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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
OF THE dODENALi
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lttAULV AND BUNDA. , '
a jeer...,. ...S7.60 KOse moath... I -SS
' Ho '.; that" does good for :
good" sake - seeks - neither
praise nor reward, though
sure of both at 'last.e Wnv :
VAST IMPORTANCE OF CELILO
. CANAL; T- r.-
SPEAKING OP the Colilo canal
project,,. Senator . Jonathan
Bourne says: ' "I look, upon
"this work aa one of the moat
Important federal projects ' on the
Pacific coast." James J. Hfll, prob
ublf' the greatest authority In the
world in railroad science and prob
lems, says It will take an expendi
ture of l,aj0, 0000, 000 before the
railroads can properly handle the
traffic of this country. The same
authority, writing to the late rivers
and harbors congress, declared that
It Is Impossible for the railroads of
the Country to handle the traffic and
that it is important "that the water
ways be developed so as to supple
ment the railroads by carrying the
heavy freight. The car builders of
the United States confess that they
are two years' behind with orders,
ad clamorous shippers bear; testi
mony to the lotal Inadequacy of th
present car supply. The : beat ob
tainable estimates insist that the soli
production of , the country is two
fifths short of its ultimate possibility-and
tho statement- now here holds
true with ' such . unquestioned cer
tainty as in the empire drained by
the Columbia river. . ; , , ,
The inevitable logic Is that It is
utterly hopeless' to expect within a
period of years through . the rail
roads 'such relief from present con
gested conditions as will afford ade
quate movement of traffic and proper
opportunity for ', development. In
such an emergency the obvious al
ternative Is. to turn to some plan
by which a modicum of relief may be
promised. It is In such a juncture
. and under such strained and, stren
uous conditions that the plan for Im
mediate opening of the Columbia
river is proposed. There the - re
moval of a single Important obstruc
tion will open up a waterway that is
capable of carrying every pound of
traffic in and out of the northwest
east of the Cascade range, compris
ing the principal parts of three great
states. ' Once . developed, , it would
relieve the railroad iof an enormous
volume of local traffic and set free
thousands of cars for relief of the
car-stringency. Leaving out of the
question the regulation of rates that
water transportation Invariably ex
erts, the Celilo project assumes an
Importance extraordinary by reason
of the unusual possibilities accom
panying the project 'and. the nn
- paralleled revolution in traffic it
- By reason of the wide extent of
the region served, the Columbia sys
tem is the second in importance In
the whole country, being exceeded
by the Mississippi alone, and Senator
Bourne may well say, '"I regard this
work as one of the most: important
federal vc projects on the Pacific
coast." t It is a project of the first
magnitude : and if congress would
peck to afford relief to a great re
gion let It place the .Celilo project
en a continuing contract so comple
tion may be hastened and the work
be far more economically accom
plished.!. " '
OREGON'S GREAT NEEDS.
' ITH open rivers and more
railroads, ' how Oregon
; r'wold'growl With the Co
lumbia . and Willamette
rivers fully open and free and with
the thousand miles or so of addi
tional railroads that Oregon ought
to have bad by this time, we would
foe people coming here and becom
ing investors and producers not by
hundreds, but by thousands, not by
thousands, but by tens of thousand.
If these things could bo done within
the next three years, within six
years Oregon would have 1,600,000
people and Portlsnd 3 5 0,0 00 ---per-baps
In each rase more. . . "
We can't afford to wait and let
tV.irig drift along as tboy have be?n
doing fur . the just 2b jours. Some
p ux) work hits been' done, we adroit,
lr former congressmen and
other prominent Oregonlans, bat
we ..must work even harder : and
more tealously now.. Our delegation
in congress io larger than It has
been for the past 16 years, and only
one more than it has been for nearly
S (Tyearsr ouFOregon has more peo
ple and wealth, and should and must
nse more power at the national cap
ital for the opening of these rivers
at the earliest possible date. ' And
we think that some large, vigorous,
epochal movement must be taken in
the near future with regard to
heeded railroads. ;, s
, What a Estate is here for 'mil
lions!' What resources, advantages,
opportunltlen--for millions! Many
indeed, are coming; .' nay, but few,
compared, to those who would1 come
If we had open rivers and more rail
roads." To get' these the people of
Oregon? united is one man, should
ben overy, energy! :".' .', . ? ,f
STREET IMPROVEMENT; '
FIRST AND LAST, the people of
, millions of dollars, mostly un
der compulsion, always under
deception, for worthless or, . poor
street paying. This has happened
whatever . material was . used as
phalt, wood blocks', brick or what
not. Experience Is truly said to be
a costly teacher, but it would seem
that in the matter of street Improve
ment Portland's tuition to the high
priced old school ma'am should be
about paid.'- , " - . '
This city must have a great .deal
of street improvement of one kind
or another . done In the near fu
ture, more and more of It, and It Is
of great importance that it be done
right and at , reasonable cost.. It is
freely hinted that there Is a combine
that attempts to limit the .supply and
that raises the price of rock suitable
for street surfacing; and the mayor
declares that a good deal of the ma
terial being used will soon disintegrate-
JsTow Itt is the business ofthe
council and other city authorities to
look sharply and comprehensively
into , this . business. Rather than
pay- a-exorWtnt-prle for-enltable
rock, the city should buy its own
rock. And the utmost care should
be taken that only fit materials are
used. Somebody that can be trusted
ought to. know what such materials
are, after allthese years of costly
experimentation. !.; 7" ' v iT ;
This street business Is one of im
mense . Importance. Hundreds of
miles of streets must be improved,
and there should be diligent, system
atic effort to have this work carried
on much faster than it has been done
heretofore. For this purposermore
money must be provided next year.
