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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 10, 1922)
THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL' PORTLAND, SUNDAY - MORNING, SEPTESIbER 10, 1922.
a i i .i .r. tj . aj. it r.a-r
C 8. JACKSON ; Pnbtiaber
( Be am, be confident. be cheerful and do
unlet otiita a 70a would, bar tbm da onto
Pubhahsd erery weekdaj and Siumiaj morning
t Tbt Journal baildinic. Broadway at 1'au-
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Lutarad at th. postoffice at Portland. Ongoa,
fur mmHu tlnisigli tfaa marts aa aaeosrt
SATI'WXL AL)VKUT181N(i kRESJSNXA-
T I V K Banauata a Imtiw Co.
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' SUBSCHIPTION .KAT&S """"
By Carrier City and Coon try
DAILY AND 8CXDAX -
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DAILY 1 SUNDAY
Ob wet . AiOe wees . .
Ona ncflth. . . . . -451
BIT MAIL. HATKS PATABt.E IV ADTAXCE
One year . 18 OeiTare. months.. . A2-2S
fcix musittr. . . . . 4.23Ooa month. . . . .Is
DAILY f SLfDAY
C Wiriest Sunday I (Umbri
One mr. . . . . . . 8.00 One year. 83.
Fix montia..... 3.25;St months., i.. I.7
Throe momha. . . l-75iTaxee moeiha t-OC
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WEEKLY I WEEILT AND
(Kim Wednesday) I 8 UN DAY
One year. .tl.OOtOne year. . .. . . .(3.50
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Kates to Eastern pames fmuiaried ea awe&
uvm. Hal , remmanrea fc Meae, Omar.
Kxsgess Order or Draft. Tf ymr tMMilocTW..
not a mon.rertier effiea. 1- oc
wB ba accepted. Maka all reanirtaaesa par
able to The- Jonrual PnUrehms Company.
TELEPHONE MAIN t14. Ail depart aieak
reached by ton Bomber.
Whatsoerer things are tree, whataoreer
things- are honest, wbauoenr things are
just, whatsoerer thine are pure, what
soever things are Kly. whatsoeTer tbinas
are: of coed report, if there be aay virtue,
nd if there be any praise. UunJe un these
things. -Philhptatia 4 :8.
TESTER5AT AND TODAY
Ai"EW short weeks ago it .was
serious! v assarted that frm-
stantinople was likely to fall before
me appcoacning ureeR army. a
Now the Greek army of 150,000
men 13 in full flight before the
Turkish army of half that number,
Smyrna is in panic, with Greek ref
ugees fleeing for safety, and the
promised triirmtih of the Greek
arms of yesterday is the disaster of
When Constantinople was threat
ened the allies got busyfa'nd warned
time-worn purpose of the leadingl
powers of Europeto keep the Turk
in Constantinople is one of the
The change in the fortunes of
the Greek army is charged by some
' statesmen in Greece to the treach
ery of Greek generals, and some of
the rumors even lay the betrayal on
u the idoor step of the ruling govern-
. iiirm. iuo niiuio oorry spectacle
recalls the dizzy day when the fool
ish; Greek populace, at the end of
, a war for democracy, turned on
t.'.'Venlzelos and drove him out of
. -power. The overthrow of Venizelos
was a crowning example of the
. 'fickleness of a people.
Venizelos, by the power of his
. personality and: brilliant mind, had
raised Greece to heights on which
that nation had not stood since the
Peloponnesian wars. Ha made
Greece a prominent factor In the
settlements after the armistice. He
raised Greece from a cipher to a
-, .highly respectable rank in the
councils of nations. The logic of
the war and what it was fought for
1 '-should have vouchsafed him the
continued exercise of power by
which to go on building a new and
' greater Greece.
But the army the army that
r held kings on their thrones for un
counted generations turned to
Cohstantine, and Constantino is
swiftly lowering Greece to the
status she held before Venizelos
: came on the scene.,
The glories of yesterday in Greece
and the disaster of today are ex
ample ef what leadership true or
' leadership false means to a people.
Demons still must Joe entering
men and inspiring them to diabol
ical exploits. How else account for
the horror at Olympia? v
THE TOLL, TAKERS
: npHERB are a lot of people to
. - these United States today strug
gling to meet a high cost of living.
: They jflnd their, meat bills bigger,
their clothing costs greater, their
grocery bills- mounting,, and alt
other expenses above what they
were a' few years ago.
One of the big reasons for the
' added expense is the transportation
cost the railroad toll. Freight
rates are so high that they discour
age shipment and therefore de
crease supplies and make the de
mand greater. It isn't the grower
that receives the greater profit, the
manufacturer or the retailer in
many instances, If is the cost of
shipping the goods. , i
In. the Ebst they find raw prod?
t from the West costing more,
" The transportation charges are in-i
creasing the price. Out Wfest we
Kfind manufactured goods from the
" East, more expensive It costs
more to get them here. No single
part of the country is self-support-ins.
The Ease sends its surpluses
west, and the West sends its goods
east, ,eUul the South north and vice
versa. But it all costs more, be
cause it costs more to transport it.
The railroads are one of the me
diums through which the financiers
take their toil on farmers' products.
They set their commission in
transportation It isn't merely the
cost of transportAtioa and a reason
able profit that they take, but they
capitalize, t recapitalize, ad In
v system of high finance books. eep-iagv-they
l)aw that th roads are
tesi&aT wtoney, and consequently ask
airher rates. , -. -
x Aa Hary Ford recently ""pointed
out, the roads are not running to
supply transportation, but they are
running to supply profits to stock
holders, many of whom are the
great financiers of the country.
