Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 29, 1914)
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL, PORTLAND, THURSDAY EVENING,, OCTOBER 29., 1914.
AN TDEPKTENT NEWSPAPER.
C ft. JACKSON
1 uMlh(l arorr cventac eit Sunday) asd
. trr Bandar morning at Th Jnwnal Build
in;. Broadway and Yamhill ta.. Portland. Of.
, fcmwtd at tne pnntoft at Portlasd. Vf.. tat
frananlanloQ tbrouitb ba aialla aa aacond
' rlaaa matter. .
TKLJa'tlOSKR Mnln 711: HtrtD. A-fl061.AU
departmcata reached by then number. Ten
tha operator what lPTMtniU yon want.
HiJKlUN AJAKVT1S1NG HttPKKHKNTATlVIJ
.'.. henjfn A Kant nor Co.. Brnnawtck BKJC-.
KiS fifth Are.. New Yr. 1218 Popl a
ia' Bid.. Cblao.
V Muiwcriiiuua n-iw. hr wall r
iaa la U Csltid States Mexico!
to rear ta.no One aaaotk. .....
Oaa rear J..V I One nwmth
DAtL AND SUNDAY. :
' Oae rear 47.50 I On awmtb -0J
A SOBER THOUGHT FOR SERIOUS PEOPLE
Ortc to destroy Is murder by
And gibbets " keep the lifted
To murder thousands take a
Wir'n glorious art, and gives
THE" TIMBKR EXPKJtT
iVEN Dr. 'Withycombe recog
nizes that Mr. Booth is an
authority on timber. Tn his
fatuous llillsboro speech, Dr.
Oh, my fHendn. thinkjof our for
est weulth; one ntxth of tall the tim
ber In the United .States Hh here, but j
Senator Booth In to speak. He will I
tell you all about that.
These are, indeed, statesmanlike
.HERE is an explanation that those who are guiding Dr. Withy-
come and his campaign owe to the people ol this state.
Why did they refuse yesterday to give out information on
where their candidate was to speak? Why did they give
evasive replies at the Wlthycombe headquarters to all inquiries about
; any future appointments of Dr. Wlthycombe for public addresses.
Why, very early after his nomination, am tney aavise ur. wuny
combe to avoid discussion of state issues, and . why has Dr. Withy
combe almost steadily obeyed them?
Why have these managing persons refused to take the people
of Oregon into their confidence, and why has their candidate stead
ily refused to take the people of ttiis state into his confidence?
They are asking the people to commission.. Dr. Wlthycombe to go
to the state capital and administer the public affairs of this great
commonwealth. It is a position of crucial importance, vitally af
fecting the vast public business and ' complex relations of the state
and its people. It is a position as head of a great state corpora
tion, which ..expends yearly many millions of public money, a position
which stands as the one barrier between the people and legislative
extravagance and which should be a bulwark against those who make
raids on the public treasury and pile up taxes.
In view of all this, thoughtful men must seriously ask themselves
these questions: V
Why are his managing persons unwilling .to trust Dr. Withy
combe to go out uncensored and discuss public questions before the
Since his own sponsors are afraid of what Dr. Withycombe may
do as a candidate now. what confidence can serious people have in
him as a possible head of the state government?
How can they ask that the great office of governor and the ad
ministration of big public affairs in this state be committed without
question, without information and without guarantees, to unseen
managing men and to a non-committal candidate?
'EAVY. losses have been
brought upon evey Portland
jiness house toy the per
sistent cry of "hard times"
by the Oregonian, its political sat
rellites and its candidates.
For purely political purposes,
this fake cry has been voiced in
editorials, cartoons, newspaper ar
ticles and letters from politicians
for many months.
You cannot ding doing calamity
into the ears of men aggressively
and long without inspiring timid
Ouls with apprehension. You
cannot keep up a "hard times" cry
for months without filling a lot of
people with fear.
man cost of Europe's war. Can
the world survive if its picked
men are destroyed at such a "rate?
Till RTY - FIVE YEARS
T IS almost impossible to realize
that it was only thirty-five years
ago that Edison perfected the
electric light. During that time
a new world has been created, yet
the use of electricity is in its in
fancy and Edison is still busy with
his contributions to human ad
vancement. It was Edison who perfected the
electric railroad in America though
a German inventor operated an
electric car in Berlin simultaneous
ly with Edison's first successful
experiment in this country.
It was Edison who caught the
human speech with the phonograph
to perpetuate it for generations
after the speaker is dead.
In the motion picture Edison
has made it possible to reproduce
animated life upon the screen and
ships away from the Interoceanic
waterway, vessels have passed
through in increasing numbers un
til business vas temporarily sus
pended by the landslide. Up to Oc
tober 1, 100 vessels had used the
The canal's utility has been es
tablished. As an Instance in the
saving of money Washington re
ports the case of four Norwegian
whalers, that had been operating in
Magdalena bay on the west coast of
Mexico. They had secured oil val
ued at $100,000, and. when their
officers sent them home through
the canal it was estimated they
would reach Norway about four
months earlier than by the longer
route around South America. This
will save the owners between $25,
000 and $30,000 in actual expenses
of travel after paying tolls to the
amount of $4000.
The European war has hampered
the canal's usefulness because the
conflict has been a handicap on
commerce. But in view of the cir
cumstances the United States had
ample reason for satisfaction over
the showing so far made by the
canal. Even a landslide has not
proved a serious handicap.