And contractors and property owners
must be. Impressed with the. neces
sity of going forward with this work
on a larger scale. -But along with
this , the problem of good material
at reasonable prices must be kept In
view. f" ''. ' ;' ;'-" -
We ought to be ready to graduate
from the school of experience by
this time. . If not, let us Import a
high-salaried guardian and give him
full authority to make streets for us
OKLAHOMA COMES IN.
WITH reluctance, according to
. reports, i the - president has
decided to let Oklahoma
:;- Jn.' ' He. saw that he had
no V good ground except a purely
partisan one for rejecting . the new
state constitution, and to his credit
he refused to yield to partisan pres
sure, as a weaker and less conscien
tious man would have done. - So
Oklahoma will come in, and in some
respects it has more claims for state
hood than any ' territory ever ad
mitted. M!' . , ',',.''
It has been 11 years since the
last state, Utah, was admitted. Only
two territories contiguous to the Pa
cific coast, Arizona and New Mexico,
remain. These, united or sepa
rately, will be. admitted in a few
years, and probably Alaska also,
and then the complement of stars
will be full.
The ' recent history of Oklahoma
reads like a romance. Eighteen
years ago a fewi thousand Indians,
and associated mixed-bloods, were
Its only Inhabitants. AH the west
efn part of the territory was a hunt
ing ground. The government, bough)
from them 3,000,000 acres, and in
April, 188, it was thrown open to
settlement. One spring morning it
was an unpeopled plain. That night
It was the home of 60,000 people.
In one day Guthrie Increased Its
population from nobody to 16,006,
the greatest percentage of lncrene
on record. '-.,''.:".';'
. The soli Is rich for wheat, cot
ton and; other products. Barring
an occasional cyclone, the climate Is
fslr. The population has grows to
1,500.000. and Is composed of as
Intelligent and progressive a lot of
people as comprise any American
commonwealth. Less than five per
cent are Illiterate. The Indiana are
rolling In weafth. Oklahoma City
has over 80,000 Inhabitants. There
are over COO banks. The territory
U many times over better off as to
railroads than Oregon. Oklahoma
has a population seven times greater
than the -most" populous - territory
ever admitted before. And Its ad
mission has been delayed for a
dosen years, solely on account of
partisan politics, because its people
refused to become Republican an
Instance of the . gross and out
rageous injustice of partisan' poli
tics, v - ;
The constitution has been de
nounced as radical, but it la Just
about what the 'misgoverned people
of other states are striving, for the
most part vainly, to get in the form
of statutes. . The Jim Crow car pro
vision, on the president's objection,
was eliminated. Some other "radi
cal," clauses were stricken out to
plfrnaq tho mtrntnlRtrsMnn Th pn'ty
pie . down there know about what
they want none In ' the country
know better and' notwithstanding
Secretary Taft's plea for the defeat
of the constitution, It was adopted
by a vote of about three to one.
" The president Is to be congratu
lated on letting in this splendid new
state, one of the brightest stars in
the galaxy of the union, and Okla
homa is to be congratulated on
coming in with probably, for these
times, as Mr. Bryan has said, the
best constitution of any state in the
union." ' "' '' i "
! THE LAST RECOURSE. .
THE Prinevllle Review says: .
Ths city will subscribe $150.
