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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 21, 1917)
THE OREGON. DAILY JOURNAL. PORTLAND. FRIDAY. DECEMBER .21. -1917.
DEATH RATE OF
INFANTS IN THIS
J Well Known Children's Special-i-'.
ist Asserts It Is, Greatest Since
Pure Mill Xrusade Began.
jtflLK PURITY NOT SO HIGH
--(v'v'' seaw-en"eener "? ' J,
Change ? for Wowe Coincident
1 3 With . Decrease of " Inspection
! . Efficiency, 'Says Dr. Hall.
public spirited citizens moat condemn
any measure which curtails the lnspee
tlon of milk In the city ot Portland. IX
th facta available are trut, tola Is .In
evitable if a skilled veterinarian la to
b ' discharged and a pharmacist. not
trained In testing- dairy cows for tuber
culosis.' Is to supplant him. It would be
as ridiculous aa to discharge a physi
cian from tha army and axpset a phar
macist to ba responsible for tha health
of our soldiers. said Dr. Cotton,
"Only threa veterinarians are now In-
spectinc our dairy cowa, and tha num
ber la not enough. - If there are to be
only two and a pharmacist the public
health wilt be endangered. The city
needs more -veterinarians for this work
aitd a curtailment Of the present stan
la to be condemned. h '-:;:..
. i That deaths axnonf babies less than
'2 years of age in Portland are increas-
' f tag at an alarming rate and have been
more numerous during- the - past three
t months than at any time alnce tha
5' jhire milk crusader began in ltot.rwaa
asserted yesterday by Dr. Robert O.
Hall, well known children's specialist.
" 4 That there has " been t the same
tttme a marked decrease m the efflcJ-
tency of milk Inspection under the ad-
' ministration of ' Commissioner jonn xuu
: Mann - was further asserted by Dr.
1 Hall, who for years has been active in
'behalf of a pure milk supply.
Dr. Hall hailed with pleasure the ln-
- j formation that public protest baa air
s'. varenuT csnsea uimminiDDw
to dispense with the services of 1. Ben
' I nlnghoff, . a person without quaiif k-
;tions for the post, whom he had ap
, pointed In place of Dr. William Miller,
. I an efficient licensed veterinarian who
had been engaged in making tests of
f dairy cows for tuberculosis a task
which Benninghof f would have beea
1 1 barred by law from' performing because
ne waa not a veterinarian.
, t - Hope Tor mere .Discretion
' it Dr. HalL Dr. Ralph Matson. special
1st In tha treatment of tuberculosis,
2- and Dr.'T. Homer Coffen, chairman of
h the public health bureau of the city
club, unite in the hope that Commis
sioner .Mann -will use greater discretion
in his appointment of a successor to
"It has seemed to me during the last
autumn, particularly, that our milk in
spectlon was slipping backward," said
Dr. HalL "The number of deaths due
to aeute dysentery among Infants has
Y increased alarmingly. Some of the ba
bles under my observation were ill but
V day and a half before they died.
.Nothing could be done for them. Their
r trouble waa traceable to Impure milk.
. "I know what has been done in Port
land in the cause of pure milk. I know
that the milk supplied in this city before
Tha Journal inaugurated the pure milk
2 crusade in 1909 waa filthy;' I know that
I aa the qualitir of the milk became better.
the number of deaths among children
; V )ua than - r.f r AmmmmA
: Hot Leading at "We Were
- V v ug not noiains; in. position oi
I leadership in the purity of our milk sup
ply which was reached aa Jthe reward
oi years oi worn ana aerotea error t.
( nmrniMlnnm 'Mann hki !ha
4 handicap the milk Inspection division
1 with the appointment of unqualified
men, particularly a man who, without
AC I DEA OF RUSSIA
. REJECTED BY BERLIN
AT START, RUMOR
Terms, as Outlined "by Neutrals,
Not at Ml Acceptable to Allies,
Is the View of Diplomats.
Tmm Pic W)
from Vienna 'stated today. They will
eeta commission of Russians.
Stockholm, Dec 21. U. P. The Bol
shevik! are prepared to hold a "rump"
convention to replace the constituent as
sembly, where they are a minority, ac
cording to word from Petrograd today, s
The Swedish Maximalist leader, w.
Hoglund. wired here today the substance
of an interview which he had with -M.