A FEW SMILES
PERTINENT COMMENT ANC NEWS IN BRIEF
The district attorney at a dinner In
New York told a story about honesty.
"Tbr was a man," he said, "who ap
plied tor a position
In a dry goods house. J
Did you ever see a sensible love let
The unattainable is what most of us
wasn't prepossess- aeslre-
In, and references !
. .mniiHM Aft- , A w,se mar takes no chances on a
were demanded. Ait cnance acquaintance,
er some hesitation, j , ,
he gave the, name of Sometimes a girl begins to flirt be
a driver In the i fore she is out of the cradle.
turns employ. mis orner, uo
thought, would vouch for him. A The average man knows as much
clerk sought out the driver and asked , about war maps as women do about
him if the applicant was honest, j politics.
"Honest V the driver said. "Why. his , u '
honesty's been proved again and agaim beS? tnerdTnarif
To my certain knowledge, he's been ; nione -
arrested nine times for stealing, and j '
every time he was acquitted." It's almost as easv for her to keep
j a secret as It is for her to see the
"How do you like your new home?" j point of a Joke
a friend asked a man who had re- o ,,,, .
t i a inati iru Ilia.II IS willing io pope
as an "angel," his wife will enact all
i the other parts in the show.
of Oregon. Never has Lincoln Re
publicanism been so misrepresented.
Lincoln said "God loves the
common people because he .made
so many of them." But here is
Mr. Booth, who wouldn't vote for
a direct primary through which
"common people" could nominate
their own candidates. Here is Dr.
Withycombe, who thinks an as
sembly is needed to advise the
"common people" who to nominate
Here is Mr. McArthur, who wanted
to make it a crime for any legis
lator to agree to vote for the com
mon people's choice for senator.
And here is Mr. Huston, and Mr
Geer, and Mr." McCamant, and Mr
Moser, and all the other reaction
aries, big and little.
There is not a Lincoln Repub
lican in Oregon who is under the
slightest obligation to follow such
Nnhndv known how manv hun
dreds of thousands or dollars "in ; to transport tne Denoiaer to me
the business volume of Portland uttermost parts of earth,
have been deliberately sacrificed j UP to tne very nour wnen Ed'
by political fakers. Nobody knows ! son produced the electric lamp,
how many workers have either lost October 21, 1879. scientists and en
thelr positions or had their wages i gineers insisted that he was trying
cut as a result of the hard times ! to achieve the impossible.
humbug. ! Among tne trinutes pain uison
Every department Store, every j by the" scientific world in the ob
dertfirtBw'nt store head! and every I servance of the thirty-fifth anni
department store clerk or employe ' versary of the electric light was
has been betrayed. Every small that of Dr. .Steinmetz, a wizard of
business and every clrlrk in every electricity himself, who said that
small business has beejh sacrificed, j while it is true Edison never went
Every day laborer, every water- ! to college he knows more about
front worker and every family has ; subjects taught in colleges than
been hurt by this deliberate as- most college men. Ho is essen
. sault on th. business life and i tialI' a practical man.
business conditions of Portland. It might be said that no man
A great streaming banner across has ever lived who has influenced
a public street sobs ut a bogus ; the people of his day in so many
allegation of evil days. Even the ! practical ways, no man will ever
standpat candidates appear in the i leave such gifts to posterity.
public print as foremost Bobbers in
the humbug, and all iTor the pur
pose of boosting themselves into
office. These candidates are de
liberately pulling down the city
' and the state, deliberately harming
'tVtaft 1 1 f r nrr A i i I rt a rt nil 4-Va
pie for the petty end of landin2 Philanthropy and her wise counsel
themselves in a public job. hd on ,thff eence of a long
Ther l not wi hrt nr ! and useful life, will be missed, but
a clerk, or a dock worker, or a
EACEFUL as her life was the
passing of Mrs. Caroline Sell
ing yesterday. In many a
circle her kindly presence, her
Stenographer or a day laborer or
anybody else but should hold these
candidates and their backers re
sponsible for their wanton assaults
the sweetness of the memory she
has left will linger and the influ
ence of her kind and loving acts
will flow on. '
To her, life , yielded much because
she cave much to life.
On business and for the great loss I She was indeed a "mother In Isreal."
of business and wages this miser
HERE is no three-cornered
fight in the contest for gov
ernor. Every poll taken
shows that the contest is be
tween C. J. Smith and Dr. Withy
combe, and that no other candi
date is even in hailing distance
There is no use to throw votes
Either C. J. Smith will be elected
governor, or Dr. Withycombe will
be elected governor. With the
election only four days away, no
power on earth can change the
unchangeable fact that the next
governor of this state will be one
or the other of these two men.
Progressive government in thia
state is on trial for its life. It is
no time for any voter who believes
in progress and modern govern
ment to waste a vote. It is a time
when every such voter should take
a stand for his own defense. Dr
Withycombe, as proven by his own
utterances, is a strong reactionary.
C. J. Smith, by his public rec
ord and by his fight in this cam
paign, is a proven progressive who
will resist public extravagance and
resist with all the power of his
office any attempt to turn the po
litical life of this state backward
ine two candidates present a
clean-cut and straight-out issue
One of them will win. No other
candidate has the faintest chance.