The railroads have become their
pawns, their toll takers.
'And it is the toll the railroads are
exacting that, among other things,
is making it difficult for the work
ers and the common people of the
coma try to make ends meet.
THE SOCIAL. SCOURGE
AN ARMY surgeon now stationed
to Portland spent two years
studying social diseases in Europe.
He4ays that Germany is terrified
by the spread of venereal infection.
In France the condition has become
a national horror. Throughout
England public meetings are held
to combat the' evil. The social
plague has become well nigh uni
versal in Russia, disease transmit
ted not more by impure sex rela
tionship than from the diseased by
common use of utensils in crowded
All this is aftermath . of war.
It is the sordid consequence of
passions unbridled, of morality de
filed and marriage vows discarded.
It follows inevitably the formal or
informal nationalizing of women
when men have been decimated in
One shudders to think of the fate
of prostrate Russia gripped at the
vitalsby this destroyer of the very
fiber of human flesh and mind and
spirit. One wonders what will be
the overload of penalty upon the
recovery of Germany corrupted by
an evil little discussed because al
most unmentionable 'among the
One finds in the whole situation
evidence that tho aftermath of war
costs infinitely more to money and
manhood than active conflict. In
sanity, perversion,- epilepsy un
counted related Ills find their
field where social diseases have
prepared the ground.
The other day, for Instance, It
jrtaa1 said that 100,000 people walk
the streets of Paris any one of
whom might without warning brain
an. unoffending victim with club or
plank. Several such mongers have
occurred, tho motive arising in the
fantasies of - a disordered brain.
Much of this insanity is due to
Z rtf"-trato. PrIva"
tion or exposure. But authorities
agree more than 30 per cent of it
arises from the social plague.
: America's Interest in Europe's
disease crisis is more than academic
and more than philanthropic. The
pressure of post-war immigration is
from .Europe's infected shores. The
certain consequence of unrestricted
alien: arrivals is the mingling of
their blood streams with ours. The4an ex-service man.
metal from the American melting
pot will be sadly deteriorated by
this old world dross. It would be
far better for tnem to remain in
their own countries and let America
share her wealth in support there
of regenerative clinics.
Of all the hundreds of young men
recently summoned: from Oregon
and Washington to the citizens
training camps at Camp Lewis, only
one was returned; to his home be
cause of venereal, infection. Dur
ing the World war the young men
sent to national defense by Oregon
ranked above all others In moral
wholesomeness and low percentage
of venereal infection. Long s and
arduous effort, clinically and educa
tionally, produced this proud result.
Weught to keep America's blood
stream pure by continued cleansing
at home and by admitting to it no
current from the poisoned fountain.
It will be generally admitted that
a church federation is likely to ar
rive at impartial conclusions in in
dustrial matters.' The church fed
eration of Los Angeles has issued a
public statement of its views on the
shopmen's strike. . It is to be found
on this page,
INSIDE THE CUP
npHERE is the quality of confes-
-a sion and the force of indict
ment in the, statement to his peo
ple by, the pastbr;. of. one of
Portland's largest and wealthiest
churches. A week ago Dr. .Bow
man said to his congregation at the
First Presbyterian church;
There are hundreds of thousands of
mwa who have become estranged from
the church becautM they have found the
church indifferent to their needs when
Lthey were exploited, cold to their hon
est appeals lor justice, silent when even
Its own members placed, the dollar sign
before human values.
A great deal of attention has been
directed during the' past few . day
by the Episcopal General Conven
tion. he Oregon Methodist con
ference and other gatherings of a
religious character to the relation
between the church, and the prob
lems of humanity, . Not the least
sore and perplexing of these prob
lems Is that created by the quest of
worklngmen for what they regard
as economic justice. Dr Bowman
had talked to laboring men and
found what he described as a. genu
ine admiration for Jesus Christ But
he had evidently sensed on the part
Of many of them an attitude of
skepticism toward the good par
poses of the church which today
holds responsibility for promulgat
ing the doctrines of Jesus Christ.
He. said to his people:
If there is a conviction in the lives
of a million laboring men that tht
church of Jsus Christ has been in
different to their need, scornful of their
struggles for a living wage, recreant
to the U aster's spirit of botuUsa com
paion thea the church must, beal
that breach: before her, aplritusU mis
sion can be framed, and before" her
prayers are potent. In the spirit of
th good Samaritan' she feels genuine
neighbortiness to him who awffers as a
result of the social, economic ajnd ia
duBtrtaU disorder of society. So only
must she. feet a sympathy for si new,
but an ardent passion for the abolition
of those conditions which produce the
Clear thinking and daring were
required for this true - statement.
There have been preachers who,
because of similar utterances to
their congregations. ' have been
named radical and asked to resign.
But suppose the churches of Amer
ica today should summon their con
gregations. Suppose they should
ask these believers to discard
dogma, form and convention. Sup
pose they should commit all religi?
ous forces to a clear Interpretation
of Christ's teachings and their ap
plication to the present emergency.
How long would the present strike
issues remain -unresolved? How
long would peace remain in doubt?
