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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 20, 1917)
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TTB ALL TRCE-
PORTLAND. OREGON, THURSDAY . EVENING, DECEMBER - 20. 1917. EIGHTEEN; PAdESC Cl !
. VOE - XVI. NO. 190
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Expose of Amazing Piots Carried
on by Count Luxburg Regard
ed as Certain to Line Southern
Republic Against Hun Forces.
Secretary Lansrng Makes Public
More of Amazing Messages
That German Minister Sent to
His Home Government.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20. (I.N.
S.) The wonderfully rich
South American republic of Ar
gentina today joins the allies
against Germany. . Sorely tried,
that .natfoo- has ' exhibited pa
tience -ranking with that of the
United States, but it was agreed
in all -diplomatic circles late this
evening that pubflcatiOIfcof Count
, Luxbursji's r messages. showing
- Germany s contempt or tne law
V of nations in. dealing with Ar-
gentina can lead to nothing but
The amazing story of how Count Lux
burg, German' charge at Buenos Aires,
used his official position to spy out
prises for German U-Boats; ridiculed
.officials to whom he daily was profess
ing the fltmost friendship,' J and held at
his disposal a debauchery1 fund of at
least half a million dollars, was re
vealed by the state department late this
; Secretary of State Lansing made pub
lic all of the cablegrams and messages
which Luxburg sent n code to the Oer-
- man foreign office, in Berlin through
the Swedish legatfiJn to the Argentine
with three exceptions. These were
" withheld because they dealt entirely with
affairs of Chile and Uruguay.
' Accompanying tne telegram was a
communication from the Argentine min
ister of foreign affairs, stating that they
had been forwarded by him to the Ar
gentina ambassador in Washington, Dr.
iRoinulo S. Kaon, who had .secured them
from the state department. He makes
it plain that the, messages, are for the
most, part without foundation in fact.
Officials Are Ridiculed
One of the cablegrams gies In' detail
the sailing of numerous ships from Ar
gentine ports with their destination and
a description of them especially dwelling
on their low visibility because of their
being deeply loaded.
Another tells Germany, as already has
been made known, to express regret
that her submarine commander was
i". "forced" to sink the' steamer Tord and
OoDCludd oa Pag TUrn. ColniSn Owl
! In Its plain unvarnished facta, the
rtory of the . adventures of Captain F.
E, Southard, master of the schooner
Manila, told Wednesday afternoon by
the captain as he sat comfortably In
nia "room at the Multnomah hotel,
sounds like the fanciful story of a
novel. - .
. The schooner Manila, it will be re
membered, was sunk on - July JB ' In
the South Pacific by the German
jaider Seeadler. The -name means
J'Sea . Eagle," . Several months previ
ous,1 the Manila, with a cargo of lum
ler, had Sailed from Portland for
Captain Southard arrived . In . San
i Francisco laweek ago Wednesday and
etoDoed off in Portland to visit friends
; W route i:- to; his i- home :, at JShelton. J
Wash., near vrhere he owns a farm. ,
, 'WetuaUed from ' Portland on Feb
ruary it felastj Washington's birthday,
and arrived, at Sydney 61 days later.
Upon- discharging there we proceeded
to Newcastle to .-take on coal for
Honolulu.; - ' .
,' "En route to -Honolulu and about 900
miles southeast of there, and about 800
- miles north of- the Society islands, the
second mate at 4 :S0 - p. m.; July S,
came to jme and reported that he had
heard " an explosion . but " could see
nothing. ' I immediately went upon
deck--"A few moments later we heard
DOES IT PAY
TO KNIT ALL
ITH THE AMERICAN ABXf
X FBAXCE. Ute, M. (U.
Tboie knitted carmeaU,
pradet of the afreeuonate d pa
triot lo Tromea back tone, are tke
American eoldler'i pride and Joy
ana-comfort these days.
An inch of enow Blanketed tke
entire American training area to
day. It wat cold intensely cold.
The Anerlcantoare prepared to faeo
the Boche machine gens and their
kelll but few are brare enongh la
tkls tort of weather to nfcdres .la
their cold billets. Mostly they sleep
1b their clothes, with the sweaters,
wristlets, helmets and mufflers
knitted by American women baa
died abont them. They kelp amas
Ingly In defying the winter chill.