- 400' to stock ' In. a syndicate
formed to' build an electric line
.from sorae outelde jpolnt either
Detroit or 6hanlko that will serve
Prinevllle. ths Asency .Plains coun
try, the Deschutes Irrigation aV Power
company's sesresatkin. Bedmontl and
Bend. Bo much ' has been ' learned
In an interview with some of our
leading dtlsena; and we want to find
put. .how much money tb outlylns
districts, and even otherVounfles, would
be wlllinc to Invest li -suob an eater
prise. In view of Mr. ' Harrlman's In
dlfferencs to our future, the Review
thinks it would, be only a meaaure of
prudence to 'form, such a corporation
pone of promoting settlement of cen
tral Oregon. . In order to be free from
the dictates of Wall street, instead of
floating bond,, we must raise ths funds
within the Borders of our' own state,
and Incur aov rnore than trifling Indebi-
We expect to hear or read of
good deal of this kind of talk dur
ing the next year. , Prinevllle is a
comparatively small town, and if It
can raise $150,000 for a railroad
outlet, how much, under a system
atic, organized plan, could be raised
In Oregon, in stock, for railroads
that would break the shackles of the
Harrlroan tyranny? : "
At least various towns and well
settled adjacent or contiguous dis
tricts can build or secure the build
ing of electric lines, and these will
help a good deal. Development talk
is very well, but in Oregon's predic
ament under the Harriman regime
Oregon people must make their
money talk. A few million dollars
of Oregon money building railroads
would make Harriman "stop, look
The Pendleton Tribune, whose
editor is Hon, T. T. Oeer, says that
it "believes in taking a popular vote
for United States . senator and at
least requiring the legislature to
select that man who has been
chosen by the party that controls
that body." Then Mr. Geer does not
believe in the election of senators
by the people. The same people
that choose a legislature of one
party might possibly, ori some occa
sion, for. reasons that seemed good
to them, choose a senator of another
party. But Mr. Oeer would not al
low .them to do this. The Journal
believes In obeying the people fully.
What sort of a new system of
municipal legislation Is this tbat a
man may violate an ordinance until
his case is passed upon , by the su
preme court? . Or If , this Is not a
piece of policy, bnt an exception,
why the exception? Is one man or
firm to have privileges, prohibited
by ordinance, not to te granted to
anybody else? . And on what ground
U such, action to be defended? - . ,
. The trick attempted to be played
on Mayor Lane Is one of the most
curious and mysterious episodes! of
local criminal annals. It could only
have been planned and carried out
by a foolish, If not an actually In
sane person, as the mayor has no
sensible enemies who would 'Sup
pose that the apparent object Could
be attained. " " .
. It has been demonstrated as fully
as Is possible that the Marlon county
peaches shipped over into Washing
ton and condemned by the horticul
tural commissioner of that state as
being affected -with San Jose scale
were In fsot trtin from that pest and
In fact pot i?f?easod'at all. Jt Is
now up to that official to apologise
for his unwarranted action, and ac
knowledge that he was prompted by
malicious enmity to Oregon. Be
sides, lie ought to pay 'damages, to
the shipper. -
' Multnomah county Is going to
have, a fair, too, and so show tbat
Portland Isnt the whole of It, by a
whole lot of good things. .
But if Roosevelt runs, Oklahoma
might -very likely go for him.
Letters From the People
'! ' Novel, at Least. .
Portland, Sept. 2d. To the Editor of
The Journal In answer to .the challenge
In yesterday's Journal, Id regard to the
earth being a shell, the Interior being
peopled and having sun, tnoon and stars.
I wish to say that Mr. Linn ia all wrong
and in opposition I place a theory that
to Viy knowledge has never been written!
upon. It . is very absurd to. uuna mat
there ia a universe within the earth. (
1. Because there la not adequate
2. The alight Inclination of the earth
to Its orbit wiir not permit the sun to
shins In at the alleged holes at the
polos and replenish the mythical in
terior sun. - - .
5. Should there be such a sun It
would atied perpetual light on the whole
Interior and why have a moon and
stars? According to scientists perpetual
light would destroy life.
4. It would Je. contrary to ths laws
6. That the aurora borealls Is reflec
tion from the interior aun Is a flimsy
theory. What doea It reflect upon? Bet
ter the old theory.
The theory I advance la that the
known world la connected to a world
at the north pola and possibly to one
at the south pole, by a neck, aa you have
seen potatoes grow. These two or three
worlds may oe me enuai in sise or inj
may differ. Astronomers say that the
planets are not all spherical, but vary
In anapei therefore, it Is permissible
that the -(earth resembles three bulbs.
connected by tifro nec-ka. The great dis
tance the aun la rrom tne Known worn
makes it possible that the north and
south worlds have the benefit of our
un, moon and stars. Thua these worlds
have aeasons and night and day much
aa we have.