How ldug would. America falter in
her duty to her. people and to the
Go hot to the fashionable
churches but to the smaller places
of worship. Note how many of the
hands that grasp yours are cal
loused with toil. Workers are still
the strength of the churches. But
suppose all churches opened their
doors as wide-as Dr. Bowman sug
gests. Suppose they made room for
the millions that without the brand
of creed or sect are groping often
blunderingly to find justice and
light. Could there be any safer or
more hopeful meeting ground for
Lumber, wheat and flour exports
from the port during the first eight
months of this year totaled $18,
059.405. Vessels which entered the
first two-thirds of this year num
bered 738 and 539 during the cor
responding period of last year. But
this, though a good beginning, is
only part of the story. Watch the
commerce reports of -the next-four
TF CAPITAL punishment is not
-- reserved for deliberate,' pre
meditated murders, the people in
the state will rise up and wipe it'i
off the statute books," declared
B. F. Mulkey in a last-hour appeal
to. Governor Olcott to commute the
sentence of George Howard to im
prisonment for life. Among other
things that Mr. Mulkey said was:
Lack of funds and lack of Inftaential
friends were responsible for the speedy
sentencing of Howard to death. How
ard was defended by two young attor
neys appointed by the court. The crime
w not premeditated, but was commit
ted during a fight between the two men
arising out of a dispute over an auto-I
Rev. Father Buck, a , Catholic
priest, in a similar appeal to the
governor, declared that because of
poverty Howard's, father had been
unable to visit his son since the lat
ter was placed in the state prison.
Young Howard was 25. He was
May not the
psychology of war, where life is
held so lightly, have been a factor
in the homicide? If so, if the boy
learned in the war that life isn't
much, how much was he and how
much was society, which perpetu
ates war. responsible for the offense
for which the boy was. hanged? .
If society, in its collective capac
ity, kills men by wholesale, and if
the state, acting for. society, offi
cially and formally kins men, where
does society's responsibility end and
individual responsibility begin ?
Particularly, where does the re
sponsibility of a boy of 25, who
learned in war service that life is
cheap, begin ? Especially, where
does that responsibility begin when
it is history that the more hangings,
the more murders? 5
Many folks eat as if they were
chickena--with gizzards and no
need of teetli. ' -
the call of the east
MTtHE spectacle of American hattle-
-A- ships, with those of Great Brit
ain, France and Italy, rushing to
the rescue of the Christians fleeing
from the Turks in Asia Minor, is a
sight to fill one with mingled emo
tions. Pride that we are able thus
to succor those In danger must min
gle with a sense of shame that our
refusal to take the mandate for Ar
menia, to enter the League of Na-J
tlons,,or otherwise to assume our
fair share of obligations, is One con
tributing cause of the disaster. How
great that disaster' is can scarcely
be visualized from this distance, but
refugees numbering mere than, one
half the population of Portland
have hurled themselves into the
city of Smyrna and the Near East
relief, already' overburdened there,
has sent out calls in all directions
for help to meet the emergency.
- At the end of the war, whan
Turkey threw up her hands in un
conditional surrender and ; later
joined with England and France in
the earnest and repeated plea that
America.; accept administrative ,re
sponsibility in the ' Near East, we
refused, and we even had the nerve
to .. request England to use her
troops in the Caucasus to protect
American educational, and relief;
agencies and avoid sending over to
the Mediterranean . and Black
littoral any of our., troops.
t At-ihat time America could have
put an end forever to the Jealous
rivalries which., make possible the
massacres and deportations of the
Armenians. Greeks and Nestorians,
and could have inaugurated a work
la the Near East more or less anal
ogous to our work in Cuba, and! it
would have cost no more to insure
a stable government and make pos
sible a self -supporting population
than the present policy of picking
up the pieces after the tornado of
race hatred has desolated tjh
homes and scattered to the four
winds a. fine, brave race of moun
taineers, sturdy farmers, able arti
sans ' and inimitable tradesmen,
whose ancient fault was that they
loved their church and their religion
above their Uvea, and whose chief
blunder in these modern times was
that they put faith In the allies'
promises, made during the war.
fought successfully to keep back
the Turk and the German from the
Russian oil fields, and then, in the
hour ef-tb allied triumph, were
left despised and forsaken. j
The one item that saves our face
In the presence of such overwhelm
ing disaster disaster for which jwe
must accept much responsibility
is American relief work, which is
doing its best to undo the suffering
caused by the failure of America to
take her place in the family of na
tions. But. at its best, relief work,
whether by food to orphans or; by
gunboats to protect refugees. Is but
salve on the wound. If salve is jail
we can give, we should certaijily
give that. But how much, greater
would be the result if the con
science of Christian America would
express itself, both in its gifts end
In an insistent demand that official
America invite other Christian pow
ers to join in assuring protection of
life and property to the Christian
minorities of the Near East?
Luckily, in baseball the Instruc
tion to turn the other cheek doesn't
hold good. So the day after Pitcher
Wallace of Los Angeles knocked
Portland's 'Player Hale out with a
fast one to the dome Hale whaled
Wallace's fastest over the fence for
a home run. Perhaps a littlo jolt
down the Beaver batting line would
help bring Portland out of the
LETTING THE DEVIL SNEER.
SOME of Oregon's Methodist min
isters are taking up side lines in
order to pay household bills land
keep their children in school, Dr.
