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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View This Issue
THE OHECOII CUIiDAY JOUIillAI, PORTLAND, SUNDAY IIOHIJIIIO. AUCU2T 13, 1S07.
And Their Publishers
ISTORT OF NORTH AMERI
CA." Volume XVIII. Fran.
a N. Thorp. Ph. D.,' dltor.
Th Dovelopment of the
North Sine th Civil Afar"
Br 3. M. Roger. A, M. , ,.
Evrr on will agre with what th
dltor uyi in his Introduction, that "no
task which the historian undertake la
mora laborious than. to writ tha his
tory of ooa'a own time. Individual In
cidents overcrowd tha perspective and
quite shut out the true line of vision:
momentous events seem fragmentary
and passing Incidents seem momentous;
tha unit of measure, which time atone
can five, is lacking and tha even bal
ance of parts becomes quite Impossible."
Verr wisely Mr. Rogers haa attempted
no critical analysis of the period of
Which he writes which begins with tha
assassination of President Lincoln: and
Is brought up tf tha present Roosevelt
administration in point of time. '
Mr. Rogers has confined himself al
most wholly to a narrative stylo, giving
facta plalntly, with neither prejudice or
partiality.' In the many histories that
have been written slnoe the war, which
have attempted to set forth the facts,
causes and effects of the reconstruction
period, few, if any. have ever dealt
With it ropr honestly or fairly than
line McMCloger. It was a time when
and fourth Feneration and at years
a not served to eradicate Its ml fl
akes. Us misunderstandings or its
memory from - tha minds of men and
few indeed have been able to record' its
history so free from personal prejudice
gs Mr. Rogers haa don.
Of President Johnson he says: "
He was a man of moods, of tre
mendous passions and , unhappily an
chored la an obstinacy which was at
once his chief asset and greatest fault,
lie had no glint of the tact of hia pre
decessor, and what Is worse, none of
that intense love, of humanity at large
Which dominated Lincoln's conduct at
all times. . He took at random the ad
vice of Seward, whoa IntelUa-ano. was
remarkable; of 8 tan ton, who bad much
of the temperament of the president
though oaat in another mold; of Speed,
the bosom friend of Lincoln, snd of
others. That be desired In his Inmost
heart to be true to the republic and a
friend to the whole country cannot be
denied. That he lacked the essential
qualities for carrying out any such plan
la admitted." No one will deny that this
Is a fairer estimate of thla man who
for four years stood In the strongest
limelight of criticism that It haa ever
been the misfortune of any American
before or alnca to stand In, and . this
Sam spirit of fslrness characterise
Ir. Rogers)' treatment of people and
vents throughout the history.
Oregon, however, ever 5ealous and
rroud of her "leading eltlsen" might
ake some exception to the author's es
timate of President Grant' cabinet
when he says: "Befor long Judge Hosr
and General Con retired because of dif
ference with' the president, being suc
ceeded by Amos T, Akerman of Georgia
and Columbus Delano of Ohio. Thla
did not strengthen the cabinet political
ly nor did the later substitution of
George H. Williams of Oregon as attorney-general."
Th author not only gives
th political history and commercial de
velopment of the country sine th war,
hut very Interestingly traces the de
velopment along th lines of invention,
education, literature, art and society.
Considerable space la given to the ef
fects of expositions upon th develop
ment of th country and th author
quit frankly states that. "Th Centen
nial exposition effected almost a com-'
rlet chang in' the nhvalcal aspects of
ha American home thmurh ih at Imu.
lus which cam rose, the first sight of
artistlo beauty. In 1179 th average
home of th prosperous merchant was
fsr less- attractive than the hom 'of
the ' avers re American : maohanla to.
. "The gospel of beauty spread rapid'
lv. Millions Who attended the Cenian.
rial came from th uttermost parts of
th country. They returned spreading
uie gooa news '
Mr. Rogers' compare tlvs views of th
Columbian exposition and th St. Louis
fslr are thoughtful and extremely In
teresting. To the lesser fairs h gives
but nasslng notlca, but people of th
Pacific coast, who have aeen th devel
opment and growth of th Pacific north
west since th Lewi and Clark fair will
rest confident In th assurance, that
when another edition of this greet his
tory become necessary and Mr, Rogers
is ssked to revise his part of It h will
have to glv recognition to that exposi
tion as on of th very greatest factors
. In developing th north for with th
exception of some Immigration the
south haa but little part In th develop
ment of thla country.