Artie explorers eeera to agree mat
wild fowl are seen flying northward be
yond the realm of man on the known
world. Why Is It not possible that
thy fly across the neck to the north or
smith world? Or that fish find warm
currents that enahla them to paaa the
Arctics? The north world may be tne
larger or thereaway be wo south world
hence the attraction of the mugnetlo
needle. -rv- J. O. JOBSTAD. -
. On tne Sicle
Candidate Fairbanks may be going to
California becauaa the Pacifle offera
greater slope than a Yellowstone lake
for pulling out waitresses. , . , . -
A StrmVAT CONSTRUCTION
Ralnry for-A. Belmont. . f -
(Subscription by A. Belmont
to. A; Belmont'S Xlvlc Feder- ....
Champagne . for A. Belmont's ,
Yacht for A.' Belmont ...... .
Automobiles ror A. weimont..
Rllk pajamas for A. Belmont."
Dog biscuit for A. Belmont's
Gifts to' charities by A. Bel
Christmas presents by A.
Kelmonl to A. jooimoni a
Sundries for A. Belmont. ... .
Building A. weimoms suDway
lor A. i)fi"noni
Bnttn t sinking Into the sea. There
will be a scurrying among the mer
maids, who don t care for either beans
or-culture. . . .
THE DICTIONARY OV MISINFORM A-
ROIT. MOTOR An uncomfortable
little craft which takea you to sea at It
miles an hour and then breaks oown.
BOAT, RAIL A mysterious craft
vhlph nnaaaanes the Dower of becoming
becalmed off shore In any kind of
weather ' "
PAVfT The noet's friend when he
can't think of anything to write about.
let the winged Fancy roam.
Topics never grow at home.
. Here wa are on India's strand,
Ikm't the tigers beat the band! -Or
on Afric s tawny breast.
Watching dragona on their nest,
Switching then to old Bagdad
Pultans carrying on like mad.
Youngsters getting wrlter'e cramp
From rubbing on magic lamp;
Plica of gold and perka of pearla,
H lave and spices, "like and girls.
v f'heeae it. then, and off ws go
Where the hooded glaciers flow;
Tamping In a crystal cavern.
Bowsing In the Ice King s tavern,
While outside the Northern Lights
Oleum across the froaen Alghta.
Then, with Charon at th helm,
Ferry it to Ploto'a realm, -Where
we the poet's shade
Swinging picks or shoving spades,
paying, all the awlnking crew,
For the work they didn't do ' -
-When they had a chance on earth. -Fanny
loses all her mirth, -r- ; -Loses
all desire to roam.
And, dejected, hobbles home.
, . , John Beets.
a , a
' FINK, a. Flossy, knobby."
(; (Ironical Blooming awful.
The w-water"s f-f-flne. Trembling
Bather. . .
(2) Young man who has Juat fallen
In a mud puddle: 'Well. I guess that's
FINE, s A theoretical sum of money
thr.nrtirnllv tin Id hv a corporation theo
retically punished . for a . practical of
fense.. , . ,
INK A liquid which causes a letter
writer trouble if It gets It on his hands
and more trouble if it gets In his letter.
Every time I tnina - - ...... ..
' I cuss the name of Ink. . ,
, I wrote a girl screed
In Ink and my heart's bleed, ,
!. Told bar 'I'd end my Ufa I
Unless she'd be my wife,.
Oh, who Invented ink!
Yes. married what . d'ys think. A
benedict's plaint.. . , .
INSTALLMENT, MONTHLY A pay
ment that seems to come around every
week. ....( . V, ..
As th conservatives feared, the fin
ing of John I. Rockefeller, who says
that in such things he la "n mere child,'
has Inflamed the public mind. A Pitts
burg man swore nut a warrant for a
2-year-old baby and had It brought Into
court on a charge of destroying bla
r Ever seen a habv laugh?
Dimpling face and sparkling eyes, -.
Cooing, mooing like a calf.
Comic, Inarticulate cries. . '
Mnkes you churkle some yon reel f
With the little Iuahlng F.yes, ,
, All because thn gooriing elf
la so different when she cries! .
i : i .I i . ii . I, i ,
'j ... OfVfacnlnr, '
From the New York Times.
' The fello t who Is stuck on himself
is stuck en an tnaUrlnountabla obstacle.
OUR FUTURES ARE MOULDED BY
By Professor Emil Reich.