The. snow-today made no differ
ence in tke training program. Thou
sands of the American fighters
went through their bayonet, bomb
ing, trencn.jnbrtarlng and machine
gnu drills, unmindful of the weath
er. For the most part they dis
carded their cumbersome oTercoats
for the warm knitted sweaters and
they kept busy enough to get warm.
More Christmas packages are ar
riving almqst hourly. Tkousaads of
sacks of Ckrlstmas mall from home
are bow piled high on tke railway
Paris), -ie''30(TJ. P.) Joseph Cail
laux. France's; former premier,' made his
defense before the chamber of demities
nsaay'againstchafgea 6t treaaoti ' aHu
complicity with Bolo Pasha to under
mine his country's defenses. , .
The former statesman, center of the
political storm of the day, drew a great
audience for what hie friends predicted
would be the greatest of all his speeches
of a tempestuous career.
Calllaux. first denied his visits to Italy
had any : treasonable significance or
that he was Working with sinister ele
ments in : Italy to divide France and
."If the French embassy in Rome had
advised that they objected to my . pres
ence In that city, I would have depart
ed," he declared.
Calllaux flatly denied his trip to
Rome In December, 1916, was Impelled
by treasonable motives. He said he
had lunched with the Italian deputy,
Cavallini, under suspicion In Italy for
German intrigue, only once. In Novem
ber, 1916. He denied he had ever known
Of Military Training
Washington. Dec. 2Q. (U. P.) Major
General John F. Morrison, recently back
from an inspection tour in France, was
today named director of military train
ing with headquarters here.
Morrison's task .will be to coordinate
training in all national army and na
tional guard camps.
He has .been among those most often
mentioned for the place .of. chief of staff
when General Bliss retires December 31.
Morrison's experience as head of the
army service school is regarded as
specially fitting hfm for his new post,
v General Morrison wis formerly .sta
ttoned at Vancouver barracks and has
many friends In Portland.
CROWDS LISTEN TO
of Schooner Manila
an Raider Seeadler
other explosions and I saw something
strike the water.
r Ordered to Leave Ship
"It was a little hasy. but soon we
made out a ship cdmlng toward us.
More shots were fired, making flv
in all, the last striking within 200 feet
of the ship. Naturally I hove to.
"The . ship was coming . under 'her
own power. We afterwards learned. Jr . v . , terward" w
she was eauinned with nowerfni ni.Mll11 t"t th object of the Germans
she was equipped with powerful Diesel
engines. Soon Bhe' crossed our stem
and hailed us. ' We then distinguished
the Germatr flag and saw that the ship
was. the Seeadler., I immediately had
our flag hoisted, v V
" "Get your boats out : we are "going-
to sink "you, was the greeting we
received in perfectly good English., We
Immediately started to , comply, when
we were hailed again. ' ;.Never mind
the boats. Well send you d cutter,
bellowed one ot the German officers.
Soon - a ; rootorboat ,wlth an officer
and 10 men came alongside. . ,
"The officer told ua that our ship was.
a prise and that they were going to sink
her, adding that we would be given 20
minutes to pack out personal belongings.
He then demanded - my . papers and all
the money I had. .? I gave him the pa
pers; hut had no money to' give him,
for which I was .thankful. The Ger
mans then began going through the cab
r - .
A ft! E
Fate of Venice May Be Decided
by the Weather; Both Sides
Realize Necessity for Early
and Decisive Decision in North
Austrians Being Sent Into Battle
With Barrage From Own Guns
RahinH Tham? fial ant DAfpntA
"v - " J, "Ipariy s continuing its franchise agree
Put Up by Italian Line.
By Henry Wood
WITH THE FRENCH ARMIES
IN ITALY, Dec 20. (U. P.)
The fate of the Venetian plains
today hangs on the weather.
If Italy's lines hold , for, a lort
night Under the' tremendous Teu-
lonie pressure,-winter's Ice and .
. snow' will effectively,- lock the:
vdoor to - in" plains;-
Both sides resUze the "supreme
necessity of a decision tm both
sides of the . Brent river, n
Italy can make successful ' de
fense as she: is now and check
the Austro-Germans on their
present line, she will be ready
for a spring counter offensive.