Every vote thrown for any other
candidate will be wasted. It will
be a vote deliberately thrown away
ALK of German preparations
to send an expeditionary force
to the shores of England re
calls the drum of Admiral
Drake who was in command of the
English fleet that destroyed the
famous Spanish armada. The drum
s said to rest in Buckland Abbey,
possession of a descendant of
There is a curious superstition
surrounding this drum. It is ex
pressed in the doggerel of Henry
Newbolt as follows:
Take my drum to England, hang it
by the shore.
Strike It when your powder's run
If the Dons eight Devon, I'll quit the
port of heaven
And drum them up the channel as
we drummed them long ago."
When the Dutch sought to wrest
the supremacy of the seas from
England the drum was struck ac
cording to the tradition and Drake's
spirit was reincarnated in Blake.
Again when Napoleon threatened
the English coast with his guards
and England's fate rested on her
navy the beating of the drum
able calamity sobbing has brought
on. f Newspapers and candidates!
and politicians who do such things
should be rebuked by a stinging
defeat, so there will- e an end of
these business betrayals.
THE COST IN MUX
THE CONVENTION BRIGADE
ESTIMATES are being made of
the cost in men of Europe's
war. The expert f the Kreutz
Zeitung, Berlin, places the
losses of the allies at 750,000 men
killed,1, wounded and missing. A
New York expert, basing his com
putation on the British official re
port to October 9, says the total
losses of the French, English, Rus
sians and Belgians have reached
There is substantial agreement
between these experts, and in the
absence of definite figures it Is
probably safe to fix the total at
700,000. No expert has estimated
R. HUSTON wants to elect
Mr. Booth, Dr. Withycombe
and Mr. McArthur.
Mr. McCamant wants tc
elect Mr. Booth, Dr. Withycombr
and Mr. McArthur.
Mr. Geer wants to elect Mr.
Booth, Dr. Withycombe and Mr.
There is not an old reactionary
war horse in Oregon 'but wants tc
elect Mr. Booth, Dr. Withycombe
and Mr. McArthur.
There' isn't an old general of
conventionism but Is pawing the
ground and shouting for the elec
tion of Mr. Booth, Dr. Withycombe
and Mr. McArthur.
Why not? Mr. Booth's vote in
the 6tate senate killed the original
direct primary. Mr. Booth's vote
in the senate was cast, not for the
people's choice, but against the
people's choice for senator. He is
the German and Austrian losses, a reactionary. He is Mr. Geer'e
but it is presumed that these two kind of politician and Mr.' Geer
r countries have suffered in propor
tion to the allies, if the kaiser
has 2,250.000 men in the two the
atres of war, it Is probable his
losses have reached 450,000. If
Austria's losses are only half that
number, the total would be 675,000.
" Exact figures are not necessary
to prove the terrible cost in men
which: Europe's conflict is exacting.
It is not proved but it is probable
that the six nations have lost ap
proximately 1,375,000 men killed,
wounded and missing.
How. long will the war last?
Will the losses In the next, period
of less than two months approxi
mate the losses already suffered?
It is estimated that almost 5,000,
OjOO men have been actually en
gaged in the conflict. At least as
many more are available, and
losses in the field wjll be supplied
from their ranks.
These estimates may be inac
curate; but they are not futile.
They. ;give .some Idea of the hu-
journeyed down to Arizona to tell
the Arizonans that the Oregon sys
tem is rotten.
Dr. Withypombe is a reactionary.
He says "this nation made a grea
mistake when it defeated that
great .statesman Tart." He calls
the Oregon, system "our new-fan
gled government" and charges it,
instead of the legislature, with thf
responsibility for high state taxes
He says the direct primary "costs
too much" and Bays we ought to
nave "an assembly to eliminate
candidates," and he joins an as
sembly movement every time he
gets a chance.
Mr. McArthur is a reactionary:
He was one of the brigadiers of
the 1913 legislative machine. He
championed a bill to make It a
crime for a legislator to agree to
vote for the people's choice for
Never were three candidates and
the campaign fugelmen more out
lot Uue with the real Republican
N CAMPAIGNING for Dr. Withy
combe his backers should spare
the Oregon Agricultural Col
lege. That Institution has al
ways been signally free from poll
tics. There should be no attempt
by former'students or anybody else
to crpitalize it now as a vote get
ter for any man.
No institution does more splen
did work.- Its great growth is
proof of its virtues. The last thing
in the world that any former stu
dent who has had the benefit of its
splendid training should do, is to
compromise the institution by a
state-wide movement to make the
college appear as a political asset
for anybody's candidacy.
THE CONGRESSIONAL FIGHT
"Have you called
on your neighbors
"No," the new
comer admitted. "I
haven't. But I'm
going to if any more of my wood is
Two Scotchmen met and exchanged
the small talk appropriate to the
hour. As they were parting to go
said to Jock:
"Jock, mon, I'll
go ye a roond on the
links in the morrn."
"The morrn?" Jock
"Aye mon, the
morrn," said Sandy.
"I'll go ye a roond on the links in the
"Aye; weel." said Jock, "I'll go ye.
But I had intended to get marriet in
; However, there are times when the
i so-called fatal gift of beauty looks as
j if it had been purchased at a bargain
When one lives near to nature one
has to be one's own janitor, but there
Culture has not yet discovered any
way of carrying the war into the
i ne troume . with manv or our
friends is that it is much easier for
IN EARLIER DYS.