1 Whether it be true or not, that be
alona Is the perfect man who unites In
him both virile and feminine traits.' it
Is certain that the deep and all prevail
ing lnfluend of a mother haa at all
tlmea shaped, or helped to shapa, the
destinies of Individuals. .
The Influence of women, .which has
always been exceedingly great in all the
spheres of publlo or private life. Is
supreme In the home, or at any rate It
ought' to be. . .
The entire mental and emotlonar ma
chinery of women la very markedly dif
ferent from that of men, and It Is pre
cisely the peculiar Intellect of women
which,- when duly transmitted to a
young man will enable him to do remarkable-things.
. It has long sines been 'noticed that
men are far inorejlkely to Inherit their
gifts of Intellect from their mothers.
The philosopher , Schopenhauer even
maintains that thla ia the reason why
women do not care for intellectual men.
For. he says, since the child la sure to
Inherit Its Intellect from the mother, the
latter, Instinctively does not trouble
; fc? u t in teller Lin. m sn. s ndonly,t ca res
for such bodily and other features as
will be transmitted from ths father, and
not from the mother, to the child.
Perhapa Schopenhauer was mistaken,
and It may be commonly observed that
children inherit more Intellectual and
moral features from aide-relatives, such
aa aunts and uncles), than directly from
the parents. Yet It cannot be over
looked that the Influence of the mother
from the first day to the ninth or tenth
year of ono's life ia Immense.
- The Greeks paid very much attention
to this critical period, and In many a
Greek atate tlmy had an elaborate sys
tem of legislation on how to bring up
children, under the mother's Influence,
from the first year to the tenth. ' Now
adays we and our legislation pay much
more attention to education from. 10 to
iQ than from one to ten.
A mother may do much to mould the
future of her child by accustoming It to
scrupulous honesty, to decent behavior,
to -cleanliness, to moderation In eating
and drinking, and to dutifully perform
ing alt that he promised or was expected
to. AH this, however, aha can do only
by loving her home, having few ser
vants, and particularly by helping' her
Afloat Witn tne Czar
;" ' ' ' 1 1 ' ;v '
, By Wex Jones.
Getting tired of tha palace. V Things
no longer safe. Too little starch In my
new steel shirt when It 'cams boms
from the laundry this week; suspect
the laundress 1s allied with the plotters.
Much better aboard tha royal yacht.
No ship can come close to ua without
being seen by the craw and tha Nihil
ists will drown in water Juat like any
other person. .
W hen the neg ftie room crew were
getting ready to sail tha coal exploded.
Find dynamite substituted In all the
bunkers. Got some real coal aboard
and aalled thla morning.
Aa we passed the fort a shell blew
away most of our amokeatack. The
commandant algnalled It was mis
takef h thought the cartridge was
blank. He may be right, but juat aa
a precaution 1 had him shipped to Si
beria. Large steamship rammed us during
tha night, but - did not damage the
Standart as much aa might have been
expected. .. Captain explained his eyes
were bad and he didn't aee ua until too
late, but it wae strange ha happened
to catch ua right amidships. Pluasant
sense of security on Hoard a ahlp, after
the continual perils ancT alarma -of life
In the palace.
A number of seagulls have been hang
ing around the- ship all day. Wonder
If they could be spies. Remember one
spy. In the palace who looked like a
potato. Captain-suggested the seagulla
might be trained aa carrier blrda, but
ha saya the crew la made up of picked
men. The bunkers were full of pfcked
coal, too, but that didn't help any.
Object floating In tha water looked
auspiciously like a mine today. Cap
tain said It resembled a tomato can
more. Sure enough, when wa picked It
up It waa a ran of tomatoes. Needless
to say. 1 dldn'r-eat ths-contents. I'm
too smart a bird to be caught that way.
Thousands of tomato cans all around
us today. Picked up 1,788, and each
contained tomatoes. Captain explained
aome American ahlp must nave been
wrecked here, and I believed him. Juat
then we bumped Into the 1.784tb can,
and sowskyt It waa a floating mine.
1 nnierad the eaDtain to run the Stan-
dart ashore and we went full apeed on
a submerged reef, where the yacht
stuck hard and fast.
At thla moment a suomanne noai
began to fire torpedoea at ua, evidently
i.nnnni wa were aaround. Three tor
pedoea hit us, but of course we couldn't
aina. neip nas iwn mumwiwi vw
wireless and several battleships are
on their way here. , '
But In the meantime something Is
approaching us through the clouds. It
looka very mucn iiae am hm.j-
- Couldn't Understand tlx Order. -From
arar - -B M A lnaelia tAtl S1 Sit
Me was wia-iBi-u " t V.