Officials retrard the present situation
as the most favorable and the most
honeful for the Italians since the or
iginal retreat. The Austro-German
tategy is now sufficiently unfolded to
render it -Certain their sole winter ob
ject consists in reaching the Venetian
plains through the valley or tne urmu,
flowing out from the Alps at tsassano.
Gallant Beslstance Put Cn
Tmtctinr this crucial point the
Italians haVe two deep salients.
One Is east of the Brenta. culminating
with Its most northerly point In Monte
Solarolo.' Monte Grappa Is ita highest
point. The other Is west of the Brenta.
culminating to the north in' Monte Zal-
bena, of the Aslago plateau.
While Oeneral Bueiows German
armies, by successive and carefully pre
pared attacks, seek to encircle Monte
Grappa by. capturing, contiguous ground
and neighboring peaks. General Con
rad's Austrians. are delivering either
simultaneous or alternating attacks
against the. Asiago salient on the oppo
site side-of -the Brenta.
During a four-day continuous assault
by the enemy last week the Italian
fourth array put up a resistance so for
midable as to win the unstinted ad
miration of both the French and British
Snow- fell "-throughout the mountain
sector on Monday the first real winter
weather. At - the most the enemy has
only a few days left before great drifts
of snow win treese him up.
ins, all i the-. time urging us to hurry
Wanted to Leet Vessel
"Pretty soon they got us to believing
the ship would be blown up any minute,
and in, fear of our Uvea we lost little
.una in iHvinc me sniD. we conse
quent! didn't have time to save much of
our personal, effects. -1 mat all .of ray
in hurrying us was to have a -chance to
loot the ship' before we had a chance to
grab our, belongings. A few days later
on the Seeadler I saw a German sailor
wearing my best pair of shoes. They
actually took my irunk, also.
"When we boarded the Seeadler It
had gotteti quite dark and was raining
and squally. And then a . funny thing
happened.- I wear a set of lower false
teeth and I discovered, that I had left
them In my -eaftm under by pillow. 'For
God's sake," I shouted. ;i .have left, my
teeth behind.' This was taken as a big
big Joke by the" Germans and provoked
a good deal of laughter. , "Let him go
back and got them. said a German offi
cer, and to ' my . surprise I was taken
back and recovered them In due and an
cient form j ;&' r v k: -' . , '" ..-
Mere Captains In 3Tlsrr ;
"Back aboard - the Seeadler . I , found
' (Coeelude on Pag Eigbt, Column tV"
TO HELP U. S.
ITH THE AMERICA
FORCES IX FBAXCE, Dee.
X. 8.) All Russian
offloer In France, from tke com
manding general down to lieuten
ants, kaTO placed tkemsetres at tke
disposal of tke American forces, to
be used as General Pershing sees
fit In recognition of the efforts of
America to rehabilitate Russia.
Tke offer was made by the ral
Ing officer of Russia's forces In
Franc, and be gare assurance that
all of the Russian officers were
most anxious to advance tke cause
of the allies by serving with tke
Tke offer Is now nnder considera
tion. 6 CENTERS HIT
The city council "showed Its teeth"
in the street carfare situation before
the public service commission today.
declaring that It would insist on the
Portland Railway, Light & Power com-
ment for a 6 cent fare within the city
City Attorney LaRoche. who entered
formal protest against any fare in
crease, said the people of Portland
ought not to be made to carry the
burdens of unprofitable lines. He re
quested the commission to ascertain
the 1 respective earnings of the several
lines In order that it may be shown
what' divisions are paying a return
and what extensions are operating at
s loss.' ' " '"' '- . . f .
--If the'' loss In' the company's earn-
SNAG AT HEAR NG
a is as iw ssvs aas uuivivu ass w pis 1
yamtm-in extensionsshould thltoM'fnWe "8o" not promise not to "con- '
lnga is due to any injudicious Invest'
tne tnicxjy settled districts m loroea to
carry this extra burden? he Inquired.