By Fred Lockley.
The Pendleton post of the Spanish-
American War Veterans Is to be re
Mayor and Mrs. F. A. French. Of
The Dalles, are the parents of twin
sons, brn last Monday.
Klamath Falls' city hall will soon
be completed. The exterior is prac
tically tinished and worK on tne in
terior is being rushed.
The Condon Globe, in a spirit of
neighborly reciprocity, is boosting
vigorously the ballot measure that is
designed to give Arlington the loca
tion of a county high school.
Woodburn Independent: The tract
proposed for. the city park covers
nearly nine acres, making the price
only a little over $200 an acre. This
is certainly reasonable enough in price
and far below surrounding values.
Roseburg's council has decreed that
trainmen must dump no more hoboes
in the city, the penalty being $5 to $25
per hobo. Moreover, in future. i the
mayor says, it will take two hours of
hobo labor instead of one, to earn a
The Prairie City correspondent of
the Baker Herald, writes: "The 6pirit
of progress is taking hold in this
town; factional strife is rapidly pass
ing: old wounds are healing. Every
where is optimism. The council caught
the fever, ordered new cement side
walks and presto! Within a week not
a rotten board or for that matter, a
board of any kind or a nail or a knot
them to put on style than it Is to pay I hole could be seen on the whole
for It. I stretch of Main street."
Letters From the Peopla
about It, it makes my very soul cry
out. Why do people have no more
regard -for the truth than to publish
such things? MRS. L. E. HIATT.
WHAT ABOUT THE PHILIPPINES?
From the Detroit News.
What shall be done with the Phil
ippine islands? is now the question in
This government, havlng selzed them,
to punish Spain, assumed the responsi
bility of holding them until the prin
ciples of our government could be In
stilled into the people, and, as soon as
they would be" fitted for self govern
ment, to give them their Independence.
Immediately a misunderstanding oc
curred. The Filipinos maintained that
they were entitled to immediate inde
pendence and before any formal guar
antee could be given them they rose
Booth's Election a Calamity.
Portland. Oct. 2S. To the Editor of
The Journal After listening to the ln revot under Kmilio Agulnaldo and
speakers in the V est-Booth debate ana for many months put this government
carefully reading the newspaper re- j to mucu trouble and expense by main
ports, 1 am convinced that Mr. Booth's j taining an active insurrection through
election to the United States senate . out .v.. archlDelago
would be nothing 6hort of a national
To elect a timber baron to tha high
est legislative body at this time, when
Gradually they were subdued and a
stable colonial government was estab
lished. The policy of this government
(has been to admit intelligent and loyal
the direct election of senators is being ; Filipinos to participation in that gov
tested, would be to invite the criticism ' rmi.t OP tne purpose of assuring
of every enemy of popular government. tnem cf our ultimate intentions and at
Such blunder could result in iioth'.ns tn sarne time putting their most cap
better than having It said that the aWe representatives in positions where
people are incapable of selecting bet-,thpy couij re fitted for the responsl-
ter men man aiu me Dougaien leg- . bllitles of government.
Islatures of old.
Elect Mr. Booth, with or without 1
tie in return. Our commerce with the
Philippines has grown. It is true, but
it has made small advancement in
comparison with that of Cuba, to
which we gave independence, or with
Porto Rico and Hawaii, which are ter
ritories of the United States. The
population of the Philippines Is sev
eral times greater than the combined
population of the other Islands named.
(Communications sent to Tbe Journal for
publication in tUis department should l writ
ten on only one side of the paper, should not
exceed 300 words la length and must be ao-
vompanled Dr tbe name and actilre.-s oi me
sender. If the writer does not desire to
have Uie name published, be should so state.)
is dress suit of federal indictments.
nd the feudal press will forthwith
point to him as a sample of the peo
ple's judgment, and justify Lorimer,
Stephenson and Guggenheim by set-
ing out the fact that neither of these
was haled before the bar on a criminal
'Discussion is the greatest of all reform
ers. It rationalises everything it touches, n
robs principles of all falae sanctity and
throws them back on their reasonableness, n
they bare no reasonablentsa, it ruthlessly
crushes them out of existence and set up its
own conclusions In their stead. wooorow
cnarge Deiore their elevation to ine ...... j,,,--,.- haus- thev
senate. I, nrvinitatK rivil strifo
Therefore, if popular government is.. tv, fBiunris to revert to the
to survive, it becomes the duty of all which always baffled
: Snanlsh control.
On the other hand. aMe representa
tives of the Filipinos have petitioned
The Saloon and Town Boosting.
Hood River, Or., Oct. 23. Ti the
Editor of The Journal When I was
at Santa Ana, Cal., last winter, I saw
on a billboard near the depot an in
scription boosting for Santa Ana and
the country adjacent. It wound up by
saying "28 churches and no saloons."
While there I wrote the chamber of
commerce at San Jose for literature
descriptive of Santa. Clara county. The
literature gave a specific description of
every town in the county. In describ
ing towns that had saloons the saloon
was 'not mentioned, but where there
was no saloon it was always stated "no
saloons." Now if saloons are so essen
tial to good business and prosperity,
why do business men advertise in tkis
way? They mention the secret orders.
schools and churches, but never men
tion the saloon as a- drawing card.
