavored fruit. It Is the
variety that Is grown extensively
and successfully In the . region of
the Great Lakes, la New York sad
in some sections la New Es eland.
Good Commercial Variety
The Concord may be turned Into
several valuable commercial prod
ucts. It Is a good table grape. It
is used extensively la usaufactariag
Jelly and grape Juice. Probably S
per cent of the commercial grape
luice on the market Is extracted
from the Concord grape.
The Worden aad Campbell grapes
are closely allied to the Concord aad
differ only In their period ot ripen
The three varieties caa be
grown as succesafally here aa la aay
of the older eastern regions, u
planted extensively on our well
drained, alluvial soils, they woald
nrodoce a sufficient bulk of deli
cious, vinous fruit to form the basis
of a new tadnstry.
Grare J nice la PwpaUr
Grape Juice Is now aa established
commodity. With the Concord vines
burdened, each ants mn. with entie-
lag clusters, there is no reason why
It should not be planted sufficiently
extensive to snpply Ike grapes for
a pressing and bottling plant la Ba
lmy be prepared for the market.
Travelers, retaraiag foot West
field. New York, state that for a
radius of SO Biles around that nty
the bottom laad. level stretches and
hillsides sre covered with the pro
line vines cf the Concord grape, the
trait from which is nearly all sold
to the maaafactsrer of the wvO
known Welch grape Jake located ta
Might not Salexa become the West
field oa the Pacific roast. If the acre
age of grapes were sufficiently ex
tensive? Indications are that this
possibility might be developed lata
a reality if sertoss coasideraUosi
were given It.
Completion la Uasited
(Many efforts nave been made ta
utilise the several varieties of
grapes grown la California ta the
maaufactare of grape Jalce. list
the Quality of the prod art la sack
that It haa never met with the gen
eral favor arrorded the sprightly
flavor of the drfak extracted from
the Concord grape. Competition
from that source woald. I hart fore.
Soft a Xrw lad cry Here
Crape culture Is not new aad na
med ta the Willamette valley. In
divid sal vises are dotag nicety here
aad there en the farms. A number
ot small vtaeyardi near Salem are
Several rather extensive plan liars
ot grapes are fouad near Forest
Grove aad at Mouat AageL The
Benedictine fathers at the latter
place have been carry lag forward
grape eultare nader Earepeaa Beth-
ords of csltlvatioa for a a amber ef
years with most eacos ragtag re
tails. Head Roils far Grape
The grape will grew en ma ay
klada ef soils, but. for beet results,
the conditions exacted by their beet
fruitage mast be fairly uet If the
highest success Is expected.
Generally apeak lag. sella ef a
porous or sandy natare harve the
proper texture. It the aeeeeeary
elemeale ef fertility are not pros rat
these shoald be supplied by enrich
ing the soil by the atsaal snetheda
recommended for aay ef the ether
tern la which this delicious beverage fruit bearlag viaes or treee
and the Sweetwater have been ob
served to be very good yield era. The
preference for any one of these vari
eties for table purposes is of course
a personal one. but experience has
shown that the Niagara Is a favorite
and the Wordea Is also Ja very
much demaad. Both of these sre
much sweeter than the Concord,
which eieila for Juice sad preserve
The limiting factor la the prod ac
tion ot grapes la the past has been
the market ploblem.
The adveat ot the Jalce and pre-
ropean varieties with the result that
the berries were tasteless aad hard
ad natlt for coasamptlon.
We assame that this practice,
therefore, ta not wise. I aaa teld.
however, that the Caapbeli'a Early
aad Sweetwater will stand this prac
tice with greater success than ether
v arte Ilea.
Yields attalaed here at the hos
pital have been eery aallsfartery.