Denial of the right of the public serv
ice commission to chance the existing
franchise agreements between the city
and the traction Tompany entered Into
the question today. Commissioner Dan
Kellaher, who was intercepted while
hurrying from his offices In the city
ball to the commission hearing, said :
I have the dope In. my pocket. Tht
city will insist on the- fulfillment of the
five cent fare agreement notwithstand
ing action to the contrary by the public
service commission. This agreement
was entered Into In good faith and a
contract made In Oregon is Just as good
today as it was when It was written. I
deny the right of the public service com
mission to change existing conditions."
Advance Is Protested
Attorney Le Roy Smith protested
against the rate advance "in behalf of
a number of the members of the Tax
payers' league." He declared that the
people had not been given sufficient time
to make a showing against the fare In
Chairman - Miller of the commission
called the attorney to account sharply,
declaring that he resented any reflec
tlons cast upon the commission In which
It " would appear that - the commission
had not given the public every opportun
ity to be heard. He said :
"This carfare question has been under
investigation for three or four years. Re
peated hearings have been held and the
(Coocladsd os Page four. Column Tar)
Eed Tape Is Out;
Lights Will Shine
Portland will not be dark tonight. In
response to - a protest wired by Fuel
Administrator Fred G. Holmes, on. re
ceipt of the "lightless nights'" order
last Saturday, a telegram was received
Wednesday afternoon from Washington
countermanding the order so far aj
Portland Is concerned.
The original order from the fuel ad
ministration called for the elimination
of all superfluous illumination for ad
vertising or display In all cities In the
country on Thursday and Sunday nights.
The amended order secured by Mr.
Holmes makes this ruling: effective only
in regard to electric current generated
by the use of fuel.
Red Cross Worker
Gets Out Warrant
Edgar Stafford, 'photographer. East
Seventh and East Burnside streets, is
charged in municipal court with using
abusive language to Mrs. Isabel Moore.
Red Cross worker.
When Mrs. Moore stepped into Sta
ford's place of business Wednesday aft
ernoon, soliciting Red Cross members,
she . alleges that he used abusive lan
guage to her and taking her by the arm
showed her the door. He was arrested
on a warrant Issued from Deputy City
Attorney Delch's office; by -Patrolman
Russell. - f.- . .
Danish Ships Held ;
; In U. S. Released
Copenhagen, Dee- 20. (U. P.) "Amer
ica's Christmas gift to the Danish peo
ple," la what Copenhagen' newspaper
termed the United States government's
release of Danish ships today.: jui com
ment expressed earnest gratitude over
the action. - - - i - -
I 1 !
Russia 'Does Not Promise Not'
to Make Peace, Says Trotsky:
in Speech to Radicals at j
Peasants' Congress. j
i Country Not Able to;: . :-7-.
10-Year War in lntecrjt;t :
"of French Bourse and Wf'tir '
sh Imperialism." fcfep
BY JOSEPH SRAPLEN
STOCKHOLM. Dec. 20. (U. P.)
-sjThe Russian Bolshevlkl
have given the allies two months
in which to Join in the "gen
, eral peace"- they propose, feeord-
ing to a speech by Leon Trots-
iky,' foreign nrioieter, whiho i-eaenX
ed here todav '
elude ' a separate pcAce," the
Bolshevlkl leader declared. ."We
are not able - to make war for
10 years in the interest of the
French Bourse and English im
perialism. History will condone
a separate peace."
Trotsky's speech was made to a group
of members of the left (Radical) parties
at the peasants congress, .on Monday,
after the Bolshevlkl minister had been
howled -down by the convention a a
Members of the right (Conversatlve
and Middle) parties formed -a majority
in the peasants' meeting. They refused
to permit the Bolshevlkl foreign mini
ster to speak. Trotsky tried several
times, but could not make himself heard
above the uproar. Then he left the
hall. When he left a group of his ad
herents followed, and it was to them
that ha spoke, in another room from
tnat in which the congress was meeting;.
German Views Are Asked
"We have Instructed our representa
tives to Inquire what interpretation will
be placed upon our policy of no an
nexations and no Indemnities' by Ger
man Foreign Minister Kuehlmann and
Austro-Hungarlan Foreign Minister
Csernln," Trotsky declared. "No doubt
they will attempt to obscure their
answers by diplomatic phrases, but w
will Insist that a clear answer be given.