When the boosters go out from Port
land, do they ever tell the people of
tne east or elsewhere how many
saloons there are' and what good
saloons, as an inducement to immi
grants? If not, why not?
Reasoning from this, we would con
clude that only undesirable citizens
will leave when the saloons go.
Suppose the Oddfellows were to de
cide to establish a state school. Would
they prefer a saloon town to one with
out a saloon? Would desirable citizens
or industries select a wet town in
preference to a dry one, other things
The wets make a great ado about
eastern speakers ln Oregon to help the
drys, but say nothing about the litera
ture sent out by the liquor publicity
bureau in the east, or of the many sup
plied by the eastern liquor interests,
They have much to say about blind
pigs in dry towns but are silent about
Cigarette Annie. But-they realize that
the saloon is doomed.
W. B. PRUETT.
to register disapproval of this high
handed attempt to seat a recognised
epresentative of predatory wealth in
that tribunal which has the last word
n legislating for all the people.
ROBERT G. DUNCAN.
for complete liberty, assured the gov
ernment at Washington that law and
order would be preserved. They ar-
i - IV. 1. ,11 ilntt, rf f Vita e-rtv-
Campaign Importations Discussed. rnment nas been fulfilled. The judg-
Aiawmnvute, ur., uct. 33. to tne m.n. nf the government at washing-
Editor of The Journal W. J. Bishop : ton must decide when the time has
OME say the congressional race
is between Mr. Flegel and Mr.
McArthur. Others say it is
between Mr. Flegel and Mr.
Lafferty. Few, if any, say it. is
between Mr. McArthur and Mr.
That is to say, practically all
agree that Mr. Flegel, on any reck
oning, Is the candidate to go to
by those anxious either to defeat
Mr. McArthur or Mr. Lafferty.
Nor can voters feel safer in a
choice than in selecting Mr, Flegel.
for he is good material for the
PANAMA CANAL TRAFFIC
ITTLE has been said about
traffic through the Panama
canal since the opening of that
waterway. Recently there was
announcement that a landslide had
blocked the canal, but - now the
fact is known that Colonel Goethals
had prepared for just such an
emergency. The landslide, while
spectacular, was not important.
Figures received at Washington
show, that despite the European
war's influence In driving many
The Anti-Prohibitionist Catechism
Vancouver, Wash., Oct. 23. To the
Editor of The Journal Regarding an
anti-prohibition advertisement which
recently appeared in The Journal, il
lustrated with a large cut, I have
something to say. The cut represented
a school room, with "Prohibition" as
teacher, tied in a chair and catechised
by a pupil representing himself as
"Oregon." Now if the questioner.
would just try as hard to find out
something in favor of prohibition as
against it he would have no need to
ask such questions.
Now, as for making claims which
we cannpt back, and never tell about
our falfures, I answer: We do ' not
make any claims which we cannot
back, . and we have no failures of
which we are ashamed. Now, as for
the states named as trying prohibi
tion lor so many years and then re
jecting it, if such was the case, it was
not for the evil prohibition was doing.
the homes it was wrecking and the
souls it was sending to perdition. .Out
of the states named as rejecting pro
hibition, I have the written testi
monials of the governors of nearly all
to the contrary. In the advertise
ment it is asked, "why are you trying
to make us adopt a law to make men
good?" I answer: Why do we have
laws to correct any evil, and especi
ally the liquor traffic? Simply be
cause we see Its terrible effects on
In regard to Tennessee, one of our
latest victories, trying in vain to float
$1,400,000 bonds, I ask, "Well, if you
think it was because it was dry, what
was - the matter witn Washington
when she fell down on $500,000 bonds
for the bridge?
Now. for that "model state," i Kan
sas. And I say "model" with 'pride,
for I was born within its borders and
spent there all my life except the
But one condition has delayed thft
bestowal of Independence, and that is
the racial and tribal and religious ri
valries that abound in the islands.
Men who have spent much time In the
islands and have formed acquaintance
with the different tribes and races
have counselled against a premature
It may be said that the islands h4v
been a frequent embarrassment to the
nation that owned them. The Portu
guese more than 800 years ago pro
tested that Spanish occupation of them
was an invasion of their East Indian
realm. Spain put an end to the dis
put by making conquest of Portugal
In 15S0. Then the Chinese rdrates be
gan to raid the Philippines. The Dutch
disputed possession and harassed
Spain. The Moro pirates made con
tinual trouble. When Spain was drawn
Into the seven years' war ln the hope
of recovering Gibraltar It was her 111
fortune to lose the Floridas to the
United States and Cuba and the Phil
ippines to English fleets. The Phil
ippines were restored to Spain by the
peace treaty. In 1841 the Ilocanos rose
in rebellion and insurrections from that
time became frequent.
s ever talking of imported agitators
and imported money on the dry side.
Did he ever look into the other side?
Will he tell us1 who is Mr. Eppstein, the
manager of the wet campaign? Is he
arrived, and the Filipinos are impa
tient of delay.
