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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 3, 1911)
(Copyright. 1911, by The North American Company.)
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Tl rV (iIvAXDPA'S watch
M heavy and round,
And jjops with a "tick, tick,
And one little hand is awfully slow.
And one little hand is quick. J
It's a funny old watch, with a case of gold,
And winds with n little key;
And grandpapa pays when I'm big and old
He's poinpr to give it to me. L. B. L
f W TTARALD FAIR
jfXZ?V H HAIR was one of
King Kings 01 ssot
way. He became
the foremost kins
of Norway by rea
son of the great
power he exercised
In conquering all
the minor kings of
the realm and
making tthem his
He succeeded to
the throne, which
was only a small
one at that time,
When he was 10 years of age.
He grew strong and tall and became
a very wise and handsome man. He
was still very young when he fought
and vanquished Ave kings ori one field
Now, Harald loved a beautiful prin
cess called Gyda, and after this victory
he sent some of his men to request her
band In marriage, for he wished to
make her his queen.
But Princess Gyda was ambitious; Bhe
despised a petty king, wishing to marry
the man who should conquer the whole
of Norway. "Tell your king," said
she to the messenger, "that I agree to
become his wlfa when he shall have
conquered all Norway and mado him
self king of lier people."
In fear and trembling his followers
told Harald what Gyda had said, ex
pecting, of course, a great burst of
But Harald only looked thoughtful
and, pondering her worcla. wondered
why he had never thought of doing this
thing before. Then, standing up before
his nobles, he said:
"I make a solr-mn vow that never
Will I cut or roifib my hair until either
I have conquered Norway or died in the
unsuccessful attempt. So hear me. ye
gods of Valhalla."
JUST beyond the popular English
watering resort, Margate, a won
derful grotto was discovered tome
'Jew years ago.
The walls of the Inner chambers of
the t.AV are uet with thousands of ee;i
ahelle. Access Is gained to It from
the seashore, and its discovery was by
No one can tell whn carried the shells
"terns, or who the long-dead artist that
Worked out the arltatlc designs.
. It Is supposed to have len the tomb
of one of the old northern sea kings.
although some jnc4lne to the belief tliit
It' Is the work of the ancient Druids.
.The work ha been lard' ojt and exe
cuted with the most marycii us care,
snn me numwr is neauurui enougn
to he the pleasure room of a living
. tt3cx rx: en i
is y La. (.1
Of tip yiKINGS
lthout waste of time or words Har
ald" gathered about hint a great force
and prepared to conquer all the smaller
kings who ruled in Norway. In those
early days communication between the
little kingdoms was very interrupted,
and so It often happened that there was
no warning of the approach of Harald
and his devastating force, which Bwept
till before It.
Many fled the country, manning huge
ships and setting out on viking expedi
tions. Others made treaties of peac
with Trlnce Harald and became his
vassals. Over -every district Harald
placed an earl, whom he called a Jarl,
'whose duty it was to see that Justice
was done and that the "scat" on taxes
to which he was entitled werVcollected.
For tills service the Jarls received one
third of all funds collected. So they were
delighted to take service with Harald
Falrhulr. It took King Harald ten
years to conquer Norway, and in the
interval many bands of vikings were
formed and sailed forth over the seas,
refusing to become Harald's prey.
The expeditions went far west to Shet
land and the Hebrides, to England, Scot
land and Ireland.
Here they stayed safely during the
winder; but spring saw'thern headed for
the coast of Norway, where they
wrought much damage, growing daily
bolder. They ravaged Inland villages and
burned and plundered to their heart's
But the invincible Harald's iron hand
descended often and forcefully upon
them and was always' victorious. Har
ald had his wonderful yellow hahr
clipped and combed, in token that ho
had fulfilled his vow. Nr did he forget
Gyda, for love Of whom he had swore
Very gladly she came at his request to
marry the great king of all Norway.
Height and Weight
A MAN 5 feet 1 inch high should
weigh 120 pounds.