Last year ea S.t acres we prodaeed
a a aggregate ef Ji.llt possds. At
the prevailing" market price et S
ceata per poaad thla yields a greee
serving plants la this community return ef till. Mr. C Laake re-
A PROGRESSIVE STORE
Whose Slogan 'Is:
MERCHANDISE OP IERIT,
MODERATE PRICES COUR
TEOUS SERVICE V
Dry Goods Ladies' ReadyvTo
, Wear Ladies' Shoes
466-474 State Street
Enjoyed Wherever Good Candies
Our Fountain Specials. Too, Have
a Different Taste
Always In The Lead
Replying to your request on grape
culture, will say that one of the
most delicious fruits that grows does
not receive the attention that It de
There are few localities in this
world that it does not thrive. Being
a deep rooted plant. If given a fair
chance to make a start, it will pay
well. In this section of the Lnited
States it has not been grown exten
sively enough to gtve real data as
to Its iwssiblUtles. I have only
about one-twentieth of an acre. The
nrice I sold them at to the Phez
company ta cents per pound), would
would hare brought me. haa i an
acre, over $700. No doubt this is
much more than one could count
on year by year.
I am somewhat partial to ne
Concord grape, as it Is one- oi tne
best commercial varieties. .
However, there are lots oi gooa
varieties to suit all tastes.
nnu vnr essential thing to re-
mmbfr. 41 ene wishes good, strong,
rigorous vines. Is to set tne piama
out deep. It will not be a success
STATE OF OREGON RAISES
SOME VERY GOOD GRAPES
you' were going to set a tree and use
the same methods. Put the top soil
in the bottom in filling up. Another
thing perhaps more important is to
cut them back every year. For the
first three years cut back to two
ot three buds. Thta will insure
thick, sturdy stocks after which
more buds can be left to produce
Unlike other fruits, the grape pro-
Attrom frnit nn rrnvlnr wrMvl An.
t1a nun i-harrln tr fnrm thip I UDC lOIIOWlDR OJ Mr. 4.iner, nor
fruit spurs and buds the year be- "V"u"". w lof , ,
fore fruiting, but not .so the grape.
F. Howard Zinxer, Horticulturist at the Oregon State Hos
pital (Asylum for the Insane). Writes Very Instructirely
and Entertainingly of His Methods Good Yields. Too
and unless it is cut back to a few
buds, there will be too many bunch
es rormea ana tne iruu win oe
small and Inferior, or there will be
no fruit at all. Soon arter a grape
bud starts to grow generally two
bunches start at the same time;
pltal (asylum for the Insane). Is
commended to the readers of The
Statesman as a very well considered
and written article on grape culture
for this district:)
Some Grape Growing Kipertenrra
Perhaps there Is no place outside
of the famous grape growing sec-
. . . . . . ...It inn nt Vr VnrV vhlrK YnAm xirk
soon tne vine is several incnes long . "V 7. . "
and more bunches set. and often a rx"ibilitles for the culture of the
third set of bunches appear and as American varieties of rrapes as does
the vine grows longer suckers will country immediately surround-
form and grapes will form on them. In 8al'.m- It .... .
iknn.h vnnA rn rrovm hroak th The climate, soil, conditions and
...v,. rr i th. hnnoh. market all combine to form an al-
rrmt ha fnii irnrth of th vin most Ideal situation! f .
The sloping red hills or the level
A. fc. Zimmerman. Dlack Talleya all hold possibilities
Salem Or., Rt. 9, Apr. 2. I for profitable vlnexirds.. .
The European varieties so widely
grown In California do not do well
this far north, so we can only deal
with those more hardy varieties na
tive to America. I have been par
ticularly Interested to note the safe
ty wtth which thee varieties have
withstood the freete ot last winter.
There seui. to be very little Injury,
which is another point In favor of
viticulture in this locality. hardiness.
The rarletles provlag very eue
resaful at the Oregon State Hospital
for the past few years are: Moore's
Karly. Worden. White Niagara. Con
cord aad one red variety the name
ot which seems unknown. It re
sembles th Delaware somewhat, so
for the sake of conformity we call
It the Delaware. Campbell's Early
should now create a demaad aad
take care of all prodactloa. Diseeeee
which may be limiting factors la
other sections are not so prevalent
here, and the only oae of aay ser
ious nature Is mildew. We have
not been materially afflicted, with
this pest st the hospital, but It seems
to be In evidence In other vineyards.