So far as yet appears, our posses
sion of the islands is represented by
the man who managed the recent that humorous definition: An Irish
Denver contest? Did he come to Ore- dividend. In other words, they have
gon to make his home, or only to i cost us dear In expenditures of blooa
tell the citizens to vote wet to save ; an(j treasure and have gained us iit-
the booze business.' is Lmma uold- i
man a citizen or Oregon, that she
should tell our people how to vote, j
and how to escape the infection inci-
Ian trt i tn in nr'i 1 livtTKr fiha at lauat i
Is not dry. Is it true that the Brew- ! Jonn .fl-
ers' association is furnishing two-I Fro . ,Becr5.taril ?he A,f, ll
thirds of the campaign fund? Is it can society lor inriu . -
,,i r,m1 t nnt u ,ietv I which did exactly what its writer
only ahat Portland shall continue to hop H would do-it int-ested me
send east $9,800,000 yearly for im- ""
ported booze? Are imported prohibi- will be Interested also .
tionists worse than imported brands ,. 'era?.B Z?Jl,JSJV Z
r ' v. ; -i . r r Ortnhr 1 a hom mak-
Om " - . . -
L ! . , . . I T7Akali
The uprising of 1896 continued until
the Spaniards were dispossessed by
the United States in 1898 and then,
finding thit they were not to have
immediate liberty, th- natives rose
against us with greater unanimity
I have Just returned from a trip by
auto through old Yamhill. 01 e of Ore
gon's pioneer counties. ThJi old Bay
iojr. used to be, "Old YamlBU agalriBt
the world." Whenever I through
Yamhill county, and tha'is quite
often,I always think of f : trevellng
evangelist, or- "camp meetrsg preach
er." as they called them In jthttee days,
who was conducting a revlvaf in one
of the smaller communities in Yam-.
hill county. After dwelling! upon the
glories of heaven and the 'Jiorrors of
hell, he asked all those w3o wished
to go to lieaven to rise. 1 rose but
a half dozen or so. He "1 see
some have not risen and apparently do '
not wish to go ' to heavenf -Will all
who are willing to go ,to fiiell pleas-3
rise. One or two of the un'egenerated
arose. Pointing to an old rjay hatred,
benevolent looking pioneer he said,
"I see you have not ni iseft; at either
Invitation. Where do you vant to go
to heaven or hell?" The ld pioneer
arose and said dlffldentiC "Neither.
Old Yamhill is good enotijfa for me."
As I rode through t hj; beautiful
rolling hills of old Yamhil l couldn't
find it In my' heart to blamg him much.
The road .winds about file base of
the low hills like a tawy. change
able silk ribbon or a bucfijkln thong.
To the right is the gentlajsiope dj a
hillside crowned by a grcjLip of wide
spreading and. stately oas. In ths
foreground against the vt5d green Of
the clover field are Home Cjuroc Jersey
Red hogs. Across the ro& is a herd
of fawn colored Jersey iheifera as
graceful and as beautiful its deer.
There is no sound but t!e Soft pur
ring of the engine as we'speed over
the winding road throughieverX chang
ing beauty. Here we pas a farmer
at work in his field turning- under
the yellow stubble and levying a dark
mourning band around f his golden
brown field. h
As we? reach the summit of one of
the rolling hills we paufS for a mo
ment. To the eastward Wount Hood
rises, spectral and beautiful. Its base
is hidden by clouds. Ij seems as
though the mountain wasrlsing front
a sea of clouds as Aphrodfe rose from
the milk-white foajn of tffie sea. Far
as the eye can see are fifds of clover
or newly plowed fields ihowing the
rich brown soil or the feplden brown
hue of last year's wheat fields, how
in the stubble. No need?., to turn to
the musty pages of history 'to read
of the field of the Cloth cMRGold where
ln bygone days the .Frht:h and the
English kings met. for herfc, mile after
mile, toward the far horsj6n, stretches
a field of gold intersiersed wit!,
squares of emerald grefc. On thjt ,
skyline Is the vivid gret4lof the sky-
pointing firs, while beloi. on the hill
side Is the green of th? apple trees
In the orchard with brjht tpots of
color scattered through; the green
where red cheeked Spift-nbergs are
mellowing in the Ootobefsunahine.
Nature is at rest. Al'sfr a summer
of growth and fruitioigi nature, has
paused before the tranle of winter.
With folded liands i-Uiu. jfi ts in the
than ever before and civil rule was i f loanlin8 af.ter tn heutilnd tres of
not established until July, 1902.
The total number 6f United States
troops sent to control the islands ap
proximated 128,000, and the estimated
cost of the war was $170,000,000. -In
addition to that cost we paid Spain
$20,000,000 for her public improve
ments. It cost a large amount of
money to settle the dispute" over the
friars' lands. The cost of policing
the islands has botn ln millions. To
sell the Islands to any other- power
would violate our pledge and compro
mise the national honor. To hold them
Is to Invite the Jealousy of Japan and
Incur the enmity of the natives. Ap
parently the best thing to be done is
to bring about a convention of tha
powers to guarantee Philippine Inde
pendence and then ttlrn over the gov
ernment to the pottle of the islands
under some such erms as were given
SUPPLY BUREAU FOR HOME-MAKERS
f . . j . . . . . . . . .. . 1 CIO KUUUljr I'Ui cnu v,.
uregun ireuuuncu wia.1. me ttiuemuueui. - r - in).n( lottpr
A "a , . . ... l. rVia1 nlun
nere to ex.pia.jii mat m . .vuua
ehould be placed on the ballet-
same citizens ,are furnishing the great
majority of all money used in the
conflict on the dry side. Hav'e they
not thd right? Or is personal liberty
only for those who wish to use it
to the detriment of others and for
their Qwn money gain?