A map 5 feet 2 inches high
should weigh 126 pounds.
A man 5 fret :i inches high fihould
weigh. 133 jiotmis.
A man 5 feet 4 Inches high should
weigh lati pounds.
A man 5 feet 5 Inches high should
weigh, 112 pounds.
A man a ffet G inches high should
weigh 145 pounds.
A man H feet 7 Inches high should
weigh 148 pounds. i
A man 5 feet 8 Inches high should
weigh 155 pound).
A man 5 feet 9 inches high should
weigh ltij pounds.
. A man 5 feet lo Inches high should
weigh 16!) pounds. ,
AMONG the rugged Welsh mbun
talns the hat worn by the women
Is made of very coarse, strong
straw, with a very large hut rather
shallow crown and nhrrow brtm.
This Is found to bo the. most con
venient shape for carrying loads.
On top of the head is placed the torch,
which consists of a stocking Bluffed
with wool. This makes a kind of pad,
over which the hat Is fastened.
it is not an unusual thing for a
woman to walk five or six miles to
the nearest town, purchase groceries
or other necessities, load them on
her head and with her baby strapped
to her back walk up and down the
steep mountain paths, her hands all
the while .occupied with her endless
ONG. long ago
there dwelt in
Germany, In the
village of Sltten
dorf, a very poor
man who was
' called Peter
Now Peter was
a very worthy
man; but he dis
liked hard work
more than, any
thing else In the
"For a 1 1 the
treasure In the
world," he used to declare. "I would
not spend my life Indoors at a trade."
Now Peter was a good fellow and
well known for many miles around.
Hence (t came about that his neighbors,
knowing his fondness for an outdoor
life, hired him to watch their goats.
Every morning saw him driving the
herds up the side of Kyffhauser moun
tain; every evening the setting sun saw
him returning with his charges to Slt
ter.dorf. One morning Peter, as usual, drove
his goats up the mountain; but of a sud
den he paused, for he missed one of the
most valuable animals of the herd.
Peter threw up his hands and called
her loudly, but no sound arose from the
underbrush. He climbed the highest
peak and strained his eyes in search of
her, but not a glimpse rewarded his
Evening came on and the goatherd
, was In despair. How should he tell the
owner that he had lost one of the moet
Disconsolately he rounded up the herd,
when what was his surprise to observe
the lost nannygoat In the lead!
For many days the same thing hap
pened. In the morning the goat disap
peared, only to rejoin her fellows at
sunset and run with them back to Slt
tendorf. Peter Claus racked his brains to think
what the creature could do with her
self during the long day. Finally he de
cided to solve the mystery by not
taking his eyes from her the whole day
He watched very sharply, and he dis
covered that when the herd passed the
wall at the foot of a hill she very
quietly dropped behind It and away out "
of sight. Peter ran to the wall and ex-
amlned it closely. Finally he discov
ered a hofe, concealed by a hawthorn
bush, large enough for a goat or a
man to crawl through. Next day when
the goat repeated her disappearance
Peter slyly followed her on hands and
After hehad gone some distance he
found himself in a lofty cavern. The
sunlight streamed through holes In the
rock and made the place quite light.
At the further end Peter discovered
HISRK Is a very nmuslnjf and In
structive experiment which con
clusively proves that heated air
rises To construct one, take a piece
of cardtKjard and cut it In spiral form,
as In iiKure A. It may then bo painted
to represent a serptnt. Now prepare
a stand as at B, having a needle in
the upper end, and suspend the ser
pent -from its center on the needle,
when it "will assumo tho H position If
this be placed over a stove, or the tail
of the serpent be suspended by a piece
of thread over a lamp, the heated air
ascending through it will cause it to
revolve in a very laughable manner.
Two of these serpents may be made to
turn in opposite directions-by pulling
one out from one, side and the other
in the reverse dlrectlifu so that their
heads will 'point toward each other
the goat eating some oats, which' fell in
a thin but tedy stream, from above.