Uritaky, a prominent Bolshevik! In
Petrograd. - -
Uritaky, he saw. denied that tne nnai
result 'Of -the 'Russian constituent aa-
Romblv elections had become known. He
rfclared the- assembly would hrvpened
within ftvesor six days ana predicted
the likelihood of the democratic parties
therein splitting with tne lert or noi
Hack Depends on Army
Th Bolshevlkl. it waa asserted, would
then form an assembly of their own. in
conjunction with the Trotaky-Inlne
Uritaky waa quoted aa aecianng ui
Bolshevlkl might not even appear in
the assembly, on , account of their ml-
Tha srovernment waa understood to oe
discussing -anew the question or aiasoiv-
Ing the whole assembly.
The situation is very compucaiea
Hoelund wired. "It la impossible to
foretell tha outcome. Much depends
unon tha attitude of the garrison and
the proletariat or petrograo. ney can
force an open conflict between the as-
aemblr and the Bolshevlkl.
Only a few Cadet depuues nave Been
arrested, he added. The Bolshevlkl gen
era! peaoe endeavors, he held, depended
on the attitude of the central powers.
The Stockholm Social Demokraten to
day declared it waa "definitely Informed"
from Germany of the strong growtn oi
an anti-separate peace movement there.
Germ aa Socialists Object
The Russian -Germ an endeavors to this
end. the newspaper asserted, cannot
succeed without the support of the en
tente Socialists and the laboiitea, and
"it was absurd to think that the latter
would support the Bolshevlkl, when the
real Social lata of Russia accused tnem
of being traitors and destroyers of the
The Social Demokraten jolnetl with
the Vienna A r belter Zeltung and Ldep-
zlaer Volks VZeltung in urging an lm
mediate Stockholm conference under the
auspices of the International Socialist
American Minister Morris waa In
formed today that a Bolshevlkl decree
prohibits the carrying out of Russia of
all antl-Bolshevuu newspapers.
Czar May Leave Russia
Petroarrad Dec 19, via . London. Dec
ERMA C PEACE
Officials Believe - publicity ; Al
ready Given Plan .Will Hurt
Hun Progress With Russians.
Washington, Dec II. I- N. 8.) Ger
many's Christmas peace drive, long- ex
pected, is new on. dlDlomata bar be
lieve.' : - . . -; " -'
Availing herself of whatever tempor
ary military advantagea she now poa-
and relying on the separata peace
negotiations with Russia to give tha
movement . an added impetus, aha la
staging another effort to make a. favor
able peace before the strength of Amer
ica la thrown in the balance against her.
Circulation here of unofficial reports
from neutral , sources concerning the
character of the terms tha kaiser will
offer created widespread., interest In of-
floial and diplomatio quarters. At the
same time it waa authoritatively stated
that these terms have not been laid for
mally or Informally before the United
Officials Dislike Teae
As reported, tha state department
found little in them aa basis for nego
tiations. The fact that they so patently
proposed to settle all accounts at the
expense of Russia caused several high
officials to question their authenticity
Though the propoeale euggested. it was
stated, are decidedly favorable to Ger
many, publication of them la likely to
embarrass seriously the negotiations now
In progress between the central powers
Briefly, they propose to restore Bel
gium with money paid by Great Britain
for Germany's African colonies; leave
the question of Alsace-Lorraine to a vote
of the inhabitants 'of these provinces,
modify the original aspirations of the
Berlin-to-Bagdad scheme at the expense
of a German suzerainty over the richest
provinces of Russia around theBalt!c
and Black Seas, and then leave all the
large fundamental questions of future
peace to the deliberations of the peace
Ifew Cob filet Feared
"In other words," aa one high official
put It, "the Prussian government, with
holding any preliminary assurances aa to
disarmament or other matters of vital
interest, but seeing- to It that aha ac
quires some ot the richest granaries of
Europe, would make a peace If those
are her terms that would give her
splendid opportunities to prepare for
another world conflict.'
If these are tha derman terms, this
official added, they are well worth the
surrender, of the Berlln-to-Bagdad
scheme. In any event, he indicated, the
uau x i auuisuu nj. nun
PJot Is Discovered
San. Francisco, Das. JL U. P. Flra
In an apartment bouse on Waller street
today endangered tha Uvea of a dosen
Persons and led to the discovery of one
of tha most remarkable arson plots In
local police history. Louis J. Helblng
wa arrested, charged with arson. T-
Xa tha basement of the building fire
men found that three barrels J" of gaso
line had been tipped: over. A candle
had been attached to a string, which,
whan pulled, would tip over, igniting ax-
oalslor, thus communicating the flames
to the gasoline. On tha second floor of
the building- a similar, device had been
Helblng waa arrested when the string-
was found to run to 'his room.