Young-son told the Methodist con
ference at Salem. He added:
If the church does " not awaken
speedily to the necessity of providing
for Its ministry a living support, it
will be left without a ministry capable
of the leadership which the times! re
quire. Information secured from the of
fice of Bishop Shepard shows that
in the Oregon conference (much of
Eastern Oregon is included in jthe
Idaho conference) there are 24,957
members, 185 ministers, or charges,
and that $192,577 is paid in salaries,
to ministers. The average salary
paid a minister in the conference is
$1146, or less than $100 a month In
these figures there is some discrep-
ancy as the total paid to 165 min-"
; lsters at an average of $114.6 would
be $189,090 but the amounts are
close enough for present purposes.
These figures mean that the av
erage yearly payment by a Method
ist church member in the Oregon
conference toward his pastor's sal
ary is a little more than $7. If the
average salary were to be increased
to $1500, which is regarded as ex
cellent for any ntate in this country,
the average Methodist church mem
ber in this district would need to
increase his contribution for the
f purpose to a little lesS than $10 a
year. This would be, then, less
than $1 a month and less than 25
cents a Sunday.
The average salary paid the
Methodist minister does not Indi
cate the minimum. Nor does it sug
gest that a few receive large
amounts. Not more than six or
seven ministers in the Oregon con
ference are paid as much as $3000
a year and not more than one or
two as much as $4000 a year.
When one reflects that the Con
tribution to pay the minister! in
eludes the collection -envelopes of
metropolitan Portland, the amount
dees hot compare well with pay
ments men are accustomed to make
to their favorite local clubs. Dues
in half a dozen Portland clubs,! not
the luncheon clubs, range from $4
to $13 a month and average monthly
as much as the average Methodist
pays a year to keep the minister
and his family comfortable.
All of the sums referred to : are
of course insignificant compared
with what people pay for pleasure,
smoking and other luxuries. j
Nor does the minister's salary ac
count compare well with, the value
of church property, which In! the
Oregon conference is $1,590,475 ex-
elusive of a value of $3751,740
placed upon parsonages. I .
Dr. Youngson had, it may be
sure, no intent to make his
nomination conspicuous for an in
adequately maintained pulpit, nor
should it be left in that unpleasant
position. Disregard of the Biblical
admonition that the laborer is
worthy of his hire is general among
Baptists. Congregatlonalists, Pres
byterians and other denominations.
- Spiritual leadership is the most
valuable and the. most undervalued
service in America today. If lack
of pay forces strong men out of the
ministry it will be a catastrophe.
Dr. Youngson has uttered a warn
ing which must be heeded or the
.devil will laugh. i
.Parker A. Stevens lied to Judge
Stapleton. and will pay for it in
four years loss of liberty Better
not lie to the . iudsre. Few nennla
t have his club. It is better still! not
to do the things that prompt the lie.
THE CHURCH HAS
While Maintaining an Impartial At
titude Towards Contending Groups
It Cannot Shirk th Duty of
Expressing Its Conviction of
Right or Wrong Involved.
The social service committee of the
Church Federation of Lo Angeles, be
ing convinced that it is the duty of the
church to Uke deep and intelligent
interest in great social question!, and
wishing to be of serv ice te all parties
concerned in the railway strike, pre
sents, after careful consideration, the
"First Churches must maintain an
Impartial attitude toward contending
groups, but must not shirk the duty of
expressing conviction as to the right
or wrong. involved in th actions of
"Second W deplor and condemn
any us of violence to either persons
or property on th part of either party
to the strike as utterly Wrong and un.
justifiable, and would call upon . th
authorities to prosecute all persons
guilty of violence.
"Third As regards the matter of
wages, we count It a fundamental
principle that the first claim on any
Industry Is the vlf ar and living wage
of the worker In that industry. Many
thousands of the maintenance of way
men have not, in our opinion, received
a living wag nor has th labor board
given adequate thought to the wag
question. (See report of said labor
board. No. l3. docket ISO). This
whole wage question must .be Judged
In the light of the tremendous over
capitalisation in railroads lest th divi
dends on such over-capitalisation be
wrung Indirectly from wage earners,
their wives and dependent children,
"Fourth We would caU attention to
the fact that th railway executives
have ignored the findings of the United
States labor board in many cases, as
in decision No. 224 (docket 42), ren
dered September 12. 1921; decision
No. 147, decision No. 222 (docket 476) ;
decision No. 982. which has reference
to farming out of repair work and was
violated by a number of the great rail
road companies.: and in many other
cases, approximately 100 In alL have
the companies Ignored the rulings of
the labor board. Even more serious Is
the fact that the United States district
court for the northern district of Illi
nois, in equity No. 2514, rendered in
the Case of th Pennsylvania Railroad
company vs. the United States labor
board et al. practically enjoins said
labor board from adequately function
ing at alL
Jfth .Thia regarding of the
findings of the United States labor
boaro-by the railway executives Is so
t"!!, .1 of,.lhe ra"wy employes , to
ward the labor board docile by com
parison. It ill becomes the offending
railway executives to. cast aspersion on
their employes ln this regard and
makes their reference to th railroads'
sacred honor as being Involved ln the
seniority question offensive. This,
however does not Justify the employe
in refusing to abide by the decision of
the labor board. Inour opinion, jus
tice can be truly done In the matter
of seniority only by the restoring of
the situation as it was before the
strike and then submitting of th.
whole question, without prejudice, to
CI UJLJ dtlUU.
falxth in view of the fact that
many of th maintenance of way men
hava received meager wages, 23 cents
an hour being th minimum for such
work., the average being, according to
best obtainable information, 32.7
cents per hour, and that th wives
and babies of many of them ar ln
danger of now suffering from lack of
proper food; and in. view of-the fur
ther fact that the railway shopmen In
ijos Angeies are endeavoring to ad
minister a commissary department for
supplying flour, potatoes, milk, sugar
and beans to those who may be in dis
tress auring the progress of the strike.