. . . - J k i . Im aa T AnIAn
ana no fwmiwu inmw
rnU.urnt ho waa immediately ttndd
by .n obuiou. wjltjr -
"I Willi two ,
'one fried on one side and one on the.
Other." . - . - ' '
""Ow la mat, Birr ; asaeu me otuu.m
ed waiter. -''' , .
TttA .rtb-nna fried on one side and
one on the other.". . ' .
"Very well, air."
- Tnai waiter was i"'i". - . "
utea and when be returned his facs was
a stuoy. '; ...
- iWouM vou olease repeat your border,
" "I said very distinctly, two eggsone
fried on one aide and one on the other.
- - .. . it . aJ A hasi ah nasjarl
V"y well, sir' ' ..
J nis time me wmwi - - - .' .
and when he returned he said anxiously:
..... i I. w -.H.lr In . Inn milrh air.
vvouiu I k v. ""- -, J
. , ..... n. . unti. nrnr atr? I
cawn't think I 'ave It right, v'know."
"Two eggs," said the American aadly
and patiently, "one fried on one side and
one on ine omci-. . .v
More oppreaslve sllenos and another
fainter, "Very well, sir." .
i This time ne wae iwnn m.
When he returned his collar was unbut
toned nis nnir uinnr,.i n,...
scratched and bleeding. .. leaning over
the waiting patron, he whispered be-
""WoiSd you mind tyklng boiled heggs.
slrT I've ad some wolds wth the cook.
Reduced Efficiency of Cart.'
" From the Iron Trade Review. "
The conclusion in unavoidable that
the railroads are not getting nearly aa
r treat efficiency out of their cars, hav
ng regard to number and carrying ca
pacity, as they did six years or 11
years ago. Must the new conditions be
accepted as one which Is to remain, .or
Is It to prove but temporary t It Is
hard to believe that American railroads
ran never do better than get 80S ton
miles per day of paying freight out of
a car, the equivalent of 10 miles If the
average rapacity Is 80 tons, or IB miles
If the average capacity la JO tone. If
the cars were worked but one fourth
the time, I. e.. If they spent II hours
Idle, six hours' movlna as empties and
six hours moving with freight, this
would be IS to II miles In six hours,
or 1.7 to f t miles per hour, when ac
tually at profitable work. Making the
comparison in another way, H appears
that If the freight Is moved at the rate
of 10 to II miles an hour, then the cara
work an average of hut one hour In 84.
Again, the actual atatlatlca show that
the average length of haul In l0i wnj
1(1 miles. At the speeds and loads we
have been considering, this means thnt
on an average a car carries load to
destination curing J 3 hours, running
time, hut consumes the balance of 18
days In Idleness. .
son up to his fourteenth year under her
direct superintendence. It la t10""'
like that who have made many of the
most successful men of the world, .
The period from our first to our
tenth year, la In many ways the most
critical of our life. If the right begin
ning la not made during that time It
will be more than difficult to make tip
for the loas Incurred by education In
Our memory, our Imagination, our
love of work, our health and several
other factora of success In life depend
on what haa been done for ua in the
first ten yeara of our experience. Thla
again depends almost exclusively on the
action ot the mother, and sad and disa
greeable though It Is to utter such a
thing. It ia quite true that the aatound
lng number of Individual failures, both
In Great Britain and In America, is due
mainly to th neglect of , sons' education
from the first year to the tenth. J or
mM must nni Hecnive ourselves. While
both Great Britain and the United Statea
are. aa countries, aa totals, a ramr
able. success, yet taking It individually,
none of the highly civilised western
countries In Europe suffers from so
great a percentage of waste and wastrel
tn tha iTnited Klnadom and the
United States. ,By this Is meant not
onlv the appalTTng ri"umelr.absnTutff
paupers in oom i:ii'i "m
Is almost Inconceivable how the United
Statea with a territory and natural
wealth aufflclont to maintain three hun
dred to four hundred million people,
should have so many paper In a popu
lation of lesa than one hundred millions
what la meant Is chiefly persons who.
without being exactly pauper, have
"made a mees of their Uvea. . The num
ber of such persons both In England and
In the states a In the "better classes
very much larger than either in France
or In Germany. '
If, now, one- tries to go back to the
tap root of that undeniable evil, one
will find that In the maiorlty of cases
the person concerned had been wrongly
prepared for life during hla or her flret
ten years. L a., by hla or her mother.