Peter could not reason out'1 where the
oats came from. As he approached he
was startled to hear the stamping of
heavy feet overhead.
"Aha!" quoth Peter. "There Is a
stable overhead. But how is it that I
have not seen it, before this? On these
hills there is not a single bouse." He
' stood wrapped In thought, when sud
denly a small door In the side of the
cavern opened and admitted a queer
little old man, with an enormous head
and big eyes.
"Good-day to you," stammered Peter.
The little old. man made no answer,
but beckoned to the frightened goatherd
to follow him. A little frightened. Peter
obeyed, following his guide up a long
flight of steps,' until the welcome sun
light fell like a benediction on his head
and his feet trod the soft green grass.
' Looking about, he saw that he was lh
a square courtyard surrounded by trees
and hedged in by a stone wall.
The queer little man led him through
another cavern and out upon a green
lawn, which was fenced in upon all
sides by rocky cliffs.
At one end of the lawn were twelve
old knights like himself playing at
Peter paused In amazement, for they
were clad in long hose and wore quaint
gold-buckled shoes. Their long white
hair fell almost to their bent ' little
knees. Not one of them spoke to Peter,
but the guide motioned him to pick up
the fallen ninepins and return the
bowls to the planters.
Thoroughly frightened. Peter Jumped
about nimbly to serve the knights as be
was bidden. He noticed that the bowls
rolling over the lawn sounded like
thunder. By and by, however, he ceased
to be so frightened and began to take
his time and do about as he pleased.
On a table there was a pitcher of
PROBABLY Jhe most curloun little
cart In the world was presented to
the queen of Holland by Prince
Pokoe Alane VII, sovereign of one of
the East Indian states. It Is for the use
of the little Princess Juliana, and is the
most costly child's cart In existence.
The body Is in the shape of a garoedo
a rnvsterlous bird which Is sacred to the
Hindu religion. The entire cart Is en
tirely hand carved and most artistic.
In a Half Century
ALL-these things took place with
in a short space of fifty years:
The Spanish-American war and
the establishment of the Cuban re
The discovery of the Roentgen .rays.
The -discovery of the sources of the
Nile and the Niger and the explora
tion 'of interior Africa.
Rise- and fall of Napoleon HI and
the establishment of the present French
The unification of Germany and the
The civil war and the abolition of
slavery in the United States.
The extension of the Russian pow
ers over Central Asia.
The establishment of ocean steam
' Tho discovery of the electric tele
graph. The discovery of the telephone.
The laying of the, huge ocean
The discovery of modern phetog-ranhjr.
wine and twelve golden goblets. He was
very thirsty and, running up, he drank
a long draught from the pitcher. His
head grew heavy. Very gently be fell
over on the grass and went to sleep.
When Peter Claus awoke he found
'that he was lying on the grass where
he had often fed. his goats. Everything
was ' familiar, yet strange. The trees
and bushes looked many times larger
than those which he remembered and
there were many new ones.
Staring up, he called his goats, but
they were nowhere In sight. Alarmed,
he set out to seek them, but the well
known paths were covered with grass.
His legs were stiff and he stumbled
awkwardly over everything.
By and by he cams to the spot
whence he could see the village spread
out before him. He breathed a sigh
This, at least, was not changed or
strange. Before he got to the village he
met many people, but not one of them
did he recognize. They looked so
strangely at him that he hurried along
faster than ever.
He put his hand to his chin and found
that he had a beard a foot long.
By and by he came to his own house.
But what a change! It was absolutely
He called loudly to his wife and chil
dren, but not a sound answered him
save the echo of his own voice.
Soon a motley crowd had gathered
about him. Jeering and laughing.
"Where is Kurt Steffen. the black
smith?" queried Peter.
An old woman cried out that he had
gone to the war when she was a bloom
"And where is Valentine Meyer?"
Lying in a house he will never leave,"
cried a toothless crone.