we ask permission to send a letter to
each pastor of our federation, calling
on mm 10 secure girts rrom bis con pre
gauon to De rorwarded through the
treasurer of th church federation for
use in helping to keep the above named
commissary department' adequately
"Seventh We are convinced that
the strike in any department of in
dustry Is cause of great loss morally
ana materially tothe whole dcod!. and
should become a thing of the past, but
not at the expense alone of the work
ers. 1 neir welfare is oar amount and
on It is built the true progress of the
nation, 'mere should be enacted a law
creating a labor board or some kindred
body, whose findings could be made
effective, in the meanwhile we would
ass; ail groups connected with tha rail
way business, ln the name of human
good, to submit to the findings of th
umpire already provided by law. It
Is manifestly unfair, however, .to. ask
" one group wnen the other so
flagrantly refuses to do this. Th rail
way executives owe it to the American
people to be law abiding. This is
equally true of the railway employes.
The public welfare demands the elimi
nating of strikes in such manner as
will not prejudice the Interests of werk-
ers wno nave no other means of de
fense so long as they deal with law
less groups of employers. All
alike would do well to consider that
8 w" ana true human kindness
and brotherhood are needed above all
things els, and only as these domi
nate life can there be any hop for
WHAT SPINNING TOPS TEACH US
Hetwwsrd Caningtoo, in LeaHe's
All spinning bodies possess curious
properties, which they do not possess
when in the state of rest Stand a top
on its peg and it will mediately fall
over, but spin the tp and It will stand
up so long as th spinning motion ts
present. Spinning bodies seem to pos
sess or acquire a rigidity when they
are spinning ; for example, . a steel
chain, placed over a. wheel which is
spinning at a righ rate of speed. And
suddenly jerked off. will g mnning
along the street like a hoop, and will
only collapse into a lima pile of chain
when its spinning motion come to a
stop. Our earth is a spinning-body,
and hence possesses all the curious
properties which spinning bodies do. It
points to th pole star, like all spinning
bodies, for every spinning body a ton,
a wheel, anything it under no re
straint in its movement will gradually
turn on Its axis and point to th pole
star. If our earth were to stop spin
ning, it would immediately fall into the
sun ! Spinning bodies also have a
tendency to .stand op on end that is, A
" uer long axis, xi you spin an egg
shaped body., it will always endeavor
to' "stand on its hind legs," so to speak,
andspin on on of its ends.
NO SUCH PLANE FOR WAR
rinaca the Vancouer4 Pnaca
Should future wars be fought in th
sir, it will have th effect of placing
them on a higher plane. ,
-v TRUST HER NOT f .
CVsta the JackaonTin IPla.) Tirarl TTTiif
Don't trust Lady Luck. She is th
most deceitful coquette that ever tared
a man to his ruin,-' . .
This is th age of machines. Some
machines even elect men. Jacksonville
Th man of the hour in Ireland is
lucky if he lasts that long. Lynchburg,
Va., Advance. .
The silver lining theory is generally
applied to other people's clouds.-Du-luth
Th coal-shortage threatens to hit
the schools; worse still, it may close
the movies. Philadelphia Record.
One professor says O. Henry's short
stories are not literature. Perhaps that
is the reason, they are popular. To
ledo Blade. . ;
Wonder if the newspapers will hold
out for truthful advertising or will
continue to print th tailioad time
tables. Kansas City Star.
Th horny-handed railroad tollers of
China have Just won a notable victory.
They struck for an increase of 10 cents
a week and the rapacious corporations
were compelled to knuckle down and
grant it. Kansas City Journal.
MORE OR LESS PERSONAL
Random Observations About Town
Ed McK.ee. a druggist of Wasco,
and Incidentally . Judge of Sherman
county, was transacting business in
the metropolis Saturday.
Among recent arrivals In Portland
ar Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Kelly of Ya
colt. Wash. 1 '
Mr. and Mrs. Charles lioggard of
Stanfleld are among out of town
Mr. and Mrs. H. , W. Jones and
daughter of Suver are among out of
town visitors. -
- Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Brown of Echo
ar among out of town visitors.
Mr. and Mrs. A F. Liljlgran of
Hood River are visiting in Portland.
P. W. Parker of Castle Rock, Wash..
Is transacting business in Portland.
Mr. and Mrs. J. v. Bell of Weston
ar registered at the Imperial.
Mr .and Mrs. O. A. Adams of Pen
dleton as among week-end visitor a
A. N. Townsend of Eugene is among
Visitors form Lynden, Wash., are Mr.
and Mrs. Charles Phllo.
Mr. and Mrs. J. H.Edwards of Med
ford are guests of the Multnomah.
Transacting business In Portland is
E. A White of Lewiston, Idaho.
D. Child of Boise is regis
OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS
OF THE JOURNAL MAN I
A graphic description of tha wreck of the
uaaeral Warren concludes the atorr of Mrs.
tteorge riatel of Alton, ts related to Mr.