"We have given the allies two months
to Join in our general peace efforts, but
we do not promise not to conclude a
Germany's Independent Socialists are
once again up In arms against the government-Confirmation
ot yesterday's dis
patches that Germany's real Socialists
were violently opposing: a separate Peace
with Russia came today In receipt of
the current Issue of the Lelpsla-er Volks
Zeltung. chief organ of the Independent
uerman Socialists. The leading edl
to rial bitterly assails the separate peace
movement as the "greatest danger yet
menacing German and European democ
Weald Have Terms Slated
The demand la voiced that the central
powers immediately state their terms
making general negotiations possible.
The, Bolshevlkl are denounced In the
editorial as "traitors U the Russian rev
The editorial likewise reveals for the
(Coerlodcd oe Psi four. Unn Oae)
Corn Popper Wanted
For Sale !Mlscenaneus it
GENUINE Alaska bearskin over
coat, almost new, at half price.
Flaasa, Organs and 3fs steal
WANTED A double row accordion
In fair condition.
WANTEDS second . hand
popper and peanut roaster
Tow are always sure of one thtnr
that If your want ad la in THE
JOURNAL WANT COLUMNS It is
being considered by men and
women who am reading it began
they WANT something.
JOURNAL WANT ADS hava
" been- a "JaweT finder for many, a
housewlf a. - ,. . . . .
The wants 'contain .Ideas for
very calling and walls of life.,
- Today la the time to put la year
JOURNAL WANT AD. : K ,
'-. .- ; ........ . . V.
Turks Strip Holy Shrine
Sacred Relics Are Stolen
INTERIOR OF HOLY. SEPULCHRE
VIEW OF THE CHAPEL which covers the traditional spot
where Christ rose from the dead. The precious relics have
. been sent to Berlin as loot for the kaiser. The treasure's
intrinsic value is in the millions, while its historic and religious
associations make it priceless. This photograph was taken by
W.. H. Crawford of Portland.
Moslems, Under German ; Tute
lage, Ravish Sacred; Objects
for First Time in History.
Washington. Dec 20. (I. N. 8.)
The Turks retiring from Jerusalem
stripped the Holy Sepulchre and other
holy places of all of their most ven
erated objects. They took .with them
as a prisoner the patriarch of Jeru
salem, according to an official French
The .Turks tortured Christian priests,
stole the treasure of the Church of the
Holy Sepulchre, valued at millions of
dollars, and sent to the kaiser the
church's ostensory of brilliants.
Mortal smor Cemasael. the patriarch of
Eric Campbell of
Chaplin Films Killed
Xetlen Picture Aster's Car, Xaklag
Mne-a-XInuta, Crashes Istav Another
.Macalasi Three Are Badly Injured.
Los Angeles. Dee. 20. (I. N. 8.)
Eric Campbell. fUm star, the blackbeard
ed giant in Chart le Chaplin pictures,
was Instantly killed and throe others
were seriously Injured here early today
when an automobile, driven, by Cams
balU collided with another machine on
wrtshlre boulevard. Campball's car was
speeding 0 milea an hour, according to
The injured :
Miss Jean Crosby, motion picture ac
tress, left arm crushed and Internal in
Harold Schneider, magazine ana scen
ario writer, sprained knae. seven ribs
fractured.' . ' ,
W. A. HoMenbsrav driver of the sec
ond car. left leg fractured. . .'. . t
- ' . :
V: On lnscnptipn
'"-" . .. . 4 J
Melbourne, Dec KL L-C S.) Bal.'
lotlng to determine ' whether : censer! ih
Uon.snau oe put in.exisc-, ia Auatraua
1HSU - - - .."jl r ...
V . ' ,? !'; ; '
' "'S '
Jeruaalem. la said to hava bean deposed
from his office, and . Father Ploomrdo,
an Italian priest, to have died from the
effects of Turkish brutalities.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre had
remained unmolested heretofore during
all the centuries of Moslem occupation
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre was
consecrated In the year IK on the tradi
tional spot where Christ arose from ths
Conducts Biggest Drive
- Washington. Dec 20. U. ,P.) Three
hundred thousand postmen are tolling
night and day to deliver America's holi
day mail the biggest In history by
'. "And, If they succeed." sa!4 Assistant
Postmaster General Otto Praeger to
day. "It wll ba because America did
Its Christmas mailing early."