The contest is imported men and
money against the citizens of Oregon;
but the chief importations, particular
ly of money, are on the side of the
wets. It Is the booze interests of the
nation against the citizens of Oregon.
Oregon wins: 332 X Yes.
M. C. SMITHSON.
Questions Regarding Liquor.
Portland, Oct. 26. To the Editor of
The Journal If it Is a good thing for
local merchants to have people order
wet goods- from foreign dealers, why.
wouldn't it be a better thing to pur
chase all merchandise from mail order
Jesus performed a miracle to sup
ply the demand for liquor. Can It be
Christian to prohibit a thing that
If prohibition is a good thing for
religion, why is it that 54 per cent of
the people in wet Rhode Island belong
to churches, while only 29 per cent of
the people in dry Kansas belong to
Mohammed, in the Koran, declares
that "wine is the abomination of the
work of Satan." Jesus performed a
miracle in order to supply the demand
for wine at the wedding feast. Mo
htatnmed was a prohibitionist; Jesus
was not. Do you stand with Moham
med or Christ?
If saloons are the prolific cause of
crime, how does it happen that dry
Memphis had. In 1912, 64 murders per
100,000 of the population, while wet
Chicago had only 9? How does it come
that saloonless Atlanta had 39 mur
ders per 100,000 of population, and wet
WOMAN'S LIBERAL LEAGUE.
Ursula Melster, President.
is the one used by the wonderruiiy
successful English co-operative so
ciety. "Nothing will be handled by the
bureau which is not tested and found
full weight and honest value.
"In the matter of household devices
a great amount of experimenting and
testing has already been done, and the
idea is to give the buyers not only
prices that don't feed a multitude "of
middlemen, but give them also the
benefit of testing, investigation, etc.,
which will reduce the loss in the junk
"The department of agriculture, par
ticularly O. H.. Benson's bureau, has
her summer's worK. Cagnl'y and resl-
fully she basks in the fttellow beauty
of the Imlian summer. gThlstle down
and milkweed seed drift ay toward un
known harbors. The shltfn and shim
mer of silver is seen wSijere the tiny
cables of the busy splfrr run from
weed to weed. The feru&l) are a gleam
with their filnt.y and fgossamer-like
lace work. Here on a iieddi'ning u
mach swtngs-.and sings iCrr.eadow lark,
pouring his heart out in.Jj'iuid melody.
Nature's annual miia(.:le'fs to be seen
on all sides, blie has trjajismuted, like
some alchemist or bSfie dayh; the
green of the sumach u9 maple into
gleaming gold or brill&nt crimson.
Moses saw the burning bush aflame
yet unconsunifd. HereS all overthe
hillside the miracle is produepiin
the burning flame-like g'tints of the
sumach. The maples aij! willows are
alike a brave compani of Scottish
Highlanders mustered 03k the htllsiU'v
j clad ln their plaids of rcl and yellow.
From a nearby field cAies the trl
dent call of a China pleasant and a
! moment later we - i-atclifa gllrnptt of
Its rnjE-tallie reds and Miuh and greens
as it risp.s in strong- an. giteady flight
Here and there half hidjpen and half
revealed among thi- tres is an old
fashio'ied house of southern type, the
home of some pioneer wjo came from
Virginia or Kentucky Mn the early
forties. There is a 'syell of cider
mingled with the balsRiatlc odor of
the evergreens; there iS a gleam of
yellow ln the fields w.fjich suggests
pumpkin pie and Thanksgiving plenty.
in tne Darn yard you set turkey sob-
been urging this bureau plan as a
means to handlei a great amount of
homecraft goods including vegetables,
fruits, etc., which the cities -need and
the country cannot now market.
"We expect to have exhibits from a
number of state fairs spilt baskets
of the mountains of Tennessee, the
home made cane.' syrup of Louisiana,
the canned tomatoes of many states,
"The bureau will be self sustaining
and help to Increase the thrift propa- j biers swelled up over feftcir own lm-
ganda." portance, unknowing tgat they will
T hAn ! fhlnnirn y neri ment will 1 mm trnrA t h n f f j t o3i -1 m famiiv
A . 1 V' , ' V. V . O " r ... - j . . . n .--V. ' ...... 0V . tu M J
succeed; If it does, as the secretary
told me before I received his letter,
the society will extend the work of the
bureau to other cities.
To curse the middleman whose
charges raise the- cost of a bushel of
potatoes from 75 cents on the farm to
gathering. As your eSe sweeps tha
broad acres of old Yamhf(t there come
to your mind VjJ. H-. L'radlebaugh's
"Nyeena Kloslie Illaheef his song of
the Good Country. It Isl. perfect pic
ture of the Willamette galley.
Bloom of apple and orffiard trees.
$2 when it gets into a city kitchen is! Scent of clover andfriifp of bees,
futile. He doesn t get ricn, ana ne is t,,j5u'."s o1- Aowg,,H pine.
performing a neqessary share of tha S ,7u'l a'la.cW'Bing vine,
Z. Ii,. J ..tt.l,,- nn r.,,o- TlnKlin. brook, by wlldfrose traced.
worK. ui . Kiver with balm and wlow laced.
nnrtoi- our svsiera. nnat t neeu m (it-Ai:. ,rii ri, ni
do is to find out about such plans, for
cutting distributing costs and then
give them our support!