When I visited Mrs. George Flavel
at her home In Astoria recently she
told me of the part her husband had
taken in the wreck of the General
Warren. I wish I were able to nave
you se th seen as I see it. On
-January 28 the General Warren, in
command of Captain Charles Thomp
son, with Captain .George' Flavel
aboard as pilot, crossed the Columbia
river' bar en rout to San Francisco
with a cargo of! wheat.. A heavy
southwest breeze sprang up not long
after Captain Flavel left the ship. The
General Warren headed, south on her
course, the gale Increasing. At mid'
night the fore topmast wast carried
away and It was discovered that a leak
had , been sprung. The pumps were
manned but the loos wheat in the
hold shifting had clogged the pumps,
so Captalan Thompson decided to re
turn to Astoria for repairs. 'The ves
sel was off the mouth of the Columbia
by daylight but was not sighted by
the pilot boat till midaf ternoon. , A
very heavy sea was running: i Present
ly the captain of the General Warren
sighted the pilot boat California, The
gale had subsided but the waves were
running high on T the bar. Captain
Block, the pilot aboard the California
prepared to go aboard the General
Warren,; and with much difficulty on
account of . the - heavy - sea had the
smalt '" boat - which was - lashed . bottom
aid up on the deck of the California
cleared and bunched. ; Captain Flavel
had taken Off his sea boots and was
in his slippers. When th pilot boat
cam within hailing distance of the
General Warren Captain Thompson
called out that he wanted Captain
Flavel to com aboard. Captain
SlavU. without waiting to don his
boots. Jumped into the small boat and
went aboard th General Warren.
Taking him to one aid Captain
Thompson said. "We have three feet of
water In the hold-: We won'tive till
morning unless we get into the Colum
bia. You will have to take us In."
Captain Flavel shook his head and
aid, "It is absolutely out of the ques
tion. You will have to ride out the
storm. Possibly by morning I can
take you In. Th bar Is breaking
clear across. You haven't enough
steam to cross th bar' before dark,"
Captain Thompson said. "I win fir
up wth a ' lot of fat bacon and dry
stuff to make steam. You must take
us ln." Captain Flavel , shook his
head and said, "I know the bar. . You
can never make it. It is suicide to
make the attempt. Soma of th
passengers hearing his refusal said.
"If we could get hold of a pilot who
was not a coward we" could cross the
bar. Captain Flavel flushed and said.
"A heavy ebb tld is running. It is
unsafe but if you Insist I will take you
in. but 1 - will not be responsible for
the consequence."- , -
Captain Flavel told his boat's crew
to return to the pilot boat and tell th
pilot boat to follow them In. They
crossed th bar at 5 o'clock; just as, it
was getting dark. Tha pilot boat was
unable to follow on account of th
breeze dying down. "The General
Warren was beginning to show dis
tress on account of the water In her
hold. She responded to-. her rudder
poorly. She was unable to make head
way against th strong ebb tide. Cap
tain Thompson, finding th pumps
were unable to cope with the rising
water, said to Captain Flavel, "If w
are going., to save oar passengers we
will have to beach her." la crossing;
th bar several heavy seas had been
shipped so tha water in th bold was
almost up to the firea Th heavy
seas that had swept, the deck of th
Gnralf Warren In crossing the bar
had carried. away all her small boats
Dot oo. utptam mavel peered
through the blinding snow that had
started to fall at dusk to 'se if. b
could locate Sand island, but being un
able to ocat it he steered for Clat
sop spit. Th moment sh struck, th
heavy seas began to break, her un.
Captain Thompson rolled out a barrel
oc whiskey nt told th crew and
passengers to .help themselves, as, -it
might be their last chance. ' Captain
NEWS IN BRIEF
There are a few old-fashioned folks
who think that marriage should be
just as binding as any other contract.
Crane American. -
Poland is reported struggling with a
foreign: debt of 32S5.00u.Uuu. As more
than half of it is owed to America, we
are doing most of the struggling.
Halne Record. ,
The crime wave, may not be caused
so much by the desir for money as
by the horror felt by many peopfce at
the idea of having to work for a; liv
ing. Powers Patriot. '
The way some fellows drive an: a.u-
tomobile, -they ought not to be permu
ted to drive anything but a lawn
mower, and then they would need a
cop to keep thera within their limits.
Amity standard. .
a . I
The averag newspaper reader news
days is in danger of being convinced
that the only patriotic thing to do is
to quit work and spend his life swat
ting flies and working for the party.
Sherman County Observer. t
Robert E. Kennedy of. Henrdston
has coma to Portland to spend; the
week-end. . ry i
Mr. and Mrs. JSXTRung of Bend
ar spending tn week-end tn fort
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Johnston of
Suver were among visitors on Satur
Registered at the Imperial are Maud
crouter and Iia Croutef of Union.
Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Viles. off The
.ualles ar among week-end visitors."
Mr. and Mrs. Irving E. . Kestersen
are guests of th Imperils.
E. Way of" lone is making
ness visit to Portland.
Among. out of town visitors Is H. D
acuaaer oz corvauis.
P. A. Young of Albany was transact
ing business in Portland Saturday.
Mr. and Mrs. T. C Carter of Med
ford are week-end visitors. "
Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Campbell of
Wallace, Idaho, are registered at the
John Harpke of Goldendale is visit
ing Portland relatives.
e -e e jf ,
L. C. Ward of The Dalles is among
out 01 town visitors.
Claude Sigsfer of Heppner is among
Arthur Chapman and Thomas Chap-
vi iwua aire in trie city
Flayel said. "Captain Thompson, we
need clear minds If we ar going to
save the men aboard. Help me 'roll
uarrei or wniskey overboard.'