Dusting with sulphur two or three
times during the season will effec
tively control this situation. An ap
plication of Hordeaax 4-4-St Just af
ter the berries hsve set Is very ef
fective. Just a word with reference to
nrualag may be ot some help.
Pruning of American varieties Is
altogether different from that ot tne
European varieties. We practice the
Knltfln system or modifications ef
thla system, here at the hospital.
Pruning must be done during the
winter or very early la the spring
to avoid unnecessary bleedlag dne
to wounds made after the sap has
started to flow. Do not begin prun
ing, however, before the vine la en
tirely dormant In the rail. Decem
ber is s good time to start If It la a
mild winter. The Kallfla system
consists In allowing one ana ot last
season's growth to be tralaed along
the trellis wire la opposite direc
tions. Either the single or double
method may be employed, that la a
pair of arms oa the upper wire er a
pair on both upper aad lower wires.
depending on the rigor ot the vises.
Two to tour bods sre left at the
Juncture or stem and new afro for
the renewal arms of next year.
Grapes are borne on this year's
wood, aad It Is esseatlal that enough
ot thla wood be produced and still
not too much.
The tendency of most growers
who have a tew vines for home coa
sumption seems to be to lesve too
many arms which develops an ex
cess! re amount ot wood, aapptag the
Ufa of the vine aad prodsclag a poor
quality of grape. Eiperlmeata car
ried ent here st the hospital have
proven that It Is not policy to snip
back too heavily the shoot growth
through the summer, but allow plea
ty ot leaf surface to develop on the
- . . a a
arms used for this yesr s suppip ot
txarlar wood. Ealppiag tak to
it axresaJve decree reduces the
leaf surface and Inhabits the power
to maaufactare starches aad sugars
necessary for fruit development.
In our experiment' we kept two
rows snipped back very cloarly si
liar to the method employed oa Ex
ports a return ot fSM en three rows
of fiweetwaters abost USt feet toag.
These yields show a very Uter
es! lag poalbllity wtth reference I
considerable acreage aad prove the
valae ot the grape aa an add U ion le
the list of aaccewafsl 'Traits, aula
sad berries perrulisriy .adapted ta
this valley ot the Wlllaasetle.
F. Howard Zlaser.
GeKHnr's Contention Con
cerns $50,000 Annually;
Case May Go to Court
An estimated fSt.ttt a year for
the Irredadble school faad ef tha
state Is lavolved la a question which
District Attorney Mas Gehlhar at
Marion couaty haa placed before the
state lead board aad which the hoard
now has nader advtseatat.
Mr. Gehlhar la forms the hoard
that since a royalty paymeat of it
cents a cable yard 14 betag aanssil
by the tate agalast dredging w
earns Uklng aa3 and gravel trot
the Willamette river for use ea roan
ty high wars the dredgiag eoapealee
are of f-eettlaa" the charge by rsialsg
the price et their service to the coaa-
ty by 1 cents a yard. Ills conten
tion Is that the compaalts are really
ageata for the coaaty and that nader
the act of It 19 prevtdiag for the
royalty paymeats they shoald be ex
empt front the royalty charge, since
the lew provide that cos stirs are
aot required to pay the royalty.
The board's coateatlon Is that th!l
applies oely ta cases where the coun
ties sre owners ot the plants.
The extra cost to Marlon cos sty
uader the board's laterpretaUo et
the act will be about list this year.
All cos sties on the Willamette river,
many of those on the Columbia and
some la other parts ef the stale are
Whether the Question will be tat en
Into court ts problemsticai.
Bat we do not uaderrtaad that
Kir Oliver Lodge pretends to be able
to summon the spirits armaeatl.
That Is the start that Interests so
many In this vale of tears.
If plaaUd.ahJloF.... a s