Dimly Peter remembered the faces of
both. Tney had been young and hand
some women when last he had seen
them. Down the street tripped a pretty
young. matron who strongly resembled
Peter's own wife.
"Where Is Peter Claus, the goatherd?"
"My father" asked the matron. "He
was lost twenty years agone on the
mountains when I was but 4 years old."
"I am yeur father!" cried Peter. "I
am the lost Peter Claus."
"Welcome home!" cried his daugh
ter, and "Welcome home!" cried the
Soon the old men and women were
gathered about Peter talking of all that
had transpired since he had left them
twenty years before.
"How.tlme Mies!" they cried. "But
you are welcome, neighbor welcome
home after twenty years."
IN A small retort plate an ounce of
very' strong liquor .of potash, that
, Is, pure potash dissolved in water,
together with a dram of phosphorus.
Allow the neck or beak of the" retort
to dip into a saucer of water, which is
perhaps half an Inch deep.
Now gently " heat the liquid In the
retort with a spirit lamp until it boils.
In a short space of time the retort
will be filled with a white cloud, when
the gas generated will' begin to bubble
at the end of the saucer. A minute
more and each bubble as it issues from
the boiling fluid will epontaneoualy take
fire as It comes into the air, forming,
the -philosopher's ring of phosphoric
acid. Great care should be exercised In
the handling of phosphorus but, then,
care should be exercised, in conducting
all chemical experiments, however
HE " ragged , man
who left the tav
ern looked fear
fully to right and
' left before he
turned again ,to
the open road.
weak he was, for
be had not tasted
food for a long
At the very
least, he must
cover thirty miles
before he could
possibly feel safe.'
As he swung out, he thought of the
reward of fifty guinea for the capture
of the Yankee spy. whom he knew to
Robert Hart was returning frorn Can
ada with valuable Information for his
superior officers, and was more than
surprised to learn that his mission was
known and a price set upon his head.
Suddenly the thundering of a horse's
hoofs broke the stillness.
Hart's mind worked quickly. He
knew well that shelter was far away,
and so, putting up a bold front," he
trudged doggedly along in the open.
The rider of the horse studied his
face keenly as he passed; but the trem
bling man only looked up with a cur
sory glance. Evidently satisfied, the
horseman did not speak, and in a few
minutes had left the fugitive far behind.
Hart pulled himself together with a
little sigh of relief and looked about
him. He was on the edge of a clear
ing. In the center of this stood a log
house, while behind it loomed two
barns. All, about brushwood was piled
While be stood making up his mind as
to what to do, he caught the sound of
an approaching party on horseback.
Like a flash Hart thought of the man
whom he had lately passed. .
More than likely it was he, returning
with help to search for the spy. Grim
ly thinking of the reward. Hart looked
about for a place of concealment. The
stumps were too low to be safe. (
Swiftly he tore apart a heap of brush
snd hastily covered himself Just as the
searching party appeared.
A dog made tracks Immediately for
the brush pile, barking furiously. The
heart of the concealed man leaped into
his throat; but the party, evidently
thinking that he had merely started a
woodchuck, paid not the slightest heed,
but passed on, conversing eagerly.
When the men were safely past. Hart
drew his hunting knife and as quietly
as possible plunged it into the ani
He .watched the' men Intently. First
they made the horses fast In the barn,
then returning entered the log house.
Hart sank down again in his hiding
place with a curiously faint feeling. His
empty stomach revolved and the world
seemed turning round and round in
An hour's wait forced upon the fam
ished man the knowledge that he must
have food and that quickly. Through
the narrow windows the conversation of
the men floated out to him distinctly and
from Its general trend he knew that
they were about to set out again In the
endeavor to catch him. Again and again
he heard his name, and mention made
of the fifty guineas reward offered for
Hart now realised that he could no
longer stay where he was with safety.