In his concluding paragraphs th
author gives an Illuminating and opti
mistic view of the American citizen,
saying: "Th American eltlsen in 40
years has broadened, has conk to a
.better understanding, not only of his
. potentialities, but of his responsibilities.
Hs Is not prone to lament over paat
loan a. - Hs is apt to complain of ex
isting conditions and immediately to
proceed to correct them if he can. Th
.American Is born to no fixed estat or
unchangeable eoclal poet t ion. He seems
to be aware that the way to achieve
things in this world is not to grumble
but to do. Probably he has his share
ef complaints, but he manage to make
them effective in a way no other eltlsen
of th world lg In th habit. If capable,
of doing. H haa th saving grace of
good humor and common sense.' etc. -,
And the conclusion that Is drawn
ssVnm ths close and attentive observe
nswiwhlch th author haa given every
braujanf this dsvelopment is that th
AmerljnMeople hsve developed more
In th past 49 years than at any other
period of their exlstenc.
This volume, perhaps more than any
that have preceded It, might be com
mended as a study to young people, as
rsusss snd effects, lie so closely to-
, gether and events have moved so rspld-
Iv. thst the Student In political or so
ciiti economy could study hia t-xt with
his Object lessons ever before hi in.
Ths book la cnnlouslv Illustrated with
portraits, in halftones, of ipl who
have occupied end taken prominent part
In ths history of the country the past
half century, its well aa with mape and
Views of public place ana Duuuings.
There Is a valuable eppendix with
tables taken from th Lulled States
government statlatics, and th .usual
chrnnolntf leal table.
For price, snd particulars, George
Pnrrle tt buns. Ills walnut . street,
"The Negro In the South," being the
t:llllam Levi Bull lectures for 1807,
b Booker T, Washington of the Tuskee
gee Normal snd ' Industrial Institute
and W. K. burghardt Du Hoi of the At
lanta university. In presenting th
letter of endowment. Rev. William L.
Bull said: "For many years it baa been
my earnest desire to found a lecture
ship on Christian sociology, meaning
thereby the application of Christian
principles to the social. Industrial and
economic problema of th times. In
my alma mater, ths Philadelphia Divin
ity school. My object in founding this
scholarship Is to secure free, frank and
full consideration of these subjects, with
special reference to th Christian as
pect of th question involved, which
hsv heretofore, in my opinion, been too
much negleoted In such discussions. It
would seem that the time is now rips
snd the moment an auspicious on for
the establishment of this lectureship, at
least tentatively." '
After a trial of three year during
which time Mr. Bull pledged himself to
contribute 1800 annually for these lec
tures, they proved so satisfactory and
beneficial ha renewed hia Died frw
another three years. Ha also obligated
himself to pay a liberal sum If it should
be deemed wis by. tha soramlttes to
ward publishing these lectures, and the
present book comprises ths lectures for
1907. There are four lectures: ?The
Kconomlo Development of -the Negro
Raoe in Slavery,' and . "The Economic
Development of the Negro Race Sine
its Emancipation." by Booker T. Wash
ington, and "Ths Economlo Revolution
In the South," and "Religion in th
South." by Mr. Du Bols. Both writers
are eminent authorities on ths subjects
upon which they writ, but 'both lec
tures bear, th distinct individuality of
the men who have given them. -
It Is well known that th two radically
differ' upon certain points and policies
of .th rsoe problem, but except in their
general attitude, and outlook, it is
hardly perceptible In thee lectures.
Mt. Washington thoroughly believes
the negro must work out his own sal
vation and goes so far as to point out
thst slavery was not wholly a cure
upon th colored race, but that In many
ways It equipped him for th beet In
dustrial Occupations aftsr his emancipa
tion. In this respect he saya: "I do not
overstst th matter whan I say that I
am quit sur that la on county In th
south during th days of slavery there
were more colored youth being taught
trades than, ther are members of my
race now being taught trades In any
Of th larger cities of th north.
At th and of th period of slavery,
about 159 years, th negro race as a
whol had learned as I hav stated, to
wear clothes, to work with a reasonable
degre of regularity and system and a
few had learned to work with a high
degree of eklll. Not only thla. th rao
had reached th point wher. from
speaking scores of dislects, it had
lesrned to speak intelligently th Eng
lish language. It had also a fair knowl
edge of American civilisation and had
changed from a pagan Into a Christian
race. Further, at th beginning of his
freedom th negro found himself pos
sessed of In fact had a monopoly of
ths common and skilled, labor through
cut th south; not only this, but by
reason of th contact of whites and
black during slavery, th negro found
business and commercial careers open
to hlra at th beginning of his free
dom." Mr. Du Bols I statistical In his lec
tures and throws th- burden of re
sponsibility for th present condition
of th negro of th south upon th atti
tude . of th whites toward tham. - At
times h grows bitterly sarcastic and
again offer opinions that might be
open to question and would osrtainly be
disputed by th whites of ths south..