Threa men were slightly injured, i Tha
apartment house was partly destroyed.
Seattle Membership Grows .
Seattle. Dec 2L I. N. R) Fifty-
eight thousand, 'nine hundred and six
dollars is the sum so far subscribed by
Seattle In the national Red Cross mem
bership drive. A committee of 1000
started out this morning to clean up tha
downtown section or the city.
PLAN TO KEEP MINES
BY CARDINAL GIBBONS
Writes Fuel Administrator Gar
field : Concerning Proposal to
-Work. During the Holidays. ,
. "Washington, Dec II. (J. N. 8.V
Cardinal Gibbons Wednesday approved
Fuel Administrator Garfield's plan to
keep coal mines at work during the
Christmas holidays to secure k maximum
output of coaL ' ,
I am pleased to say, that I approve
ot your suggestion that tha miners per
form their ordinary tasks upon holy
daya and holidays until the present
crisis Is over." Cardtnal Gibbons wrote
in a letter to Dr. Garfield. --It will be
of Invaluable service td the country and
to humanity if they will work regularly
and avoid unnecessary loaa of time, for
every ton of coal which they place at
the disposal of the country's tndustriee, i
contributes la large measure - towards
the annr tea of the aaUoa In the UtanUe
struggle upon which we have entered.
-Towards accomplishing thia lauda
ble purpose. 1 would kindly suggest that
the public planes "selling iwoikkuh
drinks might cooperate with the effort
of the government by closing; their bars
from t o'clock tn the evening until I
o'clock the foUowlnx morning. This
surely would sot work any hardship apoa
the patroaa. On the contrary, it woum
benefit them and give them more time
to spend with their famUlea, while at tha
same time contribute to their greater
These are daya of sacrifice and 2
feel confident that our men. In the coal
regions will not be loss generous of their
beet efforts -than others to the country.
Us to tha present they have done splen
didly and I have no reason to think that
they would alow down tn the leas In
their part of national aervtco.'
Opposed to Meeting
Washington, Deo II. (WABHTNO
TON BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL.)
Edward D. Baldwin, acting chairman
of the Oregon Republican state central
committee, haa received several repUee
to his letters to committeemen asking
If they favored his eutnlng special raeet-
tag to elect e chairman to succeed Sen
ator McXary. RepUet are unanimously
against it Baldwin says there will be
no meeting until the new committee la
elected following the spring primary.
0. 0.D.' Woman Now
Working, in Seattle
Seattle. VVaah, . Dec .11. O. ?. -
Police are searching today for a woman
who registered yesterday at ' faaMoai
able Seattle hotel aa "Mrs. TQilte," or
dered $100 worth ot merchandise sent to
her , room C O. D, and asked the de
livery' boy to wait until her husband
came tn and paid the bilL The boy
waited 'bat ae- husband appeared. In
vestigation showed the woman had dis
appeared with the gooda,
It ta believed ' "Mrs. Watte" Is the
woman who worked a similar echeme tn
PorUand . recently, 'obtaining ' furs, dia
monds and other valuable merchandise.
e m ei - i
i i i i r .
.11 1 I u
arly a man who. without PetrogTaa ie ".n- United States and. the allies would re-
legal right to make tesU ' 1.-(U. P.)-Former Caar Nicholas land JeJt thenJ. llkely M vnr
r aa mumim vi
of cows for. tuberculosis, takes tha dace bis family are to be permitted to seek
haven in some otner country wan nus-
I and the salary of a qualified veterin-
,wjiuu dc i vcu uia ciijr eixtcienuy
tior a numoer or years in making the
tests for tuberculosis. The whole sub
1 jeot of milk inspection is too vitally re-
lated to the lives of the babies in Fort
r land to be subjected to political Jug-
' Ho Right to Jaggle
? i Dr.-Ralph Matson, well known speclal
; -1 1st in the treatment of tuberculosis,
1 said: "A pharmacist cannot test dairy
- , 1 cowa for tuberculosis. He cannot prop-
1 erly Interpret the reacUona There is
a vital relation between bovine tubercu
' -loala and publio health. There are well
j established instances where bovine tu-
beroulosls has been transmitted to hu
man individuals, particularly children,
through the medium of milk taken from
tubercular cowa CummlnlniMr Mann
haa no right to juggle with the milk
1 inspection division. He has no right
J to pay his debts by appointments in
4 that division and the people of this
' city will not tolerate his doing so."