The barn seemed the only solution to
his problem. Slowly and painfully he
dragged himself in Its direction. At last
he managed to open the heavy door. The
fastened horses whinnied a welcome,
but the man knew he could not stay
hero. Above him was the crude hay
loft. Up the rickety wooden ladder
which led to the "top he dragged him
self, though every step was torture,
and had Just succeeded in covering
himself with hay when the men ap
peared on the scene.
Seizing the horses, they were quickly
out of sight. In an exhausted condi
tion Hart lay, suffering untold agonies
for an hour; then his mind was quick
ly made up. '
As swiftly as possible he descended
the ladder. Then on hands and knees
began his painful Journey toward the
log house. After an eternity of ef
fort he pulled himself to the kitchen
door and rapped. Presently a woman
IN EGYPT certain portions' Of , the
camel are : regarded as great deli
cacies. In Arabia the horse Is considered
very fine article of food.
, The folk In Cochin China greatly pre
fer rotten eggs to those which are
In India the flesh of the elephant Is a
favorite article of food. ,
Borne South Americana eat lizards,
serpents and centipedes. ''
The Chinese like cats, rats, dogs and
.serpents; bears' paws and birds' nests
appeared on the threshold. The face
whloh the turned to the famished man
,was kindly, and in stammering, halting
words Hart told her ill, begging her
for the take Of his wife and daughter
, at home to help and succor him.
Without ruU of time or words Dame
Howard assisted the famished man to
enter. With deft hands she prepared
some gruel and made him eat It
When be had satisfied his hunger, she
made him lie down in the spare bed
for a good nap.
Slumber had just claimed him when
he felt the hand of the good woman
shaking him with the energy of despera
tion. "There is not a moment to be lost,"
she cried, "My husband and his party
are returning. Here," she added, pull
ing open the door of a good-sized closet
in one end of the room, "get in here
quickly, and be quiet, for your lsfe!"
Hart concealed himself among the
haqglng garments as best he could.
Soon the stamping of feet was heard,
and he knew that the men were in the
He could hear -the woman's low-toned
questions and the loud voices of the
men. "Yes, we're going to set out
again, Honora." said Howsrd. "I Just
returned for my powder horn. It is in
"Let me get it for you," said his wife.
But the man laughed, and thrusting
her playfully aside entered the closet.
Lower crouched the concealed man, the
beating of his heart sounding In his
terrified ears as the pounding of the
surf on a beach. Howard groped from
one hook to another, but failed to find
With a scornful ejaculation, his wife
. pushed him out of the way, and laying
an accustomed band on the right book,
brought out the horn and shut the door
. quickly behind her.
The party, laughing and confident of
success, started away again. When
they were fairly away Dame Howard
returned to the closet.
"You have escaped this time by a
miracle," breathed she. "You will never
do ame to ao it again, nowever.
"I have a plan. Out beybnd the clear
ing there Is an unused woodshed.
You shall go there, and I will feed you
daily until you have waxsd strong
enough to go on your way. Come at
once, for the i return of the party may
be at any minute."
With strong, tender hands the woman
assisted Hart to the place of refuge,
and, true to her word, nursed him care
fully. for five long days, until he had re
covered his strength. At the end of
the fifth day he left the home of good
Dame. Howard. His voice choked with
the words he could not say; his heart
raised up in thankfulness for the good
ness of the noble woman who had been
his tender nunse. All night he traveled
with renewed strength, and the dawn
found him safely within his own lines.
A short time afterward Dame Howard,
to the utter mystification of her bus
band, received a bag containing fifty
guineas and not containing the nam
of the sender. "
And particular favor with them.
There is a large 'caterpillar found In '
the West Indies on palm trees which
Is considered a great dainty. '
The nests of Java swallows are so
rare a luxury that a dish of them would
cost around $75 in our money.
. In many parts of the earth a curious
taste prevails for clay.- Women on the
Magdaleha river while shaping their
earthen vessels frequently put lumps of
the clay Into their mouths and consume
It with relish.
In Sweden and in Finland the natives
consume targe quantities of bread whica
is made of a kind of earth.