Her, for Instance, la on of them: '
Burkhard Bldg.. B. Bumstds Bt
Between Grand and Union Ave.
Grand Union Stock Co. In Bydnay
; Grundy's Comedy,
In Three Acts Four Nights 1:11
V p.' n. Sharp.
.' - Mondajr-,-;-' -,
Comedy In thr act si
;f Friday and ' - -f:
' ; Saturday
Prices 10 and 20 Cents
"If in my own city of Atlanta hnd
Offered It today th choice but ween 6u0
negro college graduates rorceful. buay,
ambitious men of property snd self-respect
and tuO black cringing vagrants
and criminals, the popular vote In favor
of the crlmlimls would be simply over
whelming." This is a bold, and it la to
be hoped unwarranted, atalement, for If
the morality and ethics of sny southern
city are at aa low a Standard ss this
sassrtlon applies, it has sunken beneath
the level of American civilisation, and
few would accept it. even from so escei
lent an authority as Mr. Du Bols, with
out further confirmation.
Living in Georgia, wher th negro
has been disfranchised, would naturally
tings ths author with a bitterness that
Mr. Washington haa escaped, and while,
perhaps, Mr. Du Bols haa given th most
learned of thess lectures which hs hss
punctuated with numerous notes, Mr.
Washington's reasoning will be accepted
and a kindlier feeling for th colored
man be engendered, and which. In tns
end, wllr tell In favor of the man of
color. Ueorg W. Jaoobs Co. Prlc
1.00. . ,. . '
"The Shrlff of Wasco" By Charles
Ross Jackson. Oregon has had Its tales
of Indian warfare, Its pioneer stories.
Its desoriptlvs books and Its history and
litsrsture, but It remained for Mr. Jack
son to find ons of its "cow counties
reeking with th blend, of . bor
der outlawry, and creat for It a shsruf
who shall go rattling down th ages as
the David to Oregon's Goliath. Not that
ths "Sheriff of Wasco" wss a singer of
psalma or a stripling, but that the hero
nameless but valiant, cam down out of
th fastnesses of Waacn, crossed oyer
Into Washington and Vier slew the
giant Jlardeman, tha terror of . two
ststes. and ths destroyr of women and
children. Throughout the book th nam
of hero never one appear, but "The
Sheriff of Waaoo" become better
known than any mere Kit Carson tr
Buffslo Bill could possibly hav been tn
their palmiest day . '
Ths wild cut-throat Hardeman' had
shot ths last sheriff and had court
eously begged that he might be supplied
v Vaudeville Do Luxe
WEEK OF J:':
Aug. 19, 1907
A BILL OF STARS
Miss Alice Mortlock
SUPPORTED BT '
Mr. Walter Harmon
'A In th Charming Domestlo
..HOW THE f IXS FIXED IT"
Special Added feature
The Famous Fre
CAPT. B. IX CXOTJIX Mgr. .
r . ... Bvntn ia Numbr. i .
A OU1T BIO ACT.
' . ' By Special Request, ' ' '.-'-': -
" DEALERS W HARMONX.
. JVlll bs held over for another week
M Wilber Held
t ; , Souvenl Postcard Man. '
Mr. and Mrs. J.
In th. Refined Comdy Skit, 7
"X XASJUAOa A VAXKOTUa?"
Mr. Joe Thompson
'? , Bong Illustrator,
torn nun wm .vir
20TII CtNILRY MOTION
; PICTURES y
: Man of . Straw?
Dont ' forget th. three : daily
shows at 1:30, and ;I0 n, m.
' " ruozi mmfaTW no uia,
Curtain raises at I p. m. Sunday
and Holiday Matin.
Only Rflnd Outdoor Amuaam.nt
. . Raort In th Rom' City ,
: At 2:00, 3:35; 7:45 and 9:40
And His Band. ,. " Six Soloists.
- , Forty attractions on : the
Avenue to hold attention and
entertain, c.;-:;' 'w'-.c.,
Moonlight Skating ; '
Dizzy Fig Eight
First Class If atatoriurn ,
' Free Toboggan Slides v i
' Deave'a Manikins
New Toiiri in Old Lands
Spray of - Life v '
Giant Aerial Whirl
Old Mill Chutes - '
LADIES FREE MONDAY
. i i i .- ;...