f , . More Teterinarianswcaded
"The City club or any other body of
It waa authoritatively stated today
that a decree would be Issued Thursday
allowing members of the Imperial fam
ily, including- those at Tobolsk to "go
abroad" in compliance with their
request. This action of the Bolshevlkl
Is due to insistence of the Germans in
the armistice negotiations.
The German negotiators, it was stated,
had raised the question of disposition of
the former members of royalty, at
Brest-Litovsk. The Bolshevlkl leaders
asked the opinion of the Grand Dukes
Kicholaa Nikolaievltch and Paul Alex
androvltch, who suggested that all mem
bers of the royal family be allowed to
The newspaper Vetchemey Vremla
asserted that the kaiser had demanded
from the Bolshevlkl plenipotentiaries
release of the caar and his family from
banishment and that the delegates had
declared this matter waa one for de
cision by the assembly.
One report current in the city today
was that the imperial family had ac
tually been released.
embarrass the Teutonic Russian peace
It haa' been thought In official quar
ters tor the past week that the massing
of the large German forces on the west
ern front might not be so much proof
of a military offensive actually to start.
aa part of the stage setting to awe the
world into the belief that an uncon
querable Germany, waa able to dictate a
Big TJ. S. Airplane
Factory Is Finished
Washington. Deo. Ilv L N. R- The
naval aircraft factory at the Philadel
phia navyyard haa been completed at
a cost ot $1,000,000. Secretary Daniels
Two thousand skilled workers are
needed Immediately to put the plant In
full operation. Skilled machinists of all
kinds are required to make and as
semble alrplao parts. Trained wood
workers also are urgently needed.
, ") . V &
: :: ? . '
. 'V, h ,
' H ill xvv
. ONE OF THE 5000 FEET
MARK TWAIN'S IMMORTAL BOY HERO
IN PICTURES AT LAST '
For an Hour and a Half Be a Kid Once
More TOMOROW at the -,
C O L U.MBI A
QUALITY OUR POLICY
I I I I I I I I I I
i i I I-- J,"' l'" 11 -" - X . i-' -
i Your neighbor will teU you
about it! It's a 100 per
cent show. Hurry if you
want to see it.
art' -an m a ,
1 r f. . .. .
TTHt WAWHORTwfTH MAClTC.THCSTOriGWT MAN mrnt WORLD
The Giant Hero of
The European Fairbanks
The Strongest Man
in ThU World
Not a War Picture, But the Greatest 7-Part
Comedy - Dramatic Spectacle.
LAUGH .WEEP CHEER
i-i Beg. Next Sunday ;
II II 1
J I llll I I I I I I I I I I I I j
ExeeHeat Mayer" Tiaae. A tttt
BtrlcUy k!fk grade
Good BUgkUy Used naae.....
MekUa TTf right
Welte Xlgaen ruyer...
Excellent - values also In Used Pianos
and Playera. ,
TICT&0LA8 AVD BKC0&DS. r
. Terma arranged to pleaae yow. V .
Gi F. Johnson Piano Co
:; 11? StxtH StreeC
Bet." Alder aad Merrlaea. - - :
In Can Franclsco-
V Cesra Street. Jest edlJaton Square,
From GlSO a Day
BrsaktattdOe lancktOe OtaaertlUM .
$m niii KeaktastTae atsaerltA
Maakpel car Sue direct to doea. Motor "
"On Christmas Morn" 1
' The SWEETEST Message I
I of All Will Be the CANDY I
Choose From Qur Assortment of Special
- - v ."' . " -
. HolidaJ Novelty Pack- , ?
ages and .Boxes
' ' THK
E .- CHRISTMAS
E ' HaUay
V EARLY 5
u snxenofa E
WSl BeFreekly 5
Falesl far .
; ' TCMA3 : . S
; Deirrery ' 5
.269-71 Morrison St, Near Fourth
People are rapidly
learning the difference
between "motion - picf '
ture theatres" and mo
tion - picture theatres
that show Paramount
and Artcraft pictures
and keep these, two
. . ...