The mat and the captain, with the
help of Captain Flavel. mn
rel of whiskey over the side. Some of
"ners were trying to i light
pe tor a iast smoke ; others
Captain Flavel stood near th bell
wuen wpiaian Xhompson approached
him and said as h pointed to th one
remaining boat, "Pilot, do you think
j-uu can maue ii7 can you to
n summon help fort us ?'
v-a.pta.ui navei snook his head and
said. "No, we can never live through
the breakers, but I am willing to make
ui attempt." Captain Thompson
called the crew together andj said.
"The following members of thai crew
will man the small boat, which will
b In charge of Captain Flavel 1 Ed
ward Beverly, first officer; William
irons, second mate; James Murray
awn xssac oparrow, seamen, and? from
th passengers, E. L. Finch, Henry
Marsh and Matthew and James No
lan." Captain Flavel saw a muscular
young man standing by the raiL His
name was J. O. Wall and he was one
01 me passengers. "Can you handle
an oar r' asked Captain Flavel. 1 The
young man nodded and said, "411 go
w you nee a me, tiiougli I believe it is
sure death." Th boat was lowereui
and to th surprise of all it got away
from the ship through the heavy sea
safely. As they wer leaving Captain
Thompson said, 'Pilot you will, com
back." Captain Flavel called back, "If
x uvo x wui return."
The heavy seas filled th boatjaraJn
and again. They only knt afloat hw
constant bailing. They rowed all
mgni tnrougn the blinding snow, keep
ing 011 snore when they heard th
roar or tn breaker : Daylight found
tnem orr Scarborough head, j They
roweo to Astoria, .where they found
the bark George and Martha iti com
mand of Captain Beard, samnnr
large whale boat and more men thv
started back for the General Warren.
toey stopped at Klndret for a quick
breakfast and hurried on to rescu the
passengers and crew left aboard the
General Warren. Where they hd left
th ship they saw a few bits of wreck
age out nothing more. " When . the
storm subsided 45- bodies drifted
ashore near th mouth of th Necanl
cum, hot far from th present site
of Seaside. . They were buried on Clat
sop beach, i
- - 5
Many years after the wreck iof t
General. Warren, when General? J. Q.
Wall was notified that his old! friend
Captain George Flavel had died he
came to Astoria to attend his funeral,
wmvu occurrea jn July, 1893. , lad it
not been for Captain Flavel asking
Wn to take an oar on what looked
like a , sure gamble with dasth 4n
which." death would win th t v-.
General Wall would hav bri
with th others who went down with
th General Warren. General J. G.
WaU was a native son of Dublin, hav
ing oeen corn toere ln 1821. From the
time he was a boy of 14 tm issn v..
followed the sea, He was- aivounsr
man- of 23 when h was chosen . hv
Captain Flavel to Uv and not to dla
He had been visiting friends In Oregon
City and was on hia way , home to
Crescent City When h took passage
aboard th General Warren, which was
toaaea wiin wnest and 800 live hogs.
General WaU , ; served . as "agent for
Wells Kargo at Crescent City "for
more than 3S years. For many years
be was 4n eommaad of th Sixth .bri
gad of California 1 He built a rati road
into th Redwood country m Northern
California and- h also owned and
operated sawmills and logging camps.
Ho built and ' operated , many well
known coasting vessels, " among the ,
best known being the J. G. WaU.
Ocean Pearl, t Mary ZJX' Pomeroy, as
wen as the steamers Crescent City. ;
Del VNorte'- and 'Others equally well
known. From th Urn of their mutual 1
peril during the wreck f the General
Warren till the." death t of ; Captain
Flavel hardly - a. - year--wreat by . that
these two .friends did not foregather
and resw their friendship. "" f f ;
. j r ;!-:.
: r''"--Vi:;-- . ' - .',; -rr iv- - -
The Oregon Country
Nortiiwett iiappenings la Brief Form for tha
After 11 years activo charge of the
Albany public library, Mrs, Viola P.
Franklin has resigned that h may go
to Salem to live.
Fare-nd--half tates for (round trips
to the county fair at Astoria, Septem
ber 19 to 2J. have' been announced by
the & 1. A K rall.av .
. . ...
.Tb Canby city council! baa: our-f '
csased and will take over the electric
light equipment of the MolalU Electric
company by October 1. . r - v
One hundred thousand cases of fruit
nas-been the season's pack of canned
goods up to September 1 by th Eu
gene Fruit Gfowtik' association. .
i Grande American 3gion post
is already DreDsxinr fn,
. . " ,;.aJ'' ln which all cities of
the Grand Rond valley will unite.
Samuel S. Banister or LaVeviow has
Just been granted a pension for his
services in the Civil war. He made ap
pUcaUon Just 60 jrttrs after his en
J. H. Booth, president of tho Douglas
County bank of RoSeotsrgTl has devded
6 8 acres of land on the Houth Umpqua
river to the state, the land to be used
for a public park, ' .-.
An electric lighting system is to be
installed at McCredie Springs hi Lane
county, J. K, Cartwnght of Harrlsburg
having put In an application for water
rights on Salt creek., i
A medical detachment f 11 men for
the IS6U1 infantry is to be organised
in Oregon and plans of the general
staff are to assign it to Eugene under
A . I , a- - S- - " VI 4b! -LitBUraJIVIl
roe command 01 captain orvule Wal
ler. ' . j.
The first large shipment of beef from
the Lrftkeview yards was made Tuesdav
when the Robinson brothers loaded 120
fins steers from thiir Big Valley ranch.