Transfers from all parts of city (c
fare. Cars, First snd Alder, every 1.
minute Finest panoramio riverside
-rid la th country.. .
p zo Lastspecial tow
ERA CT 3:30-9:30 :
;. . . ,
with another upon which to do rifle
practice. hut the people of "Wasco
n , "V .l0 u,l of Oregon" deter-
iiiiiied to turn th tables and literally
rorcou the young hero UJ accept thl
? 1 Sk Kfl" onc Installed into office,
the Sheriff of Wasco., felt bs had to
'. good, and an occasion soon pre
sented Itself by Hsrdemsn destroying
the home of one of his deputies, then
lt u.ritf, ot wsco took the war path,
which trailed him into Washington and
"? the Olympic mountain, where
LV rrfy Ijndl tJi. romaj.ee of th
story worked Itself out
-". unexpected tncentlv was added
to th aherifr thirst of revenge by
Suii m?n !?.vlns" carried off into tb
Bllent Land" Myra Thorn, th beauti
ful daughter of a wealthy mine owner.
In fcer recovery th romanc of tb
jtory begin, and In th final bout be
tween Hardeman and th sheriff th
scsn for strength and brutality would
d credit to Jack London.
While th story is melodramatic, and
LUm.e." dingfy lacking in ortgin
& ,.t, a fasclnstlon for readers
who delight In the adventures and thril
ling situation incident to pioneer days
' half century ago, Ths book haa
som good Illustrations. O. W. Illllng
ham Co. Prlc ,. - ., ,
H Planted His Flag, '
: From th Mexican Harald.
. Julian Santos, a aalio fin ' tks sviirw.
?iri?mor?ta' h". Just been granted.
....v.-B uiinnmini oi war, a medal
for bravery In planting the green, whit
and red over Cllpperton Island in the
Paolf o, under ciroumstanees of a moat
peculiar nature. He fought his wsy
through an-army of f aharks In rough
water, with no other weapon than a flag
in a meial cning.
Aa is customary, at regular Intervals
the government send a boat to this is
land to plant ths flag there. On this
trip the boat pulled as close In to the
usual landing placs ss wss poselbls and
a small boat was sent out to make the
landing. Th. great breaker kept th
boat from landing. . It returned, and
another crew was sent out, in which
was bant os. . ' , . ,
Having received his orders to plant
th flag on th island and being unable
to ffect th landing in th boat, h
watched his opportunity to get the best
advantage of surf conditions, dropped
over the edge of ths boat with th en
eased flag and atarted fur land. He was
immediately attacked by man-eating
sharks. Ths terrible breakers In them
selves seemed almost unweatherable.
but added It was th fight In th
water. He used th encased flag as a
weapon and finally reached land, where,
sfter having rested sufficiently to re
rover part of his strength, be planted
th flag and watted for the boat to b
able to make a landing to take him back
to th gunboat.
A nlo. point ot law in regard to. th.
relations ot employer and amploy. has
bsen raised by th decision of some too
Journeyman baker of Paris, who re
cently want on strike, and whom thslr
former employers decline to taae oeca,
now that ths strike 1 ended, to su. for
damages, on th. ground of brusqu. dis
missal. Th. men's contention is that
ths cessation of work because of a
strike 1. not a rupture, but a legitimate
suspsnslon ot ths contract entered into
between employer and employed. -
TONIGHT Lest rcrfcnr.:r,ce ;cf "Are Yea a f.:;scr.?"
Dlreetlon ' Borthwestera Theatrical .
Association. O. MsUlg, president.
v oraanro ahbaotxo niiioi ltor-o
moxAx, nxcM lunni aarumoAx.
it. auxxm co. nimrv
EVENING PRICES "
' Lower floor except last
Lower floor last 1 rows, .. . 1.01
"Bslcony first 4 row., ,.1.00
' Balcony next S rows.,.,..., .75
Balcony last i row.....,.,. .80
t Gallery Reserved , . .J5
Balanc Oeilery .15
Entir lower floor. $1.00
Balcony first 4 row., .... ,7S
Balcony last rows...... ,i
Gallery ( no reserve) .... . .21
nit iui orams mi wmmdat, 10 a. ic ax tdatii.
MARQU Afl GRAND
inir.AV -in iiata,wtd
cttdar, Saturday j
Stockwcil MacGregor Co.
' . ' ' - with ; -.:.
' to. Cap. BoVwt' ltarshaU'g Bsllghttal ly ' ' .