Drinking Under Dry Conditions.
Portland, Oct. 23. To the Editor of
The Journal "Whiskey is a nuisance
and a curse and we'll vo.te. It out."
says W. P. Lawry, and he is. going to
do thisby supporting a bill that only pre
vents the manufacture of beer in Ore
gon and assails' the hop industry, at
the same time permitting the free im
portation and distribution of liquor
from other states. It Is well known
J that when men are forced to send
past seven years. X Know personally I away for liauor thev crenerallv nnr.
what prohibition has done, and wheri I (chase whiskey InsteadT of beer," and
read some oX the terrible things said I when they drink the liquor brought Is
. . .... . . '., y
in this manner they do eo under con
ditions that are much worse, both for
society and the individual, than is
drinking under the license system.
The man who, under present condi
tions, Is satisfied with a glass of beer
or wine with his.meals. If he must eat
in a public dining room, under prohi
bition cannot obtain what he desires,
therefore he -sends away for- a case,
and since he must keep it ln his room
nine times out of ten it will be a case
of whiskey. His friends drop in and
instead of a few glasses of beer or
wine aroupd a table with the meal, it
Is several drinks of whiskey, probably
on an empty stomach. The man who
will deny that this Is the net result
of such a law as- advocated by the
drys of Oregon has had mighty little
experience of either dry towns or
states, and the man who thinks this
condition is an improvement over the
Dresent method of handling liquor in
Oregon is unable to gather anything
from the experience of other states.
Will some prohibitionist explain why
they are to sure that whiskey pur
chafed in Oregon has a curse at
tached, and why making the purchase
in some other state takes off the
curse? It would seem .from the pend
ing amendment that the prohibition
ists only objected to the revenue de
rived from licenses and the jobs fur
nished men in Oregon breweries and
hopflelda, but didn't object to liquor
so long" as it was not made in Oregon
and did not pay a revenue to the com
munity. PAUL TURNER.
Same Old Game.
From the Medford Mail Tribune.
Some time since it was announced
that an operation had relieved the
Portland Oregonian of -Its vermiform
appendix, the Evening Telegram. There
has however, appearea imw to tun-
nothing to indicate that the Tele
gram's course Is not still -dictated by
the tall tower.
The sole change If change It may
be .is that the Telegram Is now out
openly for prohibition, instead of
sneaklngly for It, as formerly. It
seems to be the one subject that the
appendix has any convictions upon
other than to echo the Oregonlan's re
actionary clamor. Even this flop
arouses suspicion of sincerity as the
paper can thereby reach and influence
another class of people for the same
old machine program.
The Telegram poses for reform and
good government It 1s only a pose.
It has fought every effort for reform.
Tbe Telegram poses as a great mor
alist yet has done all ln its power to
thwart the efforts of those striving to
The Telegram pretends to be in favor
of law enforcement, yet It did what it
could to misrepresent -and belittle
Governor West's vigorous crusade for
TheTelegram pretends to favor the
closing of dives, yet it gave Governor
West no support in his clean up cam
paign. The Telegram pretends to favor
good government yet it has supported
every machine politician and political
crook who sought office and opposed
those who came with clean hands tnd
The Telegram, not to break Its.rec
erd for inconsistency. Is shouting for
prohibition and . supporting; Withy
combe, who is the saloon candidate,
and opposing Dr. Smith, who stands
for law enforcement
It is the same old hypocritical gams
the Oregonlaa.wet because the sa
loons agree to snport its candidate
and the Telegram dry to secure prohl-
bitioa votes for tbe saloon candidate
- V. ..
Fairest of lands that Gf3 has made.
Far as the gladdened tjve can see.
Meadow and brook and igbwerand tree;
Miles on miles of emergld sward.
Mountains that keep gternal guard;
Pillars of flame in thrinortilng sun.
r-oiniing a iraraaise io?j ana won;
Where sundown sleeps fM lth her ban
ners furled, -zi
An emerald gem in
thy ring of the
The Ragtime Muse
rm the oneration no changes in per
sonnel or policies, no Independence, the same old bunco game.
I. SURE SffiJT.
When Phyllis sought t ttch a man
She schemed with Anir Cupid;
But, for so keen an elf rib Dan,
lie acted rather tstuplSI
He tipped his shafts "with Phyllis
The victim's heart wi shaken.
But still, in spite of alUher wiles.
He was not wholly taken.
When Martha felt the gfiow subllms,
A man for winning suotted.
She left her cooking for a Urns
And so with jjupid pigtted.
With head a-Uit he weighed
Decided ttten to risk tt.
The arrow sped it gotjy.be man!
The'd tipped It with biscuit!
II. MORE ATROCITIES.
They're fighting over -fonder
To beat Tom Walker-is master;
Much energy they squrthder '
To drub each other paster.
So long as they are fighting
On their own territory
They send their foermsn kitine.
And soak themselves in glory.
But once outside their -borders
They find a peck vf -rouble;
With forward marching' orders
Their tribulations -dopWe.
For cunningly they've fglven
Such names to ail thjeir places, -
Pronouncing them has Srlrlven.
The foe to twisted t arses. - ;
- ? ' ;
Invaders so roust dally?
WThi)e officers pronorijes 'em! .
Then the defenders ra$ a
Once more, and rounry trounce m.