The steer hrough. an average of $7u
a head. - , :. . ..i-
For the first time in the history of
the Oregon fruit industry, pears are
being dried this sestsonl in commercial
quantities at the drying plant of th
Oregon Growers' association located at
Th forest service has completed th
road to Foley Springs on the McKenzte
river. The new road replaces an old
and narrow trail and Is said to be one
of the best pieces o mountain highway
ln th state. .
The new Evangelical Friends church
at Walla Walla has just been complet
ed and dedicated at a cost of $12,0Q0.
Eleven persons In Camas are ill with
typhoid fever, and a milk source la
suspected to be carrying the infection.
Charles G. Smith. 70 years old, de
spondent over illness, committed sui
cide Tuesday in th county hospital at
Nearly 500,000 feet of Alaska sprue
arrived in Elliott bay Tuesday for
transshipment to New York in on of
tha intercoastal steamships.
The Oroville cannery ts putting up
between 600 and 0Q cases of tomatoes
daily. Th yield this year is enormous.
30 tons to the acre not being unusual.
Th Artesian hotel at Pullman was
totally destroyed by ftre last Sunday
night. About 30 guests were in the
hotel at the time, but all escaped with
J.. Robertson lost his life Wednesday
in a coal mine near Cle Elum when he
accidentally seised a live wire. A sou
was seriously burned in his endeavors
to rescue the father.
Fred Bloom, marshal of the Uni
versity of Washington campus, was se
riously Injured at Seattle Tuesday
when his motorcycle collided with an
automobile driven by W. S. Fuson. -
Investigation of bids made for fur
nishing milk "to Yakima school chil
dren has been ordered by the school
board, as th result of an increase of
more than 40 per cent in prices asked.
Fanners and rardeners who nri rii vi
sa Us fled with the Seattle -public mar
ket hav organized a S50.000 enmnru.
tlon to build or buy a new market. rr j
which they will hav direct manage- i
ment and control.
Th bisr S75.0OO enld mtnrarm nfant nV
the Yakima Fruit Growers' association
was opened at : Kennewick this week,
with a celebration attended by more :
than 1500 people. The warehouse has
a storage capacity of 100 carloads.
While held in: the detention room at
th city Jail in OlvmDla. Kffle Robin
son, arrested on a vagrancy.1 charge.
attempted - suicide by swallowing a
three-rrain bichloride of mercury tab.
let and a small, portion of oxalic acid.
- IDAHO ' -At
the close of the flacal voar n
Idaho incomes- from mines - were re
ported as $4,000,000 less than last year.
Howard Conn of -Hone. Tdahrv arm
seriously Injured a. few days ago when
a can of carbide he was onenlna- ex
ploded ln his hands.
The Idaho state hoar-if, nf arnialt...
tion has fixed the state tax levy for
the comlDnaT year at .005291. the Iwmi
rat in four years. ,
Jack , McLauarhlln. crest dent nt th
Mlltenberxer Produce mmnanv nf Tn
catello, was drowned Wednesday while
fishing above the Mackay dam. He
was seised with cramps while wading..
More than 1000 people enjoyed a bas
ket dinner Monday at Maples. 12 miles
south of Bonners Ferry, th occasion
being a celebration of th completion
of th highway between Bonners Ferry
Twenty Years Ago
From The Journal of Sept. 10, 1903
The marine engineers' strik Is on in
earnest. Nearly all the boats are out
on their regular runs, but it Is stated
at headquarters that th union men
wilt walk out as soon as th vessels
reach their home port. The T. J. Pot
ter tied up this morning and her entire
crew cam ashore. t - .. . ,s.
Tacoma The supreme court unholda
tha constitutionality of th state law
fixing 10 hours as a maximum day's
work for females employed In- fac
tories, laundries, stores, etc
. . I' ,: '
After fighting a large forest fir In
th vicinity f their home near Rock-
wood for several days, the farmers of
the neighborhood have . checked the
flames and no further damage is ex
pected. j ... . :
Both of the canneries on the east
side are working full time canning
pears. The supply has been so great
that both of the concerns have had to
refuse a large amount of th fruit. -
Salt was filed in the United States
district court yesterday by Birdie M.
McCarty against James D.- Heryford.
s wealthy Southern Oregon stockman,
to recover $70,000 damages for breach
of promise. , ' '. ..... ; ..- ,
' w w m .
Considerable excitement is being
caused in Baker county over a move
ment to divide the county and making
Huntington th county seat of the por-
Uon cut Off. ,.- . f .. ... V . t A
Th Portland Golf club will srive a
dance tomorrow night at their" club
house on the links. The proceeds will"
be devoted to purchasing necessary
furniture for th new addition to tha
housev . . . .
i a w if ;;.-''. j: '.'- -
The Standard Oil company Is con
sidering tha advisability of moving its
tanks to Seattle' and making that the
distributing center Instead of Portland.
Representatives of the firm Claim that
Seattle has made a . very flattering
proposition to them. '
' . r . -" -
Preparations are . now being made
for laying the new seven inch grooved
rrlls on th Third street 11 n of 'the
City Tc Suburban railway. . .
. ,, w . m .....
. The Oriental liner IndravelU sailed
this morning for Yokohama with a
cargo valued-at $101,159. it is mostly
flour and lumber. v ''. - - s ; . . .
M -v-;? ;-r..l '" J- . - , -, .
-y;W :..iw--7V ';v