Hall . mowiam t records .have been
shattered since mid-November, Praeger
said.- Billions ot tons of bundles, boxes,
psckm and letters hava boen'whtaked
to tAnr . destinations, despite wartime
. Whole-trains of. cars, units of the
carefully worked out mall transporta
tion program.- have been connnandeered
by th government. - a' 10 ear train was
grabbed by tne way department at New
Yerk within the last 21 hours.
: 'Wag Man Adds le-iBsrdsa . '
'. 3ierchante. have .over-burdened the
parcel posts try ' breaking up. large ex
press, shipments on account of express
congestion. , v . . ! . - .
Tons upon tone of government war
mall haVa been addsd to the postal bar
dn., ' ' T ' n " ' -1 "
"And yet,- , said - Praeger. "reports
from alt IS postal divisions In the coun
try show, there-. Is no oongasrU on any
whefvso far.T Unleas) -the public and
merchants --are holding v back.; a . ua.
ujera.wui .se no oongesuon.'
i be mm
Lloyd George Tells House of
Commons England Is Fighting ;
for Assurance That Germany';
Can Not Disturb World Peace.
Says German Colonies Should :,
Be Given Voice in Deciding
Their Future Government! Op- -timistic
View Is Taken.
LONDON. Dec . (U. P.)
England's war aims rest prt '
marily on the necessity that, the
allies have security from Cer-.
many for a future world's peac.
As outlined In the ' bouse of
commons by Premier Lloyd .
'George, this security can only be
attained by destruction of : Ger
many military power and de
mocraUrtUon. of the Gtrman-
fovernmeot. ' . -,v i.
. "The wishes, desires and InUr-"" 1
ests." of the inhabitants of - Ihe
German colonies must be a dom-. .
inant factor in the settlement
of their future government,"
England's prime ' minister de-, :
"Mesopotamia and Armenia
should never be returned lo
"The question of ths German colonies "
Is one for decision at the International .
peaos conference. -
The future trustees of the German
colonies must consider the sentiments
ot the peeople themselves whether they
may desire to return to their former
Dements Csmelcte CsmyeasaUen '
"We demand the complete restoration
and compensation for. territories that '
hava bean taken." Lloyd. George as-
sorted. -". ,v.
. Lloyd George's speech was made tn .
an impressive setting in the house ot
commons this afternoon. -- -
.A great crowd, both on the floor and
In the galleries, heard him vigorously
sot forth Um objects for which Lng
lsnd proposed to fight to the last. -
To right this fight, the premier de
"It will be nscessary" to caJl -cp
many of those at presant exempted.,
Xust Dartre Military Fswer
"We must hava security from Ger
many for future world peace," th pre
mier OKjirM, smpbasiatag his -msntous
words with ringing- tense.
(Osacmded ea Psce roar. Catena lir)
on Xmas Mail
As showing the enormity f the task "
accomplished. Praerer declared AmtrU -
ca's post offices hava handled, every day
since Aovemoer is, a volume of mail -equal
to the peak load of Chrtstmae
week last year, which was the greatest
ever handlod by tha department. , -
A Ulegram from the Chicago 9oat" -master
today," said Praeger. "tells) ua -that
on the night of December IT, be
tween p m. and a. m.. 7 tone of -parosl
post packagea alona ' rssssd .
through that office. That la 10 fall '
carloads of malL It does not tncinda -the
day's ran. That Is the situation I
. Kali Bktya Used ea Coast
To get away with this unprecedented .
Job, the government added MOO men to
Its force of lt.Oeo railway mall clerks.
It hae used through mail trains from
coast to coast. It has) relieved congee .
tlon In transfer centers by filling fast
coastwise ships with mall and shooting
them from one end of the United Sta tea '
to the other on both coasts.' thos aav
lng transfer centers of from two to
seven cars a' day each, ever si oca Do
camber 12. ; , , - -
Wa are in the midst of tha final "
spurt now. We win hit the heaviest
going about tomorrow and unless soma- .
thlog goes amiss, all America's Christ
mas mail will be at rts front, door ky .
Christmas ere,-, Praeger said.