All thla cornea back to the one great
fundamental truth, namely that there
la- no greater fallacy going than the
legend of the "self-made man." None
of la aelf-mad. There never haa
been a aelf-made man or woman. We
all need much making at the handa of
various persona and ths first of these
persona la the mother. -
, Thompson T. Davis, principal of. the
west side high school, was born In east
era Canada . and waa educated first In
the public schools, then at Mount Alli
son university, ' one of the smaller col
leges of the eaat. Here he had charge
of the primary department for sis years.
.,.'""' - '1& - ; " . ' : .
1 , .
Professor Thompson T. Davis.
after which be resigned his position and
went to Harvard, taking there his de
grees of B. A. and M. A. '
Mr. Davis has' been in the Portland
high school for 14 yeara. This la his
eleventh year as principal. Ha haa been
an American cltlxen for more than 10
yeara and Is In full . sympathy with
American Institutions. .
A Land of Largo Things
"From ths Minneapolis Progress.;""?
The fifth anniversary edition of ths
Portland. Oregon, Journal. September
8, waa a mammoth lasue of 110 pages,
Fmfusely illustrated, and teeming with
acta and figures about that wonderful
region, the Pacific northwest, or the
Oregon country with especial attention
to Portland and Ita surroundings. The
Issue la typical of ths new empire that
It represents. It being of large propor
tions. Fruits, forests, agriculture, fish
eries, waterpower, mountalna and man
ufacturing industrlea are all On a large
scale and the prospects of development
are all magnificent.
The state of Oregon Is credited with a
population of 24,000. It has an area
of 94.100 sous. re miles, or 60,070,000
acres of greatly varied territory. It
hns 800,000,000,000 feet of standing tim
ber, end Is becoming the great lumber
supply bouse of the country.. Portland
Is a wealthy city with an assessed val
uation of 8200,000.000. Like all ot the
north Pacific roast cities, it Is rapidly
Increasing in population. With the
exception of Xyoa . Angeles, U haa a
larger area than any other Pacific coast
city. It is the only one having a fresh
water harbor. The great Columbia river
f ives It access to a vast Interior terrl
ory of practically unlimited, undevel
oped: natural resources.
This Issue of the ' Oregon Jenrsal,
costing $10,000 to' publish, presents the
essential facts nbout this region In a
readable form and la invaluable to any
one .who wants such Information.. . To
the man of ambition and energy, the
greatest opportunlttea In the world, are
offered by the Oregon country, and the
Oregon Journal s entitled to great
credit for Its fine exposition of thvre.
glon's wonderful character and re
sources. ; Onr Cities.' v,
From James Bryoe's "American Com-
, mon wealth."
' What Dante said of hla own city
may be said of the cities of America;
they are like the alck man who finds
no rest upon hla bed, hut seeks to esse
his pain by turning from aide to side.
Every now and then, the patient finds
some relief in a drastic remedy, such
as the enactment of a now chatter and
the expulsion at an election of a gnng
of knaves. Presently, however, the weak
points of the charter are discovered, the
state legislature again begins to Inter-,
tare by special acts civic seal grows
cold snd allows' bad men to creep back
Into the chief posts; .federal Issues are
allowed to supersede at municipal elec
tions that which ought to be always
deemed the resl Issue the chsracter
snd capacity of the oindldntes for of
fice. All this is dlaconrsgltigj Yet no
one who studies the munlcinal history
of the last decades will doubt tbat
thlr.K are better than they were 28
year- arn. , , In . tha
growth tit a Stronger sense of civic
dutv - Ilea the tilllmste hope
for' the reform- of city governments.
Nest week Keokuk wl)l gurgle. .
. Bryan ia big, but there sre others.
The Columbia sends greeting to ths
Mr. Fox Is doing a noble work for V
' a a . . '
The Willamette valley needs sn eleo- y
trio epidemic, .
. For some people the silly and hot atr '
season la never over.
:. -,..-,'- a a
Incidentally, ' Govemora Chamberlain
and Johnson will "shake.". - . . . . i
e , a ,
The mayor came nearer being akeered '
tian he aver waa in hla. life before. -
. ' ' -" ' ' , -1 i . .
The only way to get even 'with the '
laundry rust Is to wear clothes longer. "
, ' e e . ' . i- -. '
How much of a boss or leader Senator
Bourne will be, or ran be. is worrying .
several ambitious Republicans.;,- . .
" ' '. ' . ' , a '. ' '
A half-acre pear 'orchard In .Yakima
valley yielded $4.4(1.10. This sounds
Just like a lot of Oregon. Items. .