At PLAYED BY
Drtric Xreaing and fiatarday Matinta SOcJSc, 15c. ' ; II
II Itt .Bargaia Matinea Wedneaday, AU Saata 2Sc. !
Old M. 5496
New . A. 1496
"Swell Elegant . Joneo" "fc Tie TiiaH BM"
. . - - - Both Phones: Main 4885, Home A1026 -
Week Commcncino Monday; August 19lh
" PRESENTING . ' ... V
Matinees Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday. Prices
10c and 20c Every evening at 8:15. Prices 10c, 20c and
ORDER SEATS BY BOTH PHONES
Box Office Open From 10 a. m. to 10 p. m.
Week of August 1 9, . 1907
Last Week ol the Star Stock Co.
'" . , in i -;. : , -
BY HAL REID ...
Matinees Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays and Sundays at
8:30. Prices 10c and 20c. ' ' "
Every evening at 8:15. Prices 10c, 20c and 30c
Secure seats for all performances by telephone Main 5498
- ' ' or A1498
SUNDAY, AUGUST 25, 1907 "
Opening of the French Stock Company
There Will be Just One Best Place to
And That Will be the BeauUful
Most complete popular 4 celebration ever : I
( : planned in Portland. V . '( . ; . (
bensatronal liauoon Ascension ! . r
Thrilling Parachute Leap!' l:J::l .'j :
, V Live Turkey will be liberated hundreds of
feet in air Get it ! t . , -l';V:c i'V,: :
' Baseball game in adjoining Park. , :;l'vV';,,;:;';
n Prof. Dolan on Agricultural Bldg. Dome.
Under Auspices federated
and Building Trades Councils
WIUU, EXHIBIT AT PORTLAND
SHOW OROUND8, 2fith and RALDIQH
v . .... ., QJ ,. :.:-'r :
THE WHOLE WORLD RANSACKED FOR ITS AREMC WOXZZZS
SOO Artlstt Of Tnls uraai boost import, rrssa Eorop Aa4 Asia
Viom Bosslai Rloooboao Eqaiass. with
Human Son. Ths "Good Might
Hon". Hit Wits and FamJir.
rrm Franc Alassader Psttr. hs Usa
- Who Walks a hi U4 as others
walk OO thair it. ..,
From Hungary Ths MsnsTfe-sfsraits
. Troucs, wh clar Musical Instramtnts
. in Apparently Impossibl Acrobatis
Attitude ' .. . . '
Fram Italy r Ths Beinl Family of WU
,. Pmoia Ridm, with thsar Woadsriot
Rid.ne Do. "Euro." - .
Frsm Fertlar-Ths Orsst Mlna-Oolams,
th Shah's owa personal Ambata
' Court Entsrtainsrs. .
From Spain Ths Splendid Torsadora.
From Sweden Ths Dieting aisasd
From England i Ths Hoaaway Troup
of High Wire Wonders.
From Australia t The Fanwa. Flying
Jordan. Ten ia Number.
From England I The Marvelous Clark.
oniana, tb World Most C ia orated
From Japan The Wonderful ITsmoH
Trowp of Bquihbriets.
From Belgium I Marguerit ft Kan ley,
Thnllins Athletic Wonders.
From Braill I The Largard Troup.
From 8ttth Afrtcat The Bertlal
Tmtipe of Globe Balawers.
From Berllae The Kaufman Girts, Pre
mier Bicyclist of th World.
Artists, Performers, Producers et Kow
sltles from everywhere on the Pac of th
Glob, including ths Star Performf of
America. Among them trt Great Lilford
Family of Acrobats, Ariel Smith, Ths
paring Shaw. "Up-Side-Down" Milettea,
Honon at Linden, The Marno Brothers,
and Whole Troupe of Native and Porvwrt
Artiata in all SIS Perfoimeie -topt .-,r
formins th Moat Wonderful. Diversified.
ana r leasing snow Ins w orH bss ever
60 Acrobats and The 12 Ilim-Golems
AerialisU and the 10 Flyia Jordans
Kwcrs ce Bedims asi Daisy llod;id
soaowns tieWorU's fenny Men
1 TK rI.e,.. sa M. A t - A -
- m w. a a a . a a wl g a . .
'f It l .lt . , I 1 . '
svsar HoaMiMa at is oxuwa
'.- , tvta suut tm SAara
f j SS-s-e Ma aeaaa , i i jes ,
Til K:;4, frt t.rj trASy'
Admission' tlrkt sn'1 nmh,ii rrvt
h. snssgment at thej itlAVkM SCO.?
at azactiy tn am prl ebars-l la ( . i