.... ,! 1. .:
According to the Waahington" repbrt- .
era.i the.jieaidentw anted, .luxeta-the-
Oklahoma constitution, but dassent,.
- ' ' '- ' ' 4
Fairs, fairs and still more fairs. Good
things, too. They prompt people to be
come more enterprising and useful. ,
But we "suppose changing the name of '
Cow Creek canyon would not make It
any leas of f terror to railroad men.
- e a ;
Still another man haa married hla
mother-in-law. Ian't thla a scheme of
widowers to get rid of mother-in-laws T
e s . ;
Oklahoma " comes In both dry -snd
Democratic This seems rather lncon
gruoua, but queer things happen In
politics, .. . .
Marie Corelll aays shs expects - to
live many more Jives. It will take sev-, .,
eral. we fear, for her to become en- -durable.
- . ' . e e !
In 'announcing his 'intention not to
become a candidate. Mr. Jlearst eat a
very good example to some other promi
nent men. - .- -
.. e e . ,
An exohange dtscusaes , "Thoughts
That Pass in the Night." How to get
In and go to bed without waking nor
up, for Instance.
e e - .' " :
A Boaton preacher la Inducing a good
many people to entertain a desire to
go to heaven by asserting that there ,
will bo no automobiles there.' - ,
. ' - -' -
A. Bennett has taken In Henry Cue ss
partner In The Dalles Optimist. He Is
aald to be a man who In the newspaper
business always knows his cue. ,
, a el. - . .
Hetty Green says "the financial altua- '
tlon la going to the devil" and that
there wttl be c1vttwnr In consequence. -From
which Is Is surmised that she '
must have lost as much as 14 cents. -
"Wallowa Is lo ha big aawiiilll.
And again Salem didn't pave ss prom
ised. .-'-''-'' -!.'
' ' An Albany man has raised some fins
peanuts. ,. ..-' -
Plenty of pure water is now Meilford'S :
greateetineed. - w r - - ,
,'.'. ,i ...,, '.. v .
Many homSseekers sre , going into
Harney, valley. -. ri , ,
A 11-acre field near lAldlaw yielded
II tons of wheat. .
" Estacada Is proud of Its new waiting
roomand Its band. .
i - a e : .'. . v ..
Pheaaant hunting Is now a popular
sport Innhe valley... .-.
-.. -e . e - , . - --'
A new fish cannery and Ice plant
has been established near Gardiner.
- Albany '- Democrat t Salmon - for din-
ner, caught by a woman, a double treat.
On one trip out of Tillamook the .
Elmore carried $14,800 worth of cheese. . ,
-'..'.'. e e
Without Solicitation 88 people sub- ,
scribed to the Albany Democrat last .
month..) - ,. -. . , . '-.-
Judge McFadden of Corvsllls har- "
veated 40,000 pounds of prunes from .his
Junction farm. ...., '' v
An Aurora-White Strauaburg radish
weighed 94 pounds snd measured $8
Inches In circumference and 18 Inches
in length, ; ;;. 4...
More rsllroad 1 tickets sre soldi to '
and from the Hood River station than
any other point on the O. R. A N.
road between Portland and Huntington,
saya the Glacier.
. . e e "
What is ssld to be the finest school
building In Benton county outside of
Corvallla, -Is located In-Bellfountaln. -:-It
conalsts of three rooms wjth base
ment, and has steam heat, and every
modern convenience. Ita cost was $3,000.
The three rooms are so constructed that
they cap be Converted Into one large as
sembly hall. ,
. . a, e
Albany la "experiencing a rapid snd
steady growth In population, saya tha -Herald.
..In the last month over 20 fam ,
Hies have moved to this city from other
places. Many of these are people of
means and will add greatly to Albany's
stability. - There la hardly a house to
be had in town and few "for rent" signs
are seen. .Prosperity Is to be seen on
every hand. , " "
) -.. . '. ' '
- ; Progressive Ways. ' f
From ths Washington Star. '
In the 'course of time any governor
who cannot develop a presidential boom '
within the borders of hla own state '
must , regard hla Incumbency as more
or lesa of m failure. .
. "An Eaat Side Bank for East Sld
' ' ' ' Psopla '..' , . ".
ALI, BUSINESS ENTRUSTED
TO THE ' " " '
will "receive prompt and 'careful
There Is no danger of accounts
being disputed when you pay
your bills by check.
.4 per rent la 'paid, compounded
llso solicited, on which Interest at
aeml-annuHlly. Onlv II 00 re-
. quired to atart an account,-- .
George W. Bates,
J. 8- BIrrcl......